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SMART WASTE COLLECTING HOPPER (SWaCH)

PROJECT REFERENCE NO: 38S0113

COLLEGE

: M S RAMAIAH INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

BRANCH

: COMPUTER SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

GUIDE

:

PROF.SANJEETHA R

STUDENTS : MR. VIVIN T WILSON MR. SIDHARTHPANICKER

MR. MADHU VENKATESH MR. SNEHA G BHAT

Keywords: Arduino, Raspberry pi, waste collector, waste dispenser, IoT

  • 1. INTRODUCTION

India’s garbage generation stands at 0.2 to 0.6 kilograms of garbage per head per day. One of the major issues in urban areas is waste disposal. The task of waste disposal is very repetitive, unhygienic and dependent on human labour. The country’s per capita wastegeneration is so high, that it creates a crisis if the garbage collector doesn’t visit a neighbourhood for a couple of days. Lack of timely waste collection results in a huge pile ofgarbage in the city which in turn leads to an unhygienic environment.

This prevailing scenario compels the existence of a feasible substitute that can resolve the shortcomings of the current methodology of waste collection. The quest for such an alternative lead to the idea of SWaCH.

  • 2. OBJECTIVES

The objective of the project is to build an autonomous robot which collects waste from

predefined locations (say different shops in a mall, bed-to-bed in a hospital, house-to-house in a gated community) at the scheduled time, and helps in its disposal, thereby reducing human effort and labour cost.

  • 3. METHODOLOGY

The SWaCH system mainly consists of a metal chassis that holds the entire system together. It also consists of the Arduino Mega microcontroller board to control the various sensors and actuators. The Raspberry pi board is used as the brain of the system controlling the Arduino through serial communication enabled through the USB port.

In order to save power when SWaCH is not running, the Arduino is powered off by using a relay.

Figure 1: Power Circuit of th e SWaCH system The S WaCH syst em is turn
Figure
1: Power
Circuit of th e SWaCH system
The
S WaCH
syst em is
turn ed
on rem otely
by
a
server. A
user-frien dly web
portal is

provide d, with a u nique login

for every user. The

user can se lect his/her preferred t ime slot

during which to av ail the serv ices of the system. Ba sed on the timings set, the server will use a proto col to comm unicate th e route to b e taken to t he Raspberr y Pi.

The Ra spberry Pi is the brain of SWaCH , and contr ols the Ard uino, which

is like the nervous

system.

The data received b y the Pi is

formulated into comm ands, and

is then sen t to the

Arduin o, when as ked for. C onnected t o the Ardu ino, are se nsors and

actuators.

At every

checkp oint that S

WaCH reac hes, the Ar duino com municates w ith the Ra spberry Pi, in order

to recei ve comma nds as to w hat action t o take next .Once wast e collectio n from all s pecied

users is done, SWa CH returns back to its home posi tion.

SWaC H is armed

with an o bstacle av oidance

me chanism.

I t

has

the a bility

to d etect

an

obstacl e and awai t path clear ance. In ca ses of stati onary obst acles, the r obot takes

a detour

around the obstac le and relo cates its pa th. Also e quipped wi th it is a b uzzer, to n otify its

arrival

to

a user

who has

re quested fo r service. T he robot s ounds the

buzzer for

a fixed

 

duratio n, while w aiting for continu es on its jo urney.

the user.

I n

the

even t

that

the

user fails

to arrive,

SWaCH

4. RES ULTS & C ONCLUS IONS

SWaC H is a smart robot that provides ti mely, autom atic waste collection. The web po rtal that

is provi ded with th e service e nsures that it ishighly

user friendl y and cater s to all of th e user’s

needs.

The map p rovided on

the portal

tells the u ser the wh ere abouts

of SWaCH

at any

point, w hich keeps

the user in formed ab outits arriva l time. The

feature of a dispenser

adds to

the con venience, a s the user n eed only tr ansfer the waste to th e dispenser, the rest is handled

by SW aCH.The a uto-calibra te function

helps the

system wo rk in envir ronments o f varied

lighting

before ev ery run. T he ability

of the sys tem to det ect obstacl es and avo id them

imparts a sense of awareness to the syst em, further adding to its reliabili ty. The pre sence of

lids tha t cover the

dustbin to p help mai ntain hygie ne and a c leanliness i n its surro undings.

The pi ng sensor t hat waits

for one wa ve

to open

the

lid an d another

to close it , further

enhanc es the user interactivit y of the sys tem. The ad min login i s provided to handle a ny hitch the rob ot runs into . Every sin gle compo nent of SW aCH can b e individua lly tested.W hen the

task of waste colle ction is to be perform ed repetitiv ely for a la rge number ofhouses,

stores in

a mall

or bed aft er

bed at

a hospital,

SWaCH w ill be a co st- effecti ve and tim e-saving

alternat ive to hum an labour.

lids tha t cover the dustbin t o p help mai ntain hygi e ne and
lids tha t cover the dustbin t o p help mai ntain hygi e ne and

Figure 2: The colle ctor mount ed on the r obot

Figu re 3: Dispe nser installe d outside h ouses

lids tha t cover the dustbin t o p help mai ntain hygi e ne and
lids tha t cover the dustbin t o p help mai ntain hygi e ne and

Figure 4: Sign In o n Web Por tal

Figure 5 : User Prof ile Page on Web Porta l

5. SCO PE FOR F UTURE W

ORK

A possi ble upgrad e would be using NFC tags to cre ate a path f or navigati on, rather th an line-

followi ng. Also,

to enable

floor-to-flo or navigat ion, transm itter-receiv er commu nication

betwee n the robot and lift cou ld be used. Load and level senso rs could be added supp lements to dete ct the load collected. T o enhance the usabili ty, dry and wet waste segregatio n can be employ ed in future . An additi onal smart feature wou ld be the a bility to aut o-charge.

An improvised and technically more advanced version of SWaCH can be designed to collect harmful waste from nuclear and chemical plants. This would be a safer alternative over existing methods that involve humans in harmful waste collection. Besides being a time saving alternative, it would be a secure resource to employ. For SWaCH to be enhanced, it should be redesigned. The body will have to be made of lead, as it doesn’t let nuclear radiations to pass through. The system however cannot be retrieved after usage, due to presence of harmful radiation. In massive industries, where large number of components must be transferred across workstations, SWaCH can be redesigned and employed. In these scenarios, the task is rather repetitive and dependent on human labour which will slow down the task. SWaCH must go through considerable redesign and enhancement of parts to cope with the scale and can then be applied in such scenarios.