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1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Generative Part Structural


Analysis

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

Tutorial Objectives
Description
? This Tutorial is an introduction to Generative Part Structural Analysis.

Message
? To show how Stress Analysis is easy to use - even for the non-analyst
? To show how CATIA V5 gives accurate results
? To show CATIA V5s associativity features

Duration
? 45 minutes

Product Coverage

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

? Assembly Design, Part Design, Generative Part Structural Analysis

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

Page 2

Tutorial Major Steps


Here are the major steps of the tutorial:

Step 1
? Show the supporting geometry

Step 2
? Prepare the part for analysis

Step 3
? Assign boundary conditions ( Loads and Restraints)

Step 4
? Solve the problem

Step 5
? Visualise the results

Step 6
? Analyse the results

Step 7
? Change the design and resolve
1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Step 8
? Reanalyse the results

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Settings 1/2
Depending on your needs, you may have to modify the CATIA V5 settings (units, default
directory, visualisation parameters, etc)
In order to use the appropriate settings for this tutorial, you have two possibilities:

1. Do the following operations (simplest one):

? Do not forget to put this folder (CATSettings) in read mode:


? Select the folder (CATSettings)
? Click mouse button 3 then click on Properties and
uncheck the Read-only Attribute
? Select all the files in the folder
? Click mouse button 3 then click on Properties and uncheck the Read-only
Attribute

2. Set them manually:


? Launch your CATIA V5 session and do the operations from page 23 onwards
IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

Page 4

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?BEFORE STARTING YOUR CATIA V5 SESSION:


? Copy or replace the directory ..\Generative Part Structural Analysis\Data\CATSettings in:
For NT users
C:\Winnt\Profiles\XXXXX\Application Data\DassaultSystemes
For Windows 2000
C:\Documents and settings\Profiles\XXXXX\Application Data\DassaultSystemes
or XP users
For Windows
C:\Windows\Profiles\XXXXX\Application Data\DassaultSystemes
98 users
XXXX is the name used to log on to your computer

Settings 2/2
For this tutorial you also need to install a material catalogue:
? Do not do this step if you have already done it in getting started or in a previous tutorial
? Copy the ..\Getting Started\Catalog.CATMaterial file under ..\Program
Files\Dassault Systemes\M07\intel_a\startup\materials\French directory
? Copy the ..\Getting Started\Catalog.CATMaterial file under ..\Program
Files\Dassault Systemes\M07\intel_a\startup\materials\German directory
? Copy the ..\Getting Started\Catalog.CATMaterial file under ..\Program
Files\Dassault Systemes\M07\intel_a\startup\materials\Japanese directory

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

? Copy the ..\Getting Started\Catalog.CATMaterial file under ..\Program


Files\Dassault Systemes\M07\intel_a\startup\materials directory
? Answer Yes in order to replace the old catalogue

You are now ready to launch your CATIA V5 session


IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

Page 5

Step 1: Show the Supporting Geometry


Loading the Product
? Opening the assembly
?Go to File and Open the Drill_
Press.CATProduct file in the
..\Generative Part Structural Analysis\
Data directory
?Check you are in the Assembly
Design workbench
? If not, select the Product Name in
the Specification tree, then select Start
+ Assembly Design

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?Select Manipulation icon


?Select Y Translation in
Manipulation Parameters window
?Check the With respect to
constraints option box

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Step 1: Show the Supporting Assembly


?In the 3D view, drag the sliding
jaw part along the Y axis (as shown
by the yellow arrow) and then drag it
back to the original position. This
shows the assembly mechanism is
properly constrained
?Click OK to close the Manipulation
window

?Click on the Update icon if


necessary

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

? You should not have to do this if


you are in Automatic Update

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

Page 7

Step 1: Show the Supporting Assembly


?Expand the screw part in the
structure tree by clicking on the +
symbol
?Click MB3 on Steel. Then select
Properties to show the material
properties
?Select Analysis folder to see the
Structural Properties of the chosen
material

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?Click OK to close the Properties


window

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

Page 8

Step 2: Prepare the part for Analysis


? From this assembly you will open the
part and analyse its deformations. In this
CATIA demonstration mode you cannot
Study the Stress Analysis on a full
assembly because this product is not
installed. If you are interested in an
assembly evaluation, please contact your
Business Partner
?In the Menu bar, select Edit +
Links to look at the different parts
included in that assembly
?Select Pointed documents panel

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?Select the ..\Generative Part


Structural
Analysis\Data\Screw.CATPart line
?Click on the Open button
? The screw will be opened in a new
window

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

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Step 2: Prepare the part for Analysis

? You will simplify the part by deactivating


a redundant pattern at the end of the
screw. (It will not affect the analysis
results.) This operation will save
computation time.
?Click MB3 on CircPattern.1 in the
Specification tree then select
CircPattern.1 object + Deactivate

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?Repeat the operation for


CircPattern.2

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Page 10

Step 2: Prepare the part for Analysis


? Now that you have prepared the part to
analyse, you will enter the appropriate
workbench
?From the Menu bar, select Start +
Analysis & Simulation + Generative
Structural Analysis

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?In the New Analysis Case window,


select Static Analysis then OK to
validate
? A new window is opened with the
screw in the Analysis environment

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

Page 11

Step 3: Assign Boundary Conditions


Setting the Boundary Conditions
? Before computing, you need to indicate
the Boundary conditions
?Select Clamp icon from workbench

?Select one of the internal faces of


the screw thread (Choose one of the
screw ends)

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?Select OK to confirm

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

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Step 3: Assign Boundary Conditions

?Select Force Icon from workbench


?Select the end face of the screw
?Click in the X field and key in 950
lbf
?Key-in 50 lbf in the Y field
? The Norm value is automatically
updated

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?Select OK to confirm

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Page 13

Step 4: Solve the problem

Computing the load problem


? Setting the Temporary file calculation
?Click on the Elfini Storage Location icon
?Define the corresponding directory E:\Temp
using Modify
? The results will be stored on your hard disk.
You should not need more than 50MB. To
delete the results files, you can either manually
delete them in Windows or click on the Clear
button

?Select the Compute icon


?Check the Preview option

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?Click on the OK button to launch the


calculation
?After a few seconds, CATIA will come back
with an estimated time for computation of this
problem.
?Click Yes to continue
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Page 14

Step 5: Visualise the Results


? After computation, the results can be
visualised

? The Von Mises icon is available


when the computation is finished

?Click on the black arrow of the


visualisation mode and select the
Applies customized view parameters
icon

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?Check the Materials option


?Click OK to validate

?Click on the Von Mises icon


? Now you can see the Von Mises
stress distribution on the deformed
mesh model

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Step 5: Visualise the Results


?Visualising the Von Mises image
? To improve your view, hide Properties
and Nodes and Elements using
hide/show in their contextual menu

? Multi-select both Nodes and


Elements and Properties in the
specification tree by holding down the
CTRL key
? Click MB3 on Properties + Hide/Show

?Move mouse cursor over finite elements


to visualise Von Mises values at each
node

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?You can modify the result display


? Double-click on the palette
? Enter 20 instead of 10
? Click OK to close the panel

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Page 16

Step 6: Analyse the Results


? Displaying the cutting plane to see the

inside part values


?Select the Cut Plane icon
?Select the view under the isometric
predefined view
? Clicking and moving the rotation axis as
shown by the yellow arrow
?To translate the cutting plane, click
MB1 on the arc and drag it in the
direction of the yellow arrow
?Uncheck the Show Cutting Plane
option

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?Move mouse cursor over finite


elements to visualise Von Mises
values on each node.

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Step 6: Analyse the Results

?Visualising Von Mises Extrema


? Click on the Search Image Extrema
icon
? Click OK to validate

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

? The minimum and maximum Von Mises


values are displayed directly on the
deformed shape
? You can check that the maximum Von
Mises value is lower than the Steel yield
strength

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

Page 18

Step 6: Analyse the Results


?To get a better idea of the Von Mises
results and deformation, you can animate
this image with a maximum deformation
scale factor
? Select Deformation Scale Factor icon
? Increase it to the maximum by
dragging the cursor to the end
? Select Animate icon
? Click CLOSE to finish the review

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?Deformed mesh image


? Select the Deformation icon

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

Page 19

Step 7: Change the Design and Resolve

? From the analysed results, youll find


that the stress is higher than the yield
strength of steel. To correct this, you
need to modify the part

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?Double click part screw on the


structure tree to activate the design
workbench
?Double click sketch.3 of shaft.1
and change the overall length
value from 6.375 to 9 inches.

?Exit and update if you are not in


Automatic Update mode

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

Page 20

Step 8: Reanalyse the results

? You only need to launch a new


computation: all FEM specifications are
associative with geometry
?Double click on Finite Element
Model in the specification tree
?Click on the Compute icon to
rerun the compute without preview

?Check the Von Mises stresses


by clicking again on the Von Mises
icon

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

? You can check that the


Maximum Von Mises stress is now
less than the yield strength of steel

Page 21

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Manual Settings

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

Setting the environment

Setting the environment


? For this exercise you will need to change some
Options
?In the Menu bar, select Tools + Options

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

? Under General+Parameters, in the Options Popup window, select Units tab


?Select the Length line and with the scroll
down menu, choose the Inch(in) unit
?On the Force line, select the Pound Force
(lbf) unit
?Finally on the Pressure line select the Lb.
force per square inch (psi) unit
?Click OK to confirm the settings

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1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES


1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Congratulations

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