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CalculatorTechniquesforSolvingProgressionProblems

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CalculatorTechniquesforSolvingProgressionProblems
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SubmittedbyRomelVerterraonJanuary27,201311:22pm

Thisisthefirstroundforseriesofpostsaboutoptimizingtheuseofcalculatorinsolvingmathproblems.Thecalculator
techniquesIampresentingherehasbeenknowntomanystudentswhoareabouttotaketheengineeringboardexam.Usingit
willsaveyouplentyoftimeandusethattimeinanalyzingmorecomplexproblems.ThefollowingmodelsofCASIO
calculatormayworkwiththesemethods:fx570ES,fx570ESPlus,fx115ES,fx115ESPlus,fx991ES,andfx991ESPlus.

Thispostwillfocusonprogressionprogression.Toillustratetheuseofcalculator,wewillhavesampleproblemstosolve.But
beforethat,notethefollowingcalculatorkeysandthecorrespondingoperation:
Name

Key

Operation

Name

Shift

SHIFT

(Sigma)

SHIFT log

Mode

MODE

Solve

SHIFT CALC

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Key

Operation

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CalculatorTechniquesforSolvingProgressionProblems

Alpha

ALPHA

Logicalequals

ALPHA CALC

Stat

SHIFT 1[STAT]

Exponent

x[]

AC

AC

Problem:ArithmeticProgression
The6thtermofanarithmeticprogressionis12andthe30thtermis180.
1.Whatisthecommondifferenceofthesequence?
2.Determinethefirstterm?
3.Findthe52ndterm.
4.Ifthenthtermis250,findn.
5.Calculatethesumofthefirst60terms.
6.Computeforthesumbetween12thand37thterms,inclusive.

TraditionalSolution
ForalittlebackgroundaboutArithmeticProgression,thetraditionalwayofsolvingthisproblemispresentedhere.
Clickheretoshoworhidethesolution
an = am + (n m)d
a30 = a6 + (30 6)d
180 = 12 + 24d
d = 7 commondifference

an = a1 + (n 1)d
a30 = a1 + (30 1)d
180 = a1 + 29(7)
a1 = 23 firstterm

an = am + (n m)d
a52 = a6 + (52 6)d
a52 = 12 + 46(7)
a5 2 = 334 52nd term

=
+ (n m)d
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CalculatorTechniquesforSolvingProgressionProblems

an = am + (n m)d
250 = 12 + (n 6)(7)
n = 40 40th term,a40 =250

SumofAPisgivenbytheformula
S =

1
2

n[ 2a1 + (n 1)d ]

Sumofthefirst60terms
S =

1
2

(60)[ 2(23) + (60 1)(7) ]

S = 11, 010 answer

Sumbetween12thand37thterms,inclusive.
S = S37 S11
S =

1
2

(37)[ 2(23) + (37 1)(7) ]

1
2

(11)[ 2(23) + (11 1)(7) ]

S = 3679 answer

CalculatorTechniqueforArithmeticProgression
BringyourcalculatortoLinearRegressioninSTATmode:
MODE 3:STAT 2:A+BXandinputthecoordinates.

AmongthemanySTATtype,whyA+BX?
Theformulaan=am+(nm)dislinearinn.Incalculator,we

X(forn)

Y(foran)

inputnatXcolumnandanatYcolumn.ThusourXislinear

12

representingthevariablenintheformula.

30

180

Tofindthefirstterm:
AC 1 SHIFT 1[STAT] 7:Reg 5:y-caretandcalculate1y-caret,besuretoplace1infrontofycaret.
1y-caret=23answerforthefirstterm

Tofindthe52ndterm,andagainAC 52 SHIFT 1[STAT] 7:Reg 5:y-caretandmakesureyouplace52


infrontofycaret.
52y-caret=334answerforthe52ndterm

Tofindnforan=250,
AC 250 SHIFT 1[STAT] 7:Reg 4:x-caret
250x-caret=40answerforn

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CalculatorTechniquesforSolvingProgressionProblems

Tofindthecommondifference,solveforanytermadjacenttoagiventerm,say7thtermbecausethe6thtermisgiventhendo
7y-caret12=7ford.Forsomefun,randomlysubtractanytwoadjacenttermslike18y-caret17y-caret,etc.Try
it!

SumofArithmeticProgressionbyCalculator
Sumofthefirst60terms:
AC SHIFT log[] ALPHA )[X] SHIFT 1[STAT] 7:Reg 5:y-caret SHIFT )
[,] 1 SHIFT )[,] 60 )

Thecalculatorwilldisplay(Xy-caret,1,60)thenpress[=].
(Xy-caret,1,60) =11010answer

Sumfrom12thto37thterms,
(Xy-caret,12,37) =3679answer

AnotherwaytosolveforthesumistousethecalculationoutsidetheSTATmode.Theconceptistoaddeachterminthe
progression.Anytermintheprogressionisgivenbyan=a1+(n1)d.Inthisproblem,a1=23andd=7,thus,ourequation
foranisan=23+(n1)(7).

Resetyourcalculatorintogeneralcalculationmode:MODE 1:COMPthenSHIFT log.


Sumoffirst60terms:
60

(-23

+ (ALPHA X - 1) 7)=11010

x=1

Oryoucando
59

(-23

+ 7 ALPHA X)=11010whichyieldthesameresult.

x=0

Sumfrom12thto37thterms
37

(-23

+ (ALPHA X - 1) 7)=3679

x=12

Oryoumaydo
36

(-23

+ 7 ALPHA X)=3679

x=11

CalculatorTechniqueforGeometricProgression
Problem
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CalculatorTechniquesforSolvingProgressionProblems

Giventhesequence2,6,18,54,...
1.Findthe12thterm
2.Findnifan=9,565,938.
3.Findthesumofthefirsttenterms.

TraditionalSolution
Clickheretoshoworhidethesolution

SolutionbyCalculator
MODE 3:STAT 6:AB^X

WhyAB^X?

Thenthtermformulaan=a1rn1forgeometricprogressionis

exponentialinform,thevariablenintheformulaistheX

equivalentinthecalculator.

18

Tosolveforthe12thterm
AC 12 SHIFT 1[STAT] 7:Reg 5:y-caret
12y-caret=354294answer

Tosolveforn,
AC 9565938 SHIFT 1[STAT] 7:Reg 4:x-caret
9565938x-caret=15answer

Sumofthefirsttenterms,
AC SHIFT log[] ALPHA )[X] SHIFT 1[STAT] 7:Reg 5:y-caret SHIFT )
[,] 1 SHIFT )[,] 10 )

Thecalculatorwilldisplay(Xy-caret,1,10)thenpress[=].
(Xy-caret,1,10) =59048answer

YoumayalsosovethesumoutsidetheSTATmode
(MODE 1:COMPthenSHIFT log[])
Eachtermwhichisgivenbyan=a1rn1.
10

(2(3ALPHA

X - 1))=59048answer

x=1

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Oryoumaydo
9

(2

3ALPHA X)=59048

x=0

CalculatorTechniqueforHarmonicProgression
Problem
Findthe30thtermofthesequence6,3,2,...

SolutionbyCalculator
MODE 3:STAT 8:1/X
X

AC 30 SHIFT 1[STAT] 7:Reg 5:y-caret


30y-caret=0.2answer

Ihopeyoufindthisposthelpful.Withsomepractice,youwillgetfamiliarwithyourcalculatorandthemethodswepresent
here.Iencourageyoutodosomepractice,onceyougraspit,youcaneasilysolvebasicproblemsinprogression.

Ifyouhaveanotherwayofusingyourcalculatorforsolvingprogressionproblems,pleaseshareittous.Wewillbehappyto
havevarietyofwayspostedhere.Youcanusethecommentformbelowtodoit.

Tags:
scientificcalculator calculatortechnique CASIOcalculator arithmeticprogressionbycalculator geometricprogressionby
calculator harmonicprogressionbycalculator
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RomelVerterra'sblog

Comments
SubmittedbyArnelCorpuzonJuly20,20154:54pm

thankyou...veryhelpful!
Loginorregistertopostcomments

SubmittedbyFranzMesaonFebruary21,20164:27pm

Ihaveaproblemingeometricprogression,igotamatherrorbecausethevalueofmyrisnegative.Hereistheexample
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Findthesumofthefirst7termsofthesequence9,6,4,...
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