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Do not delete this graphic elements in here: 1830 Photonic Service Switch 36/32/16 (PSS-36 /

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

1830 Photonic Service Switch 36/32/16

(PSS-36 / PSS-32 / PSS-16)

Operation and Maintenance

TOP30003

Release 3.6.0

July 2011

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

STUDENT GUIDE

Terms of Use and Legal Notices

1. Safety Warning

Both lethal and dangerous voltages may be present within the products used herein. The user is strongly advised not to wear conductive jewelry while working on the products. Always observe all safety precautions and do not work on the equipment alone.

The equipment used during this course may be electrostatic sensitive. Please observe correct anti-static precautions.

2. Trade Marks

Alcatel-Lucent is trademark of Alcatel-Lucent.

All other trademarks, service marks and logos (“Marks”) are the property of their respective holders, including Alcatel- Lucent. Users are not permitted to use these Marks without the prior consent of Alcatel-Lucent or such third party owning the Mark. The absence of a Mark identifier is not a representation that a particular product or service name is not a Mark.

Alcatel-Lucent assumes no responsibility for the accuracy of the information presented herein, which may be subject to change without notice.

3. Copyright

This document contains information that is proprietary to Alcatel-Lucent and may be used for training purposes only. No other use or transmission of all or any part of this document is permitted without Alcatel-Lucent‟s written permission, and must include all copyright and other proprietary notices. No other use or transmission of all or any part of its contents may be used, copied, disclosed or conveyed to any party in any manner whatsoever without prior written permission from Alcatel-Lucent.

Use or transmission of all or any part of this document in violation of any applicable legislation is hereby expressly prohibited.

User obtains no rights in the information or in any product, process, technology or trademark which it includes or describes, and is expressly prohibited from modifying the information or creating derivative works without the express written consent of Alcatel-Lucent.

All rights reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

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Terms of Use and Legal Notices [cont.]

4. Disclaimer

In no event will Alcatel-Lucent be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental or consequential damages, including lost profits, lost business or lost data, resulting from the use of or reliance upon the information, whether or not Alcatel- Lucent has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

Mention of non-Alcatel-Lucent products or services is for information purposes only and constitutes neither an endorsement, nor a recommendation.

This course is intended to train the student about the overall look, feel, and use of Alcatel-Lucent products. The information contained herein is representational only. In the interest of file size, simplicity, and compatibility and, in some cases, due to contractual limitations, certain compromises have been made and therefore some features are not entirely accurate. Please refer to technical practices supplied by Alcatel-Lucent for current information concerning Alcatel-Lucent equipment and its operation, or contact your nearest Alcatel-Lucent representative for more information.

The Alcatel-Lucent products described or used herein are presented for demonstration and training purposes only. Alcatel- Lucent disclaims any warranties in connection with the products as used and described in the courses or the related documentation, whether express, implied, or statutory. Alcatel-Lucent specifically disclaims all implied warranties, including warranties of merchantability, non-infringement and fitness for a particular purpose, or arising from a course of dealing, usage or trade practice.

Alcatel-Lucent is not responsible for any failures caused by: server errors, misdirected or redirected transmissions, failed internet connections, interruptions, any computer virus or any other technical defect, whether human or technical in nature.

5. Governing Law

The products, documentation and information contained herein, as well as these Terms of Use and Legal Notices are governed by the laws of France, excluding its conflict of law rules. If any provision of these Terms of Use and Legal Notices, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid for any reason, unenforceable including, but not limited to, the warranty disclaimers and liability limitations, then such provision shall be deemed superseded by a valid, enforceable provision that matches, as closely as possible, the original provision, and the other provisions of these Terms of Use and Legal Notices shall remain in full force and effect.

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in full force and effect. 3 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

Course Outline

About This Course

1. Hardware

PSS-32 shelf

PSS-16 shelf

PSS-36 shelf

Flex shelf

1830 network element

2. Management Interfaces

PSS-32/16 shelf

PSS-36 shelf

Common interfaces

3. NE Setup and Testing

PSS-32/16 shelf

PSS-36 shelf

4. System Turn-up and Testing

5. Maintenance

6. Wavelength Tracker

7. NE Administration

Appendix A. Circuit Packs

Power filters

Controllers

Optical Transponders

Amplifiers

Filters

Associated cards

Appendix B. DWDM Overview

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L0 - About

About this Course

1830 PSS-36/32/16 Operation and Maintenance

This course is designed to enable you to Identify 1830 PSS-36/32/16 capabilities, Release 3.6.0 hardware and software features, craft interfaces used to monitor

and provision the system.

The intended audience for this course is Technicians and Maintenance personnel.

The course length is 24 hours (4 days)

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Welcome

Bienvenue

欢迎

Bienvenidos

Willkommen Benvenuti Bem-vindo Добро пожаловать Welkom

2011 Welcome Bienvenue 欢迎 Bienvenidos Willkommen Benvenuti Bem-vindo Добро пожаловать Welkom

L0 - About

Introductions

Introduction for instructor:

Name

Title, location

Experiences

Introductions and student information:

Your name

Current position and job function

How long you have worked in the telecommunications industry

What is your experience with SONET/SDH, DWDM, CWDM and Ethernet

technologies, routers and related systems

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routers and related systems 6 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L0 - About

Classroom Materials

Review student materials and classroom guidelines:

Student Guide and customer documentation

Classroom and lab setup, questions, breaks, etc.

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L0 - About

Course Objectives

This is a 4 day classroom and hands-on course and upon completion of this course, you should be able to:

1.

Identify common network applications.

2.

Identify 1830 PSS-36/32/16 components and their use.

3.

Identify shelf, circuit pack, and cabling requirements.

4.

Describe proper circuit pack placement in the 1830 PSS-36/32/16 shelf.

5.

Perform 1830 PSS-36/32/16 setup, turn-up and testing.

6.

Identify features in the current software release.

7.

Describe OAM&P functions and interfaces for the 1830 PSS-36/32/16.

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for the 1830 PSS-36/32/16. 8 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L0 - About

Reason for Reissue

Reason for Reissue This document is being reissued to include information for 1830 PSS-36/PSS- 32/PSS-16 Release 3.6.0 features.

Scope The following components are supported in this release:

1830 PSS-36/32/16

1830PSS-36/32/16 shelves R3.6.0 new hardware and software

All features supported in R3.5 on the shelves will be inherited

Engineering Planning Tool

EPT R3.6

Network Management Systems

1354RM-PHM R8.6

1350 OMS R9.5.0.1

1340 INC R24.1

5620 Service Aware Manager R9.0 R7

Commissioning Power Balancing Tool

R3.6

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Power Balancing Tool • R3.6 9 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L0 - About

Reason for Reissue

New for Release 3.6.0

The New hardware products include:

Enhanced 43SCX4 (4x10Gb/s coherent muxponder)

WR8-88A wavelength router card 9x1 WSS, 50GHz channel spacing

ITLU unidirectional interleaver card

1x4 mesh extension pack (external coupler card)

PFDC60 60 amp DC power filter (PSS-32)

coupler card) • PFDC60 60 amp DC power filter (PSS-32) Also included in this release: •

Also included in this release:

GMPLS control plane (release 3.6.1)

WTOCM, 11DPM12, 11QPA4, enhancements

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L0 - About

Customer Documentation

L0 - About Customer Documentation 11 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent
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L0 - About

Customer Documentation OLCS (OnLine Customer Support)

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(OnLine Customer Support) 12 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L0 - About

1830 PSS Related Training

TOP30003 Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-36/32/16 Operation and Maintenance TOP30004 Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-36/32/16
TOP30003
Alcatel-Lucent 1830
PSS-36/32/16
Operation and Maintenance
TOP30004
Alcatel-Lucent 1830
PSS-36/32/16
Installation
TOP30004 Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-36/32/16 Installation P S S - 4 TOP30016 Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-4

PSS-4

TOP30016

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-4

Training

TOP30002W

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32/16 Overview

Training TOP30002W Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32/16 Overview PSS-32 PSS-16 PSS-36 PSS-1 GBEH, MD4H AHP, MSAH TOP30005

PSS-32

TOP30002W Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32/16 Overview PSS-32 PSS-16 PSS-36 PSS-1 GBEH, MD4H AHP, MSAH TOP30005

PSS-16

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32/16 Overview PSS-32 PSS-16 PSS-36 PSS-1 GBEH, MD4H AHP, MSAH TOP30005 Alcatel-Lucent

PSS-36

PSS-1 GBEH, MD4H AHP, MSAH

TOP30005

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-1

Training

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L0 - About

1830 PSS Related Training (continued)

Training:

Available product training classes, course descriptions, and schedules for most products can be accessed through either of the following URLs:

1. https://training.alcatel-lucent.com (Global catalog, search by product)

If you have difficulty accessing these web sites, please feel free to contact our registrar at 1-888-582-3688 (global catalog) or 1-800-372-5951 (North America-specific catalog).

Prerequisites:

The student is expected to have a thorough understanding of WDM and DWDM concepts.

TOP30002W Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-36/32/16 Overview training

Related Training:

TTP21126W Engineering and Planning Tool (EPT) training

TOP30006 1350 OMS Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) User Operations Course

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(WDM) User Operations Course 14 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L0 - About

Safety

Review Safety guidelines:

All responsible technical personnel must read the Safety Guide and in the User Provisioning Guide the Safety chapter before servicing the system.

Always keep the most recent issue of the Safety Guide document close to the equipment.

In addition to the general safety instructions, users must also observe the specific safety instructions in the individual chapters.

The equipment complies with the current national and international safety requirements.

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safety requirements. 15 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L0 - About

Safety Concerns

There is the risk of damage to the technician‟s eyes by laser energy. DWDM lasers are usually “Class I Lasers” and that means that enough light power is present to cause eye damage or blindness if the person exposed looks directly into a fiber end

Laser products are classified in accordance with the regulatory bodies

The classification scheme is based on the ability of the laser emission to cause injury to the eye or skin during normal operating conditions.

to the eye or skin during normal operating conditions. Laser classification is dependent upon operating wavelength,

Laser classification is dependent upon operating wavelength, output power

and fiber mode field diameter

Automatic Power Reduction (APR)

Is a mechanism to automatically reduces power to prevent levels at an open fiber that could result in injury to personnel, or damage to equipment.

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or damage to equipment. 16 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L0 - About

Fiber Cleaning

Review Fiber Cleaning guidelines:

Alcatel-Lucent recommended method for the cleaning and inspection of optical connectors is found in Appendix A of the Installation Guide.

It is critical that the connector end faces are clean and free from contamination to assure proper performance and reliability of the equipment

The information in Appendix A is applicable to all Alcatel-Lucent optical

products, not just Alcatel-Lucent 1830 Photonic Service Switch 36/32/16 (1830 PSS-36/PSS-32/PSS-16). There may be tools and connector types listed that are not applicable to Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-36/PSS-32/PSS-16 found in the Appendix.

Note: During this training observe all recommended fiber cleaning methods while working on the equipment

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working on the equipment 17 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

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Do not delete this graphic elements in here: 1 HARDWARE All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

1

HARDWARE

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Module Objectives

Upon completion of this module, you should be able to:

Define the hardware components that can be used in a 1830 PSS-36 Universal Shelf, PSS-32 Central Office Shelf (COS) and 1830 PSS-16 End Office Shelf (EOS) Network Element (NE):

Shelf (types, power, cooling)

Common equipment

Circuit packs

How the components fit into a shelf

Protection options

Introduce TOADM and FOADM topology examples

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and FOADM topology examples 20 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

Course Outline

About This Course

1. Hardware

PSS-32 shelf

PSS-16 shelf

PSS-36 shelf

Flex shelf

1830 network element

2. Management Interfaces

PSS-32/16 shelf

PSS-36 shelf

Common interfaces

3. NE Setup and Testing

PSS-32/16 shelf

PSS-36 shelf

4. System Turn-up and Testing

5. Maintenance

6. Wavelength Tracker

7. NE Administration

Appendix A. Circuit Packs

Power filters

Controllers

Optical Transponders

Amplifiers

Filters

Associated cards

Appendix B. DWDM Overview

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Hardware - Notes

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L1 - Hardware

1830 PSS-36, PSS-32 and PSS-16 Network Element

The 1830 system supports different shelf options that can comprise a Network Element (NE):

PSS-32 Central Office Shelf (COS)

PSS-16 End Office Shelf (EOS)

PSS-36 Universal Shelf

Dispersion Compensation Modules (DCM)

Optical Multiplexer/Demultiplexer (OMD) flex shelves

PSS-36, PSS-32 or PSS-16 shelves

The PSS-36 (universal), PSS-32 COS and PSS-16 EOS shelves are the basic building block for the 1830 PSS-36/32/16 NE. They provide a framework for all active modules in a system (such as controller, interface cards, transponders, etc.).

Flex shelf

Flex shelf holds the DCM and SFDs. Flex shelves are module shelves that hold ITLB, ITLU, DCM and SFD44/44B/40/40B modules, attenuator, and fiber storage trays in 19 inch, 23 inch and ANSI configurations. In the ETSI rack the SFDs and DCM shelf mount upright in the rack.

DCM and SFD modules provide dispersion compensation and optical mux/demux

function associated with core optics modules (line drivers and CWR8-88, respectively).

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and CWR8-88, respectively). 23 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011
Do not delete this graphic elements in here: PSS-32 Central Office Shelf (COS) All Rights

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

PSS-32 Central Office Shelf

(COS)

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

1830 PSS-32 Shelf

L1 - Hardware 1830 PSS-32 Shelf 25 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved ©

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- Hardware 1830 PSS-32 Shelf 25 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

1830 PSS-32 Shelf

L1 - Hardware 1830 PSS-32 Shelf 26 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved ©

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L1 - Hardware

PSS-32 Power and Grounding

Nominal voltage is 48V or -60V DC

Operate fault-free in a voltage range of

-40V DC to -72V DC.

Each shelf has its own power connections

Fully redundant, with two circuits, A and B, able to supply power to the

shelf. Redundant power feeds (A and B)

are connected to the power modules

Power filters are available in 20A, 30A, 50A, 60A and 70A capacity

A non-managed 20A PF no circuit

breaker without WL tracker

Tolerance battery voltage decreases below 45V ±1.5V, the Low Battery Voltage alarm for feed is triggered

Shelf power and ground connectors are located as shown

 Shelf power and ground connectors are located as shown 27 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide

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are located as shown 27 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

PSS-32 Cooling

L1 - Hardware PSS-32 Cooling   Shelf is cooled by three variable-speed fans  Fan

Shelf is cooled by three variable-speed fans

Fan tray located near top of shelf

Provide full carrier class redundancy. In the

event of any single failure, fans continue to operate, up to the maximum long-term operational temperature limit defined in NEBS

(40°C)

Incoming air is filtered through a replaceable air filter

All unused slots require a blank filler

High capacity fan required for:

RA2P Raman pump

100G packs

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Raman pump  100G packs 28 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

PSS-32 Shelf Circuit Pack Slots

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Shelf Circuit Pack Slots 29 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

PSS-32 Required Circuit Packs

The following circuit packs are required in the PSS-32 shelf:

Power Filter (PF)

Conditions the DC power feeds that power the network element (NE)

PSS-32 four types PF modules (based on the maximum current supported by embedded circuit breaker): 20A, 30A, 50A, 60A and 70A. Also a 20A PFDCA power filter that does not include a circuit breaker or Wavelength Tracker capability

Slots 19 and 36

Equipment Controller (EC)

Each shelf contains at least one active EC. A standby EC can be configured (and equipped) to provide controller redundancy

Provides main processing and communication function in a universal shelf and

provides system storage resource when the EC is located in the main shelf

Slots 1 and 18

Note: see Appendix A “Circuit Packs” for additional requirements for the EC used in R3.6.0 and R3.6.1.

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used in R3.6.0 and R3.6.1. 30 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

PSS-32 Required Circuit Packs (continued)

The following circuit packs are required in the PSS-32 shelf:

Fan module (FAN)

The fan tray plugs directly into the backplane and connects to the power,

control, and monitoring leads

Located directly above the universal card slots in PSS-32

Each FAN module is monitored and speed-controlled by the network element (NE) software

High capacity fan is required for:

RA2P Raman pump

100G packs

User Interface Panel (USRPNL) main shelf only

Connected to the main shelf and provides the following interfaces:

Visual status indication (node LED indication)

Management and communication physical access points

External Input/Output access points

Miscellaneous interactive buttons/connections

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buttons/connections 31 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

PSS-32 Multi-shelf Connectivity

Multi-shelf PSS-32 NE connectivity

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All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

PSS-32 NE connectivity 32 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011
Do not delete this graphic elements in here: PSS-16 End Office Shelf (EOS) All Rights

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

PSS-16 End Office Shelf

(EOS)

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

PSS-16 Shelf

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L1 - Hardware

PSS-16 Power and Grounding

Nominal voltage is 48V or -60V DC

Operate fault-free in a voltage range of

-40V DC to -72V DC.

Each shelf has its own power connections

Fully redundant, with two circuits, A and B, able to supply power to

the shelf. Redundant power feeds (A and B) are connected to the

power modules

Power filter 20A or 35A managed (wave tracker keyed)

Tolerance battery voltage decreases below 45V ±1.5V, the Low Battery Voltage alarm for feed is triggered

Shelf can be grounded two separate ways. Grounding can be

accomplished through the screws that mount the shelf to the rack or through specific grounding lugs. The grounding lug connection point is located in the bottom right corner of the shelf

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right corner of the shelf 35 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

PSS-16 Cooling

Shelf is cooled by variable-speed fans

Fan tray located bottom of shelf

Provide full carrier class redundancy. In the event of any single failure, fans continue to operate, up to the maximum long-term operational temperature limit defined in NEBS (40°C)

Air is drawn through fans at the bottom of the shelf, passed through an air filter

on the right side of the shelf, across any

installed cards, and exhausted on the left side of the chassis

The air filter on the right side of the chassis is replaceable from the front of

the shelf

All unused slots require a blank filler

of the shelf  All unused slots require a blank filler 36 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student

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slots require a blank filler 36 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

PSS-16 Shelf Circuit Pack Slots

10

USRPNL (Slot 10)

9

8

7

6

10 USRPNL (Slot 10) 9 8 7 6 20 19 18 17 16

20

19

18

17

16

5 4 15 14
5 4 15 14
5 4 15 14
5 4 15 14

5

4

5 4 15 14
5 4 15 14

15

14

3

13

2 EC A

EC B

12

1 PF A

PF B

11

FAN (Slot 21)

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A PF B 11 FAN (Slot 21) 37 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved

L1 - Hardware

PSS-16 Required Circuit Packs

The following circuit packs are required in the PSS-16 shelf:

Power Filter (PF)

Conditions the DC power feeds that power the network element (NE)

PSS-16 two types PF modules (based on the maximum current supported by embedded circuit breaker): 20A and 35A.

Slots 1 and 11

Equipment Controller (EC)

Each shelf contains at least one active EC. A standby EC can be configured (and equipped) to provide controller redundancy

Provides main processing and communication function in a universal shelf and provides system storage resource when the EC is located in the main shelf

Slots 2 and 12

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shelf • Slots 2 and 12 38 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved ©

L1 - Hardware

PSS-16 Required Circuit Packs (continued)

The following circuit packs are required in the PSS-16 shelf:

Fan module (FAN)

The fan tray plugs directly into the backplane and connects to the power,

control, and monitoring leads

Located directly above the universal card slots in PSS-16

Each FAN module is monitored and speed-controlled by the network element (NE) software

User Interface Panel (USRPNL) main shelf only

Connected to the main shelf and provides the following interfaces:

Visual status indication (node LED indication)

Management and communication physical access points

External Input/Output access points

Miscellaneous interactive buttons/connections

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buttons/connections 39 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

PSS-16 Multi-shelf Connectivity

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Multi-shelf PSS-16/32 NE connectivity

PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide Multi-shelf PSS-16/32 NE connectivity All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide Multi-shelf PSS-16/32 NE connectivity All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011
Do not delete this graphic elements in here: PSS-36 Universal Shelf All Rights Reserved ©

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

PSS-36 Universal Shelf

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

PSS-36 Shelf

L1 - Hardware PSS-36 Shelf 42 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

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L1 - Hardware PSS-36 Shelf 42 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

PSS-36 Power and Grounding

Nominal voltage is 48V or -60V DC

Operate fault-free in a voltage range of

-40V DC to -72V DC.

Each shelf has its own power connections

Fully redundant, with circuits battery I, battery II, battery III, able to

supply power to the shelf. Redundant power feeds are connected to

the power modules

Power filter 50A unmanaged (no wave tracker keyed)

Tolerance battery voltage decreases below 45V ±1.5V, the Low Battery Voltage alarm for feed is triggered

Shelf can be grounded two separate ways. Grounding can be

accomplished through the screws that mount the shelf to the rack or through specific grounding lugs. The grounding lug connection point is located in the bottom right corner of the shelf

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right corner of the shelf 43 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

PSS-36 Cooling

Shelf is cooled by variable-speed fans

Fan tray located bottom of shelf

Provide full carrier class redundancy. In the event of any single failure, fans continue to operate, up to the maximum long-term operational temperature limit defined in NEBS (40°C)

Air is drawn through fans at the bottom of the shelf, passed through an air filter,

across any installed cards, and exhausted

on the top of the chassis

The air filter on the bottom of the chassis is replaceable from the front of the shelf

All unused slots require a blank filler

of the shelf  All unused slots require a blank filler 44 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student

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slots require a blank filler 44 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

PSS-36 Shelf Circuit Pack Slots

L1 - Hardware PSS-36 Shelf Circuit Pack Slots 45 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights

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Shelf Circuit Pack Slots 45 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

PSS-36 Required Circuit Packs

The following circuit packs are required in the PSS-36 shelf:

First Level Controller (FLC)

Main shelf one active FLC. A standby FLC can be configured to provide controller

redundancy

Provides main processing and communication functions

The FLC accesses and uses system information from the EEPROM located on BTC2 in slot 22 (43). It also provides an OAMP LAN port for management connectivity,

a CIT LAN port, a set of 6 LEDs for a node-level alarm summary, an LED test

button, and an ACO button

Slots 23 main shelf only

Matrix Zero Controller (MT0C)

Matrix controller card contains a second level controller function (SLC), but no

switch fabric. The MT0C also provides 6 LAN ports for application use, SCN/AUX,

VOIP, ES1 and ES2 for extension shelf connections, and E1 and E2 for general- purpose external connections.

Main and extension shelves, slots 11 and 15

Bus Termination Card (BTC)

Internal communication bus, Slot ID determination, and Shelf ID determination

For Shelf ID generation, both BTCs must be populated, since there is one Shelf ID rotary dial on each BTC

Two BTC slots physically located in slots 1 and 22

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located in slots 1 and 22 46 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved ©

L1 - Hardware

PSS-36 Required Circuit Packs (continued)

The following circuit packs are required in the PSS-36 shelf:

Fan module (FAN)

The fan tray plugs directly into the backplane and connects to the power,

control, and monitoring leads

Located directly above the universal card slots in PSS-36

Each FAN module is monitored and speed-controlled by the network element (NE) software

Power Filter (PF)

Conditions the DC power feeds that power the network element (NE)

PSS-36 two PF modules 3x 50A inputs no breakers

Housekeeping inputs/outputs and rack lamp or remote alarm connections

Slots 44 and 45

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• Slots 44 and 45 47 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

PSS-36 Multi-shelf Connectivity

Multi-shelf PSS-36 NE connectivity

Multi-shelf Connectivity Multi-shelf PSS-36 NE connectivity 48 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights

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PSS-36 NE connectivity 48 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011
Do not delete this graphic elements in here: Flex Shelf All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

Flex Shelf

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Flex Shelf

L1 - Hardware Flex Shelf Attenuation Drawer Add/Drop Mux Shelf (OMD) SFD44/44B/40/40B/ITLB/ITLU Fiber Tray Open 50
L1 - Hardware Flex Shelf Attenuation Drawer Add/Drop Mux Shelf (OMD) SFD44/44B/40/40B/ITLB/ITLU Fiber Tray Open 50

Attenuation Drawer

Add/Drop Mux Shelf (OMD)

SFD44/44B/40/40B/ITLB/ITLU

Fiber Tray Open

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Fiber Tray Open 50 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

HSOT (High Speed Optical Translator)

The HSOT is a Release 2.9 PSS-32 specific application

Its is a 100G OT drop shelf used with the 1625 and 1626 Alcatel-Lucent products

Standalone shelf equipped with the 112SCX10 or 112SSCA1 OTs the same OTs

that are used in the 1830 shelf when equipped for 100G

Same PSS-32 shelf and common packs

Only 100G OTs in the universal slots, same packs used in 1830 for 100G applications

Used by other platforms like the 1626 LambdaXtreme for 100G access

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All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

LambdaXtreme for 100G access 51 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011
Do not delete this graphic elements in here: Building Blocks 1830 NE All Rights Reserved

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

Building Blocks 1830 NE

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

1830 Shelf

L1 - Hardware 1830 Shelf 53 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide  Common building block is
L1 - Hardware 1830 Shelf 53 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide  Common building block is

53

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Common building block is the 1830 PSS-

36/32/16 shelf which houses the required system configuration circuit packs

Required circuit packs were previously discussed

Remaining slots can be equipped as

required

Backplane

Provides the interface between the cards and the shelf, and the electrical connectivity between the cards inserted in the shelf.

Used to supply power to the cards and transfer data and control information across the shelf.

When you insert a card into the shelf, the female connectors on the card mate with the high-density male electrical connectors located on the backplane to make the connection.

No customer traffic flows across the shelf backplane (all traffic runs through optical fibers connecting card faceplate connectors).

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

(all traffic runs through optical fibers connecting card faceplate connectors). All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Line Driver (LD) Amplifiers

Line Driver in 1830

L1 - Hardware Line Driver (LD) Amplifiers Line Driver in 1830 54 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student

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LD building block in 1830 the LD circuit pack is mounted in the 1830 shelf and

fibered to the CWR8-

88 in a TOADM/ROADM configuration

block in 1830 the LD circuit pack is mounted in the 1830 shelf and fibered to

L1 - Hardware

Line Driver (LD) Amplifiers (continued)

Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (EDFAs)

Amplifies any optical signal within its operating range

Bandwidth depends on the design of the amplifier

Initially about 1530-1560 nm

EDFA has some limitations, such as build up of gain distortion, amplified Spontaneous Emission (ASE) and others

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Emission (ASE) and others 55 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Line Driver (LD) Amplifiers (continued)

EDFA Characteristics

Erbium is a rare earth element that

can be added to the glass of a short length of fiber

When an Erbium-Dopped length of fiber

is pumped by a high energy at 980-1480 nm, the atomic process makes energy

from excited electrons in the erbium available to light in the 1550nm

1550nm range photons with the excited

electrons, the electrons give off photons of the same wavelength, phase and

direction of the original photons

Gain profile depends on the incoming

signal wavelengths and the signal power

Even though amplification is optical,

the pump lasers require electrical power.

is optical, the pump lasers require electrical power. 56 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights

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require electrical power. 56 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Line Driver (LD) Amplifiers (continued)

RAMAN Amplification

Amplification effect is achieved by a non-

linear interaction between the signal and a

LASER pump within the optical fiber LASER Pump power required higher energy than EDFA

The advantage of RAMAN amplification is

to provide distributed amplification

RAMAN amplification is to provide distributed amplification 57 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights

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distributed amplification 57 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Line Driver (LD)

Variable Gain Optical Amplifier modules (VGOAMs)

AM2125B +21 dBm output power, 25 dB gain, amplifier with no

mid-stage access DCM

AM2017B High power (+20 dBm), low gain with no mid-stage access

ALPHG Low power (+17 dBm), high gain with mid-stage access

AHPHG High power (+20 dBm), high gain with mid-stage access

AHPLG High power (+20 dBm), low gain with mid-stage access

ALPFGT Low power (+15 dBm), fixed gain with no mid-stage

access

A2325A variable gain, +23 dBm output power, 25 dB gain with mid-stage access

AM2125A variable medium gain, (+21 dBm output power, 25dB

gain optical amplifier w/mid-stage access

AM2318A variable low gain w/no mid-stage access

RA2P high gain integrated 2 pumps RAMAN w/no mid-stage access

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INV

DCM

IN OUT

SIG

LINE

58 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011 INV DCM IN OUT

L1 - Hardware

Line Driver (LD) Amplifiers (continued)

Dispersion Compensation

Per direction Modules

Values are determined by the fiber type and length and transponders tolerance

Can be between the amplifier stages or directly on the fiber

40G/100G uses coherent technology and no DMCs

L L D D DCM DCM DCM
L
L
D
D
DCM
DCM
DCM

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L L D D DCM DCM DCM 59 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved

L1 - Hardware

Optical Transponder

Optical Transponder (OT)

L1 - Hardware Optical Transponder Optical Transponder (OT) Optical Transponder (OT) building block in 1830 the
L1 - Hardware Optical Transponder Optical Transponder (OT) Optical Transponder (OT) building block in 1830 the

Optical Transponder

(OT) building block in 1830 the OT circuit pack is mounted in the 1830 shelf, provides the O-E-O for

wavelength conversion

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L1 - Hardware

Optical Transponder (OT) Modules

The traditional function of optical transponder (OT) modules is to provide optical-electrical-optical (O-E-O) signal processing and adaptation of a colorless signal to a specific optical channel wavelength within a DWDM/CWDM domain

Typical OT function provides O-E-O conversion

OTs perform various other functions in an electrical domain, such as adaptation of client information structure to a

carrier information structure,

multiplexing of client signals onto a carrier, cross-connection or protection function, maintenance/monitoring

function, data communication function,

etc.

Includes the Wavelength Tracker encoder functionality

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11STAR1 OT

functionality 61 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011 11STAR1 OT
functionality 61 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011 11STAR1 OT

L1 - Hardware

Optical Transponders (OT)

The transponders mnemonic gives indication on its architecture:

Line rate: 100G / 40G / 11Gb/s

Line interface: Single-Tun / Dual-

Plug / QP / SC

/ 2_5Gb/s (or 4G) User rate: Any-Rate / GE / MM (for the 10xAny) User
/ 2_5Gb/s (or 4G)
User rate: Any-Rate / GE / MM
(for the 10xAny)
User ports: 1 / 4 / 10 / 12
11
ST
AR
1

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/ 4 / 10 / 12 11 ST AR 1 62 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide

L1 - Hardware

Optical Transponders (OT)

Most Optical transponder perform signal conversion for Optical Electrical Optical conversion Optical transponders consist of two main ports:

Client port: is the side that faces the subtending equipment. The client port receives and transmits the signal (mainly optical but could be electrical) on a certain frequency with defined transmission protocol

Network Port: Facing the DWDM network. The network side transmit and receive the optical signal on a certain DWDM frequency with standard or proprietary protocol and

modulation

Coherent receivers (100G):

The Digital Coherent receiver system is capable of offering high accuracy and wide range of waveform distortion beyond the limits of optical compensation

Coherent detection can detect amplitude, phase, and polarization of the optical

signal

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Client Side

Receive

Transmit

Transmit

Student Guide Client Side Receive Transmit Transmit DWDM (network side) Receive All Rights Reserved ©
Student Guide Client Side Receive Transmit Transmit DWDM (network side) Receive All Rights Reserved ©

DWDM (network side)

Student Guide Client Side Receive Transmit Transmit DWDM (network side) Receive All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent
Student Guide Client Side Receive Transmit Transmit DWDM (network side) Receive All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

Receive

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

Student Guide Client Side Receive Transmit Transmit DWDM (network side) Receive All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

OMD and SFD

Optical Mux Demux (OMD)/Static Filter Device (SFD) and Interleaver ITLB

Demux (OMD)/Static Filter Device (SFD) and Interleaver ITLB OMD/SFD) building block in 1830 the OMD shelf
Demux (OMD)/Static Filter Device (SFD) and Interleaver ITLB OMD/SFD) building block in 1830 the OMD shelf

OMD/SFD) building block in 1830 the OMD shelf or SFD circuit pack is mounted in the 1830 shelf and fibered to the Optical Transponder (OT), ITLB/ITLU are mounted in the flex shelf

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are mounted in the flex shelf 64 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved ©

L1 - Hardware

OMD/SFD Shelf (continued)

L1 - Hardware OMD/SFD Shelf (continued) SFD44 65 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide SFD40 All Rights

SFD44

L1 - Hardware OMD/SFD Shelf (continued) SFD44 65 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide SFD40 All Rights

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SFD40

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

Shelf (continued) SFD44 65 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide SFD40 All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

SFD44/SFD44B

SFD44 Mux/demuxes up to

C-band DWDM channels

44

onto a single fiber

SFD44 is a device mounted

externally to the 1830 PSS-

32

rack unit height) shelf or flex shelf.

shelf in its own 2RU (one

SFD44 when used with

other hardware to support an 88 channel environment,

the SFD44 channels are referred to as the “even” channels.

SFD44B 44 channel

mux/demux for odd channels at 50 GHz offset

The SFD44B is designed for use with the SFD44 and an interleaver (ITLB), to

support 88 DWDM channels

at 50GHz spacing. In this environment, the channels of the SFD44B are referred to as the “odd” channels.

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channels. 66 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide S F D 4 4 B All Rights Reserved
channels. 66 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide S F D 4 4 B All Rights Reserved

SFD44B

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

channels. 66 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide S F D 4 4 B All Rights Reserved

L1 - Hardware

SFD40/SFD40B

SFD40 Mux/demuxes up to 40 C-band DWDM channels

onto a single fiber

SFD40 is a device mounted externally to the 1830 PSS- 32 shelf in its own 1 RU (one rack unit height) shelf or flex shelf.

SFD40 when used with

other hardware to support an 80 channel environment,

the SFD44 channels are referred to as the “even” channels.

SFD40B 40 channel

mux/demux for odd channels at 50 GHz offset

The SFD40B is designed for use with the SFD40, to support 80 DWDM channels

at 50GHz spacing. In this

environment, the channels of the SFD40B are referred to as the “odd” channels.

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“odd” channels. 67 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide SFD40B All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

SFD40B

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

“odd” channels. 67 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide SFD40B All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Interleaver ITLB

ITLB is designed to be used in combination with the

CWR OUT CWR IN
CWR OUT
CWR IN

SFD44/44B/40/40B

Each combine and demux 44 wavelength signals at 100GHz spacing.

The signals of the SFD44B/40B are offset 50GHz from the signals of the SFD44/40

ITLB combines and demuxes the odd and even sets of signals

SFD44/CWR

into a single group of 88

channels with 50GHz spacing

Add/Drop capability for the 88 signals is provided by the

CWR8-88

ITLB is a module that is

installed with the OMD in the

bay frame.

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the OMD in the bay frame. 68 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved ©

2

1

INV

IN

L1 - Hardware

Interleaver ITLU

Unidirectional Interleaver Card (ITLU) is optimized for the

T/ROADM architecture with

WR8-88A circuit packs

The WR8-88A supports 88 channels on a 50 GHz grid. An ITLU is required for all WR8- 88A configurations with a SFD44 or SFD44B

ITLU demuxes the odd and even sets of signals into a single group of 88 channels with 50GHz spacing

Add/Drop capability for the 88

signals is provided by the WR8-

88A

ITLU is a module that is installed in the same enclosure

as the DCMs

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SIG

IN

LC LC LC ITLU EEPROM Interleaver Demux
LC
LC
LC
ITLU
EEPROM
Interleaver Demux

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

EVEN - OUT

ODD- OUT

Guide SIG IN LC LC LC ITLU EEPROM Interleaver Demux All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

SFD5 or SFD8 (SFD5 shown)

SFD5 modules support a set of five or DWDM wavelengths in the C- band. To cover the whole C band spectrum, eight types of SFD5 modules are supported

The SFD5 card performs optical wavelength multiplex/demultiplex operations for five consecutive ITU channels to/from an optical band. In addition, the SFD5 performs a pass-through of all other bands via the egress ports

1830 supports SFD5 or SFD 8 filters for 5 or 8 channel DWDM applications

SFD5 or SFD 8 filters for 5 or 8 channel DWDM applications SFD5 shown 70 1830

SFD5 shown

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DWDM applications SFD5 shown 70 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Wavelength Router WR8-88A

Colorless Wavelength Router (CWR)

Wavelength Router WR8-88A Colorless Wavelength Router (CWR) 71 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights

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Colorless Wavelength Router 8-88 (CWR8-88) building block in 1830 the CWR circuit pack is mounted in the

1830 shelf, is fibered

to the Line Drive (LD), OMD/SFD in a RODAM configuration or an OT for add/drop of wavelengths in a

TOADM

shelf, is fibered to the Line Drive (LD), OMD/SFD in a RODAM configuration or an OT

L1 - Hardware

Colorless Wavelength Router (CWR8/CWR8-88)

Routing of optical channels (single configurable wavelength or a set of configurable wavelengths) between OTS lines and Colorless Add/Drop points

Provides tunable optical add/drop (TOADM) architecture function for add/drop of selectable wavelength(s)

Supports drop, through, and add path, Wavelength

tracker monitor points

Mesh TOADM connections are between CWR8/CWR8-88 colorless-drop outputs and colorless-add inputs Additional through paths are established so that a channel entering on one optical line can exit on any of the other

CWR8/CWR8-88 optical lines. Channels that are added

and dropped must be fibered to the correct optical line and connect only to OTs

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INV SIG
INV
SIG

CLS1

CLS2

CLS3

CLS4

CLS5

CLS6

CLS7

CLS8

THRU

OMD

TEST

Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011 INV SIG CLS1 CLS2 CLS3 CLS4 CLS5 CLS6

L1 - Hardware

Colorless Wavelength Router Mixed Network Support (50GHz spaced and

100GHz spaced)

Each CWR in the THRU path must be the same type (both CWR8 or both

CWR8-88)

Mesh connected CWRs may be different types (CWR8 or CWR8-88)

Mesh connected CWRs may be different types (CWR8 or CWR8-88) THRU LD CWR8 CWR8 LD CLS
THRU LD CWR8 CWR8 LD CLS CLS OT CLS THRU CWR8-88 LD
THRU
LD
CWR8
CWR8
LD
CLS
CLS
OT
CLS
THRU
CWR8-88
LD

No connect

Degree 3 TOADM with Mixed CWRs (Example)

Node A 88 channel Node D Node B 50 GHz 88 channel 88 channel LD
Node A
88 channel
Node D
Node B
50 GHz
88 channel
88 channel
LD
CWR8-88
CWR8-88
LD
LD
CWR8
CWR8
LD
Node C
Node X
Node Y
100 GHz
44 channel
44 channel
50GHz and 100GHz Interworking

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L1 - Hardware

Wavelength Router WR8-88A

L1 - Hardware Wavelength Router WR8-88A WR8-88A any direction building block in 1830, the WR8-88A circuit
L1 - Hardware Wavelength Router WR8-88A WR8-88A any direction building block in 1830, the WR8-88A circuit

WR8-88A any direction building block in 1830, the

WR8-88A circuit pack

is mounted in the 1830 shelf, is fibered to the Line Drive (LD), local add/drop to the ITLU and

SFD44/SFD44B

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to the ITLU and SFD44/SFD44B 74 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

Wavelength Router WR8-88A (continued)

WR8-88A wavelength router card with add-side 9x1 WSS, supporting 50GHz channel spacing

WR8-88A can be used for Anydirection configurations

Supports up to degree 5 mesh connections without additional MESH4 card or up to 8 degree using the MESH4 card

2-slot wide, full height

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L1 - Hardware

Wavelength Router WR8-88A (continued)

Drop Out through the ITLU and SFD44/SFD44B

Mesh Out are three ports to the MESH4 card for up to 8 degrees in mesh configurations

Eight ADD IN ports to the 9x1 WSS for eight add channels

Thru IN and OUT for passthroughs

Test Part of WR8-88A Part of WR8-88A Port THRU LD 2x2 1x4 Splitter IN SIG
Test
Part of WR8-88A
Part of WR8-88A
Port
THRU
LD
2x2
1x4 Splitter
IN
SIG IN
IPD
9x1 WSS
IPD
LD
THRU
IPD
OUT
Sig
Out
LNS
Drop
Mesh Out
Add In
Out
1
2
3
1
8
Mesh4
IPD
SIG IN
LC
LC
INV
WR8-88A
Thru
Thru
Test
LC
Out
In
LC
Signal IN LC
2x2
1x4 Splitter
IPD
9x1 WSS
IPD
Signal
OUT
Splitter
IPD
LNS
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
LC
Drop
Mesh Out
Add In
Out
1
2
3
1
2
8
1x4
1
2 OUT 3
4
SIG

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L1 - Hardware

Wavelength Router WR8-88A (continued)

L1 - Hardware Wavelength Router WR8-88A (continued) 77 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved

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Router WR8-88A (continued) 77 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

1830 Building Blocks

1830 Building Block review

L1 - Hardware 1830 Building Blocks 1830 Building Block review We discussed the major building blocks,

We discussed the major building blocks, the 1830 shelf, Line Driver (LD), Colorless Wavelength Router

(CWR), OMD/SFD/ITLB

and Optical Transponders(OT) which comprise the 1830 network element

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Lesson Break

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Do not delete this graphic elements in here: Optical Protection All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

Optical Protection

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

Hardware - Notes

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L1 - Hardware

Optical Protection

1830 supports optical 1+1 protection on a per-wavelength basis over any network topology where diverse routes are available 1830 protection options share several common features:

Channels are protected on an individual basis

Protected and unprotected channels can be mixed in nodes and in fiber paths

Protection switching is performed in less than 50 ms

Lockout, forced, and manual switching are supported

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switching are supported 82 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Optical Protection Switch (OPS)

The OPS card provides photonic protection switching in DWDM

configurations for any supported channel

in the C-band, allowing user to provide 1+1 dedicated OCh protection for any optical signal carried in the 1830 NE DWDM domain

Integrated Photo Detector (IPD) signals a LOS and triggers a switch or allows a switch to revert when the signal recovers.

Half-height slot, any slot

OPS switching is non-revertive, a manual switch is required to previous state

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is required to previous state 83 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

Optical Protection (continued)

Per-channel optical line protection (with OPS) This option 1+1 protects the optical line only because the optical transponder is not duplicated

line only because the optical transponder is not duplicated 84 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All

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transponder is not duplicated 84 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Optical Protection (continued)

Protection of alien wavelengths Alien wavelengths are admitted into the 1830 NE at the SVAC/MVAC card. To support 1+1 optical layer protection for alien wavelengths, the OPS card is used on the client side of a pair of redundant SVAC cards.

used on the client side of a pair of redundant SVAC cards. 85 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0

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pair of redundant SVAC cards. 85 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

Optical Protection (continued)

Optical sub-network connection protection (O-SCNP)

This option 1+1 protects both the optical line and the transponders for higher service reliability

line and the transponders for higher service reliability 86 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights

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higher service reliability 86 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Optical Protection (continued)

Optical sub-network connection protection Y-Cable

The transmit and receive are packaged together on each end in a single module. Each

Y-cable has a common input + a pair of outputs for the transmit direction and a pair of

inputs + a common output for the receive side.

cables to get the job done. Note that they are packaged for bi-directional connection with the common in/out in a connector pair and connector pairs for the two line sides in/out

This means it takes 2 total 6-fiber Y

two line sides in/out This means it takes 2 total 6-fiber Y 87 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0

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it takes 2 total 6-fiber Y 87 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved ©

L1 - Hardware

Optical Protection (continued)

Electrical sub-block network connection protection (E-SNCP)

E-SNCP, supported on the 4DPA4, 4DPA2, 11QPA4, and 11DPE12 OT‟s, is a line side (network side) protection mechanism which protects against loss of the line signal due to SFP failure, fiber interruption, or a malfunction of an intermediate NE node. E-SNCP protection is implemented by permanent head-end bridging and dynamic tail-end selection

The E-SNCP function is contained within the 4DPA4 OT shown in the example

is contained within the 4DPA4 OT shown in the example 88 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide

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4DPA4 OT shown in the example 88 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved ©
Do not delete this graphic elements in here: 1830 PSS-36/32/16 Topologies All Rights Reserved ©

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

1830 PSS-36/32/16 Topologies

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

FOADM Topology

Fixed Optical Add Drop Mux (FOADM) optimizes for lowest cost by using static optical filters for multiplexing/demultiplexing

Optimization is obtained by offering two FOADM filter choices, a full- band 44/88/40/80-channel architecture (SFD44/44B/40/40B) and a scalable 5/8-channel filter architecture (SFD5/SFD8)

Static filters require that optical transponders need to be fibered to the

correct wavelength ports on the filter faceplates, and any re-

configurability requires manual re-arrangement of the fibers

A FOADM line terminal configuration has one optical line at the ends of a point-to-point link where OT(s) terminate all wavelengths

FOADM must be manually managed/configured - powers are not

automatically adjusted (FOADM End Terminals can be auto power

managed; degree 2+ FOADM must be manually power managed) FOADM Configurations:

FOADM line terminal

FOADM hub

Multi-degree FOADM (2 degree, 3 degree, 88 channel)

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L1 - Hardware

FOADM Degree-2 Topology

Degree-2 FOADM configuration faces both east and west directions. Traffic from the optical lines can be added or dropped, and at least one single wavelength transits transparently

Example showing both directions of transmission in a FOADM with one or two OAs. Static filter DWDMs (SFDs) can be SFD44/44B/40/40B or

SFD5/SFD8

filter DWDMs (SFDs) can be SFD44/44B/40/40B or SFD5/SFD8 Note: If SFD44B/40B is used the Interleaver would

Note: If SFD44B/40B is used the Interleaver would be added in the figure. SFD 44, 44B have THRU ports, SFD5/8 have EXP ports.

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ports, SFD5/8 have EXP ports. 91 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

TOADM Topology

Tunable Optical Add Drop Mux (TOADM) networks are designed such that any wavelength can be added or dropped at any site, and the network can also be reconfigured in-service to alter the wavelength routings

Because final wavelength routings are unknown at the time of network design and deployment, TOADM network design approach requires an any-network-element- to-any-network-element analysis for all possible wavelength routings

The Engineering and Planning Tool (EPT) provides a simple way to both specify a TOADM network design and to perform full network synthesis and analysis of design constraints TOADM Configurations:

TOADM rings

TOADM linear networks

Multi-degree TOADMs (1 degree to 8 degree, 44/88/40/80 channel)

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L1 - Hardware

TOADM Ring Topology

The typical TOADM topology is a ring in which lightpaths all begin and end on TOADM network elements. The lightpaths may be created using either 1830 TOADM transponders, or directly connected third-party ITU transponders.

A TOADM ring consists of two-degree TOADM NEs and, optionally, in-line amplifier

In order to support any-to-any connectivity in the ring, the through path around the ring is automatically balanced during network commissioning. The automatic balancing adjusts amplifier gains around the ring through- path to ensure all channels leaving a given node do so at the designed power level

After the ring has been commissioned, automatic power management

adapts to changes in the network to keep a given channel within provisioned ranges in small variations of 1 2 dB. Larger gain variations require end user intervention

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require end user intervention 93 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

TOADM Shelf Configuration

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L1 - Hardware

2 Degree Node

IN

Line

OUT

Ingress THRU

Amp

L1 - Hardware 2 Degree Node IN Line OUT Ingress THRU Amp OUT Filter (West) Filter

OUT

Filter (West) Filter IN (East) Line OUT Transponder n n Transponder
Filter
(West)
Filter IN
(East)
Line
OUT
Transponder
n
n
Transponder

SIG

IN

THRU Filter OUT Transponder (West) SIG IN Egress Amp n
THRU
Filter OUT
Transponder
(West)
SIG
IN
Egress
Amp
n

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Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011 Ingress Amp Ingress Amp IN I N SIG
Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011 Ingress Amp Ingress Amp IN I N SIG
Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011 Ingress Amp Ingress Amp IN I N SIG
Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011 Ingress Amp Ingress Amp IN I N SIG
Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011 Ingress Amp Ingress Amp IN I N SIG
Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011 Ingress Amp Ingress Amp IN I N SIG
Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011 Ingress Amp Ingress Amp IN I N SIG

Ingress

Amp

Ingress

Amp

IN

IN

SIG

SIG

OUT

OUT

OUT

OUT

Line

Line

IN

IN

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011 Ingress Amp Ingress Amp IN I N SIG S I

L1 - Hardware

4 Degree R/TOADM Topology

AMP OUT

(Optional)

L1 - Hardware 4 Degree R/TOADM Topology AMP OUT (Optional) AMP IN AMP IN THRU CWR8

AMP IN

AMP IN THRU CWR8 East CWR8 West CLS CLS EP EP AMP OUT (Optional) SFD
AMP IN
THRU
CWR8 East
CWR8 West
CLS
CLS
EP
EP
AMP OUT
(Optional)
SFD
ADD/DROP
SFD
ADD/DROP
SFD
SFD
ADD/DROP
ADD/DROP
AMP OUT
(Optional)
EP
EP
CLS
CLS
CWR8 North
CWR8 South
THRU
AMP IN

WDM IN

WDM IN

Upgradable up to

degree-8 node

AMP IN

AMP IN WDM IN WDM IN Upgradable up to degree-8 node AMP IN AMP OUT (Optional)

AMP OUT

(Optional)

WDM IN

WDM IN

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L1 - Hardware

Inline Amplifier

The in-line amplifier (ILA) amplifies the aggregate optical channel and terminates the OSC for two optical lines. An ILA configuration consists of

two line drivers (LDs), DCMs, power, and control packs for a 1830 shelf

Either the high-power, high-gain DWDM amplifier (AHPHG) or the low- power, high-gain DWDM amplifier (ALPHG) LD can be used in an ILA configuration

amplifier (ALPHG) LD can be used in an ILA configuration 97 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide

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Do not delete this graphic elements in here: Coarse Wave Division Multiplexing (CWDM) All Rights

Do not delete this graphic elements in here:

Coarse Wave Division Multiplexing

(CWDM)

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Course Wave Division Multiplexing (CWDM)

Coarse wavelength division multiplexing (CWDM) is supported, which allows you to carry up to eight channels over a single fiber pair

CWDM networks have lower capacity and shorter optical reach

8 CWDM wavelengths (using SFC2, 4, 8)

Eight CWDM wavelength channels from the standardized optical grid specified by the ITU-T G.694.2 recommendation

Channel spacing is 20 nm. The 8 channels are 1471, 1491, 1511, 1531,

1551, 1571,1591, and 1611 nm

The Static Filter CWDM 2/4/8 card performs optical wavelength multiplex/demultiplex operations for 2/4/8 consecutive ITU coarse channels out of total eight channels

When 1830 NE is configured to support CWDM, it shares all the same hardware as DWDM and is supported out of the same shelf. That is, a node can be on a DWDM ring with a CWDM spur. The major hardware differences are that a CWDM line uses CWDM filters, is not amplified,

and uses an embedded GCC channel instead of an OSC for supervisory

communications

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L1 - Hardware

Static Filter CWDM (SFC2/4/8)

Performs optical wavelength multiplex/demultiplex operations for 2/4/8 consecutive ITU coarse channels (CWDM) out of total eight channels

Performs a pass-through of all other channels via the egress ports

Supports both unidirectional and two fibers and bidirectional

transmission on a single fiber

SFC2/4 half-height slots and SFC8 full-height slot are supported for CWDM applications

SFC8 full-height slot are supported for CWDM applications 100 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All

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for CWDM applications 100 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Module Review

We defined the hardware components that can be used in a 1830 Network Element:

Shelf (types, power, cooling)

Common equipment

Circuit packs

How the components fit into a shelf

Optical protection options

TOADM and FOADM topology examples

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and FOADM topology examples 101 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Hardware - Knowledge Check 1

1. A Fixed Optical Add Drop Mux (FOADM) uses which type of optical filters?

A. Ingress/Egress DWDM filters.

B. Dynamic bandwidth filters.

C. Static optical filters.

D. Laser tunable optical filters with static plug-ins.

Answer:

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static plug-ins. Answer: 102 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Hardware - Knowledge Check 2

2. Which statement best describes a TOADM topology?

A.

Typical TOADM topology is a linear 1+1 ring in which lightpaths all begin and end on TOADM network elements.

B.

Typical TOADM topology is a ring in which lightpaths all begin and end on

TOADM network elements.

C.

Typical TOADM topology is a static ring in which lightpaths all begin and end on TOADM network elements with static filters and no transponders.

D.

All of the above.

Answer:

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All of the above. Answer: 103 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

Hardware - Knowledge Check 3

3. CWDM (Course wavelength Division Multiplexing) is supported by the 1830 NE and allows how many CWDM supported channels over a single fiber pair?

A.

8

B.

32

C.

64

D.

128

Answer:

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64 D. 128 Answer: 104 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

L1 - Hardware

Hardware - Knowledge Check 4

4. Which statement best describes a typical function of an Optical transponder (OT) module?

A.

A typical OT function provides Optical-Electrical-Overhead (O-E-O) conversion.

B.

A typical OT function provides Optical-Ethernet-Optical (O-E-O) conversion.

C.

A typical OT function provides Optical-Electrical-Optical (O-E-O) conversion.

D.

None of the above.

Answer:

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None of the above. Answer: 105 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

Hardware - Knowledge Check 5

5. Which statement best describes one function of the Colorless Wavelength Router (CWR8/CWR8-88) circuit pack?

A.

Provides tunable optical add/drop (TOADM) architecture function for add/drop of selectable wavelength(s).

B.

Provides a static optical add/drop (TOADM) architecture function for add/drop of selectable wavelength(s).

C.

Provides tunable optical add/drop (FOADM) architecture function for add/drop of selectable wavelength(s).

D.

None of the above.

Answer:

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None of the above. Answer: 106 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent

L1 - Hardware

Hardware - Knowledge Check 6

6. Which statement best describes one function of the Equipment Controller (EC) circuit pack?

A. Provides main processing and communication function.

B. Provides the O-E-O function for add/drop of wavelengths.

C. Is not a required circuit pack.

D. Only required in shelf two of a multiple shelf configuration.

Answer:

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shelf configuration. Answer: 107 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TOP30003R3.6.0 Student Guide All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2011

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MANAGEMENT INTERFACES

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L2 - Management Interfaces

Module Objectives

Upon completion of this module, you should be able to:

Describe the different methods and options for connecting 1830 PSS- 36/32/16 network elements to the control network

Identify the various management interfaces

Command line interface

Web GUI interface

Supported NMS (Network Management System), R3.6.0 supports:

1354RM-PHM R8.6

1350 OMS R9.5.0.1

1340 INC R24.1

5620 Service Aware Manager R9.0

TL1 interface

Connect to an 1830 PSS-3632/16 NE using the various management interfaces

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Course Outline

About This Course

1. Hardware

PSS-32 shelf

PSS-16 shelf

PSS-36 shelf

Flex shelf

1830 network element

2. Management Interfaces

PSS-32/16 shelf

PSS-36 shelf

Common interfaces

3. NE Setup and Testing

PSS-32/16 shelf

PSS-36 shelf

4. System Turn-up and Testing

5. Maintenance

6. Wavelength Tracker

7. NE Administration

Appendix A. Circuit Packs

Power filters

Controllers

Optical Transponders

Amplifiers

Filters

Associated cards

Appendix B. DWDM Overview

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Management Interfaces - Notes

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PSS-32 User Interface Panel (USRPNL)

- Management Interfaces PSS-32 User Interface Panel (USRPNL) User Interface Panel (USRPNL) 114 1830 PSS-36/32/16
- Management Interfaces PSS-32 User Interface Panel (USRPNL) User Interface Panel (USRPNL) 114 1830 PSS-36/32/16

User Interface Panel (USRPNL)

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L2 - Management Interfaces

PSS-16 User Interface Panel (USRPNL)

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User Interface Panel (USRPNL)

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PSS-36 Interfaces

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MTC0C

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PSS-36 Interfaces

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Common applications

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L2 - Management Interfaces

User Interfaces

Web User Interface (WebUI)

Provides web-based access to the network element (NE)

WebUI interface is accessed using Internet Explorer running on a computer that is connected via Ethernet to the NE, either directly or over a LAN

WebUI supports provisioning, administration, performance monitoring, and

display of alarms and conditions from the NE

Provides a tool to assist in the initial installation and troubleshooting of NEs

Command Language Interface (CLI)

A line-oriented user interface that runs on the NE (like Hyper Terminal)

User can access the CLI using a terminal device connected to the NE

CLI provides commands that allow the user to configure, manage, and monitor the NE, the NE interfaces, and the services running on the NE

Refer to the, 1830 PSS-36/32/16 Command Line Interface Guide

Transaction Language 1 (TL1)

Full support of TL1 command interface for provisioning, reporting, and alarming

Refer to the, 1830 PSS-36/32/16 TL1 Commands and Message Guide

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L2 - Management Interfaces

User Interfaces (continued)

Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)

SNMP communications occur over the 1830 PSS control network

SNMP has two types of entities

Management network elements (managers)

Managed network elements (agents)

SNMPv2c, SNMPv3

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L2 - Management Interfaces

Communications Network

The basic communications network architecture for the 1830 PSS-36/32/16 includes all LAN interfaces, OSC interfaces, and GCC interfaces

LAN interfaces include the OAMP, VoIP, CIT, and Extension Shelf (ES) connections

Optical Supervisory Channel (OSC)

OSC carries node-to-node communication

The OSC is a separate optical channel, operating at the STM-1/OC-3 rate of 155 Mb/s, that transfers management and control information between the controllers of two adjacent nodes, regardless of whether any of the DWDM payload channels are terminated between those two nodes

General communications channel (GCC)

No OSC available in CWDM transmission, so the GCC0 bytes in the G.709 overhead are used for inter-node communication

For management connection extension to 1830 PSS-1 Edge Device

Gateway network element (GNE)

The network management system can manage an 1830 PSS-36/32/16 network while only connecting to a single 1830 PSS-36/32/16 NE. That NE is called a GNE and provides

the management connectivity to all other 1830 PSS-36/32/16 NEs in the network

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L2 - Management Interfaces

Communications Network Sizing

Connection Type

Maximum Value

Comment

TL1 (ports 3082, 3083)

20

Multiple TL1 sessions to any NE

WebUI

16

This is for Craft Interface Terminal (CIT) from the local craft, or remotely connected