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APTIS Reading Part 4 - Paragraph Heading

1. Question
His career has been an extraordinary one. He is a man of good birth and
excellent education, endowed by nature with a phenomenal mathematical
faculty. At the age of twenty-one he wrote a paper on the Binomial Theorem,
in a European style. It was so good that he won the Mathematical Chair at
one of our smaller universities, and had, to all appearance, a promising
career before ahead of him.
Question: What would be a good heading to this paragraph?

Sherlock Holmes' background

The birth of Sherlock Holmes
the writing of the treaties
Sherlock Holmes' newest career

Answer: Sherlock Holmes' background

2. Question
There was an old man. He stood near the middle of the road in the heat and
sunshine. He stood with hands in the pockets of his long coat, and his head
was looking at the floor. Even though the weather was very hot, it looked like
he was cold.
Question: what is the most suitable heading for this paragraph?

What the old man was doing

The old man's face
The temperature in the street
The shape of the old man

Answer: What the old man was doing

3. Question
We had the train carriage to ourselves, but there were a lot of papers on the
floor. James was picking the papers up and reading them one by one. At the
same time, he was note-taking and stopping occasionally to think. This
lastest until we were past Reading. Then he suddenly rolled them all into a
gigantic ball and tossed them out onto the rack. Have you heard anything of
the case? he asked.
Question: What is the most suitable heading for this paragraph?

He tossed up the papers

The papers on the floor
The journey by train
Reading the papers

Answer: The journey by train

4. Question
Yes, have you not heard? Poor father has never been strong for years back,
but this has made him very sick. He only lies on his bed, and Dr. Willows says
that he is a wreck and that his nervous system is very bad. Mr. McCarthy was
the only man alive who had known dad in the old days in Victoria.
Question: What is the most suitable heading for this paragraph?

Her father's car has broken down

A father's sickness
her father is very strong
Her father wrecked the car

Answer: A father's sickness

5. Question
He is a genius, a philosopher, an abstract thinker. He has a clever and
calculating brain. He sits still, like a spider in the center of its web, but that
web has a thousand strings. He knows the movement of each line. He does
little himself. He only plans.
Question: What is the mans sitting compare to?

A brain
A Spider
A web

Answer: A Spider
6. Question
Autumn came. The clouded sky descended to the hills; and the dead leaves
were moving under naked trees until the wind. From morning until night you
could see the hills and buildings under the wet clouds. The bright summer
skies were now grey and looked over the dark land. There was a road leading
straight through the area and stretched for hundreds of miles. You could see
it all the way to the horizon.
Question: what is the paragraph describing?

The Sky
What could be seen
Wet clouds
The landscape

Answer: What could be seen

7. Question
He is a genius, a philosopher, an abstract thinker. He has a clever and
calculating brain. He sits still, like a spider in the center of its web, but that

web has a thousand strings. He knows the movement of each line. He does
little himself. He only plans.
What is the best heading for this paragraph?

The man's personality

The man's philosophy
the man's spider
The man is a spider

Answer: The man's personality

8. Question
1. A)_________Albert Einstein was a German-born physicist who developed
one of the most important theories within science. He is known as arguably
the smartest man who lived and is credited with showing the world the
general y of relativity, which is a theory explaining the universe.
2. B)_________He received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921, but not for
relativity. His theories of special and general relativity are of great
importance to many branches of physics and astronomy. They have been
confirmed by many experiments and observations.
3. C)_________ Einstein is well known for his theories about light, matter,
gravity, space, and time. His most well known equation is . It means that
energy and mass are different forms of the same thing.
4. D)_________Einstein published more than 300 scientific papers and over
150 non-scientific works. He received honorary doctorate degrees in science,
medicine and philosophy from many European and American universities.
5. E)_________Near the beginning of World War II, he warned President
Franklin D. Roosevelt that Germany might be developing an atomic weapon.
He recommended that the U.S. begin nuclear weapons research. That
research, begun by a newly established Manhattan Project, resulted in the

U.S. becoming the first and only country to have nuclear weapons during the
6. F)_________Einstein often appears in movies and tv shows when characters
need help from a genius. Moreover, in popular culture, people are called
Einsteins if they suggest good ideas or show great intelligence.
1. Einsteins academic achievements
2. Who Albert Einstein was
3. Einstein in the media
4. Why Einstein is famous
5. Einsteins contribution to the Second World War
6. His early awards
A. Who Albert Einstein was
B. His early awards
C. Why Einstein is famous
D. Einsteins academic achievements
E. Einsteins contribution to the Second World War
F. Einstein in the media

9. Question
Tartan is a pattern consisting of criss-crossed horizontal and vertical bands in
multiple colours. Tartan is usually associated with Scotland. Scottish kilts, or
garments wrapped around mens waists, almost always have tartan patterns.
Tartans originated in woven wool, but now they are made in many other
materials. It is made with alternating bands of coloured threads woven as
both warp and weft at right angles to each other. The patterns are simply
different checked-cloth patterns, chosen by the wearers preference It was
not until the mid-nineteenth century that many patterns were created and
artificially associated with Scottish clans, families, or institutions who were
(or wished to be seen as) associated in some way with a Scottish heritage.
In Scotland, the Dress Act of 1746 attempted to bring the warrior clans under
government control by banning the tartan and other aspects of Gaelic
culture. When the law was taken away in 1782, it was no longer ordinary
Highland dress, but was instead used as the symbolic national dress of
Until the middle of the nineteenth century, the highland tartans were only
associated with either regions or districts, rather than any specific Scottish
clan. This was because tartan designs were produced by local weavers and
would usually only use the natural dyes available in that area.
It is generally stated that the most popular tartans today are the Black Watch
(also known as Old Campbell, Grant Hunting, Universal, Government), and
the Royal Stewart.

Today tartan is no longer limited to textiles, but is used on non-woven
mediums, such as paper, plastics, packaging, and wall coverings.
A. Description of tartan
B. The popularity of tartan
C. What tartan is
D. Tartan history during the 1700s
E. Post 1700s tartan history
F. Present use of tartan
1. What tartan is
2. Description of tartan
3. Tartan history during the 1700s
4. Post 1700s tartan history
5. The popularity of tartan
6. Present use of tartan

10. Question
1._________Nokia is a Finnish multinational technology company. It was
founded in 1865 and its headquarters run from Espoo, Uusimaa.

2. _________ Nokia was created by Fredrik Idestam a mining engineer in 1865.

It started as a pulp mill which made items like toilet paper. It then expanded
into making electricity and telephone cables. In the 1970s, it started making
military equipment for Finlands army, and in 1981 it opened the Mordic
Mobilemdc Telephone service which was the worlds first international
cellular network.
3. _________ Nokia previously dominated the mobile phone markets and
helped to develop technologies such as GSM and LTE. However, since the
iPhone, Nokia joined with Microsoft to make Windows phones. In September
2013, Microsoft bought Nokias mobile phone business for 5.44 billion.
4. _________In 2014, Nokia employed over 61,000 employees across 120
countries and reported revenues of around 12.73 billion. This makes it the
274th largest company e world. It is a public limited-liability company which
is listed on three stock exchanges.








infrastructures and technology licensing. In early 2016, it bought French

company Alcaltel-Lucent to expand their network equipment, wireless
technology and service.
A. Overview
B. Nokia in the telecoms market
C. Nokia today
D. History of Nokia
E. Nokias economic facts

1. Overview
2. History of Nokia
3. Nokia in the telecoms market
4. Nokias economic facts
5. Nokia today

11. Question
A. _________The Siberian Husky is a medium-sized working dog. It is very
quick and graceful. They have a compact, or thick, and furry body. Their ears
are pointed and they have a bushy tail. Their coats are usually a mix of
white, black and grey.
B. _________Huskies show a balance of power, speed, and endurance which
means they can run for a very long time. Males are usually thicker than the
females. This means they are used to travel across snow and ice in places
such as Alaska and Russia. There are even competitions featuring Husky
C. _________The personalities of the Sibrerian husky is friendly and gentle.
They love going outside and can stay alerts for long periods of time. They
like to explore different places and are not aggressive like other dogs. These
qualities with their intelligence make Huskies a popular pet.
D. _________Huskies are often used in media. For example, with the story of
the Great Race of Mercy, dogs Balto and Togo famous. They usually appear
in movies and cartoons featuring trips to icy and snowy places. An example,








Match the correct heading to the correct paragraph. Type the correct letter in
its space.
1. Advantages of Huskies
2. Husky appearance
3. Huskies in the media
4. The Huskys personality
A. Husky appearance
B. Advantages of Huskies
C. The Huskys personality
D. Huskies in the media
12. Question
Shanghai is the largest Chinese city by population and is one of the four
direct-controlled municipalities of China, with a population of more than 24
million as of 2014. It is a global financial center, and transport hub with the
worlds busiest container port.
Shanghai is located in the Yangtze River Delta in East China, and borders the
provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang to the north, south and west, and is
bounded to the east by the East China Sea.

For centuries it was a major administrative, shipping, and trading town, and
grew in importance in the 19th century due to its location and economic
potential. The city was one of five forced open to foreign trade following the
British victory over China in the First Opium War. After some time the city
then flourished as a center of commerce between east and west. However,
after the Communist Party takeover of the mainland in 1949, trade focused
on socialist countries, and the citys global influence declined. In the 1990s,
Deng Xiaoping started economic reforms which led to re-development of the
city, and foreign investment to the city.
Shanghai is a popular tourist destination renowned because of its historical
landmarks such as The Bund, City God Temple and Yu Garden as well as the
extensive Lujiazui skyline, many skyscrapers, and major museums including
the Shanghai Museum and the China Art Museum. It has been described as
the showpiece of the booming economy of mainland China.
Type the correct letter next the paragraph number.
A. Future developments in Shanghai
B. Shanghai's history
C. The location of Shanghai
D. Shanghai overview
E. The population of Shanghai
F. Tourism in Shanghai
1. Shanghai overview

2. The location of Shanghai

3. Shanghai's history
4. Tourism in Shanghai
13. Question
A. _________Antigua is an island in the West Indies, North America, and is the
main island of the country of Antigua and Barbuda. It was previously part of
the British Empire, but gained independence in 1968.
B. _________Antigua means ancient in Spanish was named after a location
in Spain. It has another name, Waladli which comes from the natives who
lived there before it was found by the Europeans.
C. _________Because it is an island, Antigua has a coastline of 87km2. Its
total area equals 281km2 over two islands. Highest point is the mountain
Boggy Peak which stands at about 402 metres.
D. _________Though the islands are small, the population is over 80,000. The
largest city is the capital St. Johns which contains a third of the population at
32,000. In terms of the ethnic groups or races, 91% are black African, 4.4%
of other mixed races while 1.7% are white.
E. _________The country is heavily reliant on tourism. In 201, 244,000 people
visited Antigua. There are many hotels and resorts around the coastlines and
numerous airlines have regular flights to its international airport. The country
also makes money from banking and medical visits to theUniversity of Health
Sciences Antigua (UHSA) and the American University of Antigua (AUA)
College of Medicine.
1. What Antigua is and history

2. Economy of the island

3. The names of the island
4. Geography of Antigua
5. Population of Antigua
A. What Antigua is and history
B. The names of the island
C. Geography of Antigua
D. Population of Antigua
E. Economy of the island
14. Question
Google DeepMind is a British artificial intelligence company founded in 2010.
The company has created a neural network that learns how to play video
games in a way similar to the human brain. It also has access an external
memory which means that it resembles the short-term memory of the
human brain.
The goal of Deepmind Technologies is to combine machine learning and
artificial neuroscience. This is known is solve intelligence or copying the
brain system. At this moment, the company is focusing on publishing
research on computer systems that are able to play games.
In October 2015, a computer Go program called AlphaGo, powered by
DeepMind, beat the European Go champion Fan Hui, five to zero. This is the

first time an artificial intelligence (AI), or intelligent computer defeated a

professional player. In March 2016, it beat the World Go champion, four to
Though the technology is advanced, it has competition from other AIs, such
as IBMs Deep Blue or Watson, but these were developed for a specific
purpose and can only complete specific tasks. DeepMinds creators claim
that their system learns from experiences. If you give it a task, it begins to
understand how to complete it, and after some time it learns to undertake it
more efficiently than any human ever could. Who knows what the future has
in store form Deepmind?
Match the correct heading to the correct paragraph.
Type the correct letter next to the paragraph
A. Examples of its use
B. Publications by AlphaGo
C. What Google Deepmind is
D. The goal of the company
E. How it differs from other computers
F. Google Deepmind compares to Watson
1. What Google Deepmind is
2. The goal of the company
3. Examples of its use
4. How it differs from other computers

15. Question
A. _________The tiger is a carnivorous animal which means it eats meat. It is
the largest member of the cat family, which includes, lions, leopard, house
cats and Jaguars.
B. _________Tigers only naturally live in Asia in countries such as India, China
and Siberia.
C_________ Bengal tigers live in a jungle called the Sundarbansin Bangladesh
and West and Bengal of India. They are also found in other south-east Asian
D. _________They have orange fur with black stripes, and a white belly. The
black stripes usually reach the white underside. The stripes are used to keep
them hidden or camouflaged while hunting. Each tiger has a different pattern
of stripes.there are also tigers with different colours. Some are white and can
have blue or green eyes.
E. _________Tigers very in size. Siberian tigers are the largest. Males can grow
to 6 feet long and weigh 50lb. Females are slightly smaller.










mammals.some examples are deer, monkeys, wild pigs and other Asian
animals. Some tigers may eat up to 50 pounds of meat a day. Tigers kill their
prey by holding down on the preys throat.This means that the prey cannot
G. _________Tigers are becoming very rare, because people hunt them for
their skin. There are only 3,500 Bengal tigers in the wild, and there are only
20 or 30 South-Chinese tigers remaining.
Put the correct letter next to the paragraph.
1. Tiger appearance

2. Tiger diet
3. Overview of tigers
4. Location of tigers
5. Size of tigers
6. The present situation of tigers

7. Habitats of Bengal tigers

A. Overview of tigers
B. Location of tigers
C. Habitats of Bengal tigers
D. Tiger appearance
E. Size of tigers
F. Tiger diet
G. The present situation of tigers
16. Question
1. _________The Arctic ocean is the ocean around the North Pole. During the
winter it is covered in ice and snow, and this remaining during most of the
2. _________The Ocean is about 14.056 million km2, which makes it the
worlds smallest ocean. The middle or central surface is covered by about 3
meters of ice. It also has around 45,389 kilometres of coastline, which is the

areas which touch land. The average depth of the Ocean is 1,038 feet, while
the deepest point is 5u,450 m at the Euraisan Basin.
3. _________Due to the environment, the Arctic is very difficult to get to only
certain vehicles can enter and move across it. An icebreaker or a nuclearpowered submarine can use the Arctic Ocean to go between the Pacific and
Atlantic oceans.
4. _________The Arctic Ocean has a polar climate. This means that the nights
are cold, weather is stable and the skies are usually clear. The average
temperature is just above the freezing point of sea water at -1.8 C. However
recently, the temperature has risen causing the ice to melt.
5. _________There are many animals which live in this region. Endangered
animals such as the walrus and whales. In contrast, there are very few plant
species examples include Phytoplankon which is very importantly ocean life.
A. Access to the Arctic Ocean
B. The size of the Arctic Ocean
C. Climate of the Arctic Ocean
D. native creatures in the ocean
E. What the Arctic ocean is
1. What the Arctic ocean is
2. The size of the Arctic Ocean
3. Access to the Arctic Ocean

4. Climate of the Arctic Ocean

5. native creatures in the ocean
17. Question
A star is a bright sphere of plasma held together by its own gravity. The Sun
is the closest star to the planet Earth. We can see other stars using only our
eyes during the night, but they only look like small fixed lights. Historically,
the most important stars were put into groups called constellations and
asterisms, while the brightest stars gained proper names. Over the years,
catalogues of stars have been collected by astronomers, due to
improvements in telescope technology.
The star shines due to thermonuclear fusion of hydrogen into helium in its
core, or centre. This releases energy that flows into outer space. When the
hydrogen in the core of a star is finished, it will grow in size and then
collapses to become a white dwarf, neutron star or black hole.
Astronomers are people who study stars. They can find its size and age,
chemical composition, and many other properties. They find these facts by
observing a stars motion through space, how it moves through space and its
More is being discovered about stars every year and as new techniques and
telescopes are developed, we wil find plenty of surprises.
Paragraph heading: Put the letter of the heading in the correct
A) Overview of stars
B) How stars work

C) the size of the star

D) How stars are studied
E) the future of stars
F) The temperature of stars
1. Overview of stars
2. How stars work
3 . How stars are studied
4. the future of stars