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Los

Nmeros
Numbers

Spanish Numbers

Marie-Claire Hunter, 2013 www.learnenglishspanishonline.com

How to pronounce the Spanish


numbers
Go to the link below to hear how to pronounce
the Spanish numbers

Los nmeros con audio


h9p://www.helloworld.com.es/english/LearnSpanish/LearnSpanishNumbers.htm

The number one - El nmero uno


The number one can appear as 'uno', 'una' or
simply 'un'.

Use 'uno' when counFng - one, two, three ..... etc

Use "un" before a masculine noun.


un libro = one book
un gato = one cat (male)
un hombre = one man

Use "una" before a feminine noun.


Una chica = one girl

Una perra = one dog (female)

0 - 10
0. cero
1. Uno (OO-noh)
2. dos (dohs)
3. tres (trehs)
4. cuatro (KWAH-troh)
5. cinco (SYN-coh)
6. seis (says)
7. siete (SYEH-teh)
8. ocho (OH-choh)
9. nueve NWEH-beh)
10.diez (dee-ehs)

Listen to the Spanish numbers 1-10 here.


h9p://www.spanish.bz/mp3s/numbers.mp3

11 -15
11. once (OHN-seh)
12. doce (DOH-seh)
13. trece (TREH-seh)
14. catorce (kah-TOHR-seh)
15. quince (KEEN-seh)
Go to this link to hear the audio
h9p://www.spanish.bz/mp3s/numbers11-20.mp3

16 -19
Spanish numbers 16 through to 19 are actually
contracFons
Eg. diecisis - literally means ten and six, but the numbers are joined
together, as shown below:
16. diecisis (dee-ess-ee-SAYS) (diez y seis)
17. diecisiete (dyeh-see-SYEH-teh) (diez y siete)
18. dieciocho (dyeh-see-OH-choh) (diez y ocho)
19. diecinueve (dyeh-see-NWEH-beh) (diez y nueve)
Go to this link to hear the audio
h9p://www.spanish.bz/mp3s/numbers11-20.mp3

20-29
Just like 16-19, Spanish numbers 21 to 29 are also contracCons, eg.
veinFuno = veinte y uno, twenty and one, etc

20. veinte

21. veinFuno
22. veinFds
23. veinFtrs
24. veinFcuatro
25. veinFcinco
26. veinFsis
27. veinFsiete
28. veinFocho
29. veinFnueve

(BEHN-teh)
(behn-tee-OO-noh)
(behn-tee-DHOS)
(behn-tee-TRHES)
(behn-tee-KWAH-trho)
(behn-tee-SYN-coh)
(behn-tee-SAYS)
(behn-tee-SYEH-teh)
(behn-tee-OH-choh)
(behn-tee-NWEH-beh)

NB The pronunciaCon of the Spanish v can be slightly dierent depending on which country you are in but it is
oNen like a cross between the English b and v. Bear in mind that the best way to learn pronunciaCon is to listen
to naCve speakers and to imitate them.

Now you try! Count to 20 in Spanish!


1. uno
2. dos
3. tres
4. cuatro
5. cinco
6. seis
7. siete
8. ocho
9. nueve
10.diez

(OO-noh)
(dohs)
(trehs)
(KWAH-troh)
(SYN-coh)
(says)
(SYEH-teh)
(OH-choh)
NWEH-beh)
(dee-ehs)

11. once
12. doce
13. trece
14. catorce
15. quince
16. diecisis
17. diecisiete
18. dieciocho
19. diecinueve
20. veinte

(OHN-seh)
(DOH-seh)
(TREH-seh)
(kah-TOHR-seh)
(KEEN-seh)
(dee-ess-ee-SAYS)
(dyeh-see-SYEH-teh)
(dyeh-see-OH-choh)
(dyeh-see-NWEH-beh)
(BEHN-teh)

Now, remembering that you contract the tens


and ones in numbers from 16-29 how would you
say and write these numbers?




sixteen
nineteen
twenty-one
twenty-ve
twenty-nine

How did you do?


sixteen = diecisis (dee-ess-ee-SAYS)
nineteen = diecinueve (dyeh-see-NWEH-beh)
twenty-one = venFuno (behn-tee-OO-noh)
twenty-ve = veinFcinco (behn-tee-SYN-coh)
twenty-nine = veinFnueve (behn-tee-NWEH-beh)

30 - 39
From now on rather than contracCng the numbers you just have to put the
leRer y between them: treinta y uno, ... y dos, ... y tres etc, but remember
when theyre pronounced the sounds sCll run together.
30. treinta (TREHN-tah)
31. treinta y uno (TREHN-tah-ee-dohs)
32. treinta y dos
33. treinta y tres
34. treinta y cuatro
35. treinta y cinco
36. treinta y seis
37. treinta y siete
38. treinta y ocho
39 treinta y nueve

40 -50
40. cuarenta (KWAH-rhen-tah)
41. cuarenta y uno (KWAH-rhen-tah ee-oo-noh)
42. cuarenta y dos
43. cuarenta y tres
44. cuarenta y cuatro
45. cuarenta y cinco
46. cuarenta y seis
47. cuanrenta y siete
48. cuarenta y ocho
49. cuarenta y nueve
50. cincuenta
......this pa9ern conFnues all the way up to 99

So remember, aier 29 we dont contract tens and ones,


so how would you write the following numbers?

thirty three
thirty seven
forty six
forty eight
iy one
seventy ve

How did you do?

thirty three
thirty seven
forty six
forty eight
iy one
seventy ve

treinta y tres
treinta y siete
cuarenta y seis
cuarenta y ocho
cincuenta y uno
setenta y cinco

Spanish numbers 10 90 in tens


10. diez (dee-ehs)
20. veinte (BEHN-teh
30. treinta (TREHN-tah)
40. cuarenta (kwah-RHEN-tah)
50. cincuenta (syn-KWEHN-tah)
60. sesenta (seh-SEHN-tah)
70. setenta (seh-TEHN-tah)
80. ochenta (oh-CHEN-tah)
90. noventa (noh-BEHN-tah)

Go to this link to hear the audio


h9p://www.spanish.bz/mp3s/
numbers2.mp3

100
Use cien for exactly 100 before masculine
singular nouns but use ciento if its one
hundred and something. Eg. Cien libros. 100 books.

Cien perros. 100 dogs. but Ciento tres perros. 103 dogs.

Unlike English you dont need to put the number one


or the word a before thousand, just the word mil
does the trick.

mil = one thousand, 1000

NOT UN MIL

And with mulFple thousands you give the


number and then just the singular mil
dos mil = two thousand, 2000
tres mil = three thousand, 3000
dos mil doscientos veinFds = 2,222

And for years


1914 = mil novecientos catorce (not diecinueve catorce)
2014 = dos mil catorce

Remember: mil (one thousand) is a


masculine noun
So when you want to say
one hundred thousand
you say cien mil not ciento mil.

eg. Cien mil personas.

One hundred thousand people. (100,000 people)

MulFple hundreds
MulFple hundreds are wri9en as just
one word.
eg. ochocientos = 800,
novecientos noventa y nueve = 999
There are three forms that have slight irregulariFes:
500 is quinientos, (kin-ee-ehn-tos), 700 is setecientos
(seht-eh-see-ehn-tos) and 900 is novecientos (noh-beh-see-ehn-tos).

Masculine & feminine hundreds


When describing nouns in their hundreds there is
both a masculine and feminine form of ciento.

Doscientos chicos.
Trescientas chicas.

When not to use y (and)


Only use y (and) between the tens and ones for the numbers 31-99 and then
131-199, 231-299 etc.
32 = Treinta y dos
93 = Noventa y tres
but remember no y for the following
although you would say and in English.
110 (one hundred and ten) = ciento diez
2014 (two thousand and fourteen) = dos mil catorce
NB: you cant say veinte catorce (twenty fourteen)

So lets pracFce, write the following


numbers in Spanish





95
104
1926
2014
500
200

Hopefully you wrote


95 = noventa y cinco
104 = ciento cuatro
1926 = mil novecientos veinFses
2014 = dos mil catorce
500 = quinientos (kin-ee-entos)
200 = doscientos

A li9le note on telephone numbers


The most common way to dictate a
telephone number in Spanish seems to be
by grouping the numbers into pairs.

894-674 = (89) ochenta y nueve, (46) cuarenta y seis, (74) setenta y cuatro

What happens with the zeros?

If you come across a zero (cero) you can decide how to break the rest of the numbers up:
0684723 eg. cero seis, ochenta y cuatro, setenta y dos, tres
or cero, sesenta y ocho, cuarenta y siete, veinFtrs
Whole hundreds are possible eg. for numbers that start with 0800 etc
but thats about as big as they should get.
0800-024-365 = cero, ochocientos - cero, veinFcuatro - trescientos sesenta y cinco.

NB: Individual taste and regional preference means that there will of course be other opCons

So how would you say these telephone


numbers out loud?
847014
021294788
8186032
080023987
Dont worry, there are no real rules, this is just for pracCce!

Did you say?


847014 = ochenta y cuatro, setenta, catorce
021294788 = cero dos, doce, noventa y cuatro, setenta y ocho, ocho
8186032 = ochenta y uno, ochenta y seis, cero, treinta y dos
080023987 = cero, ochocientos, veinFtrs, novecientos ochenta y siete
Or . cero, ochenta, cero, veinFtrs, noventa y ocho, siete

NB As we said there are no hard and fast rules but hopefully youve got the idea.

Where would you rather be a billionaire?

1,000,000 = un milln

(and yes you do need the un this Cme, unlike a thousand which is just mil)

1,000,000,000 = mil millones for 1,000,000,000


Then things get a bit tricky as the Spanish tradiConally follows the BriCsh English for billions and trillions.

1,000,000,000,000 = un billn

(equal to a billion in BriFsh English but a trillion in U.S. English)

1,000,000,000,000,000 = un trilln

(equal to a BriFsh English trillion but much more than a U.S. English trillion)

Plurals
Although mil stays in the singular form no ma9er how many there are (un mil, dos mil etc)
milln and billn become plural and drop their accents.
Un milln.
Dos millones.
Un billn.
Tres billones.

Eg. La pobreza grave ya afecta a tres millones de personas en Espaa.


(Note the use of the preposiCon de that is needed with milln and billn unless followed by another number,
eg. La pobreza grave ya afecta a un milln trescientos habitantes.)

So now that youve covered so much informaFon about Spanish


numbers would you like to see how much has sunk in?
have a go at translaFng these numbers to Spanish.
100
101
102
103
110
199
200
201
202
203
251
252
272

300
368
400
500
600
700
800
900
1.000
1.241
2.000
3.000
3.333
1.000.000
1.000.000.000

Here are your answers!


100. cien
101. ciento uno
102. ciento dos
103. ciento tres
110. ciento diez
199. ciento noventa y nueve
200. doscientos
201. doscientos uno
202. doscientos dos
203. doscientos tres
251. doscientos cincuenta y uno
252. doscientos cincuenta y dos
272. doscientos sesenta y dos

300. trescientos
368. trescientos sesenta y ocho
400. cuatrocientos
500. quinientos
600. seiscientos
700. setecientos
800. ochocientos
900. novecientos
1.000. mil
1.241. mil doscientos cuarenta y uno
2.000. dos mil
3.000. tres mil
3.333. tres mil trescientos treinta y tres
1.000.000. un milln
1.000.000.000. mil millones (1 billion in English)

Now for some fun!


Im sure you did well but as they say, pracFce makes perfect so when
you have Fme why not play this great number listening game
thanks to Spanishspanish.com
Theyll say a number and you type it to see if you understood, its a
great way to pracFce listening as well.

h9p://www.spanishspanish.com/numbers/numbers_pracFce100.html
Marie-Claire Hunter, 201 www.learnenglishspanishonline.com

Well done!
You should now have all the basic informaFon about numbers so
you can move on to the next topic.

But, if you would like to know a bit more about number


punctuaFon, ordinal numbers (rst, second, third etc) as well as
saying dates in Spanish you may be interested in the following
supplementary informaFon.

Commas and decimal points


Some Spanish speaking countries use the decimal
point and the comma in basically the opposite
way to the English system
Eg 982,343,678.99 would be 982.343.678,99
and 10.5 would be 10,5 (said: diez coma cinco)
* NB This appears to be the standard for Spain, South America and parts of Central

America while Mexico, Puerto Rico and yet other parts of Central America are more
likely to use the same format as the English system. In some places thousands are just
separated by a space instead of using a comma or a decimal point eg. 2 342.

Ordinal numbers show the order of nouns


Eg. The rst day of the month. El primer da del mes.

First: primero





Third: tercero




Fiih: quinto





Seventh: spFmo, sFmo


Ninth: noveno




Eleventh: undcimo or decimoprimero*
Thirteenth: decimotercero


Fiieenth: decimoquinto

Second: segundo


Fourth: cuarto
Sixth: sexto
Eighth: octavo
Tenth: dcimo
Twelih: duodcimo decimosegundo*
Fourteenth: decimocuarto
100th: centsimo

* two newer forms also accepted by RAE

NB: When primero and tercero precede a singular masculine noun, the nal -o is dropped, eg.
el primer da (the rst day), el tercer nio (the third boy)
Also ... for larger numbers, it is common to use simply the cardinal number, especially in
speech, eg: el siglo veinte

Ordinal Numbers and Gender


Ordinal numbers must agree in gender (masculine or
feminine) with the nouns they modify.
And remember that primero and tercero drop the
o on the end when they come before a masculine
singular noun.
el tercer da (the third day)
la tercera vez (the third 1me)

Some useful sayings


La Primera Guerra Mundial = WW1
La Segunda Guerra Mundial = WW2
al alba = at rst light
primeros auxilios = rst aid
primognito = rst born
primera, primera clase = 1st class
primero(a) hermano(a) =rst cousin
estreno = rst night (ie. premiere)
primera infancia = early childhood
primera plana = front page
primer plano = close up, foreground
segundo plano = background
por nesima vez = for the umpteenth Fme
la planta baja = the rst oor

Ordinal Number AbbreviaFons

Primero = 1ro. or 1

Primera = 1ra. or 1

Segundo = 2do. or 2

or the feminine forms

Segunda = 2da. or 2

Tercero = 3ro. or 3

Tercera = 3ra o 3

Dates

In Spanish, dates are expressed in this order: day, month, year.


Whats the date (today)?

Cul es la fecha? A cunto estamos hoy?

Its the 11th of November.


Es el once de noviembre.
Estamos a once de noviembre (de dos mil catorce).
Hoy es el once de noviembre de dos mil catorce).
(Note that months of the year are not capitalised
and dont forget, the date always precedes the month, the eleventh of November, not November eleven.)

Dates and Ordinal Numbers


Spanish speakers usually use the ordinal number
el primero for the rst of a month but just a cardinal
number for the other days of the month.

Es el primero de abril.
(Hoy) es el 1o de abril.

but

It's July 4th.


Es el 4 (cuatro) de julio.

First two, rst three etc


If both cardinal and ordinal numbers appear
together, the cardinal number goes rst.
Me encantaban los dos primeros captulos.
(I loved the rst two chapters.)
Estuve enferma los tres primeros das.
(I was sick the rst three days.)

FracFons = Las fracciones


= medio
1/3 = un tercio
2/3 = dos tercios
From to 1/10 use the ordinal numbers
= un cuarto
tres cuartos
1/10 = un dcimo
From then on add avo to the cardinal number
1/11 = un onceavo
1/12 = un doceavo
1/20 = un veinteavo
1/32 = un treintaidosavo

How to say big fracFons

Just like in English there are a couple of other


opFons for how to say the bigger fracFons.
10/647 for example could be ten over , ten divided by etc.
Diez sobre seiscientos cuarenta y siete.
Diez parFdo/dividido por seiscientos cuarenta y siete.

FracFons for recipes


Note that all fracFons are masculine nouns
and that *where you place the fracFon can be opFonal
2 teaspoons = dos y un cuarto cucharaditas
3 2/3 cups = *tres tazas y dos tercios
1 cups of milk = una taza y un cuarto de leche
2 1/3 cups of our = dos tazas y un tercio de harina
half a cup of egg whites = una media taza de claras de huevo
cup = un cuarto de taza

La .. parte
When you want to refer to a fracConal part of something you can use the expressions
given below and noCce that especially aNer 1/10th the use of la .. parte along
with the feminine ordinal number ending in ava.
la mitad (de)
1/3 la tercera parte (de)
la cuarta parte (de)
2/3 dos terceras partes (de)
tres cuartas partes (de)
4/5 cuatro quintas partes (de)
1/6 la sexta parte (de)
1/7 la spCma parte (de)
1/8 la octava parte (de)
1/9 la novena parte (de)
1/10 la dcima parte (de)
1/15 la doceava parte (de)
1/15 la quiceava parte (de)
1/20 la venteava parte (de)
1/30 la treintava parte (de)

Half Medio or Mitad?


Lets start with mitad which is always a noun.
Use mitad when referring to a single object
OR various objects that make up a whole.
La mitad (de) = half (of) it, them, something
Cada segundo se crea un blog nuevo, pero solo la mitad permanecen acCvos.
A new blog is made every second, but only half remain acCve.
Cartuchos de impresora a mitad de precio! Printer cartridges at half price!
la mitad de mis amigos = half of my friends
dame la mitad = give me half (of something

Now for medio


Medio can be an adjecCve or adverb when referring to
quanCty.
Use medio to refer to a single object
or something that can be perceived as a unit.
When used as an adjecCve it must agree with the noun that it is describing.
Es medio caballo, media mujer. Its half horse, half woman.

La casa ocupa una media manzana. The house takes up half a block.

More on medio/a
SomeCmes the noun can be omiRed.
Eg. Una hora y media. (not una hora y una media hora)
Pon una cuchara y media de azcar. (Add a spoonful and a half of sugar.)

When used as an adverb medio doesnt change to agree with the adjecCve.
Ella es medio loca. Shes half crazy.
Siempre la veo medio borracha. I always see her half-drunk.
La tarea est medio hecha. The homeworks half done.
A medias is a set phrase that can work as an adjecCve or as an adverb meaning half done, half-way
through etc or basically incomplete.
Eg. La fabricacin del pedido est a medias. Were half way through compleFng your order.

So how would you say












1/3
the second oor
the rst oor
the twenFeth oor
21/40
37/30
She only ate a third of her sandwich.
1/20 for entertainment.
1/6 for clothing.
1/5 for food.
cup of milk

Did you say?


1/3 = un tercio
the second oor = el segundo piso
the rst oor = la planta baja
the twenFeth oor = el piso veinte
21/40 = veinFn cuarentavos
37/30 = treinta y siete treintavos
She only ate a third of her sandwich.


= Ella solo se comi un tercio de su sndwiche.
or Ella solo se como una tercera parte de su sndwiche.
1/6 for clothing. = Un sexto para ropa.

1/20 for entertainment.
= un veinteavo (or la veinteava parte) para diversiones.
1/5 for food = 1/5 para comesFbles
cup of milk = una media taza de leche

If youd like some more pracFce, try


translaFng these phrases
See you in a quarter of an hour.
Were leaving in half an hour.
Give me half a kilo.
Give me half a pound.
He lost a third of his weight.
Save one third of the mix for a sauce.
One inch is a twelih of a foot.
One twelih.
There was a 15% surcharge.
The price was reduced by half.
A quarter of the water is wasted.
A thousandth of a second.
These examples were found online here: h"p://&nyurl.com/ozgluhm

How did you go?


See you in a quarter of an hour. Nos vemos dentro de un cuarto de hora.
Were leaving in half an hour. Salimos en media hora.
Give me half a kilo. Deme medio kilo.
Give me half a pound. Deme media libra.
He lost a third of his weight. Baj de un tercio de su peso.
Save one third of the mix for a sauce.
Reserva de una tercera parte de la mezcla para la salsa.
One inch is a twelih of a foot. Una pulgada es la doceava parte de un pie.
Two ihs. Dos quintas partes.
One twelih. Una doceava parte.
There was a 15% surcharge. Haba un recargo del quince por ciento.
The price was reduced by half. El precio se reduj de la mitad.
A quarter of the water is wasted. Se desperdicia un cuarto del agua.
A thousandth of a second. Un milsima de segundo.

If you get stuck


Try this niiy website, you type in your number and it
gets translated for you.

Just dont put decimal points as they seem to make it a liRle confused.

h9p://www.numeros-escritos.com.ar

CongratulaFons, weve covered a lot of material here and youre not


expected to remember it all but feel free to bookmark this lesson for using
as a reference tool.
All the best with using los nmeros!

The End
Marie-Claire Hunter, 201 www.learnenglishspanishonline.com