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WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN


NOMINAL MIX AND DESIGN MIX
CONCRETE?
Suryakanta | April 3, 2014 | Concrete, Concrete Technology, Materials | No Comments

Mix design is a process of selecting suitable ingredients and determining their relative
proportions with the objective of producing concrete of having certain minimum workability,

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strength and durability as economically as possible.


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Concrete

A mix design can be designed in two ways as explained below


1. Nominal Mix
2. Design

NOMINAL MIX
It is used for relatively unimportant and simpler concrete works. In this type of mix, all the
ingredients are prescribed and their proportions are specified. Therefore there is no scope for
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10/15/2015

WHATISTHEDIFFERENCEBETWEENNOMINALMIXANDDESIGNMIXCONCRETE?|CivilBlog.Org

any deviation by the designer. Nominal mix concrete may be used for concrete of M-20 or
lower. The various ingredients are taken as given in the table below
Grade

Max. quantity of

Fine Aggregate to

Max. Quantity of

dry Aggregates

Coarse Aggregate

water in litres

per 50 kg of

Ratio, by mass

cement

DENSITY TEST OF
HYDRAULIC CEMENT
(ASTM-C-188)
October 14, 2015

CLAY LUMPS AND FRIABLE


PARTICLES IN AGGREGATE
(ASTM-C-142)
October 13, 2015

M-5

800

Generally 1:2 but

60

may varies from


M-7.5

625

1:1.5 to 1:2.5

45

COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH
OF HYDRAULIC CEMENT
MORTAR (ASTM-C-109)
October 12, 2015

M-10

480

34

M-15

330

32

DETERMINATION OF
RODDED UNIT WEIGHT OF
COARSE AGGREGATE
(ASTM-C-29)
October 10, 2015

M-20

250

30

DESIGN MIX
It is a performance based mix where choice of ingredients and proportioning are left to the
designer to be decided. The user has to specify only the requirements of concrete in fresh as

9 FACTORS AFFECTING
DYNAMIC CONE
PENETRATION TEST
RESULT [DCPT]
October 1, 2015

characteristics, whereas in hardened concrete these are mainly the compressive strength and

QUALITY REQUIREMENTS
FOR BURNT CLAY FLY ASH
BUILDING BRICKS

durability.

September 29, 2015

well as hardened state. The requirements in fresh concrete are workability and finishing

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WHATISTHEDIFFERENCEBETWEENNOMINALMIXANDDESIGNMIXCONCRETE?|CivilBlog.Org

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10 DIFFERENT TYPES OF
STAIRS COMMONLY
DESIGNED FOR BUILDINGS

More

September 28, 2015

ADVANTAGES &
DISADVANTAGES OF
PRESTRESSED CONCRETE

September 27, 2015

Tags: Concrete Mix Design

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AND SPACING OF TRIAL
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September 25, 2015

WHAT IS VACUUM CONCRETE

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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
SCAFFOLDING, SHORING &
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AND ITS ADVANTAGES?

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September 24, 2015

No Comments | Jul 19, 2014

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR


Suryakanta
Geotechnical-Material Engineer. You can connect me on Google +.
To know more about me just visit AboutMe

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WHATISTHEDIFFERENCEBETWEENNOMINALMIXANDDESIGNMIXCONCRETE?|CivilBlog.Org

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

QUALITY

10 DIFFERENT TYPES

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN

WHAT ARE THE

SAFE BEARING

WHAT CAUSE DEFECTS

REQUIREMENTS FOR

OF STAIRS

SCAFFOLDING,

ADVANTAGES OF

CAPACITY VALUES OF

IN BRICK MASONRY

BURNT CLAY FLY ASH

COMMONLY

SHORING &

HOLLOW CONCRETE

DIFFERENT SOILS &

AND ITS REMEDIES?

BUILDING BRICKS

DESIGNED FOR

UNDERPINNING

BLOCK MASONRY?

ROCKS

BUILDINGS

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