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Introduction to the

VoLTE Solution
www.huawei.com

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Reference


VoLTE Product Documentation

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page1

Objectives


Upon completion of this course, you will be able to


understand:


VoLTE solution basic concepts

VoLTE solution architecture

VoLTE evolution trend

Huawei VoLTE solution products and deployment principles

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page2

Contents
1. VoLTE Solution Basic Concepts
2. VoLTE Network Evolution
3. Huawei VoLTE Solution Architecture
4. Huawei VoLTE Solution Products

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page3

Contents
1. VoLTE Solution Basic Concepts
1.1 Commercial LTE Voice Solutions
1.2 Advantages of VoLTE
1.3 Key Technologies Involved in VoLTE

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page4

Commercial LTE Voice Solutions

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page5

CSFB Definition


The circuit switched fallback (CSFB) service enables calls to fall back to the CS
domain. The LTE network provides only data services. When a voice call is
initiated or answered, it falls back to the CS domain for processing. Therefore,
carriers only need to upgrade the MSC server without deploying the IMS network.


Advantage: Voice services can be provided quickly with little change on the live
network.

Disadvantage: When subscribers use voice services, data services carried on


the LTE network are interrupted, handed over, or suspended, and voice calls
are connected slowly. This affects user experience.

Application scenario:


CSFB is a transition solution before the IMS network deployment.

If the IMS network is not deployed on the visited network, CSFB can provide
voice services for roaming LTE subscribers.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page6

CSFB Definition (Cont.)




MSC server

MME
SGs

CS
3

EPC
1

2G/3G

Originating side


The MSC server sends a paging request to


the MME over the SGs interface.

The MME forwards the paging request


instructing the UE to fall back to the 2G or
3G network.

The UE falls back to the 2G or 3G network.

The UE sends a paging response to the


MSC server and answers the call based on
the normal terminating flow.

LTE

Fallback


Terminating side

MSC server

MME

CS

EPC

SGs

The UE sends a voice call request to the


MME. The MME then instructs the UE to

fall back to the 2G or 3G network.





The UE falls back to the 2G or 3G network.


The UE initiates a call based on the normal

2G/3G

Fallback

originating flow on the 2G or 3G network.


Page7

LTE

SVLTE Definition


In the simultaneous voice and LTE (SVLTE) solution, dual-mode mobile phones
work on the LTE network and the CS network simultaneously. The LTE network
provides data services, while the CS network provides voice services.

Advantage: SVLTE is a solution for mobile phones without requirements for the
network.

Disadvantage: The cost and power consumption of dual-mode mobile phones are
high.
MSC server

CS

MME

EPC

Voice service

Data service
LTE

2G/3G

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page8

OTT Definition


Over-the-top (OTT) is a solution that uses APPs, such as the Skype, to


provide voice services for LTE subscribers.

Advantage:


Only the OTT server needs to be deployed to the live network and slight change is
required. The OTT can enhance user experience by offering rich multimedia
services.

Disadvantages:


The OTT solution is not carrier-class-based and has low reliability.

The OTT solution cannot provide E2E QoS guarantee.

The OTT solution is hard to provide common services, such as emergency calls
and interception, and services that are used only by regulatory bodies.

Roaming and interconnection are hard to be implemented due to lack of standards.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page9

Contents
1. VoLTE Solution Basic Concepts
1.1 Commercial LTE Voice Solutions
1.2 Advantages of VoLTE
1.3 Key Technologies Involved in VoLTE

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page10

VoLTE Definition
Voice over long term evolution (VoLTE) is an IMS-based voice solution defined
by 3GPP. By deploying the IMS network, operators not only migrate traditional
voice and short message services on live networks but also integrate voice
services with various enhanced functions to diversify services.

VoLTE advantages


The VoLTE solution inherits all services provided by the CS network, including common
services, such as emergency calls and interception, and services that are used only by
regulatory bodies.

The VoLTE solution can implement E2E QoS control and guarantee voice call quality.

In the VoLTE solution, voice services are carried on IP networks. Therefore, subscribers can
enjoy richer multimedia services through the IMS network, compete with OTT.

Subscriber identities (such as the MSISDN) are reserved, which maximizes carriers' resource
usage and facilitates service profit gain.

The IMS architecture, supported by mature 3GPP standards and specifications, is considered
to be the next generation core network by the communications industry. The IMS architecture
ensures roaming services and network interworking.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page11

Advantage of VoLTE Better and Faster


Better
communication
quality


Faster
connection rate

Richer
services

Higher
spectral
efficiency

VoLTE can significantly reduce the call establish delay, provide highdefinition audio and video calls, greatly enhance the user experience

Fast connection:


CS call establish duration is around 4-5s


VoLTE is 0.8 -1.5s.

HD video:


VoLTE typical video definition is 480*640


VGA, HD 720P and full HD 1080P is
possibleH.264/H.265

3G typical video definition is 176*144


QCIF

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

SD and HD video
size compare

Advantage of VoLTE -- HD Voice Quality


Common ear listening range (CD/MP3 range)

HD voice (AMR-WB)

20 50 80
Hz Hz Hz

HD voice:

300
CS
Hz AMR-NB)

3400
Hz

The frequency range of human speech

7000
Hz

Audio
range
12k Hz

20k Hz

(Twice frequency range the AMR-NB)

VoCS voice: AMR-NB 300~3400 Hz, sampling frequency 8kHz, 12.2Kbps


VoLTE HD voice: AMR-WB (G.722.2 ) : 50~7000 Hz, same as the G.711 in PSTN,
sampling frequency 16kHz, 23.85Kbps.
CD music: 20~20K Hz, sampling frequency 44.1K.
Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Advantage of VoLTE -- QoS


Best effort for OTT services

LTE

Dedicate bearer for VoLTE


QCI Resource

Pri.

Delay

Error rate

service

GBR

150ms

10-6

VoLTE video

Non-GBR

300ms

10-3

OTT video

QCI: QoS class identifier GBR: guaranteed bit rate


Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Comparison Among CSFB, SVLTE, VoLTE and


OTT
Advantage

Disadvantage

Deployment
Suggestion

Rich multimedia
services.
HD voice/video.
E2E QoS

The IMS network


needs to be deployed.

Large-scale LTE
coverage

Voice services are


implemented by APPs
of OTT carriers.

Slight change is
required on live
networks.

Voice calls are not


reliable.
Roaming and
interworking are hard
to be implemented.

UEs attach to the LTE


network. When a UE
initiates or receives a
call, the UE falls back to
the CS network.
Terminals attach to both
the CS and LTE
networks. The CS
network provides voice
services.

Slight change is
required on live
networks.
New NEs do not need
to be deployed.

The call delay is long.


User experience is
affected.

Initial phase of
the LTE network
(transition
solution)

The live network does


not need to be adjusted.

Costs of mobile
phones are high.
Advantages of the
LTE network cannot
be used.

Initial phase of
the LTE network
(transition
solution)

Solution Feature

VoLTE

OTT

CSFB

SVLTE

The IMS and LTE


networks provide voice
services. The handover
between the LTE
network and 2G/3G
network is supported.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page15

Contents
1. VoLTE Solution Basic Concepts
1.1 Commercial LTE Voice Solutions
1.2 Advantages of VoLTE
1.3 Key Technologies Involved in VoLTE

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page16

Key Technologies Involved in VoLTE




Voice based on IMS




VoLTE voice services are IMS-based.

SRVCC/eSRVCC


If VoLTE voice services need to be handed over the GSM or


RAN network, SRVCC or eSRVCC is used.

ICS for VoLTE




To ensure that subscribers have consistent user experiences


on the LTE and CS networks, ICS is used.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page17

IMS-based Voice Services

A default bearer is set up for IMS signaling streams when the UE attaches to the network.


After the UE initiates a call, SIP signaling streams for call connection is transmitted over the
default bearer through the P-GW to the IMS Core.

A dedicated bearer for IMS voice media streams is set up during call connection.


Voice media streams of the calling and called parties are transmitted over the dedicated bearer.

The PCRF assigns and delivers QoS rules for signaling and media streams during the setup of
default and dedicated bearers. This ensures quality of signaling and media streams.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page18

SRVCC Definition


Single radio voice call continuity (SRVCC) is an IMS-based VoLTE.

VCC describes how a voice call can be continued when a UE moves


between the target CS domain and the LTE domain supporting VoIP
services.

SRVCC describes how a voice call can be continued when a Single


Radio UE moves between LTE/Pre-LTE and 2G/3G networks, that is,
when a Single Radio UE switches an call session between IMS/LTE and
CS.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page19

SRVCC Definition (Cont.)




Calls are set up in the LTE over VoIP / VoIMS.

When a subscriber moves to an area uncovered by the LTE network while holding
a call, the call is switched to the CS domain. SRVCC interprets a switchover
process.

SRVCC solution: The media


handover point is a peer
device. Such as a peer UE.

E2E signaling and bearer are


re-established.

The IMS network sends the


updated media information to
the remote network, and a
session is interrupted around
1s.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page20

eSRVCC Definition


Target: The handover delay is less than 300 ms

Policy: The remote session update process is optimized. The media handover
point is near to the local side.

Method: Media and signaling


planes are anchored at the
ATCF or ATGW to avoid the
IMS session transfer process.
When an eSRVCC handover is
performed, only the bearer
between the UE and the
ATGW needs to be set up.

The original bearer is reused to


transmit media streams
between the peer device and
the ATGW.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page21

eSRVCC Vs SRVCC
before

SRVCC
E2E media re-establish

IMS/SBC

eSRVCC
Local media establish
LTE
RAN

G/U
RAN

Remote
side

>

1.5s

IMS/SBC

LTE
RAN

ATCF &
ATGW

G/U
RAN

Remote
side

0s

First eSRVCC testing (Vienna 201210)


LTE to GSM HO time ~ 230ms (Beijing 201404)

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

after

<

230ms

ICS Definition


IMS centralized services (ICS) describe how services of subscribers who


access the CS domain or IP-CAN using different terminals are managed
on the IMS network in centralized mode.

With the ICS feature, all services are centralized to IMS. Therefore,
subscribers can have consistent user experiences on the LTE and CS
networks.

By deploying an MSC server that supports the ICS feature on a network,


ICS subscribers can use services provided by IMS during the initial phase
of LTE in the following scenarios:


CS subscribers who have subscribed to the ICS feature wish to use IMS
services without changing their numbers.

VoLTE subscribers who roam to or experience an SRVCC handover to a CS


network wish to continue to use the IMS services.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page23

ICS Definition (Cont.)


ICS Architecture


The ICS solution becomes the


best choice for evolution from
the mobile softswitch to IMS.
The eMSC server functions as
a SIP UA and connects
subscribers to the IMS Core.
MSC server enhancements for
ICS, the MSC server that
supports the ICS feature, is
called mobile access gateway
control function (mAGCF). In
this document, the MSC
server enhancements for ICS
is called eMSC server.

AS

Service layer

AS

AS

Centralized service
trigger point
IMS Core

Access layer
MSC server

mAGCF

xPON
and FBB

MGW

2G/3G

CS subscriber

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

LTE

LTE subscriber

Page24

Contents
1. VoLTE Solution Basic Concepts
2. VoLTE Network Evolution
3. Huawei VoLTE Solution Architecture
4. Huawei VoLTE Solution Products

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page25

Contents
3. Huawei VoLTE Solution Architecture
3.1 VoLTE Layered Network Architecture
3.2 VoLTE Key NE Functions
3.3 VoLTE Interface and Protocol

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page26

VoLTE Network Architecture

Operation Support Layer and Service


Layer


Operation support layer

Operation support layer




Functions: This layer provides various


functions, such as network management,
subscription data storage, unified operations on
the web portal, charging, and equipment
management.

NEs: DMS, SPG, CCF, and EMS

Service layer


Service layer


Functions: This layer consists of different


application servers and resource servers to
provide services, such as instant messaging,
conferences, games, as well as service
capabilities, such as group and media resource
capabilities.

ATS
(MMtel AS/SCC AS/IPSM-GW/IM-SSF/Anchor
AS)

NEs: ATS and RCS

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page28

Core Layer


Core layer

The core layer is divided into the following


three parts:


IMS domain: NEs in the IMS domain


implement such functions for LTE subscribers
as registration, authentication, session path
control, service trigger, route selection,
resource control, inter-domain interworking, and
access resource control.

CS domain: NEs in the CS domain implement


such functions for LTE subscribers as mobility
management and voice services, including
handovers and CSFB.

SingleSDB: The SingleSDB provides the


functions of the USCDB, HLR, IMS-HSS, SAEHSS, PCRF, DNS/ENUM for centralized
storage of VoLTE subscribers' service data. The
data can be used by the CS, IMS, and EPC
domains.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page29

Access Layer


Access layer

Access layer


Functions:


The access layer controls LTE subscriber


access and provides mobility management for
LTE subscribers.

When an LTE subscriber is in the LTE


coverage, the subscriber can access an IMS
network through the EPC.

When a subscriber moves out of the LTE


coverage, the subscriber can access an IMS
network through a 2G/3G network using ICS.

If the 2G/3G network does not support ICS, a


subscriber accesses a legacy CS network.

NEs: eMSC server (mAGCF), S-GW, P-GW, and


MME

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page30

Terminal Layer


Terminal layer

Terminal layer


LTE terminals are classified into VoLTE


terminals and non-VoLTE terminals.


VoLTE terminals are those that rely on an


IMS or LTE network to use voice services.
They include Single Radio terminals, LTE
data cards, and CPEs.

Non-VoLTE terminals are those that rely on


a CS network to use voice services and that
connect to an LTE network to use data
services. They include Dual Radio and
CSFB terminals.

Types: Single Radio terminals (SRVCC


terminals), LTE data cards, CPEs, Dual Radio
terminals (SVLTE terminals), and CSFB
terminals

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page31

Contents
3. Huawei VoLTE Solution Architecture
3.1 VoLTE Layered Network Architecture
3.2 VoLTE Key NE Functions
3.3 VoLTE Interface and Protocol

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page32

NEs at the Operation Support Layer


NE Name Function

SPG

Provides a unified service provisioning interface and the web portal


and sends the service provisioning commands received from the
BSS to the HSS, ENUM, and AS.

CCF

Collects ACR messages from IMS charging NEs, such as the CSCF,
ATS, and MGCF, processes the ARC messages to generate CDRs,
and sends the CDRs to a BC specified by carriers.

EMS

Interworks with the BSS to manage NEs in a centralized manner.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page33

NEs at the Service Layer


NE Name

Function



Common
telephony
application
server
(ATS)




MMTel AS: provides basic and supplementary multimedia


telephony services.
SCC AS: interworks with the SRVCC IWF and ATCF/ATGW to
provide the eSRVCC function, and provides the T-ADS function
to select a domain for the called party.
IP-SM-GW: provides short message interworking between IMS
and CS domains.
IM-SSF: triggers IN services in the CS domain based on the
subscription information provided by the S-CSCF and the local
configuration on the IM-SSF.

Anchor AS: Routes VoLTE subscribers' calls to the IMS


domain to trigger convergent services by IN-based number
redirection of the anchor AS, when the VoLTE subscribers
originate or receive a call in the CS domain.
RCS AS

Provides the Open Mobile Alliance Instant Message (OMA IM),


Presence, XML document management server (XDMS), and data
synchronization (DS) functions to implement the IM, Presence, and
Network Address Book services.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page34

NEs at the Service Layer - ATS




The ATS provides

3GPP
MMTel
service

Mobile
special
service

Business
service

TISPAN
PSTN
service

traditional mobile services


and multimedia services.
ATS
(MMTel + SCC AS + IP-SM-GW
+ IM-SSF + anchor AS)

IMS network

MBB
Mobile
terminal

FBB
CPE

Soft
phone

PSTN
SIP
terminal

POTS


POTS

The ATS integrates the functions of the MMTel AS, IM-SSF, SCC AS, Anchor AS,
and IP-SM-GW to reduce the number of attempts to trigger iFC during calls and
realize service resources sharing.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page35

NEs at the Service Layer - SCC AS


(ATS)


The service centralization and continuity application


server (SCC AS) implements handovers in the IMS
domain and updates the media information about the
remote UE. In details, the SCC AS does the following:
 Analyzes information
required by a handover.
 Associates handover
requests and anchors
sessions.
 Implements handovers
between the LTE
network and the UMTS
network.

eMSC server
(SRVCC IWF)

CS

SCC AS
ISC

IMS Core

EPC

Media connection 1

Call signaling anchor point

LTE

Handover

Calling
connection 1

SCC AS

Calling
connection 2
GERAN
UMTS
Media connection 2

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page36

Called connection 3
Called party
access

NEs at the Service Layer - T-ADS


(SCC AS)


T-ADS


As defined in 3GPP specifications, domain selection by the network is


implemented by the terminating access domain selection (T-ADS).

The T-ADS function is integrated with the SCC AS. The SCC AS queries the
convergent HLR/HSS for the UE type and access domain information and
implements domain selection based on the carrier policies. Based on the TADS information, the SCC AS determines whether the current call is routed to
the IMS or CS network.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page37

NEs at the Service Layer - IP-SM-GW


(ATS)


The IP short message gateway (IP-SMGW) provides short message


interworking between IMS and CS
domains.
SMS-GMSC/
SMS-IWMSC

CGF/CDF

OCS
Ro
2

Rf

Translates instant messages to short messages.


Sh

E/Gd

IP-SM-GW

HSS

ISC

SMSC
3

Sends short
messages to
UEs.

SME

IMS Core
1

SIP message

UE

After the UE sends a SIP message, the IP-SM-GW converts the instant message
(SIP message) to a text message. When the UE registers with IMS, the IP-SM-GW
downloads the SMSC address to a local directory.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page38

NEs at the Service Layer - Anchor AS


(ATS)
AS

The anchor AS anchors calls from the


CS network to the IMS network as
follows:


IMS

Anchor AS
CS MSC server

Routes VoLTE subscribers' calls to


the IMS domain to trigger convergent
services by IN-based number

VoLTE subscriber

redirection of the anchor AS, when


the VoLTE subscribers originate or
receive a call in the CS domain.


IMS

Anchor AS

Routes VoLTE subscribers' calls to


the IMS domain by IN-based number

CS MSC server

redirection of the anchor AS, when

LTE

the VoLTE subscribers receive calls

VoLTE
subscriber

from CS subscribers.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page39

NEs at the Core Layer


NE Name

Function

IMS-HSS
(FE)

Controls subscriber roaming and stores the following information about a subscriber
in the IMS network: subscriber IDs, authentication data, service data, access
parameters, service trigger information, and roaming information.

SAEHSS/HLR
(FE)

Stores service-related data of subscribers, manages subscription information and


location information, and combines the following NEs:
HSS in the EPC network
HLR in CS and PS domains in the core network of the mobile telecommunication
system

USCDB
(BE)

Stores subscriber data and implements the functions of adding, deleting, updating,
and querying data at the request of the FE.

DNS/ENUM Implements functions provided by the DNS and the ENUM server.
eMSC
server
(SRVCC
IWF/CSFB
proxy)

Combines the following NEs:


SRVCC IWF: provides eSRVCC to ensure call continuity when terminals move
from an LTE network to a 2G/3G network.
CSFB proxy: moves LTE subscribers to a CS domain to provide voice services for
them.

MGCF

Realizes interworking between an IMS network and a PSTN or PLMN network.


If fixed network optimization is required or the live network provides a lot of fixed
network services, the UGC3200 is used as the MGCF. In other scenarios, the
MSOFTX3000 is used as the MGCF.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page40

NEs at the Core Layer (Cont.)


NE Name
MRFP

Function
Provides resources for announcement playing and digit collection, voice conferences,
SD video conferences.

Combines the following NEs to provide call control, service triggering, and routing
functions:
I-CSCF: As the entrance to the IMS home network, the I-CSCF assigns or queries
the HSS to select an appropriate S-CSCF to serve subscribers.
S-CSCF: The S-CSCF is located on the home network as the central IMS node. It
I-CSCF/Simplements subscription, authentication, session, routes, and service triggering.
CSCF/BGCF
BGCF: The BGCF is located on the home network to select an MGCF for calls
/MRFC
between an IMS network and a PSTN or PLMN network. It is integrated into the SCSCF to reduce the need for standalone BGCFs. Therefore, call connection delay
is shorten and the reliability is enhanced.
MRFC: The MRFC controls the MRFP to play announcements and collect digits,
and provide resources for voice conferences and SD video conferences.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page41

NEs at the Core Layer (Cont.)


NE Name

Function

PCSCF/SBC/ATC
F/ATGW

MGW/IM-MGW

P-CSCF: located on the visited network as the first contact point for
subscribers within an IMS domain. The P-CSCF forwards SIP signaling
between SIP subscribers and their home networks.
SBC: provides the core border gateway function (C-BGF) and interconnection
border gateway function (I-BGF). The C-BGF is deployed at the edge of an
access network to provide attack protection and NAT traversal. The I-BGF
provides media channels for an IMS network to interwork with other networks
that use SIP or H.323 signaling.
ATCF/ATGW: located between the P-CSCF and I-CSCF/S-CSCF and
interworks with the SCC AS to provide eSRVCC.

Provides audio media channels for interworking between an IMS network and a
PSTN or PLMN network.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page42

NEs at the Core Layer - SRVCC IWF




The SRVCC IWF ensures call continuity when terminals


move from an LTE network to a 2G/3G network. When
receiving the location update request from a UE, the
SRVCC IWF changes the UE access location from the
MME to the MSC server based on the target cell ID
contained in the location update request.
The SRVCC IWF is
collocated with an MSC
server or deployed as a
standalone entity. If the
SRVCC IWF is deployed as
a standalone entity, it
functions as a proxy of the
MSC server and performs
conversion for signaling
messages between the
MSC server, SBC, and MME.

CS

eMSC server
(SRVCC IWF)

MSC

SCC AS

IMS Core

EPC

Sv

Selects target MSC

MSC
MSC

SRVCC IWF

MSC

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

MME
1

Page43

UE

Handover request

NEs at the Core Layer - ATCF/ATGW




The ATCF/ATGW is located between the P-CSCF and I-CSCF/S-CSCF


and interworks with the SCC AS to provide eSRVCC.


During a call, the ATCF or ATGW determines whether to anchor a call on the
media plane based on carriers' policies and terminal capabilities.

During an eSRVCC handover, the ATCF or ATGW correlates a handover


request initiated by the SRVCC IWF with the anchored session, updates
session bearer information, and initiates a handover request to the SCC AS.
2G/3G

CS

SRVCC
IWF

IMS Core

SCC AS

Remote UE

Handover
ATCF

LTE

PS

ATGW

Local handover duration: < 300 ms


Signaling before a
handover

Bearer before a
handover

SBC
Change is not required.

Signaling after
a handover

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Bearer after a
handover

Page44

NEs at the Access Layer


NE Name

Function

eMSC server
(mAGCF)

Helps ICS subscribers in a CS domain to register with an IMS domain


and provides basic and supplementary services for them.

S-GW/P-GW

S-GW in an EPC domain: serves as an anchor point for the user


plane between access networks in 3GPP. The S-GW is used as an
interface to screen different access networks in 3GPP.
P-GW in an EPC domain: serves as an anchor point between a
3GPP access network and non-3GPP access network. It provides
an interface for interworking between a 3GPP access network and
external PDN.

MME

Implements mobility management for LTE subscribers, including


subscriber context and mobility status management, and temporary
identity distribution.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page45

Contents
3. Huawei VoLTE Solution Architecture
3.1 VoLTE Layered Network Architecture
3.2 VoLTE NE Functions
3.3 VoLTE Interface and Protocol

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page46

Interfaces in the IMS and CS domains


and Interworking

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page47

Interfaces for Accessing

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page48

Contents
1. VoLTE Solution Basic Concepts
2. VoLTE Network Evolution
3. Huawei VoLTE Solution Architecture
4. Huawei VoLTE Solution Products

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page49

Huawei VoLTE Solution


O&M

Application server

Legacy service
ATS
(MMTel AS/SCC AS/IP-SM-GW/Anchor AS/IM
SSF)
ATS9900
IMS Core

Presence/IM/DS/XDMS
RCS9880
EMS
iManager
M2000
Provisioning
GW
SPG2800

Convergent SDB

HLR/IMS-HSS/SAE-HSS
/ENUM /DNS

MRFP
MRP6600

DMS
TMS9950

eMSC server
(SRVCC-IWF/CSFB proxy)
MSOFTX3000

Terminal

EPC
MME
USN9810

MGW
UMG8900
2G/3G

LTE handset

MGCF
MSOFTX3000
IM-MGW
UMG8900

Legacy
network

SBC
(P-CSCF/A-BCF/A-BGF/ATCF/ATGW/E-CSCF)
SE2600/SE2900

CS
CCF
iCG9815

I-CSCF/SCSCF/MRFC
CSC3300

SCP

2G/3G

LTE CPE

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

S-GW/P-GW
UGW9811
LTE

PCRF
UPCC
LTE

LTE data card + software client

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High Integration

SE2600/SE2900

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page51

Unified Hardware Platform


The IMS domain, evolved packet core (EPC) domain, CS domain, and
convergent HLR/HSS of Huawei VoLTE solution run on an ATCA-based
Open Standards Telecom Architecture (OSTA) 2.0 platform, which
improves hardware integration and simplifies network operation and
maintenance.

IMS/MSC server/SingleSDB

IMS/ATS

UMG8900

P-GW/S-GW/SBC

EMS/RCS

MSC server

IMS

SingleSDB

MME

Platform: ATCA/ATAE

Platform: UMG

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Platform: PGP
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Unified Network Management

The M2000/U2000 is deployed to manage all NEs in IMS, CS, and EPC networks in a unified
manner. The M2000/U2000 functions include monitoring alarms and collecting NE performance
data. With the M2000, operators can monitor, configure, and maintain the entire network
conveniently.
Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page53

Solution 2: The Newly Deployed Convergent HSS\HLR


Replaces the HLR on the Live Network


Solution description


The newly deployed HLR/HSS stores


data of 2G, 3G, 4G subscribers. A
subscriber from the IMS, PS, and CS
domain can access the data.
Subscriber data stored on the HLR
on the live network is migrated to the
newly deployed convergent
HLR/HSS. Huawei HLR V900R006
or later can be upgraded to the
convergent HLR/HSS.

In this solution, only SIM cards need to be changed.

The MSC and SGSN on the live


network update all routes and store
them in the convergent HLR/HSS.

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page54

Solution 3: The Newly Deployed Convergent HSS\HLR


Coexists with the HLR, and VoLTE and 2G/3G
Subscribers Use the Same Number Segments


Solution description


The newly deployed convergent HLR/HSS


manages 4G subscriber data. New VoLTE
subscribers can be defined on the
convergent HLR/HSS. Data of 2G/3G
subscribers who have subscribed to 4G
services is migrated from the HLR to the
convergent HLR/HSS. If 2G/3G subscribers
do not subscribe to 4G services, their data
is still stored in the HLR.

Routing data for IMSIs and MSISDNs are


configured on the STP and SRF. If
subscribers have subscribed to 4G services,
messages are routed to the convergent

In this solution, only SIM cards need to be changed.

HLR/HSS. If subscribers do not subscribe


to 4G services, messages are routed to the
old HLR.

Summary


This course describes:




VoLTE solution basic concepts

VoLTE network evolution

Huawei VoLTE solution architecture and NE functions

Huawei VoLTE solution products and deployment solutions

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page56

Acronyms
VoLTE
CSFB
SVLTE
OTT
CTAS
T-ADS
EPC
MO
MT
LTE
IMS
SAE
SMS
UE
RCS
IM
ICS
SRVCC
eSRVCC
SCC AS
HSS

voice over long term evolution


circuit switched fallback
simultaneous voice and LTE
over-the-top
common telecom application server
terminating access domain selection
evolved packet core
mobile originating
mobile terminating
Long Term Evolution
IP multimedia subsystem
system architecture evolution
short message service
user equipment
Rich Communication Suite
instant message
IMS centralized service
single radio voice call continuity
enhanced single radio voice call continuity
Service Centralization and Continuity Application Server
home subscriber server

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page57

Acronyms (Cont.)
MME
PS
CS
ATCF
ATGW
mAGCF
AGCF
CSCF
S-CSCF
P-CSCF
I-CSCF
MRFC
MFFP
MGCF
AS
BGCF
NAB
CAB

mobility management entity


packet switched
circuit switched
access transfer control function
access transfer gateway
mobile access gateway control function
access gateway control function
call session control function
serving-call session control function
proxy-call session control function
interrogating-call session control function
multimedia resource function controller
multimedia resource function processor
media gateway control function
application server
breakout gateway control function
Network Address Book
Convergent Address Book

Copyright 2014 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page58

Thank you
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