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Research Proposal

1. Title of the Topic:

A title should be provided that describes the content and direction of your
2. Description of your Research Project:


That would be in the light of a thorough literature review. What it is that is

already known or unknown concerning your research topic.

Statement of the problem:

One must notice a problem in the existing literature that has not been
previously addressed. The problem can exist in the real situation like in
language classrooms that you might have observed. The following questions
should be answered: why does this research study need to be conducted?
What particular issues does this study raise that have not been observed in
existing literature pertaining to your research topic?
Giving answers to these questions will permit the reader to understand why
this specific study is important and how this research study will try to answer
the questions that were not asked before.


Aim and Objectives:

What it is that you want to investigate, prove, test, analyze or examine? List
your research objectives in a sequence.


Significance of your research study:

Why is this important area of your research study?
What sort of contributions this research study will make and for whom?


Research questions/Hypothesis:
Research questions inquire what relationship exists between the
different variables in the study, while the hypothesis makes a guess
about the relationship between variables. Make a list of all the research
questions that you want to investigate and then include researchers
hypothesis for the study.


Definition of terms:
It is important that you need to define each concept/variable that will be
used in the study, citing other research studies.

3. Theoretical framework:
This section mainly deals with the theories that will guide your study.
From these theories, the researcher will be able to inform the statement
of the problem, the purpose of the study, the question and hypothesis,
choice of instruments, and methodology of the study. Explain the major
contribution of the theory and how the theory relates to your research
4. Literature review
Provide the background for the research problems

Research as many studies as possible that relating to your theory.

Review many dissertations and research articles.
Separate different research studies into different categories which
should be elaborated as sub-headings aligned left.
Describe the results of different research studies with important
information like studies hypothesis, population, methodology, and
Relate each existing study to your research topic where you report how
your study makes contributions to the previous research studies.

5. Methodology
It is in this section you will discuss how you are going to test your
5.1Research design

What would be your research design? Whether your study is

exploratory, descriptive or explanatory etc. and what is the reason of
your choice? Explain how this design will drive results? Why that
particular research design, you are using, is more appropriate rather
than any other design? Or why it is necessary to choose that specific
research design? How the subjects will participate in your study? Are
you following quantitative, qualitative or mixed research design and
what is the reason of your choice?
5.2 Sampling
Discuss your population. From where will participants be selected?
What is your sample? Which sampling technique or method you will use
while selecting participants? What is the reason of using a particular
sampling technique? List elements that will be characteristics of the
sample, such as sex, age, etc.

5.3 Instrumentation
Which instruments you will apply to collect data? Discuss how the
instruments will measure the studys independent and dependent
variables. Discuss each instrument under a separate subheading.
5.4 Data collection and analysis Procedure:
Can you get access to the necessary data? How the data will be
administered? How you will collect that data? Describe the proposed
context of data collection: where? When? How? Are there any
incentives for students participating in the study? In which form you
will get the data? Whether it is documents, secondary data, transcripts
of interviews, or personal observations?
Why it is important or necessary to use that particular method to collect
data rather than employing any other method? What will be the
significance of collecting data by using that particular method?
Whether it would be quantitative or qualitative data and why? How you
will analyze your data and the reason of using particular method of
6. Research ethics:
Is subjects participation voluntary? Will they be given a choice to
withdraw from the study at any time? How the subjects confidentiality
will be protected? How they may receive a copy of study when it will be
7. Timetable
Indicate the timeframe for each broad stage including literature survey,
data collection, analysis, review, reporting, chapter and thesis writing.

8. Issues of Validity and reliability:

Discuss what measures would be taken by the researcher to make the
data reliable and valid. Quantitative/ qualitative research designs have
any particular guidelines for reliability and validity?
9. Reference list:
At the end a list of references is needed to include for all the sources
used. use APA Manual for formatting references.
10. Appendices
Include consent or permission letter, sample of questionnaire or interview you
are going to use.