Sie sind auf Seite 1von 5

Abstract

Energy saving is one of the most critical subjects of the


modern energy society it deals with the ways of which we can
handle an efficient energy reducing process In any chemical
and petroleum process. One of the ways its done by
constructing and establishing an effective heat exchanger
network which will satisfy the hard equation regarding the
minimum cost and maximum heat transfer efficiency

Keywords: saving energy; heat exchanger network; pinch analysis; Distillation;


THEN

Introduction
While oil prices continue to climb, energy conservation
remains the prime concern for many process, also industries
Global demand for energy is growing, driven by rising
population and economic growth. Over the past three
decades, energy use has more than doubled. This increase,
in turn, has enabled the world economy to expand, raising
living standards and helping to meet the aspirations of
millions of people around the world. It is impossible to
operate a factory, run a shop, drive a car or deliver goods to
consumers without using some form of energy. Oil and gas
make a vital contribution to meeting the worlds energy
needs. Today, they account for well over half of global total
primary energy use.
This paper illustrates how to save energy in several
petroleum processes case studies by using heat exchanger
networks using primarily THEN:(the heat exchanger
network ) which uses an algorithm extracted from pinch
analysis from pinch analysis

Materials and methods, results and


discussion, conclusion.
Acknowledgment

We are very grateful to our friends, family for their support throughout
the finalization of this project, and especially for our mothers and
fathers for their support and patience

And I would like to thank prof. N.S.M. El-Tayeb for all his efforts and
patience in teaching me the necessary skills and for guiding me
through writing this paper

References
[1]

Plants,APTD-1352a, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency,Research

Triangle Park, NC, 1973.

[2]

Air Pollution Engineering Manual, Second Edition, AP-40, U.S.


Environmental Protection Agency, Research TrianglePark, NC, 1973.

[3]

Ben G. Jones, "Refinery Improves Particulate Control", OilAnd Gas


Journal,69(26):60-62, June 28, 1971.

[4]

"Impurities In Petroleum", Petreco Manual, Petrolite Corp., Long


Beach, CA, 1958.

[5]

Control Techniques For Sulfur Oxide In Air Pollutants, AP-52, U. S.


Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC, January 1969.1/95
Petroleum Industry
5.1-15

[6]

H. N. Olson and K. E. Hutchinson, "How Feasible Are Giant, Onetrain Refineries?", Oil And Gas Journal, 70(1):39-43, January 3, 1972.

[7]

C. M. Urban and K. J. Springer, Study Of Exhaust Emissions From


Natural Gas Pipeline Compressor Engines, American Gas Association,
Arlington, VA, February 1975.

[8]

H. E. Dietzmann and K. J. Springer, Exhaust Emissions From Piston


And Gas Turbine Engines Used In Natural Gas Transmission, American
Gas Association, Arlington, VA,January 1974.

[9]

M. G. Klett and J. B. Galeski, Flare Systems Study, EPA-600/2-76-079, U. S.


Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH, March 1976.

III

Evaporation Loss In The Petroleum Industry, Causes And


Control, API Bulletin 2513,American Petroleum Institute,
Washington, DC, 1959.
Hydrocarbon Emissions From Refineries, API Publication
No. 928, American Petroleum Institute, Washington, DC,
1973.

R. A. Brown, et al., Systems Analysis Requirements For


Nitrogen Oxide Control Of Stationary Sources, EPA-650/274-091, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH,
1974.
R. P. Hangebrauck, et al., Sources Of Polynuclear Hydrocarbons In
The Atmosphere,999-AP-33, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Research Triangle Park, NC, 1967.
W. S. Crumlish, "Review Of Thermal Pollution Problems,
Standards, And Controls At TheState Government Level",
Presented at the Cooling Tower Institute Symposium, New
Orleans,LA, January 30, 1966.
Assessment Of Atmospheric Emissions From Petroleum Refining,
EPA-600/2-80-075a through075d, U. S. Environmental Protection
Agency, Cincinnati, OH, 1980.5.1

Pinch Analysis and Process Integration A User Guide on


Process Integration forthe Eficient Use of EnergySecond edition

Kumana, J.D. and A.H. Al-Qahtani, (2003).Optimization of


Process Topology Using PinchAnalysis, First International
IV