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SET - 1
Code No: X0122
II B.Tech I Semester (R07) Regular Examinations, Nov- 2009

ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING


(Com. to CE,ME, AME)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions

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All Questions carry equal marks

1. a) Define ohm’s law.

b) When the resistance of two wires is 25 Ω when connected in series and 6Ω hen
connected in parallel. Calculate the resistance of each wire. [6+10]

2. With neat sketches, explain the construction and functions of the various parts of a d.c.
Generator [16]

3. a) What is a transformer? [6+10]


b) A 25 kVA transformer has 500 turns on the primary and 50 turns on the secondary
winding. The primary is connected to 3000V, 50 Hz supply. Find the full-load primary
and secondary currents, the secondary emf and maximum flux in the core. Neglect
leakage drops and no-load primary current.
4. A 3-phase, star-connected, 5 kVA, 400 V, 50 Hz, 4-pole alternator has the following test
data at rated speed :

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Exciting 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 6.0 8.0
current in
(Amps)
Per phase 75 140 173 202 224 240 250 257 260 263 266 271
O.C volts(V)
S.C line 3.6 7.2 10.8
current(A)

Armature resistance per phase is 2 Ω,

a) Draw the O.C and S.C characteristics on a squared graph paper and then determine
unsaturated value of synchronous reactance per phase in Ohms
b) Determine the percentage voltage regulation at rated load at 0.8 p.f lag and lead by
synchronous impedance method under un- saturated condition [16]

5. Explain the essential requirements of indicating instruments? Explain each of them[16]


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SET - 1
Code No: X0122

6. Draw and explain the V-I characteristics of a P-N junction diode. (16)
7. Briefly explain the working of Cathode Ray Oscilloscope with a neat sketch? ( 16)
8. a) One NPN transistor is used in the self biasing arrangement the circuit component

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values are VCC = 4.5volts, Rc=1.5kΩ,Re =0.27kΩ ,and R1=27kΩ if β=44.Find the
stability factor and also determine the quiescent point Q (Vce, Ic)? (8)
b) What is the transistor biasing? (8)

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SET - 2
Code No: X0122
II B.Tech I Semester (R07) Regular Examinations, Nov- 2009

ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING


(Com. to CE,ME, AME)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions

www.andhracolleges.com
All Questions carry equal marks
1. Two resistances of 10 and 40 respectively are connected in parallel. A third
resistance of 5 is connected in series with the combination and a D.C supply of 240 V
is applied to the ends of the completed circuit. Calculate the current in each resistance.
[16]
2. a) Derive the equation for the voltage generated in a d.c generator.
b) Calculate the emf generated by a 6 pole lap wound armature with 65 slots and 12
conductors per slot, when driven at 1000 rpm. The flux/pole is 0.02 Wb. [8+8]

3. a) What is the basic principle of a transformer? [6+10]


b) A 40 kVA , 2200/200V transformers has iron loss of 450 and a full load copper loss of
800W. Determine the percentage efficiency of the transformer at 0.8 p.f at half full load .

4. The OC and SC tests data on a 3-phase, 1MVA, 3.6 kV, star connected alternator is
given below
If Amps 60 70 80 90 100 110
OC Volts 2560 3000 3360 3600 3800 3960

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SC Amps 180

The resistance measured between the terminals is 2Ω. Find the % regulation at full load
0.707 p.f lag and 0.8 p.f lead by synchronous impedance method. [16]

5. What is the essential torques’s of an indicating instrument? Justify their necessity (16)

6. a) Explain the working of P-N junction diode. (12)

b) Explain the application of P-N junction diode. (4)

7. a) Define the following terms [6]


(i) Accuracy, (ii) Precision, (iii) Sensitivity
b) Describe the operation of Storage Oscilloscope? [10]

8. a) What is the emitter bias circuit? [8]


b) Derive the stability factor of the self bias circuit? [8]
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Code No: X0122


SET - 3
II B.Tech I Semester (R07) Regular Examinations, Nov- 2009

ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING


(Com. to CE,ME, AME)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

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Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
1. a) Distinguish between
i). potential difference
ii). electromotive force.

(b) Two resistance R1 and R2 are connected in parallel and if the current entering the
parallel combination is I. Calculate the values of currents I1, I2 flowing in the resistance
R1, R2 in terms I, R1 R2. [8+8]

2. A lap connected d.c. generator has 8 poles and 120 slots with 8 conductors in each slot.
If the flux/pole is 0.035 Wb. (i) Find the emf generated when the speed is 600 rpm.
(ii) What should be the speed of rotation if the induced emf is to be 500 V. [16]

3. a) Define step-up and step-down transformer? [6+10]

b) a 20 kVA, single-phase transformer has 20 turns on the primary and 40 turns on the
secondary. The primary is connected to 1000V, 50Hz supply .Determine

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i) The secondary voltage on open circuit,
ii) The current flowing through the two windings on full-load,
ii) The maximum value of flux.

4. The following test results are obtained on a 6600V alternator.

OC voltage in volts 3100 4900 6400 7500 8300


Field current in amps 16 25 37.5 50 70

A field current of 20Amps is required to circulate full load current as short circuit of
armature. Calculate full load regulation at 0.8 p.f lag by synchronous impedance method.
(Assume the rating of alternator as 1MVA) [16]
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SET - 3
Code No: X0122

5. Discuss the necessity of damping in indicating instruments and explain eddy current
damping. (16)

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6. The turns ratio of a transformer used in a half-wave rectifier is n1:n2=12:1. The primary is
connected to the power mains: 220V, 50Hz, Assuming the diode resistance in forward
bias to be zero, calculate the dc voltage across the load. What is the Peak Inverse Voltage
(PIV) of the diode? (16)

7. a) Explain the principle of operation of a Dual beam Oscilloscope? [8]


b) Explain the principle of operation of Sampling Oscilloscope? [8]

8. a)Explain about the need for biasing in electronic circuits, what are the factors affecting
the stability Factor? [8]
b) Draw the collector to base bias circuit and derive the expression for the stability
factor? [8]

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Code No: X0122


SET - 4
II B.Tech I Semester (R07) Regular Examinations, Nov- 2009

ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING


(Com. CE,ME, AME)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

www.andhracolleges.com
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
1. a) Define kirchoff’s mesh law or voltage law.
b) Two batteries A and B are connected in parallel and a total load of 10 is connected across
their terminals. ‘A’ battery has an e.m.f of 12V and internal resistance of 2 and ‘B’ battery
has an e.m.f of 8V and an internal resistance of 1 . Using Kirchoff’s laws find the current
flowing in each battery and also find potential difference across the external resistance. [6+10]

2. An 8 pole DC generator has per pole flux of 40mWb and winding is connected in lap
with 960 conductors. Calculate the generated EMF on open circuit when it runs at 400
rpm. If the armature is wave wound at what speed must the machine be driven to
generate the same voltage. [16]

3. a) What are the classifications of transformer? [6]

B) A 6600/440V, single phase 600 kVA transformer has 1200 primary turns. Find

i)Transformation ratio, ii)secondary turns, iii) voltage/turn, iv) secondary current when it
supplies a load of 400 kW at 0.8 p.f lagging . [10]

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4. a) Why do we prefer field winding of an alternator as a rotating element and armature as
a stationary element, give reasons. [8+8]
b)A 3-phase star connected alternator is rated at 1500kVA, 12kV the armature effective
resistance and synchronous reactance are 2ohms and 10ohms respectively. Calculate %
regulation for a load of 120kW at 0.8 p.f lag and 0.707 p.f lead.

5. a) Explain how controlling torque is developed in indicating instruments? (8+8)

b) The torque of an ammeter varies as the square of the current through it. If a current of 5A
produces a deflection of 900, What deflection will occur for a current of 3A when the instrument
is i) spring controlled , ii) gravity controlled.

6. The turns ratio of the transformer used in a half-wave rectifier n1:n2 = 12:1. The primary
is connected to 220V, 50Hz power mains. Assuming that the diode voltage to be zero,
find the dc voltage across the load. What is the PIV of each diode? If the same dc voltage
is certained by using a centre-taped rectifier, what is the PIV? (16)
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Code No: X0122


SET - 4

7. a) Define error and resolution? [ 6]


b) Describe the applications of CRO? [10]

8.

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a) Draw the fixed bias circuits and derive the expression for the stability factor? [8]
b)Draw the self bias circuit and obtained the expression for the stability factor? [8]

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