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You are on page 1of 17

r,

IB DIPLOMA PROGRAMME

PROGRAMME DU DIPLOME DU BI

PROGRAMA DEL DIPLOMA DEL BI

MATHEMATICAL METHODS

STANDARD LEVEL

PAPER 2

Friday 4 November 2005 (morning)

2 hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

Answer all five questions from Section A and one question from Section B.

Unless otherwise stated in the question, all numerical answers must be given exactly or to three

significant figures.

17 pages

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

Please start each question on a new page. You are advised to show all working, where possible. Where an

answer is wrong, some marks may be given for correct method, provided this is shown by written working.

Solutions found from a graphic display calculator should be supported by suitable working, e.g. if graphs

are used to find a solution, you should sketch these as part of your answer.

SECTION A

Answer all five questions from this section.

1.

(i)

(ii)

Two weeks after its birth, an animal weighed 13 kg . At 10 weeks this animal

weighed 53 kg . The increase in weight each week is constant.

(a)

Show that the relation between y, the weight in kg, and x, the time in

weeks, can be written as y = 5 x + 3.

(b)

[1 mark]

(c)

[1 mark]

(d)

Calculate how many weeks it will take for the animal to reach 98 kg.

[2 marks]

[2 marks]

In the research department of a university, 300 mice were timed as they each

ran through a maze. The results are shown in the cumulative frequency diagram

opposite.

(a)

[1 mark]

(b)

[1 mark]

8805-7302

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

(c)

Time t (seconds)

t<7

7t <8

8t <9

9 t < 10

10 t < 11

11 t < 12

12 t < 13

13 t < 14

14 t < 15

8805-7302

Number of mice

0

16

22

p

q

70

44

31

23

(i)

(ii)

[4 marks]

Turn over

4

2.

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

The following probabilities were found for two events R and S.

1

4

1

P ( R) = , P ( S | R ) = , P ( S | R) = .

3

5

4

(a)

[3 marks]

(b)

8805-7302

(i)

P (R S ) .

(ii)

P (S ) .

(iii)

P (R | S ) .

[7 marks]

5

3.

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

Consider the function f ( x) =

(a)

(b)

16

+ 8 , x 10 .

x 10

(i)

(ii)

Find the

(i)

y-intercept;

(ii)

x-intercept.

(c)

(d)

Let g ( x) =

[2 marks]

[4 marks]

16

, x 0.

x

10

The first is a translation with vector . Give a full geometric description of

0

the second transformation.

8805-7302

[2 marks]

[2 marks]

Turn over

6

4.

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

(i)

Consider the point D with coordinates (4 , 5) , and the point E, with coordinates

(12 , 11).

[2 marks]

(a)

Find DE .

(b)

Find DE .

(c)

shown in the following diagram.

[2 marks]

Find the possible coordinates of G.

(ii)

[8 marks]

Car 1 moves in a straight line, starting at point A (0 , 12) . Its position p seconds

x 0

5

after it starts is given by = + p .

y 12

3

(a)

[2 marks]

Car 2 moves in a straight line starting at point B(14 , 0) . Its position q seconds

x 14

1

after it starts is given by = + q .

y 0

3

Cars 1 and 2 collide at point P.

(b)

8805-7302

(i)

Find the value of p and the value of q when the collision occurs.

(ii)

[6 marks]

7

5.

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

(i)

(ii)

(a)

terms of t.

[6 marks]

(b)

[3 marks]

(c)

m and the value of n.

[3 marks]

8805-7302

[6 marks]

Turn over

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

SECTION B

Answer one question from this section.

Statistical Methods

6.

(i)

The following scatter diagrams represent six sets of data. The line y = x is

shown on each diagram.

A

data. The coefficient of linear correlation, r, is also calculated in each case.

The values of a are 1, 0.5 , 1 or 1.5 . The values of r are 0.8 , 0.95 or 1 .

(This question continues on the following page)

8805-7302

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

Write down the letter of the diagram corresponding to the following results.

(ii)

(a)

a = 1, r = 1 ;

[1 mark]

(b)

a = 1.5 , r = 0.95 ;

[1 mark]

(c)

a = 0.5 , r = 0.95 ;

[1 mark]

(d)

a = 1.5 , r = 0.8 ;

[1 mark]

(e)

a = 0.5 , r = 0.8 .

[1 mark]

The heights, H, of the people in a certain town are normally distributed with

mean 170 cm and standard deviation 20 cm.

(a)

A person is selected at random. Find the probability that his height is less

than 185 cm.

[3 marks]

(b)

[3 marks]

(iii) Three football teams, Atletico, Boca and Celtic play in a league. Each team

plays the same number of home and away matches. The following table shows

the number of goals scored in home and away matches for each team.

Home Goals

Away Goals

Atletico

45

20

Boca

30

25

Celtic

20

20

the team. This hypothesis is to be tested.

(a)

38.6 home goals.

[2 marks]

The following table shows the expected number of goals for each team.

Home Goals

Away Goals

Atletico

38.6

26.4

Boca

32.7

22.3

Celtic

23.8

16.2

(b)

(c)

(i)

(ii)

[2 marks]

[3 marks]

(This question continues on the following page)

8805-7302

Turn over

10

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

(Question 6 continued)

(iv) The sketch below shows the probability distribution for a normally distributed

random variable, X.

(a)

approximately 30.

[2 marks]

For the remainder of the question, the standard deviation of X may be assumed

to be 30.

(b)

(c)

8805-7302

(i)

sketch the distribution you would expect for the means of these

samples when n = 9.

(ii)

between 190 and 210. Calculate the value of n.

[6 marks]

a mean greater than 200. A sample of size 25 of the second population

is taken and is found to have a mean of 212. Explain why, at the 5 %

level of significance, this result supports the hypothesis that the mean

has increased.

[4 marks]

11

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

Further Calculus

7.

(i)

f ( x) = 3 x 4 4 x 3 30 x 2 36 x + 112 , 2 x 4.5 .

(a)

[2 marks]

(b)

of x. Find this other value.

[3 marks]

(c)

[4 marks]

(d)

where the tangent is horizontal.

[2 marks]

1

is given below.

f

(e)

(f)

x-coordinate of P.

1

is horizontal at P. Write down the

f

[2 marks]

[2 marks]

8805-7302

Turn over

12

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

(Question 7 continued)

(ii)

(a)

2x

1.

x3

g ( x) =

2 x ( x ln 2 3)

.

x4

[4 marks]

(b)

g (10)

.

g (10)

(i)

(ii)

g ( x) = 0 . Write down, in terms of p, a more accurate approximation

to the solution of this equation.

4

0

[3 marks]

x3 + 36 dx .

8805-7302

(a)

an approximate value for I.

(b)

(i)

I in this case?

(ii)

and your answer to (b) (i).

[4 marks]

[4 marks]

13

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

Further Geometry

8.

(i)

5 1

2 4

9 7

A=

B=

C =

.

7 2

3 15

8 2

Let X be an unknown 2 2 matrix satisfying the equation

AX + B = C .

This equation may be solved for X by rewriting it in the form

X = A1 D

where D is a 2 2 matrix.

(a)

Write down A1 .

[2 marks]

(b)

Find D.

[3 marks]

(c)

Find X.

[2 marks]

8805-7302

Turn over

14

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

(Question 8 continued)

(ii)

The following diagrams represent the image of the rectangle PQRS after various

transformations, labelled A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, K.

A

H

J

8805-7302

15

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

The following matrices represent some of the transformations of PQRS.

0 1

M1 =

1 0

1 0

M2 =

0 1

0 1

M3 =

1 0

1

M4 =

0

3

2

1

M5 =

1

2

Copy and complete the following table matching matrices and transformations:

Matrix

M1

M2

M3

M4

Transformation

M5

[5 marks]

x 0 1 x c

V : a

+

y 1 0 y d

Find c and d.

[4 marks]

8805-7302

Turn over

16

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

(Question 8 continued)

(iv) The rectangle KLMN is the image of the square KLMN under the

transformation T. The vertices of the square are K (1, 1) , L (1, 1) , M (1, 1)

and N (1, 1). The vertices of the rectangle are K (10 , 5) , L (2 , 11) ,

M(10 , 5) and N (2 , 11) .

The transformation is represented in the diagram below.

(a)

[4 marks]

one other elementary transformation.

(b)

[2 marks]

8805-7302

17

N05/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ0/XX

6 4

It is given that T =

.

8 q

(c)

(i)

(ii)

[3 marks]

2 0

The transformation T consists of the stretch P =

followed by the

0 1

5 0

reflection R, followed by the enlargement Q =

.

0 5

(d)

8805-7302

(i)

(ii)

[5 marks]

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