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The circulatory system

Blood sangre
Veinsvenas
Plasmaplasma
Capillariescapilares
Red blood cells.glbulos rojos
heart corazn
White blood cellsglobulos
pumpbombear
blancos
chambercmara
Diseasesenfermedades
Atria aurculas
infecciosas
right derecha
Plateletsplaquetas
leftizquierda
Bleeding..sangrado
go intoentrar
Blood vessels vasos sanguneos
Ventricles ventrculos
Arteriesarterias
go outsalir
The circulatory system consists of:
Blood (liquid substance in all the body cells). Is is made up of:
o Plasma. It transports nutrients and waste.
o Red blood cells. They transport oxygen.
o White blood cells. They protect the body from diseases.
o Platelets. They stop bleeding.
Blood vessels transports blood. They are:
o Arteries. From the heart to all body tissues.
o Veins. From all body tissues to the heart.
o Capillaries. They are very thin so that nutrients, oxygen pass
into the blood.
The heart is a muscle. It pumps blood around the body. It has four
chambers:
o Atria (right and left). Blood goes into the heart.
o Ventricles (right and left). Blood goes out of the heart.

CIRCULATION
NEW WORDS
through a travs de
towardshacia
separate separado
releasedejar
pulmonary circuit circuito
obtainobtener
pulmonar
enterentrar
systemic circuitcircuito sistmico
pass intoentrar
performs realiza
returnvolver
carries lleva
leavedejar, abandonar
come backvolver
reachalcanzar
highalto
eachcada
Circulation is the movement of blood through the circulatory system.
Blood transports nutrients and oxygen, carbon dioxide and waste.
Blood moves through two separate circuits: pulmonary circuit and
systemic circuit.
Pulmonary circulation
Through the pulmonary circuit, blood performs the gas exchange in the
lungs.

Systemic circulation
Through the systemic circuit, blood carries nutrients and oxygen to all
body cells, and come back to the heart carrying carbon dioxide and
waste.

NEW WORDS
expel expulsar
urineorina
filter filtrar
again otra vez
into en. Dentro de
through a travs de
ureters urteres
bladdervejiga

EXCRETION
urethrauretra
storedalmacenado
coiled en espiral
skin piel
pore poro
surfacesuperficie
Sweat sudor
cool fresco
keepmantener

Excretion is the elimination of waste products, that our body produces


and pass into the blood.
Excretion takes place in the excretory system, the respiratory system
and the sweat glands.
The excretory system
It produces and expels urine. This is the process: blood enters the kidneys;
the kidneys filter the blood, transforming waste products into urine and
absorbing nutrients and water again into the blood; urine goes through the
ureters from the kidneys to the bladder, where it is stored. The urine
leaves the body through the urethra.
Sweat glands
They are coiled tubes under the skin connected to a pore in the surface.
Sweat is formed in the sweat glands. Sweat consists of water, mineral salts
and waste. It goes out of the skin through pores, to keep our body cool and
to eliminate waste.
Excretion and health
We must drink 1.5 litres of water a day because we constantly eliminate
liquids through urine and sweat.
We must have a shower every day to keep our skin clean. It is very
important for a healthy excretory system.