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Guide to the Wiring Regulations

Appendix 3 Limiting earth fault loop impedance tables


from BS 7671: 2008

Table 41.2 Maximum earth fault loop impedance (Zs) for fuses, for 0.4 s disconnection time with U0 of
230 V (see Regulation 411.4.6).
(a) General purpose (gG) fuses to BS 882.2 and BS 886
Rating (A)

10

16

20

25

32

Zs ()

8.52

5.11

2.70

1.77

1.44

1.04

(b) Fuses to BS 1361


Rating (A)

15

20

30

Zs ()

10.45

3.28

1.70

1.15

(c) Fuses to BS 3036

(d) Fuses to BS 1362

Rating (A)

15

20

30

Rating (A)

13

Zs ()

9.58

2.55

1.77

1.09

Zs ()

16.4

2.42

NOTE: The circuit loop impedances given in the table should not be exceeded when the conductors are at their normal
operating temperature. If the conductors are at a different temperature when tested, the reading should be
adjusted accordingly.

Table 41.3 Maximum earth fault loop impedance (Zs) for circuit breakers with U0 of 230 V, for
instantaneous operation giving compliance with the 0.4 s disconnection time of Regulation 411.3.2.2 and
5 s disconnection time of Regulation 411.3.2.3.
(a) Type B circuit breakers to BS EN 60898 and the overcurrent characteristics of RCBOs to BS EN 61009
Rating
(A)

Zs ()

10

7.67
15.33

16

20

2.87
4.60

25

32

1.84
2.30

40

50

1.15
1.44

63

80

0.73
0.92

100

125

0.46
0.57

In
46/In

0.37

(b) Type C circuit breakers to BS EN 60898 and the overcurrent characteristics of RCBOs to BS EN 61009
Rating
(A)

Zs ()

3.83

10

16

20

1.44
2.30

25

32

0.92
1.15

40

50

0.57
0.72

63

80

0.36
0.46

100

125

0.23
0.29

In
23/In

0.18

(c) Type D circuit breakers to BS EN 60898 and the overcurrent characteristics of RCBOs to BS EN 61009
Rating
(A)

Zs ()

1.92

10

16

20

0.72
1.15

25

32

0.46
0.57

40

50

0.29
0.36

63

80

0.18
0.23

100

125

0.11
0.14

In
11.5/In

0.09

NOTE: The circuit loop impedances given in the table should not be exceeded when the conductors are at their normal
operating temperature. If the conductors are at a different temperature when tested, the reading should be
adjusted accordingly.
Guide to the Wiring Regulations: 17th Edition IEE Wiring Regulations (BS 7671: 2008)
2008 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. ISBN: 978-0-470-51685-0

270

Darrell Locke

Appendices

Table 41.4 Maximum earth fault loop impedance (Zs) for fuses, for 5 s disconnection time with U0 of 230
V (see Regulation 411.4.8).
(a) General purpose (gG) fuses to BS 882.2 and BS 886
Rating (A)

10

16

20

25

32

40

50

Zs ()

13.5

7.42

4.18

2.91

2.30

1.84

1.35

1.04

Rating (A)

63

80

100

125

160

200

Zs ()

0.82

0.57

0.42

0.33

0.25

0.19

(b) Fuses to BS 1361


Rating (A)

15

20

30

45

60

80

100

Zs ()

16.4

5.00

2.80

1.84

0.96

0.70

0.50

0.36

(c) Fuses to BS 3036


Rating (A)

15

20

30

45

60

100

Zs ()

17.7

5.35

3.83

2.64

1.59

1.12

0.53

(d) Fuses to BS 1362


Rating (A)

13

Zs ()

23.2

3.83

NOTE: The circuit loop impedances given in the table should not be exceeded when the conductors are at their normal
operating temperature. If the conductors are at a different temperature when tested, the reading should be
adjusted accordingly.

271