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All pumps are operating under the same head.

Total capacity is the sum of the discharges for individual pumps.

Establish composite characteristic curve by adding up capacities from

Figure 3.

Use the composite characteristic curve and the system curve to find

the operating condition.

Suitable for a system that has a large static lift and low friction losses.

H HA HB

Q QA QB

P PA PB ....

H AQA

550

H B QB

550

....

H (QA QB )

550

H (QA Q B )

H (Q A QB )

Q QB

A

QA H Ain QB H Bin QA H QB H QA QB

A

B

A B

3

Example

Two pumps are arranged in parallel as shown below. Their characteristic curves are

shown in the following figure. The static head for the system is 40 ft. The pipeline

consists of 9 in-diameter pipe of 1200 ft length. The total minor head loss coefficient is

20 and the Darcy-Weisbach friction factor f is 0.022. Determine the operation condition

and the power input.

400

80

Efficieny curve

for Pump B

360

70

Efficieny curve

for Pump A

320

60

50

240

200

40

160

30

120

80

Efficiency (%)

Head H (ft)

280

20

10

40

0

0

200

400

600

800

0

1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400

Capacity Q (gpm)

Solution:

1. The composite characteristic curves for pump A and pump B can be plotted as

shown in the figure below:

2. The system curve can be calculated using the following equation and plotted

in the figure above:

H 40 h f hm

8 fLQ 2

8Q 2

40

k

g 2 d 5

g 2 d 4

8Q 2

0.022 1200

20

40

(

)

32.2 3.1416 2

0.755

0.754

40 4.39Q 2

5

3.

system curves:

Q = 2120 gpm, H = 138 ft

4.

For Pump A: QA = 1280 gpm, hA = 68% (See the next side)

For Pump B: QB = 840 gpm, hB = 77% (See the next slide)

5.

Overall efficiency:

QA QB

QA / A QB / B

1280 840

1280 / 68 840 / 77

71.3%

6.

Input Power:

Input..Power

QH

550

550 0.713

104hp

400

80

Efficieny curve

for Pump B

360

77%

68%

Efficieny curve

for Pump A

320

70

60

50

240

200

40

160

30

120

80

Efficiency (%)

Head H (ft)

280

20

10

40

QB = 840 gpm

0

0

200

400

600

800

QA = 1280 gpm

0

1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400

Capacity Q (gpm)

All pumps are operating with the same discharge.

Total head is the sum of heads for individual pumps.

Establish composite characteristic curve by adding up heads from

Figure 4.

Use the composite characteristic curve and the system curve to find the

operating condition.

Suitable for a system that has a small static lift and high friction losses.

For multiple pumps in series:

H H A HB

Q QA QB

P PA PB ...

Two Pumps in Series

Q( H A H B )

550

Q( H A H B )

Q( H A H B )

H HB

A

QH Ain QH Bin QH A QH B H A H B

A

B

A B

Example

Two pumps are arranged in series as shown below. Their characteristic curves are shown

in the following figure. The static head for the system is 80 ft. The pipeline consists of 6

in-diameter pipe of 1200 ft length. The total minor head loss coefficient is 20 and the

Darcy-Weisbach friction factor f is 0.022. Determine the operation condition and the

power input.

400

80

Efficieny curve

for Pump B

360

70

Efficieny curve

for Pump A

320

60

50

240

200

40

160

30

120

80

Efficiency (%)

Head H (ft)

280

20

10

40

0

0

200

400

600

800

0

1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400

Capacity Q (gpm)

10

Solution:

pump A and pump B can be plotted as

shown in the figure below:

2. The system curve can be calculated

using the following equation and

plotted in the figure above:

H 80 h f hm

8 fLQ 2

8Q 2

80

k

g 2 d 5

g 2 d 4

8Q 2

0.022 1200 20

80

(

)

32.2 3.1416 2

0.55

0.5 4

80 29.3Q 2

11

3.

system curves:

Q = 1080 gpm, H = 258 ft

4.

For Pump A: HA = 152 ft, hA = 69%

For Pump B: HB = 106 ft, hB = 75%

5.

Overall efficiency:

6.

HA HB

H A / A H B /B

152 106

71.9%

152 / 69 106 / 75

Input Power:

Input..Power

QH

550

550 0.719

97.9hp

12

400

80

75%

Efficieny curve

for Pump B

360

69%

70

320

50

240

200

40

160

30

120

80

Efficiency (%)

280

Head H (ft)

60

Efficieny curve

for Pump A

20

10

40

1080

0

0

200

400

600

800

0

1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400

Capacity Q (gpm)

13

Net positive suction pressure (NPSH) is defined as the absolute pressure

ps

V

e

NPSH

s w

2g

Vs = Velocity at suction inlet

ew = Vapor pressure

NPSH

Po

z hL

ew

po = Vapor pressure

z = Vertical distance from reservoir surface to the suction inlet.

hL = Head loss for the suction pipe

14

To avoid cavitation due to formation of vapor pockets,

be larger than the required NPSH provided by the

manufacturer.

This requirement also may be expressed in terms of

= NPSH/(total pump head)

To avoid cavitation, should be higher than the critical

0.05 for a specific speed of 1,000 to 1.0 for a specific

speed of 8,000.

15

16

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