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Inorganic Chemistry

UNIT

Section - A : Straight Objective Type


1.

Answer (1)
H occupy the vacant space between metal atom in metallic lattice.

2.

Answer (1)
Para form have lower internal energy than ortho form.

3.

Answer (3)
In para hydrogen Nuclear spin of both hydrogen is opposite to each other, while in orthohydrogen both have
same spin.

4.

Answer (1)
D2O is slowly electrolysed as compare to water.

5.

Answer (1)
H2 has a lower activation energy.

6.

Answer (2)
The lack of reactivity is due to kinetics rather than thermodynamics.

7.

Answer (1)
Water being less conducting, consume a large amount of electricity during its electrolysis.

7a.
8.

Answer (2)

(AIEEE 2012)

Answer (3)
About 92% of the universe is made up of hydrogen.

9.

Answer (2)
PbS + 2Ca(OH)2
PbSO4 + 2CaH2

10. Answer (3)


If all tetrahedral void are occupied the formula should be MH2 but actually all void are not occupied.
11. Answer (4)
All these hydride form polymer chain.
12. Answer (4)
Element of 7th and 9th group element does not form hydride.
13. Answer (4)
Oxidane : H2O
Hydrolith : CaH2
14. Answer (3)
BeH2 is a covalent hydride.
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15. Answer (2)


16. Answer (3)
Tritium is used to make thermonuclear devices.
17. Answer (1)
It is not necessary that solubility increase with rise in temperature and increase in ionic character. Solubility
of sulphate of alkaline earth metals decrease down the group while ionic character increase.
18. Answer (3)
ND3 + Mg(OD)2
Mg3N2 + 3D2O

19. Answer (3)


In terms of I.E. it is related to halogens and in terms of reactivities it is very low as compared to halogens.
20. Answer (4)
21. Answer (2)
22. Answer (2)
1
n
0

1
p
1

e + energy

-particle
23. Answer (1)
24. Answer (4)
The fire produced cannot be extinguished by CO2 as it gets reduced by the hot metal hydride, so only sand
is useful as it is a solid.
25. Answer (1)
The stability of the hydrides decreases as the size of the cation atom increases
26. Answer (3)
27. Answer (2)
28. Answer (3)
29. Answer (1)
30. Answer (1)
31. Answer (3)
2NaOH + H2O2
Na2O2 + 2H2O

32. Answer (3)


D2O has maximum density at 11C.
33. Answer (1)
Kw (H2O) : 1 1014 at 25C
Kw (D2O) : 3.0 1015 at 25C
34. Answer (1)
Al and Zn react with NaOH.
35. Answer (3)
Small amount of alcohol and H3PO4 are often used as stabilizer to check decomposition.
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Inorganic Chemistry

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36. Answer (2)


Hydrogen peroxide is non linear, non planar and open book structure.
37. Answer (2)
For D2, 100% ortho form can be obtained
38. Answer (1)
For T2 at high temperature, ortho form dominant
39. Answer (4)
MgH2, ZnH2 and BeH2 are example of intermediate hydride
40. Answer (2)
Hardness of water is expressed in term of CaCO3
41. Answer (2)

volume strength
5.6

42. Answer (1)


43. Answer (2)
Due to its greater size and lower charge density.
44. Answer (2)
Factual
45. Answer (1)
Carbonates of alkali metals are stable to heat.
46. Answer (1)
Na2CO3 + 2SO2 + H2O 2NaHSO3 + CO2
47. Answer (2)
Calcium absorbes O2 and N2.
48. Answer (4)
Black ash is the mixture of CaS and Na2CO3.
49. Answer (2)
Factual
50. Answer (4)
CaH2 + 2H2O Ca(OH)2 + 2H2
51. Answer (1)
Alkaline earth metals have higher density due to stronger metallic bond.
52. Answer (1)
Li has strongest metallic bond.
53. Answer (4)
Li+ being smallest in size has maximum polarising power.
54. Answer (2)
Caustic soda absorbs moisture from air hence it is deliquescent.
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170

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55. Answer (1)


Superoxides are paramagnetic due to presence of unpaired e.
56. Answer (2)
Factual
57. Answer (2)
NaCl

Electrolysis

Na+ + Cl

At cathode
Na e Na

At anode
2Cl Cl2 2e
58. Answer (1)
On fusion ions are separated from each other.
59. Answer (2)
Bicarbonate ion of KHCO3 exists in dimeric state due to hydrogen bonding.
60. Answer (2)
61. Answer (3)
62. Answer (1)
63. Answer (3)
64. Answer (2)
65. Answer (4)
66. Answer (3)
67. Answer (2)
68. Answer (4)
69. Answer (1)
70. Answer (3)
71. Answer (2)
Ionic mobility Li+ Na+ < K+ < Rb+ < Cs+
M.P NaF > NaCl > NaBr > NaI
Covalent character NaF < NaCl < NaBr < NaI
72. Answer (3)

Na H2O NaOH

1
H2 ; H = ve
2

73. Answer (2)


LiCl is covalent in nature and thus soluble in weak polar organic solvents.
74. Answer (2)
Sodium form peroxide (Na2O2) with air.
75. Answer (4)
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Inorganic Chemistry

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76. Answer (4)


Solvay process is based on electrolysis of brine (NaCl) solution.
77. Answer (1)
Carnallite is KClMgCl26H2O
78. Answer (4)
Factual
79. Answer (2)
Alkali metal is highly soluble in water.
80. Answer (3)
Co-ordination number of Li in Li(CH3) is 7.
81. Answer (2)
Down the group, thermal stability of peroxide increases.
82. Answer (3)
Down the group solubility of halide (Cl, Br, I) decreases.
83. Answer (2)
Co-ordination number of Li in LiCl.3H2O is 6.
84. Answer (2)

BaC2 + N2
Ba(CN)2

BeC2 + N2 BeCN2
85. Answer (4)
HCl
Heat
Na
4H3BO3
B2O3
B + Na2O
Na2 [B4O5(OH)4] 8H2O

So compound C is Boron.
86. Answer (1)
When H3BO3 is treated with H2O2, monoperoxoboric acid is formed.
87. Answer (4)
This is peculiar property of Ga, Ge and Bi, these expand when converts from liquid to solid.
88. Answer (3)
Because of poor screening of 4f orbital Tl have high ionisation energy than Indium.
89. Answer (4)
90. Answer (4)
91. Answer (2)
92. Answer (1)
2BN 3H2 O B2 O3 2NH3
93. Answer (3)
At room temperature B reacts with fluorine and oxygen only but at very high temperature it reacts with almost
all metals and non-metals.
94. Answer (1)
Icosahedron is a regular polyhedron having 20 faces.
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95. Answer (4)


H3BO3

HBO2

> 200C

B2O3

96. Answer (2)


97. Answer (1)
98. Answer (4)
99. Answer (4)
Producer gas = CO + N2
Water gas (or, synthesis gas) = CO + H2
100. Answer (4)
PbSO4 4C PbS 4CO
101. Answer (2)
CaC2(s) + 2H2O(l)

Ca(OH)2(s) + C2H2(g)

used for welding and fruit ripening


102. Answer (1)
Borax is used as buffer since its aqueous solution contain equal amount of weak acid and its salt.
103. Answer (2)
2BF3 + 3H2O H3BO3 + HBF4 + 2HF.
104. Answer (3)
Borazine show addition reaction while Benzene does not show
B3N3H6 + 3HCl B3N3H9 Cl 3
105. Answer (2)
106. Answer (4)
Pb+4. Due to its less stability than Pb+2 because of inert pair effect.
107. Answer (4)
Water gas and producer gas contain CO not CO2.
108. Answer (3)
Cyclic silicate have common formula Sin O3n2n.
109. Answer (2)
Graphite is most stable form of carbon.
110. Answer (3)
Mg2C3 produce CH3CCH on hydrolysis.
111. Answer (4)
Diamond and graphite form lattice while fullerene form discrete molecule. These contain fused system of five
and six membered rings. These are soluble in organic solvent.
112. Answer (1)
White phosphorus is highly toxic and it is also highly reactive.
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Inorganic Chemistry

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113. Answer (3)


HCl

(SnCl6)2.
Sn(OH)4
excess

114. Answer (2)


If anion is strongly oxidising then ammonium salt produce either N2 or N2O.
115. Answer (1)
If P4O10, 4 dp bonds are present between P and oxygen. But no pp double bond is present.
116. Answer (4)
Fact.
116a. Answer (2)

(AIEEE 2011)

Stability of hydrides from NH3 to BiH3 decreases due to decreasing bond strength.
117. Answer (2)
AsCl3 + 3H2O H3AsO3 + HCl
118. Answer (4)
White P is highly reactive with air, so it should be stored in cold water.
119. Answer (3)
All chalcogen except tellurium are polymorphic.
120. Answer (4)
O3 is unstable, diamagnetic and dark blue gas.
121. Answer (4)
NO is neutral oxide, BeO and Al2O3 is amphoteric.
122. Answer (2)

O
S

O
O

S
O

S
O

Number of double bond = 6.

123. Answer (3)


NaHSO4 + 2HI. Sulphite is converted to sulphate.
NaHSO3 + I2 + H2O

124. Answer (3)


Cu is soluble in concentrated H2SO4 because of high oxidising property of SO 42 , Cu converted to Cu+2.
125. Answer (4)
Fact.
126. Answer (1)
Iodine is weakest reducing agent so, it have highest oxidation potential.
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127. Answer (2)


F2 is highly reactive due to low activation energy for the reaction.
128. Answer (2)
HBr + Na2SO4
H2SO4 + NaBr

129. Answer (2)


SF6 is unreactive toward water because kinetically it is more stable.
130. Answer (2)
In case of Br2O bond angle is largest because less electronegativity and large size.
131. Answer (1)
132. Answer (1)
HClO4 > HBrO4 > HIO4
132a. Answer (3)

[JEE (Main)-2014]



HClO4 
 ClO4 H



HClO3 
 ClO3 H



HClO2 
 ClO2 H



HOCl 
 ClO H

Resonance produced conjugate base.

(i)

Cl

(ClO4 )

Cl

Cl

O
(ClO3)

Cl
O

Cl
O

Cl

O
O

Cl

(iii)

(ii)

Cl

Cl

(ClO )

(iv) ClO is not resonance stabilized.


As per resonance stability order of conjugate base is

ClO4 ClO3 ClO2 ClO


Hence acidic strength order is

HClO4 HClO3 HClO2 HClO


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Inorganic Chemistry

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133. Answer (2)


Due to polar bond, intermolecular interaction increase.
134. Answer (1)
ClF3 is most reactive interhalogen.
135. Answer (2)
On the basis of VSEPR theory.
136. Answer (3)
XeO3 is pyramidal due to presence of lone pair.
137. Answer (2)
Due to low ionisation energy.
138. Answer (1)
Ar about 1%.
139. Answer (2)

XeOF2 + 2HF.
XeOF4 + H2O
139a. Answer (4)

(AIEEE 2009)

XeF6 + 3H2O XeO3 + 6HF


140. Answer (2)
For (CH3)2S Lewis acidic strength of halide of Boron family is
GaCl3 > AlCl3 > BCl3
141. Answer (4)
Fact.
142. Answer (2)
C76 is a chiral molecule.
143. Answer (3)

I5 is not square planar.


144. Answer (3)
N2O3 is a blue liquid.
145. Answer (4)
Mg is one of the strong reducing agent. Therefore to reduce it a much stronger reducing agent will be required.
Thus only electrolytic reduction process is applicable for the extraction of magnesium from its salt. Now for
electrolytic reduction process if aqueous solution of Mg salt is used then H+ will be preferentially discharged at
cathode liberating H2 gas. Therefore electrolysis of molten salt should have been done.
146. Answer (1)

2FeO + 2SO2
2FeS + 3O2
FeSiO3
FeO + SiO2
( slag)

147. Answer (3)


Oxide of calcium (CaO) and sodium (Na2O) is stable towards reduction by carbon and cannot be reduced into
respective metals.
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148. Answer (3)


The sulphide ores are concentrated by froth floatation method as they are lighter and keep floating on water.
149. Answer (3)

CaCO3 CaO + CO2

CaO + SiO2 CaSiO3 (Slag)


150. Answer (2)
Ag2S + 4NaCN 2Na[ Ag(CN)2 ] + Na2S
(A)

2Na[Ag(CN)2] + Zn Na2[Zn(CN)4] + 2Ag


(B )

151. Answer (2)


The composition of ores are
FeldsparK AlSi3O8 fluorsparCaF2
CryoliteNa3AlF6 MicaAl2O3.2SiO2.2H2O
152. Answer (4)
Cu, Pb, Hg are obtained by self reduction process. In this process sulphide ore is first partially roasted in
presence of air to convert it into corresponding oxides and then the supply of air is cut off. Concentrated but
unroasted ore is now added to this roasted ore where sulphide and oxide react together forming metal.
153. Answer (3)
Boiling point and melting point of Zn is low and easily volatile metals, therefore can be purified by distillation.
154. Answer (3)
The fluorspar CaF2 is added in electrolytic reduction of alumina dissolved in fused cryolite Na3AlF6. The main
function of CaF2 is to lower the melting point.
154a. Answer (4)

[JEE (Main)-2015]

In Hall-Heroult process Al2O3 (molten) is electrolyte.


155. Answer (1)
When impure metal is heated and blast air is passed over the molten metal, the impurities get oxidised and
removed with the blast of air.
156. Answer (1)
Froth floatation method is based on preferential wetting properties with frothing agent and water.
157. Answer (3)
NaCN acts as depressant for ZnS, thus prevent it from the forming of froth.
158. Answer (2)

2Fe + 3CO2
Fe2O3 + 3CO
159. Answer (1)
German silver contains approximately Cu56%, Zn24%, Ni20%.
160. Answer (4)
ZnS is zinc blende, whereas HgS is called Cinnabar.
161. Answer (1)
Nitrate are soluble in water.
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Inorganic Chemistry

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162. Answer (2)


163. Answer (1)
The concentration of ore by the chemical method is known as leaching.
164. Answer (4)
Cryolite Na3AlF6
Mica K2O. 3Al2O3. 6SiO2. 2H2O
Felspar KAlSi3O8
Fluorspar CaF2
165. Answer (3)
166. Answer (3)
Ag2S 4NaCN 2Na[Ag(CN)2 ] Na2 S
Here the impurities left undissolved
167. Answer (2)
Argentite Ag2S
Cuprite CuS2
168. Answer (4)
169. Answer (3)
170. Answer (2)
171. Answer (2)
172. Answer (3)
173. Answer (3)
174. Answer (4)
174a. Answer (3)

(AIEEE 2012)

175. Answer (3)


176. Answer (2)
Ti and Ni are purified by Van Arkel and Mond process respectively.
177. Answer (4)
The most electropositive metal cannot be obtained by the electrolysis of salt of their aqueous solution but the
electrolysis of their fused salt because their reduction potential is very low than water.
178. Answer (1)
The process in which the metal is obtained in molten state is called smelting.
179. Answer (1)
Zn, Cd, Hg are d-block element but they do not contain any unpaired electron in atom or in ion so they are not
considered as transition metal.
180. Answer (4)
BeO have high lattice energy and low vapour pressure.
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181. Answer (3)


CN have high complexing power.
182. Answer (3)
Enthalpy does not change with temperature.
183 Answer (4)
Al, Zn, Ag can be purified by Electrolysis.
184. Answer (1)
Cu from its oxide
185. Answer (3)
Au+ goes for disproportionation reaction.
186. Answer (2)
Cs+Au so Au carries partial negative charge.
187. Answer (3)
CuSO4.5H2O blue coloured
[Cu(H2O)4] SO4.H2O
188. Answer (3)
Cu+2 form Cu2[Fe(CN)6].
189. Answer (4)
Mn2O7 is most acidic
190. Answer (2)
Due to charge transfer these are coloured

[JEE (Main)-2015]

190a. Answer (3)


Charge transfer spectra from ligand (L) to metal (M) is responsible for color of KMnO4.
191. Answer (1)
Ce+4 (4f)
192. Answer (1)
Fact
193. Answer (3)
AgBr Ag2S2O3 Na3[Ag(S2O3)2]
194. Answer (1)
HgCl2 + NH4OH NH2 Hg Cl
white
Mg2Cl2 + NH4OH Hg + NH2 Hg Cl
black
195. Answer (4)
% glod =

18
100 75
24

196. Answer (4)


Ag2CrO4 is red.
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Inorganic Chemistry

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197. Answer (1)


O3
glucose
Ag
Ag2O
gluconic acid + Ag

198. Answer (2)


75 90% Cu in bronze.
199. Answer (4)
All other metals of 3d series have positive value.
200. Answer (1)
All other have negative values except Cu.
201. Answer (4)
Due to Pseudo noble electronic configuration of Ag+.
202. Answer (1)
Cu+2 and V+4 both have one unpaired e in 3d.
203. Answer (1)
If number of unpaired e is same in d or f-orbital then colour due to d-d or f-f transition is same.
203a. Answer (1)

(AIEEE 2011)

Lanthanoid generally show the oxidation state of +3.


204. Answer (3)
Na2Cr2O7 is hygroscopic. So its solution cannot be taken as primary standard.
205. Answer (3)
W have highest melting point in 5d series.
206. Answer (3)
Due to its high ionisation energy and no unpaired e in d-orbital, metallic bonding is not strong.
207. Answer (2)
Fact.
208. Answer (3)
Cu+ + (CN)2
Cu+2 + CN

[Cu(CN)4]3
Cu+ + 4 CN
209. Answer (4)
Most common oxidation state of gold is +3.
210. Answer (4)
All these compound have metal-metal bonding.
211. Answer (3)
Hg have highest 1st ionisation energy, ionisation energy of Hg is about 1007 kJ/mole.
212. Answer (3)
Higher oxidation state of metal means acidic oxide.
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213. Answer (4)

Lu(OH)3
Ce(OH)3
Basic strength increase

Lu(OH)3 absorb CO2 from air and form carbonate.


214. Answer (3)
Pm.
215. Answer (1)
Malachite is Cu(OH)2.CuCO3. It is ore of Cu.
216. Answer (2)
Spiegeleisen is an alloy of iron manganese and carbon.
217. Answer (4)

FeCl3.6H2O Fe2O3
Fe(OH)3 + SO2 + HCl.
FeCl3.6H2O + SOCl2

218. Answer (2)


H2PtCl6 is the formula of chloroplatinic acid which is dibasic.
219. Answer (4)
Fact.
220. Answer (3)
Co-ordination number of Cr in Cr3O(CH3COO)6.3H2O is six.
221. Answer (3)
F is a weak field ligand.
222. Answer (3)
NO+ is a bonder and acceptor.
223. Answer (2)
NH3 is strong ligand for Co+3 and Co+3 is 3d6 system.
224. Answer (1)
Fact
225. Answer (1)
Fact.
226. Answer (2)
Linkage and geometrical isomer.

[JEE (Main)-2015]

226a. Answer (2)

a
d

Pt

Pt

Pt

b
d

as per question a = Cl, b = py, c = NH3 and d = NH2OH are assumed.


227. Answer (1)
[Pt(NH3 )2 Cl2 ] is square planar complex.

228. Answer (1)


Absence of plane of symmetry.
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229. Answer (2)


SCN is a ambidentate ligand
230. Answer (1)
Fact.
231. Answer (3)
Depend on number of e in d orbetal
232. Answer (4)

Fe 5C5H5 2
233. Answer (4)
Mn2Cl10 does not contain Mn-Mn bond.
234. Answer (4)
Fact
235. Answer (2)
In KFe[Fe(CN)6] both d-d transition and charge transfer is observed.
236. Answer (2)
SO2 gives green coloration with acidified K2Cr2O7.
237. Answer (1)
In Fe+2 no unpaired e is present so the total spin is zero.
238. Answer (1)
-amido bis [pentaamminecobalt(I) nitrate].
238a. Answer (1)

(AIEEE 2012)

239. Answer (3)


Isomer of [Co(NH3)6] [Cr(CN)6] is [Cr(NH3)6] [Co(CN)6].
240. Answer (4)
This compound will show optical isomerism, geometrical and linkage isomerism.
240a. Answer (1)

(AIEEE 2009)

SCN is an ambidentate ligand.


241. Answer (1)
EDTA is flexident ligand.
242. Answer (2)
CN has two donner site but at a time only one site will form co-ordinate bond.
243. Answer (3)
Due to hydrogen bonding.
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244. Answer (2)


Due to absence of symmetry.
244(a). Answer (3)

(AIEEE 2009)

en

en

NH3

en

en

Co
NH3

Co
NH3

NH3

244(b). Answer (3)

[JEE (Main)-2013]

[Co(NH3)3Cl3) has two geometrical isomers, namely fac. and mer. Both of them have a plane of symmetry.
So, they are not expected to show optical isomerism.

Cl
Cl

NH3
Co

NH3

Cl

NH3

Cl

NH3
Co

Cl

NH3

fac.

mer.

NH3
Cl

245. Answer (3)


[AuCl4], Au (III) have very strong tendency to form square planar complex.
246. Answer (3)
In Cu+2 one unpaired e is present, so magnetic momentum =

n (n 2) B.M.

247. Answer (1)


Due to low crystal field splitting energy and high paring energy, high spin complexes are favoured.
248. Answer (1)
Fe(+1).
249. Answer (2)
Two.
250. Answer (3)
27 3 + 12 = 36
So [27Co+3 (CN3)6] follow EAN rule.
251. Answer (3)
Cr+3 always have unpaired e in its complex.
252. Answer (1)
Due to high oxidation state and strong ligand CN [Fe(CN)6]3 is most stable among these.
253. Answer (1)
Halide donor < N donor < O donor < C donor.
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Inorganic Chemistry

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254. Answer (1)


Pentaamminecarbonatocobalt(III) chloride.
255. Answer (3)
Stronger will be ligand lower will be absorption wavelength and hence order of strength of ligand.
Cl < NH3 < CN
256. Answer (4)
All are donor and acceptor.
257. Answer (4)
Fact.
258. Answer (2)
[Ni(CO)4] contain no unpaired e.
259. Answer (1)
With carbonyl, metal possess zero or negative oxidation state.
260. Answer (1)
According to crystal field theory, bond between ligand and metal is ionic.
261. Answer (3)
K2[NiF6]
262. Answer (1)
The colour of [Ti(H2O)6]+3 is due to d-d transition.
263. Answer (4)
[CuCl4]2, Cu+2 may be dsp2 hybridisation.
264. Answer (3)
PH3 accept e in vacant d-orbital of P.
265. Answer (3)
CFSE is inversely proportional to size.
266. Answer (1)
In CuF64 two set of bond length are present.
267. Answer (1)
Four
268. Answer (3)
MA2B2

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