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# UNIVERSITY OF MAURITIUS

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

MAY 2012
PROGRAMME

## BEng (Hons) Civil Engineering Full-Time

BEng (Hons) Civil Engineering Part-Time

MODULE NAME

Wastewater Engineering
Saturday

DATE

MODULE CODE

12 May 2012

TIME

## 9:30 11:30 Hrs

NO. OF
QUESTIONS SET

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
All questions carry equal marks.

DURATION
NO. OF QUESTIONS
TO BE ATTEMPTED

CIVE3223(5)/
CIVE 4016
2 hours
4

## WASTEWATER ENGINEERING - CIVE 3223(5) / CIVE4016

All questions carry equal marks.
Question 1
(a)

With regards to the activated sludge process, explain the following terms:
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)

## Biological Oxygen Demand

Mixed Liquor Suspended Solids (MLSS)
Sludge Volume Index (SVI)
Sludge Age
[12 marks]

(b)

## Design a horizontal flow type grit chamber for a proposed wastewater

treatment plant to treat 50,000 m3/d maximum flows. The average and
minimum sewage flows are 35,000 m3/d and 10,000 m3/d respectively. The
flow through velocity controlled by proportional weir is 0.3m/s. The
hydraulic retention time is 60s and the width of the chamber can be taken as
1.5m. State clearly any other assumptions made.
[13 marks]

Question 2
(a)

What are the objectives of a primary treatment system? Show the units that
constitute a primary treatment system with a schematic flow diagram.
[10 marks]

(b)

(i)

## What is the main purpose of sedimentation and how is this usually

achieved on a wastewater treatment plant?
[5 marks]

(ii)

## Assuming the food to microorganisms ratio equal to 0.25 and hydraulic

residence time of 6 hours, compute the value of MLSS to be maintained
in the reactor of a conventional activated sludge plant designed to treat
5 MLD settled wastewater with 200 mg/l of BOD5.
[10 marks]

Question 3
(a)

(b)

(i)

## Explain the concept of the suspended growth process with a suitable

example and describe the removal mechanism for the same. [7 marks]

(ii)

(i)

## Explain the dynamics of the fixed film process in wastewater

treatment with a suitable example.
[6 marks]

(ii)

## It is proposed to provide Rotating Biological Contactor (RBC) to treat a

wastewater flow of a small community of 1500 persons. The per capita
generation of flow has been taken as 200 l/d. Assuming 3.0 m
diameter discs of 5mm thick placed at 5cm apart, shaft length of 8.0m
[6 marks]
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[6 marks]

## WASTEWATER ENGINEERING - CIVE 3223(5) / CIVE4016

Question 4
(a)

Compute the mean cell residence time and recirculation ratio and volume of a
reactor from the following data to design a conventional activated sludge
process. Compare the recirculation ratio if the effluent biomass concentration
of 15 mg/l is considered in the mass balance analysis:
Given data:
Daily average wastewater flow = 20 MLD
Sludge wasting flow
= 140 m3/d
Biomass concentration in the reactor
= 4000 mg/l
Returned Sludge Concentration = 10,000 mg/l
Hydraulic Retention Time
= 4 hours
Yield Coefficient
= 0.5
Endogenous Decay Constant
= 0.05 d-1
[15 marks]

(b)

## What is the purpose of sludge digestion?

Describe the uses and list the sequence of events for anaerobic digestion.
[10 marks]

Question 5
(a)

(i)

## Briefly describe the process of sludge digestion.

[6 marks]

(ii)

Calculate the digester capacity required for the single stage floating
cover digester for the sewage treatment of a town with the following
data:

Population: 7,000
Volatile Solids in raw sludge
= 70%
Moisture content of raw sludge
= 96%
Digestion period
= 25 days
Volatile Solids Reduction during digestion = 50%
Moisture content of digested sludge
= 92%
Storage volume required for the digested sludge
= 90 days
[10 marks]
(b)

## Discuss the possibilities of re-using treated wastewater and explain the

rationale behind.
[9 marks]

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Question 6
(a)

(b)

(i)

## Determine the specific gravity and volume of 700 kg of secondary

sludge if on analysis, it was found that 10% sludge contained 35% of
fixed solids with specific gravity 2.5 and 60% of volatile solids with
specific gravity 1.0.
[8 marks]

(ii)

Assuming 3.5 kg of VS/d-m3 as loading rate and the data given below,
determine the capacity of an anaerobic sludge digester to treat the
sludge generated from a 15 MLD domestic wastewater treatment plant.
[Given: Suspended Solids in wastewater = 250 mg/l; Suspended Solids
removal efficiency of primary clarifier = 60%; Volatile content of solids
= 70%].
[7 marks]

## A promoter is planning to construct 25 number of villas in Trou-aux-Biches on

a 1ha plot. Each villa has three bedrooms. The region is not sewered. By
making suitable assumptions, design an on-site wastewater disposal system
for the proposed project. You may take wastewater land infiltration rate to be
50 l/m2/d.
[10 marks]

sg/

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