1 views

Uploaded by AbdulMoeez Sheikh

power system analysis

- 3
- Mcqs in Basic Electronics
- 25 W Class a Amplifier
- Connected Inverters With Lcl Filters
- Band Gap Reference Design Example
- ser
- F20_E
- SPICE - A Brief Overview-3
- tda7393
- Mohamadou 2012 Meas. Sci. Technol. 23 105703
- Elec1111 04 Thevenin B W
- Chapter13.pdf
- Lab Exercise 8
- DVC6200 - Calibration
- Topic 5 _Circuit Theorem
- Datasheet 5
- Ies Syllabus
- LM386 Audio Amplifier Report
- PMA-710AE
- elex

You are on page 1of 6

Shunt-series Feedback

Objectives:

1. Develop approach to deal with shunt-series topology.

2. Discuss characteristics of shunt-series topology

3. Develop a systematic procedure to calculate the closed loop gain of shunt-series

topology

4. Explain how to find the closed loop input and output resistances of shunt-series

topology

5. Give demonstrating examples.

At the end of this lecture you will be able to:

1. Understand the basic structure of shunt-series feedback

2. Recognize the effect of shunt-series feedback on amplifier circuit

characteristics

3. Analyze and design shunt-series topology

The practical structure of the shunt-series topology is shown in Fig. 1. The output current

is sampled and part of it is feedback as a voltage at the input port.

Circuit-A and circuit- can be derived from the shunt-series amplifier as follows:

(a) Ideally, port-2 will be represented by short circuit since current is sensed. This will be

achieved after neglecting the dependent source at port-2. Therefore, R22 at port-2

must be series resistor.

(b) The topology is current sampling current mixing. This implies that the dependent

source of port-1 should be current dependent current source. Hence the associated

resistance of this current source R11 must be connected in parallel.

Circuit-A of the shunt-series topology is shown in Fig. 2(a) after R11 is slide back in

shunt with the basic amplifier and R22 is connected back in series with the load. The

input to circuit-A should be current Iia and the desired output is current Ioa. By definition

A=Ioa/Iia.

Fig. 2: Rules for finding Circuit-A and circuit- for the shunt-series topology

R11 is found with port-2 open while R22 is obtained with port-1 short as shown in Fig.

2(b) and Fig. 2(c), respectively.

The feedback factor is calculated by applying a test current at port-2 and finding its

short circuit current response at port-1 as shown in Fig. 2 (d). Be careful with the

direction of If.

Ria

.

The input resistance of the shunt-series topology is expected to decrease Rif =

1 + A

Whereas, the output resistance will increase Rof = Roa (1 + A ) .

Example 1: Find A, , closed-loop gain, input and output resistances for the circuit of

Fig. 3. Assume o= 100, ro= 100k, Q-point for Q1:(IC1=1mA,

VCE1=1.13 V), Q-point for Q2:(IC2=1mA, VCE2=2.7V)

Important observations before the solution:

1. The feedback is emitter of Q2 to base of Q1. Since there is 180 phase difference

between the positive input of the amplifier (base of Q1) and the input of feedback

network, the feedback is negative. In other words, Iin of the amplifier and If are of

opposite direction).

2. The feedback is shunt-series topology. This can be explained as follows. It is clear

that when RL is shorted, Iout still flowing and IE2 0 which means that the feedback still

sustains (i.e. current sampling). When Vs and Rs are opened there is still feedback, this

means current mixing).

Solution:

1. Draw the small signal equivalent circuit and use source transformation to change the

input voltage to current source as shown in Fig. 4.

2. Observe that the emitter current of Q2 is sampled and feedback as current at the base

of Q1. This means base of Q1 and emitter of Q2 are port-1 and port-2 of the feedback

network, respectively. With port-1 short, the value of the feedback current depends on

both resistors RE2 and Rf which form the feedback network.

3. Find R11. Use the rule and open port-2 to get R11=Rf+RE2.

4. Find R22. Use the rule and short port-1 to get R22= Rf||RE2.

5. Slide back R11 in parallel with input current source (R11 becomes between port-1 and

ground)

6. Slide back R22 in parallel (It becomes connected between port-2 and ground).

7. With the help of the previous three steps, circuit-A is formed as shown in Fig. 5.

Fig. 5: Circuit-A (Fig. 8.25 c) (Add current source Iia as input no need for Ii, Add Ioa at

the emmiter of Q2, Change Ri to Ria, Ro to Roa and Vpi to vbe, Rf+RE2 to R11,

Rf//Re2 to R22))

Apply a test voltage Iia and determine Ioa as follows:

By ohms law:

vbe1 = r 1 & RB & R11 & Rs I ia (1)

Apply RRR to R22 to becomes (1+o)R22 in series with r 2 .

Again by ohms law:

vb 2 = g m1vbe1[r 2 + (1 + o ) R22 ] & RC1 & ro1 (2)

By VDR:

(1 + o ) R22

vb 2 (3)

r 2 + (1 + o ) R22

By ohms law and using equations (1) to (3):

v

I oa = e 2

R22

ve 2 =

(1 + o ) R22

1

{ g m1[r 2 + (1 + o ) R22 ] & RC1 & ro1}( r 1 & RB & R11 & Rs ) I ia

R22 r 2 + (1 + o ) R22

r 2 = o / g m 2 = 2.5k , the open loop current gain becomes:

Ioa

= 426.9 A / A

A=

Iia

RC 2

Iout =

Ic2 =

RC 2 + RL

RC 2

Ic2 8

Iout

=

= (0.84) = 0.75mA / V

Vs

RC 2 + RL Vs 9

7. To find , short circuit port-1 and apply test current It. Find the short circuit feedback

current If from the circuit shown in Fig. 6 as follows:

By CDR:

I

1.3

RE 2

f =

=

= 0.115

11.3

I t R f + RE 2

Note that both A and are negative such that their multiplication will be positive. Hence

the feedback is negative.

Fig. 6: Circuit-

8. The required closed loop gain can be obtained as follows:

Io

A

426.9

Af = =

=

= 8.52 A / A

Is 1 + A

50.1

Ic 2 I o

0.99

=

=

Af = (

)(8.52) = 0.84mA / V

Vs I s Rs Rs

10k

The collector current Ic2 is divided between RC2 and RL.

9. The input resistance can be obtained as follows:

(a) Find input resistance of circuit-A: Ria = r 1 & RB & R11 & Rs 1.5k

Ria

1.5k

(b) Apply feedback equation for shunt at the input: Rif =

=

= 29.9

1 + A 50.1

(c) Extract the effect of Rs

Rin =

1

1

1

Rif Rs

= 30

(a) Find output resistance of circuit-A between Y-Y.

Open circuit Iia. This makes vbe1=0 and the dependent current source gm1vbe1

open-circuit. Then, applying IRRR to Q2 gives:

Roa =

RB 2

+ R 22 where RB 2 = (ro1 & RC1) + r 2

1 + o

(b) Apply feedback equation for series at the output:

Rof = Roa (1 + A ) = 63.3k

(c) Rof is the feedback resistance in the emitter of Q2 but the required output

resistance should be calculated as seen from collector of Q2. Thus, we may use the

result of Example in the lecture about the series-series topology which

is Rout ro 3 (1 +

g m 3 r 3 Rof

r 3 + Rof + RC 2

Rout ro 2 (1 +

g m 2 r 2 Rof

r 2 + Rof + ro1 & RC1

) = 8.55M

- 3Uploaded byAnonymous hd1ZUvFDL7
- Mcqs in Basic ElectronicsUploaded byerjayprakashpatel
- 25 W Class a AmplifierUploaded byaulizar
- Connected Inverters With Lcl FiltersUploaded bysumiths32
- Band Gap Reference Design ExampleUploaded byrkengwa
- serUploaded byEswaran'zSiva
- F20_EUploaded byBinaryN3wZ
- SPICE - A Brief Overview-3Uploaded byjosuemx
- tda7393Uploaded bycorneliunistor
- Mohamadou 2012 Meas. Sci. Technol. 23 105703Uploaded byVictor Garcia Gonzalez
- Elec1111 04 Thevenin B WUploaded byuploadingperson
- Chapter13.pdfUploaded byIoan Tudosa
- Lab Exercise 8Uploaded byAldemir
- DVC6200 - CalibrationUploaded byNazurudin Ahamed
- Topic 5 _Circuit TheoremUploaded byUmakandan Muniandy
- Datasheet 5Uploaded bytamphieuluuky
- Ies SyllabusUploaded byBhaskarReddyVangala
- LM386 Audio Amplifier ReportUploaded byDhruvesh Asnani
- PMA-710AEUploaded bypraveenkharb24
- elexUploaded byyzlebalita
- FENEX_Urban Planning QuestionsUploaded byAbdul Rahman A R
- lf444Uploaded byJohn Helver Pacheco Palacin
- lec7Uploaded byramana3339
- LF347BNUploaded byDavid Emmanuel Contreras Madrigal
- MAX1907A-MAX1981AUploaded byuim
- elexxUploaded byAlim Elmer
- IES-Electrical Engineering 1989.pdfUploaded byh9emanth4
- datasheet (1)Uploaded byJORGE
- 8051 Heart Rate MeterUploaded byNikos Kononos
- Uni Mig Workshop SeriesUploaded byDavid Turner

- AssessCover (1)Uploaded byAbdulMoeez Sheikh
- Power Sys Ass.pdfUploaded byAbdulMoeez Sheikh
- 45Uploaded byAbdulMoeez Sheikh
- IR2110Uploaded byjmsolanof
- jaegerUploaded byGuilherme Cruz
- AssessCover (1)Uploaded byAbdulMoeez Sheikh
- Wilson Current MirrorUploaded byAbdulMoeez Sheikh
- 45Uploaded byAbdulMoeez Sheikh
- 3455LectureSet02v42Uploaded byAbdulMoeez Sheikh

- ECE 126 Introduction to Analog IC DesignUploaded byBernard Ebarle
- An Ultra-Wideband Low Noise Amplifier and Spectrum Sensing Technique for Cognitive RadioUploaded byerdemsecen
- Phys305 Lab ManUploaded byz2048
- Resistive Bridge Basics 1&2Uploaded bybitconcepts9781
- LTC4151 I2C Current and Voltage MonitorUploaded byNegru P. Plantatie
- Lab 2Uploaded byTahmid Hassan Talukdar
- Mos sWitch Allen HolbergUploaded byAnil Koul
- TechRef RectifierUploaded byАлишер Галиев
- 959Uploaded byCamben ForFriends
- Shunt Measurement System 2.pdfUploaded byCao Minh Trí
- Viper 53Uploaded byCadena Cesar
- AMP.pdfUploaded byLuiz Clemente Pimenta
- Totem-Pole Output StageUploaded bySlanky BirOe Pulau
- Data Sheet lm331Uploaded byFavio Rubio
- 45364170Section1.pdfUploaded bysvdkar
- 110B Course Outline (1)Uploaded byrafearaine
- Implante coclearUploaded byThéu Castro
- FS_FSQ510Uploaded bySlobodan Boba Jovanović
- EDC_Unit 3 FinalUploaded byDr Umapathy
- Tech New FileUploaded byMubashir Hussain
- Lab7Uploaded byWaqas Javed
- OP77Uploaded byMac Alcudia
- Hand_out[1]Uploaded byAdugna
- Thevenin's Theorem ReportUploaded byAzir Ollin Uy
- Four Chanel Wireless Transmitter Amplifier Receiver SchematicsUploaded byMohammed Azeem
- Small Signal Amplifiers - Lesson 2 - Two Port ModelUploaded byMladen Hruska
- Lab2Uploaded byDhruvesh Asnani
- Simplest Chaotic CircuitUploaded bybamaz
- COntinuoous Time CMFBUploaded bynivia25
- fundamentals of electronics, book_1.pdfUploaded byjramongv