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How to design a hanging mezzanin?

In order to make more useful spaces in structure, "hanging mezzanine" concept has been
adopted, in which the mid-storey is supported from the top floor. can anybody help me in the
design process?

The second floor is supported by columns in tension, not compression, so concrete is

unsuitable use steel. The tension in the steel is equal to the compression that would occur if
the design were conventional, so no additional steel is required over a conventional design,
and steel costs are the same.
The third floor now supports the second floor, so measures have to be taken to ensure that the
steel supports do not work loose, and that the weight of the second floor is evenly distributed
over the third floor. This is the upside down equivalent of the conventional distribution of
The outside walls between first and second floor now carry the same load as that between the
second and third floors, as it is the same load (of two floors). It is now no longer possible to
design the outside walls to be thinner between the second and third floors. However this is
not a disadvantage, as the same thickness is conventionally used for convenience, anyway. So
there is no cost saving.
If the building is in an earth-quake zone, you should run calculations and simulations to
ensure that swinging of the second floor does not amplify the effect of the earthquake, as
resonance may occur, depending on your dimensions.
Arian Salehi Khaje Nasir Toosi University of Technology
Thank you guys for helpful answers! I have noticed that in these kind of structures, vibration
governs. Do you have any idea or strategy to face this problem?
Ian Kennedy Independent Researcher
Damping can be improved by not having supports (from above or below) at exact modular
distances apart. Rather introduce some randomness, without exceeding a safe span or making
a parking spot too small.
Also, place the main air conditioning plant on its own insulated base, to avoid structurecarried noise or use decentralised split units with the noisy unit mounted outside.
However, re-inforced concrete floors are thick from load-carrying calculations, and vibration
is usually not a problem except if one shop or office is renovating and using pneumatic drills.

Don't have grates that people might dance on; don't use inferior construction materials; make
sure that everything is supported DURING construction. Read recent newspapers.
Richard Perry Kulczak University of Brighton
Have a look at the Berlin Stock Exchange, or Ludwig Erhard Haus IHK, by Nicholas
Grimshaw and Partners (aka Grimshaw). We used a series of multi-storey steel arches from
which to hang each concrete floor plate (with integrated coffered downstand beams) from
first floor upwards (like mezannines) to allow for an entirely column-free trading floor at the
ground level. It's colloquially called 'the armadillo' and was groundbreaking design at the