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Wett Controt School' IDT-ONGC

point' the gas will suddenly

location where hydrostatic

start coming out of

unloading

detect the

pressure falls below

lll!',oo't

in

frow. This may result in quick

sorution causing a rapid

"ruring'-

increase

large pit

gains' Therefore' it is essential to

ouuote reaches the surface'

the annulus thereby

kicks when they occur "ni

no[*h"'i tt''"

2.S.6.lCloselnProceduresWhileDriltingwithoitBaseMud

Subsequent

decrease in

indication such ,t iiirr break, increase

to a kick

pump pressure and increase in strokes

iitto* check is ir,

oncrusive.

"r['n

mean that

in return flow' pit gain or

etc'' consideration may be given to

indication of frow does

Because, no

crosing the we*
:

not necessarily

that after the

iherefore' it is recommended

a kick t',ut noi taken place'

shut-in pressures are recorded a

at a selected slow circulation rate

wett-ha, ou"n closed a no appreciaue

a tutiy ;p;; choke

bottom's up circulati*-tf ,iougfr

may be carried out.

Precautions While Drilling With Oil Base Mud

r

r

.

n

Gas sensors must be installed'

Any changes in background

gas or connection gas

as oil, oil base mud

should be critically analysed'

or diesel oil be transferred directly

are in progress'

At no time, anything

from or to tne

such

atiive"pits rryhile drilling operations

should be extended to 15-30 minutes'

Flow checks, subsequent to a xick iidication,

Precautions While Tripping

circulation *h"n back on-botiom,

he oottoms up circufriing

2.8.6.2

While

if flow rate or pit gain indicate.a kick' consider

.

.

il''1-ough the

it could indicate trip gas

required kit .mud using the ordinary

chokJas

completing

rather

than an on bottom infrux, uno

iii.urai'ron of

wellcontrolformulaeatthetimecouldresultinexcessiveformationoverbalance.

*,, I.;

$-i+':,

\r '

'.i;-a.:.

i'.

#f,'

\-r. i:'.::i.'

A-:;- .:-

:::,.":, '.

*:

cC'::.

,'::.

:'a

'

\;/'- ::

Pl -:

v-

'

'':,.

ji::. :-'

I

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i,','

,?r

ta

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v-; :::

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2.8.7 Closed-in Condition Circulation

As gas influx is circutated up

decreasing nvor*tuctreao

of the influx reduces due to

the annulus, the pressure

of nuiJau;;" it. since

bottom hole pressure is maintained

constant,surfacepressureontheannulussideincreasestocompensateforthislossof

Thi,

surface

mud hydrostatic.

tfre gop equipment,

in.ruase

in

casing

the casing and casing shoe'

pressure

causes

additional

strain

on

shoe reacheswhen top

is because

of the influx is at the shoe

The

maximum pressure at the casing

once the influx is past the

becomes constant provided bottom hole

and not when the influx is at the

shoe, hydrostatic pressure

ri,Jr"". This

below the influx

iherefore closed-in well circulation leads to :

pressure i, .on.irnt.

a)

bi

c)

Decrease in Gas influx pressure'

Increase in pressurg alor1e th,e

pressure at any point below

influx' iniiu* will initially

t["

thereaftL|. it J".'uu'*' &

entering the annulus,

mud reaches that Point' d) lncrease in surface casing pressure'

51

remain constant till kill mud starts

again becomes constant once kill