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# SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION

## UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA

JIM 106/4 ELEMENTARY STATISTICS/INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS
ASSIGNMENT 2
DUE DATE: 11TH APRIL 2016
1.

The number of calls received per day at a crisis hot line is distributed as
follows:
Number X
Probability P(X)

30
0.05

31
0.21

32
0.38

33
0.25

34
0.11

## Find the mean, variance, and standard deviation of the distribution.

2.

If 8% of the population of trees are elm trees, find the probability that in a
sample of 100 trees, there are exactly 6 elm trees. Assume the distribution
is approximately Poisson.

3.

There are 48 raincoats for sale at a local mens clothing store. Twelve are
black. If 6 raincoats are selected to be marked down, find the probability
that exactly 3 will be black.

4.

## The average weight of an airline passengers suitcase is 45 pounds. The

standard deviation is 2 pounds. If 15% of the suitcases are overweight,
find the maximum weight allowed by the airline. Assume the variable is
normally distributed.

5.

## Of the total population of American households, including older Americans

and perhaps some not so old, 17.3% receive retirement income. In a
random sample of 120 households, what is the probability that greater
than 20 households but less than 35 households receive a retirement
income?

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6.

## The probability of winning on a slot machine is 5%. If a person plays the

machine 500 times, find the probability of winning 30 times. Use the
normal approximation to the binomial distribution.

7.

## A researcher is interested in estimating the average salary of teachers in a

large urban school district. She wants to be 95% confident that her
estimate is correct. If the standard deviation is \$1050, how large a sample
is needed to be accurate within \$200?

8.

A local county has a very active adult education venue. A random sample
of the population showed that 189 out of 400 persons 16 years old or older
participated in some type of formal adult education activities, such as
basic skills training, apprenticeships, personal interest courses, and parttime college or university degree programs. Estimate the true proportion of
adults participating in some kind of formal education program with 98%
confidence.

9.

A random sample of 22 lawn mowers was selected, and the motors were
tested to see how many miles per gallon of gasoline each one obtained.
The variance of the measurements was 2.6. Find the 95% confidence
interval of the true variance.

10.

## Nationwide 13.7% of employed wage and salary workers are union

members (down from 20.1% in 1983). A random sample of 300 local wage
and salary workers showed that 50 belonged to a union. At 0.05 , is
there sufficient evidence to conclude that the proportion of union
membership differs from 13.7%?

11.

A football coach claims that the average weight of all the opposing teams
members is 225 pounds. For a test of the claim, a sample of 50 players is
taken from all the opposing teams. The mean is found to be 230 pounds.
The population standard deviation is 15 pounds. At 0.01 , test the
coachs claim. Find the P-value and make the decision.

12.

A film editor feels that the standard deviation for the number of minutes in
a video is 3.4 minutes. A sample of 24 videos has a standard deviation of
4.2 minutes. At 0.05 , is the sample standard deviation different from
what the editor hypothesized?

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13.

The data show the amounts (in thousands of dollars) of the contracts for
soft drinks in local school districts. At 0.10 can it be concluded that
there is a difference in the averages? Use the P-value method. Give a
reason why the result would be of concern to a cafeteria manager.
Pepsi
46

14.

Coca-Cola
120

100

59

420

285

57

1
6
10

2
8
12

3
10
9

4
9
12

5
5
8

6
12
13

7
9
8

8
7
10

## Adopted Pets According to the 20052006 National Pet Owners Survey,

only 16% of pet dogs were adopted from an animal shelter and 15% of pet
cats were adopted. To test this difference in proportions of adopted pets, a
survey was taken in a local region. Is there sufficient evidence to conclude
that there is a difference in proportions? Use 0.05 .
Number

16.

500

## In an effort to increase production of an automobile part, the factory

manager decides to play music in the manufacturing area. Eight workers
are selected, and the number of items each produced for a specific day is
recorded. After one week of music, the same workers are monitored
again. The data are given in the table. At 0.05 , can the manager
conclude that the music has increased production?
Worker
Before
After

15.

80

Dogs
180
36

Cats
200
30

The heights (in feet) for a random sample of world famous cathedrals are
listed below. In addition, the heights for a sample of the tallest buildings in
the world are listed. Is there sufficient evidence at 0.05 to conclude a
difference in the variances in height between the two groups?
Cathedrals
72 114
Tallest buildings 452 442

157
415

56
391

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83
355

108
344

90
310

151
302

209

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