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CivilServicesExamination
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia

TheCivilServicesExamination(CSE)isanationwidecompetitiveexaminationinIndiaconductedbytheUnion
PublicServiceCommissionforrecruitmenttovariousCivilServicesoftheGovernmentofIndia,includingthe
IndianAdministrativeService(IAS),IndianForeignService(IFS),IndianPoliceService(IPS)andIndian
RevenueService(IRS).[1]TheexaminationisthetoughestexaminationinIndia,withmorethan11,00,000
applicantsandasuccessrateof0.1%0.3%,oneofthelowestintheworld.Itisconductedintwophasesa
preliminaryexaminationconsistingoftwoobjectivetypepapers(generalstudiesandaptitudetest),andamain
examinationconsistingofninepapersofconventional(essay)typefollowedbyapersonalitytest(interview).[1]
Theentireprocessfromthenotificationofthepreliminaryexaminationtodeclarationofthefinalresultstakes
roughlyoneyear.[1]

Contents
1 Process
2 Eligibility
2.1 Nationality
2.2 Education
2.3 Age
2.4 Numbersofattempts
3 VacanciesandSelection
4 ListofServices
5 Preliminary
6 Mains
6.1 Examination
6.2 ListofLanguages
6.3 Optionalsubjects
6.4 Interview
7 Annualhighestscorers
8 References
9 Externallinks

Process
TheCivilServicesExaminationisbasedontheBritishRajeraImperialCivilServicetests,aswellasthecivil
servicetestsconductedbyoldIndianempiressuchasintheMauryanEmpireandMughalEmpire.TheCivil
ServicesExaminationisconsideredtobeoneofthemostdifficultandcompetitiveexaminationsinIndia.On
average,900,000to1,000,000candidatesapplyeveryyearandthenumberofcandidatesappearingtositthe
preliminaryexaminationisapproximately450,000.[2]Theexaminationconsistsofthefollowingthreestages:
StageI:PreliminaryexaminationAqualifyingtestadvertisiedinMayandheldinAugusteachyear.
ResultsarepublishedinmidOctober.
StageII:MainexaminationHeldinDecembereveryyear.Resultsareusuallypublishedinthesecondweek
ofMarch.
StageIII:PersonalityTest(interview)heldinApril/Mayeachyear.Finalresultsareusuallyannouncedin
May.
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ThetrainingprogramfortheselectedcandidatesusuallycommencesthefollowingSeptember.

Eligibility
Eligibilityfortheexaminationisasfollows:[1]

Nationality
FortheIndianAdministrativeService,theIndianForeignServiceandtheIndianPoliceService,acandidate
mustbeacitizenofIndia.
FortheIndianRevenueService,acandidatemustbeoneofthefollowing:
AcitizenofIndia
apersonofIndianoriginwhohasmigratedfromPakistan,Myanmar,SriLanka,Kenya,Uganda,
Tanzania,Zambia,Malawi,Zaire,EthiopiaorVietnamwiththeintentionofpermanentlysettlingin
India
Forotherservices,acandidatemustbeoneofthefollowing:
AcitizenofIndia
AcitizenofNepalorasubjectofBhutan
apersonofIndianoriginwhohasmigratedfromPakistan,Myanmar,SriLanka,Kenya,Uganda,
Tanzania,Zambia,Malawi,Zaire,EthiopiaorVietnamwiththeintentionofpermanentlysettlingin
India

Education
Allcandidatesmusthaveasaminimumoneofthefollowingeducationalqualifications:
AdegreefromaCentral,StateorDeemeduniversity[1]
Adegreereceivedthroughcorrespondenceordistanceeducation
Adegreefromanopenuniversity[3]
AqualificationrecognizedbytheGovernmentofIndiaasbeingequivalenttooneoftheabove[1]
Thefollowingcandidatesarealsoeligible,butmustsubmitproofoftheireligibilityfromacompetentauthorityat
theirinstitute/universityatthetimeofthemainexamination,failingwhichtheywillnotbeallowedtoattendthe
exam.[1]
Candidateswhohaveappearedinanexamination,thepassingofwhichwouldrenderthemeducationally
qualifiedenoughtosatisfyoneoftheabovepoints[4]
CandidateswhohavepassedthefinalexamoftheMBBSdegreebuthavenotyetcompletedaninternship
CandidateswhohavepassedthefinalexamofInstituteofCharteredAccountantsofIndia(ICAI),ICSIand
ICWAI
Adegreefromaprivateuniversity
AdegreefromanyforeignuniversityrecognizedbytheAssociationofIndianUniversities

Age
Acandidatemusthaveattainedtheageof21yearsandmustnothaveattainedtheageof32yearsonAugust1of
theyearofexamination.Prescribedagelimitsvarywithrespecttocastereservations.Forotherbackwardscastes
(OBC)theupperagelimitis35,andforscheduledcastes(SC)andscheduledtribes(ST)thelimitis37years.The
upperagelimitisrelaxedforcertaincandidateswhoarebackwardwithrespecttootherfactorsandphysically
handicappedpeople.[5]
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Numbersofattempts
Thenumberoftimesacandidatemayattempttheexamislimitedasfollows:[3]
Generalcategorycandidates:6[6]
OBCcategorycandidates=9
SC/STCandidates=16
Appearingtoattemptoneofthepapersinthepreliminaryexaminationiscountedasanattempt,including
disqualification/cancellationofcandidature.However,applyingtosittheexambutfailingtoattendisnotcounted
asanattempt.[7]

VacanciesandSelection
Generallythenumberofvacanciesvarieseveryyear.Thenumberofcandidatesthatpassthepreliminary
examinationisgenerally11or12timesthenumberofvacancies,andthenumberofcandidatesselectedforthe
finalinterviewistwicethenumberofvacancies.Asperexistingpolicies,reservationforSC/ST/OBCisappliedto
eachleveloftheselectionprocess.
In2006,around400,000candidatesappliedforfewerthan500vacancies.Ofthosecandidates,7,500passedthe
preliminaryexam.In2010,547,698candidatesappearedforthepreliminaryexam.[8]

ListofServices
FollowingaretheserviceswhichonegetsonqualifyingtheCivilServiceExamination.[9]
GroupAServices
IndianForeignService
IndianAdministrativeService
IndianPoliceService
IndianRevenueService(IncomeTax)
IndianRevenueService(CBEC)
IndianPost&TelecommunicationAccountsandFinanceService
IndianAuditandAccountsService
IndianDefenceAccountsService
IndianOrdnanceFactoriesService
IndianPostalService
IndianCivilAccountsService
IndianRailwayTrafficService
IndianRailwayAccountsService
IndianRailwayPersonnelService
RailwayProtectionForce
IndianDefenceEstatesService
IndianInformationService
IndianTradeService
IndianCorporateLawService
GroupBServices
ArmedForcesHeadquartersCivilService
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Delhi,AndamanandNicobarIslandsCivilService
Delhi,AndamanandNicobarIslandsPoliceService
PondicherryCivilService
PondicherryPoliceService

Preliminary
ThepatternofthePreliminaryexaminationupto2010wasbasedontherecommendationsoftheKothari
Commission(1979).Itincludedtwoexaminations,oneongeneralstudiesworth150marks,andthesecondonone
of23optionalsubjectsworth300marks.[4][10]Until2011,whenitwasrevamped,[10]thepreliminarypatternwas
sustainedwithonlyminorchangesonceeverytentofifteenyears.[10]
From2011onwards,thePreliminaryexamination,nowpopularlyknownastheCivilServicesAptitudeTest
(CSAT)(officiallyitisstillcalledGeneralStudiesPaper1andPaper2),intendstofocusonanalyticalabilitiesand
understandingratherthantheabilitytomemorize.Thenewpatternincludestwopapersoftwohoursdurationand
200markseach.[8]Bothpapershavemultiplechoiceobjectivetypequestionsonly.[8]Theyareasunder:
PaperIteststhecandidate'sknowledgeoncurrentevents,historyofIndiaandIndiannationalmovement,
Indianandworldgeography,Indianpolityandgovernance,economicandsocialdevelopment,
environmentalecology,biodiversity,climatechangeandgeneralscience.[8]
PaperIIteststhecandidates'skillsincomprehension,interpersonalskills,communication,logicalreasoning,
analyticalability,decisionmaking,problemsolving,basicnumeracy,datainterpretation,Englishlanguage
comprehensionskillsandmentalability.[8]
InAugust2014,theCentreannouncedthatEnglishmarksinCSATIIwillnotbeincludedforgradationormerit
and2011candidatesmaygetasecondchancetoappearforthetestnextyear.[11]
InMay2015,theGovernmentofIndiaannouncedthatPaperIIofthepreliminaryexaminationwillbequalifying
innaturei.e.itwouldn'tbegradedforeligibilityinMainsExamination&acandidateneedstosecureatleast33%
marksinordertobeeligibleforgradedonbasisofMarksofPaperIofPreliminaryExamination.

Mains
TheCivilServicesMainsExaminationconsistsofawrittenexaminationandaninterview.[1][12]

Examination
Thewrittenexaminationconsistsofninepapers,twoqualifyingandsevenrankinginnature.[1]Therangeof
questionsmayvaryfromjustonemarktosixtymarks,twentywordsto600wordsanswers.Candidateswhopass
qualifyingpapersarerankedaccordingtomarksandaselectednumberofcandidatesarecalledforinterviewora
personalitytestattheCommission'sdiscretion
AccordingtothenewmarksallocationsinCivilServiceExamination2013therearesomechangesmadeinthe
examinationaccordingtothesuggestionoftheProf.Arun.S.NigavekarCommittee.[13]However,aftersome
controversy,thequalifyingpapersforIndianlanguagesandEnglishwererestoredtotheexamination.[14]

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CivilServicesNewMainsFormat[1][4]
Subject

Paper
PaperA

Marks

(OneoftheIndianlanguageslistedbelow,tobeselectedbythecandidate(fromthelanguages
listedintheEighthScheduletotheConstitutionofIndia)(Qualifying)

300

PaperB English(Qualifying)

300

PaperI Essay

250

PaperII GeneralStudiesI(Indianheritageandculture,historyandgeographyoftheworldandsociety)

250

Paper
III

GeneralStudiesII(Governance,constitution,polity,socialjusticeandinternationalrelations)

250

Paper
IV

GeneralStudiesIII(Technology,economicdevelopment,biodiversity,environment,security
anddisastermanagement)

250

PaperV GeneralStudiesIV(ethics,integrityandaptitude)

250

Papers Twopapersonsubjectstobeselectedbythecandidatefromthelistofoptionalsubjectsbelow
VI,VII (250marksforeachpaper)

500

SubTotal(WrittenTest)

1750

PersonalityTest(Interview)

275

TotalMarks

2025

ListofLanguages
Theexaminationisofferedinthefollowinglanguages,withthenameofthescriptinbrackets:[15]
Kashmiri(Persian)
Sanskrit(Devanagari)
Assamese(Assamese)
Konkani(Devanagari)
Santhali(DevanagriorOl
Bengali(Bengali)
Maithili(Devanagari)
Chiki)
Bodo(Devanagari)
Malayalam(Malayalam)
Sindhi(DevanagariorArabic)
Dogri(Devanagari)
Manipuri(Bengali)
Tamil(Tamil)
English(English)
Marathi(Devanagari)
Telugu(Telugu)
Gujarati(Gujarati)
Nepali(Devanagari)
Urdu(Persian)
Hindi(Devanagari)
Oriya(Oriya)
Kannada(Kannada)
Punjabi(Gurumukhi)
Kashmiri(Persian)
Sanskrit(Devanagari)

Optionalsubjects
ThesubjectsavailableforPapersVIandVIIare:[15]
Agriculture
AnimalHusbandryand
VeterinaryScience
Anthropology
Botany
Chemistry
CivilEngineering
CommerceandAccountancy
Economics
ElectricalEngineering
Geography
Geology
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Geology
History
Law
Literatureofanyoneofthe
nonEnglishlanguageslisted
above
Management
Mathematics
MechanicalEngineering
MedicalScience
Philosophy
Physics

Physics
PoliticalScienceand
InternationalRelations
Psychology
PublicAdministration
Sociology
Statistics
Zoology

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Interview
Officiallycalledthe"PersonalityTest",theobjectiveoftheinterviewistoassessthepersonalsuitabilityofthe
candidateforacareerinpublicservicebyaboardofcompetentandunbiasedobservers.Thetestisintendedto
evaluatethementalcalibreofacandidate.Inbroadterms,thisisreallyanassessmentofnotonlyacandidate's
intellectualqualities,butalsosocialtraitsandinterestincurrentaffairs.Someofthequalitiestobejudgedare
mentalalertness,criticalpowersofassimilation,clearandlogicalexposition,balanceofjudgement,varietyand
depthofinterest,abilityforsocialcohesionandleadership,andintellectualandmoralintegrity.
Thetechniqueoftheinterviewisnotthatofastrictcrossexamination,butofanatural,thoughdirectedand
purposiveconversationthatisintendedtorevealthementalqualitiesofthecandidate.
Theinterviewisnotintendedtobeatesteitherofthespecialisedorgeneralknowledgeofthecandidate,whichhas
beenalreadytestedthroughwrittenpapers.Candidatesareexpectedtohavetakenanintelligentinterestnotonlyin
theirspecialsubjectsofacademicstudy,butalsointheeventswhicharehappeningaroundthembothwithinand
outsidetheirownstateorcountryaswellasinmoderncurrentsofthoughtandinnewdiscoverieswhichshould
rousethecuriosityofallwelleducatedyouth.

Annualhighestscorers

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ListofannualhighestscorersinCivilServicesExamination
Year

Topper

HomeState

Service

Ref.

2015

TinaDabi

MadhyaPradesh

IAS

[16][17][18][19][20]

2014

IraSinghal

Delhi

IAS

[21]

2013

GauravAggrawal

Rajasthan

IAS

[22]

2012

HarithaVKumar

Kerala

IAS

[23]

2011

ShenaAggarwal

Haryana

IAS

[24]

2010

SDivyadharsini

TamilNadu

IAS

[25]

2009

ShahFaesal

JammuandKashmir

IAS

[26]

2008

ShubhraSaxena

UttarPradesh

IAS

[27]

2007

AdapaKarthik

AndhraPradesh

IAS

[28]

2006

MutyalarajuRevu

AndhraPradesh

IAS

[28]

2005

MonaPruthi

Haryana

IAS

[28]

2004

SNagarajan

TamilNadu

IAS

[29]

2003

RoopaMishra

Odisha

IAS

[30]

2002

AnkurGarg

Punjab

IAS

[31][32]

2001

AlokRanjanJha

Bihar

IFS

[33][34]

2000

VijaylakshmiBidari

Karnataka

IAS

[35][36]

1999

SorabhBabu

UttarPradesh

IAS

[37]

1998

BhawnaGarg

Punjab

IAS

[38]

1997

DeveshKumar

Bihar

IAS

[39]

1996

SunilKumarBarnwal

Bihar

IAS

[40]

1995

IqbalDhaliwal

TamilNadu

IAS

[41][42]

1994

AsutoshJindal

Delhi

IAS

1993

SrivatsaKrishna

Karnataka

IAS

[43]

1992

AnuragSrivastava

UttarPradesh

IAS

[44]

1991

RajuNarayanaSwamy

Kerala

IAS

1990

LakshmiNarayana

AndhraPradesh

IPS

1989

ShashiPrakashGoyal

UttarPradesh

IAS

1988

PrashantKumar

Bihar

IAS

1987

AmirSubhani

Bihar

IAS

[46]

1981

PradeepShukla

UttarPradesh

IAS

[47]

1979

Dr.HrusikeshPanda

Odisha

IAS

[48]

1977

JavedUsmani

UttarPradesh

IAS

[48]

1974

BhaskarBalakrishnan

TamilNadu

IFS

[49]

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[45]

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1973

NirupamaRao

Kerala

IFS

1972

DuvvuriSubbarao

AndhraPradesh

IAS

References
1."UnionPublicServiceCommissionCentralCivilServicesExamination,2011Notice".upsc.gov.in.Archivedfromthe
original(PDF)on9July2011.Retrieved9July2011.
2.http://indianexpress.com/article/india/indiaothers/over45lakhstudentsappearforupscpreliminaryexam/
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4."CivilServicesExaminationOverview".upsc.gov.in.Archivedfromtheoriginalon10July2011.Retrieved9July
2011.
5.http://www.upsc.gov.in/exams/notifications/2015/CSP_2015/CSP_2015_eng.pdf
6.http://www.upsc.gov.in/exams/notifications/2016/CSP_IFS/CSP/CSP_2016_Engl_Notice.pdf
7.http://www.thehindu.com/todayspaper/centretoloweragelimitforcivilserviceaspirants/article6609797.ece
8."Changesinthecivilserviceexamination".HindustanTimes.NewDelhi.21June2011.Archivedfromtheoriginalon10
July2011.Retrieved10July2011.
9.http://www.civilserviceindia.com/civilserviceslist.html.Missingorempty|title=(help)
10."ChangeofpatterninUPSC".ThePioneer.22June2011.Archivedfromtheoriginalon10July2011.Retrieved10July
2011.
11."CSATRow:MarksofEnglishpaperwillnotbeincludedformerit".PatrikaGroup(4August2014).Retrieved
4August2014.
12.http://www.upsc.gov.in/general/civil.htm#ListofOptionalSubjectsCS(Main)
13."PMapproveschangesincivilservicesexampattern".Feb27,2013.Retrieved25March2013.|first1=missing
|last1=inAuthorslist(help)
14.GovtrollsbackchangestoUPSCmainsexam(http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/govtrollsbackchangestoupsc
mainsexam/article4533535.ece?ref=relatedNews)
15."CIVILSERVICESEXAMINATION,2015"(PDF).UnionPublicServicesCommission.23May2015.p.5.Retrieved
23June2016.
16."TinaDabitopsCivilServicesExamination,2015".
17."2015IAS"(PDF).
18."UPSCresults:22yearoldtopperTinaDabipicks'bigparadox'Haryanaascadre".
19."CivilServicesresults:Meetthetoppers,knowtheirsuccessmantras".
20."BetweenthelinesofTinaDabi'sIASsuccessstory:Individualexcellenceandsocialchange".
21."UPSCCivilServicesExam2014ResultsDeclared,FourWomenAmongTopFive".NDTV.NDTV.July4,2015.
22.http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/India/MeetGauravAgrawalUPSCcivilservices2013
topper/articleshow/36444202.cms.Missingorempty|title=(help)
23.http://www.thehindu.com/features/metroplus/forthepeople/article4702540.ece.Missingorempty|title=(help)
24."CompletelistofUPSCCivilServicesToppers2012".TheTimesOfIndia.TOI(TimesofIndia).May4,2012.
RetrievedMay8,2012.
25."UPSCCivilServicestoppers20102011".IndiaShout..RetrievedMay8,2012.Checkdatevaluesin:|date=(help)
26."FrontPage:ShahFaesalisfirstKashmiritotopcivilservicesexam".Chennai,India:TheHindu.20100507.
Retrieved20120706.
27."ITengineerShubhraSaxenatopsUPSC".CNNIBN.20090505.Retrieved20120706.
28."CSECandidates'Corner".Persmin.gov.in.Retrieved20130321.
29."Icanmakeadifference,saysIAStopper".Rediff.20050513.Retrieved20130321.
30."ExecutiveRecordSheetGenerator(IASOfficers)".Persmin.nic.in.Retrieved20130321.
31."ExecutiveRecordSheetGenerator(IASOfficers)".Persmin.nic.in.Retrieved20130321.
32.AnuradhaMukherjee,TNNMay3,2003,12.35amIST(20030503)."UPSCtoppersfromdiversefields".TheTimesof
India.Retrieved20130321.
33.TNNMay19,2002,02.03amIST(20020519)." 'Civilservicesexamnotalottery' ".TheTimesofIndia.Retrieved
20130321.
34."Lookwithintoarrestcivilslip".Calcutta,India:Telegraphindia.com.20120510.Retrieved20130321.
35."ExecutiveRecordSheetGenerator(IASOfficers)".Persmin.nic.in.Retrieved20130321.
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37.TheHindu.Chennai,India.20000526http://www.hindu.com/2000/05/26/stories/0226000f.htm.Missingorempty
|title=(help)
38."ExecutiveRecordSheetGenerator(IASOfficers)".Persmin.nic.in.Retrieved20130321.
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40.http://persmin.nic.in/ersheet/MultipleERS.asp?HiddenStr=01JH046500.Missingorempty|title=(help)
41.http://www.oocities.org/indiancivilservices/insp.html.Missingorempty|title=(help)
42.http://www.povertyactionlab.org/doc/iqbaldhaliwalcv.Missingorempty|title=(help)
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(help)
44.http://www.persmin.nic.in/ersheet/MultipleERS.asp?HiddenStr=01UP062500.Missingorempty|title=(help)
45.http://www.persmin.nic.in/ersheet/MultipleERS.asp?HiddenStr=01UP060600.Missingorempty|title=(help)
46.http://www.bihartimes.in/Newsbihar/2009/Oct/Newsbihar02Oct5.html
47.http://www.firstpost.com/india/iastopperisprimesuspectinnrhmscaminup265962.html
48.http://www.milligazette.com/Archives/01072001/29.htm
49.http://www.scholarsavenue.org/careers/theindianforeignserviceasacareeroption/

Externallinks
UnionPublicServiceCommissionofficialwebsite(http://www.upsc.gov.in)
Retrievedfrom"https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Civil_Services_Examination&oldid=735428679"
Categories: UnionPublicServiceCommission Examinations StandardisedtestsinIndia
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oftheWikimediaFoundation,Inc.,anonprofitorganization.

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