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BASIC SIGNAL COMMUNICATION

a. Signal Communication: Method or means or a combination thereof, of conveying


information of any kind from one person or place to another except direct conversation.
b.
Means of Communication: A medium by which a message is conveyed from one
person or place to another.
c. Agency of Communication : A facility which embraces the personnel and equipment
necessary to provide signal communication by any particular means of a combination thereof.
d. Tactical Radio Sets is the principal means of communication in tactical units. It use for
command, fire control, exchange of information and administrative purposes between & within
the units. It is especially adopted to rapid changing situation such as air ground ship to shore, air
to air communication. It also essential for communication impassable terrain or in large wire &
other means are impracticable to install.
MEANS OF COMMUNICATION
WIRE it is used as the principal means of commuication in all military units.
This means of commo embraces all equipment used for laying recovring wire,
battery operated & sound-powered telephones, switch boards & teletype equipment when their
use is authorized.
The operating range of wire commo varies, depending principally on the weather &
the condition of wire.
Wet weather, poor splices, & damage insulation are factors that greatly reduce its
operating range.
RADIO This means of communication is the most rapid one. It is most frequently used
for maintaining command, control, contact & direction in contact.
The radio has one distinct advantage over other means of commo. It has a relatively
high degree of mobility & flexibility, resulting from the fact that physical circuits are
unnecessary to establish commo between radio stations.
The radio set is the only adequate means of commo available in the fast moving
situations, such as armored attacks, amphibious operation, naval gun fire support, serial bombing
& straffing mission.
The radio can bridge gaps in a wire system & can provide commo accross a terrain
where the use of the other means of commo is not possible.
MESSENGER The use of messenger as a means of communication is preferred over
the rest when maps & classified documents are to be transmitted to other operating units.
Since time immemorial, messengers have been used as a means of commo. It is
no less important today as it was in times gone by.
It is the most secret means used by infantry units. Maps & classified documents
are delivered through this means. It also the best means for the transmission of long messages
over short distances.
VISUAL SIGNAL Is used to control the action of a small unis. Over the years, a
visual signal has been relegated to the role of an auxiliary means of communication.

Any signal that is received by the eye regardless of how it is transmitted,


is the common sense definition of a visual signal.
Flags, signal flares, & smoke signals have been used throughout the ages as
visual means of commo have been developed. These included light, pyrotechnics panels &
others.
They are most effective during day light or under conditions of clear
visibility. Otherwise, they are ineffecient means of commo.
SOUND SIGNAL This means of communications is used primarily to spread alarms.
Normally, it used to warn troops of an impending hostile air, mechanized, or gas attack.
Signal received by the unaided ear, regardless of the method of transmission,
are sound means of commo. They may be transmitted by whistles, bugler, horns, weapons, &
other noise-making devices. Pre-arranged messages are transmitted through this means.
They are rapid means of communication over short distance but their effective
range is greatly reduced by battle noises.
Like visual signals, they are not secure means of commo. Their use may be
prohibited for security reasons.
FAMILIARIZATION OF DIFFERENT RADIO EQUIPMENT
1. URC 773M
CHARACTERISTICS
A. Frequency modulated (fm)
b. Transmission range 10 kms (los)
c. Whip antenna
d. Man pack
e. Power source 12 vdc, 24 pcs ba 30, 12v wet cell btry
f. Press to talk (hand set)

2. PRC 77
CHARACTERISTICS
A. Frequency modulated (fm)
b. Transmission range 8 kms (los)
c. Whip antenna
d. Man pack
e. Power source 12 vdc, 20 pcs ba 30, 12v wet cell btry
f. Press to talk (hand set)
3. URC - 601
CHARACTERISTICS
A. Handheld
b. Press to talk
c. Whip antenna
d. Transmission range 3 to 4 kms (los)
e. Power source 8 pcs ba 30
4. URC 187
CHARACTERISTICS
A. Amplitude modulated (am)
b. Transmission range 40 kms (sky wave propagation)

c. Dipole antenna
d. Press to talk (hand set)
e. Power source 36 pcs ba-30, 12-24v wet cell btry
ADVANTAGES OF TACTICAL RADIO SETS:
1. SPEED OF INSTALLATION it is easy to establish than wire or other means of
communication.
2. FLEXIBLE it is no fixed circuit are required to be constructed.
3. It provide communication across terrain over which it may be impractical to install wire.
DISADVANTAGES OF TACTICAL RADIO SETS:
1. LACK OF SECURITY radio is the least secured means. It is always assumed that
interception every time the transmitter is place on operation.
2. Subject for interception radio is less vulnerable to enemy terrorist activity than wire, however,
it is subject for interference from precipitation & jamming to other mission.
FUNDAMENTAL OF TACTICAL RADIO COMMUNICATION:
1. RADIO NET a group of several stations working together in the same frequency.
2. Call sign a combination of pronounceable words that identifies the facility or station.
3. INDIVIDUAL CALL SIGN this call sign identifies a single call to any station within the
net.
4. COLLECTIVE CALL SIGN this call sign identifies two or more stations in particular
radio net but not all stations in the net.
5. NET CALL SIGN this call sign indetifies all radio station calling rnsmits the identify of
the station called as well as his own identity.
6. PRO WORDS are pronounceable words which have assigned meaning to facilitate
transmission by radio communication.
PROWORDS
A. OVER my transmition is ended & i expect a response from you
B. ROGER i received your last message statisfactorily.
C. OUT my transmission is ended & i expect no response from you.
D. WILCO i will comply to your instruction.
E. QUERY - clarification.
F. LIMA CHARLIE i received your message loud & clear.
G. SAY AGAIN - i did not understand your transmission, request repeat your last transmission.
H. REQUEST NET WITH can i talk with msg nemer of tsg obena.
I. WAIT ONE request that you wait for a minute.
J. READ BACK read back the message you have copied.
K. RADIO SILENCE cease transmission immediately, however, keep on lestining on the
same frequency.
L. BREA-BREAK stop your conversation & allow me to this net to transmit for an urgent
message.

PHONETIC ALPHABET
Pronunciation
LETTER
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z

PHONETIC

SPOKEN

ALPHA
AL FAH
BRAVO
BRA VOH
CHARLIE
CHAR LEE or SHUR LEE
DELTA
DEL TAH
ECHO
ECK OH
FOXTROT
FOXS TROT
GOLF
GOLF
HOTEL
HOH TELL
INDIA
IN DEE AH
JULIET
JEW LEE EIT
KILO
KEY LOH
LIMA
LEE MAH
MIKE
MIKE
NOVEMBER
NO VEM BER
OSCAR
OSS CAH
PAPA
PAH PAH
QUEBEC
KEH BECK
ROMEO
ROW MEOH
SIERRA
SEE AIR AH
TANGO
TAN GO
UNIFORM
YOU NEE FORM
VICTOR
VEK TAH
WHISKEY
WISS KEY
X-RAY
EEKS RAY
YANKEE
YANG KEY
ZULU
ZOO LOO