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RADIOGRAPHIC ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA

ASME Sec. IX

API 1104
ASME B31.4
ASME B31.8

[This Table Contains Maximum Discontinuity Size Allowed]

API 620
API 650

ASME Sec. VIII Div.1


Para_UW-52

ASME Sec. VIII Div.1


Para_UW-51

ASME B31.3

ASME Sec.I
ASME B31.1

Imperfection

Any size or location of cracks are


unacceptabe except for shallow
crater or star cracks >4mm

None

None

None

None

None

Crack

None

individual length of < 1"

None

None

None

None

None

Incomplete Fusion (IF)

None

None

individual length of < 1"

None

None

None

None

None

3.2mm for t up to 9.5mm


inclusive; 1/3t for t over 9.5 to
57mm; 19mm for t over
57mm

2/3E where E is the


weld size

Welding Performance
Qualification

AWS D1.1

None

None

None

20% of t or 3.2mm
whichever is smaller

1/4t whichever is smaller, except


that an isolated indication
separated from anadjacent
indication by 1 in. or more may be
1/3t. The length of an acceptable
Clusters shall not exceed the
lesser of 1 in.

E/3
or
>1/4" for T 2"
for T> 2"

for pipe OD 2-3/8" the length is 6mm for t up to 19mm. 1/3t for 2/3t where t is the thickness of
>2" for pipe OD < 2-3/8" 3xtw of t from 19 to 57mm inclusive.
the weld excluding allowed
the thinner thickness joined.
19mm for t over 57mm.
reinforcement.

3/8" size of individual por >25% of

Individual tungsten
inclusions are evaluated
same as porosity,
elongated tungsten
inlusions is
unacceptable.

the thinner tw; cluster is


unacceptable if > 1/2" in any
12 inches of weld

Individual tungsten inclusions


are evaluated same as
porosity, elongated tungsten
inlusions is unacceptable.

1/4t whichever is smaller, except


that an isolated indication
separated from anadjacent
indication by 1 in. or more may be
1/3t. The length of an acceptable
Clusters shall not exceed the
lesser of 1 in.

1/4t whichever is smaller, except


that an isolated indication
separated from anadjacent
indication by 1 in. or more may be
1/3t. The length of an acceptable
Clusters shall not exceed the
lesser of 1 in.

6mm for t up to 19mm. 1/3t for t


from 19 to 57mm inclusive.
19mm for t over 57mm.

6mm for t up to 19mm. 1/3t


for t from 19 to 57mm
inclusive. 19mm for t over
57mm.

Rounded indications are not a


factor unless full radiographic
examination is required.

1/4t whichever is smaller, except 1/4t whichever is smaller, except


1/4t whichever is smaller, except that
that an isolated indication
that an isolated indication
an isolated indication separated from
separated from anadjacent
separated from anadjacent
anadjacent indication by 1 in. or more
indication by 1 in. or more may be indication by 1 in. or more may be
may be 1/3t. The length of an
1/3t. The length of an acceptable 1/3t. The length of an acceptable
acceptable Clusters shall not exceed
Clusters shall not exceed the
Clusters shall not exceed the
the lesser of 1 in.
lesser of 1 in.
lesser of 1 in.

Rounded tungsten inclusions are


to be evaluated as rounded
indication per UW-51. elongated
and aligned tungsten inclusions
are unacceptable.

1/4t whichever is smaller, except 1/4t whichever is smaller, except


1/4t whichever is smaller, except that
that an isolated indication
that an isolated indication
an isolated indication separated from
separated from anadjacent
separated from anadjacent
anadjacent indication by 1 in. or more
indication by 1 in. or more may be indication by 1 in. or more may be
may be 1/3t. The length of an
1/3t. The length of an acceptable 1/3t. The length of an acceptable
acceptable Clusters shall not exceed
Clusters shall not exceed the
Clusters shall not exceed the
the lesser of 1 in.
lesser of 1 in.
lesser of 1 in.

any length of RC is acceptable


provided the density image not
exceed that of the thinnest
adjacent base metal.

tw including reinf., tw

the sum of the longest dimension


of all such indications is < t in a
length of 6t & the longest
Aggregate Length greater than indications are separated by 3L
t. in a length of 12t, except
where L is the length of
when the distance between
acceptable indication shall be
successive indications
3/4". Any such indication shorter
exceeds 6L where L is the
than 1/4" shall be acceptable for
longest indication in the group. any plate thickness

sum lengths of indication > 2" in


any continuous 12" of weld. Sum
lengths of indication > 8% of weld
length.

tw/3 individual length;


tw in any 12tw for
cumulative length

Aggregate Length greater than t.


in a length of 12t, except when
the distance between successive
indications exceeds 6L where L
is the longest indication in the
group.

Aggregate Length greater


than t. in a length of 12t,
except when the distance
between successive
indications exceeds 6L where
L is the longest indication in
the group.

0.8mm depth

Unacceptable if the
density is greater than that
of the parent material

Aggregate Length greater


than t. in a length of 12t,
except when the distance
between successive
indications exceeds 6L where
L is the longest indication in
the group.

Incomplete

Penetration (IP)

Elongated Indication

Rounded Indication (Por)

Tungsten Inclusions (Ti)

Root Concavity (RC)

Group of Aligned
Indications

Undercut
(EUC)

(IUC)

individual length of < 2"

Inadequate Penetration due


to high-low

individual length of < 2"

Inadequate Fusion due to


Cold Lap (IFD)

for pipe OD 2-3/8" maximum


dimension exceeds 6.35mm and
the density image exceeds that of
the thinnest adjacent base metal

Burn Through (BT)

RADIOGRAPHIC ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA


ASME Sec. IX

Welding
Performance Qualification

AWS D1.1

[This Table Contains Maximum Discontinuity Size A

API 1104
ASME B31.4
ASME B31.8

API 620
API 650

None

None

Any size or location of cracks are


unacceptabe except for shallow
crater or star cracks >4mm

None

None

None

individual length of < 1"

None

None

None

individual length of < 1"

None

3.2mm for t up to 9.5mm inclusive;


1/3t for t over 9.5 to 57mm; 19mm
for t over 57mm

2/3E where E is the weld


size

6mm for t up to 19mm. 1/3t


for pipe OD 2-3/8" the length is
for t from 19 to 57mm
>2" for pipe OD < 2-3/8" 3xtw of
inclusive. 19mm for t over
the thinner thickness joined.
57mm.

20% of t or 3.2mm whichever


is smaller

E/3
or
>1/4" for T 2"
T> 2"

3/8" for

size of individual por >25% of


the thinner tw; cluster is
unacceptable if > 1/2" in any
12 inches of weld

1/4t whichever is smaller, except


that an isolated indication
separated from anadjacent
indication by 1 in. or more may
be 1/3t. The length of an
acceptable Clusters shall not
exceed the lesser of 1 in.

1/4t whichever is smaller, except that an


isolated indication separated from
anadjacent indication by 1 in. or more
may be 1/3t. The length of an
acceptable Clusters shall not exceed
the lesser of 1 in.

Individual tungsten inclusions


are evaluated same as
porosity, elongated tungsten
inlusions is unacceptable.

Individual tungsten inclusions


are evaluated same as
porosity, elongated tungsten
inlusions is unacceptable.

1/4t whichever is smaller, except


that an isolated indication
separated from anadjacent
indication by 1 in. or more may
be 1/3t. The length of an
acceptable Clusters shall not
exceed the lesser of 1 in.

any length of RC is acceptable


provided the density image not
exceed that of the thinnest
adjacent base metal.

Aggregate Length greater


than t. in a length of 12t,
except when the distance
between successive
indications exceeds 6L
where L is the longest
indication in the group.

sum lengths of indication > 2" in


any continuous 12" of weld. Sum
lengths of indication > 8% of
weld length.

individual length of < 2"

individual length of < 2"

for pipe OD 2-3/8" maximum


dimension exceeds 6.35mm and
the density image exceeds that
of the thinnest adjacent base
metal

mum Discontinuity Size Allowed]


ASME Sec. VIII Div.1
Para_UW-52

ASME Sec. VIII


Div.1 Para_UW-51

ASME B31.3

ASME Sec.I
ASME B31.1

None

None

None

None

None

None

None

None

None

None

None

None

2/3t where t is the thickness of


the weld excluding allowed
reinforcement.

6mm for t up to 19mm.


1/3t for t from 19 to
57mm inclusive. 19mm
for t over 57mm.

tw/3 individual length;


tw in any 12tw for
cumulative length

6mm for t up to 19mm.


1/3t for t from 19 to
57mm inclusive. 19mm
for t over 57mm.

Rounded indications are not a


factor unless full radiographic
examination is required.

1/4t whichever is smaller,


except that an isolated
indication separated from
anadjacent indication by 1 in.
or more may be 1/3t. The
length of an acceptable
Clusters shall not exceed the
lesser of 1 in.

1/4t whichever is smaller,


except that an isolated
indication separated from
anadjacent indication by 1 in.
or more may be 1/3t. The
length of an acceptable
Clusters shall not exceed the
lesser of 1 in.

1/4t whichever is smaller,


except that an isolated
indication separated from
anadjacent indication by 1
in. or more may be 1/3t.
The length of an
acceptable Clusters shall
not exceed the lesser of 1
in.

1/4t whichever is smaller,


Rounded tungsten inclusions are except that an isolated
indication separated from
to be evaluated as rounded
anadjacent indication by 1 in.
indication per UW-51. elongated or more may be 1/3t. The
and aligned tungsten inclusions length of an acceptable
are unacceptable.
Clusters shall not exceed the
lesser of 1 in.

1/4t whichever is smaller,


except that an isolated
indication separated from
anadjacent indication by 1 in.
or more may be 1/3t. The
length of an acceptable
Clusters shall not exceed the
lesser of 1 in.

1/4t whichever is smaller,


except that an isolated
indication separated from
anadjacent indication by 1
in. or more may be 1/3t.
The length of an
acceptable Clusters shall
not exceed the lesser of 1
in.

tw including reinf.,
tw

Unacceptable if the
density is greater
than that of the
parent material

Aggregate Length greater


than t. in a length of 12t,
except when the distance
between successive
indications exceeds 6L
where L is the longest
indication in the group.

Aggregate Length
greater than t. in a
length of 12t, except
when the distance
between successive
indications exceeds 6L
where L is the longest
indication in the group.

the sum of the longest dimension


of all such indications is < t in a
length of 6t & the longest
indications are separated by 3L
where L is the length of
acceptable indication shall be
3/4". Any such indication shorter
than 1/4" shall be acceptable for
any plate thickness

Aggregate Length greater


than t. in a length of 12t,
except when the distance
between successive
indications exceeds 6L
where L is the longest
indication in the group.

0.8mm depth

Imperfection

Crack
Incomplete Fusion (IF)
Incomplete
Penetration (IP)

Elongated Indication

Rounded Indication
(Por)

Tungsten Inclusions
(Ti)

Root Concavity (RC)

Group of Aligned
Indications

Undercut
(IUC) (EUC)
Inadequate
Penetration due to
high-low
Inadequate Fusion
due to Cold Lap (IFD)

Burn Through (BT)