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MID-SEMESTER EXAMINATION (MARCH 2012 SESSION) ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSES FLL0023 LECTURER

MID-SEMESTER EXAMINATION

(MARCH 2012 SESSION)

ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSES

FLL0023

LECTURER :……………………………………………………………………………

MATRIC NO

: ………………………………………….

PROGRAMME :

……………………………………

VENUE

: ………………………………………….

MAY 2012

DURATION : 2 HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS:

 

1. Candidates must read all questions carefully.

2. The examination script consists of the followings:

Part

Types of

Instruction

Answer Sheets to be Used

Questions

A

28 Short Answers

Answer ALL

Question paper

questions

B

2 Short Answers

Answer ALL

Question paper

questions

C

1 Essay

Answer ALL

Answer booklet

questions

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PART A (40 marks) Time: 1 hour

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INSTRUCTION This part consists of TWENTY EIGHT (28) questions Answer ALL questions in the spaces provided.

Read the text below and answer the questions following them.

Passage 1

THE ORIGIN AND USES OF SPICES

I In spite of their insignificantly small sizes, spices have been among the most prized commodities ever since the days of barter trading over five centuries ago. This is result of their numerous benefits especially as cooking condiments and as home remedy items. Most of these valuable spices originated from various parts of Asia, namely India and regions east of the subcontinent. Among the more common and widely used spices are cardamom, nutmeg, pepper and star anise.

II Cardamom, which is called the queen of spices, was originally found in Southern India and Sri Lanka. The seed is an important condiment in curry and other savoury dishes, sweetmeats, pastries, ice cream and puddings. Besides its culinary value, cardamom is also known to treat stomach disorders and flatulence. In addition, it is useful as a breath freshener and is a constituent of perfumes.

III Indonesia produces the largest harvest of cloves, which mostly comes from the Spice Islands in the Archipelago. The unopened flower buds are plucked and dried in the sun over several days. It is this part of the plant which goes into the making of gingerbread biscuit, spice bread and curry dishes. Cloves are also well- known for their ability to relieve toothache and nausea as well as spice up the aromatics in pot-pourris and pomanders. In addition, cloves are an important ingredient in the manufacture of the Indonesian cigarette, the kretek.

IV Until the eighteenth century, nutmeg trees were only grown in the Spice Islands under stringent Dutch control. It is inside of the seed which holds considerable commercial value as a condiment for sweet and savoury European cuisine as well as mutton and lamb dishes in West Asian countries. In powdered form, it is also used to flavour mashed potatoes and fruit puddings. In terms of medicinal value, nutmeg is known to relieve bronchial disorders, rheumatism, liver and skin ailments besides treating flatulence. Its other uses are evident in the making of perfumes.

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V If cardamom is the queen of spices, pepper is the king that hails from Southwest India and Sarawak, Malaysia. The dried berry of the climber is famed for enhancing the flavour of local dishes such as asam pedas, soto, curry and chicken soup. Pepper is also an important ingredient when making steak or barbecue marinade. It is also widely used as a treatment for flatulence and as an ingredient in perfumes.

VI Star anise, which probably got its name from its star-shaped appearance, was originally grown in Southern China and Vietnam. Hence, the dried form of the fruit features in poultry and meat stews and soups from the region. It is also used to flavour cough mixture and to treat colic and rheumatism. In addition, it is found in soaps and perfumes.

Study the table given below. There are some missing information in the table given. Find the missing information and write them in the spaces given in the following page.

 

Origin

1.

Spices

2.

Part of plant

Culinary

3.

Others

4.

Southern

Seed

Curry dishes,

Stomach

Breath

India,

6.

disorders,

freshener

5.

pastries,

flatulence

perfumes

ice cream

puddings

Clove

7.

Unopened

8.

Toothache,

9.

flower buds

Spice,

nausea

Pomanders

bread,

10.

curry

dishes

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Sweet/

   

Spice Islands

Seed

Bronchial

Perfumes,

(Indonesia)

savoury

disorder

shampoos,

European

cuisine,

soaps

mashed

liver and

potatoes,

skin

ailments,

mutton/ lamb

flatulence

dishes

Pepper

   

Asam pedas,

16.

17.

and

soto, curry,

Sarawak,

chicken soup

Malaysia

steak/

barbecue

marinade

18.

Southern

19.

Poultry and

flavour for

20.

China

meet stews,

cough

perfumes

Vietnam

soups

mixture

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

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11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

Passage 2

(20 marks)

MODERNIZATION

I Like poor people struggling to better their lives, agriculture-based countries (called agrarian economics) strive to become advanced countries. Modernization is a term used to denote this process. Basically, it is the Third World countries of Asia, Latin America and Africa that are hoping to become rich industrialized nations like the United States and the countries of Western Europe.

II Modernization is not only a process but also an ideology of change i.e. fundamentally believing in change. Changes will occur in societies, national legislation, work structure, attitudes, mass communication, health care, business, banking and so on myriad transformation will take place. It is the striving for the goals of national independence, social equality and economic health.

III Various indicators of health are used. Gross national product (GNP) per capita is a popular tool for measuring economic progress. GNP is derived by dividing the total value in monetary terms of all goods and services produced in a nation by the population of the year. Thus, if the GNP goes up, it indicates that the economy has progressed. However, it has its weaknesses, one of which is its failure to show the inequities in a nation. The GNP is fairly reliable for countries where most of the people have more or less the same level of income. However, a country’s rich can be very rich and the poor close to starving, and yet its GNP can look quite respectable.

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IV Per capita income, that is the average income per person, is usually also taken into account, but even here like GNP, it may not show the big gap between the rich and the poor.

V If a nation wants to become a modern state, it has to industrialize. Many farmers will have to go to work in factories before significant economic growth will happen. Otherwise, many of them will remain trapped in a cycle of poverty. The two best indicators of industrialization are the figures of how much energy and steel a country consumes. High consumption of these two commodities indicates that a country is in a high state of industrialization, such as Japan.

VI Social development is probably the most important aspect of modernization. After all, if the aim is to modernize, it should be for the betterment of society. Thus, social development indicators, such as the number of doctors, teachers, books, cars and televisions per 1 000 people, are also important.

VII Political modernization also is essential if development is to take place. The world has seen economics shattered by civil wars and incompetent leaders. In today’s world, many newly industrialized nations have to compete with advanced countries, and political stability is vital for directing a nation’s economy to compete globally.

VIII Because modernization is dependent on industrialization, it is not without its problems. Environmental pollution, the emphasis on consumption to sustain the economy and overpopulation of cities resulting in ghettoes and slums are obvious results of industrialization.

IX With globalization, modernization is taking yet another stage. Supporters of globalization say it will bring about a freer world with more openness and equality. Detractors say it will result in advanced nations taking over the economics of the poorer, and thus weaker, nations. Whether globalization is beneficial or not, only time will tell.

1. Give the meaning of the following words as used in the passage.

(a)

strive

(para I)

(b)

myriad

(para II)

(c)

monetary

(para III)

(d)

inequities

(para III)

(e)

respectable

(para III)

(f)

taken into account

(para IV)

(g)

significant

(para V)

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(h)

poverty

(para V)

(i)

emphasis

(para VIII)

(j)

detractors

(para IX)

2. What is GNP?

 

(10 marks)

3. How is GNP calculated?

 

(1 mark)

4. Name THREE (3) third world countries.

(1 mark)

 

I.

II.

III.

5. What do agrarian countries attempt to do?

(3 marks)

(1 mark)

6. What must a country do in order to be a modern state?

 
 

(1 mark)

7.

Why

modernization?

is

social

development

most

probably

the

most

important

aspect

of

8. Why is modernization also an ideology?

(1 mark)

(2 marks)

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PART B (30 marks) Time: 40 minutes

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INSTRUCTION This part consists of TWO (2) questions. Answer ALL questions in the spaces provided.

1. By using contextual clues, write down the meaning of the words in italics and state the technique(s) used to guess the meaning of the word.

(a)

The small boy tries to emulate his father in everything he does. He even copies the way his father walks.

Definition

:

Technique used

:

(b)

The driver who failed to yield the right-of-way and ignored the stop sign was charged with negligence.

Definition

:

Technique used

:

(c)

I swore not to reveal Anita’s secret, but then I did divulge it to my brother.

Definition

:

Technique used

:

(d)

When I saw the doctor’s sombre expression, I feared that serious news awaited me.

Definition

:

Technique used

:

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(e)

The neighbourhood is so affluent that most resident have Olympic-sized swimming pools, tennis courts, and luxury cars.

Definition

:

Technique used

:

(f)

It was hard to know what the speaker was really feeling- was his enthusiasm feigned or genuine?

Definition

:

Technique used

:

(g)

A sedentary lifestyle is a risk to health. Physically active people have a much better chance of avoiding heart disease and premature death.

Definition

:

Technique used

:

(h)

The robber tried to entice my younger brother to give him the keys to our house by promising him some chocolates.

Definition

:

Technique used

:

(i)

I expected truthfulness from a doctor; I was shocked by his mendacity.

Definition

:

Technique used

:

(j)

Since the economy is bad, we should be frugal in our spending.

Definition :

Technique used :

(10 marks)

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2. Each group of statements below includes a topic, main idea(s) and supporting detail(s). In the space provided, label each item with one of the following:

T

-

for the topic of the paragraph

MI

-

for the main idea

SD

-

for the supporting details

Group I

 

A.

Lack of exercise leads to “older” joints and muscles.

B.

Signs of aging.

C. Smoking and spending a great deal of time in the sun lead to wrinkling.

D.

Everyday habits can produce signs of aging.

Group II

 

A.

Electronic tutors, no larger or more costly than today’s

B.

calculators, will become as commonplace as the radio. Modern technology will change the very nature of our

C.

educational system. Technology’s effect on education.

D.

Portable electronic libraries, half the size of an average book,

Group III

will be able to hold all the books ever printed.

 

A.

Scientists used to think of the brain as the center of an

B.

electrical communication system. The way scientists view the brain’s role has changed greatly.

C.

Today, it is known that “the brain is a bag of hormones,” as one

D.

scientist puts it. How scientists think about the role of the brain.

Group IV

 

A.

Kinds of power.

B.

Force, which the Italian statesman Machiavelli called “the

C.

method of beasts,” is the use of physical coercion. Influence, the ability to control or change the behaviour of

D.

others, takes different forms. Power, the ability of control or change the behaviour of others, takes different forms.

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Group V

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A.

Benjamin Franklin discovered that lightning is an electrical

B.

charge. In addition to being a statesman, Franklin was a scientist and

C.

an inventor. Benjamin Franklin’s work.

D.

Franklin invented bifocals, the Franklin stove, and an electric storage battery.

(20 marks)

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PART C (30 marks) Time: 20 minutes

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INSTRUCTION This part consists of ONE (1) question. Answer ALL questions in the answer sheet provided.

1. The graph/ chart below shows a gender-based rate of books that are borrowed monthly by students from a local library. Write a report from this information, selecting and reporting the main features, as well as making comparisons where relevant.Write your report between 150-180 words.

RATE OF BOOKS BORROWED FROM A LOCAL LIBRARY: GENDER PERSPECTIVE

90 80 70 60 50 Male Students 40 Female Students 30 20 10 0 Fantasy
90
80
70
60
50
Male Students
40
Female Students
30
20
10
0
Fantasy
Science
History
Religion
TYPE OF BOOKS
NUMBER OF BOOKS

(30 marks)

END OF QUESTION PAPER