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HomeExamInformationIELTSSpeakingtipsFluencyandCoherence

IELTSSpeakingtips
FluencyandCoherence
PostedonAugust6,2012byPearl2Comments

Oneofthe4criteria
theIELTSSpeaking
moduleisassessed
onisfluencyand
coherence.What
doesthismean?
Fluencyisthe
abilitytomaintaina
flowoflanguage
withoutunnatural
hesitation.
Coherenceisthelogicalorganization,developmentand
connectionofideas 1 .
Doyouexpressideasandopinionsclearlyandcoherently
(logicallyorderedandeasytofollow),withoutlongpausesor
hesitations?
Doyouusediscoursemarkersappropriatelyandnaturally
(i.e.youdontoverusethesamefewones)tolinkyourideas?
Doyoustayontopic,developyourideasbutnotgoin
circles(repeatingyourself)orgooffonatangent(movingoff
thetopic)?
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Unfortunately,thereisnoquickfixforthis.Fluencycomesfromalotof
practicespeaking,sothebestwaytoimproveistospeak/engagein
conversationasoftenasyoucan!Butyoucanreallythinkaboutyour
strategyforcoherenceandpractice.Whenansweringaquestion
rememberto:
Expandonyouranswer.Thinkoflogicaldetailsthatthe
examinerwouldwanttoknowabout.Ifsomeoneelsewere
talkingtoyou,youwouldnaturallyhavequestionstofindout
more.Whatarethosequestions?Who?What?Where?When?
Why?How?Howmuch?Howoften?Howgood?Howdidyou

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feel?Expandonyouranswerbyaddingthosedetailsthatmake
itinteresting.
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essaywriting!
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Whereappropriate,explainhowyoufeelaboutsomethingit
givesemphasistoyourreasonsanddetails
Whereappropriate,describeaperson,thingorplace
Thinkofalogicalorderorsequence.Dontjumparoundfrom
oneparttoanother.Theexaminerdoesntknowwhatyoure
thinkinginyourhead,soyoushouldtrytomakeyouranswer
easytofollow.
Usecommonconversationaldiscoursemarkerstosignal
howyoursentencesandideasarelinkedtogether.Hereare
someexamples:
well,thishasalotofdifferentuses,butmostlyatthebeginningof
speakinginresponsetotheotherspeaker
ex.Well,IwouldsaymyfavoritetripwastheoneItookwithmy
familytothePhilippinesforthefirsttime.
actuallyusedtostateafactorreality,orforstatingacorrection,or
sometimestosignalthatwhatyouregoingtosaymaybeunexpected
ex.Actually,Ithinkitwasthefirsttimeformyparentstogoback
totheirhomecountryinabout20years.
asforusedinthesamesenseasregardingorinregardtowhich
canbemoreformal
ex.Asforthefood,Ifoundtheittobereallyfreshandlight.

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basicallywhenyouwanttosimplifyorsummarizeacomplicatedor
lengthystory/idea
ex.Basically,weweretheretovisitrelativesmyparentshadnt
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IELTSSpeakingtipsFluencyandCoherence|YourIELTSTutor

seensincetheywereyoungandformetogettoknowmy
parentshomecountry.
Imeanusedtoclarifywhatwasjustsaidorsayitindifferentwords
ex.ItwasntatallwhatIexpected.Imean,IthoughtIknewalot
aboutthecultureandthefood,butitwassodifferentbeingthere.
ontheotherhandusedtointroduceadifferentvieworalternative
opinion
ex.Thebigcrowdsonthestreetsmadeitreallydifficulttowalk
around.Ontheotherhand,itmadeitexcitingtobesurroundedby
somanypeople.
anywaytomoveontoanotherpointorclosetheconversation
asIwassayingtobringthetopicbacktotheoriginalpoint
thethingistoraiseanimportantpoint
ex.Thethingis,Ithinkthetripwasjustasmemorableformy
parentsasitwasforme.Theyweresoproudtoshowofftheir
hometown.
atthesametimeusedtocontrastwhatwaspreviouslysaid
ex.ItwasfunenjoyingsummerweatherduringChristmas.Atthe
sametime,itdidntreallyfeellikeChristmastome.
Formoreexamples,seethischartoftransitionaldevices.
HereisthepublicversionoftheIELTSSpeakingbanddescriptors
fromielts.org.

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AboutPearl
I'manEnglishteacherspecializinginIELTS
preparationespeciallywritingandreading.Ifyou
haveanyquestions,pleaseask!Youcanalsosign
upforweeklytipsandlessonsforIELTSandEnglish!

HowtowriteintroductionsquicklyforIELTSTask2essay
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4ParagraphStructurefortheIELTSWritingTask2Essay
PostedinExamInformation,IELTSSpeaking,Resources,UncategorizedTagged
with:IELTSspeaking

2commentsonIELTSSpeakingtipsFluencyandCoherence

AmitKumarsays:
June19,2014at8:49pm

Pleasecorrectthefollowingcommnet.
ex.Asforthefood,Ifoundtheittobereallyfreshandlight.
to
ex.Asforthefood,Ifoundittobereallyfreshandlight.
Reply

Pearlsays:
June21,2014at4:43pm

HiAmit,
Youwouldsay:Asforthefood,Ifoundittobereallyfreshand
light.Thereisnothebeforeit.
Ifyouweretalkingaboutaspecificfoodthatwaspartofyour
meal,thenyouwouldsay:Asforthefood,Ifoundthesauceto
bereallyfreshandlight.Here,youkeeptheasitis
specifyingthesauceinyourmeal.Hopethathelps.
Thanksforyourquestion.Goodluckinyourstudies.
Reply

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