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Pipe Flow - 1

Head loss due to friction can be analyzed using the

following three formulas:

Darcy-Weisbach Friction Formula

Hazen-Williams Formula

Manning Equation

Moody Diagram

Darcy-Weisbach friction formula has the following

applications:

Compute head loss hf for known d and V (or Q).

Compute V (or Q) for known d and hf (trial-and-error is

Compute d for known V (or Q) and hf (trial-and-error is

10

2. Hazen-Williams Formula

The Hazen-Williams formula may be expressed as follows:

V 1.318CR 0.63S f

0.54

V 0.849CR 0.63S f

0.54

(English units)

(11)

(12)

where:

C = Hazen-Williams coefficient

R = Hydraulic radius = d/4

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Hazen-Williams Formula

For a circular pipe, the formulas can be written as follows:

Q 0.432Cd 2.63S f

Q 0.278Cd 2.63S f

0.54

0.54

(English units)

(13)

(14)

4.73L

h f 1.85 4.87 Q1.85

C d

(English units)

(15)

10.70 L

h f 1.85 4.87 Q1.85

C d

(16)

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3.Manning Equation

The Manning formula is expressed as follows:

1.486 2 / 3 1 / 2

R Sf

n

1

1/ 2

V R2/ 3S f

n

(English units)

(17)

(18)

where:

n =Mannings roughness coefficient

R = Hydraulic radius.

13

Manning Equation

For a circular pipe, the equation can be written as follows:

0.463 8 / 3 1 / 2

d Sf

n

0.312 8 / 3 1 / 2

Q

d Sf

n

Q

(English units)

(19)

(20)

n2 L 2

hf

Q

5.33

0

.

216

d

(English units)

(21)

n2 L 2

hf

Q

5.33

0.097d

(22)

14

Example:

Find the head loss in 1000 ft of a 6-ft diameter smooth concrete

pipe carrying 80 cfs of water at 50oF.

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- Civil 3D 2016 IntroductionUploaded byDanny Cheng
- Lecture 20Uploaded byDanny Cheng
- Lecture_22-Surface Runoff (1)Uploaded byDanny Cheng
- Ce351.Groups.et.Byu.net 90669-Mines C09 ISM-1eUploaded byDanny Cheng
- Statics Review.pdfUploaded byDanny Cheng
- NCEES ExamineeGuide June-2018Uploaded byDanny Cheng
- Lecture 23-Flood FrequencyUploaded byDanny Cheng
- Polluted Lake EssayUploaded byDanny Cheng
- statics_quiz.pdfUploaded byDanny Cheng
- Lecture 20 UpdatedUploaded byDanny Cheng
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- Lecture 24 Urban DrainageUploaded byDanny Cheng
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- Lecture_7-Gradually Varied FlowUploaded byDanny Cheng
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- Lecture 12-Pipe Flow 2Uploaded byDanny Cheng
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