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# Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch : B.E/B.Tech - P-CHEM/P-CIVIL/P-MECH/PECE/P-EEE

Title of the Paper : Engineering Mathematics - I
Max. Marks:80
Sub. Code : 6CPT0006-SMTX1007 (2008-2009-2010-2011-2012)
Time : 3 Hours
Date :29/11/2012
Session :AN
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A
1.

Find

dy
if y = x 2 e x cos x
dx

2.

Find

du
if u = sin( xy 2 ) where x = log t , y = e t
dt

3.

(10 x 2 = 20)

4.

1

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

sin at
t

## 10. State the convolution theorem of Lapace Tranform.

PART B
11. Find

(5 x 12 = 60)

(1 )
dy
if x x + x x .
dx
(or)
x+ y
u
u tan u
prove that x
+
y
=

y
2
x
y
+

12. If u = sin 1

(tan 1 x) 2 e tan
13. Evaluate
1 + x2

14. Evaluate

( x)

dx

(or)
4

log(1 + tan )d
0

## 15. Find the analytic function

f ( z ) = u + iv if u =

2 cos x cosh y
and find its conjugate.
cos 2 x + cosh 2 y

(or)
16. Find the bilinear transformation which maps the points i, -1, 1 of
the z-plane into the points 0,1, of the w-plane respectively.
17. Evaluate

z+4
z 2 + 2 z + 5 dz where C:|z+1+i|=2 by using Cauchy
c

integral formula.
(or)

18. Evaluate
integration.

x2
( x 2 + a 2 )( x 2 + b 2 ) dx, a>b>0

by

using

contour

19. (a) Find the Laplace transforms of the function f(t) = te-1 cos2t
(b) Find the Laplace transform of
:0 t a
t
f (t ) =
and f(t+2a) = f(t) for all t>0
2
a

t
:
a

2
a

(or)

s +1

## 20. (a) Find L1 2

2
( s + 2 s + 5)

s2
(b) Find L 2 2 2 2 by using convolution theorem.
( s + a )( s + b )
1

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E/B.TECH - (Part Time) CHEM/CIVIL/CSE/

ECE/EEE/MECH
Title of the paper: Engineering Mathematics - I
Semester: I
Max. Marks: 80
Sub.Code: 6CPT0006(2007/2008)
Time: 3 Hours
Date: 08-12-2008
Session: FN
PART A

(10 x 2 = 20)

1.

dy
Find dx , if y = ax.

2.

dy
Find dx , if x2 + y2 = a2.

3.

2u
2u
.
and
2
If u = exy, Find x 2
y

4.

5.

6.

7.

## State Cauchys integral formula.

8.

Evaluate

z
1
dz ,
|
z
+
1
|
<
.
where C is the circle,
z2
2

9.

1
1
L
s ( s + a ) .
Find

## 10. State convolution theorem.

PART B
(5 x 12 = 60)

2x
1
sin
.
2
11. (a) Differentiate
1+ x
x2 + y2
u
u
u = sin
x
y
+
= 0.
Prove that
(b) If
+
x
y
x
y

(or)

dy
12. (a) Find dx , if x3 + y3 = 3axy.
2
2
2

u
u
u
2 2
2
2
+ 2 + 2 = 0.
(b)If ( x + y + z ) , Prove that x 2
y
z

## 13. (a) Evaluate

x 2 e m sin

1 x

dx.

x sin x
dx.
(b) Evaluate 1 + cos 2 x
0
(or)

13 7 x
dx.
14. (a) Evaluate ( x + 2)( x 1)

(b) Evaluate

0

log 2.
2

## 15. (a) If f(z) is regular function, show that

2
2
2 + 2
y
x

2
/
f ( z ) = 4 f ( z ) .

## (b) Find the analytic function w = u + iv, if u = ex(x sin y + y cos

y). Hence find v.
(or)

y
v
=
16. (a) Prove that the functions u = x y and
x 2 + y 2 are
2

harmonic. Is u + iv analytic?
(b) Find the bilinear transformation that maps i, -1, 1 of the zplane in to the points 0, 1, of the w-plane.

17. (a)

Evaluate

circle | z 2 |=

dz
( z 1)( z + 2) 2 where

is

the

1
, using Cauchys integral formula.
2

1
f
(
z
)
=
(b) Find the Laurents series of
z ( z 1) in the region
(i) |z + 1| < 1

## (ii) 1 < |z + 1| < 2

(or)

cos z 2 + sin z 2
dz
18. (a) Evaluate ( z + 1)( z + 2)
where c is |z| = 3, using
C
Cauchys residue theorem.
(b) Find the residues of

z2
f ( z) =
( z 1)( z + 2) 2 at the

isolated singularities.

e at cos bt
.
19. (a) Find the Laplace transform of f (t ) =
t

log1 .
(b) Find the inverse Laplace transform of
s

(or)
t

## 20. (a) find the Laplace transform of

4t
te
sin 3tdt.

1
,
(b) Find the inverse Laplace transform of ( s + 1)( s + 2)
using convolution theorem.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)
Course & Branch: B.E/B.Tech - CHEM/CIVIL/CSE/ECE/EEE/
MECH(Part Time)
Title of the paper: Engineering Mathematics - I
Semester: I
Max.Marks: 80
Sub.Code: 6CPT0006(2006-2007-2008)
Time: 3 Hours
Date: 18-05-2009
Session: FN

1.
2.
3.
4.

PART - A
(10 X 2 = 20)
3
Differentiate sin x sin3x with respect to x.
dx
x
Find
when t = tan ( )
dt
2
Evaluate the integral (3x + 4)dx
Prove that

5.

## Write down C-R Equations in polar form.

6.

z 1
Find the invariant points of the bilinear transformation z + 1 .

7.

1
Evaluate c 2 z + 3 dz Where c is z = 2

## 8. State Cauchys Residues theorem.

9. Find L[(a + bt)2]
10. State Convolution theorem.
PART B
(5 x 12 = 60)
r
r
11. If x = e cos, y = e sin. Show that
2
2u 2u
2u
2r u
+
=e 2 + 2
x 2 y 2

r
(or)

12.

x2 + y2
2z
2z
=
If z = log
verify the relation
xy
xy yx

( x 4) ( x 1) dx

(5)

(5)

(or)
14. (a) Evaluate

(3x + 2)

x 2 + 4 x + 1 dx

(5)

4
5
sin
cos
x
x dx
(b) Evaluate

(5)

## 15. Determine the analytic function f(z) = u+iv if

cos x + sin x e y

uv=
y given that f ( ) = 0
y
2
2 cos x e e

(or)
16. (a) If f(z) = u + iv is an analytic function of z in a doman D then
that 2[f(z)2] = 4f (z)2
(b) Find the bilinear transformation that maps the points , i, 0
0,i, respectively.
17. Expand f(z) =

2
as Laurents series valid in the
( z 1) ( z 3)

2

18. Evaluate

prove
(5)
onto
(5)

following

(ii) 0<z-1<2
(or)

cos 2
d
5 4 cos

cos at cos bt

L
t

(5)

s3

## (b) Find L-1 2

s + 4 s + 13

(5)
(or)

s2
-1
20. Find L ( s 2 + a 2 )( s 2 +b 2 ) using convolution theorem.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E/ B.Tech - CSE/ECE/EEE/MECH/CIVIL/

CHEM (Part Time)
Title of the paper: Engineering Mathematics - I
Semester: I
Max. Marks: 80
Sub.Code: 6CPT0006 (2007/2008 JAN)
Time: 3 Hours
Date: 13-05-2008
Session: FN

1.

PART A
2
Differentiate: x sin 3x.

(10 x 2 = 20)

2.

function.

3.

Evaluate:

4.

5.

6.

7.

log x dx.

f ( z) =

(z + 1) (z 2)

8.

9.

## 10. If f(t) is a periodic function with period P, what is L {f(t)}.

PART B

x 2 x +1
.
11. (a) Differentiate: x 2 + x + 1

(5 x 12 = 60)

(7)

1 + sin x
log
.
(b) Differentiate :
1 sin x

(5)

(or)

d2y
.
12. (a) If x = a cos ; y = b sin; find dx 2

(5)

(b) If u = cos-1

x+ y

; Pr ove that
x+ y

## 13. (a) Evaluate

(b) Evaluate

u
u 1
+y
+ cot u = 0.
(7)
x
y 2

x3
dx
4
x 9

(7)

dx
.
2
x + 3x + 2

(5)

(or)
2 x
x
14. (a) Evaluate e dx.

(5)

(sin x )
(b) Evaluate 0 (sin x ) + (cos x )
3
2

3
2

3
2

dx.

(7)

15. (a) Prove that the real and imaginary parts of an analytic function
satisfy the Laplace equation in two dimensions.
(5)
(b) Prove that the function u = x3 3xy2 + 3x2 3y2 + 1 is
Harmonic. Also find the conjugate Harmonic function and the
corresponding analytic function.
(7)
(or)
16. (a) Find the image of the circle |z| = 2 under the transformation
w = z + 3 + 2i.
(5)
(b) Find the bilinear transformation that maps the points 1 + i; -i;
2 i of the z-plane into the points 0, 1, I of the w-plane. (7)

## 17. (a) Evaluate:

z+4
dz
2
z + 2 z + 5 where C is the circle |z + 1 + i| =

## 2 using Cauchys Integral formula.

(7)

1
(b) Find the Laurrents series of f(z) = z (1 z ) in the region
|z + 1| < 1.

(5)
(or)

18. Evaluate

(x

x2

+a

) (x

+b

dx

e 2t e 4t

t
0

dt
.

(7)

e s

## (b) Find the inverse Laplace transform of (s 2)

(or)
||
|
2t
20. Solve y - 4y + 8y = e ; y(0) = 2; y|(0) = -2.

(s + 3) .

(5)

Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E/B.Tech - P-CIVIL/P-ECE/P-EEE/P-MECH/P-CHEM

Title of the Paper :Engineering Mathematics I
Max. Marks:80
Sub. Code :6CPT0006 (2007-08-09)
Time : 3 Hours
Date :01/12/2011
Session :AN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A
dy
if y = (2 x 5) 6
dx

1.

Find

2.

## Differentiate log a x with respect to x.

3.

Evaluate x 2 e x dx
2

4.

(10 x 2 = 20)

Evaluate

x
1

1
x 1
2

dx

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

## Find the Laplace transform of f(t) = cosat

2z
( z 1) 2 ( z + 2)( z 4)

PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

dy
log x
=
dx (1 + log x) 2

dy
dx

(or)

## 12. (a) If u = sin-1(

x+ y
u
u 1
, prove that x + y = tan u
y 2
x
x+ y

u u u
+
+
=0
x y z

## 14. Prove that

dx =
log( 2 + 1)
sin x + cos x
2 2

(or)
2

log(sin x)dx =

log 2

15. (a) Find the bilinear transformation that maps the points
Z 1 = -i, z 2 = 0, z 3 = i into the points w 1 = -1, w 2 = i, w 3 = i
respectively
(b) Find the image of the circle |z-1| = 1 in the complex plane
under the mapping w=

1
z

(or)
16. (a) Find the analytic function f(z) = u + i if u + =
f(1) = 1.

x
and
x2 + y2

## (b) If f(z) is a regular function of z, prove that

2
2
2 + 2 | f ( z ) |2 = 4 | f ( z ) |2
y
x

z+4
z 2 + 2 z + 5 dz
e

## where C is the circle |z+1-i| = 2

(or)
z 2 2z
18. Evaluate
dz where C is the circle |z| = 3. using
2
2
+
+
(
z
1
)
(
z
4
)
e

residue theorem.
19. Solve by Laplace transform

dx
dy
+ y = sin t ;
+ x = cos t with x=2
dt
dt

(or)

## 20. (a) Find L1 4

4
s + 4a
4 s 2 3s + 5
(b) Find L

2
( s + 1)( s 3s + 2
1

Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E/B.TechP-CIVIL/P-ECE/P-EEE/

P-MECH/P-CHEM (JAN/JUN)
Title of the Paper: Engineering Mathematics - I Max. Marks: 80
Sub. Code: 6CPT0006 (2007/08/09/2010-JAN) Time: 3 Hours
Date: 13/12/2010
Session: FN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.

PART - A
(10 X 2 = 20)
3
3
Find y' if x +y = 3axy.

2.

## State Eulers theorem.

3.

1
Find sin x cos x dx

4.

Find

5.

6.

## Find the image of the hyperbola x2 y2 = 10 under the

transformation w = sin z.

7.

Evaluate

8.

## Expand sin z in a Taylor series about z =

sin

x dx

z
dz , where C is the circle |z| = 1.
z2

9.

ax
Prove That L (e ) =

1
if
sa

s a > 0.

t sin t
10. Find L t dt

0
PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

## 11. If u = log (x3+y3+z3 3xyz) show that

u u u
+
+
=0
(a) x y
z

12. (a) If

=
+
+
(
u
)
(b) x y z
( x + y + z) 2

(or)

x5 + y 5
,
u = log 3
3 Prove that
x +y

u
u
+y
=2
y
x

u u u
+
+
=0
(b) If u = f ( y z , z x, x y ) , Prove that x y z
13. Find integral values of
1
(i) e x + e 1 dx (ii)
(or)
1
sin 1 x
dx
14. (a) Evaluate
x
0

sin x
dx
=
(b) Show that sin x + cos x
4
0
2

log x
dx
2
(1 + log x )

## 15. (a) Prove that an analytic function with constant modulus is

constant.
(b) Find an analytic function whose real part is
e x ( x cos y y sin y )
(or)
16. (a) Find the map of the line x = c ( a non-zero constant) under
the transformation w = sin z.
(b) Find the bilinear transformation, which maps the points
2, 0, 2 into the points w = 0, i, -i respectively.

## 17. (a) Evaluate

sin 6 z

the

(b) Find

f ( z) =

dz

6
Laurents

, if C is |z| = 1.
series

expansion

of

1
z 2 + 3 z + 2 in the region 1 < |z| <2.
(or)

z
( z + 1) 2

residue.
(b) Evaluate

dz

## sin z , where C is |z| = 4.

1 cos 2t
L
,
t

(b)

L1
s ( s + 1)( s + 2)

(or)
20.

sin at
L
,
Find (a) t

s
L1 2
2 2
(b)
(
s
+
a
)

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E/B.Tech - P-CHEM/P-CIVIL/P-CSE/P-ECE/

P-EEE/P-MECH
Title of the Paper :Engineering Mathematics I Max. Marks :80
Sub. Code :6CPT0006
Time : 3 Hours
Date :07/12/2009
Session :FN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.

PART - A
P.T.L [sin at].

(10 x 2 = 20)

2.

3.

Evaluate

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Solve

9.

## State the Eulers theorem.

z
e
c dz where c is |z| = 1.

sin x
1 + cos x dx .

## 10. If y = eax sin bx, P.T y 2 2 ay 1 + (a2 + b2) y =0.

PART B
e 2t cos 3t
11. (a) Find L
.
t

s
(b) L-1 2

2
( s + 1)( s + 4)

(5 x 12 = 60)

(or)
12. (a)

S2
Use convolution theorem to find L 2 2
(s + a )
-1

## (b) Find the L.T of f(t) where f(t) is given by f(t) =

{t ,0 < t < a}{2a t , a < t < 2a. f (t + 2a ) = f (t ).}

z 1

13. Evaluate c
dz where c is the circle lz-il = 2.

2
( z + 1) ( z 2)
(or)
14. (a) Expand cos z about z = -/2 as a Taylors series.
z2 + 4
(b) Evaluate c
dz where c is the circle (i) |z| = 4.
z 3

## 15. Find the bilinear transformation which maps the points z 1 = ,

z 2 = I and z 3 = o into the points w 1 = o, w 2 = i and w 3 = .
(or)
16. (a) Discuss the transformation w = c+z, where c is a complex
constant.
(b) P.T ( 2 / x 2 + 2 / y 2 ) if (z)12 = 4 If(z)12.
sin x cos x
(sin x + cos x) dx
(b) Solve I = x 2 log xdx

## 17. (a) Solve I =

(or)
18. Solve I =

1
( x 1) 2 ( x 2 + 1) dx

## 19. (a) If Z = u2+v2, x = u2-v2, y = uv, find z / x .

(b) Verify Eulers theorem, U = x2+y2+2xy.
(or)
20. (a) x = sin t, y = sin pt P.T (1 x2) y x y' + p2 y = 0.
(b) If sin-1 x, P.T (1 x2) y n+2 (2n+1) x y n+1 n2 y n = 0.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E/B.Tech - P-CHEM/P-CIVIL/P-CSE/P-ECE/

P-EEE/P-MECH
Title of the Paper :Engineering Mathematics I Max. Marks :80
Sub. Code :6CPT0006
Time : 3 Hours
Date :14/05/2010
Session :FN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A

(10 x 2 = 20)

dy

1.

## Find dx , if y = (x 1)(x + 3).

2.

2u
Find x 2 , if u = e2x.

3.

2
5
Evaluate (2 x + 7) 4 xdx

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

## 11. Find the partial differential coefficients of x2y with respect to x

and y, and its total differential coefficient with respect to x when
x and y are connected by the relation x2+xy + y2 = 1.
(or)

u u u
12. (a) If u = f(x-y, y-z, z-x) show that x + y + z = 0

(b) If

u=e

x2 + y2

u
u
x
+
y
= 4u
prove that x
y
2

e dx

(b)

x 2 5x
dx
( x 2 9)( x + 1)

(or)
2

## 14. (a) Integrate

x 2 + 3x + 4

dx

(b)

1
dx
( 2 x + 1)( x + 2)

## 15. If f(z) is a regular function of z, prove that

2
2
2
2
2 + 2 | f ( z) | = 4 | f ' ( z) |
y
x
(or)
16. (a) Find the image of the circle |z| = 2 by the transformation
w = z+3+2i.
(b) Find the bilinear transformation that maps the points (-i,0,i)
into the points (-1,i,1).
17. (a) Obtain

Tailors

series

to

represent

the

function

z 2 1
in the region |z|<2.
( z + 2)( z + 3)

1
(b) Evaluate, using Cauchy integral formula 2i

## the circle |z| = 4

z2 +5
dz on
z 3

(or)

z2 2z
18. Evaluate ( z + 1) 2 ( z 2 + 4) dz where C is the circle |z| = 3
C
using residue theorem.

s
1
L
19. (a) Find
( s 2 + a 2 ) 2 using Convolution theorem.

s ( s + 1)
1
(b) Find L log ( s 2 + 1)

(or)
20. Find the Laplace transform of the Half wave rectifiers function

sin t
f (t ) =
0

<t <

0<t <

withf t +
= f (t )

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E Mechanical (Part Time)

Title of the paper: Materials Science and Metallurgy
Semester: I
Sub.Code: 615PT104(2007-2008-2009)
Date: 26-05-2009

Max.Marks: 80
Time: 3 Hours
Session: FN

1.

PART - A
(10 X 2 = 20)
What is deformation by slip?

2.

3.

4.

## What are the purposes of alloying?

5.

What is martensite?

6.

## What is the purpose of annealing and normalizing a metal?

7.

Define sintering.

8.

9.

## 10. Explain the difference between, endurance limit and fatigue

strength.

PART B
(5 x 12 = 60)
11. Explain briefly the various crystal structures with their
coordination number and atomic packing factor.
(or)
12. State and explain the Braggs law of x-ray diffraction. What are
its uses?
13. Explain in details the composition and uses of important
aluminium and copper alloys.
(or)
14. Draw the iron-iron carbide diagram, explain various phases of the
diagram.
15. Explain the theory of tempering. What are the effects of
tempering on the mechanical properties of steel?
(or)
16. Write short notes on the following:
(a) Annealing
(b) Age hardening
17. What is powder metallurgy? Explain Various methods of
manufacturing metal powder.
(or)
18. Write short notes on the following:
(a) Blending
(b) Hot pressing
(c) Infiltration
19. Describe tensile testing of mild steel. What are the data one can
get from such a test?
(or)
20. What is brittle fracture? Explain Griffiths crack theory.

Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper : Materials Science and Metallurgy Max. Marks:80
Sub. Code : 615PT104 (2008-2009-2010)
Time : 3 Hours
Date :04/12/2012
Session :AN
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.

PART - A
What is atomic packing factor?

(10 x 2 = 20)

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

## 10. What is meant by Ductile Brittle transition?

PART B
11. Explain the following.
(a) Congruent transformation
(b) Solidus line and liquidus line
(c) Crystal systems
(or)

(5 x 12 = 60)

## 12. Draw the equilibrium diagram for two metals completely

miscible in the liquid state and partially miscible in the solid
state. Show how the diagram can be used to predict the
equilibrium proportions of phases present for two alloys.
13. Explain the Iron Iron carbide diagram, the various equilibrium
structures present and the invariant reactions of the diagram.
(or)
14. What are the classifications of cast iron? Explain in detail.
15. Explain the TTT diagram for Eutectoid Steel with a neat sketch.
(or)
16. Write short notes on:
(a) Cooling transformation diagram
(b) age hardening
(c) Normalizing
(d) Tempering.
17. State the advantages, limitations and applications of Powder
Metallurgy technique.
(or)
18. What are the different supplementary operations in powder
metallurgy technique? Explain their need.
19. Explain the Griffith theory of Brittle Fracture. What is Endurance
Limit?
(or)
20. Explain the following
(a) Fatigue Failure
(b) Brittle Fracture
(c) Crack propagation.

Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper :Material Science and Metallurgy
Sub. Code :615PT104 (2008-09-10)
Date :10/12/2011

Max. Marks:80
Time : 3 Hours
Session :AN

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.

PART - A
What is FCC crystal system?

(10 x 2 = 20)

2.

3.

## Draw the diagram for cooling curve of pure iron.

4.

What is the composition of gun metal and what are its uses?

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

## 10. What is meant by Ductile Brittle transition?

PART B
(5 x 12 = 60)
11. Explain BCC, FCC and simple cubic crystal systems and
calculate the atomic radius, no of atoms, atomic packing factor
for them
(or)
12. Draw the equilibrium diagram for two metals completely
miscible in the liquid state and partially miscible in the solid

## state. Show how the diagram can be used to predict the

equilibrium proportions of phases present for two alloys. Sketch
the microstructures you would obtain in the two alloys chosen.
13. Draw the Iron Iron carbide diagram and label the phase fields,
explain the various equilibrium structures and invariant reactions
of the diagram.
(or)
14. What are the classifications of cast iron? Explain in detail.
15. Draw neatly the TTT diagram for Eutectoid Steel and explain the
importance of the diagram.
(or)
16. Write short notes on:
(a) Cooling transformation diagram
(b) age hardening
(c) Normalizing
(d) Tempering.
17. Contrast mechanical and hydraulic compacting presses with
(or)
18. Explain with a sketch the various steps involved in producing
powder metallurgy parts?
19. Explain the following
(a) Fatigue Failure
(b) Brittle Fracture
(c) Crack propagation
(or)
20. Explain the following.
(a) Modes of fracture
(b) Cup and cone fracture
(c) Fracture toughness.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E Mechanical (Part Time)

Title of the paper: Materials Science and Metallurgy
Semester: I
Max. Marks: 80
Sub.Code: 615PT104 (2007-2008)
Time: 3 Hours
Date: 18-12-2008
Session: FN
PART A

(10 x 2 = 20)

1.

## What is the atomic packing factor for F.C.C and B.C.C

structures?

2.

Define allotrophy.

3.

What is brazing?

4.

## What is the effect of chromium and copper in cast iron?

5.

What is hardenability?

6.

7.

8.

9.

## 10. What are the types of creep?

PART B
11. Explain the following:
(a) Structure of metals and alloys
(b) X-ray diffraction
(or)

(5 x 12 = 60)

## 12. Give a brief account of the following:

(a) Crystal defects
(b) Miller indices.
13. What do you mean by cooling curves of pure Fe? Explain the
critical points in Fe-Fe 3 C equilibrium diagrams.
(or)
14. What are the types of cast iron and explain them in detail?
15. Distinguish between the following:
(a) Annealing and Normalising
(b) Austempering and Martempering
(c) Bainite and Martensite.
(or)
16. Explain in detail the following:
(a) Heat treatment of non ferrous alloys of Aluminium
(b) Precipitation hardening.
17. Discuss different methods of powder production. Discuss the
advantages and limitations of each one of them.
(or)
18. Discuss in detail the following:
(a) Sintering
(b) Different methods of sampling
19. (a) Draw the strain curve for mild steel and brittle material and
Explain
(8)
(b) Discuss the impact strength.
(4)
(or)
20. Define fracture. Explain the types of fracture. Which type of
fracture is preferable? Why?

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E Mechanical (Part Time)

Title of the paper: Materials Science and Metallurgy
Semester: I
Max. Marks: 80
Sub.Code: 615PT104 (2007/2007 JAN/2008 JAN) Time: 3 Hours
Date: 22-05-2008
Session: FN

1.

PART A
What are Miller Indices?

(10 x 2 = 20)

2.

3.

## How will you classify cast iron?

4.

What is soldering?

5.

## What is meant by hardening of a metal?

6.

What is sintering?

7.

Hooks Law.

8.

9.

## 10. What is Endurance Limit?

PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

11. (a) Draw the Iron-Carbon phase diagram and explain its different
region.
(8)
(b) Explain the deformation by slip.
(4)
(or)
12. (a) Draw the unit cells of BCC, FCC and HCP crystals and
compare the packing efficiency in them.
(8)
(b) Explain allotropic transformations with examples
(4)
13. Explain in detail the composition and uses of important AI and
Cu alloys.
(or)
14. Explain in detail the effects of Carbon, silicon, Manganese,
Nickel, Chromium and Copper elements in cast iron.
15. Write short notes on the following:
(a) Annealing
(b) TTT diagram
(or)
16. Describe in detail the heat treatment of non-ferrous alloys.
17. Write short notes on the following:
(a) Age hardening
(b) Precipitation hardening
(or)
18. (a) Write the advantages and applications of powder metallurgy.
(4)
(b) Explain the following (i) Compacting (ii) Hot pressing (8)
19. (a) Explain with a neat diagram the different stages in creep
curve.
(b) State the different causes of fatigue failure.
(or)
20. (a) Discuss Griffths theory on brittle fracture.
(b) With neat sketches, explain the various stages of ductile
feature.

Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E-P-MECH

Title of the Paper: Materials Science and Metallurgy Max. Marks: 80
Sub. Code: 615PT104 (2007/08/09/2010-JAN)
Time: 3 Hours
Date: 08/12/2010
Session: FN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.

PART - A
(10 X 2 = 20)
What do you mean by Allotropy of metals?

2.

3.

4.

metal?

5.

6.

7.

bearings.

8.

9.

What is creep?

## 10. Name the important mechanical tests, which give valuable

PART B
11. Describe briefly with neat diagram
(a) Substitutional solid solution.
(b) Interstitial solid solution.
(or)
12. What is an equilibrium diagram?
objectives.

(5 x 12 = 60)

## 13. State the effect of adding following alloying elements to steel:

(or)
14. What are the typical alloys of copper used in engineering?
Describe briefly their composition and uses.
15. What are the objectives of heat treatment of metals? Distinguish
between full annealing and process annealing.
(or)
16. Describe briefly the following processes of surface hardening.
(a) Nitriding
(b) Flame hardening.
17. What is meant by powder metallurgy? Mention the metals,
which are commonly made in powder form.
(or)
18. What are self lubricated bearings? How are they produced?
19. Discuss the significance of the following terms in a tensile test:
(a) Limit of proportionality
(b) Yield point
(c) Elastic limit
(d) Maximum stress.
(or)
20. Draw a typical creep curve and explain different stages of creep.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper :Materials Science and Metallurgy Max. Marks :80
Sub. Code :615PT104
Time : 3 Hours
Date :17/12/2009
Session :FN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A

(10 x 2 = 20)

1.

2.

3.

## How will you classify cast iron?

4.

Define soldering.

5.

6.

7.

Hooks Law.

8.

9.

## 10. How will you identify the fatigue failure?

PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

11. Explain the Iron-Carbon phase diagram and its different region.
(or)
12. Draw the unit cells of BCC, FCC and HCP crystals and compare
the packing efficiency in them.
13. Explain in detail about the Fe- Fe3C diagram.
(or)
14. Explain in detail the effects of Carbon, Silicon, Manganese,
Nickel, Chromium and Copper elements in cast iron.
15. Write short notes on the following:
(a) Annealing
(b) TTT diagram
(or)
16. Describe in detail the heat treatment of non-ferrous alloys.
17. Write short notes on the Precipitation hardening
(or)
18. Explain the following:
(a) Sizing
(b) Infiltration
19. (a) Explain with a neat diagram the different stages in creep
curve.
(b) State the different causes of fatigue failure.
(or)
20. Discuss Griffths theory on brittle fracture.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper :Materials Science and Metallurgy Max. Marks :80
Sub. Code :615PT104
Time : 3 Hours
Date :24/05/2010
Session :FN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

(10 x 2 = 20)

## Define covalent bond.

Explain the term allotropy.
Draw the - diagram for steel.
Define the term Luders band.
What is dispersion hardening?
Write the important properties of aluminium.
Define critical cooling rate.
Represent any two stepped quenching process.
Differentiate steel and cast iron.
PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

11. Derive and explain the packing of atoms to form the SC, BCC
and FCC.
(or)
12. Explain in detail about the point, line and planar defects.
13. Writes short notes on
(a) Ductile and brittle material
(b) Viscous deformation
(or)
14. Discuss in detail about dispersion hardening.

15. Write in detail about the tensile testing and explain the related
(or)
16. Discuss in detail about the fatigue testing method and the
importance of fatigue strength to engineering materials.
17. Draw the Fe Fe 3 C diagram labeling all regions, lines and phase
reactions.
(or)
18. Write a detail account on cast iron.
19. Draw legibly and explain about the TTT diagram.
(or)
20. Explain the following with suitable diagram.
(a) Precipitation hardening
(b) Nitriding.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E Mechanical (Part Time)

Title of the paper: Engineering Thermodynamics
Semester: I
Sub.Code: 615PT103(2006/2007/2008)
Date: 13-12-2008

Max. Marks: 80
Time: 3 Hours
Session: FN

PART A

(10 x 2 = 20)

1.

2.

## Sow that the enthalpy of a fluid before throttling is equal to that

after throttling.

3.

Define availability.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

## 11. A fluid is confined in a cylinder by a spring loaded, frictionless

piston so that the pressure in the fluid is a linear function of the
volume (p = a + bv). The internal energy of the fluid is given by
the following equation U=34+3.15PV. Where U is in kJ, p in
kPa and V in cubic mete. If the fluid changes from an initial state
of 170 kPa, 0.03 m3 to a final state of 400 kPa, 0.06 m3, with no
work other than that done on the piston, find the direction and
magnitude of the work and heat transfer.
(or)
12. A room of four persons as two fans, each consuming 0.18kW
power, and three 100 w lamps. Ventilation at the rate of 80 kg/h
enters with an enthalpy of 84 kj/kg and leaves with an enthalpy of
59 kj/kg. If each person puts out heat at the rate of 630 kg/h,
determine the rate at which heat is to be removed by a room
cooler, so that a steady state is maintained in the room.
13. (a) Show the equivalents of clausius of and Kelvin statement of
second law.
(b) A domestic food freezer maintains a temperature of -15C.
the ambient air temperature is 30C. if heat leaks into the freezer
at the continuous rate of 1.75kj/s, what is the least power
necessary to pump this heat out continuously?
(or)
14. (a) Derive the expression for the change in entropy during
isothermal process, constant volume process and constant
pressure process.
(b) 2 kg of water at 94C is mixed with 3 kg of water at 10C in
an isolated system. Calculate the change in entropy due to mixing
process.

## 15. Steam initially at 1.5 MPa, 300C expands reversibly and

adiabatically in a steam turbine to 40C. Determine the ideal
work output of the turbine per kg of steam.
(or)
16. (a) Show that for an ideal gas, the slope of the constant volume
line on the T-s diagram is more than that of the constant pressure
line.
(b) A certain gas has C p =1.968 and C V= 1.507 kj/kg K. find its
molecular weight and the gas constant.
17.

## An air standard dual, cycle has a compression ratio of 16, and

compression begins at 1bar, 50C. the maximum pressure
is
70bar. The heat transfer to air at constant pressure is equal to
that at constant volume. Estimate
(a) The pressures and temperatures at cardinal points of the cycle,
(b) the cycle efficiency, and
(c) the i.e. of the cycle C p of the cycle C p =1.005 kj/kg K and
C v =0.718 kj/kg K.
(or)
18. A steam power station uses the following cycle:
Steam at boiler outlet 150 bar, 550C
Reheat at 40 bars to 550C
Condenser at 0.1 bar
Using the mollier chart and assuming ideal process, find the
(a) Quality at turbine exhaust
(b) Cycle efficiency and
(c) steam rate.
19. (a) Derive the Maxwells equations.
(b) Write down the first and second Tds equations.
(or)
20. Calculate the stoichiometric air required for the complete
combustion of 1 kg of normal heptanes C 7 H 16 also. Calculate the
percentage analysis of the product on a mass and molar basis.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E Mechanical (Part Time)

Title of the paper: Engineering Thermodynamics
Semester: I
Sub.Code: 615PT103(2006-07-08-09)
Date: 22-05-2009

Max.Marks: 80
Time: 3 Hours
Session: FN

PART - A
(10 X 2 = 20)
1. Define Zeroth law of thermodynamics.
2. What do you understand about path and point functions?
3. Define the tem entropy.
4. State Clausius statement for second law of thermodynamics.
5. What is triple point?
6. Define compressibility factor.
7. Draw PV and TS diagram for diesel cycle.
8. List the advantages of reheating cycle.
9. Define calorific value.
10. What is stoichiometric ratio?
PART B
(5 x 12 = 60)
11. (a) Define and explain first law of thermodynamics.
(b) Show that energy is a property of system.
(or)
12. In a steam power station, steam flows steadily through a 0.2m
diameter pipe line from the boiler to the turbine. At the boiler end,
the steam conditions are found to be p = 4MPa, t = 400C, h = 3213.6
kJ/kg, and v = 0.073m3/kg. At the turbine end the conditions are
found to be: p = 3.5 MPa, t = 392C, h = 3202.6 kJ/kg, and v =
0.084m3/kg. There is a heat loss of 8.5 kJ/kg from the pipe line.
Calculate the steam flow rate.
13. (a) Give the Kelvin-Planck statement of the second law explain.
(b) State and prove Clausius theorem.

(or)
14. A reversible heat engine operates between two reservoirs at
temperatures of 600C and 40C. The engine drives a reversible
refrigerator which operates between reservoirs at temperatures of
40C and -20C. The heat transfer to the heat engine is 2000 kJ and
the net work output of the combined engine refrigerator plant is 360
kJ.
(a) Evaluate the heat transfer to the refrigerant and the net heat
transfer to the reservoir at 40C.
(b) Reconsider (a) given that the efficiency of the heat engine and the
COP of the refrigerator are each 40% of their maximum possible
values.
15. Explain

## (a) Daltons law of partial pressure

(b) Vander Waals equation of state.
(or)
16. The neon gas has a molecular weight of 20.183 and its critical
temperature, pressure and volume are 44.5 K, 2.73 MPa and 0.0416
m3/kg. mol. Reading from a compressibility chart for a reduced
pressure of 2 and a reduced temperature of 1.3 the compressibility
factor Z is 0.7. What are the corresponding specific volume, pressure,
temperature and reduced volume.
17. 1 kg of air is taken through a diesel cycle. Initially the air is at 15C
and 1 atm. The compression ratio is 15 and the heat added is 1850 kJ.
Calculate the ideal cycle efficiency and mean effective pressure.
(or)
18. Explain with a neat diagram the working of a Binary vapour cycle.
19. Derive Maxwells equation.
(or)
20. In a boiler, trial the analysis of the coal used is as follows:
C = 22%, H 2 = 3.5%, O 2 = 6.5%, remainder incombustible matter.
The dry flue gas has the following composition by volume:
CO 2 = 8%, CO = 1.5%, N2 = 80.5%, O 2 = 10%, determine
(a) minimum weight of air required per kg of coal.
(b) Percentage excess air

Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper : Engineering Thermodynamics
Sub. Code : 615PT103 (2008-2009-2010)
Date :24/11/2012

Max. Marks:80
Time : 3 Hours
Session :AN

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.

PART - A
(10 x 2 = 20)
What is meant by thermodynamic system? How do you classify
it?

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

## Briefly explain the binary vapour cycle.

9.

10. What are secondary fuels? List some important secondary fuels.

PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

## 11. A mass of air is initially at 260 C and 70 Kpa and occupies

0.028m. The air is expanded at constant pressure to0.084m. A
polytropic process with n=1.5 is then carried out, followed by a
constant temperature process. All the process are reversible. (i)
Sketch the process of air in P-V and T-S diagram (ii) heat
received and rejected (iii) find the efficiency of the cycle.
(or)
12. A room for four persons has two fans, each consuming 0.18KW
power and three 100W lamps. Ventilation air at the rate of 80
kg/hr enters with an enthalpy of 84 kj/kg and leaves with an
enthalpy of 59 kj/kg. If each person puts out heat at the rate of
630 kj/hr, determine the rate at which heat is to be removed by a
room cooler, so that a steady state is maintained in the room.
13. Two Carnot engines A and B are operated in series. The first one
receives heat at 870K and rejects to a reservoir at temperature T.
The second engine receives the heat rejected by the first engine
and in turns rejects to a heat reservoir at 300K. Calculate the
temperature t in C for the following cases. (a) The work output
of the two engines are equal and (b) the efficiencies of the two
engines are equal.
(or)
14. 5 Kg of air expands isothermally from 1m to 5m. Assuming air
to be an ideal gas with constant specific heats, compute change in
entropy of air during the process.
15. A mixture of ideal gas consists of 2 kg of nitrogen and 6 kg of
carbon dioxide at a pressure of 300Kpa and a temperature of 20
C. Find (1) the mole fraction of each constituent (2) the
equivalent molecular weight of the mixture (3) the equivalent gas
constant of the mixture (4) the partial pressures and partial

volumes (5) the volume and the density of the mixture 6) cp and
cv of the mixture.
(or)
16. Steam at 7 bar and 0.9 dryness fraction expands isothermally to
1.5 bar. Calculate change in internal energy and change in
enthalpy?
17. Derive the efficiency for Otto cycle
(or)
18. In steam generator compressed liquid water at 10 Mpa, 30 C
enters a 30mm dia tube at the rate of 3 lit/sec. Steam at 9
Mpa.400 C exits the tube. Find the rate of heat transfer to the
water.
19. Derive the Vander walls gas equation
(or)
20. The volumetric analysis of a dry coal burnt in a boiler gauge C84%, H 2 -9%, and incombustibles 7% by weight. Determine the
weight of dry flue gas per kg of coal burnt, if volumetric
combustion of the flue gas is CO 2 -8.75%, CO-2.25%, O 2 -80%,
N 2 -81%

Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper :Engineering Thermodynamics
Sub. Code :615PT103 (2007-08-09-10)
Date :05/12/2011

Max. Marks:80
Time : 3 Hours
Session :AN

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.

PART - A
(10 x 2 = 20)
Explain the First law of thermodynamics

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Define

7.

8.

9.

## (b) volume fraction

10. What is the difference between higher heating value (HHV) and
Lower heating value (LHV) of fuel?

PART B
(5 x 12 = 60)
11. 0.5 kg of air initially at 25 C is heated reversibly at constant
pressure until the volume is doubled and is then heated reversibly
at constant volume until the pressure is doubled. For the total
path, find the work transfer, the heat transfer and change in
entropy. Sketch the process of air in P-V and T-S diagram.
(or)
12. A room for four persons has two fans, each consuming 0.18KW
power and three 100W lamps. Ventilation air at the rate of 80
kg/hr enters with an enthalpy of 84 kj/kg and leaves with an
enthalpy of 59 kj/kg. If each person puts out heat at the rate of
630 kj/hr, determine the rate at which heat is to be removed by a
room cooler, so that a steady state is maintained in the room.
13. A reversible heat engine operating between reservoirs 900K and
300K drives a reversible refrigerator operating between the
reservoirs at 300K and 250K. The engine receives 1800kj heat.
The net output from the combined engine refrigerator is 360 Kj.
Find the heat transfer to the refrigerant and the net heat rejected
to the reservoir at 300K.
(or)
14. Derive the expression for entropy changes for a closed system in
the following cases
(a) Heating of a gas at constant pressure
(b) Polytrophic process
15. A mixture of ideal gas consists of 2 kg of nitrogen and 6 kg of
carbon dioxide at a pressure of 300Kpa and a temperature of 20
C. Find (i) the mole fraction of each constituent (ii) the
equivalent molecular weight of the mixture (iii) the equivalent
gas constant of the mixture (iv) the partial pressures and partial
volumes (v) the volume and the density of the mixture (vi) cp and
cv of the mixture.

(or)
16. Steam at 7 bar and 0.9 dryness fraction expands isothermally to
1.5 bar. Calculate change in internal energy and change in
enthalpy?
17. Derive the efficiency for diesel cycle.
(or)
18. In a rankine cycle, the steam flows to turbine as saturated steam
at a pressure of 35 bar and the exhaust pressure is 0.2 bar.
Determine (i) pump work (ii) turbine work (iii) efficiency of
cycle (iv) condenser heat flow (v) the dryness fraction at the end
of expansion. The mass flow rate of steam is 9.5 kg/sec
19. The volumetric analysis of a dry coal burnt in a boiler gauge C84%,H 2 -9%,and incombustibles 7% by weight. Determine the
weight of dry flue gas per kg of coal burnt, if volumetric
combustion of the flue gas is CO 2 -8.75%, CO-2.25%,O 2 80%,N 2 -81%
(or)
20. Derive Maxwell thermodynamic relation and explain their
importance in thermodynamics

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E Mechanical (Part Time)

Title of the paper: Engineering Thermodynamics
Semester: I
Max. Marks: 80
Sub.Code: 615PT103 (2006/2007/2007 JAN/2008 JAN)
Time: 3 Hours
Date: 20-05-2008
Session: FN

1.

PART A
(10 x 2 = 20)
State the different types of Thermodynamic systems.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

## State Daltons law of partial pressure.

7.

Sketch Otto cycle on p-v diagram and name all the processes.

8.

Draw the T-S diagram of a simple Rankine cycle and show that
processes.

9.

## 10. Define Joule Thompson coefficient.

PART B
(5 x 12 = 60)
11. Air at 1.02 bar, 22C, initially occupying a cylinder volume of
0.015 m3, is compressed reversibly and adaiabatically by a piston
to a pressure of 6.8 bar. Calculate:
(a) The final temperature
(b) The final volume
(c) The work done on the mass of air in the cylinder.
(or)
12. In a certain steady flow process, 12kg of fluid per minute enters
at a pressure of 1.4 bar, density 25kg/m3, velocity 120m/sec and
internal energy 920kJ/kg. The fluid properties at exit are pressure
5.6 bar, density 5kg/m3, velocity 180m/sec and internal energy
720 kJ/kg. During the process, the fluid rejects 60 kJ/sec of heat
and rises through 60m. Determine work done during the process
in kW.
13. Draw p-v and T-S diagram of Carnot cycle and derive the
expression for thermal efficiency of the cycle.
(or)
14. A heat pump provides 3 x 104kJ/h to maintain a dwelling at 23C
on day when the outside temperature is 0C. The power input to
the heat pump is 4kW. Determine the COP of the heat pump and
compare it with the COP of a reversible heat pump operating
between the reservoirs at the same two temperatures.
15. Estimate the quantity of heat required to produce 5kg of steam at
6 bar from water at 0C, when the steam is 80% dry and when it
is at 300C. Take Cp of superheated steam as 2.3 kJ/kgK.
(or)
16. A mixture of ideal gases consists of 3 kg of Nitrogen and 5kg of
carbon dioxide at a pressure of 300 kPa and a temperature of
20C. Find
(a) the mole fraction of each constituent

## (b) The equivalent molecular weight of the mixture

(c) The equivalent gas constant of the mixture.
17. In an air standard Otto cycle, compression begins at 1 bar and
40C., with a compression ratio of 7.0. The heat added is 2500
kJ/kg. Find maximum temperature, maximum pressure of the
cycle, work done per kg of air and cycle efficiency.
(or)
18. Steam at 50 bar, 400C expands in a Rankine engine to 0.34 bar.
Neglecting pump work, for 1.5 kg/sec if steam, determine:
(a) The power developed
(b) Thermal efficiency
19. Derive the Maxwells relations.
(or)
20. The products of combustion of an known hydrocarbon C X H Y
have the following composition as measured by an orsat
apparatus:
CO 2 8.0%, CO 0.9% O 2 8.8% and N 2 82.3%
Determine (a) The composition of the fuel, (b) The air-fuel ratio

Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E-P-MECH (JAN/JUN)

Title of the Paper: Engineering Thermodynamics Max. Marks: 80
Sub. Code: 615PT103 (2007/08/09/2010-JAN) Time: 3 Hours
Date: 10/12/2010
Session: FN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.

PART - A
(10 X 2 = 20)
State zeroth law of thermodynamics.

2.

3.

4.

## State any four causes of irreversibility.

5.

Define compressibility.

6.

## State Daltons law of partial pressure.

7.

Sketch diesel cycle on p-v diagram and name all the processes.

8.

Draw the T-S diagram of a brayton cycle and show the processes.

9.

## 10. Define Stoichiometric Air and excess air.

PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

11. 2 kg of air at 1.1 bar, 27C is compressed to 6.6bar as per the law
pv1.3 = constant. Calculate the work done, heat transfer and
change in entropy. Assume C p = 1.03kJ/kgK and = 1.4 for air.
(or)
12. A steady flow thermodynamic system receives fluid at the rate of
7kg/min with an initial pressure of 1.5bar, initial velocity of
200m/sec, internal energy of 800kJ/kg and density 24kg/m3. The
fluid leaves the system at a pressure of 7.5bar, velocity of
150m/sec internal energy 730kJ/kg and density 4kg/m3. If the
fluid receives 100kJ/kg of heat during its flow through the system
and rises through 70metres, determine the work done during the
process.
13. A domestic food freezer maintains a temperature of - 15C. The
ambient air temperature is 30C. If the heat leaks into the freezer
at the continuous rate of 1.75kJ/s what is the least power
necessary to pump this heat out continuously?
(or)
14. Explain the operation of a cyclic refrigerator plant with a block
diagram.
15. Steam at 10bar and 0.95dry is available. Find the final dryness
fraction of steam, using steam tables if 160kJ of heat is removed
per kg of steam at constant pressure.
(or)
16. A mixture of ideal gases consists of 3kg of Nitrogen and 5kg of
carbon dioxide at a pressure of 300kPa and a temperature of
20C. Find (a)
the mole fraction of each constituent (b) The
equivalent molecular weight of the mixture (c) The equivalent
gas constant of the mixture.

## 17. An engine of 250mm bore and 375mm stroke works on Otto

cycle. The clearance volume is .00263m3. The initial pressure and
temperature are 1bar and 50C. If the maximum pressure is
limited to 25bar, find (i) The air standard efficiency of the cycle
(ii) The mean effective pressure for the cycle.
(or)
18. Steam at 20bar, with a degree of superheat of 80C is supplied by
a boiler 1.5kg/sec to a turbine. It is expanded isentropically to
0.07bar. Determine the quality of steam after expansion, heat
supplied in the boiler in kW heat rejected in the condenser in kW,
power generated and thermal efficiency neglecting pump work.
19. Derive the Maxwells relations.
(or)
20. Obtain an expression for Joule Thomson coefficient for an ideal
gas. Explain the experimental setup used for the same.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper :Engineering Thermodynamics Max. Marks :80
Sub. Code :615PT103
Time : 3 Hours
Date :12/12/2009
Session :FN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A
(10 x 2 = 20)
1. What is meant by equilibrium?
2. Define enthalpy.
3. Describe clausins statement of the second law.
4. Define Entropy.
5. State Vander Waals equation.
6. Define compressibility.
7. Draw carnot cycle.
8. List out the actual vapour cycle losses.
9. What is meant by air-fuel ratio?
10. What is meant by heat value of fuels?
PART B
(5 x 12 = 60)
11. In a steam power station,m steam flows steadily through a 0.2 m
diameter pipeline from the boiler to the turbine. At the boiler
end, the steam conditions are found to be p = 4 mpa, t = 400C, h
= 3213.61kJ/kg and v = 0.073 m3/kg. At the turbine end, the
conditions are found to be p = 3.5 MPA, t = 392C, h = 3202.6
kJ/kg and v= 0.083 m3/kg. There is a heat loss of 805 kJ/kg from
the pipeline. Calculate the steam flow rate.
(or)
12. The air speed of a turbojet engine in flight is 270 m/s. Ambient
air temperature-15C. Gas temperature at outlet of nozzle is
600C. Corresponding enthalpy values for air and gas are
respectively 260 and 912 kJ/kg. Fuel air ratio is 0.0190.

## Chemical energy of the fuel is 44.5 mJ/kg Owing to internal

combustion 5% of the chemical energy is not released in the
reaction. Heat loss from the engine is 21kJ/kg of air. Calculate
the velocity of the exhaust Jet.
13. Explain in detail the causes of irreversibility.
(or)
14. A domestic food freezer maintains a temperature of -15C. The
ambient air temperature is 30C. If heat leaks into the freezer at
the continuous rate of 1.75 kJ/s, what is the least power necessary
to pump this heat out continuously?
15. A vessel of volume 0.04m3 contains a mixture of saturated water
and saturated steam at a temperature of 250C. The mass of the
liquid present is 9kg. Find the pressure, the mass, the specific
volume, the enthalpy, the entropy and the internal energy.
(or)
16. Derive Daltons law of partial pressure.
17. Explain in detail binary vapour cycle with neat diagram.
(or)
18. In a single-heater regenerative cycle, the steam enters the turbine
at 30 bar, 400C and the exhaust pressure is 0.10 bar. The feed
water heater is a direct contact type which operates at 5 bar. Find
(a) The efficiency and the steam rate of the cycle.
(b) The increase in mean temperature of heat addition, efficiency
and steam rate, as compared to the Rankine cycle (without
regeneration). Neglect pump work.
19. (a) Explain the different Heat values of fuels.
(b) With the help of a neat sketch explain any one type of
calorimeter.
(or)
20. Discuss in detail the process of exhaust gas analysis.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper :Engineering Thermodynamics Max. Marks :80
Sub. Code :615PT103
Time : 3 Hours
Date :19/05/2010
Session :FN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A

(10 x 2 = 20)

1.

2.

3.

## Define Irreversibility and write down the causes of Irreversibility.

4.

What is availability?

5.

coordinates.

6.

7.

8.

9.

PART B
(5 x 12 = 60)

## 11. A quantity of gas occupying 0.14 m3 at a pressure of 1400 kPa

and temperature of 300C is expanded adiabatically to 280 kPa.
If for this gas, C v = 0.74kJ/kg K and C p = 1.04kJ/kg K, determine
(a) the mass of gas (b) the temperature of the gas after expansion
(c) the work done during expansion.
(or)
12. A nozzle is a device for increasing the velocity of a steadily
flowing stream. At the inlet to a certain nozzle, enthalpy of the
fluid passing is 3000 kJ/kg and the velocity is 60 m/s. At the
discharge end, the enthalpy is 2762 kJ/kg. The nozzle is
horizontal and there is negligible heat loss from it.
(a) Find the velocity at exit from the nozzle.
(b) If the inlet area is 0.1 m2 and the specific volume at inlet is
0.187 m3/ kg, find the exit area of the nozzle.
13. (a) Establish the equivalence of Kelvin-Planck and Clasuius
statements.
(4)
(b) A refrigeration plant for a food store operates as a reversed
Carnot heat engine cycle. The store is to be maintained at a
temperature of -5 C and the heat transfer from the store to the
cycle is at the rte of 5 kW. If heat is transferred from the cycle to
the atmosphere at a temperature of 25C, calculate the power
required to drive the plant.
(or)
14. (a) State and prove the Carnots theorem.
(b) A reversible heat engine working between 400C and 100C
drives a heat pump which pumps heat from 0C and 35C. For an
input of 1500 kJ of heat to the heat engine, determine the rate at
which heat is pumped to the reservoir at 35C.
15. (a) Find the volume, enthalpy and internal energy of steam when
the condition of steam is
(i) 500 kpa and 0.75 dry

## (ii) 1 Mpa and 425C

(b) Find the state whether wet, dry or superheated in the
following cases
(i) t = 90C s = 7.276 kJ/kg,
(ii) p = 15 bar h = 2300 kJ/kg
(iii) p = 6 bar and h = 2717 kJ/kg.
(or)
16. (a) Write down the Vander Waals equation of state. How does it
differ from the ideal gas equation of state?
(b) Derive the expression of work transfer for an ideal gas in a
reversible isothermal process.
17. (a) Drive the expressions for air standard efficiency of an Diesel
Cycle.
(b) A diesel engine has a compression ratio of 14 and cut off
takes place at 6% of the stroke. Find the air standard efficiency.
(or)
18. In a steam turbine steam at 20 bar, 360C is expanded to 0.08 bar.
It then enters a condenser, where it is condensed to saturated
liquid water. The pump feeds back the water into the boiler.
Assume ideal processes; find per kg of steam the network and the
cycle efficiency.
19. (a) Derive Maxwells equations
(b) Prove that C p C v = R
(or)
20. Methane (CH 4 ) is burned with atmospheric air. The analysis of
the products on a dry basis is as follows, CO 2 10%, O 2
2.37%, CO 0.53% and N 2 - 87.1%. Calculate the air fuel ratio
and the percentage of the theoretical air.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E Mechanical (Part Time)

Title of the paper: Fluid Mechanics and Machinery
Semester: I
Max. Marks: 80
Sub.Code: 615PT102(2006-2007-2008)
Time: 3 Hours
Date: 16-12-2008
Session: FN
PART A
(10 x 2 = 20)
1. Differentiate between absolute viscosity and kinematic viscosity.
2. Define mass density.
4. What do you know about venturimeter?
5. Explain the physical significance of Reynolds number.
6. What factors account for the loss of energy in laminar flow?
7. Define NPSH in centrifugal pump.
8. Define manometric efficiency as applicable to a centrifugal pump
and slip as applicable to reciprocating pump.
9. State the functions of the casing of Pelton wheel.
10. What are head and tail races?
PART B
(5 x 12 = 60)
11. (a) Obtain an expression for the excess pressure inside a spherical
droplet of liquid.
(b) An Atomizer forms water droplets with a diameter of 5 x 10-5
m. What is the pressure with in the droplets at 20C, if the
pressure outside the droplets is 101 KN/m2? Assume the surface
tension of water at 20C is 0.0718 N/m.
(or)
12. (a) Determine the total pressure and depth of center of pressure
on a plane rectangular surface of 1 m wide and 3 m deep when its
upper edge is horizontal and

## (i) coincide with water surface

(ii) 2 m below the free water surface.
(b) A Piston 99.5mm diameter works in a cylinder 100 mm
diameter, 120mm long. The space between the two is filled with
a lubricating oil of 0.05 Poise. Calculate the speed of the piston
through the cylinder under the action of an axial force of 5 N.
13. (a) A venturimeter with 150 mm diameter at inlet and 100 mm at
throat is laid with its axis horizontal and is used for measuring the
flow of oil of sp. Gr. 0.9. The oil mercury differential manometer
shows as a gauge difference of 200 mm. Calculate the discharge.
Assume the coefficient of meter as 0.98.
(b) A 45 reducing bend is connected in pipeline, the diameters at
the inlet and outlet of the bend being 400mm and 200mm
respectively. Find the force exerted by water on the bend, if the
intensity of pressure at inlet of the bend is 215.8 kN/m2. The rate
of flow of water is 0.5 m3/s.
(or)
14. (a) The diameters of a tapering pipe at the sections 1-1 and 2-2
are 100 mm and 150 mm respectively. If the velocity of water
flowing through the pipe at section 1-1 is 5 m/s,
find:
(i) Discharge through the pipe, and
(ii) Velocity of water at section 2-2.
(b) A pipe 300 meters long has a slope of 1 in 100 and tapers
from 1 m diameter at the higher end to 0.5m at the lower end.
Quantity of water flowing is 90 litres/s. If the pressure at the
higher end is 70 kN/m2, find the pressure at the lower end.
15. (a) A pipe of 100 mm diameter is suddenly enlarged to 200mm
diameter for a short length and then suddenly reduced to 150mm
diameter. The discharge through the pipe is 100 lps. Find the
(i) sudden enlargement
(ii) sudden contraction and

## (iii) at entrance to the pipe.

(b) Compare the discharge of 0.12 m and 0.3 m diameters pipes
where the loss of head due to friction is same in each pipe. The
lengths of both pipes are equal and assume f also the same for
both the pipes.
(or)
16. (a) Derive Darcys equation for the determination of loss of head
due to friction in pipe line.
(b) A tank 18 m long and 15 m wide contains 4 m deep water.
Find the time required to empty, the tank through a pipe 25m
long and 120mm diameter. Assume f = 0.006.
17. (a) A single acting reciprocating pump has a piston of diameter
40 cm and a stroke of 30 cm. The pump lifts water to a total
height of 12m. The speed of the pump is 50 r.p.m. Actual
average discharge of the pump is 0.030 m3/sec. Calculate the slip,
percentage of slip and the theoretical horse power required to
drive the pump.
(b) A centrifugal pump has to work against a head of 30 m at a
speed of 860 r.p.m. The flow component of the velocity at outlet
is 2.6 m/sec. The outlet vane angle is 40. If the discharge of the
pump is 0.35 m3/sec,
find (i) the diameter of the impeller and
(ii) the width of the impeller at outlet. Neglect losses.
(or)
18. (a) A centrifugal pump impeller has an external diameter of 50
cm and a discharge area of 0.2m2. The vanes are bent backwards
so that the direction of the relative velocity at the outlet makes an
angle of 160 with the tangent to the outer periphery drawn in the
direction of the impeller rotation. The diameters of the suction
and delivery pipes are 30 cm and 20cm respectively. Pressure
gauges at points on the suction and delivery pipes close to the
pump and at a height of 1.8m above the level in the supply pump
showed gauge pressure heads of 3.4 m below and 25m above the

## atmospheric pressure head respectively. When the pump was

delivering 250 lps of water at 800 r.p.m. It requires 100 h.p. to
drive the pump.
Find
(i) the loss of head in the suction pipe
(ii) manometirc efficiency and
(iii) over all efficiency.
(b) A centrifugal pump running at 15 revolutions per second has
the impeller, which has the diameter of 250 mm and 500 mm at
inlet and outlet respectively. The vanes are set back at an angle
of 30 to the outer rim. If the velocity of flow through the
impeller is 2 m/sec, find the work done per kg of water on the
wheel.
19. (a) Compare the impulse and reaction turbine.
(b) A Kaplan turbine has a hydraulic efficiency of 85% and a
mechanical efficiency of 95% with a runner diameter of 6 meters
and a boss diameter of 2 meters. If the discharge of the turbine is
200 m3/s, calculate the head on the turbine and the shaft power of
the turbine. Assume that there is no whirl at outlet and the
discharge is free. Neglect losses in the turbine.
(or)
20. (a) Derive equation for the specific speed of a Pelton turbine in
terms of jet ratio and efficiency.
(b) The external and internal diameters of an inward flow
reaction turbine are 1.2m and 0.6m respectively. The head on the
turbine is 22 m and velocity of flow through the runner is
constant and equal to 2.5,/sec. The guide blade angle is given as
10 and the runner vanes are radial at inlet. If the discharge at the
(i) the speed of the turbine
(ii) the vane angle at outlet of the runner and
(iii) the hydraulic efficiency.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E Mechanical (Part Time)

Title of the paper: Fluid Mechanics and Machinery
Semester: I
Sub.Code: 615PT102(2006-07-08-09)
Date: 24-05-2009

Max.Marks: 80
Time: 3 Hours
Session: FN

PART - A
(10 X 2 = 20)
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Define NPSH.

8.

9.

PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

## 11. A 400mm diameter shaft is rotating in a bearing of length

120mm. If the thickness of the oil film is 1.5mm and the dynamic
viscosity of the oil is 0.7Ns/m2. Determine
(a) Torque required to over come friction in bearing
(b) Power utilized in overcoming viscous resistance
(or)
12. A circular plate 1.5m diameter is submerged in water, with its
greatest and least depths below the surface being 2m and 0.75m
respectively Determine:
(a) The total pressure on one face of the plate and
(b) The position of the centre of pressure
13. Derive the Eulers equation for motion from basic concepts.
Deduce Bernoullis equation.
(or)
14. A horizontal Ventruimeter with inlet diameter of 200mm and
throat diameter of 100mm is employed to measure the flow of
water. The reading of the differential manometer connected to the
inlet is 180mm of mercury. If C d is 0.98 determine the rate of
flow.
15. A rectangular orifice 0.6m wide and 0.8m deep is discharging
water from a vessel. The top edge of the orifice is 0.4m below the
water surface in the vessel. Find.
(a) The discharge through the orifice if C d = 0.62; and
(b) The percentage error if the orifice is treated as the small
orifice.
(or)
16. A horizontal pipe line 40m long is connected to a water tank at
one end and discharges freely into the atmosphere at the other
end. For the first 25m of its length from the tank, the pipe is

## 150mm diameter and its diameter is suddenly enlarged to

300mm. The height of water level in the tank is 8m above the
centre of the pipe. Considering all losses of head which occur,
determine the rate of flow.
17. The impeller of a centrifugal pump has an external diameter of
450mm and internal diameter of 200mm and its runs at 1440rpm.
Assuming a constant radial flow through the impeller at 2.5m/s
and that the vanes at exit are set back at an angle of 25,
determine
(a) Inlet vane angle
(b) The angle absolute velocity of water at exit makes with
the tangent.
(c) Work done
(or)
18. With a neat layout explain the working principle of reciprocating
pump. And explain the indicator diagram.
19. A Pelton wheel is to designed for the following specifications:
Power (brake or shaft) :
9560kW
:
350meters
Speed
:
750 r.p.m
Overall efficiency
:
85%
Jet diameter: not to exceed 1/6th of the wheel diameter
Determine the following:
(a) The wheel diameter
(b) Diameter of the jet
(c) The number of jets required
Take C v = 0.985, speed ratio = 0.45(7)
(or)
20. The following data pertains to a Kaplan turbine:
Power available at shaft
= 22500kw
= 20m
Speed
= 150 r.p.m

Hydraulic efficiency
= 95%
Overall efficiency
= 88%
Outer diameter runner
= 4.5m
Diameter of hub
= 2m
Assuming that the turbine discharges without whirl at exit,
determine the runner vane angles at the hub and the outer
periphery.

Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper : Fluid Mechanics and Machinery
Sub. Code : 615PT102 (2008-2009-2010)
Date :06/12/2012

Max. Marks:80
Time : 3 Hours
Session :FN

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.

PART - A
State Newtons law of Viscosity.

2.

3.

4.

5.

circular pipes?

6.

7.

8.

9.

(10 x 2 = 20)

PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

## 11. (a) Derive the expression for capillary rise of water.

(b) Calculate the capillary effect in mm in a glass tube of 4 mm
diameter, when immersed in
(i) Water (ii) Mercury. The temperature of liquid is 20C and
values of surface tension of water and mercury in contact with air
are 0.0735 N/m and 0.51 N/m respectively.
(or)
12. Determine the total pressure and centre of pressure on an
isosceles triangular plate of base 4 m and altitude 4 m when it is
immersed vertically in an oil of sp.gr 0.9. The base of the plate
coincides with the free surface of oil.
13. What is venturimeter? Derive an expression for the discharge
through a venturimeter.
(or)
14. An orifice meter with orifice diameter 10cm is inserted in a pipe
of 20cm diameter. The pressure gauges fitted upstream and
down stream of the orifice meter given readings of 19.62 N/cm2
and 9.81 N/cm2 respectively. Co-efficient of discharge for the
meter is 0.6. Find the discharge of water through the pipe.
15. The difference in water surface levels in 2 tanks, which are
connected by 3 pipes in series of lengths 300m, 170m and 210m
and of diameters 300mm, 200 and 400mm respectively is 12m.
Determine the rate of flow of water if co-efficient of friction are
0.005, 0.0052 and 0.0048 respectively, considering minor energy
losses and neglecting minor energy losses.
(or)
16. A pipe of diameter 300mm and length 3500m is used for the
transmission of power by water. The total head at the inlet of the

## pipe is 500m. Find the maximum power available at the outlet of

the pipe if the value of f=0.006.
17. The internal and external diameters of the impeller of a
centrifugal pump are 200mm and 400mm respectively. The
pump is running at 1200rpm. The vane angle of the impeller at
inlet and outlet are 200 and 300 respectively. The water enters the
impeller radially and velocity of flow is constant. Determine the
work done by the impeller for the unit weight of water.
(or)
18. A single acting reciprocating pump running at 50rpm delivers
0.01m3/sec of water The diameter of piston is 200mm and stroke
length is 400mm. Determine (i) Theoretical discharge of the
pump (ii) Co-efficient of discharge and (iii) slip and percentage
slip of the pump.
19. Explain with neat sketches the working of Francis and Kaplan
turbine.
(or)
20. A Kaplan turbine working under a head of 20 m, develops 12000
kW. The outer diameter of the runner is 3.5 m and hub diameter
is 1.75 m. The guide blade angle at the extreme edge of the
runner is 35o. The hydraulic and overall efficiency of the turbine
are 85% and 84% respectively. If the velocity of whirl is Zero at
outlet, determine the runner vane angles at inlet and outlet at the
extreme edge of the runner and the speed of the turbine.

Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper :Fluid Mechanics and Machinery Max. Marks:80
Sub. Code :615PT102 (2007-08-09-10)
Time : 3 Hours
Date :08/12/2011
Session :AN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A
(10 x 2 = 20)
1. State Newtons law of Viscosity.
2. What is the principle of manometer?
3. Differentiate between Uniform flow and Non uniform flow.
4. How do you classify Notches?
5. State Hagen poiseuilles equation for loss in flow through
circular pipes?
6. Write down the Chezys formula for fluid friction.
7. Define Static, manometric and gross head of a centrifugal pump.
8. What are the uses of air vessels in reciprocating pump?
9. Give examples for impulse turbine and reaction turbine.
10. What is Hydraulic similarity?
PART B
(5 x 12 = 60)
11. An U- tube manometer connects two pipes A and B. The pipe
contains oil of specific gravity 1.6 and pressure 120kN/m2. The pipe
B contains oil of specific gravity 0.8 and pressure 220 kN/m2. The
centre of the pipe A is 3m above the centre of the pipe B. The centre
of the pipe B is at the level of mercury in the left limb connecting the
pipe A. Find the difference of mercury levels.
(or)
12. A solid cylinder of diameter 4 m has a height of 3 m. Find the meta
centric height of the cylinder when it is floating in water with its axis
vertical. The sp. gr. of cylinder is 0.6.

## 13. What is venturimeter? Derive an expression for the discharge through

a venturimeter.
(or)
14. An orifice meter with orifice diameter 10cm is inserted in a pipe of
20cm diameter. The pressure gauges fitted upstream and down
stream of the orifice meter given readings of 19.62 N/cm2 and 9.81
N/cm2 respectively. Co-efficient of discharge for the meter is 0.6.
Find the discharge of water through the pipe.
15. Derive the expression for loss of head due to friction in pipes.
(or)
16. The head of water over an orifice of diameter 100mm is 10m. The
water coming out from the orifice is collected in a circular tank
of diameter 1.5m. The rise of water level in this tank is 1m in
25seconds. Also the co-ordinates of a point on the jet measured
from vena-contracta are 4.3m horizontal and 0.5m vertical.
Find
co-efficients C d ,C v , and C c .
17. The internal and external diameters of the impeller of a centrifugal
pump are 200mm and 400mm respectively. The pump is running at
1200rpm. The vane angle of the impeller at inlet and outlet are 200
and 300 respectively. The water enters the impeller radially and
velocity of flow is constant. Determine the work done by the
impeller for the unit weight of water.
(or)
18. What is a reciprocating pump?
Describe the principle and
working of a reciprocating pump with a neat sketch.
19. A Pelton wheel has a mean bucket speed of 35m/sec. with a jet of
water flowing at the rate of 1m3/sec. under a head of 270m. The
buckets deflect the jet through an angle of 1700. Calculate the power
delivered to the runner and the hydraulic efficiency of the turbine.
Assume co-efficient of velocity as 0.98.
(or)
20. State Buckinghams pi theorem and explain the procedure for
solving problems by Buckinghams theorem.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E Mechanical (Part Time)

Title of the paper: Fluid Mechanics and Machinery
Semester: I
Max. Marks: 80
Sub.Code: 615PT102 (2006/2007/2007 JAN/2008 JAN)
Time: 3 Hours
Date: 17-05-2008
Session: FN

1.

PART A
State the Newtons law of viscosity.

2.

Define Buoyancy.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

## What do you understand by characteristic curves of a pump?

8.

Define cavitations.

9.

## 10. What is a draft tube?

(10 x 2 = 20)

PART B
(5 x 12 = 60)
11. (a) A capillary tube of 2mm diameter is dipped in
(i) water
(ii) mercury. Find capillary rise for each case. Surface tension of
water and mercury may be taken as 0.075 N/m, and 0.52 N/m
respectively. The contact angle may be taken as 0 and 130 for
water and mercury respectively.
(b) State and prove hydrostatic law.
(or)
12. (a) A shaft 80mm in diameter is being pushed through a bearing
sleeve 80.20mm in diameter and 30mm long. The clearance is
filled with oil having a kinematics viscosity of 0.005 m2/s and
specific gravity of 0.9. If the shaft moves axially at 0.5m/s, find
the resistance offered by the oil on the shaft.
(b) A circular plate 1.5 meter diameter is immersed in water and
held in a vertical plane so that upper end of the vertical diameter
is 1 meter below the water surface. Calculate the total pressure on
the plate and the depth of centre of pressure.
13. (a) Derive Bernoullis equation for the flow of an incompressible
frctionless fluid form consideration of momentum.
(b) A pipe 300 meters long has a slope of 1 in 100 and tapers
from 1m diameter at the higher end to 0.5 m at the lower end.
Quantity of water flowing is 90 litres/s. if the pressure at the
higher end is 70 kN/m2, find the pressure at the lower end.
(or)
14. (a) Obtain an expression for the discharge through an
Venturimeter.
(b) The following data relate to an orifice meter: Diameter of the
pipe = 300mm; Diameter of the orifice = 150mm; Reading of the

## differential manometer = 500mm of mercury; Specific gravity of

oil = 0.9; coefficient of discharge of meter = 0.64. determine the
rate of flow.
15. (a) The head of water over the centre of an orifice of diameter 20
mm is 1.5m. The actual discharge through the orifice is 3.5 1/s.
Find the coefficient of discharge.
(b) A rectangular orifice of 1.5m wide and 1.2 deep is fitted in
one side of a large tank. The water level on one side of the orifice
is 2m above the top of orifice, while on the other side of the
orifice, the water level is 0.4m below its top edge. Calculate the
discharge through the orifice if C d = 0.65.
(or)
2
16. (a) A pipe of 0.1m area is suddenly enlarged to an area of 0.4
m2. The discharge through the pipe is 0.3 m3/s and the pressure at
the smaller pipe is 1 kN/m2, find
(i) the head loss due to sudden enlargement
(ii) Pressure at larger part of the pipe and
(iii) workdone in forcing the water through the enlargement.
(b) Compare the discharge of 0.12 m and 0.3m diameters pipe
where the loss of head due to friction is same in each pipe. The
lengths of both pipes are equal and assume f also the same for
both the pipes.
17. (a) Obtain an expression for the workdone by impeller of
centrifugal pump on water per second per unit weight of water.
(b) A Centrifugal pump has a 25 cms diameter impeller and an
outlet width of 5 cm and runs at 1100 r.p.m delivering water
against a head of 11 metres. The vanes are curved backwards at
30 with the periphery at outlet. The manametric efficiency of the
pump is 90%. Calculate the discharge.
(or)

18. (a) What is an air vessel? Describe the function of the air vessel
for reciprocating pumps.
(b) A single acting reciprocating pump has a plunger of diameter
25cm and a stroke of 18 cm. If the pump runs at 40 r.p.m.
Calculate the average discharge of the pump.
19. (a) Describe briefly the function of various main components of
Pelton turbine with neat sketches?
(b) An inward flow reaction turbine running at 450 rpm has an
external diameter of 50 cms and a width of 15cms. If the guide
vanes are at 15 to the wheel tangent and absolute velocity of
water at inlet is 20 m/sec find
(i) the discharge of the turbine and
(ii) the vane angle at outlet of the runner at inlet.
(or)
20. (a) With a neat sketch explain the construction and working of a
Kaplan Turbine.
(b) A pelton wheel utilizes 0.9 m3/ sec of water and works under
a head of 55 metres with a bucket speed of 18m/sec. If the vane
angle at outlet is 15 and C v = 0.98, find the horse power
developed and the hydraulic efficiency.

Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E-P-MECH

Title of the Paper: Fluid Mechanics and Machinery Max. Marks: 80
Sub. Code: 615PT102 (2007/08/09/2010-JAN)
Time: 3 Hours
Date: 06/12/2010
Session: FN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.

PART - A
(10 X 2 = 20)
Define the term: Compressibility

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

## What are the functions of an air vessel?

9.

Classify Turbines.

## 10. What are the types of similarities?

PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

11. (a) Calculate the specific weight, specific mass and specific
gravity of a liquid weighing 44 KN and having a volume of 6m3.
(5)
2
(b) A plate having an area of 0.6 m is sliding down an inclined
plane at 30 to the horizontal with a velocity of 0.36 m/sec. There
is a cushion of fluid 1.8 mm thick between the plane and the
plate. Find the viscosity of the fluid if the weight of the plate is
280 N.
(7)
(or)
12. (a) Express 40 kPa in S.I units, both gauge and absolute.
Barometer reads 740 mm of mercury.
(5)
(b) An isosceles triangular plate of 3m base and 3m altitude is
immersed vertically in an oil of specific gravity 0.8. The base of
the plate coincides with free surface of oil.
Determine
(i) Total pressure and
(ii) Centre of pressure.
(7)
13. (a) Derive Bernoullis theorem from the first principles. Also
state the assumptions made and its limitations.
(9)
(b) Determine whether the following velocity components satisfy
the continuity equation. u = 2x2 + 3y; v = -2xy + 3y3 + 3xy (3)
(or)
14. Derive the equation for discharge through a rectangular notch.
15. A rectangular orifice 0.6 m wide and 0.8m deep is discharging
water from a vessel. The top edge of an orifice is 0.4 m below the
water surface of the vessel.
Find:
(a) Discharge through the orifice if C d = 0.62
(b) The percentage error if the orifice is treated as a
small orifice.
(or)

16. (a) A crude oil of viscosity 0.9 poise and relative density 0.9 is
flowing through a horizontal circular pipe of diameter 120mm
and length 12 m. Calculate the difference in pressure at the two
ends of the pipe, if 785 N of the oil is collected in a tank in 25
seconds.
(9)
(b) Write a short note on equivalent pipe.
(3)
17. Explain the component parts, their functions and working of a
double acting reciprocating pump, with a neat sketch.
(or)
18. A centrifugal pump running at 800 rpm is working against a total
head of 20.2 m. The external diameter of the impeller is 480 mm
and outlet width is 60mm. If the vane angle at outlet is 40 and
the manometric efficiency is 70%, determine
(a) Flow velocity at outlet
(b) Absolute velocity of water leaving the vane in magnitude and
direction
(c) Rate of flow through the pump.
19. Explain the construction and working of a Pelton wheel turbine.
Also derive its working proportions.
(or)
20. The pressure difference p in a pipe of diameter D and length 1
due to turbulent flow depends on the velocity V, viscosity ,
density and roughness k. Using Buckinghams -theorem
obtain an expression for p.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper :Fluid Mechanics and Machinery
Sub. Code :615PT102
Date :15/12/2009

## Max. Marks :80

Time : 3 Hours
Session :FN

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A
1.

(10 x 2 = 20)

2.

3.

flow.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

## 11. (a) A 200 mm diameter shaft slides through a sleeve, 200.5 mm

in diameter and 400 mm long at a velocity of 30 cm/sec. The
viscosity of the oil filling the annular space is =0.1125 NS/m2.
Find the resistance to the motion.
(b) A Capillary tube having inside diameter 6 mm is dipped in
CCl 4 at 20C. Find the rise of CCl 4 in the tube if surface tension
is 2.67 N/m and specific gravity is 1.594 and contact angle is
60and specific weight of water at 20C is 9981 N/m3.
(or)
12. (a) Define Pressure. Explain the relations between absolute,
gauge and vacuum pressures.
(b) A pipe containing water at 180 kN/m2 is connected by a
differential gauge to another pipe 1.6 m lower than the first pipe
and containing water at high pressure. If the difference in heights
of two mercury columns of the gauge is equal to 90mm, what is
the pressure in the lower pipe?
13. (a) State and prove Bernoulis theorem.
(b) Water is flowing through a pipe having diameters 20 cm and
10 cm at sections 1 and 2 respectively. The rate of flow through
the pipe is 35 litres/sec. The section 1 is 6 m above the datum and
section 2 is 4m above the datum. If the pressure at section 1 is
39.24 N/cm2, find the intensity of pressure at section 2.
(or)
14. (a) Explain the working principle of a venturimeter with a neat
sketch.
(b) Prove that the discharge through a triangular notch or weir is
given by Q = 8/15 C d tan

2g H

## Where H = Head of water over the notch or weir

= angle of notch or weir

## 15. (a) What is an Orifice? Classify Orifices on different accounts.(4)

(b) Define different Hydraulic Co-efficients and write their
expressions.
(4)
(c) The head of water over the centre of an orifice of diameter 20
mm is 1 m. The actual discharge through the orifice is 0.85
litres/sec. Find the co-efficient of discharge.
(4)
(or)
16. (a) What do you understand by the terms Major energy loss and
Minor energy loss in pipes?
(4)
(b) A smooth pipe line of 100 mm diameter carries 2.27m3 per
minute of water at 20C with kinematic viscosity of 0.0098
stokes. Calculate the friction factor, maximum velocity as well as
shear stress factor.
(8)
17. (a) Define (i) Impeller power (ii) Manometric efficiency (iii)
Mechanical efficiency and (iv) Overall efficiency as applicable to
centrifugal pump.
(4)
(b) A three stage centrifugal pump has impellers 400mm in
diameter and 20mm wide at outlet. The vanes are curved back at
the outlet at 45 and reduce the circumferential area by 10%. The
Manometric efficiency is 90% and the Overall efficiency is 80%.
Determine the head generated by the pump when running at
1000rpm delivering 50 litres per second. What should be the
shaft power?
(8)
(or)
18. (a) Explain the working principle of a reciprocating pump with a
sketch.
(4)
(b) A double acting pump with 35 cm bore and 40 cm stroke runs
at 60 strokes per minute. The suction pipe is 10 cm long and
delivery pipe is 200m long. The diameter of the delivery pipe is
15 cm. The pump is situated at a height of 2.5 m above the sump,
the outlet of the delivery pipe is 70m above the pump. Calculate

the diameter of the suction pipe for the condition that separation
is avoided. Assume separation to occur at an absolute pressure
head of 2.5 m of water. Find the horse power required to drive
the pump neglecting all losses other than friction in the pipes
assuming friction factor f as 0.02.
(8)
19. (a) Define specific speed of a turbine. Derive an expression for
the specific speed.
(b) Design a Francis turbine runner with the following data:
Net head = 70 m; Speed N = 800 rpm; Output power = 400 kW;
Hydraulic efficiency = 95%; Overall efficiency = 85%; Flow
ratio = 0.2; Breadth ratio = 0.1; Inner diameter is 1/3 of outer
diameter. Assume 6% of circumferential area of the runner to be
occupied by the thickness of the vanes. The flow is radial at exit
and remains constant through out.
(or)
20. (a) Draw the sketch of a pelton wheel and explain the
characteristic features.
(4)
3
(b) For a pelton wheel turbine a discharge of 5.25m /sec of water
is available at a head of 315m at the nozzle. There are two
runners and each runner has two jets. The pipeline is 2000m long.
The efficiency of transmission for the pipe is 92%. The over all
efficiency of the turbine is 86%. Take for each nozzle C v = 0.98.
For the pipe line take f = 0.003. Find (i) the jet diameter (ii) pipe
diameter (iii) output of the turbine.
(8)

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper :Fluid Mechanics and Machinery Max. Marks :80
Sub. Code :615PT102
Time : 3 Hours
Date :21/05/2010
Session :FN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A

(10 x 2 = 20)

1.

2.

Define buoyancy.

3.

flow.

4.

5.

6.

7.

## What are the reasons for the observation of negative slip in

reciprocating pumps?

8.

9.

PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

## 11. (a) Distinguish between.

(i) Real fluid and ideal fluid.
(ii) Specific weight and specific gravity.
(iii) Dynamic viscosity and kinematic viscosity
(b) A fluid weighs 500N with a volume of 50 cc. If the dynamic
viscosity of this is 0.0011 Ns/m2, find the kinematic viscosity.
(or)
12. A pipeline which is 4m in diameter contains a gate valve. The
pressure at the centre line of the pipe is 19.6 x 104 N/m2. If the
pipe is filled with oil of specific gravity 0.85, determine the force
exerted by the oil upon the gate and the position of centre of
pressure.
13. Water flows through a right angled triangular notch first and then
over a rectangular notch with 1m width. Coefficient of discharge
of triangular and rectangular notches are 0.62 and 0.73
respectively. If the depth of water over the triangular notch is
0.35m, find the depth of water over the rectangular notch.
(or)
14. Explain
(a) Gradually varied flow and Rapidly varied flow.
(b) Sub critical flow and super critical flow.
(c) Momentum and energy equations.
15. Write short notes on flow through rectangular orifice with neat
sketches.
(or)
16. (a)Explain minor losses and pipe networks.
(b) Determine the Reynolds number of flow in a pipe 30cm
diameter 3,210m long conveying oil of 0.95 specific gravity at a
rate of 0.05 m3/sec. Kinematic viscosity of oil is 2.1 stokes.

## 17. Find the number of impellers and diameters of each impeller

required for a multistage centrifugal pump to lift 80 x 10-3 m3/s of
water against a total head of 225m. Assume speed = 1500 rpm,
approximate specific speed = 600, peripheral coefficient = 0.96
and overall efficiency = 80%. What is the shaft input required?
(or)
18. A single acting reciprocating pump has a cylinder of 0.25m
diameter. The stroke length is 0.35m. Speed of the crank is 60
rpm. It delivers 0.017m3/s. Find the theoretical discharge,
coefficient of discharge, slip and percentage slip.
19. (a) Sketch on outline of Francis Turbine indicating on it the
salient parts.
(b) Describe the following the reference to a Francis Turbine
(i) Spiral casing and
(ii) Draft tube.
(or)
20. (a) Explain Dynamic similarity.
(4)
(b) A 1:7.5 model of a submarine is tested in water. Find the
speed of the model to simulate a speed of 3m/sec of submarine. If
a drag of 10N is measured, find the drag in the prototype. (8)

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E Mechanical (Part Time)

Title of the paper: Kinematics of Machines
Semester: I
Sub.Code: 615PT101(2006/2007/2008)
Date: 11-12-2008

Max. Marks: 80
Time: 3 Hours
Session: FN

PART A

(10 x 2 = 20)

1.

## What is a machine? Give two examples; differentiate between a

machine and structure.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

mechanisms.

7.

8.

9.

## 10. Why the gyroscopic effect due to rolling in ship is zero?

PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

11. Sketch and explain the inversion of a 4 bar mechanism, all the
four pairs are turning pairs.
(or)
12. The dimensions and configuration of the four bar mechanism,
shown in Fig are as follows:
P 1 A = 300mm; P 1 B = 360mm, AB = 360mm and P 1 P 2 = 600mm.
The angle AP 1 P 2 = 60 DEGREES. The crank P 1 A has an angular
velocity of 10 radians/ sec and an angular acceleration of 30
rad/s2, both clockwise. Determine the angular velocity and
angular accelerations of P 2 B and AB and the velocity and
acceleration of the joint B.

## 13. Synthesize a four-bar linkage using Freudensteins equation to

generate the function y = x1.2 for the interval 1 x 5. The input
crank is to start from 2 = 40 and is to have a range of 90. Take
three accuracy points.
(or)
14. Synthesize a four-bar function generator to solve the equation
y=1/x for the interval 1 x 3. Using Chebyshev spacing for
three precision points. Take 0 = 30, 0 = 200 and = =
90.

15. A disc cam used for moving a knife edge follower with simple
harmonic motion during lift and uniform acceleration and
retardation motion during return rotates in clockwise direction at
300 rpm. The line of motion of the follower has an offset 10mm
to the right of camshaft axis. The minimum radius of the cam is
40mm. The lift of the follower is 50mm. The cam rotation angles
are: Lift 60, dwell 120, return 90 and remaining angle for
dwell. Draw the cam profile and determine the maximum
velocity and acceleration during the lift and return.
(or)
16. Draw the profile of the cam when the roller follower moves with
cycloidal motion during outstroke and return stroke, as given
below:
(a) Outstroke with maximum displacement of 60mm during 120
if cam rotation
(b) Return stroke for the next 120 of cam rotation.
(c) Dwell for the remaining 120 of cam rotation.
The minimum radius of the cam is 30mm and the roller
diameter of the follower is 20mm. The axis of the roller is offset
by 15mm towards right from the axis fo cam shaft.
17. Two gear wheels mesh externally to give a velocity ration of 3 to
1. The involute teeth has 6mm module and 20 degrees pressure
angle. Addendum is equal to one module. The pinion rotates at
90 rpm. Determine: (i) Number of teeth on pinion to avoid
interference and the corresponding number on the wheel (ii) the
length of path and arc of contact (iii) contact ratio and (iv) the
maximum velocity of sliding.
(or)
18. An epicyclic gear train consisting of fixed sun gear, S with 50
teeth meshing with a planet gear, P with 40 teeth. The planet gear
meshes with a ring gear, R with 60 teeth. Determine the speed of
the ring gear when the Arm, A which carries the planet gear,

## rotates at a speed of 100rpm clockwise about the sun gear centre

axis.
19. An aeroplane makes a complete half circle of 70 meters radius,
towards right, when flying at 250 km per hour. The rotary
engines the propellers of the plane have a mass of 800 kg with a
radius of gyration of 450 mm. The engine runs at 3200 r.p.m.
clockwise, when viewed from the rear. Find the gyroscopic
couple on the aircraft and state its effect on it. What will be the
effect, if the aeroplane turns to its left?
(or)
20. A ship has a rotor of mass 3 tonnes rotating at 2500 rpm and its
radius of gyration is 30cm. If the rotation of the rotor is
clockwise looking from the stern, calculate the gyroscope couple
that is set on the ship by the rotor when
(a) the ship takes a left hand turn with a radius of 400m at a speed
of 50km/hr.
(b) pitching of the bow at an angular velocity of rad/sec
(c) Ship rolls due to the wave with a velocity of 0.1 rad / sec.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E Mechanical (Part Time)

Title of the paper: Kinematics of Machines
Semester: I
Sub.Code: 615PT101(2006-07-08)
Date: 20-05-2009

Max.Marks: 80
Time: 3 Hours
Session: FN

PART - A
(10 X 2 = 20)
1.

## Define Kinematics chain and write the relation between the

2. Define transmission angle of a four bar mechanism. What are the
worst values of transmission angle?
3. What do you understand by Type synthesis and Number
synthesis?
4. Write the expression for determining the precession points.
5. Write the equation for the maximum velocity and maximum
acceleration of a follower moves with SHM.
6. Write a short note on Gyroscope.
7. Explain the term interference in gears. And write any one method
to prevent it.
8. Differentiate between simple gear train and Epicyclic gear train.
9. What is the function of a governor? How does it differ from that
of a flywheel?
10. Explain the term effort and Power of a porter governor.
PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

## 11. (a) What do you mean by inversion of a mechanism?

(b) Sketch and explain all the inversions of a double slider
crank mechanism.

(or)
12. In the mechanism shown in figure, the crank OA rotates at 20
r.p.m. anticlockwise and gives motion to sliding blocks B and D.
The dimensions of various links are OA = 300 mm, AB = 1200
mm, and CD = 450 mm. For the given configuration determine
(a) velocities of sliding at B and D
(b) angular velocity of CD
(c) linear acceleration of D and
(d) angular acceleration. of CD

## 13. Synthesize a slider crank mechanism so that the displacement of

the slider is proportional to the square of the crank rotation in the
internal 45 135. Use three precision points with
Chebyshevs spacing.
(or)
14. A four bar mechanism is to be designed, by using three precision
points, to generate the function.
y = x1.5, for the range 1 x 4.
Assuming 30 starting position and 120 finishing position for
the input link and 90 starting position and 180 finishing
position for the output link find the values of x, y, and
corresponding to the three precision points.

## 15. A cam rotating clockwise with a uniform speed is to give the

roller follower of 20mm diameter of the following motion:
(a) Follower to move outwards through a distance of
30mm during 120 of cam rotation.
(b) Follower to dwell for 60 of cam rotation.
cam rotation.
(d) Follower to dwell for the remaining 90 of cam
rotation.
The minimum radius of cam is 45 mm and the line of stroke
of the follower is off-set 15mm from the axis of the cam and the
displacement of the follower is to take place with simple
harmonic on both the outward and return stroke. Draw the cam
profile if the cam rotates at 360 r.p.m. anticlockwise. Find the
maximum velocity and acceleration of the follower during
descent.
(or)
16. A ship is propelled by a turbine rotor which has a mass of 5
tonnes and a speed of 2100 r.p.m. The rotor has a radius of
gyration of 0.5m and rotates in a clockwise direction when
viewed from the stern. Find the gyroscopic effects in the
following conditions:
(a) The ship sails at a speed of 30 km/hr and steers to the
left in a curve having 60 m radius.
(b) The ship pitches 6 degree above and 6 degree below the
horizontal position. The bow is descending with its maximum
velocity. The motion due to pitching is simple harmonic and the
periodic time is 20 seconds.
(c) The ship rolls and at a certain instant it has an angular
velocity of 0.03 rad/s clockwise when viewed from stern.
Determine also the maximum angular acceleration during
pitching. Explain how the direction of motion due to gyroscopic
effect is determined in each case.

17. Two gear wheels mesh externally to give a velocity ratio of 3:1.
The involute teeth has 6mm module and 20 pressure angle.
Addendum is equal to one module. The pinion rotates at 90 rpm.
Determine (a) Number of teeth on pinion to avoid interference
and the corresponding number on the wheel. (b) The length of
path and arc of contact (c) contact ratio and (d) the maximum
velocity of sliding.
(or)
18. In a reverted epicyclic gear train, the arm A carries two gears S 1
and S 2 and a compound gear P 1 P 2 . The gear S 1 meshes with
gear P 1 and the gear S 2 meshes with gear P 2 . The numbers of the
teeth on S 1 , S 2 and P 1 are 80, 48 and 72 respectively. Find the
speed and direction of gear S 2 when gear S 1 is fixed and arm A
makes 400 rpm counter clockwise.
19. A porter governor has all four arms 250mm long. The upper arms
are attached on the axis of rotation and the lower arms are
attached to the sleeve at a distance of 30 mm form the axis. The
mass of each ball is 5 kg and the sleeve has a mass of 50 kg. The
extreme radii of rotation are 150mm and 200mm. Determine the
range of speed of the governor.
(or)
20. In a spring loaded governor of the Hartnell type, the mass of each
ball is 1 kg, length of vertical arm of the bell crank lever is
100mm and that of the horizontal arm is 50mm. The distance of
fulcrum of each bell crank lever is 80mm from the axis of
rotation of the governor. The extreme radii of rotation of the balls
are 75mm and 112.5mm. The maximum equilibrium speed is 5
percent greater that the minimum equilibrium speed which is 360
rpm. Find, neglecting obliquity of arms, initial compression of
the spring and equilibrium speed corresponding to the radius of
rotation of 100mm.

Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper : Kinematics of Machines
Sub. Code : 615PT101 (2008-2009-2010)
Date :01/12/2012

Max. Marks:80
Time : 3 Hours
Session :AN

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.

PART - A
(10 x 2 = 20)
Name the kinematic pairs according to the type of relative motion
between the elements.

2.

3.

## Define number of degrees of freedom for plane mechanisms.

4.

List out the inversions possible from a four bar kinematic chain.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

## 11. In the diagram 1, the angular velocity of the crank OA is 600

rpm. Determine the linear velocity of the slider D and the
angular velocity of the link BD, when the crank inclined at an
angle of 75 to the vertical. The dimensions of the various links
are: OA=28 mm;
AB = 44 mm; BC = 49 mm and BD= 46 mm.

O
A
75
B
C

D
DIAGRAM 1

## The center distance between the centers of rotation O and C is 65

mm. The path of travel of the slider is 11 mm below the fixed
point C. The slider moves along a horizontal path and OC is
vertical.
(or)
12. In a slider crank mechanism, the length of crank BC and
connecting rod AB are 120 mm and 450 mm respectively. The
crank angle is 30 and the crank rotates clockwise with an
angular velocity of 20 rad/sec, find (a) velocity of the slider A
and (b) angular velocity of the connecting rod.
13. Determine the proportions of four bar mechanism,by using three
precision points to generate y = x1.5 , where x varies between 1
and 4. Assume s = 30; = 90; s = 90; = 90. Take the
(or)
14. The dimensions and configuration of the four bar mechanism,
shown in the Diagram 2.P 1 A =360 mm; P 2 B=360 mm;P 1 P 2 = 600
mm. The angle AP 1 P 2 = 60.
B
A

P1

P2
Diagram 2

## The crank P 1 A has an angular velocity of 10 rad/sec and an

angular acceleration of 30 rad/sec2 both clockwise. Determine the
angular velocities and angular accelerations of P 2 B and AB.
15. Find the angle of inclination with respect to the vertical of a two
wheeler negotiating a turn. Combined mass of the vehicle with its
rider 250 kg; Moment of inertia engine flywheel = 0.3 kg-m2;
Moment of inertia of each road wheel = 1 kg-m2;
Speed of engine wheel 5 times that of road wheels and in the
same direction;
Height of C.G of rider with vehicle = 0.6 m;
Two wheeler speed is 90 kmph; Wheel radius = 300 mm;
(or)
16. The turbine rotor of a ship has a mass of 3000 kg, it has a radius
of gyration of 0.4 m and a speed of 3500 rpm clockwise when
looking from stern. Determine the gyroscopic couple and its
effect upon the ship:
(a) When the ship is steering to the left on a curve of 120 mm
radius at a speed of 35 km/hr
(b) When the ship is pitching in a SHM, the bow falling with its
maximum velocity. The period of pitching is 45 seconds and that
the total angular displacement between the extreme positions of
pitching is 15 degrees.
17. Two gear wheels mesh externally and are to give a velocity ratio
3:1; the teeth are involute form and module is 6 mm. Assume
addendum is equals to one module, pressure angle is 20, pinion
rotates at 90 rpm.
Calculate (1) No. of teeth on the pinion to avoid interference on it
and the corresponding No. of teeth on the wheel. (2) The length
of path and arc of contact (3) the No. of pairs of teeth in contact
(4) Maximum velocity of sliding.
(or)

18. In a reverted epicyclic gear train, the arm A carries two gears B,
C and a compound gear D-E. The gear B meshes with gear E and
gear C meshes with gear D. the number of teeth on gears B, C
and D are 75, 30, and 90 respectively. Find the speed and
direction of gear C when the gear B is fixed and the arm A makes
100 rpm Clockwise.
19. A Proell governor has equal arms of length 300 mm. the upper
and lower ends of the arms are pivoted on the axis of the
governor. The extension arms of the lower links each 80 mm long
and parallel to the axis when the radii of rotation of the balls are
150 mm and 200 mm. the mass of each ball is 10 kg and the mass
of the central load is 100 kg. Determine the range of speed of the
Governor.
(or)
20. A porter governor has all four arms 300 mm long. The upper
arms are attached on the axis of rotation and the lower arms are
attached to the sleeve at a distance of 25 mm from the axis. The
mass of each ball is 8 kg and the sleeve has a mass of 60 kg. The
extreme radii of rotation are 200 mm and 250 mm. determine the
range of the speed of the governor.

Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper :Kinematics of Machines
Sub. Code :615PT101 (2007-08-09-10)
Date :03/12/2011

Max. Marks:80
Time : 3 Hours
Session :AN

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.

PART - A
(10 x 2 = 20)
What is meant by ternary joint and quaternary joint?

2.

3.

## Differentiate between normal

component of acceleration.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

component

and

tangential

## 10. Differentiate between Centrifugal and inertia type governors?

PART B
(5 x 12 = 60)
11. In the diagram 1, the angular velocity of the crank OA is 600
rpm. Determine the linear velocity of the slider D and the
angular velocity of the link BD, when the crank inclined at an

## angle of 75 to the vertical. The dimensions of the various links

are: OA=28 mm; AB = 44 mm; BC = 49 mm and BD= 46 mm.
O
A
75
B
C

D
DIAGRAM 1
The center distance between the centers of rotation O and C is 65
mm. The path of travel of the slider is 11 mm below the fixed
point C. The slider moves along a horizontal path and OC is
vertical.
(or)
12. Explain with neat sketches of the four bar mechanism and its
inversions.
13. Determine the proportions of four bar mechanism,by using three
precision points to generate y = x1.5 , where x varies between 1
and 4. Assume s = 30; = 90; s = 90; = 90. Take the
(or)
14. The crank of a slider crank mechanism rotates clockwise at a
constant Speed of 400 rpm. The crank is 160 mm and the
connecting rod is 650 mm long. Determine (a) the linear velocity
and acceleration of the slider and (b) the angular velocity and
angular acceleration of the connecting rod, at a crank angle of 45
from the inner dead center position.

## 15. An aero plane makes a complete half circle of 50 meters radius,

towards left, when flying at 200 kmph. The rotary engine and the
propeller of the plane have a mass of 400 kg and radius of
gyration 0.3 m. the engine rotates at 2400 rpm clockwise viewed
from the rear. Find the gyroscopic couple on the aircraft and state
its effect on it.
(or)
16. A cam with a minimum radius of 25 mm, rotating clockwise at a
uniform speed is to be designed to give a roller follower at the
end of a valve rod. The motion of the follower is described
below:
(a)
to rise the valve through 40 mm during 90of rotation of
cam,
(b)
to keep the valve fully raised through next 60;
(c)
to lower the valve during next 90 and
(d)
to keep the valve closed during the rest of the revolution.
The diameter of the roller is 25 mm. the displacement of the
valve, while being raised and lowered is to take place with SHM.
Draw the cam profile such that the line of stroke of the valve rod
passes through the axis of the cam shaft.
17. Two gear wheels mesh externally and are to give a velocity ratio
3:1; the teeth are involute form and module is 6 mm. Assume
addendum is equals to one module, pressure angle is 20, pinion
rotates at 90 rpm. Calculate (1) No. of teeth on the pinion to
avoid interference on it and the corresponding No. of teeth on the
wheel. (2) The length of path and arc of contact (3) the No. of
pairs of teeth in contact (4) Maximum velocity of sliding.
(or)
18. In a reverted epicyclic gear train, the arm A carries two gears B,
C and a compound gear D-E. The gear B meshes with gear E and
gear C meshes with gear D. the number of teeth on gears B, C
and D are 75, 30, and 90 respectively. Find the speed and

direction of gear C when the gear B is fixed and the arm A makes
100 rpm Clockwise.
19. A Proell governor has equal arms of length 300 mm. the upper
and lower ends of the arms are pivoted on the axis of the
governor. The extension arms of the lower links each 80 mm long
and parallel to the axis when the radii of rotation of the balls are
150 mm and 200 mm. the mass of each ball is 10 kg and the mass
of the central load is 100 kg. Determine the range of speed of the
Governor.
(or)
20. The following particulars refer to a Proell governor with open
arms: Length of all arms= 200 m; Distance of pivot of arms from
the axis of rotation = 40 mm; Length of extension of lower arms
to which each ball is attached = 100 mm; Mass of each ball = 6
kg; Mass of the central load =150 kg. If the radius of rotation of
the balls is 180 mm when the arms are inclined at an angle of 40
to the axis of rotation, find the equilibrium speed for the above
configuration.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E Mechanical (Part Time)

Title of the paper: Kinematics of Machines
Semester: I
Sub.Code: 615PT101 (2006/2007/2007 JAN)
Date: 15-05-2008

Max. Marks: 80
Time: 3 Hours
Session: FN

1.

PART A
(10 x 2 = 20)
How many inversions are possible from a four-bar chain?

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.
9.

## Briefly write about reverted gear train with suitable sketch.

What is the function of governor in an engine?

## 10. Define hunting in governor.

PART B
(5 x 12 = 60)
11. (a) Define transmission angle. Sketch a drag-link mechanism in
maximum transmission angle and minimum transmission angle
positions.
(4)
(b) Define kinematic inversion. Describe in detail with neat
sketches an elliptic trammel.
(6)

## (c) Design a four-crank rocker quick return mechanism for the

following data: Rocker swing angle = 90, Time ratio= 1.25 and
(6)
(or)
12. (a) How will you determine the magnitude and direction of the
Coriolis Acceleration vector?
(2)
(b) In a four-bar mechanism ABCD, the link lengths in mm are as
follows: Input AB = 25, coupler BC = 85, output CD = 50 and
frame AD = 60. The angle between the frame and the input is
100 measured anti-clockwise. The velocity of point V is 1.25
m/sec in the clockwise direction. Sketch the mechanism and
determine the velocity and acceleration of the mid-point of the
link BC. Also find the angular velocity and angular accelerations
of the links BC and CD.
(14)
13. Using the overlay method, synthesize a four-bar linkage to
generate the function = log 10 X, in the interval 1 X 2.
(or)
14. Synthesize a four-bar linkage to meet the following specification
of position, velocity and acceleration. = 60; 1 W = 5 rad/s;
15. Design and draw a cam to raise a valve with simple harmonic
motion through 50mm in 1/3 of a revolution keep if fully raised
through 1/12 revolution and to lower it with harmonic motion in
1/6 revolution. The valve remains closed during the reset of the
revolution. The diameter of the roller is 20mm and the minimum
radius of the cam is 25mm. The diameter of the camshaft is
25mm. The axis of the valve rod passes through the axis of the
camshaft.
(or)
16. A shaft is propelled by a turbine rotor, which has a mass of 5
tonnes and a speed of 2100 rpm. The rotor has a radius of
gyration of 0.5m and rotates in a clockwise direction when

viewed form the stern. Find the gyroscopic effect in the following
conditions:
(a) The ship sails at a speed of 30 km/hr and steers to the left in
(b) the ship pitches 6 above and 6 below the horizontal
position. The bow is descending with its maximum velocity. The
motion due to pitching simple harmonic and the periodic times is
20 seconds.
(c) The ship rolls and at a certain instant it has an angular
velocity of 0.03 rad/sec clockwise when viewed form stern.
17. Two spur gear wheels mesh externally and are to give a velocity
ratio of 3. The teeth are involutes form with diameteral pitch 2.
Use standard addendum values and pressure angle is 18.
Determine
(a) The number of teeth in each wheel to avoid interference.
(b) The lengths of path and arc of contact.
(c) The number of pair of teeth in contact.
(d) The angle of rotation of teeth pinion whilst any one pair of
teeth is in contact.
(or)
18. A epicyclic gear train consisting of fixed sun gear, S with 50
teeth meshing with a planet gear, P with 40 teeth. The planet gear
meshes with a ring gear, R with 60 teeth. Determine the speed of
the ring gear when the arm, A which carries the planet gear
rotates at a speed of 100 rpm clockwise about the sun gear center
axis.
19. The mass of each ball of a Proell governor is 7.5 kg and the load
on the sleeve is 80 kg. Each of the arms is 300mm long. The
upper arms are pivoted on the axis of rotation whereas the lower
arms are pivoted to links of 40mm from the axis of rotation. The
extensions of the Lower arms to which the balls are attached at
100mm long and are parallel to the governor axis at the minimum

## radius. Determine the equilibrium speeds corresponding to

Extreme radii of 180mm and 240mm.
(or)
20. In a spring controlled governor the curve of a controlling force is
a straight line. When the balls are 400mm apart the controlling force is
1200N and when 200mm apart the controlling force is 450N. At what
speed will the governor run when the balls are 250mm apart. What
initial tension on the spring would be required for isochronism and
what would then be the speed. The mass of each ball is 9 kg.

Register Number

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

## Course & Branch: B.E - P-MECH (JAN/JUN)

Title of the Paper: Kinematics of Machines
Max. Marks: 80
Sub. Code: 615PT101 (2006/07/08/09/ 2010-JAN) Time: 3 Hours
Date: 15/12/2010
Session: FN
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1.

PART - A
(6 X 5 = 30)
Differentiate completely constrained motion and incompletely
constrained motion.

2.

## What do you mean by degrees of freedom? Write the general

expression for a plane mechanism.

3.

4.

5.

## Draw the displacement, velocity and acceleration diagram for a

follower when it moves with uniform acceleration and uniform
retardation.

6.

7.

8.

9.

governors.

## 10. What do you mean by controlling force and controlling force

curve?
PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

11. (a) Explain with neat sketch any two kinematic inversions of a
double slider crank chain.
(8)
(b) Write the classification of Kinematic pairs.
(4)
(or)
12. The crank of a slider mechanism rotates clockwise at a constant
speed of 300 rpm. The crank is 150 mm and the connecting rod is
600 mm long. Determine (a) Linear velocity and acceleration of
the midpoint of the connecting rod and (b) Angular velocity and
angular acceleration of the connecting rod, at the crank angle of
450 from centre of the dead center position.
13. Synthesis a four bar linkage that, in one of its position, satisfy the
following values for the angular velocities and accelerations.
Y=x1.2 1 x 5
Using Chebyshev spacing for three precision points. Take o =
30, o = 60 and = = 90
(or)
14. Synthesis the four bar mechanism by Freudenstein method.
15. It is required to set out the profile of a cam to give the following
motion to the reciprocating follower with a flat mushroom
contact face:
(a) Follower to have a stroke of 20 mm during 120 of cam
rotation.
(b) Follower to dwell for 30 of cam rotation.
(c) Follower to return to its position during 120 of cam rotation
(d) Follower to dwell for the remaining period.
The minimum radius of the cam is 25mm. the outstroke of the
follower is performed with simple harmonic motion and the
return stroke with equal uniform acceleration and retardation.
Draw the profile of the cam.
(or)

16. A car is of total mass 3000 kg. It has wheel base equal to 2.5 m
and track width equal to 1.5m. The effective diameter of each
wheel is 800 mm and moment of inertia of each wheel is 1 kg-m2.
The rear axial ratio is 4. The mass moment of inertia of engine
parts is 3 kg-m2 and spin axis of engine parts is perpendicular to
the spin axis of wheels. Determine the reaction at each wheel if
car takes right turn 100 m radius at 108 km/hr speed. Also
determine critical speed. The height of C.G is 0.5m from ground
and it is passed on the vertical line through geometric center of
wheels.
17. A gear wheel having 20 teeth of involute form of module pitch
6mm and an angle of obliquity of 20 degrees drives another
wheel of the same dimensions. Calculate the length of arc of
altered so that the arc of contact was the maximum possible what
would be the length of the arc, and the addendum required for
this?
(or)
18. An epicyclic gear train consisting of fixed sun gear, S with 50
teeth meshing with a planet gear, P with 40 teeth. The planet gear
meshes with a ring gear, R with 60 teeth. Determine the speed of
the ring gear when the arm A which carries the planet gear rotates
at a speed of 100 rpm clockwise about the sun gear center axis.
19. Lengths of four arms are all 350mm. the upper arms are pivoted
on the axis of rotation and the lower arms at an offset of 40mm
form spindle axis. Each fly ball has a mass of 10 kg and sleeve of
60 kg. With these data for Porter governor and extreme radii of
250mm and 300mm for the rotation of governor balls, calculate
the equilibrium speeds at maximum and minimum radii and the
range of speed. The above data is used for Proell governor with
the condition that it will have the same equilibrium speed as
Porter governor at minimum radius with the ball centre vertically

above the joint. Determine the mass of the fly balls required and
compare the maximum equilibrium speed if the sleeve lift is
equal to that of above Porter governor. The extensions of lower
arm are 50 mm and vertical when the radius of rotation of the ball
is 250 mm.
(or)
20. A Hartnell governor having a central sleeve spring and twoangled bell crank levers operates between 290 rpm and 310 rpm
for a sleeve lift of 15mm. The sleeve arms and ball arms are 80
mm and 120 mm respectively. The levers are pivoted at 120 mm
from the governor axis and mass of each ball is 2.5 kg. The ball
arms are parallel to the governor axis at lowest equilibrium
speed. Determine (a) Loads on each spring at the lowest and the
highest equilibrium speeds and (b) Stiffness of the spring.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper :Kinematics of Machines
Sub. Code :615PT101
Date :10/12/2009

## Max. Marks :80

Time : 3 Hours
Session :FN

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

## Define (a) Kinematic Link (b) Kinematic pair.

List out few types of rocking mechanism.
Draw the acceleration diagram of a slider crank mechanism.
What is the difference between ideal mechanical advantage and actual
Write short notes on cams and followers.
Describe the gyroscopic effects on sea going vessels.
State and prove the law of gearing.
Define normal pitch and axial pitch relating to helical gears.
State the function of flywheel and governor in an engine.
What is meant by sensitivity of a governor?

PART - B
11.

12.

(10 x 2 = 20)

(5 x 12 = 60)

## A mechanism as shown in Fig. has the following dimensions O 1 A = 60mm;

AB = 180mm; O 2 B = 100mm; O 2 C = 180mm and CD = 270mm The crank
O 1 A rotates clockwise at a uniform speed of 120 r.p.m. The block D moves in
vertical guides. Find, by instantaneous centre method, the velocity of D and
the angular velocity of CD.

(or)
The dimensions of the various links of a mechanism as shown in fig. are as
follows: OA = 80mm; AC = CB = CD = 120 mm. If the crank OA rotates at

150 r.p.m in the anticlockwise direction find for the given configuration: 1.
velocity and acceleration of B and D: 2. rubbing velocity on the pin at C, if its
diameter is 20 mm; and 3. angular acceleration of the links AB and CD.

13.

14.

## The mechanism as shown in fig. has the dimensions of various links as

follows. AB = DE = 150mm; BC = CD = 450mm; EF = 375 mm. The crank
AB makes an angle of 45 with the horizontal and rotates about A in the
clockwise direction at a uniform speed of 120 r.p.m. The lever Dc oscillates
about the fixed point D, which is connected to AB by the coupler BC. The
block F moves in the horizontal guides, being driven by the link EF.
Determine:
(a) velocity of the block F (b)angular velocity of DC and
(c) rubbing speed at the pin C which is 50 mm in diameter.

(or)
In a quick return mechanism, as shown in fig. the drive crank OA is 60mm
long and rotates at a uniform speed of 200 r.p.m in a clockwise direction. For
the position shown, find

## (a) velocity of the ram R;

(b) acceleration of the ram R; and
(c) acceleration of the sliding block A along the slotted bar CD.

15.

16.

17.

## A cam is to be designed for a knife edge follower with following data:

(a) Cam lift = 40 mm during 90 of cam rotation with simple harmonic
motion.
(b) Dwell for the next 30
(c) During the next 60 of cam rotation, the follower returns to its original
position with simple harmonic motion.
(d) Dwell during the remaining 180.
Draw the profile of the cam when
(i) the line of the stroke of the follower passes through the axis of the cam
shaft, and
(ii) the line of stroke is offset 20mm from the axis of the cam shaft.
The radius of the base circle of the cam is 40mm. Determine the maximum
velocity and acceleration of the follower during its ascent and descent, if the
cam rotates at 240 r.p.m.
(or)
The turbine rotor of a ship has a mass of 3500 kg. It has a radius of gyration of
0.45 m and speed of 3000 r.p.m clockwise when looking from stern.
Determine the gyroscopic couple and its effect upon the ship:
(a) When the ship is steering to the left on a curve of 100m radius at a speed of
36 km/h
(b) When the ship is pitching in a simple harmonic motion, the bow falling
with its maximum velocity. The period of pitching is 40 seconds and the total
angular displacement between the two extreme positions of pitching is 12
degree.
Two involute gears of 20 pressure angle are in mesh. The number of teeth on
pinion is 20 and the gear ratio is 2. If the pitch expressed in module is 5 mm
and the pitch line speed is 1.2 m/s, assuming addendum as standard and equal

18.

19.

20.

to one module, find, (a) the angle turned through by pinion when one pair of
teeth is in mesh; and
(b) the maximum velocity of sliding.
(or)
In an epicyclic gear of the sun and planet type as shown in fig. the pitch circle
diameter of the internally toothed ring is to be 224 mm and the module 4mm.
When the ring D is stationary, the spider A, Which carries three planet wheels
C of equal size, is to make one revolution in the same sense as the sunwheel B
for every five revolutions of the driving spindle carrying the sunwheel B.
Determine suitable numbers of teeth for all the wheels.

The mass of each ball of proell governor is 7.5 kg and the load on the sleeve is
80 kg. Each of the arms is 300mm long. The upper arms are pivoted on the
axis of rotation whereas the lower arms are pivoted to links of 40mm from the
axis of rotation. The extensions of the lower arms to which the balls are
attached are 100mm long and are parallel to the governor axis at the minimum
180mm and 240mm.
(or)
Calculate the range of speed of porter governor which has equal arms of each
200mm long and pivoted on the axis of rotation. The mass of each ball is 4 kg
and the central mass of the sleeve is 20 kg. The radius of rotation of the ball is
100mm when the governor begins to lift and 130mm when the governor is at
maximum speed.

SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY
(Established under section 3 of UGC Act,1956)

## Course & Branch :B.E - P-MECH

Title of the Paper :Kinematics of Machines
Sub. Code :615PT101
Date :17/05/2010

## Max. Marks :80

Time : 3 Hours
Session :FN

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

PART - A

(10 x 2 = 20)

1.

2.

## Illustrate completely constrained motion and incompletely

constrained motion.

3.

4.

## What do you mean by number synthesis?

5.

What are the different types of motion with which a follower can
move?

6.

7.

8.

9.

PART B

(5 x 12 = 60)

## 11. Explain with neat sketch any three kinematic inversions of a

double slider crank chain.
(or)
12. Explain with neat sketch the different kinds of kinematic pairs
giving example for each.
13. Derive the Vector loop equation for a four bar linkage using
Frudenstein method.
(or)
14. Name different types of straight line mechanism. Explain with
neat sketches any two straight line mechanism.
15. It is required to set out the profile of a cam to give the following
motion to the reciprocating follower with a flat faced follower:
(a) Follower to have a stroke of 20mm during 120 of cam
rotation;
(b) Follower to dwell for 30 of cam rotation;
(c) Follower to return to its initial position during 120 of cam
rotation; and
(d) follower to dwell for remaining 90 of cam rotation.
The minimum radius of the cam is 25mm. The outstroke of the
follower is reformed with simple harmonic motion and the return
stroke with equal uniform acceleration and retardation.
(or)
16. A four wheeled trolley car of total mass 2000 kg running on rails
of 1.6 m gauge, rounds a curve of 30m radius at 54 km/hr. The
track is banked at 8. The wheels have an external diameter of 0.7
m and each pair with axle has a mass of 200 kg. The radius of
gyroscopic for each pair is 0.3 m. The height of centre of gravity
of the car above the wheel base is 1m. Determine allowing for
centrifugal force and gyroscopic couple actions, the pressure on
each rail.

## 17. A pair of 20 full depth involute spur gears having 30 and 50

teeth respectively of module 4mm and are in mesh. The smaller
gear rotates at 1000 rpm.
Determine
(a) Sliding velocities at engagement and at
disengagement of pairs of a teeth, and
(b) Contact Ratio
(or)
18. In an epicyclic gear train, the internal gear train, the internal
wheels A and B and compound wheels C and D rotate
independently about axis O. The wheels E and F rotate on pins
fixed to the arm G, E the same module and the number of teeth
are T C = 28; and T D = 26; T E = T F = 18.
(a) Sketch the arrangement;
(b) Find the number of teeth on A and B;
(c) If the arm G makes 100 rpm clockwise and A is fixed. Find
the speed of B; and
(d) If the arms G make 100 clockwise and wheel A makes 10 rpm
counter clockwise; Find the speed of wheel B.
19. All the arms of a Porter governor are 178 mm long and are
hinged at a distance of 38mm from the axis of rotation. The mass
of each ball is 1.15 kg and mass of the sleeve is 20 kg. The
governor sleeve begins to rise at 280 rpm, when the links are at
an angle of 30 to the vertical. Assuming the friction force to be
constant, determine the minimum and maximum speed of
rotation when the inclination of the arms to the vertical is 45.
(or)
20. The radius of rotation of the balls of a Hartnell governor is 80
mm at the minimum speed of 300 rpm. Neglecting gravity effect,
determine the speed after the sleeve has lifted by 60mm. Also
determine the initial compression of the spring, the f = governor
effort and the power. The particulars of the governor are given
below:
length of the ball arm = 150 mm;

## length of sleeve arm = 100 mm;

mass of each ball = 4 kg; and
stiffness of the spring = 25 N/mm.