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AL BAYT STADIUM AT AL KHOR CITY

PACKAGE 2 (Stadium, Auxiliary Building and Bridges)


PACKAGE 4 (Energy Center)

REPORT

100% Structural Design Roof Secondary Structure


Report
Document Code No.

Q11017-0100D-GSIC-TNT-PK2-STS-CAL-01500-00173-D1

Design Package Code No.

Q11017-0100D-PK2-DES-DS0-01504

Designers Document preparation


verification and approval

Name in print

Prepared by

Project Engineer

Stefan Dziewas

Checked by

Project Director Structure

Christoph Paech

Verified by

Managing Director Structure

Knut Stockhusen

Approved by

Design Coordinator

Florian Alles

Document revision table


Date

Rev. No.

14.07.2016

D1

Description of modifications / revisions

First issue for client review

Q11017-0100D-GSIC-TNT-PK2-STS-CAL-01500-00173-D1

Signature

Q11017-0100D-GSIC-TNT-PK2-STS-CAL-01500-00173-D1

pag. 2/2

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Structural Design:
schlaich
bergermann partner
Structural Consulting
Engineers
Schwabstrae 43
70197 Stuttgart

al bayt/3259
14.07.2016

General ........................................................ 0-1

Load Assumptions ............................................... 1-2

1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2

Dead Load of Structure ....................................... 1.1-2


Self Weight of Primary Structure ........................... 1.1.1-2
Superimposed Dead Load ..................................... 1.1.2-3

1.2
1.3
1.4
1.4.1
1.4.2

Roof Live Load / Sand Load .................................. 1.2-25


Temperature ................................................. 1.3-31
Wind ........................................................ 1.4-33
General information about considered wind loads ........... 1.4.1-33
Wind load constellations .................................. 1.4.2-34

1.5
1.6
1.7

Seismic Loads ............................................... 1.5-49


Driving of inner roof ....................................... 1.6-59
Normative Load Combination Code ............................. 1.7-73

Structural System ............................................. 2-74

2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2

Description of the Structural System ........................ 2.1-74


Hinge conditions / constraints in global FE-model ......... 2.1.1-79
Inner retractable roof in global FE-model ................. 2.1.2-83

2.2
2.3

Cross-Sections .............................................. 2.2-84


Workflow analysis and sizing .............................. 2.3-85

Analysis Results .............................................. 3-86

3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.4
3.2.5
3.2.6

Reaction Forces ............................................. 3.1-87


Member forces ............................................... 3.2-93
Member forces - purlins .................................. 3.2.1-94
Member forces - bracings ................................ 3.2.2-100
Member forces - inner tangential truss ................... 3.2.3-108
Member forces - intermediate trusses .................... 3.2.4-110
Member forces - steel columns axis Hn ................. 3.2.5-114
Member forces VVIP entrance ............................ 3.2.6-116

3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.4

Member design .............................................. 3.3-125


Models, data and reference documents ....................... 3.3-146
Additional forces and moments .............................. 3.3-153
Load Cases ............................................... 3.3.3-194
Secondary Steel Sizing ................................... 3.3.4-220

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.4
3.4.1
3.4.2

Additional Secondary Elements .............................. 3.4-256


Stay Cables .............................................. 3.4.1-256
Sizing of the additional ETFE supporting structure ....... 3.4.2-270

3.5
3.5.1
3.5.2

Deformations ............................................... 3.5-279


Vertical deformations .................................... 3.5.1-279
Horizontal deformations .................................. 3.5.2-289

Robustness / Risk Mitigation ................................. 4-298

4.1
4.2
4.3

General .................................................... 4.1-298


Risk mitigation ............................................ 4.2-299
Critical/non-critical structural elements .................. 4.3-300

Annex .......................................................... 5-1

5.1
5.2

Annex 1 load case combination table ........................ 5.1-1


Annex 2 design sheet for facade purlin ..................... 5.2-2

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

General

These report deals with the design of the secondary steel structure of the tent
roof consisting out of upper, lower and faade purlins, horizontal and vertical
bracings, steel columns in axis Hn and intermediate trusses.

Secondary steel structure of the tent roof

Important notes
Technical specification
The structural report has to be read in conjunction with the
specification which forms always part of same submission package.

technical

Fire prevention measures


All fire prevention measures are summarized in corresponding report from fire
consultant (Q11017-0100D-GSIC-STA-PK2-LFS-RPT-00000-D1).

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Load Assumptions

1.1

Dead Load of Structure

1.1.1

Self Weight of Primary Structure

The dead load of primary steel elements will be considered by the finite
element program automatically. Structural details will be considered as
additional node loads.
Self-weight of the structural components is based on following material
densities:
Material

Density
kN/m

steel

78,5

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

1.1.2

Superimposed Dead Load

Superimposed

dead

incorporated

within

loads
the

consist
primary

of

the

fixed

structural

dead

loads.

loads

These

that

include

are

not

flooring,

ceilings and permanent fixtures and finishes.


Superimposed dead load (SDL) is derived from the material densities and their
respective dimensions from architectural drawings to account for the flooring,
partition, cladding false ceilings, waterproofing systems, electromechanical
loads and fixtures.
Superimposed dead load will be taken into account as finally implemented. This
includes for:

Roof / Faade cladding and details;

Catwalks and gantries including cable trays, etc.;

Sandtrap louvers loads;

Membrane edge loads at joints;

Load speakers, lights, floodlight, etc.;

MEP loads in roof structure and suspended from the same;

Water loads (drainage);

Loads of driving technology of inner retractable roof structure (Rail);

Sprinklers;

ETFE bay loads;

Additional suspended loads on the roof structure for events;

Video Wall loads.

Provide manufacturer's Loading Data Sheets to verify the self weight adopted in the design.

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Dead loads
Dead loads for catwalks and gantry are taken as an envelope of the sized structures from
package #1505.

Gutter pipe dead loads are based on experience as well as applied water load on each gutter,
respectively. The final products/structures will have to comply with the applied loads.

The sand trap louver loads are based on a selfweight of 25kg/m applied on
-

4m height along outer perimeter edge, resulting in 1,00kN/m

8m average width along top ridge lines, resulting in 2,00kN/m

Rail load from the Retractable Roof (packages 1508 and 1509) are based on
-

75kg/m per rail profile

350kg/m for lantern pinion system

Totalizing 5 kN/m per side.

Manufacturer's Load Data sheets shall be provided


for our cross verifications.

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Catwalks and gantry

0.00

100.00

200.00

),

Separate Load/m calculations for Catwalks and gantry


shall be provided.

2.50
2.50

2.50
2.50

2.50

2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50

2.50

2.50
2.50

2.50

2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50

2.50

2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50
3.00
3.00
2.50
2.50 3.00
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
3.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
3.00 2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
3.00 2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
3.00 2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
3.00 2.50
2.50
2.50 2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50
3.00 2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
3.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
3.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00 2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00 2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50 2.50 3.00
3.00
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
3.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
3.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
3.00
2.50
3.00
2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50 3.00
2.50
3.00
2.50
3.00 3.00 2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
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2.50
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2.50
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2.50
2.50
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2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50

2.50
2.50

ZY

-300.00

-3.00

-2.50

-200.00

2.50

E:...1 GLOBAL FEM- V15.2 -qnr update2 - final qnr - boq - 100% seconda!! steel\02 analyse\160421_3259_sdz_analyse_einzel_lf.cdb

2.50
2.50
2.50

2.50

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 100...103 105 110...112 115 120...122 130 140 141 159...164 166 167 170 171 180...183 185 186
All loads, Loadcase 10 DL1 - catwalks,gantry,gutter , (1 cm 3D = unit) Beam line load (force) in global Z (Unit=11.3 kN/m,Min=-3.00 Max=-2.50
Beam line load (force) on projection in global Z (Unit=11.3 kN/m,Min=-2.50 Max=-2.50
)

2.50

2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50

100.00

2.50

0.00

2.50
2.50

-100.00

2.50
2.50
2.50

2.50
2.50

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 6.06.2016

X * 0.986
Y * 0.871
Z * 0.519

M 1 : 2147

m
-100.00

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

Line load [kN/m]

6
X

-100.00

Sector of system Beam Elements,Truss Elements


All loads, Loadcase 10 DL1 - catwalks,gantry,gutter , (1 cm 3D = unit) Beam line load (force) in global Z (Unit=11.3 kN/m

-200.00

C:\nobr\extern\Al Bayt\160406 GLOBAL FEM- V14.5 - Lastupdate -QNR upda!! - Basis V14.4\02 analyse\160406_3259_sdz_analyse.cdb

ZY

-300.00

-3.50

-2.50

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 8.04.2016

2.50
2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50

2.50
2.50
2.50

2.50
3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50

2.50
2.50
2.50

2.50
2.50
2.50

3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50

2.50
3.50
3.50
3.50

2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50

3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50

3.50
3.50

2.50

0.00

2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50

3.50

3.50
3.50
3.50

3.50
3.50
3.50

3.50

3.50

3.50

3.50
3.50

3.50
3.50

2.50

100.00

2.50

2.50

3.50

2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50

3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50

3.50
3.50
3.50

2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50

3.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50

3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50

2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50

2.50
2.50

3.50
3.50

2.50
2.50
2.50

3.50
3.50

3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50

2.50
2.50

2.50

3.50
3.50
2.50

3.50
3.50
3.50

2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50

3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50

2.50
2.50
2.50

3.50
2.50

3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50

2.50
2.50

2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50

2.50

2.50
2.50

200.00

) (Min=-3.50) (Max=-2.50)

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

2.50

2.50

2.50

Separate Load/m calculations for Drainage Pipes shall be provided.


X * 0.986
Y * 0.871
Z * 0.519

0.00

100.00

M 1 : 2147

-100.00

Line load [kN/m]


Drainage Gutter pipes

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

7
X

-100.00

Sector of system Beam Elements,Truss Elements


All loads, Loadcase 10 DL1 - catwalks,gantry,gutter , (1 cm 3D = unit) Beam line load (force) in global Z (Unit=5.67 kN/m

-200.00

C:\nobr\extern\Al Bayt\160406 GLOBAL FEM- V14.5 - Lastupdate -QNR upda!! - Basis V14.4\02 analyse\160406_3259_sdz_analyse.cdb

ZY

-300.00

-2.00

-1.00

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 8.04.2016

1.00
1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
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1.00

2.00
2.00
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1.00
1.00
1.00
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1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00
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1.00

1.00

0.00

1.00
1.00
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1.00
2.00
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1.00
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2.00
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2.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

2.00
2.00
2.00
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2.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

2.00
2.00
2.00

1.00

1.00
1.00

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
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2.00
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1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

2.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
2.00

1.00
1.00

100.00

1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00

2.00
2.00
2.00

1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00

1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00

200.00

) (Min=-2.00) (Max=-1.00)

1.00

X * 0.986
Y * 0.871
Z * 0.519

-100.00

0.00

100.00

M 1 : 2143

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

1.00

1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

Separate Load/m calculations for Sandtrap louvers shall be provided.

Line load [kN/m]


Sandtrap louvers

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

MEP loads

MEP loads are based on Package 1510 60% MEP Roof, and received sketches. These have been
summarized in the current report below.

Important note
All MEP-equipment which is not related to the catwalks (e.g. AHU, smoke exhaust, speaker ...)
has to be fixed to the primary steel structure in a way that no additional bending on the
structural members occurs. This could be realized in detailing e.g. by means of connections
near to the main system points of the radial trusses.

Lights,

electrical

and

cabling

loads

are

based

on

all

drawings

from

package

1510,

in

particular sections given in drawings


-

Q11017-0100D-GSIC-STA-PK2-CNT-DWG-01500-00109 to 0112

Q11017-0100D-GSIC-STA-PK2-CNT-DWG-01500-00400

and

Considering the additional assumptions given by ME engineers:

Q11017-0100D-GSIC-STA-PK2-LIG-DWG-01500-00109 to 00112
Single sports lighting position (type 1) @ 70kg each + mounting frame/support
Double stacked sports lighting position (type 2) @ 140kg each + mounting frame/support

Manufacturer's Load Data sheets shall be provided for our cross verifications.
Q11017-0100D-GSIC-STA-PK2-LIG-DWG-01500-00113 to 00116
Single spectator floodlight (type 3) @ 70kg each + mounting frame/support
Gantry mounted bulkhead (type ZC and ZC/E) @ 0.5kg each
Note: Please ignore the type 4 luminaires. These are a duplication of type ZC and ZC/E. There
is also an LED strip light that runs the full length on each side of the sports lighting
gantry. We have not indicated as we are still confirming whether it is feasible to include,
however a weight of 5kg/M should be allowed.

Q11017-0100D-GSIC-STA-PK2-ICT-DWG-01500-00109 to 00112
Wireless access points (circle with AP) @ 3.5kg each
Data outlet @ 0.2kg each

Q11017-GSIC-STA-PK2-SEC-DWG-01500-00109
CCTV camera @ 12kg each

Q11017-0100D-GSIC-STA-PK2-SMP-DWG-01500-00109 to 00112
Socket outlet @ 0.3kg each

Q11017-0100D-GSIC-STA-PK2-LPN-DWG-01500-00110
Aircraft warning light @ 5kg each + lightning protection rod @ 10kg each

Q11017-0100D-GSIC-STA-PK2-CNT-DWG-01500-00109 to 00112
At each detail 1 position, a lay-by will be provided containing a distribution board and an
ICT rack @ 400kg

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
At each detail 2 position, a lay-by will be provided containing a distribution board @ 200kg
each
For containment weights along the each gantry section:

200mm walkway lighting @ 30kg/m

300mm essential/ non-essential LV @ 30kg/m

450mm essential/ non-essential LV @ 40kg/m

600mm essential/ non-essential LV @ 60kg /m

900mm essential/ non-essential LV @ 80kg/m

300mm ICT @ 10kg/m

150mm ICT @ 5kg/m

300mm PA/VA/fire alarm @ 6kg/m

150mm PA/VA/fire alarm @ 3kg/m

This results in the following rounded loads per section and catwalk.

An example is given in the following page.

Separate Load/m calculations for electrical equipments and manufacturer's Load Data sheets
shall be provided.

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Drawing Q11017-0100D-GSIC-STA-PK2-CNT-DWG-01500-00400

Sum of loads result to 186,5 kN/m

10

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Drawing Q11017-0100D-GSIC-STA-PK2-CNT-DWG-01500-00109

Applied load 2,00 kN/m along section C

Racks and loudspeaker


Layout of racks and loudspeaker according to planning from MEP-experts (see
sketch below)

Loudspeakers and racks manufacturer's Load Data sheets shall be provided.

11

12
X

-100.00

Sector of system Beam Elements,Truss Elements


All loads, Loadcase 11 MEP , (1 cm 3D = unit) Beam line load (force) in global Z (Unit=8.02 kN/m,Min=-3.00 Max=-0.600
projection in global Z (Unit=8.02 kN/m,Min=-2.00 Max=-2.00
)

-200.00

C:\nobr\extern\Al Bayt\160406 GLOBAL FEM- V14.5 - Lastupdate -QNR upda!! - Basis V14.4\02 analyse\160406_3259_sdz_analyse.cdb

ZY

-300.00

-3.00

-2.00

-1.50

-1.00

-0.60

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 8.04.2016

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
1.00
0.60
1.00
2.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
0.60
2.00
2.00
1.00
1.00
0.60
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
1.00
1.00
0.60
1.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
0.60
1.00
2.00 2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
1.00
2.00
1.00
3.00 3.00
2.00
3.00
2.00
3.00
1.00
3.00
0.60
1.00
1.50
3.00
2.00
3.00
1.00
0.60
1.00
3.00
2.00
2.00
3.00
3.00
1.00
0.60
1.50
1.00
3.00
3.00
1.00
0.60
1.00
1.50
1.00
3.00
3.00
0.60
1.00
1.50
3.00
1.00
0.60
1.50 3.00
1.50
1.00
0.60 3.00
3.00 2.00 2.00
1.00
1.50
1.00
1.50
2.00
0.60 3.00
2.00
3.00
1.50
1.00
1.50
0.60 3.00
1.00
0.60
3.00
1.00
1.50
1.50
3.00
1.00
0.60
1.00
3.00
1.50
1.50
3.00
0.60
1.00
3.00
1.00
1.50
1.50
3.00
1.00
0.60
3.00
1.00
1.50
1.50
3.00
1.00
0.60
1.00
3.00
1.50
3.00
1.50
1.00
0.60
2.00
3.00
0.60
2.00 2.00
1.50
3.00
1.50
1.00
1.00
2.00
0.60
1.00
1.50
3.00 2.00
1.00
0.60
3.00
3.00
1.00
1.50
0.60
1.00
0.60
3.00
3.00
1.50
1.00
1.00
0.60
3.00
0.60
3.00
1.00
1.00
1.50
0.60
3.00
3.00
0.60
2.00
3.00
1.00
2.00 3.00
1.00
0.60
3.00
0.60
2.00
1.00
3.00
1.50 3.00
1.00
0.60
2.00
3.00
2.00
3.00 3.00
1.00
2.00
2.00
1.00
2.00

0.00
100.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

2.00

0.60

2.00
2.00
2.00

1.00

2.00

2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00

0.60
0.60
0.60

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

200.00

), Beam line load (force) on

1.00
1.00

X * 0.986
Y * 0.871
Z * 0.519

0.00

100.00

M 1 : 2140

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

1.00
1.00
1.00

2.00
2.00
1.00
1.00

-100.00

Line load [kN/m]

Manufacturer's Load Data sheets shall be provided for our cross


verifications.

Lights (sport & flood)+ electrical + cabling

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

13

-150.00

-100.00

-50.00

3.00

9.00

9.00

3.00

0.00

3.00

9.00

9.00

3.00

50.00

3.00

9 .00

9 .00

3.00

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 100...103 105 110...112 115 120...122 130 140 141 159...164 166 167 170 171 180...183 185
186 200 210 221...223
All loads, Loadcase 11 MEP , (1 cm 3D = unit) Nodal load (force) vector (Unit=20.0 kN
) (Max=9.00)

-200.00

9 .00
3.00

9 .00

9 .00

9 .00

9 .00

3.00

C:...E\160408_GLOBAL FEM\160406 GLOBAL FEM- V14.5 - Lastupdate -QNR up!!te - Basis V14.4\02 analyse\160406_3259_sdz_analyse.cdb

Y
Z X

3.00

3.15

3.30

3.45

3.60

3.75

3.90

4.05

4.20

4.35

4.50

4.65

4.80

4.95

5.10

5.25

5.40

5.55

5.70

5.85

6.00

6.15

6.30

6.45

6.60

6.75

6.90

7.05

7.20

7.35

7.50

7.65

7.80

7.95

8.10

8.25

8.40

8.55

8.70

9.00
8.85

9.00

3.00

9.00

9.00

9.00

3.00
9.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

M 1 : 1723

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

100.00
50.00
0.00
-50.00

PAVA Racks and loudspeakers

-100.00

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 11.04.2016

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Manufacturer's Load Data sheets shall be provided for our cross verifications.

Point load [kN]

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
AHU and smoke exhausts (only ducts)

Manufacturer's Load Data sheets shall be provided for our cross verifications

14

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
AHU and smoke exhausts (only ducts)

15

0.47

0.47
0.47

0.00

0.11

0.11

0.29

0.30

0.29
0.47

0.30

0.

0.3 0

0.30
0.30

0.22
0.09

0.2
2

30

0.22
0.0
09 9

0.

0.
25
0.
25

6
0.0
0.23

0.23
0.23

100.00

0.23

0.23
0. 0. 2
23 3

0.23

), Beam line load (force)

200.00

100.00
X * 0.986
Y * 0.871
Z * 0.519

M 1 : 2053

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

0.06

16

0 .16
0.0
6

C:...E\160408_GLOBAL FEM\160406 GLOBAL FEM- V14.5 - Lastupdate -QNR up!!te - Basis V14.4\02 analyse\160406_3259_sdz_analyse.cdb

-100.00

0.60

ZY

-200.00

0.60

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 100...103 105 110...112 115 120...122 130 140 141 159...164 166 167 170 171 180...183 185
186 200 210 221 222
All loads, Loadcase 11 MEP , (1 cm 3D = unit) Area element load (force) vector on projection (Unit=2.00 kN/m2,Max=0.470

0.2 9

0.47

0 .16

0.060

0.60

0.4
7

0.60

0.090

0.60

0.60

0.47
0.29
0.47

0.60

0.23
0.23

0.110

0.1

0.60
0.60
0.22

0.150

09
0.
3
2
0.
23
0.
23
0.
0.3 0
0.30
0.30

0.11

1.20

0.160

0.16

0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60 0.60 0.60

0.220

0.60 0.60
0.60
0.60

0.230

0.60

0.60
1.20
0.60
0.60
0.60 1.20
1.20
0.60
1.20
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60

0.23

0.27

0.
0 .2 16
7

0.60
0.60

0.250

0.30

0.60

0.270

0.09

0.60

0.
0
0.0 9
9

0.1
6

0.23

0.23
0.23

0.60

0.290

0.15

0.06
0.
16

0.60

0.300

0.400

0.470

-1.20

-0.60

0.22
0.22

0 .23

0.60

0.16 0.27
0.16

0.27

0.15

0 .2
5
0.40
0.25
0 .40

0.25
0.2 5
0.4
0
0.4
0

0.
27

1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20

0.27

0.16

0.3

0.60

0.
09

0.60
0.60

0.2
2
0.
22
0.30
0.3
0

0.60
0.60

0.40

0.60

27
0.
0.
16
0.
0 . 16
16

0.60

0.60
1.20

0.40

1.20

0.60
0.60
1.20
1.20
0.60 0.60
0.09
0.60
0.60
0.60
1.20
0.60
1.20 1.20
1.20 1.20
1.20 1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20

0.11

0.60
0.60
0.60
01.20
3
0.60
0.
1.20
0.60
470.60 1.20
.
0
1.20
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20

0.30

0.60
0. 25

0.60
0.15
0.2
7

0.16

0.1

0.60
0.
1
5
0.2
5 0
.4
0.
0
2
5
0.27
0.4
0
0.27

0.30

0.60
0.0
6

0.60

0.00

7
0.4
23
0.

1
0.

0 .1
5

0.30

0.1
6

AHU and smoke exhausts (only ducts)

-100.00

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 11.04.2016

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Manufacturer's Load Data sheets shall be provided for our cross verifications

0.15

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Smoke exhausts (equipment) Manufacturer's

Load Data sheets shall be provided for our cross verifications

Point load [kN]

17

18

Y
Z X

7.0

7.2

7.4

7.7

8.0

8.3

8.5

8.8

9.1

9.3

9.6

9.9

10.2

10.4

10.7

11.0

11.3

11.5

11.8

12.1

12.4

12.6

12.9

13.2

13.5

13.7

14.0

14.3

14.6

14.8

15.1

15.4

15.7

15.9

16.2

16.5

16.8

17.0

17.3

18.0
17.6

-150.00

-100.00

9 .00

9 .00

-50.00

18 .00 9. 00

7. 00
14 .00
9. 00
7.00
7 .00
18.0 0
9. 00 9 .00

9. 00 9 .00
18.0 0
7 .00
9. 00
7.00
14 .00
7. 00

18 .00 9. 00

0.00

9.0 0

9.00

18.00 9.0 0
18 .00 9.00

7 .00

7 .00

9.00

9.0 0

14.0 0 7. 00

14.0 0 7. 00

18.00 9.0 0

18 .00 9.00

18 .00

9.00
18.0 0
7.0014 .009.00
7 .00

9 .00

50.00

18 .00 9. 00

9 .00

18 .00

7 .00
14 .00
9.00
14.00 7. 00 7.00 18.0
0
18. 00 9. 00 9.00

14.00 7. 00

18. 00 9. 00

18 .00 9. 00

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 100...103 105 110...112 115 120...122 130 140 141 159...164 166 167 170 171 180...183 185
186 200 210 221...223
All loads, Loadcase 11 MEP , (1 cm 3D = unit) Nodal load (force) vector (Unit=40.0 kN
) (Max=18.0)

-200.00

9.00

9.00

100.00

9. 00

9. 00

150.00

200.00

M 1 : 1723

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

100.00
50.00
0.00
-50.00

Smoke exhausts (equipment) Manufacturer's

-100.00

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 11.04.2016

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Load Data sheets shall be provided for our cross verifications

Point load [kN]

0.5
0
0.
50

0.5 0.50
0

0.5
0

0
0.5
0

0.5

0.50

0.00

0.50

0
0.5

0.5
0

0.5
0

0
0.5

0.50
0.5
0

0
0.5
0
0.5

100.00

0.50

0.5 0 0.50
0
0 .5
0.50
0.50

0.5
0

50

0.5

0.50
0.50 0.50

0.50

50
0.

0 50
0.5 0.
50
0.
0
0.50 0.5

19

0.50

0.50

0.5
0

0.50

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 100...103 105 110...112 115 120...122 130 140 141 159...164 166 167 170 171 180...183 185
186 200 210 221...223
Area element load, Loadcase 11 MEP , (1 cm 3D = unit) (force) vector (Unit=2.00 kN/m2
) (Max=0.500)

-100.00

50
0.
0.5
0

0.50

0.50

0.
50

0.50

200.00

100.00
X * 0.986
Y * 0.871
Z * 0.519

M 1 : 2053

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

0.50
0
0. .50
50
0. 0.5 50
0

0.5

-200.00

0.
50
0.
50 0.50
0.5 0.50
0

0. 50
0.50
0.50

50

ZY

0.500

0.50
0.5
0

0.50

0.
50

0.50

0
0.5

50
0.

0.5
0
0.
50

0.
50

0.
50

0.50

0.50

0.50

0.
0. 50
50

0.50

0.
0

0.50

0.
50

0.
0.5 50
0
0

0.50
.50

0.50
0.50

0.5

0.

0.00

0.5
0

Sprinklers

-100.00

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 11.04.2016

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Area load [kN/m]

Manufacturer's Load Data sheets shall be provided for our cross verifications

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Drainage - Water Manufacturer's Load Data sheets shall be provided for our cross verifications

X * 0.986
Y * 0.871
Z * 0.519

100.00

3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00

8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00

3.00
3.00
3.00

3.00

3.00
3.00

8.00
8.00
8.00
3.00

3.00

3.00
3.00
3.00

8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
3.00
3.00

3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00

3.00

3.00
3.00
3.00

-300.00

-8.00

-3.00

-200.00

3.00

) (Min=-8.00) (Max=-3.00)

Note
Drainage design according to MEP consultants is based on half filled gutters and pipes.

20

C:...E\160408_GLOBAL FEM\160406 GLOBAL FEM- V14.5 - Lastupdate -QNR up!!te - Basis V14.4\02 analyse\160406_3259_sdz_analyse.cdb

3.00
3.00

3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00

8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00

8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00

3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00

ZY

3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00

3.00
8.00 3.00
3.00
8.00
3.00
8.00
3.00
3.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
3.00
8.00
3.00
8.00
8.00
3.00
8.00
3.00
3.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
3.00
8.00
8.00
3.00
8.00
8.00
3.00
8.00
3.00
8.00
8.00
8.00
3.00
8.00
8.00
3.00
8.00
8.00
3.00
8.00
8.00
3.00
8.00

100.00

3.00
3.00

3.00

0.00

3.00
3.00

3.00

-100.00

3.00
3.00

3.00

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 100...103 105 110...112 115 120...122 130 140 141 159...164 166 167 170 171 180...183 185
186 200 210 221...223
All loads, Loadcase 80 Water , (1 cm 3D = unit) Beam line load (force) in global Z (Unit=20.0 kN/m

3.00
3.00
3.00

3.00
3.00
3.00

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 11.04.2016

M 1 : 2150

0.00

200.00

-100.00

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

Line load [kN/m]

21

-150.00

-100.00

5.00

5.00

5.00
5.00

5.00
5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

-50.00

5.00

5.00
5.00

5.00
5.00

5.00

0.00

5.00

5.00

5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00

5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00
5.00

5.00
5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

50.00

5.00

5.00

100.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

150.00

200.00

M 1 : 1723

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

5.00

5.00

5.00
5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00
5.00

5.00

5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00

5.00

5.00

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 100...103 105 110...112 115 120...122 130 140 141 159...164 166 167 170 171 180...183 185
186 200 210 221...223
All loads, Loadcase 81 Event load , (1 cm 3D = unit) Nodal load (force) vector (Unit=20.0 kN
) (Max=5.00)

-200.00

5.00
5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

C:...E\160408_GLOBAL FEM\160406 GLOBAL FEM- V14.5 - Lastupdate -QNR up!!te - Basis V14.4\02 analyse\160406_3259_sdz_analyse.cdb

Y
Z X

5.0

5.3

5.5

5.8

6.0

6.3

6.5

6.8

7.0

7.3

7.5

7.8

8.0

8.3

8.5

8.8

9.0

9.3

9.5

9.8

10.0

10.3

10.5

10.8

11.0

11.3

11.5

11.8

12.0

12.3

12.5

12.8

13.0

13.3

13.5

13.8

14.0

14.3

14.5

15.0
14.8

100.00
50.00
0.00
-50.00

Event loads

-100.00

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 11.04.2016

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

What are Event loads? Manufacturer's Load Data sheets shall be provided if applicable.

Point load [kN]

Note
The event loadings according to drawing Q11017-0100D-GSIC-TNT-PK2-STS-DWG-01500-00140-D0.1
have been applied.

Y
Z X

70.0

70.3

70.5

70.8

71.0

71.3

71.5

71.8

72.0

72.3

72.5

72.8

73.0

73.3

73.5

73.8

74.0

74.3

74.5

74.8

75.0

75.3

75.5

75.8

76.0

76.3

76.5

76.8

77.0

77.3

77.5

77.8

78.0

78.3

78.5

78.8

79.0

79.3

79.5

80.0
79.8

-150.00

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 100...103 105 110...112 115 120...122 130 140 141 159...164 166 167 170 171 180...183 185
186 200 210 221...223
All loads, Loadcase 13 Videowall , (1 cm 3D = unit) Nodal load (force) vector (Unit=200.0 kN
) (Max=70.0)

-200.00

70.00

70.00

70.00

70.00

100.00

70.00

70.00

70.00

70.00

150.00

200.00

M 1 : 1723

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

100.00
50.00
0.00
-50.00
-100.00

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 11.04.2016

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Video Wall Manufacturer's Load Data sheets shall be provided for our cross verifications

Point load [kN]

Note

Due to symmetry of the analysis within the FE-model the video wall loadings are applied at all

four corners.

22

ZY

0.200

-100.00

0.00

0.20

0. 2
0
0.20

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 100...103 105 110...112 115 120...122 130 140 141 159...164 166 167 170 171 180...183 185
186 200 210 221...223
Area element load, Loadcase 14 ETFE , (1 cm 3D = unit) (force) vector (Unit=0.400 kN/m2
) (Max=0.200)

-200.00

0.20

0.2

0.
20

100.00

0.20

200.00

23

X * 0.986
Y * 0.871
Z * 0.519

M 1 : 2053

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

100.00
0.00
-100.00

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 11.04.2016

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

EFTE

Area load [kN/m]

0.20

5.00
5.00

5.00

5.00
5.00

5.00
5.00

5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00

5.00
5.00

5.00

5.00
5.00
5.00

5.00
5.00

5.00
5.00

5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00

24

100.00

) (Min=-5.00) (Max=-5.00)

5.00
5.00
5.00

E:...1 GLOBAL FEM- V15.2 -qnr update2 - final qnr - boq - 100% seconda!! steel\02 analyse\160421_3259_sdz_analyse_einzel_lf.cdb

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 100...103 105 110...112 115 120...122 130 140 141 159...164 166 167 170 171 180...183 185
186 200 210 221...223
All loads, Loadcase 12 Rail , (1 cm 3D = unit) Beam line load (force) in global Z (Unit=20.0 kN/m

0.00

5.00

-100.00

5.00

ZY

-200.00

5.00
5.00
5.00
5.00

-5.00

5.00

200.00

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schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

100.00
0.00
-100.00

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 6.06.2016

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Rail loads (for retractable inner roof)

Line load [kN/m]

5.00

5.00

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

1.2

Roof Live Load / Sand Load

BS EN 1991-1-1:2002 NA defines the roof live loads as following:

The assumed roof live load of 0,6 kN/m.


Note: roof live loads will not be superimposed with wind loads.

For superposition with wind pressure loadcase 30 kg/m sand load are
considered.

Live loads on catwalks will be taken into account with 1,0 kN/m

25

0.6
0

0.

60
0.

60

0. 60

-100.00

0.6
0

0.60

0.6
0
0.6
0

0.60

0.6
0

0.00

0.60

0
0.60 .6 0
0. 60

0
0.6

60
0.
0.60

26

C:\nobr\extern\Al Bayt\160406 GLOBAL FEM- V14.5 - Lastupdate -QNR upda!! - Basis V14.4\02 analyse\160406_3259_sdz_analyse.cdb

0.6
0

0.60

0.60
0.6 0

0.6
0

0.60

0.60

6 0 0.60
0.

0.60

0.60

Sector of system Beam Elements,Truss Elements,Quadrilateral Elements


All loads, Loadcase 60 SAND main roof-outer , (1 cm 3D = unit) Area element load (force) vector on projection (Unit=2.00 kN/m2

0.6
0

0.60

0.60

0.60
0.
60

60
0.

100.00

0. 60

0.6

0.6

0 .60

-200.00

0.60

0.60

0.60

0
0.6
0
0.60

0.6
0

0.
6

0.60

0.60

0.6
0

0.60

0.60
0.60

200.00

) (Max=0.600)

0. 60

ZY

0.600

0.6

0.6

0.6 0

0.60

0.6

0.60

0.60
0.6
0

0.6
0
0. 60

0.60

0 .6

0.6 0

0. 60

0
0. 60
0.6

0.60

0.
60

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.60
0. 60

0.6

0.60

60
0.
0. 6
0

100.00

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0.6
0

0.60

0.00

Loadcase 60 sand

-100.00

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 8.04.2016

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

- outer main roof

area load [kN/m]

-100.00

0. 60

0.60

0.6
0

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.00

0.60 0.6

Sector of system Beam Elements,Truss Elements,Quadrilateral Elements


All loads, Loadcase 61 SAND main roof-inner , (1 cm 3D = unit) Area element load (force) vector on projection (Unit=2.00 kN/m2

0.60

60

0.6 0

C:\nobr\extern\Al Bayt\160406 GLOBAL FEM- V14.5 - Lastupdate -QNR upda!! - Basis V14.4\02 analyse\160406_3259_sdz_analyse.cdb

-200.00

0.

0.60

0.
60

0
0.6
0.60

0.60

0.60

0.60

0.60

60
0.

0 .6 0

0.
60

0.60

60
0.

ZY

0.600

60
0.

0.60

0.60
0.60

0.6
0

0
0.6

0.60

100.00

0.60

0.60

0.60
0.60

0.60

60
0.

60

0
0.6

0. 60
0.

) (Max=0.600)

200.00

27

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100.00
0.00

Loadcase 61 sand

-100.00

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 8.04.2016

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

- inner main roof

area load [kN/m]

-100.00

0.3
0

0.30

0.00

Sector of system Beam Elements,Truss Elements,Quadrilateral Elements


All loads, Loadcase 73 SAND inner roof closed , (1 cm 3D = unit) Area element load (force) vector on projection (Unit=0.800 kN/m2

-200.00

0.30

C:\nobr\extern\Al Bayt\160406 GLOBAL FEM- V14.5 - Lastupdate -QNR upda!! - Basis V14.4\02 analyse\160406_3259_sdz_analyse.cdb

ZY

0.300

0.30

0.3
0

0.30

0.30

100.00

) (Max=0.300)

200.00

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100.00
0.00

Loadcase 73 sand

-100.00

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 8.04.2016

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

area load [kN/m]

- inner roof closed

28

0.3
0
0.30

-200.00

-100.00

0.30
0.30
0.3
0

0.00

Sector of system Beam Elements,Truss Elements,Quadrilateral Elements


All loads, Loadcase 74 SAND inner roof opened , (1 cm 3D = unit) Area element load (force) vector on projection (Unit=0.800 kN/m2

0.30
0.30
0.30

C:\nobr\extern\Al Bayt\160406 GLOBAL FEM- V14.5 - Lastupdate -QNR upda!! - Basis V14.4\02 analyse\160406_3259_sdz_analyse.cdb

ZY

0.300

0.30

0.30

100.00

) (Max=0.300)

200.00

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WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 8.04.2016

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Loadcase 74 sand inner roof opened I

area load [kN/m]

29

0.3
0
0.30
0.30

-100.00

0.3
0
0. 3
0
0 .3
0

0.30

0.00

Sector of system Beam Elements,Truss Elements,Quadrilateral Elements


All loads, Loadcase 75 SAND inner roof opened II , (1 cm 3D = unit) Area element load (force) vector on projection (Unit=0.800 kN/m2

-200.00

0.30

0 .3
0
0 .3
0
0. 3
0

C:\nobr\extern\Al Bayt\160406 GLOBAL FEM- V14.5 - Lastupdate -QNR upda!! - Basis V14.4\02 analyse\160406_3259_sdz_analyse.cdb

ZY

0.300

0.30

100.00

) (Max=0.300)

200.00

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schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

100.00
0.00
-100.00

WinGraf (V 17.13-30) 8.04.2016

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Loadcase 75 sand inner roof opened II

area load [kN/m]

30

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

1.3

Temperature

The site temperature conditions are given in QCS 2014:

Maximum ambient temperature


Minimum ambient temperature
Design ambient temperature
Maximum metal temperature under the sun

50C
5C
50C
80C

In general a maximum temperature of 80C will be considered for structural


steel components directly exposed to sunlight including steel structure and
concrete terracing units.
Therefore the following temperature loading conditions will be considered in
design assuming a setting out temperature of 30C for the roof and upper tier
steel:
Positive Temperature Range: T = 80C - 30C = +50 C
Negative Temperature Range: T = 30C - 5C = -25 C
The temperature loads are applied to all steel members of the structure, as
shown below.

Note
The radial trusses form a closed void covered by an external membrane
(PTFE/glass) and the lower liner membrane (PVC/PES). The membranes form a air
separation and the air temperature inside the void can be assumed to be
relatively constant so that a uniform temperature change of the steel structure
has been applied.

31

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Temperature load dt= +50 K

Temperature load dt= -25 K

32

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

1.4

Wind

1.4.1

General information about considered wind loads

The

wind

loads

acting

on

the

roof

structure

of

Al

Bayt

were

determined

according to a wind tunnel test performed by Wacker Ingenieure. Following cases


are analysed:
-

roof open I - retractable roof parked in the north and south

roof open II retractable roof parked completely in the north

roof closed closed state

The design wind speed at the site is chosen from QCS 2014 (Qatar Construction
Specifications). The 10 minute mean wind speed (at 10m height above ground in
open terrain) with a 50 year return period at site (equivalent to the basic
wind speed

as described in BS EN 1991-1-4) is given by:

, ,

= 27 /

The wind loads are given as exterior wind loads for all surfaces (necessary for
the design of steel trusses). But as a consequence, at some areas, the overall
vertical wind loads will amount to nearby zero. Hence, for the design of the
cantilever a minimum overall vertical wind loads of +/-0,35 kN/m 2 will be
considered.
The outer circuit can be regarded as an enclosed volume. Due to possible
leakages it is our recommendation to consider a wind induced internal pressure
of:

Check wind loadings against the Wind Tunnel Model results.


This

internal

pressure

was

superimposed

to

the

given

wind

loads

in

an

unfavourable manner.
In addition to the wind load pattern given for the closed retractable roof,
also an overall bet pressure load case of +0,30 kN/m2 in the area of the
retractable roof are considered.
For

the

facade

areas

friction

forces

(including

differences caused by the wavy structure) of


roof areas friction forces of

= 0,015

the

impact

= 0,03

of

pressure

and for the

are considered.

33

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

1.4.2

Wind load constellations

The loads derived from the wind tunnel test are illustrated on the following
figures. Safety factors are not included on these images.

Are the loads applied in the FEM model as shown in the


Maps below?

Further explanation required for Lower membrane load


consideration of - 0.1kN/m2 in the design.

34

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

35

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

36

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Further explanation required for Lower membrane load


consideration of - 0.15kN/m2 in the design.

37

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Further explanation required for Lower membrane load


consideration of - 0.6 kN/m2 in the design.

38

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

39

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

40

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

41

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

42

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

43

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

44

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

45

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

46

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

47

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Check values applied in the model as per the Wind Tunnel Model.

48

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

1.5

Seismic Loads

Note
The ground seismic parameters are chosen according to the design parameters
of the project (package 102) as well as according to the Geotechnical
Interpretative Report (package 116).

49

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

50

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Elastic reponse spectrum - soil type A


1.60
1.40

accerlation [m/s]

1.20

spectrum type 1
spectrum type 2

1.00
0.80
0.60
0.40
0.20
0.00
0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

periode [s]

Behaviour factor
The steel structure of the roof is clasified within concept a) acoording to EN
1998-1 as a structure with low dissipative structural behavior (DCL). The
recommended lower limit for the behavior factor of 1.5 has been considered
within seismic analysis (see table 6.1 of EN 1998-1).

51

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Eigenfrequency of roof structure
In the following pictures the first eigenfrequency of each roof sector is
shown.

Horizontal Eigenfrequencies tangential

1. eigenfrequency - roof sector longside


0,38 Hz (-> T = 2,6 s)

1. eigenfrequency - roof sector shortside


0,58 Hz (-> T = 1,7 s)

52

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

1. eigenfrequency - roof sector corner


1,05 Hz (-> T = 1,0 s)

53

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Horizontal Eigenfrequencies radial

1. eigenfrequency - roof sector longside


0,86 Hz (-> T = 1,2 s)

1. eigenfrequency - roof sector shortside


1,17 Hz (-> T = 0,9 s)

54

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

1. eigenfrequency - roof sector corner


1,58 Hz (-> T = 0,6 s)

55

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Vertical Eigenfrequencies

1. eigenfrequency - roof sector longside


0,72 Hz (-> T = 1,4 s)

1. eigenfrequency - roof sector shortside


0,99 Hz (-> T = 1,0 s)

56

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
1. eigenfrequency - roof sector corner
1,18 Hz (-> T = 0,8 s)

57

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Choice of spectrum type
In the following graph the first horizontal eigenperoid of all roof sectors are
marked.
In all cases the response spectrum type 1 is resulting in higher accelerations.
Therefore within the earthquake analysis the spectrum type 1 will be applied

Elastic reponse spectrum - soil type A


1.60
1.40

accerlation [m/s]

1.20

spectrum type 1
spectrum type 2

1.00
0.80

Roof sector corner


0.60

Roof sector shortside


0.40

Roof sector longside


0.20
0.00
0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

periode [s]

58

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

1.6

Driving of inner roof

There are two parking position of the inner retractable roof.


1. Roof parked in North and South

2. Roof parked in North

In order to move the inner roof from the parking position 1 to 2 the south part
of the inner roof has to drive north. In the following images the related load
cases are shown.
The load resulting by the driving roof is calculated based on the fact that the
roof in parked position has a dead load of g=3.6 kN/m. The line load is
calculated as
Justification required for the retractable roof loadings.
3.6 kN/m*94m/2=169 kN/m
This line load is applied on a length of l=20 m.(length inner roof in parked
position).
Check with retractable roof manufacturer's requirements for the length of retractable roof when

parked.

59

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Loadcase 150 Roof Movement in -X
lineload 169 kN/m

Length of load
applied?
100.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

50.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-200.00

-150.00

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

60

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Loadcase 151 Roof Movement in -X
lineload 169 kN/m

100.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

50.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-200.00

-150.00

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

61

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Loadcase 152 Roof Movement in -X
lineload 169 kN/m

100.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

50.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-200.00

-150.00

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

62

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Loadcase 153 Roof Movement in -X
lineload 169 kN/m

100.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

50.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-200.00

-150.00

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

63

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Loadcase 154 Roof Movement in -X
lineload 169 kN/m

100.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

50.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-200.00

-150.00

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

64

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Loadcase 155 Roof Movement in -X
lineload 169 kN/m

100.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

50.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-200.00

-150.00

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

65

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Loadcase 156 Roof Movement in -X
lineload 169 kN/m

100.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

168.8

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-200.00

-150.00

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

66

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Loadcase 157 Roof Movement in -X
lineload 169 kN/m

100.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-200.00

-150.00

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

67

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

100.00

Loadcase 158 Roof Movement in -X


lineload 169 kN/m

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-200.00

-150.00

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

68

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

100.00

Loadcase 159 Roof Movement in -X


lineload 169 kN/m

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-200.00

-150.00

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

69

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

100.00

Loadcase 160 Roof Movement in -X


lineload 169 kN/m

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-200.00

-150.00

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

70

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

100.00

Loadcase 161 Roof Movement in -X


lineload 169 kN/m

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-200.00

-150.00

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

71

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Loadcase 162 Roof Movement in -X
lineload 169 kN/m

100.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8
168.8

-200.00

-150.00

-100.00

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

150.00

200.00

72

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

1.7

Normative Load Combination Code

Load combinations for both service and ultimate limit states are based on BS EN
1990.
The

table

containing

all

specified

load

combinations

for

the

tent

structure is shown in annex 1.

Roof access and maintenance loadings and man-safe requirements??

73

roof

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Structural System

2.1

Description of the Structural System

The structural principle behind the roof and faade structures is based on 72
cantilevering radial trusses which support roof and faade cladding both
outer and inner- as well as the full technical equipment. These are stabilized
out of their planes by a set of purlins and braced bays. In general each radial
roof truss is supported on axis Hn on top of the concrete structure with a
steel pendulum column as well as at the outer end in axis R.

The radial trusses are simply supported on the faade perimeter and on the
columns located along axis Hn, the rest is cantilevering off towards the field.
Due to varying geometry along the perimeter, the cantilever varies between 40m
and 60m, whereas the back part spans between 25m and 75m. All elements are
straight (not curved).
The geometry of the upper and lower chords of the radial trusses match the
outer and inner (liner) membrane shape: the cladding is directly clamped on the
upper and lower chords, respectively. Similarly, the outer faade membrane is
clamped onto the outer chords of the radial trusses.
Vertical forces acting downwards on the radial trusses result in a compression
support force in axis HN and a tension force at the outer end. The overall
bending moment due to the force eccentricity is balanced by a pair of vertical
forces (concept in red in below sketch).

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Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Horizontal forces acting on the faade are transferred to the outer support.
The resulting global bending moment is balanced by a pair of vertical forces.

Vertical loads from the roof are transferred to the concrete structure by the
outer columns along the faade (as seen above), and inner columns which are
located at the intersection between the radial structural grid and axis Hn. The
top and bottom pin connection allows the roof to accommodate the concrete
horizontal movements.
Details of upper and lower purlin connection among the radial trusses can be
visualized as follows.

75

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

In order to minimize constraining forces on the roof structure mainly due to


temperature variation, expansion joints were added according to the figure
below. By adding the expansion joints, the roof structure was then subdivided
into 8 sections.

Bracings are adequate for the


corner bays?

Further explanation required for the proposed roof plan bracings.

76

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
In each of the 8 sections of the roof structure, horizontal (roof) and vertical
(facade)

bracing

systems

were

added

in

order

to

stabilize

the

structure

concerning horizontal loading as wind loads. The vertical bracing also provides
torsion stability for each roof block. The plan view for the bracing system of
the outer roof can be observed on the figure below.

At both entrances, the radial trusses are connected to the entrance truss, as
shown below.
The entrances, which need to accommodate the main glazed faade and the access
bridges, marks a singularity within the roof and faade structure.

It is resolved by introducing a stiff portal frame around the entrance (see


above), which provides horizontal stiffness to the block, as well as vertical
support for the corresponding radial trusses which otherwise would lack of back

77

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
support. The entrance frame is braced back horizontally to the lower and
vertical bracing.

Radial trusses at VIP entrance are supported on the Hn inner columns and the
portal frame.

78

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

2.1.1

Hinge conditions / constraints in global FE-model

Radial trusses
Within FE-model the upper and lower chords of the radial trusses are modelled
as continuous beam elements (bending stiff). Diagonals are modelled as truss
elements (full hinged connections at both ends). Posts are model in plane of
the truss hinged and out of plane as bending rigid in order to balance
eccentricity moments from membrane.

Support of radial trusses at facade


The outer roof supporting columns are constrained in X, Y and Z direction. This
is realised by a pure pin connection.

Principle sketch of outer support detail

79

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Steel column in axis Hn


The pendulum columns in axis Hn are pure truss columns with a hinged connection
at the bottom and at the top.

Principle sketch of support detail axis Hn

Purlins and bracings


All purlins and bracings are fully hinged connected to the radial trusses.
A pin connection will be adopted for this connection.
Purlins at the roof movement joint are modelled in FE with an additional normal
force hinge. For the connection detail a slotted hole connection will be
performed.
Is slotted hole in purlins will allow movement safely??

Slotted hole connection a movement joint

80

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Inner tangential truss
Since the upper chord of the inner tangential truss on the long side is
supporting the inner roof trolleys this structural element is modelled as
continuous beam elements without any joint over full length of 160m (bending
stiff). The end parts of this beam is disconnected from the corner sectors by
means of spherical sliding bearings (see screenshot below). Sliding direction
of the bearings is along the beam axis, perpendicular to sliding direction the
bearing is fixed. Vertical bearing has to work in tension and compression.
Please see also drawing of inner tangential truss in package #1504 (drawing
Q11017-0100D-GSIC-TNT-PK2-STS-DWG-01500-00222-D0.1)
All other chords of the inner tangential truss are modelled in truss plane as
continuously bending stiff and out of plane at the radial truss connection as
hinged. Connection detail at radial truss will be performed as bolted lug plate
connection.
Diagonals of inner tangential truss are modelled as truss elements (full hinged
connections at both ends).
Posts of inner tangential truss are model in plane of the truss hinged and out
of plane as bending rigid in order to balance eccentricity moments from
membrane and inner roof horizontal forces.
However, how the 160m long Inner tangential truss fabricated without joints and how it will be erected ?
Hinges conditions at main roof joints

Upper chord of inner tangential truss (yellow circle):


Beam is continuous modelled (rigid) as described before. The connection of the
beam to the radial truss is modelled with following hinge conditions:
- moment hinge in all directions (MXMYMZ)
- shear force hinge along beam axis.
That means the bearing below the blue beam has to transfer follwing forces:
- vertical forces (up and down)
- horizontal forces perpendicular to the beam
Main roof joints (red circles):
Connection of joint is modelled fully hinged regarding moments.
regarding forces a normal force hinge (in direction of the purlin) has been
applied.

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Secondary steel structure 100%
VVIP-entrance
Inner post
Outer post

Radial arc
Vertical arc

Main arc

Link beam

Main column

The main arc and the main columns of the VVIP-entrance are modelled with
continuous beam elements without any hinges.
The radial and vertical small arcs of the VVIP-entrance are connected with full
moment hinges to the VVIP-main arc, VVIP-posts and the radial trusses /
purlins.
The VVIP-posts are connected to the radial trusses with a moment hinge in plane
of the radial truss. Out of plane of the radial trusses the VVIP-posts are
connected rigidly in order to stabilize the radial arcs.
The link beam to the radial truss at the upper point of the VVIP main column is
connected at both ends with full moment hinges.

82

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

2.1.2

Inner retractable roof in global FE-model

The inner retractable roof is modeled by means of area elements. Each area
element corresponds to one bay of the inner retractable roof so that 2x8=16
area elements are representing the inner roof within the global model.
Due to the support conditions (sliding bearing on the east side) the inner
retractable roof will not contribute to the global structural behavior of the
main roof regarding stiffness. Therefore, the area elements within the global
FE-model do not have any stiffness and are transferring only the loadings (e.g.
deadload, wind, sand) of the inner retractable roof to the upper chord of the
inner tangential truss of the main roof structure.

2x8=16 area elements


of the inner roof

This modeling covers the main effects of the inner roof on the main roof.
Further effects, which have to be considered separately, are analysed and
summarized in chapter Fehler! Verweisquelle konnte nicht gefunden werden..
This concerns the effects regarding the horizontal forces in global y-direction
since in this direction horizontal forces from inner roof are transferred to
the main roof only on the west side (west side fixed bearing, east side with
horizontal sliding bearing). For more information of support condition, see
package #1509 (100% inner retractable roof).

83

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

2.2

Cross-Sections

For the cross section of the secondary roof structure, steel tubes were
designed. Tubes diameter was selected from a range of 355,6 mm to 813 mm.
Thickness also varies from 10 mm to 45 mm. Steel grades are s355 and s460 for
special cases when required by acting loads.

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Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

2.3

Workflow analysis and sizing

In the following diagram, the workflow is shown for all steps of the analyses
and the sizing of the roof structure.

ANALYSIS AND SIZING OF MAIN ROOF STRUCTURE

What are additional forces?


critical loadcases

I. GLOBAL ANALYSIS
SLS / ULS analysis
(chapter 3.1+3.2)

II. ADDITIONAL EFFECTS

Seismic analysis
(chapter 5)

Analysis of additional effects (SLS)


(chapter 3.3)

Analysis Th2

RESULTS SLS

Analysis Th2

Safety factors

III. GLOBAL IMPERFECTION ANALYSIS


Sway imperfections
(chapter 4.2)

Global imperfections
(chapter 4.3 )

Analysis Th2

RESULTS ULS
Critical ULS-Loadcases + Imperfection
Substraction of
results from critical
loadcases without
imperfection

RESULTS ULS

RESULTS ULS

RESULTS ULS

from global analysis

from additional effects

from imperfection only

COMBINATION OF RESULTS (SUPERPOSITION)

DESIGN OF CROSS SECTIONS

- Check of stresses
- Check of local buckling (acc. to BS EN 1993-1-1 6.3.3)

CROSS SECTION UPDATE IN FE-MODELLS

85

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Analysis Results

All analyses have been performed with the FE-programs from SOFISTIK.
Member design has been carried out using Excel.

Sign conventions
The sign conventions of the FE-program SOFISTIK are shown in sketch below.
Internal forces and moments of the beams are positive, when they act at the
positive section in the positive direction (e.g. tension +, compression -).

SOFISTIK sign convention

86

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.1

Reaction Forces

The envelope of reaction forces is illustrated on the following figures.


All forces are shown at ultimate limit state (ULS)
WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

5
295
9
2
113 963 967 111

7
9
102 114

0
104

752

389

99

87

41

59

62

71

85

275
70 41

49

36

5
181
40

36

586

162

505

43

24
36
15

251

21
32

190
32
36

94
39
492

22

25

25

21
984

21
680

15

15

33

33

44

44

38

38

38

216
306

480

18

120
39
476
300
290
371

484
913

-100.00

686

0
108 21
30

911

286
23

16
9
171
14

505

251

38
16

407

282

24

239

9
216 90

294

13
23

24

152

Z Y
X

71

0.00

329

36

86

2
115

13

27

14 33

8
991 134

-50.00

40
0
146

35

28

31

33

2
4
2
6
107 102 103 111

37

0
5 2
31 1

4
153

0.00

13

2
2 158
132 101 1

50.00

618

19

460
994

9
240
902

150.00

516

3
42 7
48

-50.00

8
220

50.00

255

-100.00

2
104

832

8
131

5
150

100.00

389

1
153

-150.00

8
249
324
9
34 1
114 10

405

100.00

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 95 96 100...103


105...107 110...112 115...117 120...122 130 131 140 141 158...167 170 171
180...183 185 186 189 242 250...256
Nodes , Support force in global X, Loadcase 8200 MAX-PX KNOT , 1 cm 3D = 2000.
kN
(Min=-0.336) (Max=2955.) (total: 69236.)

M 1 : 1542

c:\nobr\extern\al bayt\160707 update 2 report bilder_100% primarysteel!!60706_3259_sdz_analyse_uls_m

Horizontal reaction forces in global X-direction max values [kN]

Which load combination is governed ( similar comment applicable through out).

87

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

4
102

0
3 00 1366
116 1

8
292
661
35

643

13

3
14 3
27

2
151
40

0 25
9
7
111 10 105 111
35

28

31

33

4
12
4
134 10
116

4
153
37

31 15

20

13

296

348
25

477

6
178
22

34

315
5250
5

95
7
225

23

22

375

405

522

18 19
11

773

995

913

261
172

34

29

28

23

23

236
440

121

0.00

135

844

8
104
24

13

14

229

16
13

238

189
225

28
0
2
32

450

281

17
12

28
21

259

33

525

251

36
32

5
206

34

36

38 56

70

269

59

47

47

59

70

9
8 3
58 3

35

382

37
179

528

271
56

97
390

835

0
106

118

103

4
4
133

8
157

9 962 967 137


113
1

2
152

27 1131
0 10
133

9
105

783

390
3
231

1
295

-100.00

-50.00

50.00

11

100.00

232

11

0.00

50.00

150.00

37
3
3

Z Y
X

-150.00

995

-100.00

405
92

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-50.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

100.00

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 95 96 100...103


105...107 110...112 115...117 120...122 130 131 140 141 158...167 170 171
180...183 185 186 189 242 250...256
Nodes , Support force in global X, Loadcase 8201 MIN-PX KNOT , 1 cm 3D = 2000.
kN
(Min=-2951.) (Max=0.342) (total: -70231.)

M 1 : 1542

Horizontal reaction forces in global X-direction min values [kN]

88

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

481

266

421

157

101

34

13

15

36

104

160

261

429

415

224

626

466

495

48

256

0
352
30025

320
358
329

125

124
197

218

9
57 523

213

79

142
148

44

204

84

189

51

97

50

577

40

39
5

153

30
38

20

30

Z Y
X

453
3
66

11 10

9
252

204

151

480

776
393

63 464

-150.00

120

24

438
1

174

4
1524
2

546

423

656
495

14
26
13

50
36

62

73
41

105

116

66

120

125

13
35
14
70

132

3
217
192

44

44
93

726

0.00

133

28
9
155

50.00

137

24

8
100
46
39
57

957
116

23

886

345

2
11 1
40

-50.00

542
104

488

-100.00

441

266

160

-50.00

108

34

11

16

-100.00

63 460

100.00

32

99

0.00

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 95 96 100...103


105...107 110...112 115...117 120...122 130 131 140 141 158...167 170 171
180...183 185 186 189 242 250...256
Nodes , Support force in global Y, Loadcase 8202 MAX-PY KNOT , 1 cm 3D = 5000.
kN
(Min=-0.215) (Max=5779.) (total: 84680.)

157

50.00

257

437

473

542

66 94
25

100.00

150.00

387

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-150.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

M 1 : 1612

Horizontal reaction forces in global y-direction max values [kN]

89

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

435

489

253

163

100

35

15

15

37

103

164

264

420

411

481

585

707
2
52
593

134
135

116

32
7
159
39

133

42
52

38

172

48

171

41
42

131
106

49

177

8 37

185

29

100

28
10

7
175 6
1

968

15

16

814

13

10

480

4
1 3
11 1

21

35

389
186

3
183
116

42
950

101
106

557
427

547

414

-100.00

Z Y
X

401

333
365

586
279

362
350

72

15

247

38
39
35

11
12

228

84

138

36
36

42

614

522
734

155

21

10
48

2
258

201

29

19
860

13
23

208

558

0.00

152

25

11 11

-100.00

479

13

-50.00

16

100.00

2
15

195

466

104
124

442

63

426

253

161

-50.00

100

36

15

16

0.00

38

103

-150.00

614

50.00

4
304 71

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

162

50.00

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 95 96 100...103


105...107 110...112 115...117 120...122 130 131 140 141 158...167 170 171
180...183 185 186 189 242 250...256
Nodes , Support force in global Y, Loadcase 8203 MIN-PY KNOT , 1 cm 3D = 5000.
kN
(Min=-6148.) (Max=0.324) (total: -92929.)

263

416

489

429

63

365

100.00

150.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

M 1 : 1590

Horizontal reaction forces in global y-direction min values [kN]

90

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

228

181

5
781

9
243

6
6
121 874 957 115

172

149

9
622

652

5
7
2
7
550 576 636 550

653

183

133

228

206

111
4
171
694

26

9
1
217
1
4
129

477

43

137

52

187

35

186

633

149

209

306

186

44
117
89
130

304

36
128

992

994
213
101

184

188

250
188
445

0
006

55
106
4
648 1
842 2
113 808
0
7
109 6219

234

127

2
140
2
757
969

215

35

9
840
645

4
5
8
1
544 571 636 549

653

156

16

91

187

470

-100.00

431

410

6
224

462

187

156

-50.00

204

7
0
1
8
146 117 128 125

799
215

105

234

9
779

250

180

0.00

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 95 96 100...103


105...107 110...112 115...117 120...122 130 131 140 141 158...167 170 171
180...183 185 186 189 242 250...256
Nodes , Support force in global Z, Loadcase 8204 MAX-PZ KNOT , 1 cm 3D =
1.2625e+05 kN
(Min=-436.9) (Max=20952.) (total: 7.3921e+05)

151

50.00

2 1862 1

353

6
224

783

970

215
9
754
8
0
13
690

437

183

223

0 1958 2

Z Y
X

25

9
716

60
117
72
130

12

104

154

243

73

184

185

250

98

53

313

8 1961 484
1
187

8
620 1114 33
84 44
11 13
97
9
657
54
143
959
5
966
4
122
03
123

6
972

214

269

4 1871 149

250

101

139

-150.00

-100.00

270

-50.00

0.00

245

196

50.00

100.00

413

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

7
195 4958

100.00

150.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

M 1 : 1536

Vertical reaction forces in global z-direction max values [kN]

91

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

153

3
5
6
1
149 191 206 150

4
15
422 2

156

167 52

213

163 167

179

570

2
303
285
462

262
480

107

126

177

350

122

5
138
914

137 482 0
16 19
4
218

8
108
4
3
3

263

716

714

429
289

427
288

712

714

18

699

700

484

486

73
123

496

340

89

276
895

262

115
190

363

102

734 845 163 499

326

128

46

128

61

103
484
264

-100.00

121

8
157 128

101

-50.00

8
144

6 17 00
6
142 19 20 149

0.00

6
156

166

50.00

Sector of system Group 10 11 21 40 50 55 60...63 70 80 90 91 95 96 100...103


105...107 110...112 115...117 120...122 130 131 140 141 158...167 170 171
180...183 185 186 189 242 250...256
Nodes , Support force in global Z, Loadcase 8205 MIN-PZ KNOT , 1 cm 3D = 63125.
kN
(Min=-12861.) (Max=716.1) (total: -2.2155e+05)

116

39
136 2

961

37

174
105

5
257

30

103

189
662 570

107

575
245
437
711
931

3 98
138 4

562

831

Z Y
X

406

279

245
664
9
290
8
286
181 0
57

294

700

54

787
285

312

123

176

119

6
327
234

524

128

7 633

158

336

2
665

169

110

139

120

111

4 125

222

300

162

-150.00

122

-100.00

-50.00

307

0.00

118

632

50.00

100.00

262

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

129

4
156

121

9
224

504

143

100.00

150.00

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M 1 : 1555

Vertical reaction forces in global z-direction min values [kN]


(values in red colour: uplift forces)

92

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.2

Member forces

The internal normal forces are shown in the figures in the following pages. All
shown forces are at ultimate limit state (ULS).

93

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.2.1

Member forces

- purlins What load combinations?

Upper purlins N max


schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-150.00

.4

512

0.00

.1

1 87.0
2
2516.4 5 75. 1
185.7
7.
56 9 101.8
2513.9
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5
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1
29 .2
35.5
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35.9
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7
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5
63
4.6 1.4
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41.
5
3
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26.8
0.3
172
3.7
2
0
26.6
60.
15.7 6.2
33.8
9.8
26.5
24.9
21.7
36.2
13.3
5 3.9
40.7
26.1
72.3
53.5
45.9
20.7
87.4
14.6
53.7
125.2 586.1
75.4
27.7
22.6
585.2
112.5 584.4
68.6
22.7
26.5
86.9 1845.8
1186.9
486.0
46.1 1844.1
668.1
1184.0
384.6
574.8 906.4
309.9 3538.6
287.9
352.7
204.4 3684.9
922.6
549.8
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2153.7
725.3
1146.6
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23.7
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126.5 727.6
34.4
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135.0 728.9
24.7
91.6
129.9
85.7
50 .6
29.7 20.6
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54.5
51.1
26.9
28.5
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45.9
29.8
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6
2
5
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37
9
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8
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9
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6
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7

50.00

100.00

-100.00

514

-50.00

0.00

0.

50.00

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42.4

0.

150.00

76.2
74.4

68.0

28.5

80.5
58.9
44.6
81.2

154.2
68.1

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24.7
8.1 6.6
14.3
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3.9
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9
158 132
.
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2
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6.
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5. 185. 1
9

58.2
176.0
44.3 199.9
41.7
269.1
21.8
268.9
16.8
140.4
15.7
139.7
9.6 8.4
15.4
26.6

68.0

55.9

58.2
59.4

0.1
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84
246.7

26
229.6 2.9
213
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2
189. 7 52.5

79.9
78. 9

268.7

136.9
268.5

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3
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96

4.4
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225.6
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7
4.
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6.4
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15.4

58.1

35.5

22.9

16.4
22.6

Sector of system Beam Elements Group 100 101 103


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8210 MAX-N STAB
(Max=4359.)

59.6
75.9

-50.00

64.9

66.8
65.6

Z Y
X

0.1

-100.00

44.5

45.7

57.5

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4
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5.6 16.7
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57.6
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20.0
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9.0
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149.6
76.1
22.8

18.1

20.1

8
47
4.
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4
3
66
195. 1
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0
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40
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5
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4
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9
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.
3
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55.8
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52.0
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69.
4
28.7
46.2
55.8
185.7
19.9
78.1
48.9
523.1 166.1
21.7
226.0
64.5
522.2
26.3
217.8
521.3 153.5
63.3
2405.4 101.8
1184.9 660.9 26.4
2403.6
375.3
96.0
1182.0 661.3
478.4
908.1
4113.8
403.0
288.2
352.8
289.4
4358.7
926.9
556.6
1158.0 731.1
97.0
449.5
2415.4
1160.9
730.7 30.9
102.9
2417.2
115.9 79.1 34.7
473.7 175.2
35.9
133.0 84.3
183.6
475.0
73.2
75.6
24.8
85.3
63.5 20.7
79.5
50 .4
54.9
27.7
50.8
30.6
49.0
31.0
26.5
24.5
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1
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2
4
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1.4 4.6
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1
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9
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8
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74.4
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61.5
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169.7
163.3

8.

0.

0.

6.

43.6
162.6
17.1
9.9 6.4
28.0
7.9
3.9 4.8
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7
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0
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23.
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26
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649
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2 01.2 64.6
2

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164.9
6.3
7.2 78
49
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549

27
27

164.7
686
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689
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4359
4150
4041
3931
3822
3713
3604
3495
3385
3276
3167
3058
2949
2839
2730
2621
2512
2403
2293
2184
1966
1856
1747
1638
1529
1420
1310
1201
1092
983
874
764
655
546
437
328
218
109
0
-9

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

m
M 1 : 980

, 1 cm 3D = 20000. kN (Min=-9.48)

Design of the members required as clouded for maximum forces (similar comment applicable through out)

94

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Upper purlins N min
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

50.00

-120.9

-119.1
-121.6

0.00

100.00

-150.00
-100.00
-50.00
0.00
50.00
100.00

5
53.
-13 7.0
5
0
-13
53.
-10
-48.6
4
2.
5
94
-1 66. -58.8
9
8
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-828.9
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-43
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-77
-80
-25.7
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8
-40
3.
11 4 -6.3
3
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.
9
3.
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-15.
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3
.
3
-101.1
-1
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-62.6
1. 5 -83.7
-17.1 -4
-141.0
-186.6
-35.9 -70.5
-136.6
-173.0
-34.2 -66.6
-227.8
-1362.7
-53.3 -80.1 -188.6
4
-21.
-53.2 -82.1 -198.9
-1364.4
-49.9
-234.8
-584.9
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-45.4
-235.2
-584.3
-924.1
-49.2
-380.8
-97.7
-1321.2
19.8
-53.0 -113.4
-1109.9
-306.7
-111.6
-1108.2
-307.2
-67.7
-125.7 -22.2 -1566.2
-55.8
-65.8
-100.9
-55.8
-1564.4
-58.8 -221.8
-18.7 -57.3
-77.0 -65.0
-148.8
-20.3 -61.2
-90.5
-71.7 -153.2
-40 .3 -44
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2
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9.4
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4
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2
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19
3
-61. 8
6.
9
-70
0.3
-11
2
-11 4.9
21.
-8
5
2.
0

150.00

-162.6
-61
9
-61 .5
4.4
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10
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-108. 7
-107. 2
-163.4

-135.7
-136.2

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-14.4
-6.4
-15.9
-18.0
-9.2
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4
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2
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3. 03
1
0
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61
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-14.8

-12.3
-13.8

-314.1
-132.2
-132.5
-42.0
-21.9

-40.9
-29.0
-29.6
-28.0
-30.1
-66.8

-22.1

-49.8

-252.5

-239.1

-238.1

-220.3

-15.8

-135.5

-17.5
-136.1

-228.2

-258.8
-255.1

-30.4

2
-8

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83
-6
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86
-6
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-39
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67
-1
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4
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35 -22 -5
-79.2
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24
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6
19
4.9
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4
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0
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8
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3.4
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8
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-21.8
-36.2
-20.6
-34.1
-220.5
-22.5
-38.3

-113.9

-0.2
-35.6
-32.0
-63.9

-267.7
-267.4

Sector of system Beam Elements Group 100 101 103


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8211 MIN-N STAB
(Max=19.8)

-42.0
-41.5

-50.00

-110.8

-121.0

-111.8

Z Y
X

-123.6
-126.8

-125.8

-100.00

-61.8
-69.3
-68.7

-1
48
7.
95.
6
2
-66.
-2
3
0
-68.
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3
03
-29.
9
3
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45.
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3
4 -1
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83.
-5
1.0
6
-26.1
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0.4 7
9
-26.
9.5 .0
0
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1.
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-17
-0.1 -67. 8
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2
0
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1.0 -8.9
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-67.7 -79.3 -57.1
-148.4
-19.0
-65.7 -53.3
-17.3
-227.8 -87.3
-1761.1
-48.0
-100.6 -79.9 -64.3
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-48.0
-115.6
-66.3
-921.5 -38.3
-373.8
-133.2
-921.4
-373.2
-135.1
-41.2
-174.8
-518.7
-1268.6
-65.8
-64.7
-126.6
-878.9 -18.6
-313.8
-124.8
-879.2 -15.7
-314.4
-200.8 -71.5 -54.6
-14.1
-1711.5
-190.7 -69.6 -54.5
-5.7
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-88.0
-216.0 -63.4
-31.7
-162.6
-144.6
-176.2 -56.0 -11.1
-149.0
-80.8 -41.1 -11.9
-67 .1
-44.1 3.1
-92.8
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4
5.4
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7.8 -2 .4
1
3
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46
9
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7
5.
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89
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1
9.
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-111.5

-13
5
48.
9

-112.2

-258.3
-38.3
-29.9
-258.6
-34.5
-26.6
-36.6
-27.8
-17.9
-10.6
-11.9
-21.5
-14.7
-12.3
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-16.2
-7.9
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-22
1
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-18.
-53
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2 .0
-48 8
-33
7
5. 7
8
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4
-1 81.
-3
3
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4.
03
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-195.7
-194.9

45.

1.2
-78 .1
6
-77
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59
-7

-13

-3.0
-257.8

20
0
-104
-156
-208
-259
-311
-363
-415
-467
-519
-571
-623
-675
-727
-778
-830
-882
-934
-986
-1090
-1142
-1194
-1246
-1297
-1349
-1401
-1453
-1505
-1557
-1609
-1661
-1713
-1765
-1816
-1868
-1920
-1972
-2024
-2056

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

m
M 1 : 1085

, 1 cm 3D = 8000. kN (Min=-2056.)

95

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Lower purlins N max
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-150.00

.9

216

0.00

50.00

0.00
50.00
150.00

45.1
44.1
43.3

72.2

71.4

18.3

94.4

-50.00

53
53 7.3
7.
5

2.7

0.8
86.4

9.9

18.1
90.4

86.9

72.4

-100.00

5.1
0.5
18.5
44. 64
5 .2
-0.1
44.
8 54
31.0 0.2
0.
8
16
71.5
24
.5
50.4
71.7
37.0
197.5

18.2

18.
6

6.2
13.4

15.7

11.6

100.00

65.8
44.9

173.8

10.6

29.9

13.7

10.1
5.2
4.5

15.5

39.6

31.7

11.7

55.8
18.9
16.9

90.4
18.1

173.9
86.9
90.4

0.8

95.2

69.8

72.4
173.9
29.5
73.6
45.8
173.8

40.8

90.4

30.0

17.1
19.3

42.3

39.9

Sector of system Beam Elements Group 110 111


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8210 MAX-N STAB
(Max=2068.)

69.6

-50.00

61.6

874.
0
154.4 10
2.7
154.9
36.3 1
65.3
58
7.
65.1
35
1
519
-0 .1
35 7.0
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-0.2 38.2
6.
2.2
9
-0.1
65 .
3
26.
0.5
21.4
7
5. 8
4.5
11.
2
5.2
27.2
13.0
29.9
10.3
27.0

60.8
60.0

43.4

Z Y
X

47.4
62.8
38.7
40.9

116.4

.
8
312
21.
4
.
72 .3
72

26.1

9.9

232.2
117.2

2
8 194.
95.
194.7
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46 .5 70
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91
70.0
10
3
8
9.
1.
15 .9 -0.2 -0.1
28 9.2
4 53
31.
28
6
46 .
18.8
0.5
7 .1
12. 8
18.0
5.1

39.5

22 .7

15.8
18.5

35.8

232.7

64.9

27.6
23.5

50.1

312.2

143.8

28.4

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1176
.9
6
11 8
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1163
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6
237.4
155 4.0
155
237.1
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5
14 4.1
1 .9 34.4
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1 15 2
143 .4
19
0.6
2
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0
0
9
11
81.1
9
82.
91.2
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9 5
3
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-0.1
9
3
13 3.4
9
7.
-0.1
13
0.9
3
1. 3 77.9
2
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27.
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390
68.2
0
0.
77.6
37.4
6.3
117.7
68. 1
18.7
118.5
38.1
57.6
1
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121
19.5
233.2
41.3
15 6.3
22.2
121.0
233.7
41.9
122.3
1493.5
23.0
313.2
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188.1
40.5
322
27.0
313.5
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40.8
1493
27.4
361.0
99.3
-121.8
531.7
375.1
1251.9
532.1
-121.5
375.3
1344.7
155.8
762.0
-148.4
1210.2
596.2
801.3
-112.5
596.0
1208.7
800.8
94.2
-121.3
313.9
1573.8
41.9
44.3
313.6
75.6
383.
1
41.5
44.0
234.2
1573.7
95.9
40.8
34.7
233.7
100.2
185. 8
33.9
40.3
120.6
100.3
187. 1
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6.
3
119.8
31.4 49.6
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31. 25.5 0.0
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49.6
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834
236.6
83 .7
6.8
236.9
1042
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1050
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10.1

31.7

30.1

44.6

-100.00

61.6

43.4

44.6

359.5
312.5

30.5

50.6

35.1
73.1
92.7
2
9 .5
1.
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0
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6.9
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58.8
2.8
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88.6
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3 44
52.
8.2
6
8
3
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8.
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143. 8
203
88
17 6.7
16
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5.5
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2.
106 4.8
215.9
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776
720
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WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

100.00

m
M 1 : 1032

, 1 cm 3D = 8000. kN (Min=-148.4)

96

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Lower purlins N min
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

0.00

50.00

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Sector of system Beam Elements Group 110 111


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8211 MIN-N STAB
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-163.5

-140.0

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-442.6
-328.9
-109.2
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-642.1
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-328.9
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-74.0
-74.0

-17.4
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-2.7
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-32
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-120
7.4 -82
6

-91.8

0
0
-236
-353
-471
-589
-707
-824
-942
-1060
-1178
-1296
-1413
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-2120
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-2473
-2591
-2709
-2827
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-3415
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-4004
-4122
-4240
-4358
-4475
-4593
-4711

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

100.00

m
M 1 : 1092

, 1 cm 3D = 20000. kN (Min=-4711.)

97

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Facade purlins N max
WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

150.00

835.8 11 0
3 21
2.3
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110
135
5
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736.2
2.2
10 5
13 5
3.6
100 6.0
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237.8
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56.
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1.1
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625
56.5
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115.7
3.8
34
61.9
3.1
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64.1
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208.2
106.2
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128
6
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1.6
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288
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192
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2
319
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13
261.7
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114
9.8
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129.6
242.9
12
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20 4.8
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704.5
107. 5
204. 2
810.6
1039.9
115.7
76.5
345.6
27 3.2
114. 2
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26.0 52.8
346.1
274.1
27.3 53.8
107.3
175.0
174.5
107.0
1.2 1.2
1.1
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0.9
166.2
112.7
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51
166.8
113.0
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255.8
9.6 38
361.3
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254.9
360.8
86.5 120.8
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10 23.6
107.0
211.9
1022.6
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212.8
10
11
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207 3
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7
1
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35
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289.0 394.2
228.5
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347.7 59
1
359.6
346.9
359.1
902.2
1054.4
1175
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1478
1171
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1476
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517.3
576.9 839.5
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12
11

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

.6
2 83

6259
5954
5798
5641
5484
5328
5171
5014
4857
4701
4544
4387
4231
4074
3917
3761
3604
3447
3291
3134
2820
2664
2507
2350
2194
2037
1880
1724
1567
1410
1254
1097
940
783
627
470
313
157
0
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42

3
401.
7
5.
30
6
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28

-100.00

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0
2.
34

12

2.

Y
X

100.00

Sector of system Group 130


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8210 MAX-N STAB
(Max=6259.)

50.00

0.00

-150.00

150.00

-50.00

-100.00

m
M 1 : 1086

X * 0.502
Y * 0.906
Z * 0.962

, 1 cm 3D = 20000. kN (Min=-8.44)

98

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Facade purlins N min
WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

150.00

-17
39 .
1
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3
-16 4.8
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-205.1
-40 6
-113.4
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4.7
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3.7
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-244.4
-375.4
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-69.7
-225.7 -455.0
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1
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-60.9
-38.4
-59.6
-120.0
-147.9
-36.7
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-148.2
-7.8
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-2.5
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-116.6
-10.8 -30.3
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-57.5
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3
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3.
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-239.8
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44.8
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-107.8
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7
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57
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1
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-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

9 .3
-64

6
1.
45
-1 8
.
23
-9

153
61
0
-61
-123
-184
-245
-306
-368
-429
-490
-551
-613
-674
-735
-796
-858
-919
-980
-1041
-1164
-1225
-1286
-1348
-1409
-1470
-1531
-1593
-1654
-1715
-1776
-1838
-1899
-1960
-2021
-2083
-2144
-2205
-2266
-2297

-2

17

-100.00

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.
33

20

-1

-1

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-434
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2.
28
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-1

Y
X

100.00

Sector of system Group 130


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8211 MIN-N STAB
(Max=153.1)

50.00

0.00

-50.00

-150.00

4
4.
-9
7
6.

-6

150.00

-100.00

m
M 1 : 1128

X * 0.502
Y * 0.906
Z * 0.962

, 1 cm 3D = 8000. kN (Min=-2297.)

99

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.2.2

Member forces

- bracings

Horizontal upper braces N max


schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-100.00

12
5.
3

1708.4

1243.8

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3
108

2106.3

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87

2.
26

6
66.
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77.
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71.
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11
80
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2136.8

950.5

4
165.

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69

107

6
8.
24

1893.8

1366.9

1707.1

84
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12
7.
7

89.4

12

-150.00

3088
2975
2897
2819
2741
2662
2584
2506
2427
2349
2271
2192
2114
2036
1958
1879
1801
1723
1644
1566
1409
1331
1253
1175
1096
1018
940
861
783
705
626
548
470
392
313
235
157
78
0
-44

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

7
27.
939.2

7
1.

17
29
.3

.2
868

788
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133.
5
78.
1
112
.3

77
.

-4
3.

50.00

42
3.
8

5.7
28 3

3 07
7.1

2. 1
234

71
5.
3
314
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16

0.00

2
22 8
5.1 4 07.0

390.
8
38
9.
9

.3

.5

580

569

15

.2

.1

562

576

598.

0
322.

1
4.
49

0
141.
4
79.

94.
.8
786
.4

869

.5
.2
-44

.2

.4
134
.9
373
7
425.

2
28

17
80
.9

21
60

2
9.
38

4.1
235

137
.9
199
.5
201.
7

7.8
30 8

-41
.

49
8.
7

-50.00

952.8

970.0

969.4

165.

150.00

13
6.
5

1481.7

22
4.
8

100.00

108

3
5.
15
11
60
.3

1321.9

786.7

954.3

8
1.
79

.2

1418.5

6
25

921.5

15
9.
6

9.

1.
19

.7
87.9

12

8
54.
2
.
19
0
16.
7
55.

1050.4

1 13
.8
78.
2
68.
0
59.
4

0
39

1446.2

107

1
73.

-100.00
Z Y
X

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

Sector of system Group 181 186


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8210 MAX-N STAB (Min=-4.3816e-06) (Max=107.8)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8230 MAX-N FACH , 1 cm 3D = 14234. kN (Min=-44.2)
(Max=3088.)

M 1 : 1054

100

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Horizontal upper braces N min
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

.2
14
-1

-2
37
.2

8
-480.0
-523.1

.9
.1

.1

6.5
-11

-192

-5
8

-7
80
.9

17
-2

-65
.4
-7 7
.2

-3
12

-336.3

.7
47
-3

-481.0

-987.7

.
-161

-100.00

.7
92
-1

-657.2

-211
.5

-198

-33
1.9

-648.2

4
8.
22
-1

-50.00

-579.2

-9
32
.7
-1
413
.7

2
5.
14
-1

-585.5
-34
5.

100.00

-1
82

.1
-618.5

0.00

150.00

-1
16
.2

-273.9

-7
67
.9

-50.00

-1
14
.2

.0
35
-1

-162

.
36
-2

.0
58
-1

-304.8
-336.1

-630.0

.3

.1
73
-3

-211

5.

.6

.0
-6 6
-35
.9

-1135.1

3
-4

65
-1

6.4
-1 1
.9
-77

-346.6
-351.9

-100.00

-172

.4

-167

-565.3

Z Y
X

0.00

7.8
-81
9.2

-84

.4

58
.8

-13
21.
6

50.00

1.0

-1
2
-89 70.8
6 .2

-86

.3
61
-3 1.1
8
-5

6
0
25. 867. 592.2
-13
-

6.6
-84
.1

37

.0
374
-1

8
.0
.4
-518 -789. -1375

1
-82

78 .
4

2.2

.3
70
-7

-1

-78

.9
54
-4

.6
24
-2 2
.
09
-5 .4
08
-3

-13
79.
9

-1

07
.0

-11
21.
2

4.5
-96

-14

-367.6

-8
4.
9

-1126.3

-150.00

78
37
0
-37
-75
-112
-149
-187
-224
-261
-298
-336
-373
-410
-448
-485
-522
-560
-597
-634
-709
-746
-783
-821
-858
-895
-933
-970
-1007
-1044
-1082
-1119
-1156
-1194
-1231
-1268
-1306
-1343
-1380
-1414

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

50.00

100.00

Sector of system Group 181 186


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8211 MIN-N STAB (Min=-198.1) (Max=-4.54)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8231 MIN-N FACH , 1 cm 3D = 7117. kN (Min=-1414.)
(Max=78.4)

M 1 : 1074

101

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Horizontal lower braces N max
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

1178
.4

749.6

433.3

.7
-100.00

1129.6
13 20.6
221. 4

140.0

191.2

60 0.5

1041.8

1508

238.5

107.8

8
259.

549.3
350. 3

25 0.2

33.
2
40.
6
46.
5
54.
0
62.
2

7
67.
0
.
72
2
70.
1
66.
3
.
72

1617.4

43.
0

1397.8

1595.1

6 30.7

1126 .7

1332.1

1082.6

1651.0

90.

21 8
.9
17
5.
7

-150.00

3351
3182
3096
3010
2924
2838
2752
2666
2580
2494
2408
2322
2236
2150
2064
1978
1892
1806
1720
1634
1462
1376
1290
1204
1118
1032
946
860
774
688
602
516
430
344
258
172
86
0
-86
-89

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

490
.6

671

.1

5.6

824
.0

44
4.
0

293.
9

63 2
.2

.3
89
33
51. 2

.4

805

.1

57
5.
0

.2

26
2

.0

1
107

0
19

2.6

.8

.5
530

197

3
4.
44

.
569

50.00

225

0.7
151

78
4.
9

121

.0
512

5
3.
81

9.8
187

1
14.
33

0.00

138
2.3

4.3
198

10
02
.6

-50.00

606. 4

4
611.
.8
285
.3
752
.9
836

3.1
16 8

7
60.
27

.4
.5
498
542

9
4.
-8

27
42.
1

17

9
5.

1142.9

1329.0

1080.1

8
37.

100.00

13 24.4

3
60.

1457.5

1121.8

282 .5

871.1

87.

335.7
45 4.6

990.5

10 30.9

1289.7

.1

.0
219

150.00

1437

696.5

1613.9

11
2.1

298.5
505.1

170.5

113.2

0
71 .
9
63.
8
69.
9
71.
3
.
77

831.9

72.
4
70.
6
70 .
1
70.
7
72.
4

269.6

53 6.9

53 6.6

107.9

1184
.4

-100.00
Z Y
X

-50.00

Sector of system Group 182


Truss Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8230 MAX-N FACH
(Max=3351.)

0.00

50.00

100.00

m
M 1 : 1057

, 1 cm 3D = 14234. kN (Min=-89.3)

102

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Horizontal lower braces N min
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

6.9
-2 2

-710.2
9.2
-143

-85

-1470. 9

-2898.1

-318.3

.3
-763

-168.4

-796.8

-50.00

-351.3

-204.8

-1875.4
-2293.6

.6

-79
.6
-73
.7
-84
.3

-267.1

-184.5
-147. 1

-762.6

2.1

-2115.6

-1909.9
-2456.8

8
9.
-9
-11

-652.

-1
57.

-725.3

-1046.5
-1533.6

0
96.

.1
-87

-2517.9

3.1

-100.00

1.9
-137

-10
3. 5

-897.4
-193

-150.00

80
0
-163
-245
-326
-408
-489
-571
-652
-734
-815
-897
-978
-1060
-1142
-1223
-1305
-1386
-1468
-1549
-1712
-1794
-1875
-1957
-2038
-2120
-2201
-2283
-2365
-2446
-2528
-2609
-2691
-2772
-2854
-2935
-3017
-3098
-3180
-3181

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

-2
00

-596

.0

.0

-1

31

-10
86.
8
5
35.

.0

-49
7.3

.9

3.7

1
1.
18
-3
80.
4

7
-2

-19
0

5.
2

.3
12

2.4

-268.3

-22
6 .9

100.00

-183

0.6
150.00

1.9

-1374.4

-713 .1

-1
3.
4

-11

4
-129

1 .1
-16

-1048.3
-1607.8

-1216.1

.8

9
7.
-4

-5 08.7

-998.3

.1

8.9
-144
-897.6

-84

-74

56.
-1

-1254.1

.7
-483
-6 99.7
-2026.0

-1303.8

-259.9

-365.

.7
-78
.8
-74
.8
-75
-78
.

-414.

-162.4

-258.8

-188.5

-4 53.5

-296.9

50.00

91

.9

-1

-57
2

.3
08.
-730
-46 -9
5.9

-49

.2
93
-5

38
-7

-3
08
5.
0

9.5
-52

-16
4.8 645.4

.9

7.

.7
-3
76
15
7.
5

-12

-491

5.6

.5

7
3.
09
-3

0.1
-5 7

-8
32
.0

-78
4
-83
.8
41
-6 .4
93
-3

.
33
18

-2
59

68.
9

0.00

-24

.4

-100.00
Z Y
X

-50.00

Sector of system Group 182


Truss Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8231 MIN-N FACH
(Max=80.4)

0.00

50.00

100.00

m
M 1 : 1113

, 1 cm 3D = 14234. kN (Min=-3181.)

103

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Facade braces N max
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

37

7.
4

3
32
.

15

100.00

1.
3
10

.8
34

2
2

45
.
.1

-50.00

38 363
77 6.
.4 2

21
0

95
.
18

2.
8

1
44
.
37

54
.

28

21

73
.

11

77
.

-150.00

88

18

33
.

18
1

0.
2
75
5.
3

-100.00

10
1.

35

.0

64

2.
7

11

51

.7

6.
1

0.00

18

01

2
17
.
10

50.00

37

55
.

28

22

46
.7

3877
3771
3674
3578
3481
3384
3287
3191
3094
2997
2901
2804
2707
2611
2514
2417
2321
2224
2127
2031
1837
1740
1644
1547
1450
1354
1257
1160
1064
967
870
774
677
580
483
387
290
193
97
10

16

12

5.
8
26
.2
94
3.
3

12

9.

150.00

15

21

.0

14

04
.6

36
6

6.
6

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

150.00

Y
X

100.00

50.00

Sector of system Group 185


Truss Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8230 MAX-N FACH

0.00

-50.00

-100.00

m
M 1 : 1109

X * 0.502
Y * 0.906
Z * 0.962

, 1 cm 3D = 19031. kN (Max=3877.)

104

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Facade braces N min
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

74
-4

.8
77
9
72
.

150.00

52
.2
-3

8
-8
7.

4.
2

-3
60

-6

-3
2.
.2

.2
65
4

6
95
1.

-50.00

6
94
0.
-2

-1

.4
-5
0

.7

-100.00

.8

.3
-4 939
86 .9
9.
5

87
9

-2

-2

-9

26

.7

-150.00

-8
8

6.
-3 6
77
.3

-8

66

-5

-3
2

.8

39

8.
2

-5
0

17
.0

-2

-1
00

6.

0.00

-1

04

1.
7

-5

50.00

15
4.

-2

-1

66
7.

100.00

-3

-7

-6
-257
-386
-515
-644
-772
-901
-1030
-1158
-1287
-1416
-1545
-1673
-1802
-1931
-2060
-2188
-2317
-2446
-2574
-2832
-2961
-3089
-3218
-3347
-3475
-3604
-3733
-3862
-3990
-4119
-4248
-4376
-4505
-4634
-4763
-4891
-5020
-5149
-5154

04
.

78

.9

-8

-2

17
.0
40
.4

-5

-1
8

-1
3

27
.5

6.
6

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

150.00

Y
X

100.00

50.00

Sector of system Group 185


Truss Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8231 MIN-N FACH
(Max=-5.69)

0.00

-50.00

-100.00

m
M 1 : 1110

X * 0.502
Y * 0.906
Z * 0.962

, 1 cm 3D = 47578. kN (Min=-5154.)

105

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Vertical braces Axis Hn N max
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

18
79

49

4.
2

.6

100.00

28

66
.

11
7

9.

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

.4

50.00

35
8

4590.5

84
6

.3

4771.8

47

16

2866.1

71
.8

43
.7

2979.8

2108.3
1879.6

0.00

1643.7
1527.9
1518.2
1179.6

45

90

15

605.4

.5

27
.

846.4

-50.00

497.0
4
5.
60

35
8.

494.2
358.3

100.00

Y
X

Sector of system Group 183


Truss Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8230 MAX-N FACH

-100.00

2
8.
15
1

29
7

21

9.
8

08

.3

49

7.

358.0

50.00

0.00

-50.00

m
M 1 : 733

X * 0.502
Y * 0.906
Z * 0.962

, 1 cm 3D = 31563. kN (Max=4772.)

106

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Vertical braces Axis Hn N min
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

100.00

9
6.
-1
21

-5

49
.7

-3
85

-4

.1

70
0

.2

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

50.00

42
.

.3
-3
21

-8

-321.3

-271.6

.5

-385.1

-9
25

-4

.1

76
5

-460.0
-549.7
-550.4
-747.5

0.00

-839.9
-842.1
-925.1

-7
47

40
5

-1757.5

-5

.5

.8

-1216.9

-50.00

39
.9

-2
7

1.

-4765.5

-8

-4700.2

-5405.8

-100.00

75
7.
-1

-4

60
.0

-5

74
8.

-5
50

.4

-5748.3

100.00

Y
X

Sector of system Group 183


Truss Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8231 MIN-N FACH
(Max=-271.6)

50.00

0.00

-50.00

m
M 1 : 736

X * 0.502
Y * 0.906
Z * 0.962

, 1 cm 3D = 31563. kN (Min=-5748.)

107

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.2.3

Member forces - inner tangential truss

Inner tangential trusses N max


schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

56.7

862.1
4.4
86905.0
9
5.
36

912.3
918.4

80.00

264.5

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

60.00

.2

9.
6

72.9

56.8

40.00

42

.5

69.7

8
306

10725
10457
10189
9920
9652
9384
9116
8848
8580
8312
8044
7775
7507
7239
6971
6703
6435
6167
5899
5631
5094
4826
4558
4290
4022
3754
3486
3217
2949
2681
2413
2145
1877
1609
1341
1072
804
536
268
0

98.8

6 .8
288

30.5

7
321

55
34 1410.4
.3
2
55
3.
36
70
.1
87
59
12
.8
1.
87
61.
7
1397.1
7
100
41.
1348.5
100
2
4
1350.3
105 2.0
90.
72.
1
4
174 .4 1059
9.1
203
5
246 5.0 0.5
2
.5
2040
7.
3
1
2
3.9 0023.
.6 3
2
26
21
9
5
0.0
1 10
02 3
.0
2130.4
18548
.
1
.
9
341 85
2130.5
48.
15
3
7
2054. 0 3.2
2
1
3
7. 8.
281 713 5
20 52.6
6.6
2051 .1
65
4
7. 967.3
0
3 15.
2 8 59
1695.
7
216. 65.3
3
8
.
8
68
1
722.
8
1682.
4
2.3
.3
1712968
.5
.3
70 0.9
1195
3.6
88 703.6
6
.
973
9
904.3
963. 9 .0
914.1
67904.1
2
1202.7
691.
9
9
5.
924.3
9.
5
75 1205.7
25 596.
7.
11
9
1697.6
2
6.
5
55
1703.7
26
.6
55
28
1710.3
.4
87
14
.8
2075
43.
871 .3
8 .2
6.1
2077
990
0
2078.7
7.5
3.
99
18 .4
08.
21
13721
1
1
0
.5
724
.2
2139.0
107
24.
2139.1
974 6
5.
220
.4
5965
98 8 4765.5
.1
5.27
2064. 0
988
5.3 79.5
20 62.6
865 19
9.3
416703.6
0. 0
865
8.434.8
16987.
717 33
7.3
1693.9
717
8
5.8327.0
1 687.
2
5
9
1
75.1
972886.
4
.0 597
3.8117.
2
0
971.

20.00
-20.00

424.1

2.3
320

43
1.

0.00

33
2.
1

258.6

14

4.
2

1512.4

104.8

2
4.
33

2.3
28 7

315

33
3.
6
1521.6

14

-60.00

6.

-40.00

7.1

242.4

-80.00

2
204.
693.
9568
.4
0
.
42.0 3 6 9

100.00

Y
X

80.00

60.00

40.00

20.00

0.00

Sector of system Group 160...166


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8210 MAX-N STAB , 1 cm 3D = 63125. kN
(Min=-2.0817e-17) (Max=10725.)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8230 MAX-N FACH (Max=3411.)

M 1 : 473

X * 0.502
Y * 0.906
Z * 0.962

108

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Inner tangential trusses N min
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-1107.5
-2357.9

80.00

-2355.9

-1648.1 -1628.0

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

-6
.3 46. 7
159 -64 4.8
-1
-627.3

60.00

-8
14
8.
.0
-81
6 6454
-1476.1
94.
-1
.8
2
004
20 -1473.0
5
4
3
.
4
-10
.0
2
0
-29
-3
-10 40.6
81
-1462.0
878
.3
8
.6
-10
19.
886
-27
-2034.1
.9
-98
50.
-2032.2
-98
3
45.
-23 12.1
5
-124.
-95
9
4 -2206.7
-9 5 9.6 234
2.
57.
-2206.3
9
5
-96
90.
4
-96
-2218.8
86
.1
-83 .2
24
09.
-2219.8
1
-83
15.
-2 220.2
0
-65
7 -2 038. 1
72.
.
6
7
-652 9
.2
-1
8.0
-2044
-25
.1
9.3
-2046
-666
.4
.1
55
-1 9
8.1
6
5
-159
-1
-3
.5
83
1.2
.9
-157
.0
5
-6 26.
3
.7
9 5
-671
-799.5 1.7
-69
-92
0.9 -693.7
-1510.9
.4
86
-0
-1507
-3 .8
.1
-1498.4
-3
82
.6
-2082.9
.-21
445 265.
0
--86
-2081.0
11
-8 0.9 4.2
-2
16
1
9
-1207.1 02.4
0.0
--92
95
-2233.5
-993.5 8.3
-2233.1
66 5
--120 5.9
-2232.1
84
7
108 2.5
-2236.1.4
5
0
4
-99
.9
-1
00
-2 238. 9
-2 -989 .4
34
5.2
-223 9.2 3
-984.4
.
9
57
-95 2.5
-120 7.8 -2
00.
8
.
1
-97
-2082
14
7
-97 .2
4.
8
0
2
10.
0
-83
83
.5
-1557
-83 .5
8
9
.1
6.4
-66
-156 5
04.
9.
-655 1
-156
9.5
-97.
.3
6
-787
.7
-695
-796 2-.99
.2
22.
7
3
-6.

02.
-28

-24

40.00

3
0
-544
-817
-1089
-1361
-1633
-1906
-2178
-2450
-2722
-2995
-3267
-3539
-3811
-4084
-4356
-4628
-4900
-5173
-5717
-5989
-6262
-6534
-6806
-7078
-7351
-7623
-7895
-8167
-8440
-8712
-8984
-9256
-9529
-9801
-10073
-10345
-10618
-10890

.7
97

9
2.
96
-2

-6

20.00

4
8.
89
-2

93

-1653.3 -1671.5

-20.00

-2372.8

-2272.7

-2355.8

-2022.7

43
-2

-2272.3

9
65.

-40.00

-28

-2187.6

0.00

-3

-4158.9

69

.4

3
4.

-60.00

-4
1

0.

-2351.0

7
3.

1
5.
00
-3

9
-6

-1651.7
-4172.9
-4162.0

3
8.
90
-2

44

Y
X

80.00

60.00

40.00

20.00

-80.00

.1

100.00

0.00

Sector of system Group 160...166


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8211 MIN-N STAB , 1 cm 3D = 63125. kN (Min=-10887.)
(Max=2.93)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8231 MIN-N FACH (Min=-6944.) (Max=-24.1)

M 1 : 488

X * 0.502
Y * 0.906
Z * 0.962

109

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.2.4

Member forces

- intermediate trusses

Intermediate vertical trusses N max

-35.00

69 .1

202.305.
5 3

-40.00
-45.00
-50.00

149.11 0.
3 1

193.467.
1 7

0.
93

4
2.

-55.00
-60.00

421.

214
.7

2580
2403
2273
2143
2013
1883
1754
1624
1494
1364

-65.00
25.00

703.8

-40.00

424.4
418.2
412.1
405.9
2580.0
2573.8
2567.6
866.1
2561.5
2561.3
2555.2
2549.0
2542.8
1584.9
1578.8
1572.8
1566.7

-45.00

2
7.
86

9
358.7
1 707.

-50.00
5.00
Z
YX

0.00

-5.00

-10.00

Sector of system Group 60...63 70


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8210 MAX-N STAB
, 1 cm 3D = 12625. kN (Min=-17.9) (Max=2596.)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8230 MAX-N
FACH (Max=1445.)

-15.00

-20.00

-25.00

m
M 1 : 271
X * 0.720
Y * 0.745
Z * 0.962

-35.00
Z
Y

-30.00

-50.00

157
.8

-20.00
-25.00
-30.00
-35.00
-40.00

145.1208.
1

797.8

1610.5
1604.3
1598.2
1592.0
1416.4
1412.3
1408.2
1404.1
719.3
715.4
711.5

0
9.
79

15 8.483 2.
6

20.00

M 1 : 271
X * 0.733
Y * 0.769
Z * 0.934

.5
36
19

-17.9

-45.00

432.7

1
235
.

15.00

.2

.0
50
11

197.0
192.9

.8
385

7
9.
71

.
410

4.
83

1366.1
1362.0
1357.8
1353.7
597.3
593.4

366.7

216.7

.6
155

.5

719.9

120.8
116.7
112.6
108.5
1301.2
1295.0
1289.3
1285.2
831.2
1144.9
1140.8
1136.7
1132.6
719.6
715.7
711.9
708.0

10.00

1109. 211.3
2

.5
609

190

2595.6
2589.4
2583.3
2577.1
2561.6
2555.4
2549.3
2543.1
1926.2
1920.1
1914.1
1908.0

80.4
910.4

1516.1
1512.0
1507.84
632.
1503.7

Sector of system Group 60...63 70


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8210 MAX-N STAB
, 1 cm 3D = 6313. kN (Min=-17.8) (Max=1709.)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8230 MAX-N
FACH (Max=1645.)

85.8
.4

.6
44
14
558.7 1.0
64

-13.5
-14.2
5
4.
93-17.3
-17.9
-17.6

405.8

Y
X

5.00

291

-9.5

359.0
104.2

129

201.4869.
2

367.1
1198 .

1111
980
69.0 849
719
588
457
327
196
65
-15.00-18 -10.00

2596
2418
2287
2156
2025
1895
1764
1633
1503
1372

, 1 cm 3D = 6313. kN (Min=-17.8) (Max=1643.)


Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8230 MAX-N
FACH (Max=1777.)

0.00

168.6
164.5
160.4

585.7

382.4158.
7

M 1 : 271
X * 0.712
Y * 0.750
Z * 0.965

Y Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8210 MAX-N STAB

-5.00

95.1906.8

1104
974
2
7
235.007.
19 3.090.
558.7
7
8
113.3 844
714
585
455
325
195
65
-18
-35.00
-30.00
-25.00
-20.00
-15.00

Sector of system Group 60...63 70

Z
X

63

-30.00
-35.00

17
77
.2

228.1510.
5

134
.6

75
4.
3

358.1942.
3

-40.00
-45.00
5.00

.2

0.00

-5.00

865.

1686.3
1680.1
1674.0
1667.8
1709.4
1703.2
1697.0
1690.8
1039.6
1035.6
1031.6
1027.5

6.

-10.00

240.1

86

-15.00

.8

-20.00

44

585.6

-2.9
-12.8
-15.9
-17.8
-17.4

103.2

.1
458

.5
304

597.3
593.4

1643.4
1637.2
1631.0
1624.9
1256.3
1250.2
1244.1
1238.1

100.5

226.9

.1
208

.5
12 6

60 9.6

302.1
299.0
295.9
292.8
355.3
60
352.1
7.
6
349.0
345.9

.4

16

.0
578

-17.8
-17.4

.9

254.0
249.9
245.8
241.7
1632.5
1626.3
1620.1
1614.0
75 1. 8

235.0
1436

557.5 6.2
76

11
14

21.5

241.8
0
16 65 .

115

180.6

.2

247

1084.8

1709
1598
1511
1425
1339
1252
1166
1079
993
907

1643
1537
1453
1370
1287
1204
1121
1038
955
872

249.8

186.0

734
648
561
475
389
302
216
130
43
-18
-30.00

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

706
623
107.3
781
192.4
557 .3
540
.1
112.8
457
374
291
208
125
42
-18
-25.00
-20.00
-15.00
-10.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

-25.00

-20.00

-15.00

-10.00

-5.00

Sector of system Group 60...63 70

m
M 1 : 271
X * 0.760
Y * 0.708
Z * 0.960

X Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8210 MAX-N STAB

, 1 cm 3D = 12625. kN (Min=-17.9) (Max=2580.)


Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8230 MAX-N
FACH (Max=1937.)

110

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

367
306
245
184
122
61
0
-61
-122
50.00 -162

1063
980
919
857
796
735
674
612
551
490

60.00

30.00

70.00

40.00

80.00

481
407
333
259
185
111
37
-37
-111
-162

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

1320
1222
1148
1074
1000
926
852
778
704
630

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

38.2

9
8 5.

691

.0

927
.4

.0
696

935.3
1231.3
1227.1
1223.0
1218.8

798.2
795.4
792.6
789.8

20.00

816
.1
813
.6
811
.1
808
.6

951.9
913.5
.0
958
905.1
901.0
820.4

20.00

91.
0

4
91 . 814.8

.9
777

817
.1
814
.6
812
.1
809
.6

.9

-10.00

-40.00

0.00

-30.00

10.00

772

110.00
Z
XY

120.00

Sector of system Group 60...63 70


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8210 MAX-N STAB
, 1 cm 3D = 6313. kN (Min=-161.7) (Max=1320.)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8230 MAX-N
FACH (Max=927.4)

130.00

10.00

968.7
964.5
3
960.3
64 .

-10.00

702.3

30.00

310.2

65.
6

705.1

819.6
816.8
814.0

439.9
507
.8 434.3

0.00

50.00

19
4.
7

110
.0

943.6

40.00

4.

19

699.6

187.0
2
8.
19
-161.8

276.9

177.4

.0

27 4.1

705.2

-161.8
99
-161.8
.5
39 .0

182.0

181.1
5
4.
17196.5
276.6

.6
96

-161.7

710.7

-8.8

104.4

1307.1

-161.7

-161.7

5
61

-161.7

1319.7

181.7

49.4

1311.3

186.3

48.1

1037.9

829
.3

.1
99

312.6

69.
5

1046.2

-158.7
95
-158.7
.4

-20.00

0
6.

649.9

541.2
-9.3 554
.5 535.6
-9.3
1063.2
1059.0
3
1054.8
6 9.
1050.6
1050.3
1046.1
.9
1041.9
955
1037.7

47.9

65

49.3

655.5

m
M 1 : 294
X * 0.502
Y * 0.906
Z * 0.962

-130.00
Z
XY

-120.00

-110.00

Sector of system Group 60...63 70


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8210 MAX-N STAB
, 1 cm 3D = 6313. kN (Min=-161.8) (Max=1063.)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8230 MAX-N
FACH (Max=958.0)

M 1 : 287
X * 0.502
Y * 0.906
Z * 0.962

111

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Intermediate vertical trusses N min

-80.3

-35.00

-1632
-1769
-1905
-2041
-2177
-2313
-2449
-2585
-2721
-2801
-30.00
-40.00
-50.00

-14
2.0

-45.00

-39
3.0

.9

70
-7

-55.00

-60.00

-3 .
3

51
.
-2

-65.00

-35.00
-40.00
-45.00

25.00

-20.00
-30.00
-35.00

1.
5

-137
.7

-25.00

-9
-435 82.9
.9
5
-466.

-40.00
-45.00
-50.00

-50.00

-2071.7

.7
-1019

-134
.7

-35.00
-40.00

5.935.6
-6-3

-45.00

-697.5
-2396.4
-2400.5
-2404.6
-2408.7
-2788.6
.3
68
-4 -2792.7
-2796.8
-2800.9
-2623.8
-2629.9
-2636.0
-2642.0

-2060.1

5.00
Z
YX

0.00

-5.00

-10.00

Sector of system Group 60...63 70


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8211 MIN-N STAB
, 1 cm 3D = 12625. kN (Min=-2298.) (Max=-88.8)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8231 MIN-N
FACH (Min=-1085.) (Max=2.78)

-15.00

-20.00

-25.00

m
M 1 : 271
X * 0.720
Y * 0.745
Z * 0.962

-35.00
Z
Y

-30.00

-25.00

-1614
-1748
-1883
-2017
-2152
-2286
-2421
-2555
-2690
-2801
-15.00

-111
-269
-403
-538
-672
-807
-941
-1076
-1210
-1345

-25.00
-30.00

-40
9.4

.5
51
-2

- 14
8.5

-487.2
5
9.
08
-1

5 .321.4
-19-4

.9
68
-4

5.09.9
-13-49

2.8

-411.7
4.1

-17
4

20.00

M 1 : 271
X * 0.733
Y * 0.769
Z * 0.934

.3
88
-7

6.075.2
-40-3

7.46.7
-13-44

-2060.0
-2065.8
-2071.6

15.00

-406.3
-442.0
-73 6.
9
-450.0
-550.5
-556.7
-562.9
-569.0
-1874.9
-1881.0
--1887.2
25 4.4
-1893.3
-2141.8
-2147.9
-2154.1
-2160.3

8
-736.

1
-246.

10.00

-17

0.8
-10

1
5.
08
-1

5.53. 4
-43-28

.6 -562.1
90
-7
-568.2
-574.4
-580.6
-1976.9
-1983.0
-1989.2
-1995.4
5
2. -2279.3
4
-2 -2285.4
-2291.6
-2297.8

5.00

Sector of system Group 60...63 70


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8211 MIN-N STAB
, 1 cm 3D = 12625. kN (Min=-2801.) (Max=-80.3)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8231 MIN-N
FACH (Min=-1089.) (Max=-3.33)

-209.1
-215.1

0.00

-111.4

-705.1

.2

Y
X

-2067.6

-113.7

-181.4

-394.2
-1019
.6
-399.5
-471.5
-477.7
-483.8
-490.0
-1578.1
-1582.2
-4-1586.3
67 .0
-1590.4
-1954.9
-1959.0
-1963.1
-1967.3
-1833.1
-1839.2
-1845.3
-1851.3

-1325
-1436
-1546
-88.8
-1657
-1767
-1878
-1988
-2099
-2209
-20.00
-15.00 -2298
-10.00

-89
-221
-331
-442
-552
-663
-773
-884
-994
-1105

, 1 cm 3D = 12625. kN (Min=-2443.) (Max=-100.9)


Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8231 MIN-N
FACH (Min=-1087.) (Max=-6.03)

-17
3.3

-15.00
-25.00
-30.00

2.2

-13

-13
3.6

-4
57
.4

M 1 : 271
X * 0.712
Y * 0.750
Z * 0.965

Y Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8211 MIN-N STAB

-5.00

4
-254.

-2055.9

-10

-1
08
7.
1
92
-43 6.5
4.8

-20.00

2.1
-10

Sector of system Group 60...63 70

Z
X

-1874.8
-1880.9
-1886.9

2.0
-10

5.00

.6

0.00

51

-5.00

-4

-10.00

-15.00

9.

-20.00

0
-721.

-249.3
-559.7
-565.9
-572.0
-578.2
-1969.2
-1975.4
-1981.6
-1987.7
-2273.7
-2279.9
-2286.0
-2292.2

08

-2067.3

8.09.0
-14-56

0 .8
-6-.3 35

-2055.6

-199.8
-1

4 .9
3 .73
-12-3

-2
45

-4 55 .

-193.9

8.82.0
-13-5 3

.0

-461.1
-880.3
-884.4
-888.6
-892.7
-975.9
-980.0
-984.1
-988.2
-2424.4
-2430.5
-2436.6
-2442.6

-439.6

4.9
-43

.7

-101-408.9
5.6
-414.2
-679.4
-685.6
-691.7
-697.9
-2396.4
-2400.5
-4-2404.6
50.3
-2408.7
-2788.7
-2792.9
-2797.0
-2801.1

.9

.7

6 .6
5.90
-3 9-2

-7
76

-10 1 6

-826.

3
-17

-406.1
-411.5

-163.2

-103 .2
-100 .9

-439.6
-721.0
-447.6
-549.7
-555.8
-562.0
-568.2
-1872.8
-1878.9
-2-1885.1
47.8
-1891.3
-2141.2
-2147.4
-2153.5
-2159.7

-80
-272
-408
-544
-680
-816
-952
-1088
-1224
-1360

-1405
-1522
-1639
-1756
-1873
-1990
-2108
-2225
-2342
-2443
-10.00

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-101
-234
-351
-468
-585
-703
-820
-937
-1054
-1171

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

-20.00

-15.00

-10.00

-5.00

Sector of system Group 60...63 70

m
M 1 : 272
X * 0.760
Y * 0.708
Z * 0.960

X Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8211 MIN-N STAB

, 1 cm 3D = 12625. kN (Min=-2801.) (Max=-111.4)


Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8231 MIN-N
FACH (Min=-1090.) (Max=-65.9)

112

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

50.00
40.00
30.00

30.00
20.00

-496.0
-77.3
8
92.
-80.1 - 7
-537.4
-540.2
0
-543.0 - 450.

-681.0
-686.0

-548.6

-222.5

-659.6
4
-662.4 - 118.
-665.2
-676.8

20.00

-2
59
.2

-59
6.9

--486.3
204
.5
-491.8

-147.4

-12
8.2

-4906.1.7
59
-4914.6
-2

-658.6
4
-661.4 -145.
-664.3
-676.0

-79
4.0

-59
8.2

.1
56
-2

-562.6

-626.2
-629.0
-631.8
-634.7
-647.3

-4888.3
-8
5.
7
-4897.6

-592.4

-454.4
-458.6
-462.8
-466.9
-471.1

-222.1

-90
.1

-153.7

4
7.

-448.8

-9

6.5
-61 .3
0
-62 .1
4
-62 7.9
-62

-1 67.9

-4915.2

-162.5

-61.4
-62.0

-4898.2

-4885.0.7
55
-4893.5
-2

-57. 1

-94.4
-627.5
-630.3
9
50.
-633.1 -4
-635.9

-56.2

9
-88.8 -852.

-49.6
.3
96
-48-.7

-4888.9

-4906.7

-148.8

-573.6
-577.8
-582.0
-586.2

-170.1

-4979.6

-591.1

-85
0.1

2
3.
-9

-4971.1

-4867.2
-87
.6
-4876.5

10.00

.6

-4962.6

-652.3

0.00

8
-4

-4953.3

-267.2
-269.9
-272.7

--413.8
21
2.8
-419.4
-423.6

-161.6

-289.8

-10.00

-162.0
-286.1

-56.6
-57. 4

-62.2
-62.8

60.00

40.00

70.00

50.00

-2794
-3036
-3279
-3522
-3765
-4008
-4251
-4494
-4737
-4915

-56
-364
-607
-850
-1093
-1336
-1579
-1822
-2065
-2308

-2835
-3082
-3328
-3575
-3821
-4068
-4315
-4561
-4808
80.00 -4980

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-49
-370
-616
-863
-1109
-1356
-1603
-1849
-2096
-2342

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

-681.8
-657.3

-10.00

-40.00

0.00

-30.00

10.00

-20.00

-686.9

110.00
Z
XY

120.00

Sector of system Group 60...63 70


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8211 MIN-N STAB
, 1 cm 3D = 31563. kN (Min=-4980.) (Max=-48.7)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8231 MIN-N
FACH (Min=-850.1) (Max=-48.6)

130.00

m
M 1 : 279
X * 0.502
Y * 0.906
Z * 0.962

-130.00
Z
XY

-120.00

-110.00

Sector of system Group 60...63 70


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8211 MIN-N STAB
, 1 cm 3D = 31563. kN (Min=-4915.) (Max=-56.2)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8231 MIN-N
FACH (Min=-852.9) (Max=-85.7)

M 1 : 288
X * 0.502
Y * 0.906
Z * 0.962

113

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.2.5

Member forces

- steel columns axis Hn

Steel columns in axis Hn N max


WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

754.0
-180.9
210.5

-485.6
-699.8

-159.2
100.00

-714.2
260.6
-288.4
-424.9

-136.5

-714.2
347.7

320.2
-269.1

521.3
-334.2

-284.7

50.00

231.5

1110.0

867.2

809.4
755.9
-234.0
-128.9
1050.9

440.6

592.1

-159.8

684.2

503.5

385.1

-136.5

591.9

0.00

-218.0

-181.3
-178.9
510.4
2952.1
-50.00

-166.7
686.5
-161.3

-245.0
917.5

74.5

-276.4
-166.5
-484.4
-699.1

235.3

-100.00

-712.5
-288.9
-426.3

236.8
444.4

-716.1
200.3
-699.8
592.5
-217.5

-523.5

2956.8
100.00

Y
X

50.00

Sector of system Group 80


Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8230 MAX-N FACH

0.00

-50.00

m
M 1 : 741

X * 0.502
Y * 0.906
Z * 0.962

(Min=-716.1) (Max=2957.)

114

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Steel columns in axis Hn N min
WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 11.07.2016

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-9915.9
-8364.5
-1063.2

-12660.1
-18406.0

-7765.8
100.00

-18341.1
-1081.5
-13006.9
-11605.9

-6122.8

-18560.1
-6505.2

-18687.3
-13733.1

-5461.6
-12248.3

-9621.8

50.00

-5646.5

-1191.3

-5677.7

-925.9
-5411.4
-14289.4
-4559.5
-6419.2

-1111.5

-6186.1

-8400.3

-1056.7

-1081.2

-7775.3

-6175.2

-1099.0

0.00

-9669.1

-8377.5
-6503.2
-3790.3
-10590.5
-50.00

-5474.6
-936.2
-5646.6

-7528.3
-1369.1

-5732.2

-10005.8
-5468.7
-12771.1
-18727.4

-6493.7

-100.00

-18477.5
-13023.7
-11591.2

-6196.5
-1065.8

-18559.9
-7785.7
-20867.1
-1066.6
-9682.8

-14878.0
-12886.1

100.00

Y
X

50.00

Sector of system Group 80


Truss Elements , Normal force Nx in kN, Loadcase 8231 MIN-N FACH

0.00

-50.00

m
M 1 : 741

X * 0.502
Y * 0.906
Z * 0.962

(Min=-20867.) (Max=-925.9)

c:\nobr\extern\160706_3259_sdz_analyse_uls_maxima.cdb

115

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.2.6

Member forces VVIP entrance

Within this chapter, the forces of the VVIP- entrance are shown in
following more in detail. The forces are from global FE-analysis at ULS.

116

the

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
VVIP-entrance - max N [kN]

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

32
6
32 .6
6.
4

285.9
289.0
286.
0

816.7

43
6.
3
9.
3
0.00

43
8.
433 3
.1
460.9
534
.9
538.
1

810.6

535.5
484.4
52 7.4
7
.
586
517. 3
.7
598
428.7
8
.
602
2 415.7
600. 9
593.
585.1
9
.368.2
294
442.5

423.0
411.7
404.2
396.7

-10.00

430.6
284.3

462.6
57
5
57 .0
8.7
575
.8
567.
0

43

-20.00

284.3

410.6

204.6

.9
61 1
.

426.4

800.0

20
60
21 0. 4
.5
6
21 .1
57
5
.3
21 .4
3.
51.5
210 6
.5
829.0 4
.89
822.9

62

439. 4

294.9

806.1

322.5
0
320. 6
.
315
4
.
307
9
3.
56

538.1
528.0

818.4 4
. 61
812.3

20
21 3.5
9
21 . 5
8
21 .9
7.
0
21
4.0

7
3.
20 .0
4
20 2.9
20

54

452.6
548
.7
546.
2

.2
59 3
.
59

57
.8
.6
51.6

419
.0

309.2
247.3
185.5
123.7
61.8
4.5

7
6.
20
0
7.
20 5.9
20

42
5.
2
4.
1

3
2.

42

10.00

42

829.0
762.7
700.8
639.0
577.1
515.3
453.5

433.9

389.2

423.0
416.0
408.9
110.00

90.00

80.00

70.00

60.00

50.00

20.00

7
59
9.
541. 8
6
603
.8
601
.2
592.
5
492.6

295.5

745.8

468.9

601.
8
.0
573 5
93.6

295. 5

.
588

585.

443.2
434.6

57 6.3
457.0
437.5
.0
290

423.8

429.1
420.5

416.7
409.7

5
10.00

4.6
1

467.5
290.0

1.

36
5.
356 3
.5
600
.1
604
.2

739.7
733.6

0.
3

0.00

205.8

37

2
9.
36

743.6

752.0

37

630.

749.7

48
.9
51.2

.0

638
.7

52

755.9

21
9.
5

.6

762.0

50
.0
51.8

53

329.8
.7
329
.6
325 7
7.
31

284.0
227.2
170.4
113.6
56.8
4.5

38
7.
6

2.

53.

38

X * 0.808
Y * 0.641
Z * 0.968

.3
207 . 6
207 .5
6
20
0
4.
20 .2
0
22
.6
202
2.9
20 . 8
1
20
4
9.
19 .9
4
6
21
288.0
54.
.7
54 2
.
53

3
6.
3 8 .8
8
38

762.0
700.7
643.8
587.0
530.2
473.4
416.6

M 1 : 250

-10.00

XY

100.00

Sector of system Group 250...256


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8210 MAX-N STAB , 1 cm 3D = 3156. kN (Max=829.0)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8230 MAX-N FACH , 1 cm 3D = 1263. kN (Max=294.9)

291.8
291.4
287.
8
280
.6

409.6
402.6
395.5

-110.00

Z
YX

-100.00

-90.00

-80.00

-70.00

-60.00

Sector of system Group 250...256


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8210 MAX-N STAB , 1 cm 3D = 3156. kN (Max=762.0)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8230 MAX-N FACH , 1 cm 3D = 1263. kN (Max=295.5)

M 1 : 250
X * 0.744
Y * 0.691
Z * 0.985

c:\nobr\extern\al bayt\160707 update 2 report bilder_100% primarysteel!!60706

117

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
VVIP-entrance - min N [kN]

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-1

24.7
-28.5
-71.2
-113.9
-156.6
-199.3
-242.0

10.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

-289.6

-300.3

11
-35210.2.
-277.3
-283.1

-305.3

-288.8

-310.3

-294.3

-295.3

0.00
-10.00

.5

-20 1.7

-202.1

-20.00

28

-1
4
-1
-1 .4
38
6
.3
-18 .1
-15
.4
9.2
-37.3
-525.1 165.1
4.4 -42.2
3
-538.6
5.61
7
.
4
-54 7
24.7 -542.
6. 82
7. 54
.4
4
3
-3
1.6
-34
-48.7
.7
-345 .9
-349

-2
-2 05.
08 4
.0

-204
.5
-2 0
2.9
-2
24.
7
-2
27
.8

-220.8
.7

-223

-3

-201.7

.8
31 2
-1 35.
-1

-1
3
-20.8
-1 8. 5
-2
4.7 -25.7
41
.1
7
-2 05.
08 7
.4
5.9
-517
21 . 3
5
-2 1.6
14
-5 30.8
7.17
.
2
.9
17. 7
-536 .0
4
8.41
5
3
--1581
9.16 .5
33
9.
2
-34
6.
9
-35
1 .3
-35
2.7
-279.3
-284.5

-341.6
-384.3
-427.0
-469.7
-512.4
-544.7

.3
98
-1 1.7
0 6
-2 03.
-2

.1
32
-1 5.4
3
-1

.6
98 0
-1
.
02 9
-2 03.
-2

-1
7.
1
9.
4

5.

-1

-299.0
-303.7
-308.4
110.00

80.00

70.00

60.00

50.00

Sector of system Group 250...256


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8211 MIN-N STAB , 1 cm 3D = 3156. kN (Min=-544.7) (Max=24.7)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8231 MIN-N FACH , 1 cm 3D = 631.2 kN (Min=-202.1) (Max=-201.7)

X * 0.808
Y * 0.641
Z * 0.968

20.00

10.7
-41.6
-83.2
-124.8
-166.4
-208.1
-249.7

M 1 : 250

8 .4
-19
1.8
-20 3.7
0
-2 05.5 3
-2 09.
-2
1.6
- 1 3 .0
35 1
.
38
-1
-1

9
3.
-1

2.5
-13 .9
35
-1 39.0
-1

10.00

.1

-285.9

9.9

-280.2

02
-2

-200.9

-205.0

-19

8
-223.
8.2
-22
.9
30

-2

-200.9

-1
5
3
- 1 .6
9
6.
7.
7
1
2
-5
1
.8
6
-1 -21
0
.5 -1
20
.
- 2 4.8 -524
.
66. 3
17
-23 6
1
0
.5
.8
-538.
5.9
.1
0
-544 1
2.
7
4
.
5
5
12
-1
.
7
82.2
7.84
2
-2
8.8
9.11
-32 .3
9
-33
- 48.1
6.7
3
- 4 0.8
-49.2
-35
.2
-50.0
-355
4 -205.0
-3 56. -282.0

-291.4

0.00

8
0.
- 1 2.4
-1

10.7
-1
5.85 -517.9
5
-2
-5 24.5 -16 8.9
5.6
4.8
- 2 12.
0
6
.
8
15 4
-53
-2
6.88
18 .4
.1
.1
-544 1
.
2
4
8.11
-5
8.86
-3
-48.6
2
-3 4.6
35
-49.7
- 3 4 .0
2.
-34 4
6.6
-347
.7

-346.8
-388.4
-430.0
-471.6
-513.2
-544.1

-287.7

-296.1

-10.00

XY

90.00

-205
.5
-22
-2 2.0
-2 24.
26 9
.8

100.00

-293.4

-300.8

-299.0

-305.5

-303.7
-308.4
-20.00

-313.1
-110.00

Z
YX

-100.00

-90.00

-80.00

-70.00

-60.00

Sector of system Group 250...256


Beam Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8211 MIN-N STAB , 1 cm 3D = 3156. kN (Min=-544.1) (Max=10.7)
Truss Elements , Normal force Nx, Loadcase 8231 MIN-N FACH , 1 cm 3D = 1263. kN (Min=-205.0) (Max=-200.9)

M 1 : 250
X * 0.744
Y * 0.691
Z * 0.985

c:\nobr\extern\al bayt\160707 update 2 report bilder_100% primarysteel!!60706

118

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
VVIP-entrance - max MY [kNm]

42.6

-10.00
-20.00

382.2
319.7

64.0

157.9

0.00

265.5
270.5

52
8.
3
620
.8
657.5
549.2
43 1.4
.6
257

.2
41 9
4.
23
.5
358

85.7

117.6

265.5

157.9

317.8
469.6

75.5

583.8

268.5

321.2
43.
6

73.4 159.6
127.1
158.6 83.1
127.3 149.2
195.4
149.2
83.0
269.0

159.6

268.5

.1

6 2.9
20.0
28.
0
27 201.
1.
4 3
204
466.7
.1

5
2.
32

3.
3
1.7

.9

0
9.
.3
38

201

21.6

24 6.1

33.1

0.0

58.2

101.5
73.1

3
28.
9
47 .
7
77.

58.2 58.5

5
2.

39.1

248

67.3

267.3

463.9

580.5

8
53
7.1
8.
9
633
.6
6 41.6
21
561.2
8.
441.0 33 9
4.
4
.
3
325 4
26
.
85.4
328 3
.9
80.5

42.9

12.9

8.

1.3

193.5

0.0

128.9
-30.00

258.3

21.3

64.5
0.0
80.00

70.00

60.00

50.00

40.00

30.00

20.00

0.00

112.9

153.2

259.6

-10.00

468.0

581.8

269.7

259.6

316.5

56
9.
5
684
.9
704. 5
615.2

.5
71 2
.
2
22
.9
3
38
.2
2
3 9
3
259.

158.2

-20.00

153.1

80.0

153.5

125.6 145.4
195.0
145.2
79.9
268.1

125.6
155.7

465.1

1.
6

72.
99 9
.1
15
0. 271 201.
0 .1 1

42.1

73.6
41
58.8 .4
18.6

9.
34

2.5

5
0.
.5
73

211.2

12.9

213.3
5
215.

72.8

317.1
260.1

260.1

153.5

X * 0.910
Y * 0.491
Z * 0.965

58.4

102.1
75.7

58.1 63.0

7
63.
7
93.

2 20
203 71.1 1.1
.8

M 1 : 250

50.5

50.3

269.1

584.2
2.
7
14

4.
9
707
.5
725.9
23
634.7
5.
500.0 35 4
9
2
.
. 3
0
301
53.
2
317.0
1.6
263.7

466.9

3
0.
37
60

40.8

0.1
469.9

5.5
0.0

145.8
6 270.7
221.
.6
150

112.3

Sector of system Beam Elements Group 110 250...254


Beam Elements , Bending moment My, Loadcase 8218 MAX-MY STAB , 1 cm 3D = 750.0 kNm (Min=-4.7785e-14) (Max=657.5)

281.4

210.7
191.4
172.4

105.4

129.2
52.7

-30.00

725.9
707.7
689.6
671.4
653.3
635.1
617.0
598.9
580.7
562.6
544.4
526.3
508.1
490.0
471.8
453.7
435.5
417.4
399.2
381.1
344.8
326.6
308.5
290.4
272.2
254.1
235.9
217.8
199.6
181.5
163.3
145.2
127.0
108.9
90.7
72.6
54.4
36.3
18.1
0.0
Z
YX

32

4.0

14

XY

466.8
157. 4
3
239. 268.9

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

69.2

657.5
641.1
624.6
608.2
591.8
575.3
558.9
542.4
526.0
509.6
493.1
476.7
460.3
443.8
427.4
410.9
394.5
378.1
361.6
345.2
312.3
295.9
279.4
263.0
246.6
230.1
213.7
197.3
180.8
164.4
147.9
131.5
115.1
98.6
82.2
65.8
49.3
32.9
16.4
0.0

119.9

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

86.2
43.1

-70.00

-60.00

-50.00

-40.00

-30.00

-20.00

-10.00

Sector of system Beam Elements Group 110 250...254


Beam Elements , Bending moment My, Loadcase 8218 MAX-MY STAB , 1 cm 3D = 750.0 kNm (Min=-4.8609e-14) (Max=725.9)

M 1 : 250
X * 0.942
Y * 0.432
Z * 0.962

c:\nobr\extern\al bayt\160707 update 2 report bilder_100% primarysteel!!60706

119

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
VVIP-entrance - min MY [kNm]

0
-1

5.

0.00

-5.5
-0.0
-10.00

-1

-8.2

3.8
-6.3

-124.1

5.6

-38.3

3.8

-5.6 -0.3
-4.8
-3.0
0.4

-39.3
-22.0
-1 50.
5
-79.
0
-10
8.5
-16
9.9
-2
49
.1
-4
31
.5

.4

-7
0

4.
-128.8
4
-11
9.7
2
3.
-8
2 80 .3
-42.
-1.3 -361.1
-309.5

-2.1 . 2
-3 . 1
-3

-4.0

9
3.
-1 56.5
-

-0.5

.4

.8
-48 4.4
-7

24
.9
-21
5.2
-215 .2

-152.2
-20.00

.2
-107

-258.7

-83.3
-74.1

-193.8
-129.1

-83.2

-64.6

-62.2

-0.0

-41.4

-30.00

21

-1.7

.1
03
-1

.0

-1

-1
5

-32.

-58.3

-25.0
-33. 7

-39.4

-52.0
-31.9
-24.1
9
-22.

-28.2

16
-4

-1
02
.0
-18
1.2
-1 81.2

-5.8

-157.2
9
-82.
5.5
-11
9.8
-1 6
9.7
-23

3.

-125.6 48.9
-49.0

.5

-4

-14.2

-20.7
-0.0
80.00

70.00

60.00

50.00

40.00

30.00

-14

-15

0.00

-7.7

3.8
1.9
2.

-10.00

-13.5
4.9

-0.3

3.8
1.9

-5.6
-4.8

-52.4
-41.0

1.8

5.4

9.7
-11
.6
-201
-290.3
3
.
2
-233.5 -

-167.7
-125.7

-20.00

9.
-7

-158.
-3.0
4
-83.
0.4
4
-92
.8
4.9
-14
2.1
-2
1.9
42
-4.7
.5
-4
21
.1
-73.5

-3

.2

-5.6
-0.0
7.1 12.2

8
-7

-3 .1
-3.0

.0
-75

6
6.
-7

-0.5

-39.3

-23.8

6
-155 .

-62.8

.8

-1
16
.3
-1
44
.2
-42.2
-10
5.5
-19
5.1
-203.3
-185.4

X * 0.910
Y * 0.491
Z * 0.965

-23.6
-31.9

-5.3

M 1 : 250

31

2
-79.
.9
-87
1.4
-14
9.2
-24

-4

.7
-11
2.8
-1 12.8

0
2
7. 12.

-4

-25.0
-33.7

-12.9

-19.7
-0.0

-25.

-5.2
-28.0
-38.9
-74.1 -48.7
-13.9

-3.1 .1
-3

-2.1

-8.2

Sector of system Beam Elements Group 110 250...254


Beam Elements , Bending moment My, Loadcase 8219 MIN-MY STAB , 1 cm 3D = 750.0 kNm (Min=-431.5) (Max=5.64)

-180.4

-83.8

-135.2
-41.9

-30.00

12.2
0.0
-11.1
-22.2
-33.3
-44.4
-55.5
-66.6
-77.7
-88.8
-99.9
-111.0
-122.1
-133.2
-144.3
-155.4
-166.5
-177.6
-188.7
-199.8
-222.0
-233.1
-244.2
-255.3
-266.4
-277.5
-288.6
-299.7
-310.8
-321.9
-333.0
-344.1
-355.2
-366.3
-377.4
-388.5
-399.6
-410.7
-421.8
-431.8
Z
YX

-21.6
-0.0

-8

XY

-4.7

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-3.1 -6.8
0
-3.

5.6
0.0
-21.9
-32.8
-43.7
-54.6
-65.6
-76.5
-87.4
-98.4
-109.3
-120.2
-131.2
-142.1
-153.0
-163.9
-174.9
-185.8
-196.7
-207.7
-229.5
-240.5
-251.4
-262.3
-273.2
-284.2
-295.1
-306.0
-317.0
-327.9
-338.8
-349.8
-360.7
-371.6
-382.5
-393.5
-404.4
-415.3
-426.3
-431.5

-7.7

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

-90.1
-45.1

-70.00

-60.00

-50.00

-40.00

-30.00

-20.00

-10.00 m

Sector of system Beam Elements Group 110 250...254


Beam Elements , Bending moment My, Loadcase 8219 MIN-MY STAB , 1 cm 3D = 750.0 kNm (Min=-431.8) (Max=12.2)

M 1 : 250
X * 0.942
Y * 0.432
Z * 0.962

120

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
VVIP-entrance - max MZ [kNm]

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

26.

80.00

70.00

60.00

50.00

0.00
-10.00
-20.00

40.00

30.00

20.00

Sector of system Beam Elements Group 110 250...254


Beam Elements , Bending moment Mz, Loadcase 8220 MAX-MZ STAB , 1 cm 3D = 471.9 kNm (Min=-0.103) (Max=327.3)

M 1 : 250
X * 0.910
Y * 0.491
Z * 0.965

-10.00

0.00

.1
9
-0.0 100 197. 1.0 7.9
.1
.3 3
29
19
100
24 48 . 71 .4
.2 3 0.0 4
0.0
4
48 2 4.
0.0
8.
0
.4
8 4. 98.4
0.2
0.
1
.1
0.0 9 194 285. 19
6
.
0
9
1
.
0 0
. 09
.
.
8
0
0.
0
9
0
0
3
.
1
0.5
7 6 38.
0.0
0.0 .1 0.1
0.0
0.0
8.4
0
0
0
0.0
.
0.4
0.0
8
0.1 0.
.9
0.0
24
7.
16
0.0 .0
4
4
.
0.0
8
0.9
48
.4
9
5.7
9
68 75 .4 77. 77.6 4.6 .7
0.0 2
0.0 16.
7 68
4
1 6.2
.
1.3
.
2.4
59 9.0
6
75 4
0.0 25.
4
1
.
1.8
5.0
1
5
8
.7
4.
.4
34
16
1.3
126 5
7.5
2
.
.
4
17
0.9 44
2
.
10.
9
1
10
0.5
2
7.6
47.

4
2.
13
8
5.
13
9
.
1
10
0
.
68
0
.
34

-70.00

-60.00

-50.00

-40.00

-30.00

-20.00

5.2
9
54.
.6
2.9
1 35
0.6
.4
215 .8
3
4
2.
19
4
5.
12
6
1.
13
.8
8
9
.1
66
.2
33

1
1.

-30.00

291.0
283.7
276.4
269.1
261.9
254.6
247.3
240.0
232.8
225.5
218.2
211.0
203.7
196.4
189.1
181.9
174.6
167.3
160.0
152.8
145.5
130.9
123.7
116.4
109.1
101.8
94.6
87.3
80.0
72.7
65.5
58.2
50.9
43.6
36.4
29.1
21.8
14.5
7.3
0.0
-0.0
Z
YX

.0
10 5 20 8.5 8.7
.5
30
2
20 8
.0
0.0
48. .4 4.3
105
0.4
2
.1
71
0.0
107
0.
.8
2
9
.0
2
0
0
.
0.0
1
0
0.0
212 315. 212.8 07.1
92
0.
0. 0.
1
0.0
.9 2.3 7.3
2
3
0.0
0.0
9 4
1
1
1
0.0
9.
-0. 0.1 -0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0 24.0
0.0
0.0 18.3
. 4 6.0 1
3
0.0
6
0.0
7
.
.
7
1
7
1
0.9
8
.
6
.
2
7
9
8
0.1 27.9
80. 01.0
.8 8
0.1
1 70
1
.8
1.3
0.0
5. 1
121
6
31
.
2.5
9
7
1
5
.3
1.8
2.
250
18
5.1
3
0.0 327.
1.4
7.7
.1
3
.
0.9
197
16
2
10
.3
0.5
74.
3
7.
7.8
0.1 8 89.7
2
15.
5.3
8
36.
59.8
6
3
97.
86. 3.6
3
0
6
73.
37.
6
.7
48.
105
3
.
4
1
2
79.
0.0
6
52.

58
.6

XY

0.1

22
4.
3

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-30.00

327.3
311.0
302.8
294.7
286.5
278.3
270.1
261.9
253.7
245.5
237.4
229.2
221.0
212.8
204.6
196.4
188.3
180.1
171.9
163.7
147.3
139.1
131.0
122.8
114.6
106.4
98.2
90.0
81.8
73.7
65.5
57.3
49.1
40.9
32.7
24.6
16.4
8.2
0.0
-0.1

-20.00

-10.00

Sector of system Beam Elements Group 110 250...254


Beam Elements , Bending moment Mz, Loadcase 8220 MAX-MZ STAB , 1 cm 3D = 471.9 kNm (Min=-2.4526e-04) (Max=291.0)

M 1 : 250
X * 0.942
Y * 0.432
Z * 0.962

121

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
VVIP-entrance - min MZ [kNm]

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

70.00

60.00

50.00

40.00

0.00
-10.00
-20.00

30.00

20.00

Sector of system Beam Elements Group 110 250...254


Beam Elements , Bending moment Mz, Loadcase 8221 MIN-MZ STAB , 1 cm 3D = 597.7 kNm (Min=-519.0) (Max= 1.8173e-04)

1
-0.

7
3
9
73. 344. 513.
-1
-

-7.1
-9.5
-7.2
-4.9

0
5.
-8
0
0.
-8

-60.00

0.00

.5
-20
.0
-64
7
0.
-9

.3
31
-1
5
8.
-9
8
5.
6
9
.
2
-3

-70.00

-10.00

-2.3
-4.7

-2.7
-0.5

X * 0.910
Y * 0.491
Z * 0.965

3
.7
44.
-3 -173 - 7.1 14.1 20 .9 4. 1
.6
.0
- - -1
76 351
.3 .0
1
-1.3
-1
21
6
7.
-0.0
-5 -351 76.
.2
5 .0 5 0
8
5
5
.
.
.
5 31 6 . 1 .
-1
.
-0
2
5
1
8
8
0
4
. - - -3
5
.
-0.5
-0.
-0.
0
5
0
.
3
5
-1
9 .6
-0.0
-0.0
-2. -5
-0.0
5 .9
-0.0
-8. -5 -3.0
3
-0.0
.
8
.1
-0.0
-8
4 . .7 0
-0.0
-0
-6 -65 -6 4. 5 9.5 .8
.3
.5
4
3
4
7
6
7
5
.
.
-1 -0.0
3 - -63
80 .0
8.5
8.
5 -1
-0
-10 73.8
-4
.7 328.
4
1
6
2
.
4
-0.9
-24 1.6
6
4.
-32
7
4 -1.3
6
.
4
.
3
-19
-3
.3 -1.8
-74

-0.0
-0.0
-0.0

M 1 : 250

-20.00

0.0
0.0
-26.1
-39.1
-52.1
-65.2
-78.2
-91.2
-104.3
-117.3
-130.3
-143.4
-156.4
-169.4
-182.4
-195.5
-208.5
-221.5
-234.6
-247.6
-273.7
-286.7
-299.7
-312.8
-325.8
-338.8
-351.9
-364.9
-377.9
-391.0
-404.0
-417.0
-430.1
-443.1
-456.1
-469.1
-482.2
-495.2
-508.2
-521.3
Z
YX

80.00

2
-0.

6
3.
-8
.0
34
-1
.6
00
-1
1
7.
-6
.6
3
-3

-50.00

-40.00

-30.00

-30.00

XY

5.8 9 .4
.0
-1 7 -34 -519
9.4 8
-3 4 -175. -8.3
.4
-0.0
4.2 5.1
-24 6.4
-1.3
-17 -34
4.7 .1
-1
-0.0
7
6
1
.
4
-51 -345 74.2
8
.
7
.
-0.
3. -7. -10 -7. -3
2
2
0
.
-1
-0.0 1
-8
-0.6
5
-0.
0.0
-5.
-0.0
6
.
-0.0
-0.0
-3
0
-0.0
-0. 0
-7. 10.5
3 7
2
-2.4
-0.0
-7. -3.
-7.
0
.9
1
-0.
-23
-0.0
5
-0.
-4.8
.
-0.0
.0
-0 .0
-14
2
.4 .5 -69 1.6 8.7
.
8
7
2
.8
-7.3
-7
-6 63.7 4
6 - -57
- 37.
-21 -81.
4
-0.5
.4
14.-0
8
8
3
-9.8
.0
.
.7
-1.0
173
-75
-7.4
0.6 -0.0
.9
-12 .4
05
-1.5
-1
8
-5.1
-16
5
-2.0
05.
.4
-2.8
1
4
-5
.8
-1.5
-0.5
-45
8
.
1
-1
.0
5
1
-2
-58. 2
8
41. -0.6
.
1
4
-16
.6
-223 9.3
8.1
9
-17
-19
-4.
3.7
7
3
.
3
1
-16
.2
-89
8.0
-17
.7
-44
3.6
-13
.2
-89
.7
4
-4

2
-0.

-8
0.
1

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-30.00

0.0
0.0
-25.9
-38.9
-51.9
-64.9
-77.8
-90.8
-103.8
-116.8
-129.7
-142.7
-155.7
-168.7
-181.6
-194.6
-207.6
-220.6
-233.5
-246.5
-272.5
-285.4
-298.4
-311.4
-324.4
-337.3
-350.3
-363.3
-376.3
-389.2
-402.2
-415.2
-428.2
-441.1
-454.1
-467.1
-480.1
-493.0
-506.0
-519.0

-20.00

-10.00

Sector of system Beam Elements Group 110 250...254


Beam Elements , Bending moment Mz, Loadcase 8221 MIN-MZ STAB , 1 cm 3D = 464.8 kNm (Min=-521.3) (Max= 4.6478e-16)

M 1 : 250
X * 0.942
Y * 0.432
Z * 0.962

122

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
VVIP-entrance - max MT [kNm]

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.5

0.00

0.2

0.3

0.7

.5

.1
79
2
93.
.0
3
10
.3
103
94.5

2.4

3.0
3.4

3.7

0.0

0.0

0.0 0.0 0.0

64

0.3

-10.00

33
.
39 6
.6
40.
6
36.
9

0.6

0.0
0.0

-0.0

3.4
9.6
16.
3
22.
9
30.
40 3
5 1 .4
.9

0.5

0.4

0.6

0.3

0.0

-20.00

0.5

0.3

0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0
0.0
0.
0.
0
2
1 .0
0.0
0
.
1.0
0.0
1.0 1
0.0
0.0
0. 0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.3
0
.
0.2
0
0.3

1.4

0.5

0.3 0
.1

0.5
0.0

0.0
0.0

-0.0

0.0 0.0

0.0

-30.00

0.0
0.0

80.00

70.00

60.00

50.00

40.00

30.00

20.00

Sector of system Beam Elements Group 110 250...254


Beam Elements , Torsional moment Mt, Loadcase 8216 MAX-MT STAB , 1 cm 3D = 100.0 kNm (Min=-3.0345e-04) (Max=103.3)

-10.00

0.0

9
47
.

18 .
2
22.
3

0.0

0.00

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0 0.0 0.0


0.0 0.0
0.1
0. 0 0. 9
0.0
0.1
0.9
0. 9
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
0. 0
0.0
13.5

0.0

3.3
8.4

3.2

0.0

0.0

X * 0.910
Y * 0.491
Z * 0.965

26
.2
34
.2

.3
31

0.5

.3
70

0. 2

.6
89

3
99.
2.3

0.0 0.0

2.9
3.3

6
99.

91.0

-20.00

0.3 0.1

9.2

22 .5

0
0.

.8

0.6

30
.9

27.0
3
30.
9
31.

31

0.4 36.6
37.
5
33.
9

15.6

0.3
0.0

M 1 : 250

0.0

0.0 0.0 0.
0 0.0 0.0
0.0
0.0
0.9 0.9 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0

0. 0
0.0

0.0

3.6

0.0
0.0

0.0
-30.00

0.0
0.0

99.6
97.1
94.6
92.1
89.6
87.2
84.7
82.2
79.7
77.2
74.7
72.2
69.7
67.2
64.7
62.3
59.8
57.3
54.8
52.3
47.3
44.8
42.3
39.8
37.4
34.9
32.4
29.9
27.4
24.9
22.4
19.9
17.4
14.9
12.5
9.9
7.5
5.0
2.5
0.0
Z
YX

1.0 1.0 1.0

11.0
16.8
22.6
25.4
1
25.
9
21.
.7
15 .1
24

XY

0.0 0.0
0.0 0.0
0.0
0.
0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

0.0

103.3
100.7
98.1
95.5
93.0
90.4
87.8
85.2
82.6
80.0
77.5
74.9
72.3
69.7
67.1
64.6
62.0
59.4
56.8
54.2
51.6
46.5
43.9
41.3
38.7
36.2
33.6
31.0
28.4
25.8
23.2
20.7
18.1
15.5
12.9
10.3
7.7
5.2
2.6
0.0
-0.0

0.0
0.0

-70.00

-60.00

-50.00

-40.00

-30.00

-20.00

-10.00

Sector of system Beam Elements Group 110 250...254


Beam Elements , Torsional moment Mt, Loadcase 8216 MAX-MT STAB , 1 cm 3D = 50.0 kNm (Max=99.6)

M 1 : 250
X * 0.942
Y * 0.432
Z * 0.962

c:\nobr\extern\al bayt\160707 update 2 report bilder_100% primarysteel!!60706

123

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
VVIP-entrance - min MT [kNm]

0.00

-0.0

-0.0

0
5.

2.
-3

-10.00

-0.0

1
4.
-2

-2.8
-3.2

-3.5

-0.0

-0 .1

-0.0

-0.3
.3
-37
.3
-38

-0.0

-34.

7
-20.00

.5

-0.
0
-0.
0

-0.1
-0.0

-0.0
-11.9

-17.8

- 23.2

.3

5
-30.
.7
-39
.7
-50

3
-6

-1

-97
.9

-89

-0
.0

-0.3

-0.5
-0.5

-9
7. -1.4
6
-2.2

-6.0 -0
.0
-1 .7 -0
.0 -0.0
-6.7 -0.0 -0.0
-12. -0.0 -0.0
9
-0.0
- 19
.3
-22
-0.3 -0.0
.5
-2
3.
-0.3
0
-2
-0.0
0.
5
-0.0

-0
.
-0. 1
1
-0.
1

-0.7

-0.0
-0.0

-0.0

-0.0

-0.0

-30.00

-0.0
-0.0

80.00

70.00

60.00

50.00

40.00

30.00

-2.2

-2.8
-3.1

-9
3
-1 .5
03
-10 .3
3
-94 .6
-3.4
.8
-0.0

0.00

-0.0

-0.0

-0.0

-10.00

-0.5
-0.5

-0.0

-0.5

-0.1
-0.3

4
2.
-3
0
4.
-3
.0
4
-0
.0
-41
2
-37.

-0.0

-0.0

- 0. 0

-0.0
-0.0

-0.0

-0.3

-0.5

-0.0
-0.0

-0.4
-0.5

-20.00

-1.3

-0.3

-0.1

-0.
0

-0.0

-9.1
-13.7
-18.9
4
-22.
.2
-28 3
.
-38 .0
0
-5 3.7
-7

-0.3

-0.3

-0 .3

-0.2

-0.0

-0.3

-0.0
-0.0

-0.2

-0.
0

-4.4
-10. 7
-16.
9
-23
.
-26 0
-2 .1
8
-3 .4
-3 0.7
2.
0

-0.3

-0.3

-0 .7

X * 0.910
Y * 0.491
Z * 0.965

-0.0
-0.0
-0.0

-0.0

-0.0

-0.3

-0.3
-0.2

-0.
-0 . 1
1
-0.
1

M 1 : 250

-0.0
-0.0

-0.
0
-0.
0

-0.0

Sector of system Beam Elements Group 110 250...254


Beam Elements , Torsional moment Mt, Loadcase 8217 MIN-MT STAB , 1 cm 3D = 50.0 kNm (Min=-97.9) (Max=0)

-0.6

-0.6

-0.0
-0.0

-0.0

-0.0

-0.0
-30.00

0.0
-2.6
-5.2
-7.8
-10.4
-12.9
-15.5
-18.1
-20.7
-23.3
-25.9
-28.5
-31.1
-33.7
-36.3
-38.8
-41.4
-44.0
-46.6
-49.2
-54.4
-57.0
-59.6
-62.2
-64.7
-67.3
-69.9
-72.5
-75.1
-77.7
-80.3
-82.9
-85.5
-88.1
-90.7
-93.2
-95.8
-98.4
-101.0
-103.6
Z
YX

-8
8.
2

-0.3

XY

-0.
0
-0.
0

1
8.
-7

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-0.3

0.0
-2.4
-4.9
-7.3
-9.8
-12.2
-14.7
-17.1
-19.6
-22.0
-24.5
-26.9
-29.4
-31.8
-34.3
-36.7
-39.2
-41.6
-44.1
-46.5
-51.4
-53.9
-56.3
-58.8
-61.2
-63.6
-66.1
-68.5
-71.0
-73.4
-75.9
-78.3
-80.8
-83.2
-85.7
-88.1
-90.6
-93.0
-95.5
-97.9

-0.0

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

-0.0
-0.0

-70.00

-60.00

-50.00

-40.00

-30.00

-20.00

-10.00

Sector of system Beam Elements Group 110 250...254


Beam Elements , Torsional moment Mt, Loadcase 8217 MIN-MT STAB , 1 cm 3D = 100.0 kNm (Min=-103.6) (Max=0)

M 1 : 250
X * 0.942
Y * 0.432
Z * 0.962

c:\nobr\extern\al bayt\160707 update 2 report bilder_100% primarysteel!!60706

124

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3

Member design

For member design, an Excel sheet is made in accordance to BS EN 1993 1-3:2006.


Once the results for compression/tension and moments on each member are
obtained from the global FE model, additional axial forces and bending moments
are implemented on the member design for effects, which are not covered by the
global FE-model. These further forces and moments are explained on this
subchapter.
This chapter consists of the following sections
- Description of the secondary steel elements and the used models
- Description of Load cases and loading assumptions
- Sizing of Secondary Steel
Secondary steel elements are identified in the next pages.

125

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Intermediate Truss

groups: 60-61-62-63-70

Upper Chord / Facade Post

group 60

Lower Chord

group 61

126

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Horizontal Posts

group 62

Diagonals

group 63

127

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Horizontal Suspension

group 70

Columns, axis Hn

group: 80

128

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Upper Purlins

groups: 100-101

Additional Upper Purlins

group: 102

129

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Upper Purlins Ridge Line

group: 103

Upper Membrane Edge Purlins

group: 105

130

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Lower Purlins

groups 110-111

Additional Lower Purlins

group 112

131

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Lower Membrane Edge Purlins (Gantry) group: 115

Step Line Tangential Purlin

group: 120

132

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Faade Purlins

group: 130

Entrance Arcs, Inner and Outer groups: 140-141

133

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Inner Tangential Truss

groups: 160-161-163-164-167

Group 160-161 (Upper chord)

Groups 163-164 (lower Chord)

134

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 166 (Diagonals)

Group 167 (edge beam below upper chord X07-X13)

135

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Entrance Truss, Lower Chord

group 170

Entrance Truss, Diagonals

group 171

136

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Bracing, Horizontal, Upper

group 181

Bracing, Horizontal, Lower

group 182

137

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Bracing, Vertical, axis Hn

group 183

Bracing, Vertical, Facade

group 185

138

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Bracing, support axis X13

VVIP Main Arc, Main Arc Columns

group 186

group 250-251

139

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
VVIP Radial Small Arcs, Vertical

group 252-253

VVIP Vertical Posts

group 254

140

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
VVIP H support Main Columns

group 256

141

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
The procedure for member verification of the roof structure is detailed below:
1) Forces and element information (beam and truss) are exported from FE
model and listed as table. Input table examples for beam and truss
elements of a single radial truss are shown below.

Language??

Note: Each beam or truss element is subdivided into 2, 4 or 6 symmetrical


elements, depending on its position and length. For the verification, the
subdivisions are added together in order to obtain the total length of the
element for stress and stability analysis.

2) From FE model, cross section information which was assigned for each
element is exported. Cross section numbering and table are shown below.
For each cross section, data concerning dimensions and properties are
listed and later used for each member checking.

142

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Secondary steel structure 100%

Which member group?

Required design for each steel sections with maximum forces,


What is the effective length of the members ??
The roof structure is double symmetric containing out of 4x18=72 radial roof
axes. For this, a mirroring table was set in order to obtain the results for
the whole structure by using the information of the first quarter 18 axes. It
is important to state that same cross section properties and dimensions were
used for each group of symmetric members. Below, the table shows the related
symmetric axes for each quadrant.

143

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Once all data from FE


are selected among the
worst loading case in
below shows an example

model is exported, the information is compiled. Forces


subdivisions of each beam segment in order to obtain the
each member for performing the verification. The table
of the compiled data for purlins from axis 3

The numbering of the elements increases always from the outside to the inside.
For example the faade purlin numbering from #1 to #6 is marked in the sketch
above.
According to the numbering in sketch above the numbering in the design
spreadsheets has been carried out in the same way for example:

144

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

The table above shows the compilation of forces acting on each element ends,
depending on each load case. The worst case inner forces acting on each beam
are taken from the FE model.

145

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.1

Models, data and reference documents

3.3.1.1

Global forces

Global Forces are extracted from the following databases

3.3.1.2

Local structural systems

Additional effects are brought on the structural system via 2 FE models


-

Bending and torsion effects are applied on a FE-model where all main
structural nodes are supported. These supports only support forces
(PX,PY,PZ) but no moments ("fully hinged", "fully pinned"). By means of
this, only the additional effects can be analysed without the global
cantilever behaviour, which is already included in the global FEanalysis.

Axial compressive forces due to membrane in-plane action are applied on


the reference model, with no gravity loads included.

Please provide design calculations for each group of steel members with utility ratios.

146

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Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.1.2.1 Bending and torsion


These correspond to the following file
160621_3259_sdz_modell_kein_MT_in_purlins_VVIP_fixedNodes.cdb

All main nodes are fully pinned

How the rotational stability will be achieved if all joints are pinned?
We request DC to demonstrate the FEM model.

147

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

148

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.1.2.2 Normal force


These correspond to the following file
160621_3259_sdz_modell_kein_MT_in_purlins_VVIP

Only the structural supports are present

149

-50.00

0.00

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

-50.00

80.00

90.00

100.00

0.00

110.00

120.00

50.00

130.00

140.00

100.00

150.00

150

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.1.3

Reference packages

The present section is to read in conjunction with the following documents


-

Package
Package
Package
Package

113
1503
1507
1509

Wind
100%
100%
100%

tunnel test report


Structural Design - Primary Steel frame
design of membrane
Retractable Roof

151

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.1.4

Related data files

The primary steel elements are sized with the following additional load cases
listed in the table below, as well as from the following databases
- Imperfection loads
-

Retractable Roof loads

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

Load

Effect

Wind Pressure
Wind suction
Live load
Wind Pressure
Wind Pressure
Wind suction
Wind suction
Live Load
Membrane Forces
Membrane Forces
Membrane Forces
Dead Load

bending from load


bending from load
bending from load
torsion due to purlin eccentric connection
torsion due to purlin eccentric connection
torsion due to purlin eccentric connection
torsion due to purlin eccentric connection
torsion due to purlin eccentric connection
adds bending
adds torsion
adds compression
adds excentric load due to purlin geometry

Lower Purlin

x
x
x

Upper Purlin

x
x
x
x

Lower Chord

Facade Chord

711
714
717
712
713
715
716
718
719
720
722
723

Upper Chord

Load Case

x
x
x

730
731
732
733

x
x
x
x

Wind Pressure
Wind Pressure
Wind suction
Wind suction

bending from load


torsion due to purlin eccentric connection
bending from load
torsion due to purlin eccentric connection

734
735
737
738

x
x
x
x

Membrane Forces
Membrane Forces
Membrane Forces
Dead Load

adds bending
adds torsion
adds compression
adds excentric load due to purlin geometry

Membrane Forces
Membrane Forces
Membrane Forces
Membrane Forces
Wind Pressure
Wind suction
Live load
Membrane Forces
Wind
Membrane Forces

adds torsion
adds torsion
adds bending
adds bending
bending from load
bending from load
bending from load
adds compression
bending from load
adds compression

740
750
741
751
742
743
744
745
752
755
760

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

Wind VVIP UnbalancedUnbalanced Roof on VVIP Entrance

152

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Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.2

Additional forces and moments

3.3.2.1

General

Additional effects which are not included in the global models are input either
as additional load cases or additional loads in the sizing sheets.
These are described below.
Important note
All forces and moments shown in chapter Fehler! Verweisquelle konnte nicht
gefunden werden. are at SLS, safety factors in order to get ULS values are
applied in the design excel sheets.

3.3.2.2

Tributary Areas and Widths

The 50m wind pressure load was applied to the surrounded membrane area per
element.
Due to varying panel dimensions, membrane stiffness and load carrying paths,
25% of each neighbouring panel area has been considered as tributary, for all
secondary elements.

The exact area is in fact smaller, so that the assumption is on the safe side.
However, considering the exact area would affect in average only 2% of the
final utilization factor.

Further explanation required for considering above tributary areas.

153

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

154

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.2.3

Additional load cases

Below are shown the different load types and corresponding load cases. The next
section details loading parameters, showing applied loads and secondary
structural effect.

Load type

Load

Upper
Radial
and
Faade

Lower
Radial

Purlin transversal bending in Purlins due to membrane action


Transversal
LF 741
bending

LF 751

Note:
Transversal bending is considered
in both directions (+/-)

Purlin Bending due to external actions


Wind Pressure

LF 742

Wind Suction

LF 743

Live Load

LF 744

Compression due to membrane action, tangential direction


Compression

LF 745

LF 752

LF 755

155

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.2.4

Deviation forces at ridge and kink lines

At positions where significant kinks occur in the membrane surface for the
design of the corresponding structural elements the deviation force has to be
considered.

Fdev = F1 cos a1 + F2 cos a2


for F1= F2= F and a1 = a2 = b/2
Fdev = 2 F cos (b/2)

Significant deviation forces occur at the following knink in the membrane


surface:

156

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
a) Deviation force at ridge line - top

Kink
b = 43+ 34,5 = 78
Deviation force (ULS)
qzd

= 2 F cos (b/2)
= (1,5*30 kN/m) cos 43 + (1,5*30 kN/m) cos 34,5
= 33 + 37 kN/m

qzd

= 70 kN/m

Please explain 30 kN/m

b) Deviation force at ridge line lateral

Kink
b = = 130
Deviation force (ULS)
qzd

= 2 F cos (b/2)
= 2*(1,5*30 kN/m) cos (130/2)

qzd

= 38 kN/m

157

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
c) Deviation force at standard chords and purlins upper membrane

Kink
b = = 170 (assumption)
Deviation force (ULS)
qzd

= 2 F cos (b/2)
= 2*(1,5*30 kN/m) cos (170/2)

qzd

= 7,8 kN/m

d) Deviation force at kink line faade chord

Kink
b = = 155
Deviation force (ULS)
qzd

= 2 F cos (b/2)
= 2*(1,5*20 kN/m) cos (155/2)

qzd

= 13 kN/m

158

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

e) Deviation force at inner chords faade

Kink
b = = 170 (assumption)
Deviation force (ULS)
qzd

= 2 F cos (b/2)
= 2*(1,5*20 kN/m) cos (170/2)

qzd

= 5,2 kN/m

f) Deviation force at corner outer liner

Kink
b = = 80
Deviation force (ULS)
qzd

= 2 F cos (b/2)
= 2*(1,5*20 kN/m) cos (80/2)

qzd

= 46,0 kN/m

159

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

f) Deviation force kink lines outer liner

Kink
b = = 150
Deviation force (ULS)
qzd

= 2 F cos (b/2)
= 2*(1,5*20 kN/m) cos (150/2)

qzd

= 15,5 kN/m

g) Deviation force at all standard elements outer liner

Kink
b = = 170 (assumption)
Deviation force (ULS)
qzd

= 2 F cos (b/2)
= 2*(1,5*20 kN/m) cos (170/2)

qzd

= 5,2 kN/m

160

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
h) Deviation force at all standard elements middle and inner liner

Kink
b = = 170 (assumption)
Deviation force (ULS)
qzd

= 2 F cos (b/2)
= 2*(1,5*20 kN/m) cos (170/2)

qzd

= 5,2 kN/m

161

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.2.5

Group-specific loads

Groups including elements which are not subdivided into finite elements do not
receive intermediate forces and moments the resulting additional bending
moments need to be added manually into the verification spreadsheets.
The additional loads are described hereafter.
Group 60
Bending is added manually, based on the loads of adjacent purlins. Compression
from the membrane in-plane action is included.

(Only part of the elements are shown for clarity)

162

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 61
Bending is added manually, based on the loads of adjacent purlins. Compression
from the membrane in-plane action is included.

Further explanation for manual loads/ forces applications and separate bending calculations required.

(Only part of the elements are shown for clarity)

163

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 62
Bending is added manually, based on the loads of adjacent purlins.

(Only part of the elements are shown for clarity)

164

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 63
Bending from selfweight is added manually, based on the cross-sectional
properties

(Only part of the elements are shown for clarity)

165

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 70
Bending from selfweight is added manually, based on the cross-sectional
properties

See comment on Page 163

166

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 80
Bending is added manually, based on the 0.55 kN/m wind loads acting on the MEP
Faade. Axial load is induced by the weight of the MEP Faade, based on
0.70kN/m. Tributary loading width is 5m. Refer to Package 1803 Bowl Faade for
detailed loads.

(Only part of the elements are shown for clarity)

167

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Groups 100-101
Bending from deviation forces, load from the ETFE supporting structure and the
axial forces due to bending in the posts are added manually.

(Only part of the elements are shown for clarity)

168

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 102
Bending is added manually, based on the loads of adjacent purlins:

Half of the tributary area is considered for the wind and live loads.

169

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 105
Bending is added manually, based on the loads of adjacent purlins but
considering the edge conditions (100% membrane action, 50% wind and live loads)

Group 105 also includes sand trap louver loads, and gutter loads towards the
inner edge. A constant compression force of -200kN is added due to membrane
action.

170

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Group 106
At the movement joint, bending is added manually, based on the loads of
adjacent purlins.
A constant compression force of -250kN is added due to membrane action.

171

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 110
Bending is added manually, based on wind loads acting on axes Hn and Jn
(facades):
- Axis Hn
wind load 0.55kN/m
tributary height 15/2 = 7.5m
- Axis Jn
wind load 0.90kN/m
tributary height 9/2 = 4.5m

The loads from axes Hn and Jn loads are applied on purlins along rows 9 and 8,
respectively. A constant axial force is applied on all purlins due to bending
in the post elements.

(Only part of the elements are shown for clarity)

172

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Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 112
Bending is added manually, based on the loads of adjacent purlins, but
considering the specific edge conditions (100% membrane action, 50% wind and
live loads)

Half of the tributary area is considered for the wind loads.

173

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Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 115
Bending is added manually, based on the loads of adjacent purlins, but
considering the specific edge conditions (100% membrane action, 50% wind and
live loads, 50% gantry loads)

Half of the tributary area is considered for the wind loads. A constant axial
force is applied due to membrane compression.

(Only part of the elements are shown for clarity)

174

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 116
At the movement joint, bending is added manually, based on the loads of
adjacent purlins.
A constant compression force of -250kN is added due to membrane action.

175

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 120
Bending is added manually, based on the loads of adjacent purlins, but
considering the specific edge conditions (100% membrane action, 50% wind and
live loads, 50% gantry loads)

See the comment on Page 163

Half of the tributary area is considered for the wind loads.

176

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Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 166
Bending is added manually, based on the elements selfweight.

(Only part of the elements are shown for clarity)

177

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 171
Bending is added manually, based on the elements selfweight.

178

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Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 181
Bending is added manually, based on the elements selfweight.

Under wind pressure and live load, all diagonals are loaded, i.e. the membrane
is considered to come in contact with the steel elements.
Under Wind Suction, only bracing elements which are clamped to the membrane are
loaded. These elements are shown below in the following page.
All bracing elements receive additional compression due to the axial forces in
the upper and lower purlins. These are evaluated to +/- 300kN for the current
group.

(Only part of the elements are shown for clarity)

179

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180

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Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 182
Bending is added manually, based on the elements selfweight.

Under wind loads, all diagonals are loaded, i.e. the membrane is considered to
come in contact with the steel elements.
Under Membrane action, only bracing elements which are clamped to the membrane
are loaded. These elements are shown below in the following page.
All bracing elements receive additional compression due to the axial forces in
the upper and lower purlins. These are evaluated to +/- 300kN for the current
group.

(Only part of the elements are shown for clarity)

181

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Secondary steel structure 100%

182

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 183
Bending is added manually, based on the elements selfweight.

For symmetry reasons, axial forces are considered to act both ways (compression
and tension).
All bracing elements receive additional compression due to the axial forces in
the upper and lower purlins. These are evaluated to +/- 400kN for the current
group.

183

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Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 185
Bending is added manually, based on the elements selfweight. Additional
bending is added on the lower bracings, due to the 26kN/m membrane acting on
the purlins connected at mid-span, resulting in 761kNm (ULS).

All bracing elements receive additional compression due to the axial forces in
the upper and lower purlins. These are evaluated to +/- 150kN for the current
group.

Corner bracing (index 2781,2782 and symmetric) are connected at mid-span to


horizontal purlins, which are subject to 26kN/m membrane action. This produces
a point load of ULS 1.5x160kN, resulting in 761kNm bending moment.
(Only part of the elements are shown for clarity)

184

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3.3.2.6

VVIP-specific loads

A refined FE-model of the VVIP Entrance is included in the Global Model. Loads
and additional loads cases are completed accordingly.

Refined load cases are:


- Free nodes
o 722, 737, 745, 755
- Fixed nodes
o 740, 741, 742, 743
Load cases on the fixed node models are described in the following pages.

185

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Secondary steel structure 100%
Data from the Membrane 100% Package are reproduced below.
Wind loads acting on the VVIP Entrance and resulting stresses

186

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Secondary steel structure 100%
Maximum membrane stresses

187

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Secondary steel structure 100%
The offset between membrane detail connection and structure centreline is taken
as 560mm, based on Q11017-0100D-GSIC-TNT-PK2-STS-DWG-01500-00257

The resulting torsion moment along the structural members is based on


- 30% load difference between 2 adjacent panels
- Fixed eccentricity
o Additional eccentricity from connection
560mm

188

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Secondary steel structure 100%
Wind loads acting on the Liner and resulting stresses
The inner liner at the VVIP Entrance is defined as Zone 1 = Liner Outer

It is subject to +/- 0.90kN/m and therefore wind suction and pressure are not
differentiated for sizing, and are considered in one single load case.

189

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Secondary steel structure 100%
Membrane Stress plots are reproduced below

How these stresses were established?

The offset between membrane detail connection and structure centreline is taken
as 560mm, based on Q11017-0100D-GSIC-TNT-PK2-STS-DWG-01500-00257

The resulting torsion moment along the structural members is based on


- 30% load difference between 2 adjacent panels
- Fixed eccentricity
o Additional eccentricity from connection
560mm

190

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Secondary steel structure 100%
Loads on groups 250,251
Membrane force are considered along the global vertical direction, whereas wind
loads are considered acting along the global horizontal direction.
The membrane action is evaluated taking into account the membrane geometry and
direction along the VVIP Entrance, as shown below. The mid-plane is created
between VVIP Faade and Outer Liner, the membrane forces are then projected,
resulting the in total membrane force acting along the VVIP arch and columns.

Average angle is 35. The membrane force being 18kN/m, a total of 30 kN/m is
applied in the global vertical direction.

191

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Secondary steel structure 100%
Deviation Forces
No deviation forces are considered acting on the VVIP arch/Columns.
On groups 252, 253, a constant deviation force of 5.2kN/m ULS is applied.

Compression Forces from Membrane Action


A compression force normal to the membrane edge is added to the global model
with free nodes. The compression force results from the membrane action
multiplied by the tributary length, as shown below:

192

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Secondary steel structure 100%

Further explanation required for


the added compression loads.

This load case is also applied as 100% - 70% to account for unbalanced loads.
This load combination gives rise to higher bending in the VVIP Entrance.

193

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Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.3

Load Cases

In a simplified approach, for the secondary structure, the loads are applied in
global axes, as follows
- Membrane action horizontal
- Wind and Live action vertical
The 50m wind loads are based on the Wind Tunnel Report. Plots for upper
chords, faade and lower chords are reproduced below. Wind acting on the Hn
columns are based on the Wind Tunnel Test report figure 6.13 for a 50m loading
area.
Further explanation required for considering 50 m2.
Wind Pressure on Upper Membrane

194

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Secondary steel structure 100%
Wind Suction on Upper Membrane

Wind load on Lower Membrane

195

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Wind Pressure on Faade

Wind Suction on Faade

196

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.3.1

LC 740 - Upper purlin, membrane force, linear torsion

A torsion moment to due membrane differential force of 30 % creates with a


lever arm a bending moment at the purlin chord connection. At edge purlins
the membrane force acts 100%.
Maximum eccentricity is taken as 700mm for the purlins.
Along Group 105 (upper ridge at smoke exhausts and along inner tangential
truss), a fixed linear torsion moment of 21kNm/m is applied.
The torsion moment results from 30kN/m membrane force at 0,70m eccentricity
along the purlins.

197

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Applied Loads

198

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

199

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Resulting Moments

200

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.3.2

LC 741 Upper purlin, membrane bending

A differential membrane load of 30% is applied between each adjacent bay, as a


transversal linear load. The membrane forces are based on the membrane 100%
package, in warp direction, c.f. LC 740, and are grouped.
At the membrane edges and ridges, 100% of the load is applied.
Along the inner vertical faade, the membrane introduces additional bending in
the other direction, as shown below (plots taken from 100% membrane design)
Warp stresses under wind pressure max 16kN/m SLS, see extract from package
1507 below. This value is applied along the full edge.

Cross verification required form the Package 1507.

To account for intermediate bending induced by the gutter and drainage system,
LC 741 includes both gutter selfweight and half-filled water, accounting for
3,5kN/m and 8kN/m, respectively. In order to be combined with the correct
factor later on, the load is input with the factor 1,35/1,50, resulting in
1,35/1,50 x (8+3,5) = 10,35kN/m along inner gutter.
Also a linear load of 1,5kN/m (factored by 1,35/1,50) from MEP Smoke Exhausts
on the inner Liner is included on group 112, resulting in
1,35/1,50 x (1,50) = 1,35 kN/m on group 112
The 1.5kN/m results from chapter 1.1.2 where the load per smoke exhaust is 18
kN. This load is linearly distributed on the purlin with appr. 14.5 m length
which results in 1.24 kN/m. This value is rounded to 1.5 kN/m

201

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.3.3

LC 742 Upper purlin, wind pressure

The 50m wind load is applied on the pinned model. Reactions are extracted and
converted to linear load along the upper chord and faade, based on the
adjacent membrane panels.
Tributary area is taken as 25% of the adjacent panel area.
Applied Loads:

202

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Resulting moments

203

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.3.4

LC 743 Upper purlin, wind suction

The 50m wind load is applied on the pinned model. Reactions are extracted and
converted to linear load along the upper chord and faade, based on the
adjacent membrane panels.
Tributary area is taken as 25% of the adjacent panel area.
Applied Loads:

204

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Resulting Moments

205

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.3.5

LC 744 Upper purlin, live load

The 60 kg/m live load is applied on the pinned model. Reactions are extracted
and converted to linear load along the upper chord and faade, based on the
adjacent membrane panels.
Tributary area is taken as 25% of the adjacent panel area.
Applied Loads

206

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Resulting Moments

207

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.3.6

LC 745 Upper purlin, membrane compression

The tension derived from the membrane gives rise to a compression along the
purlins. Similarly to load cases 722 and 737, a constant compression force is
applied at both ends of each purlin, including along the ridge elements. For
each purlin, the tributary length of the connecting radial chords has been
multiplied by the corresponding membrane force at the given location, to assess
the resulting additional compression.
The following envelope forces are applied on all purlins:
- 450kN compression on the upper purlins (including ridge)
- 150kN compression on the Faade purlins
These forces are an envelope

Further explanation required.

Applied Loads

208

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Resulting Compression

209

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.3.7

LC 750 Lower purlin, membrane force, line torsion

A torsion to due membrane differential force of 30 % creates with a lever arm a


bending moment at the purlin chord connection. At edge purlins the membrane
force acts 100%.
Variable membrane stresses have been applied to the outer liner, i.e. 14kN/m18kN/m depending on location. Inner and middle liner have a constant max
membrane force of 8 and 12kN/m, respectively.
Maximum eccentricity is taken as 700mm for the purlins.

210

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Applied Loads

211

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Resulting Moments

212

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.3.8

LC 751 Lower purlin, membrane bending

A differential membrane load of 30% is applied between each adjacent bay, as a


transversal linear load. The membrane forces are based on the membrane 100%
package, in warp direction, c.f. LC 750.
At the membrane edges and ridges, 100% of the load is applied. 100% is also
applied at the ETFE locations (South).
Along the inner vertical faade, the membrane introduces additional bending in
the other direction, cf LC 741
Applied loads

213

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Resulting Moments

214

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.3.9

LC 752 Lower purlin, wind load

The 50m wind load is applied on the pinned model. Reactions are extracted and
converted to linear load along the liner, based on the adjacent membrane
panels.
Tributary area is taken as 25% of the adjacent panel area.
In a simplified approach, and because pressure and suction have similar values,
the wind pressure (730) and wind suction (732) cases for the liner are
considered with the maximum values.
Applied Loads

215

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Resulting Moments

216

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.3.10

LC 755 Lower Purlin, Membrane, compression

Similarly to load case 745, a 200kN compression force is applied on the lower
purlins.
Applied Loads

217

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.3.11

LC 760 VVIP Entrance, Unbalanced Wind

Refer to section 3.3.2.6 or load description.

Units?

218

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Resulting Compression

219

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.4

Secondary Steel Sizing

Sizing of all groups is made by linear combination of the following effects


- ULS envelope on Global Model
- ULS imperfection loads on Global Model
- Additional effects on Global Model
- Additional effects on Global Model, all main nodes pinned
- Additional loads
The resulting cross-sections are cross-checked under ULS seismic envelope.
Summary results are shown below

SUM

Instability

60
61
62
63
70
80
100-101
102
103
105
106
110-110
112
115
116
120
130
140-141
160
166
161-163-164-167
170-180-186
250-251
252-253
254
256
171
181
182
183
185

Elastic

Interm. Truss - Upper Chord


Interm. Truss - Lower Chord
Interm. Truss - Posts
Interm. Truss - Diagonals
Interm. Truss - H Suspension
Columns - axis Hn
Upper Purlins
Additional Upper Purlins
Upper Purlins - Ridge Line
Upper Membrane Edge Purlins
Upper Radial MovJoint
Lower Purlins
Additional Lower Purlins
Lower Membrane Edge Purlins
Lower Radial MovJoint
Step Line - Tangential Purlin
Facade Purlins
Entrance Arcs
Inner Tang. Truss - Upper Rail
Inner Tang. Truss - Diagonals
Inner Tangential Truss
VVIP Entrance Truss, Lower Chord
VVIP - Main Arc, Main Arc Columns
VVIP - Radial Small Arcs, Vertical
VVIP - Vertical Posts
VVIP - H Support - Main Column
Entrance Truss, Diagonals
Bracing, upper
Bracing, Lower
Bracing, axis Hn
Bracing, Facade

Instability

Element Group

ULS

Elastic

Seismic

79%

65%

91%

79%

67%

64%

83%

83%

58%

45%

95%

79%

18%

27%

27%

41%

13%

15%

43%

69%

57%

79%

69%

95%

79%

78%

100%

89%

89%

90%

89%

90%

92%

89%

99%

89%

97%

92%

100% 100%

96%

80%

99%

85%

94%

96%

96%

99%

95%

73%

95%

73%

87%

84%

87%

84%

70%

54%

71%

50%

75%

58%

81%

62%

85%

87%

88%

93%

81%

85%

83%

87%

28%

37%

40%

57%

36%

46%

74%

87%

88%

83%

98%

94%

79%

62%

80%

63%

65%

50%

96%

76%

71%

53%

93%

70%

28%

22%

33%

26%

5%

5%

8%

8%

60%

30%

92%

47%

95%

85%

95%

85%

75%

89%

80%

100%

21%

33%

21%

31%

36%

36%

56%

85%

max 97%

100%

The sizing is below or equal to 100% and is admissible as per Eurocode BS EN


1993.

220

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.4.1

Input and Output files

The following databases / models have been used for sizing

The following excel sheets have been used for sizing, including seismic and
additional effects and imperfection loads:

221

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

222

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.3.4.2

Combination factors

The additional effects are added with corresponding ULS combination factors,
detailed hereafter.
All additional loads carry a partial safety factor of 1.50, except dead loads.
The combination Y-factor is 1.0 except for live load, which is 0,7.
Unbalanced loads along a continuous beam may give rise to higher bending
moments, along the structural elements. To account for this effect, a factor of
1,25 is applied on all additional loads.

3.3.4.3

Results

For each group, a plot shows the verification for all elements, for ULS without
and with Seismic action.
A full verification for group 130 can be found in Annex 2.

223

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 60
ULS with Seismic

Capacity ratio?

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

224

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 61
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

225

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 62
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

226

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 63
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

227

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 70
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

228

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 80
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

229

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 100-101
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

230

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 102
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

231

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 103
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

232

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 105
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

233

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 106
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

234

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 110-111
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

235

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 112
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

236

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 115
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

237

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 116
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

238

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 120
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

239

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 130
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

240

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 140-141
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

241

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 160
Envelope forces under ULS with Seismic
Element

Case

Position

Fx

Fy

Fz

Mxx

Myy

Mzz

Node

[kN]

[kN]

[kN]

[kN m]

[kN m]

[kN m]

Length

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.63

7005

3807.0

0.0

1991.13338

13.5

105

-4199

0.0

0.0

2015.55712

13.4

105

-4199

0.0

0.0

2015.55712

13.4

105

-4199

0.0

2015.6

13.4

6205

-3322

4871.4

0.0

5.1

105

-4199.0

2015.55712

0.0

13.4

6005

-4203.0

0.0

3816.28095

10.5

105

-4199

0.0

0.0

2015.55712

13.4

105

-4199

0.0

0.0

2015.55712

13.4
13.4

105

-4199

0.0

2015.6

3605

-75

1452.8

0.0

8.9

105

-4199

2015.55712

0.0

13.4

Summary of verifications as per Eurocode for the critical load case

242

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Envelope forces ULS without Seismic
Element

Case

Position

Fx

Fy

Fz

Mxx

Myy

Mzz

Node

[kN]

[kN]

[kN]

[kN m]

[kN m]

[kN m]

Length

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.63

3405

3246.0

0.0

4803.88206

13.5

105

-11003

0.0

0.0

4760.29436

13.4

105

-11003

0.0

0.0

4760.29436

13.4

105

-11003

0.0

4760.3

13.4

6205

-71

9649.4

0.0

5.1

105

-11003.0

4760.29436

0.0

13.4

205

-11009.0

0.0

4724.41801

13.5

105

-11003

0.0

0.0

4760.29436

13.4

105

-11003

0.0

0.0

4760.29436

13.4

105

-11003

0.0

4760.3

13.4

7205

-9770

3055.3

0.0

8.9

105

-11003

4760.29436

0.0

13.4

Summary of verifications as per Eurocode for the critical load case

243

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 161-163-164-167
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

244

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 166
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

245

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 170-180-186
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

246

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 171
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

247

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 181
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

248

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 182
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

249

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 183
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

250

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 185
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

251

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 250-251
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

252

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 252-253
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

253

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 254
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

254

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Group 256
ULS with Seismic

ULS without Seismic

Sizing is admissible!

255

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.4

Additional Secondary Elements

3.4.1

Stay Cables

A set of decorative stay cables connect each Faade Top Peak to corresponding
piers, which are located at ground level. 8 are located at the North and South
Facades, 12 are located at the East and West Faade, summing up to 40 stay
cables for the Stadium
These do not participate in the Overall Roof Structure Stability.

256

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.4.1.1

Materials

The Stay Cables consist of single-layer stranded ropes as per EN 12385 Part 2
3.6.1.2 and Figure 11.

The Cable will include galvanisation for corrosion protection as per the
Specifications. Module of Elasticity is taken as per EN 1993-1-11 [2006] table
3.1

The structural cable is sheathed into a High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) pipe


of 60mm external diameter. The HDPE shall comply with the following properties:

257

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.4.1.2

Structural Analysis Stay Cables

3.4.1.2.1 Permanent loads


Selfweight is automatically included in the software calculation and based on
the cross-sectional properties.
Chosen strand rope as per EN 12385 Part 4
Nominal diameter 32mm (450mm)
Linear weight 4.19 kg/m
Class 6x36WS
Rope Grade 1960
Minimum Breaking force 715kN (steel core)
Minimum Tension Resistance 715/(1,5*1,0) = 476 kN
as per EN 1993-1-11:2006

Creep is assumed to be 0,35

(17.5mm over 50m)

Prestress is input as 120kN

(35.0mm over 50m)

3.4.1.2.2 Wind Loads


The eigenfrequency for an isolated cable is 1.18Hz.

The gust wind pressure in facade height (36 m) is around 1,5 kN/m, hence
considering a force coefficient of 1.2, a wind load of 2,0 kN/m is assumed
acting on the stay cables. This includes dynamic effects.

258

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.4.1.2.3 Thermal loads


The site temperature conditions are given in QCS 2014:

Maximum ambient temperature


Minimum ambient temperature
Design ambient temperature
Maximum metal temperature under the sun

50C
5C
50C
85C

In general a maximum temperature of 85C will be considered for structural


steel components directly exposed to sunlight.
The following temperature loading conditions will be considered in design
assuming a setting out temperature of 30C for the roof and upper tier steel:
Positive Temperature Range: T = 85C - 30C = +55 K
Negative Temperature Range: T = 30C - 5C = -25 K

259

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.4.1.2.4 Roof displacements


Roof displacements are assessed from the Global Model. These occur under the
following load combinations

Maximum horizontal displacements occur on the upper corners


structure, which is also a connection point to stay cables.

of

the

roof

A 100mm horizontal displacement in one single direction is considered,


unfactored, for the sub-model consisting of asingle pair of stay cables,
rigidly fixed at their ends.
The maximum ULS displacement of the Global Model occurs in the following load
combination (with and without inner roof closed, respectively)
1,35 DL + 1,35 MEP + 1,5 W270 + 0,9 T-25C
Maximum horizontal displacements occur on the upper corners
structure, which is also a connection point to stay cables.

of

the

roof

Maximum displacements on these locations are 387mm on XY-plane, as shown below.

260

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

261

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.4.1.2.5 Load Combinations


Imposed displacements from the Main Roof are not factored, i.e. 1,0 (SLS)
Creep is conservatively factored with
1,35
Prestress is factored with
1,10
Load combinations for both service and ultimate limit states are based on BS EN
1990.
Ultimate limit states (ULS)
Persistent and transient design situations:
Ed = E { G,j * Gk,j + Q,1 * Qk,1 + Q,i * 0,i * Qk,i }
Seismic design situations:
Ed = E { Gk,j + AEd + 2,i * Qk,i }

Serviceability limit states (SLS)


Characteristic combination:
Ed = E { Gk,j + Qk,1 + 0,i * Qk,i }
Frequent combination:
Ed = E { Gk,j + 1,1 * Qk,1 + 2,i * Qk,i }
Quasi-permanent combination:
Ed = E { Gk,j + 2,i * Qk,i }
Partial
G,sup =
G,inf =
Q
=

factors:
1.35
1.00
1.50

Combination factors:
Wind load
Temperature

0
0

= 0.5
= 0.6

2
2

= 0.0
= 0.0

Partial material factors for steel:


M1

= 1.00

262

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.4.1.3

Structural Model

Two structural models are produced:


-

A sub model consisting of 2 stay cables only, with imposed maximum SLS
displacement.

Stay cables included in the global model, to assess global effects.

3.4.1.3.1 Sub-model
The structural model represents two stayed cables connected to an upper corner
of the roof structure. The cables are fully pinned on both ends and are divided
into 10 segments each. Cable elements are used, which only take tension forces.
The calculation is non-linear.

263

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.4.1.3.2 Global model


The full set of stay cables is included in the model.

Maximum forces for sizing are taken from the sub-model. Effects on the Global
Roof Structure are assessed on the global model.

264

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.4.1.4

Results

3.4.1.4.1 Sub-model results


By applying on the structural model the maximum displacements obtained from ULS
analysis but based on 100mm displacement, the maximum axial force on the cable
is 186 kN, as shown below.

The maximum tension resistance of the cable is 476 kN, which makes the design
admissible, with a verification of 25%.
These forces do not affect the overall global structure, the assumptions being
conservative.

265

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

.2

4
8.

-50.00
-60.00

86.5

85
.

15
2

153.
5

.1

201.

19
9.

22
7

229.
3

.3

238
.4

23
6.
4

-40.00

22
6.
7

228
.6

19

-30.00

2
2.
15

200
.2

153
.

90

-70.00
Z
XY

-60.00

-50.00

Deformed Structure from LC 10 DL+PS Enlarged by 20.0


Nodal displacement vector, nonlinear Loadcase 10 DL+PS

-40.00

-30.00

-20.00

-10.00

M 1 : 294
, 1 cm 3D = 654.7 mm

X * 0.502
Y * 0.906
Z * 0.962

(Max=238.4)

Total cable length is 50000mm.


Maximum cable deflection under dead load is 238 mm -> L/210, which is
admissible for the design.

266

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.4.1.4.2 Global model results


When including the stay cables in the Global model, the following results are
to be found.

Same displacements than without cables


o Stay cables do not affect the global displacements of the roof

267

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Axial Forces without (top) and with (bottom) stay cables

3% force difference; admissible.

268

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Stay Cables Forces

Max ULS force 75kN; admissible

Provide calculations to prove structural adequacy of the cables for the above forces.

269

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.4.2

Sizing of the additional ETFE supporting structure

Location of the ETFE cushions is shown below.

Required substructure is shown below

270

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.4.2.1

Loads

Wind loads are consistent with 100% ETFE structural report (package 1507). Only
wind loads are applied on the ETFE Cushions. The loads are reproduced below.

271

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
The substructure is sized considering -1,65 kN/m on a 9m long element, with a
tributary width of 3.6m.
Transversal bending is considered by applying 50% of the max. ETFE tension

272

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.4.2.2

Sizing

ULS verification results in 78% utilization, for a CHS 244.5 x 10mm S355
profile, as shown in the following pages.
Resulting additional weight from ETFE adds to
- 16 kg/m
- 25 kg/m including connecting details.

273

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

274

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

275

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

276

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

277

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

278

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.5

Deformations

3.5.1

Vertical deformations

Deformation on the roof structure was observed for the following load cases.
All deformations are shown in [mm].

Note
Please note that for deadload deformation only the differential deformation
between the different stages of the inner retractable roof occur.

279

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Dead load with inner roof closed
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-150.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

-10

-11

-32

-100.00

0
-5

-100
-150

-5
0

-32

-250
-264

-341

-355

-340

-50.00

-330

-4
0
-5 0
00

-10
0
-15
0
-20
0

0
-10
0
-15
0
-20

-330

-264

-50

-100

65
0.00

-450

50

-200

-3
5

-25

0
-30

-730

-450
-550

-650

65
-731

-263

-341

-355

-341

-15

0
-10
0

-330
-20
0

0
-20
0
-15
0
-10

50.00

-25

-35

0
-30

-50

-330

-264

0
-5

-32

100.00

-250

-5
0

-150
-100

-32

-11

150.00

-10

-100.00
Z Y
X

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement in global Z in Node
to 64.8 step 50.0 mm

-50.00

0.00

50.00

100.00

M 1 : 1004
, nonlinear Loadcase 1011 1.0DL closed+MEP+event

, from -730.6

Allowable deflections for each section's based on the length shall be


tabulated against the actual deflections. (Comment applicable to all the deflection maps)

280

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Dead load with inner roof opened I
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-5

1
-30

-8

-5

-50

-5
0
-1
00

1
0
-5
00
-1

-30

-8

-8

-10

6
0

8
-8

-1

-200
-400

-454

-8
8

-300

-5

-20

-250

-350
-403

-453

-5
4

-334

-418

-418
2
-100

-50

0.00

45

-513

-20
0
-15
0

-400

-100

-418

-418

-334

-334

50.00

-300 250
0
-20
0
-15

-50

-400

-513

45

-15

0
-20 50
0
-2
-30

-15
0
-20
0
-2
50

-334

-50.00

-100.00

-1

-150.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

4
-454
-350
-20

-400

-403

-250

-50

1
0

-8

-8

-10
8

0
2

-1

-5

-100.00

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement in global Z in Node
to 45.0 step 50.0 mm

6
-30

-8

-1
00
-5
0

2
0

-200

00
-1
0
-5

-8

-5

-453

-300

100.00

-5

Z Y
X

-50.00

0.00

-8

-30

-5

50.00

-1

100.00

150.00

M 1 : 1004
, nonlinear Loadcase 1012 1.0DL opened+MEP+event

, from -513.2

281

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Dead load with inner roof opened II (parked on north)
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-5

1
-27

-8

-5

-10
-50
00

-445

-5
9

-300
-400
-400

15
-5

-412
-499

-595

-595
-450

-412
-499

-2 250 300
00
-1
50

-300

50
-2
00
-2
0
-15

-50

50
0.00

-350

-100

-569

-100

-567

-400

50

-6

-350
-445

-200

-50

-300

-50.00

15

00
-2

-200

-5

-300

-1

3
00
-1

-5

-27

-6

1
-8

-11

6
5

-1

2
1

-100.00

-50

-1

-150.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

-234

-100

-100

50.00

-368
-234

-5

-229

-322

-343

-322

-250

-5

-229

-250

2
-1

-100

1
-34

-6

-2

-100.00
Z Y
X

-11

-3

-1

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement in global Z in Node
to 49.8 step 50.0 mm

-10

-10

-9

-1

-50.00

0.00

-34

-9

-3

-1

-7

50.00

150.00

-1

-5
0

-50

-10

100.00

-200

-1

-2

100.00

M 1 : 1004
, nonlinear Loadcase 1013 1.0DL parked_N+MEP+event

, from -595.4

Note
Only the differential deformation between the above shown deformations will
occur due to the different states of the inner roof (closed, open I and open
II).

282

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Wind pressure
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-4

-3
-3

-5

-3
-7

-5

-5

-4

-3

-4
-7

-3
-5

-3

-2

-1
0

-1

-4

-10

-2

-2
-20

-2

-3

-1

0
-38

-6

-6
-1

-10
-45

0
-3

-44

0
-2

-2
0

-10
-3
0

0
-1

-50

-40

-50

-70
-90

-80

-60

-2

-10

0
-4

-50.00

-1

-106

-70

-5
-40 0

-10

-80

-60

-2

-1

-44

-2
0

0
-3

0
-2

-45

-11

-6

-1
-6

-38
0

-2

-3

-1

-1

-20

0
-1

-4

50.00

-4

-10

-3
0

-11

-1

0.00

-20
-30

-102

-100.00

100.00

-4

-2

-2
1

-3

-5

-2

-7

-5

-7
-4

-3

-4

-100.00

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement in global Z in Node
10.0 mm

-3

-5

-50.00

-5

0.00

-3

-4

-4

50.00

-3
-3
1

100.00

150.00

-1

Z Y
X

-150.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

M 1 : 1004
, Loadcase 322 Wind 270_cant closed

, from -105.6 to 7.62 step

c:\nobr\extern\al bayt\160707 update 2 report bilder_100% primarysteel!!60706_3259_sdz_analyse_uls_maxima.cdb

283

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-4

-2

-7
-5

-2

-1

-3

-2

-3

-1

-2

-2
0

-1

-1

-1

-4
4

-3

-5

-150.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

1
-10

11
-100.00

-20

-40
10

-10

12
13

-11

-60

-33

-73

-6

8
-6

-97

-80

7
0
-5

-4

-3
0

-13

-50.00

-10

-60

-2
0

-3
-5

0.00

10

-6

10

-3
-11

5
50.00

20

20

30

35

36

33
1

-5

2
50
40

10

60

84

70

20

2
7

10

30
20

1
0
6

-100.00

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement in global Z in Node
mm

5
3

-50.00

0.00

5
2

50.00

100.00

150.00

-6

Z Y
X

60
50

64

-1
10

80

100.00

51

30

-5

M 1 : 1004
, Loadcase 502 Wind 300 openII

, from -97.2 to 84.4 step 10.0

c:\nobr\extern\al bayt\160707 update 2 report bilder_100% primarysteel!!60706_3259_sdz_analyse_uls_maxima.cdb

284

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Wind uplift
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-2

2
7
1

3
-1

-3

-1

0
20

20
40

-1

10

-2

60
80
100

-10
-3

4
-1
-2

129

-8

4
-1

-1
20

128

40

161

60

60

-7

180

-50.00

10
0

12
0

80

-100.00

7
-7

-150.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

260
320

-20

334
40

80

311

-39

-28

0.00

160

120

-5

240

-13

180

200

-21

200

140

20

-21

160
120

280
220

180

-13

50.00

60

-1

-1

129

-3

80
60

20

-1

-1
1

10

-7
7

-2

-100.00

-50.00

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement in global Z in Node
mm

-1
2

0.00

3
1

0
150.00

40

20

-3

-1
4

-2

100.00

-2
-10

Z Y
X

128

20

60

80

-7

-8

160

40

12

10
0

40

29

50.00

100.00

M 1 : 1004
, Loadcase 301 Wind 270 closed

, from -38.6 to 334.1 step 20.0

c:\nobr\extern\al bayt\160707 update 2 report bilder_100% primarysteel!!60706_3259_sdz_analyse_uls_maxima.cdb

285

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-5

-3

-2

-7

-4

-150.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

-1

-10

-2
20

-15

-8

-100.00

-3

-7

-5

14
2
23

180

12

60

16
0

40

240

4
100

20

20

-21
-12

-50.00

122

80

10
0

40
60

-11

300

200

80

60

0
140

20

-21

163

240

180

-13

-10

0.00

120

321

-38

40

12
80

60

84
14

-7

-9
40

20

-4

0
7

-1
8

0
10

-6
7

-1

9
3

-100.00
Z Y
X

-1

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement in global Z in Node
mm

2
4

-50.00

0.00

0
3

50.00

100.00

150.00

1
-1
100.00

-2

97
120
100
80
60
40

141

20

-7

50.00

40

1
163

M 1 : 1004
, Loadcase 302 Wind 300 closed

, from -37.6 to 321.0 step 20.0

286

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Sand load with inner roof closed
schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

0
-2

-1

-1

-2

-1

-2
1

-2

-1

-20
0
-1

0
-1

-1

-30

-1

1
2
-60

-1
1

-60
-70

-60
-70

-79

2
-60

-1
1

-50.00

-3
0

-64

-64

-20
0
-3
0
-4 -50

-20

1
0
-4
0
-5

-100.00

-150.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

-10

10

-144

-80

14

-60

-10
0

-10

0
-13

-60

-20

-40

-144

14

0.00

-80

-13

-60

0
-12

-10

-60

-10

-3
0
-20

0
-5 -40
0
-3
-20

0
-5
0
-4

-64

50.00

-10

-64

-1

-60

-70
-60

-79

-70
-60

-1

-60

0
-20

0
-1

-2
0

-1

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement in global Z in Node
step 10.0 mm

-1

-50.00

0.00

-1

-2

-100.00
Z Y
X

-2

0
0

0
1

-2

-1

0
-1

-1

0
1

50.00

100.00

150.00

-1

100.00

M 1 : 1004
, Loadcase 79 sand - inner roof closed

, from -143.8 to 14.0

287

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Roof deflection - evaluation


The deflections of the roof structure will be limited to allow the retractable
roof for proper operation and to prevent any damage to the cladding materials.
According to the figures above the tent roof deflections show vertical
movements under wind loads of approx. 350 mm at the cantilever edge of the
outer roof. This is equivalent to approx. span/186 for the cantilever.
Basing on BS NA EN 1993.1.1.2005 Par. NA.2.23 limit of vertical deflection on
cantilevers should be length/180.
L/186 < L/180 -> ok.
Since the retractable roof is supported by the outer tent roof structure
movements of the outer roof structure will be compensated by appropriate
detailing of the bearing of the retractable roof to prevent any kind of global
constraining forces within the retractable roof trusses.

288

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

3.5.2

Horizontal deformations

Deformation on the roof structure was observed for the following load cases.
All deformations are shown in [mm].

Note
Please note that for deadload deformation only the differential deformation
between the different stages of the inner retractable roof occur.

289

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Dead load with inner roof closed

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

78 86 86 78

78

68

81

92

92

80

67

22
62

75

58

52

56
80

82

128
147
167

101

97

160
175

126

90

92

191

121

61

253
210

29

14

15

15

14

17
10

16
11

10

209
252

134

160

232

124

118

144
177
93
22

114

29

67
20

11

0.00

37

40
11

50.00

-150.00

15

27

26

23

22

27

24

27

32
23

15
18
16

19

14

26

35
22

35
23

16

27

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement vector in the global XY plane, nonlinear Loadcase 1011 1.0DL closed+MEP+event
3D = 428.1 mm
(Max=263.2)

26

27

30

13

30

11

-50.00

92

128

98

101

54

27

28
21

41

57

56

45

67

45

21

42

11

-100.00

174

147

121
90

80
48

21
44

48

72
56

47

16

42

20 17
13 21
19

17

22

18

45

58

59

64
59

25

55

29

55

50.00

137
121
94

80

46

15

146

134

50
46

140

19

33

45

28

25

41

33

62

46

61 67 67 61

53

62

56

78

80

59

15

78 86 86 78

102

46

16

50

19
50

19
50

263
223

140

46

126

16

15
14

57

23

59

57

22

78

69

21

35

92

92

16
10

15

23

93

81

30

23

24

35

Z Y
X

27

17
26

32

26

44

27

27

34

30

26

27

62

22

35

10
17

15

67

29

18

21

92

114
59

20

19

20 17

46

93
177
144
118

134

263
223

124
232

46

253
210

191

124
233

175

167

134

160

147

138

146

46

93
177
144
118

128

121

126

80

118

90

159

98

232

144
177
93

124

19

19

33

97

90

101

74

29

66

20

24

92

80

82

10

17 20

19

21

114

74

57

22
60
114

93

56

102

17

-50.00

55

78

0.00

62

69

15
22

100.00

61 67 67 61

41

27

27

100.00

29
34
30

150.00

62

57

56

28

45

21

30
30

27
20

41

45

40

35

29

42

29

27

48

66

30

48

27

26

37

30

42

23

35

27

45

26

32

24

10

20

29

58

64

75

96

33

16

28

55

61

17 20

14

72

17
3
1

21

15

57

21

19

45

26

17

19

15

44

22

14

34
29

35

27

23
17

27

16

35

22

23

30

26

27

15

44

27

10
16

15

24

11

15

53

23

32

11

56

35
26

10
17

23

14

18

11

16
18

22

37

11

23

35

30

15

11

15

14
15

-100.00

11

34

10

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

M 1 : 1039
, 1 cm

Allowable deflections for each section's based on the length shall be


tabulated against the actual deflections. (Comment applicable to all the deflection maps)

290

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Dead load with inner roof opened I

50

50.00

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement vector in the global XY plane, nonlinear Loadcase 1012 1.0DL opened+MEP+event
3D = 307.8 mm
(Max=198.8)

29

69
40

38
34

10

30

30

-150.00
-100.00
0.00
50.00

16

31

28

30

35

29
20
17

100

36

174

117
64

94

152
185

121
149
79

126

115
98

81
48

37

11

0.00

36

11

26

29

19

28

38

11

38

29

16

5
7

-50.00

23

107
92

89

92

67

74

66

68

73

81

71
53

10

23

21

100.00

67
89

104

80
71

72
63

13

28
28

65

18

26

19

30

21

100.00

35

150.00

74

92

109

17

92
107

66

68

115
126

14

16

16
8

25

19

29

24

14
6

17
9
6

33

33

13

28

32

32

28

52

28

28

52 51 46

33

16

23

-50.00

50

46

33

107

52

50

25 21

63

70

69

73

91

68 74 74 68

73

73

72

10

88

107

36

7
14

107 65

53

48
81

11

18
41

186
153

41

26
64
117

108

79
149
121
98

36

36

18
41

100

94

36

186
153

199
168
143

126

124

28

115

107

28

79
149
121
98

92

10

93

114

71

19
16

80
62

19
16

65

-100.00
Z Y
X

36

29

105

89 95 95 88

112

51

18
10

21

111

93

16

30

29

38

24

10

29

38

32
35

34

30

35

28

30

28

30

53

30
31

106

71

71

19

16

48

40
29

26

73 104
78

29

69

26
21

66

81

68

95

117

25

23

67

92

98

74

115

121
149
79

174

36

94

25

21

174

81

109

126
152
185

5
2

21

21
16 25
2
25 1

117

80

105

70

111

107

91

36

34
19

38
40

29

69

114

23

26

92

28

112

21

74

36

106

68

94
174

93

62

36

89 95 95 88

36

100

94

16
26

104

41

89

31

30

89

70

29

67

73

89

68 74 74 68

107

11

73

28
30

28

66

71

78
104 73

50

92

167
199

100

51

52

124

108

8
9

33

46 52 51 46

30

69

33

52

24

29

28

35

40

32

38

29

19

33

32

32

38

29

30

10

37

33

28

11
18

35

29

16
19

34

14

142

16

10
17

65
62
80
72
91
69
107

21 2 5

63

16

73

50

19

25

72

26

8
16

53

29

21

23

24

30
19

30

26

9
17

7
14

71

28

31

16

17

11

9 10
18

17

10

30

30

10

80

29
35

30

21

21

23
11

38

10

10

65

19

29

38

28

14
19

12

29

65

35
26

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

37

16

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

M 1 : 1054
, 1 cm

291

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Dead load with inner roof opened II (parked on north)

14

16

16

-50.00

27

-150.00
0.00

42
37

23
8
14

19

50.00
100.00

28

50.00

18

17

22

28

13
13
17
12
15

14

23

22
20

118

104

35
27
24

94

168
91

111

27

23
11

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement vector in the global XY plane, nonlinear Loadcase 1013 1.0DL parked_N+MEP+event
cm 3D = 615.6 mm
(Max=222.7)

10

11

0.00

11

14

22

32
18

32

18

30

100.00

150.00

15
9

88
109
135
73

71

88

62

73

54
42

30

15
9

21

14
8

185
219

131

94

110

92
65
61
53

47

16
10
8

6
7

50

102

113

157

97

105
119

53

54

54
40

47

16
10

20

29

-50.00

68

91

122
123

87

153

26

158
193

77
74

83

112

73

82

98

77

72

59
210
173

12

130

53

72

51

51
51
45

119
223
113

18
14

145

30

14

15

15

23

14

15

15

11

22
20

30

26

23

29

27

39

11

44

47

41

47

27

41

11

44

39

12

52

40

60

51

59 66 66 59

47

60

53

53

14

55

54

64

11
18

59
48

74

74

88

53 47

87

70

61

65

11
11

113

92

54

12
13
12
14

90 99 99 90
76 84 83 75

72

18

9
10

10

88
75

75

34 29

45

119
222

62

18

32

30 1
2 19
13

19

-100.00
Z Y
X

52

20

28
32

29

20

22

27

22

61

18

23
23

210
173
145

71

73

28

18

17

22

24
30

50

11

151

152

106
201
165
135

99

105
201
165

123

94

88

94
23

15

14
17

75

24

15

31

131

11

39

135

122

120

110

110

27

88
109
135
73

4
14

15

122

112

105

130
158
193

35

168
91

5
14

98

97

104

44
18

9
3

20 34

103

106

110

113

111

37

32

16

104

18

28

87

40
15

69

92

20

38

44
19

72

88 95 94 88

68

34

38

67 74 73 67

93

50

23

73

88

40
39

93

122

70

26

82

87

50

83

151

51

59

39

51 46

52

99

51

72

78

46

113

51

40

102

156
184
218

37

33

50

39

43
36

86

118

42

32

37

37

12

22

91

28

47

73

40

32

46

37

27

38

32

25

74

9
3

28

17

64

76

29 35

32

14

16

11
18

88

20

10

8
16

86

35

68

31

7
14

45
41

38

21

26

72

32

18

11

9
17

9 10
9 18
22
33

33

10

53

37

28

17

35
26

39

35

40
38

37

12

37
36

93

43

40

11

39

18

27

10

37

47

10

26

25

37

46

20

13

21

38

41

45
41

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-100.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

M 1 : 1052
, 1

Note
Only the differential deformation between the above shown deformations will
occur due to the different states of the inner roof (closed, open I and open
II).

292

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Wind pressure

41

41

42

42

42

43

43

43

44

39

40

41

41

42

42

39

40

39

41

40
40
41

40
40

38

38
38
39

38

39

39

41

41

0.00

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement vector in the global XY plane, Loadcase 322 Wind 270_cant closed
mm
(Max=73.0)

41

41

32
0.00

29
50.00

28

17

3 1 18

29
30
15

14

44

32

43

38
37

-50.00

11

11

43

26 28
27 28

28

12

43

30

28

-50.00

16

24
21

23

59

33

23

22

35

24

21
45

32

54

54

44 45 46 46

42

22

37

46

43

43
41

14 5
11 1 1
15
1
10
33 25
12
3
0
1
1
0
1
14
31 24
10
10
8
24
5
0
1
1
30
10
9
24
10
11
28
16
9
10
28
28
11
10
27
17
13
9
20
29 29
23

11

13

44

42

54

54

56 56

59 59
58

55 55

61
62 62
61

58

72 72
66 66
73
67

47

34
46
41

22

49

37

35

53

48

32

46
41

63

46

41

55
55
55
55

21

32
13
14
12
30 1
4
11
29 1
6 1
1
23
12
34
12
22
8
11
12
21
16
12
20
12
1
1
19
11
13
22

23

39
43

36

33

33
32

32

34

21

21

47

12

32

39
43

32 32
32

46 47 48 48

33

45

33

37
41

28

32

35

11

20

16

35

24

48

20

12

21
21
24

31
35

32

28
32

23
26

33
37

43

36

28

34
35
39

50

29

35
39

50

28

37

50

32
43
38

48 49 50 49

22

23

21

21

50

35

47

13

68
61

57

21

18

18

17

43

67 67
61 61

31

68
61

32

59

44

30

33

31

43
38

53

57 57

54 54

57

53

30

49

44

40

39

22

32

35

32

50

49

11
24

24
17
11
18
27
23
27
19
24

-100.00

12

12

16
15

26

23

11

33

12

11

11
25

36

12

12

11

20

12

12

12
10

9
8

21

22
23

16

10

22

34

16
1
1
29
12
18 30
14
3
1
19 3 2
15
14
15

15

51 51

50 50

31

13

25

11

10

30
29

22

19

48

50

31

48 49 50 49

40

36

47

13

45

46 47 48 48

15

44 45 46 46

49

53

37 36

20
9
13
17
1
10
1
28 28
10
16
11
9
28 28 22
10
10
15
9
10
30
10
8
24
10
14
1
31
0
13
24
12
10
11
33
15
11
11
15
12
34 25 1
12
1
12
35
2
2 1
12 13 20 0
27

40
40

39

58
63

37

40

23

29

-150.00

40

39

29

100.00

41

26

13

20

29

50.00

30

25

20

13

100.00

26

150.00

41
40
40

30

33

35
31

73
67

33

11
16

41

25

14

14

39

30

15
15

39
38
38

29

11

18

41

21

23

41

32

41

21

22

23

26

18

26
23

33

Z Y
X

39

11

10

39

33
31

38

27

23
27 28
38
18
24
7
37
1
8
11
27 28
38
28
9
5
1
10
23
9
39
8
0
30
1
9
24
8
41
9
24 32
10
10
43
25 33
11
45
35
26
36
47
12

35 33

28

24

19

20

12

25

31

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-100.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

M 1 : 1034
, 1 cm 3D = 153.9

293

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

36

41

21

33

27

28

29

22

24

28

29

35

31

13

15

22

28

23 25 26
26

41

38

32

30

31

33 33

46

44

43

40

37

35

36 36

50

48

47

45

40 37

82

85

86

87

77

76

79

81

81

55 57

60

61

34

36

37

42

42

32

34

23

31

16
13

30 34 37
23
21

12

11

16

11

11

15

11

15

17

13
10

10

10
10
10

14

14

10

11
11

24

11

18

20

24

11

11

14
23

33

20

32

36

50.00

19

20

12

12

22

15

10

9
10

22

14

16

26 23 20

34

39

30

37

41

0.00

29

40

46

34

36

38

42

37

37

45

33

34

39

43

39

35

32

-50.00

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement vector in the global XY plane, Loadcase 502 Wind 300 openII
(Max=91.0)

15

10

11

36

34
33 33

23

21

12

36

20

18

18

37 33 30

39 35 32

42 38 35

35

33

33

30
35

36

40

44 40 38

29

25

29

33

46 42 39

24

37

50 46 44

32

14

25

32

38

38 36
34 32

25

42 46 49

29

39 34

32

44 49 53

31

47 52 56

36

30
31

15

23

43

34

37

36

33

25

17

42

-100.00

39

37
35

28

20

34

40

2
3 6
39 4
41

44

29

17

32

34

25
21

51

29

23

24

40

42

48

26

31

34

34

49 54 58

54

50 54 58

70
66 65 61

53 56 59

79

80

40 41

84

50.00

87 85

100.00

89 89

100.00

12

10

150.00

89

35

88

37

88

40

87

45

89 88

0.00

31

91 91

Z Y
X

-100.00

38

89

53

33

41

4
31 0
34 39

18

31 29 27
24

37 34 31

36 34

41

43

36

37

36 34

38

30

31
26
25
31
33
30
35
29
33
38

32

35 32

26

23

28

34 32

18

27

34 32

41
38
32
42 9
26
3

31
22

27 25

38

39

38

42

38

91

33

91

37

90 90

38

33

43

87 88

37
39

40

76

37

75

39

75 75

19

41

73

39

37

26

28

37

32

32

43

59

40

50

58

41

47

18

24 26 28

45

37

23

24 26 28 31

46

19 21

23

24 26 28 31

46

17

24

23 25 27 30

45

57 57

80 79 74
81

22

45

42

41

39

35

20

18

24

24

24

23

38

52 56 7
5

52

23 25 27 30

42

42

44

23

38

54

88 88

23

58

32

37

46

38

25

29

31

53 48
49

58

32

30
24 26 28

21

33

50

24

23

36
54

24

26

25

35

37

28

26

27

21 23
18 19

26

36

25

26

28

17

25

27

26

15

25

25

15

23
26

22
23

38

17

21

28

25

21

21

15

19
56

16

29

18

13

-150.00

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-50.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

M 1 : 1037
, 1 cm 3D = 153.9 mm

294

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Wind uplift

18

11

10
6

-100.00
-50.00

10

9
8

8
18

0.00
50.00

10

11

15

13

11

9
10

13

13

11

9
6

12

100.00

38

119

27
29
18
32
17
35
50
16
19

18

19

33

17

19
18
15

12

15
50.00

18

23

20

34

41

53

57

0.00

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement vector in the global XY plane, Loadcase 301 Wind 270 closed
(Max=128.3)

33

91

26

11

30

19

48
32

30

44

10

19
21

8
48
32

56

37
18
30 30
14 13

37
18

69

18

24

12

10

12

-50.00

26

14

-100.00

30

14
14

17

19
18
19

18

21

12

21 20

23

21 22

27

20 21 21 21
22

28

31

22
26
39

16

20

27
39

21

23

22
26
39

27

23

27

15
27

30

27

75

32

18

23
36
16
24

34

19

13

70

48
80
68

25

16

77

58

37 35 31 28

12

128
111

23

75

97

30

17

124
109

44 41 37 33

26
39

77

97 98

27

22
36

119

70

97

128
111

32

34

38

23

91

51

29

49 47 43 38

51

58

86

45

54
47 47
42 42
27
49
50
47 36
31
37
37
43
57
45
3
1
3
3
25
32
37
51
41
27
53
28
44
8
33
40
4
0
5
28 27
0
1
2
5
9
3
5
3
54
2
1
7
3
50
53
3
2
45
52
52
9
48
3
34
35
41
31
35

47

55

47

47
80
68

88 88

44
32

41

11

85
70

60

45

42

38

60

76

76

75

52 10
50

50

80 80

77 77

15

21

33

49

12

12

12

35
50
32
29

27

76

75

23

17

56

38

65

67

41

54 52 48 43

Z Y
X

64

58

19 19

10 10

18

57
71

78 69

58

60

18
18

44

23

17

64

84

22 22

32

9
9

15
13
14
18

38

11

54 52 48 43

17

58

10
11

16

27

18

49 47 43 38

12

54

11

23

34

13

30

15

44 41 37 33

49

13

19

17

16

25

16

21

35 31 28

13

23

37

15

32

43

10
10

37

37

32

13

14

19

10

27

21

23

27

28

10

33

9
18

19

16

10

64

84

85

18

57
72

77

85

56

20

52

38
56

65
78

48

52

23

19 30

28

19
32
35

34

27

19

49

48 36
42

27

18

41

56

41

45

32

42 42
47 47
51
47
50

38

42

60

52

24

30

37

35

26

47

26

15

36

47

60

31

30

12

53

57

27

33

45

28

28
31

41

52

55

40

44

31

13

53

28

35

13

48

27

31

39

50

50

50

53

54

52

45

15

57

50

31

34

39

51

18

52

20

52

23

41

-150.00

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

100.00

150.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

M 1 : 1053
, 1 cm 3D = 307.8 mm

295

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

21

25

-50.00

0.00

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement vector in the global XY plane, Loadcase 302 Wind 300 closed
(Max=111.4)

81
85

-100.00
-50.00

29
29

61
76

78

92
96
103 97
108

69

74

88
98 93

94 90

91 87

87

103

77

50.00

30
100.00

28

20

22

18

16
16
150.00

22

23

14

19

28 30

25
26

24

33
21

23

50.00

56

107
111

66
70
53
45

42

49

97

102

87

95

59

63

92

79

45
36
26

16

33

38

15

36

15

40

19

21

13

43

14

45

13

50

23

23

40

36

14

38

39

24 18
9
22 1

14

42

33
31
32

14

43

36
34
34

15

40

15

43

16

44

14

49
48
49

22

37
37 36

26

38

37
35

36

28

53
52
51
43

52
84

66

80

65

80
90 86

56

13

92

77

57

32 35

29

41

27 30
24

41

31

27

38

32
31
40

43

51

52

31

32

38

39

33

15

11
17 21
7

45

20
21
24
18
24
22
21
25
26
29 33
22
19
27
27
21
26
29 33
27
26

17

25

22

29

12

37

13

26
31

32 3 0

10
11

27
32

22

29

20

30
11

23

20
53

15

31
36

-100.00

48

37

37

48
43

50

53

36

60

49

48

55

59

51

48

45

44

51

52

60

47

48

28

55

42

61

38

33

57

44

59

40

35

38

61

49 54
54

32

51

46

38

24

57

45

25

29
38

47

41

72 71 68 63

65 63 60 56

31

28

74

68

35

32

62

31

33
30

48

78 77 74 69

41

79

34

61

49 57
45 52

33

41

31

44

47

36

31
37

40

14
23
36

49

47
45

44

53
59

24

30

37

37
41

61

57
72

17

39

83
63
77
8
79 6
66

15

35

29

89

10

62

32

68

91

22

63

70

87

29

89

20

67
80

88

14

36

19

52
68

85

87

78

80

41

41

30

58

55

25

52

54

48
45

28
29

60
55

25 27 28

23 26 27 28

66
61

23

21

68

20

15

68

28

16
18
22
20
22
20
22

27

16

26

15

25

14

13

21

26

27

18

18

25

26

20

25

20

24

19

20

14

17

20

24

18

23

18

19

13 13
13

18

16

25
25

16

23

14

13

22

14

14

31

33

19

47

51

62
57

48

40

43
55
59

58

16

25

16
16

24
24
24

41

35

34
34

23

20

19

31
30

44
51

55

52 5 6

22

18

31

35

43
43

51

20

42

19

34
30

35
35

38
46

42

17

25

48

48

25

41

43

53

51

24

20

35

37
36

38
42

46
53

43
51

48

23

15

41

54

53

22

15

20

21

35
35

35
50

47

Z Y
X

15

14

16

17

28

33

34

50

40

50

45

15

16

17

-150.00

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

0.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

18
13

100.00

M 1 : 1043
, 1 cm 3D = 307.8 mm

296

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%
Sand load with inner roof closed

12

13

14

15 15 14

13

11

14

16

17 19 19 17

16

13

16

19

20 22 22 20

19

15

15

11

10

10

10

2
2

21

50.00

0.00
50.00

7
7

0.00

Sector of system Group 200


Nodal displacement vector in the global XY plane, Loadcase 79 sand - inner roof closed
mm
(Max=52.2)

-50.00

8 7

5
2
4

9
7

3
2

2 2

2 2

2 2

5
5

100.00

13

14

13
16

14 15 15

11

10

9 8

13

12

6
7

100.00

150.00

15

13

51

34

20
11

12

14

19
25
25 25

25

25

24
15

18

13

10

10

22
25
27 27

31 31

35 35

30

52
43
35

15

8
8
9

18

22

34

27
30

35

52
43
49
41
49
42

27

27

18
35
28
22

12

11

7
51

27
27
25

6
7

15
13
11

21

18
34
27

10
9

16

4
2 4

17 19 19 17

10

16

10

2
1

16

13

12

10

2 2

10

10

2
2

18
35
28

22

18

14

10

27

15

27

25

35

30

27

25

25

27

49
42

2
1

52
43

49
41

27

52
43

35 35

51

35

31 31

19

-100.00

11

20 22 22 20

4
2

Z Y
X

4
3

15

6
7

19

7
7

22

7
7

16

18
35
27

34

30

25

22

27

27 27

10

15

7
18

25

19

7 8

21
15
13
11
10

22

25

25 25

2 4

25

10
9
11
9
9
7
8
8
8
8
6
10
8
5
11
7
5
13
7
7
16

21

7
8 8

19

14

34

10

51

8
9

2
2

13

2
2

-100.00

10

-50.00

10

10

11

10

2
10

10

4 7
4

2 2

15

2
2

10

12

15

4
4

2 2

2 2

7 8

5
4

4
1

4
4

schlaich bergermann und partner, Schwabstrasse 43, 70197 Stuttgart

-150.00

WinGraf (V 18.04-33) 7.07.2016

M 1 : 1031
, 1 cm 3D = 153.9

c:\nobr\extern\al bayt\160707 update 2 report bilder_100% primarysteel!!60706_3259_sdz_analyse_uls_maxima.cdb

297

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Robustness / Risk Mitigation

4.1

General

The topic of robustness is essentially covered by two Eurocodes, EN 1990


Eurocode 0, Basis of Structural Design, which provides the high level
principles for achieving robustness and EN 1991-1-7 Eurocode 1: Part 1-7
Accidental Actions which provides strategies and methods to obtain robustness
and the actions to consider.
The EN 1991-1-7 describes the principles and application rules for the
assessment of accidental actions on buildings and bridges. The leading design
principle is that local damage is acceptable provided that it will not endanger
the structure and that the global overall load-bearing capacity is maintained
during an appropriate length of time to allow necessary emergency measures to
be taken. As measures to mitigate the risk, various strategies are proposed
like prevention of actions, evacuation of persons, physical protection of the
structure and sufficient structural redundancy and ductility.
The code makes a clear distinction between identified and unidentified
accidental actions:
- For the identified accidental actions (for example vehicle impact) a
structural analysis is proposed, the level of which may depend on the envisaged
consequences of failure. It may vary from an analysis on the basis of static
equivalent forces to a quantitative risk analysis including nonlinear dynamic
structural analysis.
- For unidentified accidental actions sufficient robustness has to be provided.
Possible accidental actions to be identified and strategies to be developed to
ensure that damage to the structure is not disproportionate to the cause. The
Stadium building constitutes a consequence class 3 structure to EN 1991-1-7.
This requires that a systematic approach is followed that considers the range
of potential risks to the building and suitable risk mitigation measures to be
developed and analyzed.
In general it should be noted that structural robustness is considered purely
in the context of life safety to people within and around the building during
an accidental loading event. The requirements for the design of the structure
stop at the point of preventing disproportionate collapse occurring to ensure
the building remains in a stable condition to allow evacuation and emergency
procedures to be undertaken.
The tent roof structure outer supports are designed for vehicle impact as per
BS EN 1991-1-7, wherever exist possibility of traffic, close to the tent base
points.

298

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

4.2

Risk mitigation

The following list gives examples which suitable risk mitigation measures for
the roof structure can be carried out.

299

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

4.3

Critical/non-critical structural elements

In order to identify critical members regarding robustness all elements of the


roof structure have been classified in critical/non-critical members within the
following list.

Classification of structural elements


regarding robustness
Primary steel structure
Radial trusses (R01-R72)

critical
X

non-critical

Secondary steel structure


Intermediate trusses (X81-X96)
Columns - axis Hn
Upper purlins
Lower purlins
Facade purlins
Inner tangential truss
Bracings
VVIP - main members of portal frame
VVIP - secondary members (radial arcs)

critical
X
X

non-critical

X
X
X

see comment!
see comment!
see comment!

X
X
X
X

Important comment
The roof steel structure consists of a series of primary steel trusses
supporting secondary steel purlins in both the lower as well as the upper
membrane layer.
Individual (single span) purlins can be removed without compromising the
structural integrity at all. This removal is limited to a standard purlin,
which is not connected to any bracing element. This is valid only within an
accidental event where only the deadload and no live load (e.g. no wind, sand
load) is acting on the structure.

300

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Annex

5.1

Annex 1 load case combination table

LOADCASE COMBINATION - ULS

LF
LF
LF
LF

3xxx
4xxx
5xxx
6xxx

LF +250
LF +500

inner roof closed


inner roof openend (parked north and south)
inner roof parked north
roof driving + specials
Temp +50K
Temp -25K
LC 10

LC #

DL-FACTOR

3000
3001
3010
3011
3101
3102
3103
3201
3202
3203
3204
3205
3206
3207
3208
3211
3212
3213
3214
3231
3232
3233
3234
3242
3244
3250
3251
3260
3261
3351
3352
3353
3451
3452
3453
3454
3455
3456
3457
3458
3461
3462
3463
3464
3481
3482
3483
3484
3492
3494
3500
3501
3510
3511
3601
3602
3603
3701
3702
3703
3704
3705
3706
3707

DL1 unfav
DL1 fav
DL1+DL2+MEP unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND
DL1 unfav dT+50K
DL1 fav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP unfav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP fav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND +50K
DL1 unfav dT-25K
DL1 fav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP unfav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP fav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav -25K

1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
0,90
0,90
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
0,90
0,90
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
0,90
0,90
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35

3708
3711
3712
3713
3714
3731
3732
3733
3734
3742
3744

DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav -25K


DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W suc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+W pres+SAND -25K

1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

Catwalk
(DL2)

MEP

LC 14
Substru
cture
ETFEVideowa cushion
Rail
ll
s

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
0,90
0,90
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,75
0,75
0,75
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
0,90
0,90
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
0,90
0,90
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

LC 11

1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,75
0,75
0,75
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

LC 12

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
0,90
0,90
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

LC 13

LC 80

60 kg/m
LC 81 LC 20 LC 21 LC 60
LC 61

Water

Sand main
Temp Temp - roof Event +50K
25K outer

1,35

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,5
0,75
1,5

Sand main
roof inner

1,5
1,5
0,75

30 kg/m
WIND - INNER ROOF CLOSED
LC 74
LC 75
LC 301 LC 302 LC 303 LC 304 LC 305 LC 306 LC 307 LC 308
LC 311
LC 312
Sand
Sand
Sand
inner
inner
inner
roof - Wacker Wacker Wacker Wacker Wacker Wacker Wacker Wacker
suction pressure
roof roof parked
270
300
330
0
270
300
330
0 cantilever cantilever
closed opended north
Abb 5 Abb 6 Abb 7 Abb 8 Abb 5 Abb 6 Abb 7 Abb 8 design 0 design 0

LC 73

LC 321

LC 322

suction
cantilever
design
270

pressure
cantilever
design
270

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
0,90
0,90
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,75
0,75
0,75
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
0,90
0,90
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9

1,5
0,75
1,5

0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525

1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05

1,5
1,5
0,75

1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9

1,5
0,75
1,5

0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525

1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05

1,5
1,5
0,75

1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525

1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

LOADCASE COMBINATION - ULS

LF
LF
LF
LF

3xxx
4xxx
5xxx
6xxx

LF +250
LF +500

inner roof closed


inner roof openend (parked north and south)
inner roof parked north
roof driving + specials
Temp +50K
Temp -25K
LC 10

LC #
4000
4001
4010
4011
4101
4102
4103
4201
4202
4203
4204
4205
4206
4207
4208
4211
4212
4213
4214
4231
4232
4233
4234
4242
4244
4250
4251
4260
4261
4351
4352
4353
4451
4452
4453
4454
4455
4456
4457
4458
4461
4462
4463
4464
4481
4482
4483
4484
4492
4494
4500
4501
4510
4511
4601
4602
4603
4701
4702
4703
4704
4705
4706
4707
4708
4711
4712
4713
4714
4731
4732
4733
4734
4742
4744

DL1 unfav
DL1 fav
DL1+DL2+MEP unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1 unfav dT+50K
DL1 fav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP unfav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP fav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1 unfav dT-25K
DL1 fav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP unfav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP fav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K

DL-FACTOR
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

LC 11

Catwalk
(DL2)

MEP

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

LC 12

LC 14
Substru
cture
ETFEVideowa cushion
Rail
ll
s
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

LC 13

LC 80

60 kg/m
LC 81 LC 20 LC 21 LC 60
LC 61

Water

Sand main
Temp Temp - roof Event +50K
25K outer

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,5
0,75
1,5

Sand main
roof inner

1,5
1,5
0,75

30 kg/m
LC 74
LC 75
Sand
Sand
Sand
inner
inner
inner
roof roof roof parked
closed opended north

LC 73

WIND - INNER ROOF OPENED I


LC 401 LC 402 LC 403 LC 404
LC 411

LC 412

LC 421

LC 422

Wacker Wacker Wacker Wacker


suction
pressure
270
300
330 0 Abb cantilever cantilever
Abb 2 Abb 3 Abb 4
1 design 0 design 0

suction
cantilever
design
270

pressure
cantilever
design
270

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9

1,5
0,75
1,5

0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525

1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05

1,5
1,5
0,75

1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9

1,5
0,75
1,5

0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525

1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05

1,5
1,5
0,75

1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525

1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

LOADCASE COMBINATION - ULS

LF 3xxx
LF 4xxx
LF 5xxx
LF 6xxx

inner roof closed


inner roof openend (parked north and south)
inner roof parked north
roof driving + specials

LF +250
LF +500

Temp +50K
Temp -25K
LC 10

LC #
5000
5001
5010
5011
5101
5102
5103
5201
5202
5203
5204
5205
5206
5207
5208
5209
5210
5211
5212
5213
5214
5221
5222
5223
5224
5225
5226
5231
5232
5233
5234
5235
5236
5237
5242
5244
5246
5250
5251
5260
5261
5351
5352
5353
5451
5452
5453
5454
5455
5456
5457
5458
5459
5460
5461
5462
5463
5464
5471
5472
5473
5474
5475
5476
5481
5482
5483
5484
5485
5486
5487
5492
5494
5496
5500
5501
5510
5511
5601
5602
5603
5701
5702
5703
5704
5705
5706
5707
5708
5709
5710
5711
5712
5713
5714
5721
5722
5723
5724
5725
5726
5731
5732
5733
5734
5735
5736
5737
5742
5744
5746

DL1 unfav
DL1 fav
DL1+DL2+MEP unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND
DL1 unfav dT+50K
DL1 fav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP unfav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP fav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND +50K
DL1 unfav dT-25K
DL1 fav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP unfav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP fav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+SAND dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wsuc fav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres unfav -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+Wpres+SAND -25K

DL-FACTOR
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

LC 11

Catwalk
(DL2)

MEP

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
0,75
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

LC 12

LC 14
Substru
cture
ETFEVideow cushion
Rail
all
s
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
0,90
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

LC 13

LC 80

60 kg/m
LC 81 LC 20 LC 21 LC 60
LC 61

Water

Sand main
Temp Temp - roof Event +50K
25K outer

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35

1,35

0,95

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95
0,95

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,5
0,75
1,5

Sand main
roof inner

1,5
1,5
0,75

LC 73
Sand
inner
roof closed

30 kg/m
WIND - INNER ROOF OPENED II
LC 74
LC 75
LC 501 LC 502 LC 503 LC 504 LC 505 LC 506 LC 507
LC 511
LC 512
Sand
Sand
inner
inner
roof roof - Wacker Wacker Wacker Wacker Wacker Wacker Wacker
suction pressure
opende parked
270
300
330
0
120
150
180 cantilever cantilever
d
north
Abb 12 Abb 11 Abb 10 Abb 9 Abb 13 Abb 14 Abb 15 design 0 design 0

LC 521
suction
cantilever
design
270

LC 522

LC 531

LC 532

pressure
suction pressure
cantilever cantilever cantilever
design
design
design
270
180
180

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9

1,5
0,75
1,5

0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525

1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05

1,5
1,5
0,75

1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9
0,9

1,5
0,75
1,5

0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525

1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05

1,5
1,5
0,75

1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525
0,525

1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05
1,05

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

LOADCASE COMBINATION - ULS

LF 3xxx
LF 4xxx
LF 5xxx
LF 6xxx

inner roof closed


inner roof openend (parked north and south)
inner roof parked north
roof driving + specials

LF +250 Temp +50K


LF +500 Temp -25K
LF 10

LF #
6001
6002
6003
6004
6005
6006
6007
6008
6009
6010
6011
6012
6013
6100

Bezeichnung
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav
DL1+DL2+MEP+WATER unfav

LF 11

LF 12

LF 13

LF 14

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

Catwalk
(DL2)
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

MEP
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

Rail
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

Videowall
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

Substructure
ETFEcushions
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

DL-FAKTOR

6251
6252
6253
6254
6255
6256
6257
6258
6259
6260
6261
6262
6263
6350

DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT+50K


DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT+50K
DL1+DL2+MEP+WATER unfav dT+50K

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

6501
6502
6503
6504
6505
6506
6507
6508
6509
6510
6511
6512
6513
6600

DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT-25K


DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+DRIVING unfav dT-25K
DL1+DL2+MEP+WATER unfav dT-25K

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

LF 80

LF 81 LF 20

Water

Event Temp +50K Temp -25K


1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,35

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

LF 21

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

LF 150
Inner roof
driving from
south to
north
1,35

LF 151
Inner roof
driving from
south to
north

LF 152
Inner roof
driving from
south to
north

LF 153
Inner roof
driving from
south to
north

LF 154
Inner roof
driving from
south to
north

LF 155
Inner roof
driving from
south to
north

LF 156
Inner roof
driving from
south to
north

LF 157
Inner roof
driving from
south to
north

LF 158
Inner roof
driving from
south to
north

LF 159
Inner roof
driving from
south to
north

LF 160
Inner roof
driving from
south to
north

LF 161
Inner roof
driving from
south to
north

LF 162
Inner roof
driving from
south to
north

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5
1,5

1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35
1,35

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

5.2

Annex 2 design sheet for facade purlin

An index references each element, ranging from 103 to 9606. The last digit
corresponds to the row (1-6). The hundreds refer to the axis (1-72);
intermediate axes are numbered 81-96. The referencing is shown graphically
below.

Tent Roof
Secondary steel structure 100%

Please provide member capacities check for the


maximum forces as clouded.

INDEX

Axis Row N min


[-]

103
104
105
106
201
202
203
204
205
206
301
302
303
304
305
306
401
402
403
404
405
406
501
502
503
504
505
506
601
602
603
604
605
606
701
702

[-]
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
7
7

[KN]
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2

N max Mglob

[KN]
-360
468
-829
71
-362
444
-1810
1796
-990
380
-450
307
-434
554
-863
106
-363
344
-2673
1059
-434
211
-426
117
-420
180
-411
17
-327
132
-466
115
-401
135
-362
60
-374
103
-366
16
-292
70
-380
46
-304
2
-305
2
-305
2
-304
2
-308
1
-303
1
-495
172
-430
110
-419
109
-406
73
-320
87
-420
50
-638
286
-517
180

Mlok

member
length

[KNm] [KNm] L [m]


14.036 144.42
8.106
18.028 336.16
8.07
123 66.287
8.07
24.021 343.02
8.004
21.024 270.03
9.522
18.028 256.13
9.258
18.028 245.84
9.078
26.019 426.24
8.94
151 81.541
8.94
37.014 457.75
9.126
110 777.11
16.35
111 793.58
16.35
111 793.58
16.35
146 1423.1
16.35
558 273.79
16.35
177 1478.9
16.23
109 782.79
16.23
109 783.66
16.23
109 783.66
16.23
178 1402
16.23
551 269.88
16.23
175 1459.4
16.116
116.3 467.36
13.074
121.25 469.92
13.074
121.25 467.36
13.074
104.32 877.78
13.074
326.04 190.23
13.074
124.58 808.7
12.576
100 708.3
15.474
99.005 724.44
15.474
99.005 724.44
15.474
130 1357.8
15.474
483 238.61
15.474
120 1245.3
14.85
75.007 648.61
14.562
74.007 664.1
14.562

buckling length factors


by [-]
bz [-]
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

cross-sectionno.
("manually
chosen;
redesign) diameter
[-]

D [mm]
4510
4512
4510
6012
4510
4510
4510
4515
4510
6015
6015
6015
6015
6020
6015
6025
6015
6015
6015
6025
6015
6025
6012
6012
6012
6012
6012
6015
6015
6015
6015
6020
6012
6020
6012
6012

457.2
457.2
457.2
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610

thickness

area

T [mm]

A [cm2]
10
12
10
12
10
10
10
15
10
15
15
15
15
20
15
25
15
15
15
25
15
25
12
12
12
12
12
15
15
15
15
20
12
20
12
12

moment of
inertia
140
168
140
225
140
140
140
208
140
280
280
280
280
371
280
459
280
280
280
459
280
459
225
225
225
225
225
280
280
280
280
371
225
371
225
225

Iy=Iz [cm4]
35138
41612
35138
100814
35138
35138
35138
50993
35138
124159
124159
124159
124159
161490
124159
196906
124159
124159
124159
196906
124159
196906
100814
100814
100814
100814
100814
124159
124159
124159
124159
161490
100814
161490
100814
100814

E-modulus

strength
fyk [N/mm2]
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

E [N/mm2]
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000

Title of the Tables??


Required maximum capacity of each steel member sections calculations and compare against the actual maximum forces for each type of steel section.

buckling
curve

imperfection
factor
a [-]

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49

classification of cross-section
D/T [-]
45.7
38.1
45.7
50.8
45.7
45.7
45.7
30.5
45.7
40.7
40.7
40.7
40.7
30.5
40.7
24.4
40.7
40.7
40.7
24.4
40.7
24.4
50.8
50.8
50.8
50.8
50.8
40.7
40.7
40.7
40.7
30.5
50.8
30.5
50.8
50.8

elastic or plastic
design
resistances

section-class
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design

plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
elastic

in buckling
analysis
considered
section
modulus
W [cm3]
2000
2379
2000
3305
2000
2000
2000
2934
2000
5312
5312
5312
5312
6965
5312
8561
5312
5312
5312
8561
5312
8561
3305
3305
3305
3305
3305
5312
5312
5312
5312
6965
3305
6965
3305
3305

elastic
section
modulus
Wel [cm3]
1537
1820
1537
3305
1537
1537
1537
2231
1537
4071
4071
4071
4071
5295
4071
6456
4071
4071
4071
6456
4071
6456
3305
3305
3305
3305
3305
4071
4071
4071
4071
5295
3305
5295
3305
3305

buckling length

Lcr,y [m]
8.11
8.07
8.07
8.00
9.52
9.26
9.08
8.94
8.94
9.13
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.12
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
12.58
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
14.85
14.56
14.56

Lcr,z[m]
8.11
8.07
8.07
8.00
9.52
9.26
9.08
8.94
8.94
9.13
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.12
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
12.58
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
14.85
14.56
14.56

elastic flexural buckling


force
Ncr,y [kN]
11084
13243
11183
32616
8032
8497
8837
13224
9112
30898
9626
9626
9626
12521
9626
15493
9769
9769
9769
15493
9769
15713
12224
12224
12224
12224
12224
16271
10747
10747
10747
13978
8726
15178
9854
9854

Ncr,z [kN]
11084
13243
11183
32616
8032
8497
8837
13224
9112
30898
9626
9626
9626
12521
9626
15493
9769
9769
9769
15493
9769
15713
12224
12224
12224
12224
12224
16271
10747
10747
10747
13978
8726
15178
9854
9854

slenderness for flexural


buckling
ly [-]
0.671
0.671
0.668
0.495
0.788
0.766
0.751
0.748
0.740
0.568
1.017
1.017
1.017
1.025
1.017
1.026
1.009
1.009
1.009
1.026
1.009
1.019
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.782
0.962
0.962
0.962
0.970
0.958
0.931
0.901
0.901

lz [-]
0.671
0.671
0.668
0.495
0.788
0.766
0.751
0.748
0.740
0.568
1.017
1.017
1.017
1.025
1.017
1.026
1.009
1.009
1.009
1.026
1.009
1.019
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.782
0.962
0.962
0.962
0.970
0.958
0.931
0.901
0.901

red. factor
torsional
buckl.

reduction factor for flexural buckling

fy [-]
0.8403
0.8403
0.8376
0.6951
0.9545
0.9322
0.9172
0.9140
0.9059
0.7511
1.2171
1.2171
1.2171
1.2277
1.2171
1.2288
1.2077
1.2077
1.2077
1.2288
1.2077
1.2196
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9485
1.1499
1.1499
1.1499
1.1595
1.1442
1.1127
1.0779
1.0779

cy [-]
0.7427
0.7427
0.7445
0.8456
0.6697
0.6834
0.6928
0.6948
0.6999
0.8044
0.5302
0.5302
0.5302
0.5254
0.5302
0.5250
0.5345
0.5345
0.5345
0.5250
0.5345
0.5291
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6734
0.5621
0.5621
0.5621
0.5574
0.5649
0.5808
0.5991
0.5991

fz [-]
0.8403
0.8403
0.8376
0.6951
0.9545
0.9322
0.9172
0.9140
0.9059
0.7511
1.2171
1.2171
1.2171
1.2277
1.2171
1.2288
1.2077
1.2077
1.2077
1.2288
1.2077
1.2196
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9485
1.1499
1.1499
1.1499
1.1595
1.1442
1.1127
1.0779
1.0779

cz [-]
0.7427
0.7427
0.7445
0.8456
0.6697
0.6834
0.6928
0.6948
0.6999
0.8044
0.5302
0.5302
0.5302
0.5254
0.5302
0.5250
0.5345
0.5345
0.5345
0.5250
0.5345
0.5291
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6734
0.5621
0.5621
0.5621
0.5574
0.5649
0.5808
0.5991
0.5991

cLT [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

moment coefficients

cmy [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

cmz [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 3

kyy,1
1.0391
1.0754
1.0391
1.0795
1.1401
1.0607
1.0566
1.0753
1.0462
1.1137
1.0502
1.0492
1.0486
1.0366
1.0378
1.0335
1.0456
1.0412
1.0426
1.0263
1.0332
1.0269
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0212
1.0511
1.0444
1.0432
1.0322
1.0407
1.0307
1.0720
1.0583

kyy,2
1.0583
1.1124
1.0585
1.1605
1.1778
1.0792
1.0754
1.1007
1.0624
1.2003
1.0493
1.0484
1.0477
1.0357
1.0372
1.0327
1.0452
1.0408
1.0422
1.0256
1.0329
1.0264
1.0347
1.0348
1.0348
1.0347
1.0352
1.0271
1.0531
1.0461
1.0449
1.0332
1.0425
1.0330
1.0798
1.0647

kyy
1.0391
1.0754
1.0391
1.0795
1.1401
1.0607
1.0566
1.0753
1.0462
1.1137
1.0493
1.0484
1.0477
1.0357
1.0372
1.0327
1.0452
1.0408
1.0422
1.0256
1.0329
1.0264
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0212
1.0511
1.0444
1.0432
1.0322
1.0407
1.0307
1.0720
1.0583

kzz,1
1.0391
1.0754
1.0391
1.0795
1.1401
1.0607
1.0566
1.0753
1.0462
1.1137
1.0502
1.0492
1.0486
1.0366
1.0378
1.0335
1.0456
1.0412
1.0426
1.0263
1.0332
1.0269
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0212
1.0511
1.0444
1.0432
1.0322
1.0407
1.0307
1.0720
1.0583

kzz,2
1.0583
1.1124
1.0585
1.1605
1.1778
1.0792
1.0754
1.1007
1.0624
1.2003
1.0493
1.0484
1.0477
1.0357
1.0372
1.0327
1.0452
1.0408
1.0422
1.0256
1.0329
1.0264
1.0347
1.0348
1.0348
1.0347
1.0352
1.0271
1.0531
1.0461
1.0449
1.0332
1.0425
1.0330
1.0798
1.0647

kzz
1.0391
1.0754
1.0391
1.0795
1.1401
1.0607
1.0566
1.0753
1.0462
1.1137
1.0493
1.0484
1.0477
1.0357
1.0372
1.0327
1.0452
1.0408
1.0422
1.0256
1.0329
1.0264
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0212
1.0511
1.0444
1.0432
1.0322
1.0407
1.0307
1.0720
1.0583

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 1 and 2

kyy,1
1.0458
1.0882
1.0456
1.0790
1.1743
1.0747
1.0692
1.0920
1.0561
1.1227
1.0672
1.0659
1.0650
1.0490
1.0506
1.0450
1.0610
1.0551
1.0569
1.0353
1.0444
1.0361
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0263
1.0675
1.0586
1.0571
1.0426
1.0536
1.0402
1.0933
1.0756

kyy,2
1.0778
1.1499
1.0780
1.2140
1.2371
1.1056
1.1005
1.1343
1.0832
1.2671
1.0658
1.0646
1.0637
1.0475
1.0496
1.0435
1.0603
1.0544
1.0562
1.0342
1.0439
1.0352
1.0463
1.0464
1.0464
1.0463
1.0469
1.0362
1.0708
1.0615
1.0599
1.0443
1.0566
1.0440
1.1065
1.0863

kyy
1.0458
1.0882
1.0456
1.0790
1.1743
1.0747
1.0692
1.0920
1.0561
1.1227
1.0658
1.0646
1.0637
1.0475
1.0496
1.0435
1.0603
1.0544
1.0562
1.0342
1.0439
1.0352
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0263
1.0675
1.0586
1.0571
1.0426
1.0536
1.0402
1.0933
1.0756

kzz,1
1.0458
1.0882
1.0456
1.0790
1.1743
1.0747
1.0692
1.0920
1.0561
1.1227
1.0672
1.0659
1.0650
1.0490
1.0506
1.0450
1.0610
1.0551
1.0569
1.0353
1.0444
1.0361
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0263
1.0675
1.0586
1.0571
1.0426
1.0536
1.0402
1.0933
1.0756

kzz,2
1.0778
1.1499
1.0780
1.2140
1.2371
1.1056
1.1005
1.1343
1.0832
1.2671
1.0658
1.0646
1.0637
1.0475
1.0496
1.0435
1.0603
1.0544
1.0562
1.0342
1.0439
1.0352
1.0463
1.0464
1.0464
1.0463
1.0469
1.0362
1.0708
1.0615
1.0599
1.0443
1.0566
1.0440
1.1065
1.0863

kzz
1.0458
1.0882
1.0456
1.0790
1.1743
1.0747
1.0692
1.0920
1.0561
1.1227
1.0658
1.0646
1.0637
1.0475
1.0496
1.0435
1.0603
1.0544
1.0562
1.0342
1.0439
1.0352
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0263
1.0675
1.0586
1.0571
1.0426
1.0536
1.0402
1.0933
1.0756

interaction factors

kyy [-]
1.046
1.088
1.046
1.079
1.174
1.075
1.069
1.092
1.056
1.123
1.066
1.065
1.064
1.048
1.050
1.044
1.060
1.054
1.056
1.034
1.044
1.035
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.026
1.067
1.059
1.057
1.043
1.041
1.040
1.072
1.058

kzz [-]
1.046
1.088
1.046
1.079
1.174
1.075
1.069
1.092
1.056
1.123
1.066
1.065
1.064
1.048
1.050
1.044
1.060
1.054
1.056
1.034
1.044
1.035
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.026
1.067
1.059
1.057
1.043
1.041
1.040
1.072
1.058

kyz [-]
0.627
0.653
0.627
1.079
0.705
0.645
0.642
0.655
0.634
0.674
0.639
0.639
0.638
0.629
0.630
0.626
0.636
0.633
0.634
0.621
0.626
0.621
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
0.616
0.640
0.635
0.634
0.626
1.041
0.624
1.072
1.058

max./ min. inner forces and moments

kzy [-]
0.627
0.653
0.627
0.864
0.705
0.645
0.642
0.655
0.634
0.674
0.639
0.639
0.638
0.629
0.630
0.626
0.636
0.633
0.634
0.621
0.626
0.621
0.822
0.823
0.823
0.822
0.823
0.616
0.640
0.635
0.634
0.626
0.833
0.624
0.858
0.847

in buckling analysis considered forces


and moments

max Mlok [kNm] NEd [kN]


My,Ed [kNm] Mz,Ed [kNm]
max N [kN] min N [kN]max Mglob [kNm]
468.0
-360.0
158.5
0.0
360
158
0
71.0
-829.0
354.2
0.0
829
354
0
444.0
-362.0
189.3
0.0
362
189
0
1796.0
-1810.0
367.0
0.0
1810
367
0
380.0
-990.0
291.0
0.0
990
291
0
307.0
-450.0
274.2
0.0
450
274
0
554.0
-434.0
263.9
0.0
434
264
0
106.0
-863.0
452.3
0.0
863
452
0
344.0
-363.0
232.5
0.0
363
233
0
1059.0
-2673.0
494.8
0.0
2673
495
0
211.0
-434.0
887.1
0.0
434
887
0
117.0
-426.0
904.6
0.0
426
905
0
180.0
-420.0
904.6
0.0
420
905
0
17.0
-411.0
1569.1
0.0
411
1569
0
132.0
-327.0
831.8
0.0
327
832
0
115.0
-466.0
1655.9
0.0
466
1656
0
135.0
-401.0
891.8
0.0
401
892
0
60.0
-362.0
892.7
0.0
362
893
0
103.0
-374.0
892.7
0.0
374
893
0
16.0
-366.0
1580.0
0.0
366
1580
0
70.0
-292.0
820.9
0.0
292
821
0
46.0
-380.0
1634.4
0.0
380
1634
0
2.0
-304.0
583.7
0.0
304
584
0
2.0
-305.0
591.2
0.0
305
591
0
2.0
-305.0
588.6
0.0
305
589
0
2.0
-304.0
982.1
0.0
304
982
0
1.0
-308.0
516.3
0.0
308
516
0
1.0
-303.0
933.3
0.0
303
933
0
172.0
-495.0
808.3
0.0
495
808
0
110.0
-430.0
823.4
0.0
430
823
0
109.0
-419.0
823.4
0.0
419
823
0
73.0
-406.0
1487.8
0.0
406
1488
0
87.0
-320.0
721.6
0.0
320
722
0
50.0
-420.0
1365.3
0.0
420
1365
0
286.0
-638.0
723.6
0.0
638
724
0
180.0
-517.0
738.1
0.0
517
738
0

capacity of cross-section

NRk [kN]
My,Rk [kNm] Mz,Rk [kNm]
4987
710
710
5958
845
845
4987
710
710
8003
1173
1173
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
7398
1042
1042
4987
710
710
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
13160
2472
2472
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173

buckling analysis - part 1

NEd/(cy*NRk/gM1kyy*My,Ed/(cLT*M
kyz*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
0.097
0.187
0.097
0.267
0.296
0.132
0.126
0.168
0.104
0.334
0.082
0.081
0.080
0.059
0.062
0.054
0.075
0.068
0.070
0.043
0.055
0.044
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.059
0.045
0.088
0.077
0.075
0.055
0.071
0.055
0.133
0.108

0.233
0.456
0.279
0.338
0.481
0.415
0.397
0.474
0.346
0.295
0.501
0.511
0.510
0.665
0.463
0.569
0.501
0.499
0.500
0.538
0.454
0.557
0.511
0.518
0.516
0.860
0.453
0.508
0.458
0.462
0.462
0.627
0.640
0.574
0.661
0.666

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

utilisation grade buckling


analysis

buckling analysis - part 2

0.331
0.644
0.376
0.605
0.778
0.547
0.523
0.642
0.450
0.628
0.584
0.591
0.590
0.724
0.525
0.623
0.577
0.567
0.570
0.580
0.509
0.601
0.569
0.576
0.574
0.918
0.511
0.553
0.546
0.539
0.537
0.683
0.711
0.629
0.794
0.774

NEd/(cz*NRk/g*M
*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
M1 y,Ed/(cLT*My,Rk
0.097
0.187
0.097
0.267
0.296
0.132
0.126
0.168
0.104
0.334
0.082
0.081
0.080
0.059
0.062
0.054
0.075
0.068
0.070
0.043
0.055
0.044
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.059
0.045
0.088
0.077
0.075
0.055
0.071
0.055
0.133
0.108

0.140
0.274
0.167
0.270
0.289
0.249
0.238
0.284
0.208
0.177
0.301
0.306
0.306
0.399
0.278
0.341
0.301
0.300
0.300
0.323
0.273
0.334
0.409
0.414
0.413
0.688
0.362
0.305
0.275
0.277
0.277
0.376
0.512
0.345
0.529
0.533

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.237
0.461
0.265
0.538
0.585
0.381
0.364
0.452
0.312
0.511
0.383
0.387
0.386
0.458
0.340
0.396
0.376
0.368
0.370
0.365
0.328
0.378
0.467
0.472
0.471
0.746
0.421
0.350
0.363
0.354
0.352
0.432
0.583
0.400
0.662
0.640

0.331
0.644
0.376
0.605
0.778
0.547
0.523
0.642
0.450
0.628
0.584
0.591
0.590
0.724
0.525
0.623
0.577
0.567
0.570
0.580
0.509
0.601
0.569
0.576
0.574
0.918
0.511
0.553
0.546
0.539
0.537
0.683
0.711
0.629
0.794
0.774

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

Md = (max
Nd =
2
maxmin N;
My +
2 0,5
max N
minMz )
[kN]
468
829
444
1810
990
450
554
863
363
2673
434
426
420
411
327
466
401
362
374
366
292
380
304
305
305
304
308
303
495
430
419
406
320
420
638
517

[kNm]
158
354
189
367
291
274
264
452
233
495
887
905
905
1569
832
1656
892
893
893
1580
821
1634
584
591
589
982
516
933
808
823
823
1488
722
1365
724
738

Nd/A

Md/Wel

[kN/cm ]
3.33
4.94
3.16
8.03
7.05
3.20
3.94
4.14
2.58
9.53
1.55
1.52
1.50
1.11
1.17
1.01
1.43
1.29
1.33
0.80
1.04
0.83
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.37
1.08
1.77
1.53
1.49
1.10
1.42
1.13
2.83
2.29

[kN/cm ]
10.31
19.46
12.31
11.10
18.93
17.84
17.17
20.27
15.13
12.15
21.79
22.22
22.22
29.64
20.43
25.65
21.91
21.93
21.93
24.47
20.17
25.32
17.66
17.89
17.81
29.71
15.62
22.93
19.86
20.23
20.23
28.10
21.83
25.79
21.89
22.33

sd

sd/(fyk/gM0)

[kN/cm ]
13.64
24.40
15.48
19.13
25.98
21.04
21.11
24.42
17.71
21.69
23.34
23.74
23.72
30.74
21.60
26.66
23.34
23.22
23.26
25.27
21.21
26.14
19.01
19.24
19.16
31.06
16.99
24.01
21.62
21.76
21.72
29.20
23.25
26.92
24.72
24.62

[-]
0.384
0.687
0.436
0.539
0.732
0.593
0.595
0.688
0.499
0.611
0.657
0.669
0.668
0.866
0.608
0.751
0.657
0.654
0.655
0.712
0.597
0.736
0.535
0.542
0.540
0.875
0.478
0.676
0.609
0.613
0.612
0.822
0.655
0.758
0.696
0.694

DC may consider to restrict the utility ratios to '0.9' for considering unforeseen incremental loadings, unpredicted poor workmanship, site tolerances and allowing future redesign flexibility.

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

INDEX

Axis Row N min


[-]

703
704
705
706
801
802
803
804
805
806
901
902
903
904
905
906
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306

[-]
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13

[KN]
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6

N max Mglob

[KN]
-499
176
-488
129
-332
141
-551
99
-887
478
-660
284
-651
293
-622
215
-355
226
-702
157
-1362
1393
-1097
496
-979
533
-1941
1061
-435
343
-858
1118
-757
493
-874
322
-915
394
-1534
847
-1135
537
-774
839
-756
361
-593
213
-574
215
-567
156
-404
66
-540
263
-447
113
-401
72
-387
67
-405
46
-364
71
-471
161
-305
2
-306
2
-306
2
-305
1
-311
-1
-305
1

Mlok

member
length

[KNm] [KNm] L [m]


74.007 664.1
14.562
116 1210.6
14.562
427 233.82
14.562
82.006 1090.4
14.052
171 933.89
17.274
167 937.35
17.274
128 937.35
17.274
205 1704.2
17.274
621 334.43
17.274
188 1554.9
16.536
82.006 575.15
13.464
80.006 569.95
13.464
67.007 569.95
13.464
109 1035.4
13.464
365.01 218.69
13.464
195 1567.9
16.83
58.009 464.84
12.732
59.008 473.22
12.732
59.008 473.22
12.732
94.005 912.38
12.732
335.01 183.17
12.732
36.014 313.94
7.308
191 1007.1
18.324
188 980.88
18.324
188 980.88
18.324
273 1890.3
18.324
751 374.68
18.324
205 1727
17.37
79.006 651.02
15.06
79.006 649.3
15.06
79.006 649.3
15.06
124 1198.2
15.06
462 250.84
15.06
114 1171.4
14.436
127.94 457.81
13.494
135.53 470.59
13.494
135.53 467.17
13.494
121.25 875.85
13.494
353.03 226.29
13.494
101.32 874.64
12.99

buckling length factors


by [-]
bz [-]
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

cross-sectionno.
("manually
chosen;
redesign) diameter
[-]

D [mm]
6012
6020
6012
6015
6020
6020
6015
6025
6015
6025
6015
6015
6012
6020
6012
6025
6012
6012
6012
6020
6012
6025
6020
6020
6020
6030
6020
6025
6012
6012
6012
6020
6012
6020
6012
6012
6012
6015
6012
6015

610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610

thickness

area

T [mm]

A [cm2]
12
20
12
15
20
20
15
25
15
25
15
15
12
20
12
25
12
12
12
20
12
25
20
20
20
30
20
25
12
12
12
20
12
20
12
12
12
15
12
15

moment of
inertia
225
371
225
280
371
371
280
459
280
459
280
280
225
371
225
459
225
225
225
371
225
459
371
371
371
547
371
459
225
225
225
371
225
371
225
225
225
280
225
280

Iy=Iz [cm4]
100814
161490
100814
124159
161490
161490
124159
196906
124159
196906
124159
124159
100814
161490
100814
196906
100814
100814
100814
161490
100814
196906
161490
161490
161490
230476
161490
196906
100814
100814
100814
161490
100814
161490
100814
100814
100814
124159
100814
124159

E-modulus

strength
fyk [N/mm2]
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

E [N/mm2]
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000

buckling
curve

imperfection
factor
a [-]

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49

classification of cross-section
D/T [-]
50.8
30.5
50.8
40.7
30.5
30.5
40.7
24.4
40.7
24.4
40.7
40.7
50.8
30.5
50.8
24.4
50.8
50.8
50.8
30.5
50.8
24.4
30.5
30.5
30.5
20.3
30.5
24.4
50.8
50.8
50.8
30.5
50.8
30.5
50.8
50.8
50.8
40.7
50.8
40.7

elastic or plastic
design
resistances

section-class
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.

elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic

in buckling
analysis
considered
section
modulus
W [cm3]
3305
6965
3305
5312
6965
6965
5312
8561
5312
8561
5312
5312
3305
6965
3305
8561
3305
3305
3305
6965
3305
8561
6965
6965
6965
10101
6965
8561
3305
3305
3305
6965
3305
6965
3305
3305
3305
5312
3305
5312

elastic
section
modulus
Wel [cm3]
3305
5295
3305
4071
5295
5295
4071
6456
4071
6456
4071
4071
3305
5295
3305
6456
3305
3305
3305
5295
3305
6456
5295
5295
5295
7557
5295
6456
3305
3305
3305
5295
3305
5295
3305
3305
3305
4071
3305
4071

buckling length

Lcr,y [m]
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.05
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
16.54
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
16.83
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
7.31
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
17.37
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
14.44
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
12.99

Lcr,z[m]
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.05
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
16.54
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
16.83
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
7.31
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
17.37
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
14.44
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
12.99

elastic flexural buckling


force
Ncr,y [kN]
9854
15784
9854
13032
11217
11217
8624
13677
8624
14925
14195
14195
11526
18464
11526
14408
12890
12890
12890
20648
12890
76416
9968
9968
9968
14227
9968
13526
9213
9213
9213
14758
9213
16061
11475
11475
11475
14132
11475
15250

Ncr,z [kN]
9854
15784
9854
13032
11217
11217
8624
13677
8624
14925
14195
14195
11526
18464
11526
14408
12890
12890
12890
20648
12890
76416
9968
9968
9968
14227
9968
13526
9213
9213
9213
14758
9213
16061
11475
11475
11475
14132
11475
15250

slenderness for flexural


buckling
ly [-]
0.901
0.913
0.901
0.874
1.083
1.083
1.074
1.092
1.074
1.045
0.837
0.837
0.833
0.844
0.833
1.064
0.788
0.788
0.788
0.798
0.788
0.462
1.149
1.149
1.149
1.168
1.149
1.098
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.944
0.932
0.905
0.835
0.835
0.835
0.839
0.835
0.808

lz [-]
0.901
0.913
0.901
0.874
1.083
1.083
1.074
1.092
1.074
1.045
0.837
0.837
0.833
0.844
0.833
1.064
0.788
0.788
0.788
0.798
0.788
0.462
1.149
1.149
1.149
1.168
1.149
1.098
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.944
0.932
0.905
0.835
0.835
0.835
0.839
0.835
0.808

red. factor
torsional
buckl.

reduction factor for flexural buckling

fy [-]
1.0779
1.0916
1.0779
1.0470
1.3030
1.3030
1.2913
1.3148
1.2913
1.2535
1.0068
1.0068
1.0023
1.0142
1.0023
1.2777
0.9545
0.9545
0.9545
0.9653
0.9545
0.6709
1.3926
1.3926
1.3926
1.4192
1.3926
1.3230
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
1.1282
1.1137
1.0825
1.0043
1.0043
1.0043
1.0088
1.0043
0.9753

cy [-]
0.5991
0.5918
0.5991
0.6159
0.4933
0.4933
0.4981
0.4885
0.4981
0.5141
0.6387
0.6387
0.6413
0.6344
0.6413
0.5037
0.6697
0.6697
0.6697
0.6632
0.6697
0.8640
0.4588
0.4588
0.4588
0.4494
0.4588
0.4853
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.5729
0.5803
0.5966
0.6401
0.6401
0.6401
0.6375
0.6401
0.6572

fz [-]
1.0779
1.0916
1.0779
1.0470
1.3030
1.3030
1.2913
1.3148
1.2913
1.2535
1.0068
1.0068
1.0023
1.0142
1.0023
1.2777
0.9545
0.9545
0.9545
0.9653
0.9545
0.6709
1.3926
1.3926
1.3926
1.4192
1.3926
1.3230
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
1.1282
1.1137
1.0825
1.0043
1.0043
1.0043
1.0088
1.0043
0.9753

cz [-]
0.5991
0.5918
0.5991
0.6159
0.4933
0.4933
0.4981
0.4885
0.4981
0.5141
0.6387
0.6387
0.6413
0.6344
0.6413
0.5037
0.6697
0.6697
0.6697
0.6632
0.6697
0.8640
0.4588
0.4588
0.4588
0.4494
0.4588
0.4853
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.5729
0.5803
0.5966
0.6401
0.6401
0.6401
0.6375
0.6401
0.6572

cLT [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

moment coefficients

cmy [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

cmz [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 3

kyy,1
1.0563
1.0343
1.0374
1.0471
1.0888
1.0661
1.0846
1.0512
1.0462
1.0525
1.1076
1.0867
1.0954
1.1178
1.0424
1.0667
1.0668
1.0771
1.0807
1.0842
1.1001
1.0152
1.0863
1.0677
1.0655
1.0456
1.0461
1.0450
1.0538
1.0483
1.0466
1.0304
1.0438
1.0326
1.0298
1.0299
1.0299
1.0242
1.0304
1.0226

kyy,2
1.0624
1.0376
1.0415
1.0539
1.0820
1.0610
1.0788
1.0468
1.0430
1.0502
1.1285
1.1035
1.1145
1.1395
1.0509
1.0627
1.0847
1.0978
1.1024
1.1055
1.1271
1.0330
1.0751
1.0589
1.0570
1.0390
1.0401
1.0409
1.0578
1.0518
1.0500
1.0322
1.0470
1.0360
1.0357
1.0358
1.0358
1.0288
1.0364
1.0280

kyy
1.0563
1.0343
1.0374
1.0471
1.0820
1.0610
1.0788
1.0468
1.0430
1.0502
1.1076
1.0867
1.0954
1.1178
1.0424
1.0627
1.0668
1.0771
1.0807
1.0842
1.1001
1.0152
1.0751
1.0589
1.0570
1.0390
1.0401
1.0409
1.0538
1.0483
1.0466
1.0304
1.0438
1.0326
1.0298
1.0299
1.0299
1.0242
1.0304
1.0226

kzz,1
1.0563
1.0343
1.0374
1.0471
1.0888
1.0661
1.0846
1.0512
1.0462
1.0525
1.1076
1.0867
1.0954
1.1178
1.0424
1.0667
1.0668
1.0771
1.0807
1.0842
1.1001
1.0152
1.0863
1.0677
1.0655
1.0456
1.0461
1.0450
1.0538
1.0483
1.0466
1.0304
1.0438
1.0326
1.0298
1.0299
1.0299
1.0242
1.0304
1.0226

kzz,2
1.0624
1.0376
1.0415
1.0539
1.0820
1.0610
1.0788
1.0468
1.0430
1.0502
1.1285
1.1035
1.1145
1.1395
1.0509
1.0627
1.0847
1.0978
1.1024
1.1055
1.1271
1.0330
1.0751
1.0589
1.0570
1.0390
1.0401
1.0409
1.0578
1.0518
1.0500
1.0322
1.0470
1.0360
1.0357
1.0358
1.0358
1.0288
1.0364
1.0280

kzz
1.0563
1.0343
1.0374
1.0471
1.0820
1.0610
1.0788
1.0468
1.0430
1.0502
1.1076
1.0867
1.0954
1.1178
1.0424
1.0627
1.0668
1.0771
1.0807
1.0842
1.1001
1.0152
1.0751
1.0589
1.0570
1.0390
1.0401
1.0409
1.0538
1.0483
1.0466
1.0304
1.0438
1.0326
1.0298
1.0299
1.0299
1.0242
1.0304
1.0226

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 1 and 2

kyy,1
1.0730
1.0447
1.0486
1.0606
1.1207
1.0898
1.1148
1.0696
1.0626
1.0708
1.1365
1.1100
1.1208
1.1498
1.0537
1.0902
1.0830
1.0959
1.1004
1.1052
1.1245
1.0144
1.1188
1.0932
1.0902
1.0629
1.0635
1.0613
1.0705
1.0632
1.0610
1.0400
1.0574
1.0423
1.0378
1.0379
1.0379
1.0307
1.0386
1.0283

kyy,2
1.0833
1.0501
1.0554
1.0719
1.1093
1.0813
1.1050
1.0625
1.0573
1.0670
1.1714
1.1380
1.1526
1.1860
1.0678
1.0835
1.1130
1.1305
1.1366
1.1406
1.1694
1.0439
1.1002
1.0786
1.0760
1.0520
1.0535
1.0546
1.0770
1.0691
1.0667
1.0430
1.0627
1.0480
1.0476
1.0478
1.0478
1.0384
1.0486
1.0373

kyy
1.0730
1.0447
1.0486
1.0606
1.1093
1.0813
1.1050
1.0625
1.0573
1.0670
1.1365
1.1100
1.1208
1.1498
1.0537
1.0835
1.0830
1.0959
1.1004
1.1052
1.1245
1.0144
1.1002
1.0786
1.0760
1.0520
1.0535
1.0546
1.0705
1.0632
1.0610
1.0400
1.0574
1.0423
1.0378
1.0379
1.0379
1.0307
1.0386
1.0283

kzz,1
1.0730
1.0447
1.0486
1.0606
1.1207
1.0898
1.1148
1.0696
1.0626
1.0708
1.1365
1.1100
1.1208
1.1498
1.0537
1.0902
1.0830
1.0959
1.1004
1.1052
1.1245
1.0144
1.1188
1.0932
1.0902
1.0629
1.0635
1.0613
1.0705
1.0632
1.0610
1.0400
1.0574
1.0423
1.0378
1.0379
1.0379
1.0307
1.0386
1.0283

kzz,2
1.0833
1.0501
1.0554
1.0719
1.1093
1.0813
1.1050
1.0625
1.0573
1.0670
1.1714
1.1380
1.1526
1.1860
1.0678
1.0835
1.1130
1.1305
1.1366
1.1406
1.1694
1.0439
1.1002
1.0786
1.0760
1.0520
1.0535
1.0546
1.0770
1.0691
1.0667
1.0430
1.0627
1.0480
1.0476
1.0478
1.0478
1.0384
1.0486
1.0373

kzz
1.0730
1.0447
1.0486
1.0606
1.1093
1.0813
1.1050
1.0625
1.0573
1.0670
1.1365
1.1100
1.1208
1.1498
1.0537
1.0835
1.0830
1.0959
1.1004
1.1052
1.1245
1.0144
1.1002
1.0786
1.0760
1.0520
1.0535
1.0546
1.0705
1.0632
1.0610
1.0400
1.0574
1.0423
1.0378
1.0379
1.0379
1.0307
1.0386
1.0283

interaction factors

kyy [-]
1.056
1.045
1.037
1.061
1.109
1.081
1.105
1.062
1.057
1.067
1.137
1.110
1.095
1.150
1.042
1.084
1.067
1.077
1.081
1.105
1.100
1.014
1.100
1.079
1.076
1.052
1.054
1.055
1.054
1.048
1.047
1.040
1.044
1.042
1.030
1.030
1.030
1.031
1.030
1.028

kzz [-]
1.056
1.045
1.037
1.061
1.109
1.081
1.105
1.062
1.057
1.067
1.137
1.110
1.095
1.150
1.042
1.084
1.067
1.077
1.081
1.105
1.100
1.014
1.100
1.079
1.076
1.052
1.054
1.055
1.054
1.048
1.047
1.040
1.044
1.042
1.030
1.030
1.030
1.031
1.030
1.028

kyz [-]
1.056
0.627
1.037
0.636
0.666
0.649
0.663
0.637
0.634
0.640
0.682
0.666
1.095
0.690
1.042
0.650
1.067
1.077
1.081
0.663
1.100
0.609
0.660
0.647
0.646
0.631
0.632
0.633
1.054
1.048
1.047
0.624
1.044
0.625
1.030
1.030
1.030
0.618
1.030
0.617

max./ min. inner forces and moments

kzy [-]
0.845
0.627
0.830
0.636
0.666
0.649
0.663
0.637
0.634
0.640
0.682
0.666
0.876
0.690
0.834
0.650
0.853
0.862
0.865
0.663
0.880
0.609
0.660
0.647
0.646
0.631
0.632
0.633
0.843
0.839
0.837
0.624
0.835
0.625
0.824
0.824
0.824
0.618
0.824
0.617

in buckling analysis considered forces


and moments

max Mlok [kNm] NEd [kN]


My,Ed [kNm] Mz,Ed [kNm]
max N [kN] min N [kN]max Mglob [kNm]
176.0
-499.0
738.1
0.0
499
738
0
129.0
-488.0
1326.7
0.0
488
1327
0
141.0
-332.0
660.8
0.0
332
661
0
99.0
-551.0
1172.4
0.0
551
1172
0
478.0
-887.0
1104.9
0.0
887
1105
0
284.0
-660.0
1104.4
0.0
660
1104
0
293.0
-651.0
1065.4
0.0
651
1065
0
215.0
-622.0
1909.2
0.0
622
1909
0
226.0
-355.0
955.4
0.0
355
955
0
157.0
-702.0
1742.9
0.0
702
1743
0
1393.0
-1362.0
657.2
0.0
1362
657
0
496.0
-1097.0
650.0
0.0
1097
650
0
533.0
-979.0
637.0
0.0
979
637
0
1061.0
-1941.0
1144.4
0.0
1941
1144
0
343.0
-435.0
583.7
0.0
435
584
0
1118.0
-858.0
1762.9
0.0
858
1763
0
493.0
-757.0
522.9
0.0
757
523
0
322.0
-874.0
532.2
0.0
874
532
0
394.0
-915.0
532.2
0.0
915
532
0
847.0
-1534.0
1006.4
0.0
1534
1006
0
537.0
-1135.0
518.2
0.0
1135
518
0
839.0
-774.0
350.0
0.0
774
350
0
361.0
-756.0
1198.1
0.0
756
1198
0
213.0
-593.0
1168.9
0.0
593
1169
0
215.0
-574.0
1168.9
0.0
574
1169
0
156.0
-567.0
2163.3
0.0
567
2163
0
66.0
-404.0
1125.7
0.0
404
1126
0
263.0
-540.0
1932.0
0.0
540
1932
0
113.0
-447.0
730.0
0.0
447
730
0
72.0
-401.0
728.3
0.0
401
728
0
67.0
-387.0
728.3
0.0
387
728
0
46.0
-405.0
1322.2
0.0
405
1322
0
71.0
-364.0
712.8
0.0
364
713
0
161.0
-471.0
1285.4
0.0
471
1285
0
2.0
-305.0
585.8
0.0
305
586
0
2.0
-306.0
606.1
0.0
306
606
0
2.0
-306.0
602.7
0.0
306
603
0
1.0
-305.0
997.1
0.0
305
997
0
-1.0
-311.0
579.3
0.0
311
579
0
1.0
-305.0
976.0
0.0
305
976
0

capacity of cross-section

NRk [kN]
My,Rk [kNm] Mz,Rk [kNm]
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
13160
2472
2472
13160
2472
2472
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039
13160
2472
2472
13160
2472
2472
13160
2472
2472
19406
3586
3586
13160
2472
2472
16311
3039
3039
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886

buckling analysis - part 1

NEd/(cy*NRk/gM1kyy*My,Ed/(cLT*M
kyz*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
0.104
0.063
0.069
0.090
0.137
0.102
0.131
0.078
0.072
0.084
0.214
0.173
0.191
0.232
0.085
0.104
0.141
0.163
0.171
0.176
0.212
0.055
0.125
0.098
0.095
0.065
0.067
0.068
0.096
0.086
0.083
0.054
0.078
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.048
0.061
0.047

0.664
0.561
0.584
0.659
0.496
0.483
0.624
0.667
0.536
0.612
0.396
0.383
0.595
0.532
0.519
0.629
0.475
0.489
0.490
0.450
0.486
0.117
0.533
0.510
0.509
0.635
0.480
0.670
0.656
0.651
0.650
0.556
0.634
0.542
0.514
0.532
0.529
0.545
0.509
0.532

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

utilisation grade buckling


analysis

buckling analysis - part 2

0.769
0.623
0.654
0.749
0.632
0.585
0.756
0.746
0.607
0.696
0.610
0.555
0.785
0.765
0.603
0.733
0.617
0.652
0.661
0.626
0.698
0.172
0.658
0.608
0.604
0.700
0.547
0.739
0.752
0.737
0.733
0.610
0.713
0.602
0.574
0.592
0.589
0.593
0.569
0.579

NEd/(cz*NRk/g*M
*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
M1 y,Ed/(cLT*My,Rk
0.104
0.063
0.069
0.090
0.137
0.102
0.131
0.078
0.072
0.084
0.214
0.173
0.191
0.232
0.085
0.104
0.141
0.163
0.171
0.176
0.212
0.055
0.125
0.098
0.095
0.065
0.067
0.068
0.096
0.086
0.083
0.054
0.078
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.048
0.061
0.047

0.532
0.336
0.467
0.396
0.297
0.290
0.375
0.400
0.321
0.367
0.238
0.230
0.476
0.319
0.415
0.377
0.380
0.391
0.392
0.270
0.389
0.070
0.320
0.306
0.305
0.381
0.288
0.402
0.525
0.521
0.520
0.334
0.507
0.325
0.411
0.426
0.423
0.327
0.407
0.319

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.636
0.399
0.537
0.486
0.434
0.391
0.506
0.479
0.393
0.451
0.452
0.402
0.666
0.552
0.500
0.482
0.522
0.554
0.563
0.446
0.600
0.125
0.445
0.404
0.400
0.446
0.355
0.470
0.621
0.607
0.603
0.387
0.586
0.385
0.471
0.485
0.483
0.375
0.468
0.366

0.769
0.623
0.654
0.749
0.632
0.585
0.756
0.746
0.607
0.696
0.610
0.555
0.785
0.765
0.603
0.733
0.617
0.652
0.661
0.626
0.698
0.172
0.658
0.608
0.604
0.700
0.547
0.739
0.752
0.737
0.733
0.610
0.713
0.602
0.574
0.592
0.589
0.593
0.569
0.579

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

Md = (max
Nd =
2
maxmin N;
My +
2 0,5
max N
minMz )
[kN]
499
488
332
551
887
660
651
622
355
702
1393
1097
979
1941
435
1118
757
874
915
1534
1135
839
756
593
574
567
404
540
447
401
387
405
364
471
305
306
306
305
311
305

[kNm]
738
1327
661
1172
1105
1104
1065
1909
955
1743
657
650
637
1144
584
1763
523
532
532
1006
518
350
1198
1169
1169
2163
1126
1932
730
728
728
1322
713
1285
586
606
603
997
579
976

Nd/A

Md/Wel

[kN/cm ]
2.21
1.32
1.47
1.97
2.39
1.78
2.32
1.35
1.27
1.53
4.97
3.91
4.34
5.24
1.93
2.43
3.36
3.88
4.06
4.14
5.03
1.83
2.04
1.60
1.55
1.04
1.09
1.18
1.98
1.78
1.72
1.09
1.61
1.27
1.35
1.36
1.36
1.09
1.38
1.09

[kN/cm ]
22.33
25.06
19.99
28.80
20.87
20.86
26.17
29.57
23.47
27.00
16.14
15.97
19.27
21.61
17.66
27.31
15.82
16.10
16.10
19.01
15.68
5.42
22.63
22.08
22.08
28.63
21.26
29.93
22.09
22.03
22.03
24.97
21.57
24.28
17.72
18.34
18.23
24.49
17.53
23.97

sd

sd/(fyk/gM0)

[kN/cm ]
24.54
26.37
21.47
30.77
23.26
22.64
28.49
30.93
24.74
28.53
21.11
19.88
23.61
26.85
19.59
29.74
19.18
19.98
20.16
23.15
20.71
7.25
24.67
23.68
23.62
29.67
22.35
31.10
24.07
23.81
23.75
26.07
23.18
25.55
19.07
19.69
19.59
25.58
18.91
25.06

[-]
0.691
0.743
0.605
0.867
0.655
0.638
0.803
0.871
0.697
0.804
0.595
0.560
0.665
0.756
0.552
0.838
0.540
0.563
0.568
0.652
0.583
0.204
0.695
0.667
0.665
0.836
0.630
0.876
0.678
0.671
0.669
0.734
0.653
0.720
0.537
0.555
0.552
0.721
0.533
0.706

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

INDEX
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

Axis Row N min

N max Mglob

[-]

[KN]

[-]
14
14
14
14
14
14
15
15
15
15
15
15
16
16
16
16
16
16
17
17
17
17
17
17
18
18
18
18
18
18
19
19
19
19
19
19
20
20
20
20
20
20

[KN]
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6

-361
-350
-330
-337
-306
-346
-431
-398
-369
-375
-312
-457
-511
-454
-425
-418
-324
-476
-546
-484
-455
-436
-332
-494
-566
-528
-535
-466
-309
-510
-552
-519
-478
-448
-324
-462
-515
-482
-443
-428
-318
-444

57
58
42
27
30
20
127
119
98
61
61
80
221
189
175
110
90
75
263
225
214
131
105
87
276
272
282
159
78
105
256
263
219
134
93
92
216
219
179
111
82
85

Mlok

member
length

[KNm] [KNm] L [m]


48.01 463.11
12.936
48.01 478.48
12.936
48.01 478.48
12.936
69.007 883.62
12.936
329 187.26
12.936
54.009 849.89
12.456
169 825.16
17.556
128 847.05
17.556
127 847.05
17.556
208 1615.4
17.556
645 304.6
17.556
242 1835.1
17.382
122 793.12
17.052
122 799.88
17.052
121 799.88
17.052
196 1524.2
17.052
609 288.21
17.052
193 1710.6
16.878
34.015 345.14
11.214
33.015 345.98
11.214
33.015 345.98
11.214
44.011 660.34
11.214
238 125.61
11.214
43.012 692.77
11.106
76.007 293.95
11.178
71.007 296.08
11.178
98.372 86.533
11.178
46.011 283.87
11.178
236 124.2
11.178
96.421 453.67
11.07
34.015 345.14
11.214
33.015 345.98
11.214
33.015 345.98
11.214
44.011 660.34
11.214
238 125.61
11.214
43.012 692.77
11.106
122 793.12
17.052
122 799.88
17.052
121 799.88
17.052
197 1524.2
17.052
609 288.21
17.052
192 1710.6
16.878

buckling length factors


by [-]
bz [-]
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

cross-sectionno.
("manually
chosen;
redesign) diameter
[-]

D [mm]
5012
5012
5012
6015
5012
6012
6020
6015
6015
6025
6015
6030
6015
6015
6015
6025
6015
6025
4512
4512
4512
6012
4510
6012
4512
4512
4510
4510
4510
4515
4512
4512
4512
6012
4510
6012
6015
6015
6015
6025
6015
6025

508
508
508
610
508
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
610
457.2
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
610
457.2
610
610
610
610
610
610
610

thickness

area

T [mm]

A [cm2]
12
12
12
15
12
12
20
15
15
25
15
30
15
15
15
25
15
25
12
12
12
12
10
12
12
12
10
10
10
15
12
12
12
12
10
12
15
15
15
25
15
25

moment of
inertia
187
187
187
280
187
225
371
280
280
459
280
547
280
280
280
459
280
459
168
168
168
225
140
225
168
168
140
140
140
208
168
168
168
225
140
225
280
280
280
459
280
459

Iy=Iz [cm4]
57536
57536
57536
124159
57536
100814
161490
124159
124159
196906
124159
230476
124159
124159
124159
196906
124159
196906
41612
41612
41612
100814
35138
100814
41612
41612
35138
35138
35138
50993
41612
41612
41612
100814
35138
100814
124159
124159
124159
196906
124159
196906

E-modulus

strength
fyk [N/mm2]
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

E [N/mm2]
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000

buckling
curve

imperfection
factor
a [-]

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49

classification of cross-section
D/T [-]
42.3
42.3
42.3
40.7
42.3
50.8
30.5
40.7
40.7
24.4
40.7
20.3
40.7
40.7
40.7
24.4
40.7
24.4
38.1
38.1
38.1
50.8
45.7
50.8
38.1
38.1
45.7
45.7
45.7
30.5
38.1
38.1
38.1
50.8
45.7
50.8
40.7
40.7
40.7
24.4
40.7
24.4

elastic or plastic
design
resistances

section-class
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.

plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic

in buckling
analysis
considered
section
modulus
W [cm3]
2953
2953
2953
5312
2953
3305
6965
5312
5312
8561
5312
10101
5312
5312
5312
8561
5312
8561
2379
2379
2379
3305
2000
3305
2379
2379
2000
2000
2000
2934
2379
2379
2379
3305
2000
3305
5312
5312
5312
8561
5312
8561

elastic
section
modulus
Wel [cm3]
2265
2265
2265
4071
2265
3305
5295
4071
4071
6456
4071
7557
4071
4071
4071
6456
4071
6456
1820
1820
1820
3305
1537
3305
1820
1820
1537
1537
1537
2231
1820
1820
1820
3305
1537
3305
4071
4071
4071
6456
4071
6456

buckling length

Lcr,y [m]
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.46
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.38
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
16.88
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.11
11.18
11.18
11.18
11.18
11.18
11.07
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.11
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
16.88

Lcr,z[m]
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.46
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.38
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
16.88
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.11
11.18
11.18
11.18
11.18
11.18
11.07
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.11
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
16.88

elastic flexural buckling


force
Ncr,y [kN]
7126
7126
7126
15378
7126
13467
10860
8349
8349
13241
8349
15810
8850
8850
8850
14036
8850
14326
6858
6858
6858
16616
5791
16940
6903
6903
5829
5829
5829
8624
6858
6858
6858
16616
5791
16940
8850
8850
8850
14036
8850
14326

Ncr,z [kN]
7126
7126
7126
15378
7126
13467
10860
8349
8349
13241
8349
15810
8850
8850
8850
14036
8850
14326
6858
6858
6858
16616
5791
16940
6903
6903
5829
5829
5829
8624
6858
6858
6858
16616
5791
16940
8850
8850
8850
14036
8850
14326

slenderness for flexural


buckling
ly [-]
0.965
0.965
0.965
0.805
0.965
0.771
1.101
1.092
1.092
1.110
1.092
1.108
1.061
1.061
1.061
1.078
1.061
1.067
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.694
0.928
0.687
0.929
0.929
0.925
0.925
0.925
0.926
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.694
0.928
0.687
1.061
1.061
1.061
1.078
1.061
1.067

lz [-]
0.965
0.965
0.965
0.805
0.965
0.771
1.101
1.092
1.092
1.110
1.092
1.108
1.061
1.061
1.061
1.078
1.061
1.067
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.694
0.928
0.687
0.929
0.929
0.925
0.925
0.925
0.926
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.694
0.928
0.687
1.061
1.061
1.061
1.078
1.061
1.067

red. factor
torsional
buckl.

reduction factor for flexural buckling

fy [-]
1.1532
1.1532
1.1532
0.9717
1.1532
0.9370
1.3266
1.3146
1.3146
1.3388
1.3146
1.3361
1.2732
1.2732
1.2732
1.2962
1.2732
1.2817
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
0.8619
1.1090
0.8556
1.1102
1.1102
1.1055
1.1055
1.1055
1.1068
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
0.8619
1.1090
0.8556
1.2732
1.2732
1.2732
1.2962
1.2732
1.2817

cy [-]
0.5604
0.5604
0.5604
0.6593
0.5604
0.6804
0.4838
0.4886
0.4886
0.4790
0.4886
0.4801
0.5056
0.5056
0.5056
0.4961
0.5056
0.5021
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.7284
0.5827
0.7325
0.5821
0.5821
0.5845
0.5845
0.5845
0.5839
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.7284
0.5827
0.7325
0.5056
0.5056
0.5056
0.4961
0.5056
0.5021

fz [-]
1.1532
1.1532
1.1532
0.9717
1.1532
0.9370
1.3266
1.3146
1.3146
1.3388
1.3146
1.3361
1.2732
1.2732
1.2732
1.2962
1.2732
1.2817
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
0.8619
1.1090
0.8556
1.1102
1.1102
1.1055
1.1055
1.1055
1.1068
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
0.8619
1.1090
0.8556
1.2732
1.2732
1.2732
1.2962
1.2732
1.2817

cz [-]
0.5604
0.5604
0.5604
0.6593
0.5604
0.6804
0.4838
0.4886
0.4886
0.4790
0.4886
0.4801
0.5056
0.5056
0.5056
0.4961
0.5056
0.5021
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.7284
0.5827
0.7325
0.5821
0.5821
0.5845
0.5845
0.5845
0.5839
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.7284
0.5827
0.7325
0.5056
0.5056
0.5056
0.4961
0.5056
0.5021

cLT [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

moment coefficients

cmy [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

cmz [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 3

kyy,1
1.0562
1.0545
1.0514
1.0248
1.0476
1.0294
1.0447
1.0536
1.0497
1.0320
1.0420
1.0326
1.0646
1.0574
1.0537
1.0334
1.0410
1.0372
1.0883
1.0783
1.0736
1.0311
1.0636
1.0348
1.0910
1.0849
1.1019
1.0887
1.0588
1.0656
1.0893
1.0840
1.0773
1.0320
1.0621
1.0325
1.0651
1.0609
1.0560
1.0342
1.0402
1.0347

kyy,2
1.0582
1.0565
1.0532
1.0308
1.0494
1.0381
1.0406
1.0491
1.0455
1.0288
1.0385
1.0294
1.0609
1.0541
1.0507
1.0310
1.0386
1.0349
1.0948
1.0840
1.0790
1.0449
1.0685
1.0506
1.0979
1.0913
1.1101
1.0959
1.0636
1.0708
1.0958
1.0901
1.0830
1.0461
1.0669
1.0473
1.0614
1.0575
1.0528
1.0317
1.0379
1.0325

kyy
1.0562
1.0545
1.0514
1.0248
1.0476
1.0294
1.0406
1.0491
1.0455
1.0288
1.0385
1.0294
1.0609
1.0541
1.0507
1.0310
1.0386
1.0349
1.0883
1.0783
1.0736
1.0311
1.0636
1.0348
1.0910
1.0849
1.1019
1.0887
1.0588
1.0656
1.0893
1.0840
1.0773
1.0320
1.0621
1.0325
1.0614
1.0575
1.0528
1.0317
1.0379
1.0325

kzz,1
1.0562
1.0545
1.0514
1.0248
1.0476
1.0294
1.0447
1.0536
1.0497
1.0320
1.0420
1.0326
1.0646
1.0574
1.0537
1.0334
1.0410
1.0372
1.0883
1.0783
1.0736
1.0311
1.0636
1.0348
1.0910
1.0849
1.1019
1.0887
1.0588
1.0656
1.0893
1.0840
1.0773
1.0320
1.0621
1.0325
1.0651
1.0609
1.0560
1.0342
1.0402
1.0347

kzz,2
1.0582
1.0565
1.0532
1.0308
1.0494
1.0381
1.0406
1.0491
1.0455
1.0288
1.0385
1.0294
1.0609
1.0541
1.0507
1.0310
1.0386
1.0349
1.0948
1.0840
1.0790
1.0449
1.0685
1.0506
1.0979
1.0913
1.1101
1.0959
1.0636
1.0708
1.0958
1.0901
1.0830
1.0461
1.0669
1.0473
1.0614
1.0575
1.0528
1.0317
1.0379
1.0325

kzz
1.0562
1.0545
1.0514
1.0248
1.0476
1.0294
1.0406
1.0491
1.0455
1.0288
1.0385
1.0294
1.0609
1.0541
1.0507
1.0310
1.0386
1.0349
1.0883
1.0783
1.0736
1.0311
1.0636
1.0348
1.0910
1.0849
1.1019
1.0887
1.0588
1.0656
1.0893
1.0840
1.0773
1.0320
1.0621
1.0325
1.0614
1.0575
1.0528
1.0317
1.0379
1.0325

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 1 and 2

kyy,1
1.0743
1.0720
1.0679
1.0310
1.0629
1.0363
1.0610
1.0730
1.0677
1.0437
1.0572
1.0445
1.0874
1.0776
1.0727
1.0454
1.0554
1.0504
1.1156
1.1025
1.0963
1.0369
1.0832
1.0411
1.1190
1.1110
1.1331
1.1159
1.0768
1.0857
1.1169
1.1099
1.1012
1.0380
1.0812
1.0384
1.0881
1.0824
1.0757
1.0464
1.0544
1.0470

kyy,2
1.0776
1.0753
1.0710
1.0411
1.0658
1.0508
1.0542
1.0655
1.0607
1.0384
1.0513
1.0392
1.0812
1.0722
1.0676
1.0413
1.0515
1.0465
1.1263
1.1120
1.1053
1.0598
1.0914
1.0674
1.1306
1.1218
1.1468
1.1279
1.0848
1.0945
1.1277
1.1201
1.1106
1.0615
1.0892
1.0630
1.0819
1.0766
1.0704
1.0423
1.0505
1.0434

kyy
1.0743
1.0720
1.0679
1.0310
1.0629
1.0363
1.0542
1.0655
1.0607
1.0384
1.0513
1.0392
1.0812
1.0722
1.0676
1.0413
1.0515
1.0465
1.1156
1.1025
1.0963
1.0369
1.0832
1.0411
1.1190
1.1110
1.1331
1.1159
1.0768
1.0857
1.1169
1.1099
1.1012
1.0380
1.0812
1.0384
1.0819
1.0766
1.0704
1.0423
1.0505
1.0434

kzz,1
1.0743
1.0720
1.0679
1.0310
1.0629
1.0363
1.0610
1.0730
1.0677
1.0437
1.0572
1.0445
1.0874
1.0776
1.0727
1.0454
1.0554
1.0504
1.1156
1.1025
1.0963
1.0369
1.0832
1.0411
1.1190
1.1110
1.1331
1.1159
1.0768
1.0857
1.1169
1.1099
1.1012
1.0380
1.0812
1.0384
1.0881
1.0824
1.0757
1.0464
1.0544
1.0470

kzz,2
1.0776
1.0753
1.0710
1.0411
1.0658
1.0508
1.0542
1.0655
1.0607
1.0384
1.0513
1.0392
1.0812
1.0722
1.0676
1.0413
1.0515
1.0465
1.1263
1.1120
1.1053
1.0598
1.0914
1.0674
1.1306
1.1218
1.1468
1.1279
1.0848
1.0945
1.1277
1.1201
1.1106
1.0615
1.0892
1.0630
1.0819
1.0766
1.0704
1.0423
1.0505
1.0434

kzz
1.0743
1.0720
1.0679
1.0310
1.0629
1.0363
1.0542
1.0655
1.0607
1.0384
1.0513
1.0392
1.0812
1.0722
1.0676
1.0413
1.0515
1.0465
1.1156
1.1025
1.0963
1.0369
1.0832
1.0411
1.1190
1.1110
1.1331
1.1159
1.0768
1.0857
1.1169
1.1099
1.1012
1.0380
1.0812
1.0384
1.0819
1.0766
1.0704
1.0423
1.0505
1.0434

interaction factors

kyy [-]
1.074
1.072
1.068
1.031
1.063
1.029
1.054
1.065
1.061
1.038
1.051
1.039
1.081
1.072
1.068
1.041
1.051
1.046
1.116
1.102
1.096
1.031
1.083
1.035
1.119
1.111
1.133
1.116
1.077
1.086
1.117
1.110
1.101
1.032
1.081
1.033
1.082
1.077
1.070
1.042
1.051
1.043

kzz [-]
1.074
1.072
1.068
1.031
1.063
1.029
1.054
1.065
1.061
1.038
1.051
1.039
1.081
1.072
1.068
1.041
1.051
1.046
1.116
1.102
1.096
1.031
1.083
1.035
1.119
1.111
1.133
1.116
1.077
1.086
1.117
1.110
1.101
1.032
1.081
1.033
1.082
1.077
1.070
1.042
1.051
1.043

kyz [-]
0.645
0.643
0.641
0.619
0.638
1.029
0.632
0.639
0.636
0.623
0.631
0.624
0.649
0.643
0.641
0.625
0.631
0.628
0.669
0.661
0.658
1.031
0.650
1.035
0.671
0.667
0.680
0.670
0.646
0.651
0.670
0.666
0.661
1.032
0.649
1.033
0.649
0.646
0.642
0.625
0.630
0.626

max./ min. inner forces and moments

kzy [-]
0.645
0.643
0.641
0.619
0.638
0.824
0.632
0.639
0.636
0.623
0.631
0.624
0.649
0.643
0.641
0.625
0.631
0.628
0.669
0.661
0.658
0.825
0.650
0.828
0.671
0.667
0.680
0.670
0.646
0.651
0.670
0.666
0.661
0.826
0.649
0.826
0.649
0.646
0.642
0.625
0.630
0.626

in buckling analysis considered forces


and moments

max Mlok [kNm] NEd [kN]


My,Ed [kNm] Mz,Ed [kNm]
max N [kN] min N [kN]max Mglob [kNm]
57.0
-361.0
511.1
0.0
361
511
0
58.0
-350.0
526.5
0.0
350
526
0
42.0
-330.0
526.5
0.0
330
526
0
27.0
-337.0
952.6
0.0
337
953
0
30.0
-306.0
516.3
0.0
306
516
0
20.0
-346.0
903.9
0.0
346
904
0
127.0
-431.0
994.2
0.0
431
994
0
119.0
-398.0
975.1
0.0
398
975
0
98.0
-369.0
974.1
0.0
369
974
0
61.0
-375.0
1823.4
0.0
375
1823
0
61.0
-312.0
949.6
0.0
312
950
0
80.0
-457.0
2077.1
0.0
457
2077
0
221.0
-511.0
915.1
0.0
511
915
0
189.0
-454.0
921.9
0.0
454
922
0
175.0
-425.0
920.9
0.0
425
921
0
110.0
-418.0
1720.2
0.0
418
1720
0
90.0
-324.0
897.2
0.0
324
897
0
75.0
-476.0
1903.6
0.0
476
1904
0
263.0
-546.0
379.2
0.0
546
379
0
225.0
-484.0
379.0
0.0
484
379
0
214.0
-455.0
379.0
0.0
455
379
0
131.0
-436.0
704.3
0.0
436
704
0
105.0
-332.0
363.6
0.0
332
364
0
87.0
-494.0
735.8
0.0
494
736
0
276.0
-566.0
370.0
0.0
566
370
0
272.0
-528.0
367.1
0.0
528
367
0
282.0
-535.0
184.9
0.0
535
185
0
159.0
-466.0
329.9
0.0
466
330
0
78.0
-309.0
360.2
0.0
309
360
0
105.0
-510.0
550.1
0.0
510
550
0
256.0
-552.0
379.2
0.0
552
379
0
263.0
-519.0
379.0
0.0
519
379
0
219.0
-478.0
379.0
0.0
478
379
0
134.0
-448.0
704.3
0.0
448
704
0
93.0
-324.0
363.6
0.0
324
364
0
92.0
-462.0
735.8
0.0
462
736
0
216.0
-515.0
915.1
0.0
515
915
0
219.0
-482.0
921.9
0.0
482
922
0
179.0
-443.0
920.9
0.0
443
921
0
111.0
-428.0
1721.2
0.0
428
1721
0
82.0
-318.0
897.2
0.0
318
897
0
85.0
-444.0
1902.6
0.0
444
1903
0

capacity of cross-section

NRk [kN]
My,Rk [kNm] Mz,Rk [kNm]
6638
1048
1048
6638
1048
1048
6638
1048
1048
9954
1886
1886
6638
1048
1048
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
19406
3586
3586
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
5958
845
845
5958
845
845
5958
845
845
8003
1173
1173
4987
710
710
8003
1173
1173
5958
845
845
5958
845
845
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
7398
1042
1042
5958
845
845
5958
845
845
5958
845
845
8003
1173
1173
4987
710
710
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039

buckling analysis - part 1

NEd/(cy*NRk/gM1kyy*My,Ed/(cLT*M
kyz*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
0.097
0.094
0.089
0.051
0.082
0.064
0.068
0.082
0.076
0.048
0.064
0.049
0.102
0.090
0.084
0.052
0.064
0.058
0.158
0.140
0.132
0.075
0.114
0.084
0.163
0.152
0.184
0.160
0.106
0.118
0.160
0.150
0.138
0.077
0.111
0.079
0.102
0.096
0.088
0.053
0.063
0.054

0.524
0.538
0.536
0.521
0.524
0.793
0.424
0.551
0.548
0.623
0.529
0.602
0.525
0.524
0.521
0.589
0.500
0.655
0.501
0.495
0.492
0.619
0.555
0.649
0.490
0.483
0.295
0.518
0.546
0.573
0.501
0.498
0.494
0.619
0.554
0.647
0.525
0.526
0.523
0.590
0.500
0.653

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

utilisation grade buckling


analysis

buckling analysis - part 2

0.621
0.633
0.625
0.572
0.606
0.856
0.492
0.633
0.624
0.671
0.594
0.651
0.626
0.614
0.606
0.641
0.565
0.714
0.659
0.635
0.624
0.694
0.669
0.733
0.653
0.635
0.479
0.678
0.652
0.691
0.661
0.648
0.632
0.696
0.665
0.726
0.627
0.622
0.611
0.643
0.563
0.707

NEd/(cz*NRk/g*M
*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
M1 y,Ed/(cLT*My,Rk
0.097
0.094
0.089
0.051
0.082
0.064
0.068
0.082
0.076
0.048
0.064
0.049
0.102
0.090
0.084
0.052
0.064
0.058
0.158
0.140
0.132
0.075
0.114
0.084
0.163
0.152
0.184
0.160
0.106
0.118
0.160
0.150
0.138
0.077
0.111
0.079
0.102
0.096
0.088
0.053
0.063
0.054

0.314
0.323
0.322
0.313
0.314
0.634
0.254
0.331
0.329
0.374
0.318
0.361
0.315
0.315
0.313
0.354
0.300
0.393
0.301
0.297
0.295
0.495
0.333
0.519
0.294
0.290
0.177
0.311
0.328
0.344
0.301
0.299
0.297
0.496
0.332
0.518
0.315
0.316
0.314
0.354
0.300
0.392

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.411
0.417
0.411
0.364
0.396
0.698
0.322
0.412
0.405
0.422
0.382
0.410
0.416
0.405
0.397
0.405
0.365
0.451
0.458
0.437
0.427
0.570
0.447
0.603
0.457
0.442
0.361
0.471
0.434
0.462
0.461
0.449
0.435
0.572
0.444
0.597
0.417
0.412
0.402
0.407
0.363
0.446

0.621
0.633
0.625
0.572
0.606
0.856
0.492
0.633
0.624
0.671
0.594
0.651
0.626
0.614
0.606
0.641
0.565
0.714
0.659
0.635
0.624
0.694
0.669
0.733
0.653
0.635
0.479
0.678
0.652
0.691
0.661
0.648
0.632
0.696
0.665
0.726
0.627
0.622
0.611
0.643
0.563
0.707

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

Md = (max
Nd =
2
maxmin N;
My +
2 0,5
max N
minMz )
[kN]
361
350
330
337
306
346
431
398
369
375
312
457
511
454
425
418
324
476
546
484
455
436
332
494
566
528
535
466
309
510
552
519
478
448
324
462
515
482
443
428
318
444

[kNm]
511
526
526
953
516
904
994
975
974
1823
950
2077
915
922
921
1720
897
1904
379
379
379
704
364
736
370
367
185
330
360
550
379
379
379
704
364
736
915
922
921
1721
897
1903

Nd/A

Md/Wel

[kN/cm ]
1.93
1.87
1.76
1.20
1.64
1.53
1.16
1.42
1.32
0.82
1.11
0.84
1.82
1.62
1.52
0.91
1.16
1.04
3.25
2.88
2.71
1.93
2.36
2.19
3.37
3.15
3.81
3.32
2.20
2.45
3.29
3.09
2.85
1.99
2.31
2.05
1.84
1.72
1.58
0.93
1.13
0.97

[kN/cm ]
22.56
23.24
23.24
23.40
22.79
27.35
18.78
23.95
23.93
28.24
23.33
27.49
22.48
22.65
22.62
26.65
22.04
29.49
20.83
20.82
20.82
21.31
23.66
22.26
20.32
20.17
12.03
21.46
23.43
24.66
20.83
20.82
20.82
21.31
23.66
22.26
22.48
22.65
22.62
26.66
22.04
29.47

sd

sd/(fyk/gM0)

[kN/cm ]
24.49
25.11
25.01
24.60
24.43
28.88
19.94
25.37
25.24
29.06
24.44
28.32
24.30
24.27
24.14
27.56
23.20
30.52
24.08
23.70
23.53
23.24
26.02
24.45
23.70
23.31
15.84
24.78
25.63
27.11
24.12
23.91
23.67
23.30
25.96
24.31
24.32
24.37
24.20
27.59
23.17
30.44

[-]
0.690
0.707
0.704
0.693
0.688
0.814
0.562
0.715
0.711
0.819
0.688
0.798
0.685
0.684
0.680
0.776
0.653
0.860
0.678
0.668
0.663
0.655
0.733
0.689
0.667
0.657
0.446
0.698
0.722
0.764
0.679
0.674
0.667
0.656
0.731
0.685
0.685
0.686
0.682
0.777
0.653
0.857

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

INDEX

Axis Row N min


[-]

2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2201
2202
2203
2204
2205
2206
2301
2302
2303
2304
2305
2306
2401
2402
2403
2404
2405
2406
2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2601
2602
2603
2604
2605
2606
2701
2702
2703
2704
2705
2706

[-]
21
21
21
21
21
21
22
22
22
22
22
22
23
23
23
23
23
23
24
24
24
24
24
24
25
25
25
25
25
25
26
26
26
26
26
26
27
27
27
27
27
27

[KN]
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6

N max Mglob

[KN]
-434
124
-417
141
-382
103
-382
63
-307
58
-424
92
-365
55
-359
69
-336
44
-341
29
-305
26
-352
10
-305
2
-306
2
-306
2
-305
1
-312
-1
-306
-1
-447
120
-402
75
-387
69
-395
49
-361
65
-483
197
-757
378
-595
222
-575
223
-553
164
-387
76
-544
299
-1182
1208
-679
340
-856
450
-1285
811
-479
147
-819
822
-680
314
-906
519
-818
424
-1749
1128
-1265
597
-816
926

Mlok

member
length

[KNm] [KNm] L [m]


169 825.16
17.556
128 847.05
17.556
128 847.05
17.556
208 1615.4
17.556
645 304.6
17.556
242 1835.1
17.382
48.01 463.11
12.936
48.01 478.48
12.936
48.01 478.48
12.936
69.007 883.62
12.936
329 187.26
12.936
54.009 849.89
12.456
125.3 457.81
13.494
132.88 470.59
13.494
132.88 464.61
13.494
119.62 873.93
13.494
352.96 214.45
13.494
101.32 865.35
12.99
79.006 651.02
15.06
79.006 649.3
15.06
79.006 649.3
15.06
124 1198.2
15.06
462 250.84
15.06
114 1171.4
14.436
191 1007.1
18.324
188 980.88
18.324
188 980.88
18.324
273 1890.3
18.324
751.01 374.68
18.324
204 1727
17.37
60.008 481.13
12.714
58.009 472.68
12.714
58.009 472.68
12.714
71.007 910.16
12.714
330.01 228.88
12.714
183 1497.6
16.284
67.007 490.49
12.582
58.009 496.53
12.582
57.009 496.53
12.582
92.005 904.18
12.582
328.01 170.32
12.582
34.015 282.85
7.038

buckling length factors


by [-]
bz [-]
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

cross-sectionno.
("manually
chosen;
redesign) diameter
[-]

D [mm]
6020
6015
6015
6025
6015
6030
5012
5012
5012
6015
5012
6012
6012
6012
6012
6015
6012
6015
6012
6012
6012
6020
6012
6020
6020
6020
6020
6030
6020
6025
6012
6012
6012
6015
6012
6025
6015
6012
6012
6020
6012
6025

610
610
610
610
610
610
508
508
508
610
508
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610

thickness

area

T [mm]

A [cm2]
20
15
15
25
15
30
12
12
12
15
12
12
12
12
12
15
12
15
12
12
12
20
12
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
12
12
12
15
12
25
15
12
12
20
12
25

moment of
inertia
371
280
280
459
280
547
187
187
187
280
187
225
225
225
225
280
225
280
225
225
225
371
225
371
371
371
371
547
371
459
225
225
225
280
225
459
280
225
225
371
225
459

Iy=Iz [cm4]
161490
124159
124159
196906
124159
230476
57536
57536
57536
124159
57536
100814
100814
100814
100814
124159
100814
124159
100814
100814
100814
161490
100814
161490
161490
161490
161490
230476
161490
196906
100814
100814
100814
124159
100814
196906
124159
100814
100814
161490
100814
196906

E-modulus

strength
fyk [N/mm2]
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

E [N/mm2]
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000

buckling
curve

imperfection
factor
a [-]

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49

classification of cross-section
D/T [-]
30.5
40.7
40.7
24.4
40.7
20.3
42.3
42.3
42.3
40.7
42.3
50.8
50.8
50.8
50.8
40.7
50.8
40.7
50.8
50.8
50.8
30.5
50.8
30.5
30.5
30.5
30.5
20.3
30.5
24.4
50.8
50.8
50.8
40.7
50.8
24.4
40.7
50.8
50.8
30.5
50.8
24.4

elastic or plastic
design
resistances

section-class
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.

plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic

in buckling
analysis
considered
section
modulus
W [cm3]
6965
5312
5312
8561
5312
10101
2953
2953
2953
5312
2953
3305
3305
3305
3305
5312
3305
5312
3305
3305
3305
6965
3305
6965
6965
6965
6965
10101
6965
8561
3305
3305
3305
5312
3305
8561
5312
3305
3305
6965
3305
8561

elastic
section
modulus
Wel [cm3]
5295
4071
4071
6456
4071
7557
2265
2265
2265
4071
2265
3305
3305
3305
3305
4071
3305
4071
3305
3305
3305
5295
3305
5295
5295
5295
5295
7557
5295
6456
3305
3305
3305
4071
3305
6456
4071
3305
3305
5295
3305
6456

buckling length

Lcr,y [m]
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.38
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.46
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
12.99
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
14.44
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
17.37
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
16.28
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
7.04

Lcr,z[m]
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.38
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.46
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
12.99
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
14.44
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
17.37
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
16.28
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
7.04

elastic flexural buckling


force
Ncr,y [kN]
10860
8349
8349
13241
8349
15810
7126
7126
7126
15378
7126
13467
11475
11475
11475
14132
11475
15250
9213
9213
9213
14758
9213
16061
9968
9968
9968
14227
9968
13526
12926
12926
12926
15920
12926
15391
16255
13199
13199
21143
13199
82391

Ncr,z [kN]
10860
8349
8349
13241
8349
15810
7126
7126
7126
15378
7126
13467
11475
11475
11475
14132
11475
15250
9213
9213
9213
14758
9213
16061
9968
9968
9968
14227
9968
13526
12926
12926
12926
15920
12926
15391
16255
13199
13199
21143
13199
82391

slenderness for flexural


buckling
ly [-]
1.101
1.092
1.092
1.110
1.092
1.108
0.965
0.965
0.965
0.805
0.965
0.771
0.835
0.835
0.835
0.839
0.835
0.808
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.944
0.932
0.905
1.149
1.149
1.149
1.168
1.149
1.098
0.787
0.787
0.787
0.791
0.787
1.029
0.783
0.779
0.779
0.789
0.779
0.445

lz [-]
1.101
1.092
1.092
1.110
1.092
1.108
0.965
0.965
0.965
0.805
0.965
0.771
0.835
0.835
0.835
0.839
0.835
0.808
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.944
0.932
0.905
1.149
1.149
1.149
1.168
1.149
1.098
0.787
0.787
0.787
0.791
0.787
1.029
0.783
0.779
0.779
0.789
0.779
0.445

red. factor
torsional
buckl.

reduction factor for flexural buckling

fy [-]
1.3266
1.3146
1.3146
1.3388
1.3146
1.3361
1.1532
1.1532
1.1532
0.9717
1.1532
0.9370
1.0043
1.0043
1.0043
1.0088
1.0043
0.9753
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
1.1282
1.1137
1.0825
1.3926
1.3926
1.3926
1.4192
1.3926
1.3230
0.9533
0.9533
0.9533
0.9574
0.9533
1.2331
0.9489
0.9450
0.9450
0.9555
0.9450
0.6590

cy [-]
0.4838
0.4886
0.4886
0.4790
0.4886
0.4801
0.5604
0.5604
0.5604
0.6593
0.5604
0.6804
0.6401
0.6401
0.6401
0.6375
0.6401
0.6572
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.5729
0.5803
0.5966
0.4588
0.4588
0.4588
0.4494
0.4588
0.4853
0.6704
0.6704
0.6704
0.6680
0.6704
0.5230
0.6731
0.6755
0.6755
0.6691
0.6755
0.8733

fz [-]
1.3266
1.3146
1.3146
1.3388
1.3146
1.3361
1.1532
1.1532
1.1532
0.9717
1.1532
0.9370
1.0043
1.0043
1.0043
1.0088
1.0043
0.9753
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
1.1282
1.1137
1.0825
1.3926
1.3926
1.3926
1.4192
1.3926
1.3230
0.9533
0.9533
0.9533
0.9574
0.9533
1.2331
0.9489
0.9450
0.9450
0.9555
0.9450
0.6590

cz [-]
0.4838
0.4886
0.4886
0.4790
0.4886
0.4801
0.5604
0.5604
0.5604
0.6593
0.5604
0.6804
0.6401
0.6401
0.6401
0.6375
0.6401
0.6572
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.5729
0.5803
0.5966
0.4588
0.4588
0.4588
0.4494
0.4588
0.4853
0.6704
0.6704
0.6704
0.6680
0.6704
0.5230
0.6731
0.6755
0.6755
0.6691
0.6755
0.8733

cLT [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

moment coefficients

cmy [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

cmz [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 3

kyy,1
1.0450
1.0562
1.0515
1.0326
1.0414
1.0303
1.0568
1.0559
1.0523
1.0251
1.0475
1.0299
1.0298
1.0299
1.0299
1.0242
1.0305
1.0227
1.0538
1.0484
1.0466
1.0297
1.0435
1.0334
1.0864
1.0679
1.0656
1.0444
1.0442
1.0453
1.1040
1.0597
1.0753
1.0917
1.0421
1.0593
1.0477
1.0783
1.0707
1.0940
1.1093
1.0153

kyy,2
1.0409
1.0514
1.0471
1.0293
1.0379
1.0273
1.0589
1.0579
1.0542
1.0312
1.0492
1.0388
1.0357
1.0358
1.0358
1.0288
1.0365
1.0281
1.0578
1.0519
1.0500
1.0314
1.0466
1.0369
1.0752
1.0591
1.0571
1.0380
1.0385
1.0412
1.1322
1.0759
1.0957
1.1160
1.0536
1.0576
1.0609
1.1005
1.0908
1.1192
1.1404
1.0344

kyy
1.0409
1.0514
1.0471
1.0293
1.0379
1.0273
1.0568
1.0559
1.0523
1.0251
1.0475
1.0299
1.0298
1.0299
1.0299
1.0242
1.0305
1.0227
1.0538
1.0484
1.0466
1.0297
1.0435
1.0334
1.0752
1.0591
1.0571
1.0380
1.0385
1.0412
1.1040
1.0597
1.0753
1.0917
1.0421
1.0576
1.0477
1.0783
1.0707
1.0940
1.1093
1.0153

kzz,1
1.0450
1.0562
1.0515
1.0326
1.0414
1.0303
1.0568
1.0559
1.0523
1.0251
1.0475
1.0299
1.0298
1.0299
1.0299
1.0242
1.0305
1.0227
1.0538
1.0484
1.0466
1.0297
1.0435
1.0334
1.0864
1.0679
1.0656
1.0444
1.0442
1.0453
1.1040
1.0597
1.0753
1.0917
1.0421
1.0593
1.0477
1.0783
1.0707
1.0940
1.1093
1.0153

kzz,2
1.0409
1.0514
1.0471
1.0293
1.0379
1.0273
1.0589
1.0579
1.0542
1.0312
1.0492
1.0388
1.0357
1.0358
1.0358
1.0288
1.0365
1.0281
1.0578
1.0519
1.0500
1.0314
1.0466
1.0369
1.0752
1.0591
1.0571
1.0380
1.0385
1.0412
1.1322
1.0759
1.0957
1.1160
1.0536
1.0576
1.0609
1.1005
1.0908
1.1192
1.1404
1.0344

kzz
1.0409
1.0514
1.0471
1.0293
1.0379
1.0273
1.0568
1.0559
1.0523
1.0251
1.0475
1.0299
1.0298
1.0299
1.0299
1.0242
1.0305
1.0227
1.0538
1.0484
1.0466
1.0297
1.0435
1.0334
1.0752
1.0591
1.0571
1.0380
1.0385
1.0412
1.1040
1.0597
1.0753
1.0917
1.0421
1.0576
1.0477
1.0783
1.0707
1.0940
1.1093
1.0153

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 1 and 2

kyy,1
1.0614
1.0765
1.0701
1.0445
1.0563
1.0413
1.0751
1.0738
1.0691
1.0314
1.0627
1.0369
1.0378
1.0379
1.0379
1.0307
1.0387
1.0284
1.0705
1.0634
1.0610
1.0390
1.0569
1.0434
1.1190
1.0935
1.0904
1.0614
1.0608
1.0617
1.1293
1.0743
1.0936
1.1142
1.0524
1.0796
1.0591
1.0970
1.0876
1.1170
1.1354
1.0140

kyy,2
1.0545
1.0686
1.0628
1.0391
1.0505
1.0364
1.0785
1.0772
1.0723
1.0416
1.0656
1.0517
1.0476
1.0478
1.0478
1.0384
1.0487
1.0374
1.0770
1.0693
1.0667
1.0419
1.0622
1.0492
1.1003
1.0788
1.0762
1.0507
1.0513
1.0550
1.1762
1.1012
1.1276
1.1546
1.0714
1.0768
1.0812
1.1341
1.1210
1.1589
1.1872
1.0458

kyy
1.0545
1.0686
1.0628
1.0391
1.0505
1.0364
1.0751
1.0738
1.0691
1.0314
1.0627
1.0369
1.0378
1.0379
1.0379
1.0307
1.0387
1.0284
1.0705
1.0634
1.0610
1.0390
1.0569
1.0434
1.1003
1.0788
1.0762
1.0507
1.0513
1.0550
1.1293
1.0743
1.0936
1.1142
1.0524
1.0768
1.0591
1.0970
1.0876
1.1170
1.1354
1.0140

kzz,1
1.0614
1.0765
1.0701
1.0445
1.0563
1.0413
1.0751
1.0738
1.0691
1.0314
1.0627
1.0369
1.0378
1.0379
1.0379
1.0307
1.0387
1.0284
1.0705
1.0634
1.0610
1.0390
1.0569
1.0434
1.1190
1.0935
1.0904
1.0614
1.0608
1.0617
1.1293
1.0743
1.0936
1.1142
1.0524
1.0796
1.0591
1.0970
1.0876
1.1170
1.1354
1.0140

kzz,2
1.0545
1.0686
1.0628
1.0391
1.0505
1.0364
1.0785
1.0772
1.0723
1.0416
1.0656
1.0517
1.0476
1.0478
1.0478
1.0384
1.0487
1.0374
1.0770
1.0693
1.0667
1.0419
1.0622
1.0492
1.1003
1.0788
1.0762
1.0507
1.0513
1.0550
1.1762
1.1012
1.1276
1.1546
1.0714
1.0768
1.0812
1.1341
1.1210
1.1589
1.1872
1.0458

kzz
1.0545
1.0686
1.0628
1.0391
1.0505
1.0364
1.0751
1.0738
1.0691
1.0314
1.0627
1.0369
1.0378
1.0379
1.0379
1.0307
1.0387
1.0284
1.0705
1.0634
1.0610
1.0390
1.0569
1.0434
1.1003
1.0788
1.0762
1.0507
1.0513
1.0550
1.1293
1.0743
1.0936
1.1142
1.0524
1.0768
1.0591
1.0970
1.0876
1.1170
1.1354
1.0140

interaction factors

kyy [-]
1.055
1.069
1.063
1.039
1.051
1.036
1.075
1.074
1.069
1.031
1.063
1.030
1.030
1.030
1.030
1.031
1.031
1.028
1.054
1.048
1.047
1.039
1.043
1.043
1.100
1.079
1.076
1.051
1.051
1.055
1.104
1.060
1.075
1.114
1.042
1.077
1.059
1.078
1.071
1.117
1.109
1.014

kzz [-]
1.055
1.069
1.063
1.039
1.051
1.036
1.075
1.074
1.069
1.031
1.063
1.030
1.030
1.030
1.030
1.031
1.031
1.028
1.054
1.048
1.047
1.039
1.043
1.043
1.100
1.079
1.076
1.051
1.051
1.055
1.104
1.060
1.075
1.114
1.042
1.077
1.059
1.078
1.071
1.117
1.109
1.014

kyz [-]
0.633
0.641
0.638
0.623
0.630
0.622
0.645
0.644
0.641
0.619
0.638
1.030
1.030
1.030
1.030
0.618
1.031
0.617
1.054
1.048
1.047
0.623
1.043
0.626
0.660
0.647
0.646
0.630
0.631
0.633
1.104
1.060
1.075
0.669
1.042
0.646
0.635
1.078
1.071
0.670
1.109
0.608

max./ min. inner forces and moments

kzy [-]
0.633
0.641
0.638
0.623
0.630
0.622
0.645
0.644
0.641
0.619
0.638
0.824
0.824
0.824
0.824
0.618
0.824
0.617
0.843
0.839
0.837
0.623
0.835
0.626
0.660
0.647
0.646
0.630
0.631
0.633
0.883
0.848
0.860
0.669
0.834
0.646
0.635
0.863
0.857
0.670
0.887
0.608

in buckling analysis considered forces


and moments

max Mlok [kNm] NEd [kN]


My,Ed [kNm] Mz,Ed [kNm]
max N [kN] min N [kN]max Mglob [kNm]
124.0
-434.0
994.2
0.0
434
994
0
141.0
-417.0
975.1
0.0
417
975
0
103.0
-382.0
975.1
0.0
382
975
0
63.0
-382.0
1823.4
0.0
382
1823
0
58.0
-307.0
949.6
0.0
307
950
0
92.0
-424.0
2077.1
0.0
424
2077
0
55.0
-365.0
511.1
0.0
365
511
0
69.0
-359.0
526.5
0.0
359
526
0
44.0
-336.0
526.5
0.0
336
526
0
29.0
-341.0
952.6
0.0
341
953
0
26.0
-305.0
516.3
0.0
305
516
0
10.0
-352.0
903.9
0.0
352
904
0
2.0
-305.0
583.1
0.0
305
583
0
2.0
-306.0
603.5
0.0
306
603
0
2.0
-306.0
597.5
0.0
306
597
0
1.0
-305.0
993.5
0.0
305
994
0
-1.0
-312.0
567.4
0.0
312
567
0
-1.0
-306.0
966.7
0.0
306
967
0
120.0
-447.0
730.0
0.0
447
730
0
75.0
-402.0
728.3
0.0
402
728
0
69.0
-387.0
728.3
0.0
387
728
0
49.0
-395.0
1322.2
0.0
395
1322
0
65.0
-361.0
712.8
0.0
361
713
0
197.0
-483.0
1285.4
0.0
483
1285
0
378.0
-757.0
1198.1
0.0
757
1198
0
222.0
-595.0
1168.9
0.0
595
1169
0
223.0
-575.0
1168.9
0.0
575
1169
0
164.0
-553.0
2163.3
0.0
553
2163
0
76.0
-387.0
1125.7
0.0
387
1126
0
299.0
-544.0
1931.0
0.0
544
1931
0
1208.0
-1182.0
541.1
0.0
1182
541
0
340.0
-679.0
530.7
0.0
679
531
0
450.0
-856.0
530.7
0.0
856
531
0
811.0
-1285.0
981.2
0.0
1285
981
0
147.0
-479.0
558.9
0.0
479
559
0
822.0
-819.0
1680.7
0.0
819
1681
0
314.0
-680.0
557.5
0.0
680
558
0
519.0
-906.0
554.5
0.0
906
555
0
424.0
-818.0
553.5
0.0
818
554
0
1128.0
-1749.0
996.2
0.0
1749
996
0
597.0
-1265.0
498.3
0.0
1265
498
0
926.0
-816.0
316.9
0.0
816
317
0

capacity of cross-section

NRk [kN]
My,Rk [kNm] Mz,Rk [kNm]
13160
2472
2472
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
19406
3586
3586
6638
1048
1048
6638
1048
1048
6638
1048
1048
9954
1886
1886
6638
1048
1048
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
13160
2472
2472
13160
2472
2472
13160
2472
2472
19406
3586
3586
13160
2472
2472
16311
3039
3039
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039

buckling analysis - part 1

NEd/(cy*NRk/gM1kyy*My,Ed/(cLT*M
kyz*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
0.068
0.086
0.079
0.049
0.063
0.046
0.098
0.097
0.090
0.052
0.082
0.065
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.048
0.061
0.047
0.096
0.087
0.083
0.052
0.078
0.062
0.125
0.099
0.095
0.063
0.064
0.069
0.220
0.127
0.160
0.193
0.089
0.096
0.101
0.168
0.151
0.199
0.234
0.057

0.424
0.553
0.550
0.623
0.529
0.600
0.524
0.539
0.537
0.521
0.523
0.793
0.512
0.530
0.524
0.543
0.498
0.527
0.656
0.651
0.650
0.556
0.634
0.542
0.533
0.510
0.509
0.634
0.479
0.670
0.509
0.479
0.486
0.580
0.496
0.595
0.313
0.510
0.505
0.450
0.471
0.106

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

utilisation grade buckling


analysis

buckling analysis - part 2

0.492
0.638
0.628
0.672
0.592
0.646
0.622
0.636
0.627
0.573
0.605
0.858
0.571
0.589
0.584
0.591
0.559
0.574
0.752
0.737
0.733
0.608
0.712
0.604
0.659
0.609
0.604
0.697
0.543
0.739
0.729
0.606
0.646
0.773
0.586
0.691
0.415
0.677
0.656
0.649
0.705
0.163

NEd/(cz*NRk/g*M
*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
M1 y,Ed/(cLT*My,Rk
0.068
0.086
0.079
0.049
0.063
0.046
0.098
0.097
0.090
0.052
0.082
0.065
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.048
0.061
0.047
0.096
0.087
0.083
0.052
0.078
0.062
0.125
0.099
0.095
0.063
0.064
0.069
0.220
0.127
0.160
0.193
0.089
0.096
0.101
0.168
0.151
0.199
0.234
0.057

0.254
0.332
0.330
0.374
0.317
0.360
0.315
0.324
0.322
0.313
0.314
0.635
0.409
0.424
0.420
0.326
0.399
0.316
0.525
0.521
0.520
0.333
0.507
0.325
0.320
0.306
0.305
0.380
0.287
0.402
0.407
0.383
0.389
0.348
0.397
0.357
0.188
0.408
0.404
0.270
0.377
0.063

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.323
0.417
0.408
0.423
0.381
0.406
0.413
0.420
0.413
0.365
0.396
0.699
0.469
0.483
0.479
0.374
0.460
0.363
0.621
0.607
0.603
0.386
0.585
0.387
0.445
0.405
0.400
0.444
0.351
0.471
0.628
0.510
0.549
0.541
0.486
0.453
0.289
0.575
0.555
0.469
0.611
0.121

0.492
0.638
0.628
0.672
0.592
0.646
0.622
0.636
0.627
0.573
0.605
0.858
0.571
0.589
0.584
0.591
0.559
0.574
0.752
0.737
0.733
0.608
0.712
0.604
0.659
0.609
0.604
0.697
0.543
0.739
0.729
0.606
0.646
0.773
0.586
0.691
0.415
0.677
0.656
0.649
0.705
0.163

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

Md = (max
Nd =
2
maxmin N;
My +
2 0,5
max N
minMz )
[kN]
434
417
382
382
307
424
365
359
336
341
305
352
305
306
306
305
312
306
447
402
387
395
361
483
757
595
575
553
387
544
1208
679
856
1285
479
822
680
906
818
1749
1265
926

[kNm]
994
975
975
1823
950
2077
511
526
526
953
516
904
583
603
597
994
567
967
730
728
728
1322
713
1285
1198
1169
1169
2163
1126
1931
541
531
531
981
559
1681
558
555
554
996
498
317

Nd/A

Md/Wel

[kN/cm ]
1.17
1.49
1.36
0.83
1.09
0.78
1.95
1.92
1.80
1.22
1.63
1.56
1.35
1.36
1.36
1.09
1.38
1.09
1.98
1.78
1.72
1.07
1.60
1.30
2.04
1.61
1.55
1.01
1.04
1.18
5.36
3.01
3.80
4.58
2.12
1.79
2.43
4.02
3.63
4.72
5.61
2.02

[kN/cm ]
18.78
23.95
23.95
28.24
23.33
27.49
22.56
23.24
23.24
23.40
22.79
27.35
17.64
18.26
18.08
24.41
17.17
23.75
22.09
22.03
22.03
24.97
21.57
24.28
22.63
22.08
22.08
28.63
21.26
29.91
16.37
16.06
16.06
24.10
16.91
26.03
13.70
16.78
16.75
18.81
15.08
4.91

sd

sd/(fyk/gM0)

[kN/cm ]
19.95
25.44
25.31
29.07
24.42
28.26
24.52
25.16
25.04
24.62
24.42
28.91
18.99
19.61
19.43
25.49
18.55
24.84
24.07
23.82
23.75
26.04
23.17
25.58
24.67
23.68
23.63
29.64
22.30
31.09
21.73
19.07
19.85
28.69
19.03
27.82
16.12
20.80
20.38
23.53
20.69
6.92

[-]
0.562
0.717
0.713
0.819
0.688
0.796
0.691
0.709
0.705
0.693
0.688
0.814
0.535
0.553
0.547
0.718
0.523
0.700
0.678
0.671
0.669
0.733
0.653
0.721
0.695
0.667
0.666
0.835
0.628
0.876
0.612
0.537
0.559
0.808
0.536
0.784
0.454
0.586
0.574
0.663
0.583
0.195

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

INDEX
2801
2802
2803
2804
2805
2806
2901
2902
2903
2904
2905
2906
3001
3002
3003
3004
3005
3006
3101
3102
3103
3104
3105
3106
3201
3202
3203
3204
3205
3206
3301
3302
3303
3304
3305
3306
3401
3402
3403
3404
3405
3406

Axis Row N min

N max Mglob

[-]

[KN]
478
277
288
215
201
175
286
175
173
129
129
111
169
106
106
73
76
53
2
2
2
2
1
1
136
59
106
36
58
62
214
97
179
46
106
147
431
360
430
68
283
232

[-]
28
28
28
28
28
28
29
29
29
29
29
29
30
30
30
30
30
30
31
31
31
31
31
31
32
32
32
32
32
32
33
33
33
33
33
33
34
34
34
34
34
34

[KN]
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6

-909
-740
-672
-641
-382
-747
-667
-571
-522
-506
-354
-581
-521
-459
-437
-422
-338
-440
-304
-305
-305
-304
-308
-304
-400
-360
-372
-366
-309
-370
-430
-428
-417
-398
-355
-444
-815
-629
-562
-457
-464
-523

Mlok

member
length

[KNm] [KNm] L [m]


171 933.89
17.274
168 937.35
17.274
129 937.35
17.274
205 1704.2
17.274
621 334.43
17.274
189 1554.9
16.536
76.007 648.61
14.562
75.007 664.1
14.562
75.007 664.1
14.562
116 1210.6
14.562
427 233.82
14.562
82.006 1090.4
14.052
100 708.3
15.474
100 724.44
15.474
99.005 724.44
15.474
130 1357.8
15.474
484 238.61
15.474
120 1245.3
14.85
127.24 466.51
13.074
133.15 469.92
13.074
133.15 466.51
13.074
113.15 876.67
13.074
326.2 182.86
13.074
95.084 803.04
12.576
109 782.79
16.23
109 783.66
16.23
109 783.66
16.23
178 1402
16.23
551 269.88
16.23
175 1459.4
16.116
110 777.11
16.35
111 793.58
16.35
110 793.58
16.35
146 1423.1
16.35
557 273.79
16.35
177 1478.9
16.23
13.038 170.82
7.686
13.038 176.01
7.686
13.038 176.01
7.686
19.026 314.36
7.686
111 59.908
7.686
23.022 302.37
7.362

buckling length factors


by [-]
bz [-]
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

cross-sectionno.
("manually
chosen;
redesign) diameter
[-]

D [mm]
6020
6020
6015
6025
6015
6025
6012
6012
6012
6020
6012
6015
6015
6015
6015
6020
6012
6020
6012
6012
6012
6012
6012
6015
6015
6015
6015
6025
6015
6025
6015
6015
6015
6020
6015
6025
4510
4510
4510
4515
4510
6015

610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
610

thickness

area

T [mm]

A [cm2]
20
20
15
25
15
25
12
12
12
20
12
15
15
15
15
20
12
20
12
12
12
12
12
15
15
15
15
25
15
25
15
15
15
20
15
25
10
10
10
15
10
15

moment of
inertia
371
371
280
459
280
459
225
225
225
371
225
280
280
280
280
371
225
371
225
225
225
225
225
280
280
280
280
459
280
459
280
280
280
371
280
459
140
140
140
208
140
280

Iy=Iz [cm4]
161490
161490
124159
196906
124159
196906
100814
100814
100814
161490
100814
124159
124159
124159
124159
161490
100814
161490
100814
100814
100814
100814
100814
124159
124159
124159
124159
196906
124159
196906
124159
124159
124159
161490
124159
196906
35138
35138
35138
50993
35138
124159

E-modulus

strength
fyk [N/mm2]
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

E [N/mm2]
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000

buckling
curve

imperfection
factor
a [-]

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49

classification of cross-section
D/T [-]
30.5
30.5
40.7
24.4
40.7
24.4
50.8
50.8
50.8
30.5
50.8
40.7
40.7
40.7
40.7
30.5
50.8
30.5
50.8
50.8
50.8
50.8
50.8
40.7
40.7
40.7
40.7
24.4
40.7
24.4
40.7
40.7
40.7
30.5
40.7
24.4
45.7
45.7
45.7
30.5
45.7
40.7

elastic or plastic
design
resistances

section-class
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.

plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic

in buckling
analysis
considered
section
modulus
W [cm3]
6965
6965
5312
8561
5312
8561
3305
3305
3305
6965
3305
5312
5312
5312
5312
6965
3305
6965
3305
3305
3305
3305
3305
5312
5312
5312
5312
8561
5312
8561
5312
5312
5312
6965
5312
8561
2000
2000
2000
2934
2000
5312

elastic
section
modulus
Wel [cm3]
5295
5295
4071
6456
4071
6456
3305
3305
3305
5295
3305
4071
4071
4071
4071
5295
3305
5295
3305
3305
3305
3305
3305
4071
4071
4071
4071
6456
4071
6456
4071
4071
4071
5295
4071
6456
1537
1537
1537
2231
1537
4071

buckling length

Lcr,y [m]
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
16.54
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.05
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
14.85
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
12.58
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.12
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.23
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.36

Lcr,z[m]
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
16.54
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.05
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
14.85
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
12.58
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.12
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.23
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.36

elastic flexural buckling


force
Ncr,y [kN]
11217
11217
8624
13677
8624
14925
9854
9854
9854
15784
9854
13032
10747
10747
10747
13978
8726
15178
12224
12224
12224
12224
12224
16271
9769
9769
9769
15493
9769
15713
9626
9626
9626
12521
9626
15493
12328
12328
12328
17891
12328
47479

Ncr,z [kN]
11217
11217
8624
13677
8624
14925
9854
9854
9854
15784
9854
13032
10747
10747
10747
13978
8726
15178
12224
12224
12224
12224
12224
16271
9769
9769
9769
15493
9769
15713
9626
9626
9626
12521
9626
15493
12328
12328
12328
17891
12328
47479

slenderness for flexural


buckling
ly [-]
1.083
1.083
1.074
1.092
1.074
1.045
0.901
0.901
0.901
0.913
0.901
0.874
0.962
0.962
0.962
0.970
0.958
0.931
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.782
1.009
1.009
1.009
1.026
1.009
1.019
1.017
1.017
1.017
1.025
1.017
1.026
0.636
0.636
0.636
0.643
0.636
0.458

lz [-]
1.083
1.083
1.074
1.092
1.074
1.045
0.901
0.901
0.901
0.913
0.901
0.874
0.962
0.962
0.962
0.970
0.958
0.931
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.782
1.009
1.009
1.009
1.026
1.009
1.019
1.017
1.017
1.017
1.025
1.017
1.026
0.636
0.636
0.636
0.643
0.636
0.458

red. factor
torsional
buckl.

reduction factor for flexural buckling

fy [-]
1.3030
1.3030
1.2913
1.3148
1.2913
1.2535
1.0779
1.0779
1.0779
1.0916
1.0779
1.0470
1.1499
1.1499
1.1499
1.1595
1.1442
1.1127
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9485
1.2077
1.2077
1.2077
1.2288
1.2077
1.2196
1.2171
1.2171
1.2171
1.2277
1.2171
1.2288
0.8091
0.8091
0.8091
0.8153
0.8091
0.6680

cy [-]
0.4933
0.4933
0.4981
0.4885
0.4981
0.5141
0.5991
0.5991
0.5991
0.5918
0.5991
0.6159
0.5621
0.5621
0.5621
0.5574
0.5649
0.5808
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6734
0.5345
0.5345
0.5345
0.5250
0.5345
0.5291
0.5302
0.5302
0.5302
0.5254
0.5302
0.5250
0.7638
0.7638
0.7638
0.7596
0.7638
0.8663

fz [-]
1.3030
1.3030
1.2913
1.3148
1.2913
1.2535
1.0779
1.0779
1.0779
1.0916
1.0779
1.0470
1.1499
1.1499
1.1499
1.1595
1.1442
1.1127
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9485
1.2077
1.2077
1.2077
1.2288
1.2077
1.2196
1.2171
1.2171
1.2171
1.2277
1.2171
1.2288
0.8091
0.8091
0.8091
0.8153
0.8091
0.6680

cz [-]
0.4933
0.4933
0.4981
0.4885
0.4981
0.5141
0.5991
0.5991
0.5991
0.5918
0.5991
0.6159
0.5621
0.5621
0.5621
0.5574
0.5649
0.5808
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6734
0.5345
0.5345
0.5345
0.5250
0.5345
0.5291
0.5302
0.5302
0.5302
0.5254
0.5302
0.5250
0.7638
0.7638
0.7638
0.7596
0.7638
0.8663

cLT [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

moment coefficients

cmy [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

cmz [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 3

kyy,1
1.0910
1.0741
1.0874
1.0527
1.0497
1.0559
1.0752
1.0644
1.0589
1.0356
1.0399
1.0497
1.0538
1.0474
1.0451
1.0335
1.0430
1.0322
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0213
1.0455
1.0410
1.0423
1.0263
1.0352
1.0262
1.0497
1.0495
1.0482
1.0354
1.0410
1.0319
1.0816
1.0630
1.0563
1.0314
1.0465
1.0167

kyy,2
1.0840
1.0684
1.0813
1.0483
1.0462
1.0535
1.0835
1.0715
1.0653
1.0390
1.0443
1.0569
1.0559
1.0492
1.0469
1.0345
1.0449
1.0345
1.0347
1.0348
1.0348
1.0347
1.0352
1.0272
1.0451
1.0406
1.0420
1.0256
1.0348
1.0257
1.0489
1.0487
1.0474
1.0345
1.0404
1.0311
1.1284
1.0991
1.0885
1.0488
1.0731
1.0364

kyy
1.0840
1.0684
1.0813
1.0483
1.0462
1.0535
1.0752
1.0644
1.0589
1.0356
1.0399
1.0497
1.0538
1.0474
1.0451
1.0335
1.0430
1.0322
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0213
1.0451
1.0406
1.0420
1.0256
1.0348
1.0257
1.0489
1.0487
1.0474
1.0345
1.0404
1.0311
1.0816
1.0630
1.0563
1.0314
1.0465
1.0167

kzz,1
1.0910
1.0741
1.0874
1.0527
1.0497
1.0559
1.0752
1.0644
1.0589
1.0356
1.0399
1.0497
1.0538
1.0474
1.0451
1.0335
1.0430
1.0322
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0213
1.0455
1.0410
1.0423
1.0263
1.0352
1.0262
1.0497
1.0495
1.0482
1.0354
1.0410
1.0319
1.0816
1.0630
1.0563
1.0314
1.0465
1.0167

kzz,2
1.0840
1.0684
1.0813
1.0483
1.0462
1.0535
1.0835
1.0715
1.0653
1.0390
1.0443
1.0569
1.0559
1.0492
1.0469
1.0345
1.0449
1.0345
1.0347
1.0348
1.0348
1.0347
1.0352
1.0272
1.0451
1.0406
1.0420
1.0256
1.0348
1.0257
1.0489
1.0487
1.0474
1.0345
1.0404
1.0311
1.1284
1.0991
1.0885
1.0488
1.0731
1.0364

kzz
1.0840
1.0684
1.0813
1.0483
1.0462
1.0535
1.0752
1.0644
1.0589
1.0356
1.0399
1.0497
1.0538
1.0474
1.0451
1.0335
1.0430
1.0322
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0213
1.0451
1.0406
1.0420
1.0256
1.0348
1.0257
1.0489
1.0487
1.0474
1.0345
1.0404
1.0311
1.0816
1.0630
1.0563
1.0314
1.0465
1.0167

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 1 and 2

kyy,1
1.1237
1.1007
1.1185
1.0718
1.0674
1.0753
1.0976
1.0835
1.0763
1.0463
1.0518
1.0639
1.0710
1.0625
1.0596
1.0443
1.0566
1.0421
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0264
1.0609
1.0548
1.0566
1.0353
1.0470
1.0351
1.0666
1.0662
1.0645
1.0475
1.0549
1.0428
1.0933
1.0720
1.0643
1.0360
1.0531
1.0156

kyy,2
1.1120
1.0912
1.1084
1.0644
1.0616
1.0713
1.1113
1.0953
1.0871
1.0520
1.0591
1.0758
1.0745
1.0656
1.0625
1.0460
1.0598
1.0461
1.0463
1.0464
1.0464
1.0463
1.0469
1.0363
1.0601
1.0541
1.0559
1.0342
1.0465
1.0343
1.0652
1.0649
1.0632
1.0460
1.0538
1.0415
1.1712
1.1321
1.1180
1.0651
1.0974
1.0485

kyy
1.1120
1.0912
1.1084
1.0644
1.0616
1.0713
1.0976
1.0835
1.0763
1.0463
1.0518
1.0639
1.0710
1.0625
1.0596
1.0443
1.0566
1.0421
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0264
1.0601
1.0541
1.0559
1.0342
1.0465
1.0343
1.0652
1.0649
1.0632
1.0460
1.0538
1.0415
1.0933
1.0720
1.0643
1.0360
1.0531
1.0156

kzz,1
1.1237
1.1007
1.1185
1.0718
1.0674
1.0753
1.0976
1.0835
1.0763
1.0463
1.0518
1.0639
1.0710
1.0625
1.0596
1.0443
1.0566
1.0421
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0264
1.0609
1.0548
1.0566
1.0353
1.0470
1.0351
1.0666
1.0662
1.0645
1.0475
1.0549
1.0428
1.0933
1.0720
1.0643
1.0360
1.0531
1.0156

kzz,2
1.1120
1.0912
1.1084
1.0644
1.0616
1.0713
1.1113
1.0953
1.0871
1.0520
1.0591
1.0758
1.0745
1.0656
1.0625
1.0460
1.0598
1.0461
1.0463
1.0464
1.0464
1.0463
1.0469
1.0363
1.0601
1.0541
1.0559
1.0342
1.0465
1.0343
1.0652
1.0649
1.0632
1.0460
1.0538
1.0415
1.1712
1.1321
1.1180
1.0651
1.0974
1.0485

kzz
1.1120
1.0912
1.1084
1.0644
1.0616
1.0713
1.0976
1.0835
1.0763
1.0463
1.0518
1.0639
1.0710
1.0625
1.0596
1.0443
1.0566
1.0421
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0264
1.0601
1.0541
1.0559
1.0342
1.0465
1.0343
1.0652
1.0649
1.0632
1.0460
1.0538
1.0415
1.0933
1.0720
1.0643
1.0360
1.0531
1.0156

interaction factors

kyy [-]
1.112
1.091
1.108
1.064
1.062
1.071
1.075
1.064
1.059
1.046
1.040
1.064
1.071
1.063
1.060
1.044
1.043
1.042
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.026
1.060
1.054
1.056
1.034
1.046
1.034
1.065
1.065
1.063
1.046
1.054
1.041
1.093
1.072
1.064
1.036
1.053
1.016

kzz [-]
1.112
1.091
1.108
1.064
1.062
1.071
1.075
1.064
1.059
1.046
1.040
1.064
1.071
1.063
1.060
1.044
1.043
1.042
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.026
1.060
1.054
1.056
1.034
1.046
1.034
1.065
1.065
1.063
1.046
1.054
1.041
1.093
1.072
1.064
1.036
1.053
1.016

kyz [-]
0.667
0.655
0.665
0.639
0.637
0.643
1.075
1.064
1.059
0.628
1.040
0.638
0.643
0.638
0.636
0.627
1.043
0.625
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
0.616
0.636
0.632
0.634
0.621
0.628
0.621
0.639
0.639
0.638
0.628
0.632
0.625
0.656
0.643
0.639
0.622
0.632
0.609

max./ min. inner forces and moments

kzy [-]
0.667
0.655
0.665
0.639
0.637
0.643
0.860
0.852
0.847
0.628
0.832
0.638
0.643
0.638
0.636
0.627
0.834
0.625
0.822
0.823
0.823
0.822
0.823
0.616
0.636
0.632
0.634
0.621
0.628
0.621
0.639
0.639
0.638
0.628
0.632
0.625
0.656
0.643
0.639
0.622
0.632
0.609

in buckling analysis considered forces


and moments

max Mlok [kNm] NEd [kN]


My,Ed [kNm] Mz,Ed [kNm]
max N [kN] min N [kN]max Mglob [kNm]
478.0
-909.0
1104.9
0.0
909
1105
0
277.0
-740.0
1105.4
0.0
740
1105
0
288.0
-672.0
1066.4
0.0
672
1066
0
215.0
-641.0
1909.2
0.0
641
1909
0
201.0
-382.0
955.4
0.0
382
955
0
175.0
-747.0
1743.9
0.0
747
1744
0
286.0
-667.0
724.6
0.0
667
725
0
175.0
-571.0
739.1
0.0
571
739
0
173.0
-522.0
739.1
0.0
522
739
0
129.0
-506.0
1326.7
0.0
506
1327
0
129.0
-354.0
660.8
0.0
354
661
0
111.0
-581.0
1172.4
0.0
581
1172
0
169.0
-521.0
808.3
0.0
521
808
0
106.0
-459.0
824.4
0.0
459
824
0
106.0
-437.0
823.4
0.0
437
823
0
73.0
-422.0
1487.8
0.0
422
1488
0
76.0
-338.0
722.6
0.0
338
723
0
53.0
-440.0
1365.3
0.0
440
1365
0
2.0
-304.0
593.7
0.0
304
594
0
2.0
-305.0
603.1
0.0
305
603
0
2.0
-305.0
599.7
0.0
305
600
0
2.0
-304.0
989.8
0.0
304
990
0
1.0
-308.0
509.1
0.0
308
509
0
1.0
-304.0
898.1
0.0
304
898
0
136.0
-400.0
891.8
0.0
400
892
0
59.0
-360.0
892.7
0.0
360
893
0
106.0
-372.0
892.7
0.0
372
893
0
36.0
-366.0
1580.0
0.0
366
1580
0
58.0
-309.0
820.9
0.0
309
821
0
62.0
-370.0
1634.4
0.0
370
1634
0
214.0
-430.0
887.1
0.0
430
887
0
97.0
-428.0
904.6
0.0
428
905
0
179.0
-417.0
903.6
0.0
417
904
0
46.0
-398.0
1569.1
0.0
398
1569
0
106.0
-355.0
830.8
0.0
355
831
0
147.0
-444.0
1655.9
0.0
444
1656
0
431.0
-815.0
183.9
0.0
815
184
0
360.0
-629.0
189.0
0.0
629
189
0
430.0
-562.0
189.0
0.0
562
189
0
68.0
-457.0
333.4
0.0
457
333
0
283.0
-464.0
170.9
0.0
464
171
0
232.0
-523.0
325.4
0.0
523
325
0

capacity of cross-section

NRk [kN]
My,Rk [kNm] Mz,Rk [kNm]
13160
2472
2472
13160
2472
2472
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
13160
2472
2472
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
7398
1042
1042
4987
710
710
9954
1886
1886

buckling analysis - part 1

NEd/(cy*NRk/gM1kyy*My,Ed/(cLT*M
kyz*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
0.140
0.114
0.136
0.080
0.077
0.089
0.139
0.119
0.109
0.065
0.074
0.095
0.093
0.082
0.078
0.058
0.075
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.059
0.045
0.075
0.068
0.070
0.043
0.058
0.043
0.081
0.081
0.079
0.058
0.067
0.052
0.214
0.165
0.148
0.081
0.122
0.061

0.497
0.488
0.627
0.669
0.538
0.615
0.664
0.670
0.667
0.561
0.586
0.661
0.459
0.465
0.463
0.628
0.642
0.575
0.520
0.528
0.525
0.867
0.446
0.489
0.501
0.499
0.500
0.538
0.456
0.556
0.501
0.511
0.509
0.664
0.464
0.567
0.283
0.285
0.283
0.332
0.253
0.175

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

utilisation grade buckling


analysis

buckling analysis - part 2

0.637
0.602
0.762
0.749
0.615
0.704
0.803
0.790
0.776
0.626
0.659
0.756
0.552
0.547
0.541
0.686
0.717
0.633
0.578
0.586
0.584
0.925
0.505
0.534
0.577
0.567
0.570
0.580
0.514
0.599
0.583
0.592
0.589
0.721
0.532
0.619
0.497
0.451
0.431
0.413
0.375
0.236

NEd/(cz*NRk/g*M
*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
M1 y,Ed/(cLT*My,Rk
0.140
0.114
0.136
0.080
0.077
0.089
0.139
0.119
0.109
0.065
0.074
0.095
0.093
0.082
0.078
0.058
0.075
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.059
0.045
0.075
0.068
0.070
0.043
0.058
0.043
0.081
0.081
0.079
0.058
0.067
0.052
0.214
0.165
0.148
0.081
0.122
0.061

0.298
0.293
0.376
0.401
0.323
0.369
0.531
0.536
0.534
0.337
0.469
0.397
0.275
0.279
0.278
0.377
0.514
0.345
0.416
0.423
0.420
0.694
0.357
0.293
0.301
0.299
0.300
0.323
0.273
0.334
0.301
0.307
0.306
0.398
0.279
0.340
0.170
0.171
0.170
0.199
0.152
0.105

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.438
0.407
0.512
0.482
0.400
0.458
0.670
0.655
0.642
0.402
0.542
0.492
0.369
0.361
0.356
0.435
0.589
0.403
0.474
0.481
0.478
0.752
0.416
0.339
0.376
0.367
0.370
0.365
0.331
0.377
0.382
0.388
0.385
0.456
0.346
0.392
0.384
0.336
0.318
0.280
0.274
0.166

0.637
0.602
0.762
0.749
0.615
0.704
0.803
0.790
0.776
0.626
0.659
0.756
0.552
0.547
0.541
0.686
0.717
0.633
0.578
0.586
0.584
0.925
0.505
0.534
0.577
0.567
0.570
0.580
0.514
0.599
0.583
0.592
0.589
0.721
0.532
0.619
0.497
0.451
0.431
0.413
0.375
0.236

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

Md = (max
Nd =
2
maxmin N;
My +
2 0,5
max N
minMz )
[kN]
909
740
672
641
382
747
667
571
522
506
354
581
521
459
437
422
338
440
304
305
305
304
308
304
400
360
372
366
309
370
430
428
417
398
355
444
815
629
562
457
464
523

[kNm]
1105
1105
1066
1909
955
1744
725
739
739
1327
661
1172
808
824
823
1488
723
1365
594
603
600
990
509
898
892
893
893
1580
821
1634
887
905
904
1569
831
1656
184
189
189
333
171
325

Nd/A

Md/Wel

[kN/cm ]
2.45
2.00
2.40
1.40
1.36
1.63
2.96
2.53
2.32
1.36
1.57
2.07
1.86
1.64
1.56
1.14
1.50
1.19
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.37
1.08
1.43
1.28
1.33
0.80
1.10
0.81
1.53
1.53
1.49
1.07
1.27
0.97
5.80
4.48
4.00
2.19
3.30
1.87

[kN/cm ]
20.87
20.88
26.20
29.57
23.47
27.01
21.92
22.36
22.36
25.06
19.99
28.80
19.86
20.25
20.23
28.10
21.86
25.79
17.96
18.25
18.14
29.95
15.40
22.06
21.91
21.93
21.93
24.47
20.17
25.32
21.79
22.22
22.20
29.64
20.41
25.65
11.96
12.30
12.30
14.95
11.12
7.99

sd

sd/(fyk/gM0)

[kN/cm ]
23.32
22.87
28.59
30.97
24.83
28.64
24.88
24.89
24.68
26.42
21.56
30.87
21.71
21.89
21.79
29.24
23.36
26.97
19.31
19.60
19.50
31.29
16.77
23.15
23.33
23.21
23.26
25.27
21.27
26.12
23.33
23.75
23.68
30.71
21.67
26.62
17.76
16.78
16.30
17.14
14.42
9.86

[-]
0.657
0.644
0.805
0.872
0.700
0.807
0.701
0.701
0.695
0.744
0.607
0.870
0.612
0.617
0.614
0.824
0.658
0.760
0.544
0.552
0.549
0.882
0.472
0.652
0.657
0.654
0.655
0.712
0.599
0.736
0.657
0.669
0.667
0.865
0.611
0.750
0.500
0.473
0.459
0.483
0.406
0.278

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

DC may consider to restrict the utility ratios to '0.9' for considering unforeseen incremental loadings, unpredicted poor workmanship, site tolerances and allowing future redesign flexibility.

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

INDEX

Axis Row N min


[-]

3503
3504
3505
3506
3603
3604
3605
3606
3703
3704
3705
3706
3801
3802
3803
3804
3805
3806
3901
3902
3903
3904
3905
3906
4001
4002
4003
4004
4005
4006
4101
4102
4103
4104
4105
4106
4201
4202
4203
4204
4205
4206
4301
4302
4303
4304
4305
4306

[-]
35
35
35
35
36
36
36
36
37
37
37
37
38
38
38
38
38
38
39
39
39
39
39
39
40
40
40
40
40
40
41
41
41
41
41
41
42
42
42
42
42
42
43
43
43
43
43
43

[KN]
3
4
5
6
3
4
5
6
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6

N max Mglob

[KN]
-451
390
-939
41
-479
353
-2024
751
-409
306
-890
64
-474
379
-1614
5710
-419
306
-886
94
-487
329
-2288
1511
-880
478
-531
259
-524
401
-923
98
-471
260
-2897
775
-444
213
-452
111
-443
200
-400
45
-355
126
-448
138
-406
137
-367
67
-386
126
-367
36
-309
69
-376
59
-304
2
-305
2
-305
2
-304
2
-308
1
-303
1
-521
180
-466
111
-443
112
-426
74
-341
112
-472
57
-673
301
-584
184
-528
182
-507
132
-368
185
-663
115

Mlok

member
length

[KNm] [KNm] L [m]


15.033 182.41
8.586
18.028 344.48
8.112
124 67.119
8.112
24.021 348.5
8.064
25.02 255.88
10.686
41.012 590.73
10.704
214.01 116.21
10.704
127.31 262.69
10.626
14.036 144.42
8.106
18.028 336.16
8.07
123 66.287
8.07
24.021 343.02
8.004
20.025 270.03
9.522
18.028 256.13
9.258
18.028 245.84
9.078
26.019 426.24
8.94
151 81.541
8.94
37.014 457.75
9.126
110 777.11
16.35
111 793.58
16.35
111 793.58
16.35
146 1423.1
16.35
557 273.79
16.35
177 1478.9
16.23
109 782.79
16.23
109 783.66
16.23
109 783.66
16.23
178 1402
16.23
551 269.88
16.23
175 1459.4
16.116
127.24 467.36
13.074
133.15 469.92
13.074
133.15 467.36
13.074
113.15 877.78
13.074
326.2 190.23
13.074
124.58 808.7
12.576
100 708.3
15.474
100 724.44
15.474
100 724.44
15.474
130 1357.8
15.474
484 238.61
15.474
120 1245.3
14.85
76.007 648.61
14.562
75.007 664.1
14.562
75.007 664.1
14.562
116 1210.6
14.562
428 233.82
14.562
83.006 1090.4
14.052

buckling length factors


by [-]
bz [-]
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

cross-sectionno.
("manually
chosen;
redesign) diameter
[-]

D [mm]
4510
4512
4510
6012
4510
6012
4510
6020
4510
4512
4510
6012
4510
4510
4510
4515
4510
6015
6015
6015
6015
6020
6015
6025
6015
6015
6015
6025
6015
6025
6012
6012
6012
6012
6012
6015
6015
6015
6015
6020
6012
6020
6012
6012
6012
6020
6012
6015

457.2
457.2
457.2
610
457.2
610
457.2
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610

thickness

area

T [mm]

A [cm2]
10
12
10
12
10
12
10
20
10
12
10
12
10
10
10
15
10
15
15
15
15
20
15
25
15
15
15
25
15
25
12
12
12
12
12
15
15
15
15
20
12
20
12
12
12
20
12
15

moment of
inertia
140
168
140
225
140
225
140
371
140
168
140
225
140
140
140
208
140
280
280
280
280
371
280
459
280
280
280
459
280
459
225
225
225
225
225
280
280
280
280
371
225
371
225
225
225
371
225
280

Iy=Iz [cm4]
35138
41612
35138
100814
35138
100814
35138
161490
35138
41612
35138
100814
35138
35138
35138
50993
35138
124159
124159
124159
124159
161490
124159
196906
124159
124159
124159
196906
124159
196906
100814
100814
100814
100814
100814
124159
124159
124159
124159
161490
100814
161490
100814
100814
100814
161490
100814
124159

E-modulus

strength
fyk [N/mm2]
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

E [N/mm2]
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000

buckling
curve

imperfection
factor
a [-]

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49

classification of cross-section
D/T [-]
45.7
38.1
45.7
50.8
45.7
50.8
45.7
30.5
45.7
38.1
45.7
50.8
45.7
45.7
45.7
30.5
45.7
40.7
40.7
40.7
40.7
30.5
40.7
24.4
40.7
40.7
40.7
24.4
40.7
24.4
50.8
50.8
50.8
50.8
50.8
40.7
40.7
40.7
40.7
30.5
50.8
30.5
50.8
50.8
50.8
30.5
50.8
40.7

elastic or plastic
design
resistances

section-class
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.

plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic

in buckling
analysis
considered
section
modulus
W [cm3]
2000
2379
2000
3305
2000
3305
2000
6965
2000
2379
2000
3305
2000
2000
2000
2934
2000
5312
5312
5312
5312
6965
5312
8561
5312
5312
5312
8561
5312
8561
3305
3305
3305
3305
3305
5312
5312
5312
5312
6965
3305
6965
3305
3305
3305
6965
3305
5312

elastic
section
modulus
Wel [cm3]
1537
1820
1537
3305
1537
3305
1537
5295
1537
1820
1537
3305
1537
1537
1537
2231
1537
4071
4071
4071
4071
5295
4071
6456
4071
4071
4071
6456
4071
6456
3305
3305
3305
3305
3305
4071
4071
4071
4071
5295
3305
5295
3305
3305
3305
5295
3305
4071

buckling length

Lcr,y [m]
8.59
8.11
8.11
8.06
10.69
10.70
10.70
10.63
8.11
8.07
8.07
8.00
9.52
9.26
9.08
8.94
8.94
9.13
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.12
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
12.58
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
14.85
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.05

Lcr,z[m]
8.59
8.11
8.11
8.06
10.69
10.70
10.70
10.63
8.11
8.07
8.07
8.00
9.52
9.26
9.08
8.94
8.94
9.13
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.12
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
12.58
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
14.85
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.05

elastic flexural buckling


force
Ncr,y [kN]
9879
13106
11067
32132
6378
18237
6356
29643
11084
13243
11183
32616
8032
8497
8837
13224
9112
30898
9626
9626
9626
12521
9626
15493
9769
9769
9769
15493
9769
15713
12224
12224
12224
12224
12224
16271
10747
10747
10747
13978
8726
15178
9854
9854
9854
15784
9854
13032

Ncr,z [kN]
9879
13106
11067
32132
6378
18237
6356
29643
11084
13243
11183
32616
8032
8497
8837
13224
9112
30898
9626
9626
9626
12521
9626
15493
9769
9769
9769
15493
9769
15713
12224
12224
12224
12224
12224
16271
10747
10747
10747
13978
8726
15178
9854
9854
9854
15784
9854
13032

slenderness for flexural


buckling
ly [-]
0.711
0.674
0.671
0.499
0.884
0.662
0.886
0.666
0.671
0.671
0.668
0.495
0.788
0.766
0.751
0.748
0.740
0.568
1.017
1.017
1.017
1.025
1.017
1.026
1.009
1.009
1.009
1.026
1.009
1.019
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.782
0.962
0.962
0.962
0.970
0.958
0.931
0.901
0.901
0.901
0.913
0.901
0.874

lz [-]
0.711
0.674
0.671
0.499
0.884
0.662
0.886
0.666
0.671
0.671
0.668
0.495
0.788
0.766
0.751
0.748
0.740
0.568
1.017
1.017
1.017
1.025
1.017
1.026
1.009
1.009
1.009
1.026
1.009
1.019
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.782
0.962
0.962
0.962
0.970
0.958
0.931
0.901
0.901
0.901
0.913
0.901
0.874

red. factor
torsional
buckl.

reduction factor for flexural buckling

fy [-]
0.8775
0.8435
0.8408
0.6978
1.0587
0.8327
1.0603
0.8362
0.8403
0.8403
0.8376
0.6951
0.9545
0.9322
0.9172
0.9140
0.9059
0.7511
1.2171
1.2171
1.2171
1.2277
1.2171
1.2288
1.2077
1.2077
1.2077
1.2288
1.2077
1.2196
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9485
1.1499
1.1499
1.1499
1.1595
1.1442
1.1127
1.0779
1.0779
1.0779
1.0916
1.0779
1.0470

cy [-]
0.7182
0.7406
0.7424
0.8435
0.6095
0.7478
0.6086
0.7454
0.7427
0.7427
0.7445
0.8456
0.6697
0.6834
0.6928
0.6948
0.6999
0.8044
0.5302
0.5302
0.5302
0.5254
0.5302
0.5250
0.5345
0.5345
0.5345
0.5250
0.5345
0.5291
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6734
0.5621
0.5621
0.5621
0.5574
0.5649
0.5808
0.5991
0.5991
0.5991
0.5918
0.5991
0.6159

fz [-]
0.8775
0.8435
0.8408
0.6978
1.0587
0.8327
1.0603
0.8362
0.8403
0.8403
0.8376
0.6951
0.9545
0.9322
0.9172
0.9140
0.9059
0.7511
1.2171
1.2171
1.2171
1.2277
1.2171
1.2288
1.2077
1.2077
1.2077
1.2288
1.2077
1.2196
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9485
1.1499
1.1499
1.1499
1.1595
1.1442
1.1127
1.0779
1.0779
1.0779
1.0916
1.0779
1.0470

cz [-]
0.7182
0.7406
0.7424
0.8435
0.6095
0.7478
0.6086
0.7454
0.7427
0.7427
0.7445
0.8456
0.6697
0.6834
0.6928
0.6948
0.6999
0.8044
0.5302
0.5302
0.5302
0.5254
0.5302
0.5250
0.5345
0.5345
0.5345
0.5250
0.5345
0.5291
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6734
0.5621
0.5621
0.5621
0.5574
0.5649
0.5808
0.5991
0.5991
0.5991
0.5918
0.5991
0.6159

cLT [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

moment coefficients

cmy [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

cmz [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 3

kyy,1
1.0537
1.0861
1.0521
1.0898
1.0714
1.0591
1.0830
1.0658
1.0455
1.0806
1.0526
1.1005
1.1246
1.0716
1.0684
1.0806
1.0599
1.1232
1.0513
1.0523
1.0512
1.0356
1.0410
1.0322
1.0462
1.0418
1.0439
1.0264
1.0352
1.0266
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0212
1.0538
1.0481
1.0457
1.0338
1.0433
1.0345
1.0759
1.0659
1.0595
1.0357
1.0415
1.0567

kyy,2
1.0755
1.1277
1.0776
1.1799
1.0807
1.0892
1.0937
1.0987
1.0679
1.1201
1.0787
1.2029
1.1581
1.0935
1.0910
1.1077
1.0810
1.2171
1.0505
1.0514
1.0504
1.0347
1.0404
1.0314
1.0458
1.0414
1.0435
1.0257
1.0348
1.0261
1.0347
1.0348
1.0348
1.0347
1.0352
1.0271
1.0559
1.0500
1.0475
1.0348
1.0453
1.0371
1.0842
1.0731
1.0661
1.0391
1.0461
1.0649

kyy
1.0537
1.0861
1.0521
1.0898
1.0714
1.0591
1.0830
1.0658
1.0455
1.0806
1.0526
1.1005
1.1246
1.0716
1.0684
1.0806
1.0599
1.1232
1.0505
1.0514
1.0504
1.0347
1.0404
1.0314
1.0458
1.0414
1.0435
1.0257
1.0348
1.0261
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0212
1.0538
1.0481
1.0457
1.0338
1.0433
1.0345
1.0759
1.0659
1.0595
1.0357
1.0415
1.0567

kzz,1
1.0537
1.0861
1.0521
1.0898
1.0714
1.0591
1.0830
1.0658
1.0455
1.0806
1.0526
1.1005
1.1246
1.0716
1.0684
1.0806
1.0599
1.1232
1.0513
1.0523
1.0512
1.0356
1.0410
1.0322
1.0462
1.0418
1.0439
1.0264
1.0352
1.0266
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0212
1.0538
1.0481
1.0457
1.0338
1.0433
1.0345
1.0759
1.0659
1.0595
1.0357
1.0415
1.0567

kzz,2
1.0755
1.1277
1.0776
1.1799
1.0807
1.0892
1.0937
1.0987
1.0679
1.1201
1.0787
1.2029
1.1581
1.0935
1.0910
1.1077
1.0810
1.2171
1.0505
1.0514
1.0504
1.0347
1.0404
1.0314
1.0458
1.0414
1.0435
1.0257
1.0348
1.0261
1.0347
1.0348
1.0348
1.0347
1.0352
1.0271
1.0559
1.0500
1.0475
1.0348
1.0453
1.0371
1.0842
1.0731
1.0661
1.0391
1.0461
1.0649

kzz
1.0537
1.0861
1.0521
1.0898
1.0714
1.0591
1.0830
1.0658
1.0455
1.0806
1.0526
1.1005
1.1246
1.0716
1.0684
1.0806
1.0599
1.1232
1.0505
1.0514
1.0504
1.0347
1.0404
1.0314
1.0458
1.0414
1.0435
1.0257
1.0348
1.0261
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0212
1.0538
1.0481
1.0457
1.0338
1.0433
1.0345
1.0759
1.0659
1.0595
1.0357
1.0415
1.0567

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 1 and 2

kyy,1
1.0643
1.1009
1.0610
1.0897
1.0921
1.0688
1.1071
1.0767
1.0533
1.0943
1.0614
1.0999
1.1549
1.0882
1.0836
1.0984
1.0728
1.1330
1.0687
1.0700
1.0686
1.0477
1.0549
1.0432
1.0618
1.0558
1.0587
1.0354
1.0470
1.0357
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0263
1.0710
1.0635
1.0604
1.0447
1.0572
1.0452
1.0984
1.0854
1.0772
1.0464
1.0538
1.0729

kyy,2
1.1007
1.1702
1.1035
1.2399
1.1076
1.1190
1.1249
1.1316
1.0905
1.1602
1.1049
1.2705
1.2108
1.1246
1.1213
1.1437
1.1079
1.2894
1.0673
1.0685
1.0672
1.0463
1.0538
1.0419
1.0610
1.0552
1.0580
1.0343
1.0465
1.0349
1.0463
1.0464
1.0464
1.0463
1.0469
1.0362
1.0745
1.0666
1.0633
1.0465
1.0603
1.0494
1.1123
1.0974
1.0881
1.0521
1.0614
1.0865

kyy
1.0643
1.1009
1.0610
1.0897
1.0921
1.0688
1.1071
1.0767
1.0533
1.0943
1.0614
1.0999
1.1549
1.0882
1.0836
1.0984
1.0728
1.1330
1.0673
1.0685
1.0672
1.0463
1.0538
1.0419
1.0610
1.0552
1.0580
1.0343
1.0465
1.0349
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0263
1.0710
1.0635
1.0604
1.0447
1.0572
1.0452
1.0984
1.0854
1.0772
1.0464
1.0538
1.0729

kzz,1
1.0643
1.1009
1.0610
1.0897
1.0921
1.0688
1.1071
1.0767
1.0533
1.0943
1.0614
1.0999
1.1549
1.0882
1.0836
1.0984
1.0728
1.1330
1.0687
1.0700
1.0686
1.0477
1.0549
1.0432
1.0618
1.0558
1.0587
1.0354
1.0470
1.0357
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0263
1.0710
1.0635
1.0604
1.0447
1.0572
1.0452
1.0984
1.0854
1.0772
1.0464
1.0538
1.0729

kzz,2
1.1007
1.1702
1.1035
1.2399
1.1076
1.1190
1.1249
1.1316
1.0905
1.1602
1.1049
1.2705
1.2108
1.1246
1.1213
1.1437
1.1079
1.2894
1.0673
1.0685
1.0672
1.0463
1.0538
1.0419
1.0610
1.0552
1.0580
1.0343
1.0465
1.0349
1.0463
1.0464
1.0464
1.0463
1.0469
1.0362
1.0745
1.0666
1.0633
1.0465
1.0603
1.0494
1.1123
1.0974
1.0881
1.0521
1.0614
1.0865

kzz
1.0643
1.1009
1.0610
1.0897
1.0921
1.0688
1.1071
1.0767
1.0533
1.0943
1.0614
1.0999
1.1549
1.0882
1.0836
1.0984
1.0728
1.1330
1.0673
1.0685
1.0672
1.0463
1.0538
1.0419
1.0610
1.0552
1.0580
1.0343
1.0465
1.0349
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0263
1.0710
1.0635
1.0604
1.0447
1.0572
1.0452
1.0984
1.0854
1.0772
1.0464
1.0538
1.0729

interaction factors

kyy [-]
1.064
1.101
1.061
1.090
1.092
1.059
1.107
1.077
1.053
1.094
1.061
1.100
1.155
1.088
1.084
1.098
1.073
1.133
1.067
1.069
1.067
1.046
1.054
1.042
1.061
1.055
1.058
1.034
1.046
1.035
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.026
1.071
1.064
1.060
1.045
1.043
1.045
1.076
1.066
1.060
1.046
1.042
1.073

kzz [-]
1.064
1.101
1.061
1.090
1.092
1.059
1.107
1.077
1.053
1.094
1.061
1.100
1.155
1.088
1.084
1.098
1.073
1.133
1.067
1.069
1.067
1.046
1.054
1.042
1.061
1.055
1.058
1.034
1.046
1.035
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.026
1.071
1.064
1.060
1.045
1.043
1.045
1.076
1.066
1.060
1.046
1.042
1.073

kyz [-]
0.639
0.661
0.637
1.090
0.655
1.059
0.664
0.646
0.632
0.657
0.637
1.100
0.693
0.653
0.650
0.659
0.644
0.680
0.640
0.641
0.640
0.628
0.632
0.625
0.637
0.633
0.635
0.621
0.628
0.621
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
0.616
0.643
0.638
0.636
0.627
1.043
0.627
1.076
1.066
1.060
0.628
1.042
0.644

max./ min. inner forces and moments

kzy [-]
0.639
0.661
0.637
0.872
0.655
0.847
0.664
0.646
0.632
0.657
0.637
0.880
0.693
0.653
0.650
0.659
0.644
0.680
0.640
0.641
0.640
0.628
0.632
0.625
0.637
0.633
0.635
0.621
0.628
0.621
0.822
0.823
0.823
0.822
0.823
0.616
0.643
0.638
0.636
0.627
0.835
0.627
0.861
0.853
0.848
0.628
0.833
0.644

in buckling analysis considered forces


and moments

max Mlok [kNm] NEd [kN]


My,Ed [kNm] Mz,Ed [kNm]
max N [kN] min N [kN]max Mglob [kNm]
390.0
-451.0
197.4
0.0
451
197
0
41.0
-939.0
362.5
0.0
939
363
0
353.0
-479.0
191.1
0.0
479
191
0
751.0
-2024.0
372.5
0.0
2024
373
0
306.0
-409.0
280.9
0.0
409
281
0
64.0
-890.0
631.7
0.0
890
632
0
379.0
-474.0
330.2
0.0
474
330
0
5710.0
-1614.0
390.0
0.0
1614
390
0
306.0
-419.0
158.5
0.0
419
158
0
94.0
-886.0
354.2
0.0
886
354
0
329.0
-487.0
189.3
0.0
487
189
0
1511.0
-2288.0
367.0
0.0
2288
367
0
478.0
-880.0
290.1
0.0
880
290
0
259.0
-531.0
274.2
0.0
531
274
0
401.0
-524.0
263.9
0.0
524
264
0
98.0
-923.0
452.3
0.0
923
452
0
260.0
-471.0
232.5
0.0
471
233
0
775.0
-2897.0
494.8
0.0
2897
495
0
213.0
-444.0
887.1
0.0
444
887
0
111.0
-452.0
904.6
0.0
452
905
0
200.0
-443.0
904.6
0.0
443
905
0
45.0
-400.0
1569.1
0.0
400
1569
0
126.0
-355.0
830.8
0.0
355
831
0
138.0
-448.0
1655.9
0.0
448
1656
0
137.0
-406.0
891.8
0.0
406
892
0
67.0
-367.0
892.7
0.0
367
893
0
126.0
-386.0
892.7
0.0
386
893
0
36.0
-367.0
1580.0
0.0
367
1580
0
69.0
-309.0
820.9
0.0
309
821
0
59.0
-376.0
1634.4
0.0
376
1634
0
2.0
-304.0
594.6
0.0
304
595
0
2.0
-305.0
603.1
0.0
305
603
0
2.0
-305.0
600.5
0.0
305
601
0
2.0
-304.0
990.9
0.0
304
991
0
1.0
-308.0
516.4
0.0
308
516
0
1.0
-303.0
933.3
0.0
303
933
0
180.0
-521.0
808.3
0.0
521
808
0
111.0
-466.0
824.4
0.0
466
824
0
112.0
-443.0
824.4
0.0
443
824
0
74.0
-426.0
1487.8
0.0
426
1488
0
112.0
-341.0
722.6
0.0
341
723
0
57.0
-472.0
1365.3
0.0
472
1365
0
301.0
-673.0
724.6
0.0
673
725
0
184.0
-584.0
739.1
0.0
584
739
0
182.0
-528.0
739.1
0.0
528
739
0
132.0
-507.0
1326.7
0.0
507
1327
0
185.0
-368.0
661.8
0.0
368
662
0
115.0
-663.0
1173.4
0.0
663
1173
0

capacity of cross-section

NRk [kN]
My,Rk [kNm] Mz,Rk [kNm]
4987
710
710
5958
845
845
4987
710
710
8003
1173
1173
4987
710
710
8003
1173
1173
4987
710
710
13160
2472
2472
4987
710
710
5958
845
845
4987
710
710
8003
1173
1173
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
7398
1042
1042
4987
710
710
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
13160
2472
2472
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886

buckling analysis - part 1

NEd/(cy*NRk/gM1kyy*My,Ed/(cLT*M
kyz*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
0.126
0.213
0.129
0.300
0.135
0.149
0.156
0.165
0.113
0.200
0.131
0.338
0.263
0.156
0.152
0.180
0.135
0.362
0.084
0.086
0.084
0.058
0.067
0.052
0.076
0.069
0.073
0.043
0.058
0.044
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.059
0.045
0.093
0.083
0.079
0.058
0.075
0.062
0.140
0.122
0.110
0.065
0.077
0.108

0.296
0.473
0.286
0.346
0.432
0.570
0.515
0.170
0.235
0.459
0.283
0.344
0.472
0.420
0.403
0.477
0.351
0.297
0.502
0.513
0.512
0.664
0.464
0.568
0.502
0.500
0.501
0.538
0.456
0.557
0.521
0.528
0.526
0.868
0.453
0.508
0.459
0.465
0.464
0.629
0.643
0.577
0.664
0.671
0.667
0.561
0.587
0.668

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

utilisation grade buckling


analysis

buckling analysis - part 2

0.422
0.685
0.415
0.646
0.567
0.719
0.671
0.334
0.348
0.659
0.414
0.682
0.735
0.576
0.554
0.656
0.486
0.659
0.586
0.598
0.596
0.722
0.532
0.620
0.578
0.569
0.573
0.581
0.514
0.600
0.579
0.586
0.584
0.926
0.511
0.553
0.552
0.548
0.543
0.687
0.718
0.639
0.805
0.793
0.778
0.627
0.664
0.776

NEd/(cz*NRk/g*M
*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
M1 y,Ed/(cLT*My,Rk
0.126
0.213
0.129
0.300
0.135
0.149
0.156
0.165
0.113
0.200
0.131
0.338
0.263
0.156
0.152
0.180
0.135
0.362
0.084
0.086
0.084
0.058
0.067
0.052
0.076
0.069
0.073
0.043
0.058
0.044
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.059
0.045
0.093
0.083
0.079
0.058
0.075
0.062
0.140
0.122
0.110
0.065
0.077
0.108

0.178
0.284
0.171
0.277
0.259
0.456
0.309
0.102
0.141
0.275
0.170
0.275
0.283
0.252
0.242
0.286
0.211
0.178
0.301
0.308
0.307
0.398
0.279
0.341
0.301
0.300
0.301
0.323
0.273
0.334
0.417
0.423
0.421
0.695
0.362
0.305
0.275
0.279
0.278
0.377
0.514
0.346
0.532
0.537
0.534
0.337
0.470
0.401

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.303
0.496
0.301
0.577
0.394
0.605
0.465
0.266
0.254
0.476
0.301
0.613
0.547
0.408
0.393
0.466
0.346
0.540
0.385
0.393
0.391
0.456
0.346
0.393
0.377
0.369
0.373
0.365
0.331
0.377
0.475
0.481
0.479
0.752
0.421
0.350
0.369
0.362
0.357
0.435
0.589
0.408
0.672
0.659
0.644
0.402
0.547
0.509

0.422
0.685
0.415
0.646
0.567
0.719
0.671
0.334
0.348
0.659
0.414
0.682
0.735
0.576
0.554
0.656
0.486
0.659
0.586
0.598
0.596
0.722
0.532
0.620
0.578
0.569
0.573
0.581
0.514
0.600
0.579
0.586
0.584
0.926
0.511
0.553
0.552
0.548
0.543
0.687
0.718
0.639
0.805
0.793
0.778
0.627
0.664
0.776

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

Md = (max
Nd =
2
maxmin N;
My +
2 0,5
max N
minMz )
[kN]
451
939
479
2024
409
890
474
5710
419
886
487
2288
880
531
524
923
471
2897
444
452
443
400
355
448
406
367
386
367
309
376
304
305
305
304
308
303
521
466
443
426
341
472
673
584
528
507
368
663

[kNm]
197
363
191
373
281
632
330
390
158
354
189
367
290
274
264
452
233
495
887
905
905
1569
831
1656
892
893
893
1580
821
1634
595
603
601
991
516
933
808
824
824
1488
723
1365
725
739
739
1327
662
1173

Nd/A

Md/Wel

[kN/cm ]
3.21
5.59
3.41
8.98
2.91
3.95
3.37
15.40
2.98
5.28
3.47
10.15
6.26
3.78
3.73
4.43
3.35
10.33
1.58
1.61
1.58
1.08
1.27
0.98
1.45
1.31
1.38
0.80
1.10
0.82
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.37
1.08
1.86
1.66
1.58
1.15
1.51
1.27
2.99
2.59
2.34
1.37
1.63
2.36

[kN/cm ]
12.84
19.91
12.43
11.27
18.27
19.11
21.48
7.37
10.31
19.46
12.31
11.10
18.87
17.84
17.17
20.27
15.13
12.15
21.79
22.22
22.22
29.64
20.41
25.65
21.91
21.93
21.93
24.47
20.17
25.32
17.99
18.25
18.17
29.98
15.62
22.93
19.86
20.25
20.25
28.10
21.86
25.79
21.92
22.36
22.36
25.06
20.02
28.82

sd

sd/(fyk/gM0)

[kN/cm ]
16.06
25.51
15.84
20.25
21.19
23.06
24.86
22.77
13.29
24.74
15.78
21.25
25.13
21.62
20.90
24.70
18.48
22.49
23.38
23.83
23.80
30.71
21.67
26.62
23.36
23.24
23.31
25.27
21.27
26.13
19.34
19.60
19.52
31.33
16.99
24.01
21.71
21.91
21.83
29.25
23.37
27.06
24.91
24.95
24.70
26.42
21.66
31.19

[-]
0.452
0.719
0.446
0.570
0.597
0.650
0.700
0.641
0.374
0.697
0.445
0.599
0.708
0.609
0.589
0.696
0.521
0.633
0.658
0.671
0.670
0.865
0.611
0.750
0.658
0.655
0.656
0.712
0.599
0.736
0.545
0.552
0.550
0.882
0.479
0.676
0.612
0.617
0.615
0.824
0.658
0.762
0.702
0.703
0.696
0.744
0.610
0.879

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

INDEX

Axis Row N min


[-]

4401
4402
4403
4404
4405
4406
4501
4502
4503
4504
4505
4506
4601
4602
4603
4604
4605
4606
4701
4702
4703
4704
4705
4706
4801
4802
4803
4804
4805
4806
4901
4902
4903
4904
4905
4906
5001
5002
5003
5004
5005
5006
5101
5102
5103
5104
5105
5106
5201
5202
5203
5204
5205
5206
5301
5302
5303
5304
5305
5306

[-]
44
44
44
44
44
44
45
45
45
45
45
45
46
46
46
46
46
46
47
47
47
47
47
47
48
48
48
48
48
48
49
49
49
49
49
49
50
50
50
50
50
50
51
51
51
51
51
51
52
52
52
52
52
52
53
53
53
53
53
53

[KN]
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6

N max Mglob

[KN]
-916
499
-758
290
-680
301
-642
219
-416
297
-880
193
-1480
1553
-1162
569
-1001
549
-2133
1071
-523
425
-907
1328
-838
567
-914
370
-989
408
-1628
852
-1355
552
-826
1038
-772
378
-597
224
-577
224
-569
165
-475
123
-608
400
-456
119
-403
77
-389
70
-406
51
-403
100
-511
266
-305
1
-306
1
-306
1
-305
1
-311
-1
-305
1
-364
56
-359
62
-336
42
-341
27
-304
31
-353
8
-436
123
-417
129
-382
100
-382
62
-308
64
-423
167
-517
215
-482
204
-443
177
-428
110
-318
94
-441
150
-553
256
-519
243
-479
215
-448
132
-324
109
-459
137

Mlok

member
length

[KNm] [KNm] L [m]


171 933.89
17.274
169 937.35
17.274
129 937.35
17.274
205 1704.2
17.274
621 334.43
17.274
191 1554.9
16.536
81.006 575.15
13.464
80.006 569.95
13.464
67.007 569.95
13.464
110 1035.4
13.464
365.01 218.69
13.464
195.01 1567.9
16.83
58.009 464.84
12.732
59.008 473.22
12.732
59.008 473.22
12.732
94.005 912.38
12.732
335.01 183.17
12.732
36.014 313.94
7.308
191 1007.1
18.324
188 980.88
18.324
188 980.88
18.324
273 1890.3
18.324
751 374.68
18.324
205 1727
17.37
79.006 651.02
15.06
79.006 649.3
15.06
79.006 649.3
15.06
124 1198.2
15.06
462 250.84
15.06
114 1171.4
14.436
127.94 457.81
13.494
135.53 470.59
13.494
135.53 467.17
13.494
121.25 875.85
13.494
353.03 226.29
13.494
101.4 874.64
12.99
48.01 463.11
12.936
48.01 478.48
12.936
48.01 478.48
12.936
69.007 883.62
12.936
329 187.26
12.936
54.009 849.89
12.456
169 825.16
17.556
128 847.05
17.556
128 847.05
17.556
208 1615.4
17.556
645 304.6
17.556
242 1835.1
17.382
122 793.12
17.052
122 799.88
17.052
121 799.88
17.052
197 1524.2
17.052
609 288.21
17.052
192 1710.6
16.878
34.015 345.14
11.214
33.015 345.98
11.214
33.015 345.98
11.214
44.011 660.34
11.214
238 125.61
11.214
43.012 692.77
11.106

buckling length factors


by [-]
bz [-]
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

cross-sectionno.
("manually
chosen;
redesign) diameter
[-]

D [mm]
6020
6020
6015
6025
6015
6025
6015
6015
6012
6020
6012
6025
6012
6012
6012
6020
6012
6025
6020
6020
6020
6030
6020
6025
6012
6012
6012
6020
6012
6020
6012
6012
6012
6015
6012
6015
5012
5012
5012
6015
5012
6012
6020
6015
6015
6025
6015
6030
6015
6015
6015
6025
6015
6025
4512
4512
4512
6012
4510
6012

610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
508
508
508
610
508
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
610
457.2
610

thickness

area

T [mm]

A [cm2]
20
20
15
25
15
25
15
15
12
20
12
25
12
12
12
20
12
25
20
20
20
30
20
25
12
12
12
20
12
20
12
12
12
15
12
15
12
12
12
15
12
12
20
15
15
25
15
30
15
15
15
25
15
25
12
12
12
12
10
12

moment of
inertia
371
371
280
459
280
459
280
280
225
371
225
459
225
225
225
371
225
459
371
371
371
547
371
459
225
225
225
371
225
371
225
225
225
280
225
280
187
187
187
280
187
225
371
280
280
459
280
547
280
280
280
459
280
459
168
168
168
225
140
225

Iy=Iz [cm4]
161490
161490
124159
196906
124159
196906
124159
124159
100814
161490
100814
196906
100814
100814
100814
161490
100814
196906
161490
161490
161490
230476
161490
196906
100814
100814
100814
161490
100814
161490
100814
100814
100814
124159
100814
124159
57536
57536
57536
124159
57536
100814
161490
124159
124159
196906
124159
230476
124159
124159
124159
196906
124159
196906
41612
41612
41612
100814
35138
100814

E-modulus

strength
fyk [N/mm2]
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

E [N/mm2]
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000

buckling
curve

imperfection
factor
a [-]

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49

classification of cross-section
D/T [-]
30.5
30.5
40.7
24.4
40.7
24.4
40.7
40.7
50.8
30.5
50.8
24.4
50.8
50.8
50.8
30.5
50.8
24.4
30.5
30.5
30.5
20.3
30.5
24.4
50.8
50.8
50.8
30.5
50.8
30.5
50.8
50.8
50.8
40.7
50.8
40.7
42.3
42.3
42.3
40.7
42.3
50.8
30.5
40.7
40.7
24.4
40.7
20.3
40.7
40.7
40.7
24.4
40.7
24.4
38.1
38.1
38.1
50.8
45.7
50.8

elastic or plastic
design
resistances

section-class
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design

plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic

in buckling
analysis
considered
section
modulus
W [cm3]
6965
6965
5312
8561
5312
8561
5312
5312
3305
6965
3305
8561
3305
3305
3305
6965
3305
8561
6965
6965
6965
10101
6965
8561
3305
3305
3305
6965
3305
6965
3305
3305
3305
5312
3305
5312
2953
2953
2953
5312
2953
3305
6965
5312
5312
8561
5312
10101
5312
5312
5312
8561
5312
8561
2379
2379
2379
3305
2000
3305

elastic
section
modulus
Wel [cm3]
5295
5295
4071
6456
4071
6456
4071
4071
3305
5295
3305
6456
3305
3305
3305
5295
3305
6456
5295
5295
5295
7557
5295
6456
3305
3305
3305
5295
3305
5295
3305
3305
3305
4071
3305
4071
2265
2265
2265
4071
2265
3305
5295
4071
4071
6456
4071
7557
4071
4071
4071
6456
4071
6456
1820
1820
1820
3305
1537
3305

buckling length

Lcr,y [m]
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
16.54
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
16.83
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
7.31
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
17.37
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
14.44
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
12.99
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.46
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.38
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
16.88
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.11

Lcr,z[m]
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
16.54
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
16.83
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
7.31
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
17.37
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
14.44
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
12.99
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.46
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.38
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
16.88
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.11

elastic flexural buckling


force
Ncr,y [kN]
11217
11217
8624
13677
8624
14925
14195
14195
11526
18464
11526
14408
12890
12890
12890
20648
12890
76416
9968
9968
9968
14227
9968
13526
9213
9213
9213
14758
9213
16061
11475
11475
11475
14132
11475
15250
7126
7126
7126
15378
7126
13467
10860
8349
8349
13241
8349
15810
8850
8850
8850
14036
8850
14326
6858
6858
6858
16616
5791
16940

Ncr,z [kN]
11217
11217
8624
13677
8624
14925
14195
14195
11526
18464
11526
14408
12890
12890
12890
20648
12890
76416
9968
9968
9968
14227
9968
13526
9213
9213
9213
14758
9213
16061
11475
11475
11475
14132
11475
15250
7126
7126
7126
15378
7126
13467
10860
8349
8349
13241
8349
15810
8850
8850
8850
14036
8850
14326
6858
6858
6858
16616
5791
16940

slenderness for flexural


buckling
ly [-]
1.083
1.083
1.074
1.092
1.074
1.045
0.837
0.837
0.833
0.844
0.833
1.064
0.788
0.788
0.788
0.798
0.788
0.462
1.149
1.149
1.149
1.168
1.149
1.098
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.944
0.932
0.905
0.835
0.835
0.835
0.839
0.835
0.808
0.965
0.965
0.965
0.805
0.965
0.771
1.101
1.092
1.092
1.110
1.092
1.108
1.061
1.061
1.061
1.078
1.061
1.067
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.694
0.928
0.687

lz [-]
1.083
1.083
1.074
1.092
1.074
1.045
0.837
0.837
0.833
0.844
0.833
1.064
0.788
0.788
0.788
0.798
0.788
0.462
1.149
1.149
1.149
1.168
1.149
1.098
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.944
0.932
0.905
0.835
0.835
0.835
0.839
0.835
0.808
0.965
0.965
0.965
0.805
0.965
0.771
1.101
1.092
1.092
1.110
1.092
1.108
1.061
1.061
1.061
1.078
1.061
1.067
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.694
0.928
0.687

red. factor
torsional
buckl.

reduction factor for flexural buckling

fy [-]
1.3030
1.3030
1.2913
1.3148
1.2913
1.2535
1.0068
1.0068
1.0023
1.0142
1.0023
1.2777
0.9545
0.9545
0.9545
0.9653
0.9545
0.6709
1.3926
1.3926
1.3926
1.4192
1.3926
1.3230
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
1.1282
1.1137
1.0825
1.0043
1.0043
1.0043
1.0088
1.0043
0.9753
1.1532
1.1532
1.1532
0.9717
1.1532
0.9370
1.3266
1.3146
1.3146
1.3388
1.3146
1.3361
1.2732
1.2732
1.2732
1.2962
1.2732
1.2817
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
0.8619
1.1090
0.8556

cy [-]
0.4933
0.4933
0.4981
0.4885
0.4981
0.5141
0.6387
0.6387
0.6413
0.6344
0.6413
0.5037
0.6697
0.6697
0.6697
0.6632
0.6697
0.8640
0.4588
0.4588
0.4588
0.4494
0.4588
0.4853
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.5729
0.5803
0.5966
0.6401
0.6401
0.6401
0.6375
0.6401
0.6572
0.5604
0.5604
0.5604
0.6593
0.5604
0.6804
0.4838
0.4886
0.4886
0.4790
0.4886
0.4801
0.5056
0.5056
0.5056
0.4961
0.5056
0.5021
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.7284
0.5827
0.7325

fz [-]
1.3030
1.3030
1.2913
1.3148
1.2913
1.2535
1.0068
1.0068
1.0023
1.0142
1.0023
1.2777
0.9545
0.9545
0.9545
0.9653
0.9545
0.6709
1.3926
1.3926
1.3926
1.4192
1.3926
1.3230
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
1.1282
1.1137
1.0825
1.0043
1.0043
1.0043
1.0088
1.0043
0.9753
1.1532
1.1532
1.1532
0.9717
1.1532
0.9370
1.3266
1.3146
1.3146
1.3388
1.3146
1.3361
1.2732
1.2732
1.2732
1.2962
1.2732
1.2817
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
0.8619
1.1090
0.8556

cz [-]
0.4933
0.4933
0.4981
0.4885
0.4981
0.5141
0.6387
0.6387
0.6413
0.6344
0.6413
0.5037
0.6697
0.6697
0.6697
0.6632
0.6697
0.8640
0.4588
0.4588
0.4588
0.4494
0.4588
0.4853
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.5729
0.5803
0.5966
0.6401
0.6401
0.6401
0.6375
0.6401
0.6572
0.5604
0.5604
0.5604
0.6593
0.5604
0.6804
0.4838
0.4886
0.4886
0.4790
0.4886
0.4801
0.5056
0.5056
0.5056
0.4961
0.5056
0.5021
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.7284
0.5827
0.7325

cLT [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

moment coefficients

cmy [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

cmz [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 3

kyy,1
1.0917
1.0759
1.0884
1.0528
1.0541
1.0658
1.1170
1.0918
1.0975
1.1294
1.0509
1.0705
1.0739
1.0806
1.0872
1.0894
1.1195
1.0162
1.0881
1.0682
1.0659
1.0457
1.0542
1.0506
1.0549
1.0485
1.0468
1.0305
1.0485
1.0353
1.0298
1.0299
1.0299
1.0242
1.0304
1.0226
1.0567
1.0559
1.0523
1.0251
1.0473
1.0300
1.0452
1.0562
1.0515
1.0326
1.0415
1.0302
1.0654
1.0609
1.0560
1.0342
1.0402
1.0345
1.0895
1.0840
1.0775
1.0320
1.0621
1.0323

kyy,2
1.0847
1.0701
1.0823
1.0483
1.0503
1.0630
1.1397
1.1097
1.1170
1.1533
1.0611
1.0662
1.0938
1.1023
1.1107
1.1119
1.1517
1.0352
1.0767
1.0593
1.0573
1.0392
1.0472
1.0461
1.0589
1.0521
1.0503
1.0323
1.0521
1.0390
1.0357
1.0358
1.0358
1.0288
1.0364
1.0280
1.0587
1.0579
1.0542
1.0312
1.0490
1.0389
1.0411
1.0514
1.0471
1.0293
1.0380
1.0272
1.0616
1.0575
1.0528
1.0317
1.0379
1.0323
1.0960
1.0901
1.0831
1.0461
1.0669
1.0470

kyy
1.0847
1.0701
1.0823
1.0483
1.0503
1.0630
1.1170
1.0918
1.0975
1.1294
1.0509
1.0662
1.0739
1.0806
1.0872
1.0894
1.1195
1.0162
1.0767
1.0593
1.0573
1.0392
1.0472
1.0461
1.0549
1.0485
1.0468
1.0305
1.0485
1.0353
1.0298
1.0299
1.0299
1.0242
1.0304
1.0226
1.0567
1.0559
1.0523
1.0251
1.0473
1.0300
1.0411
1.0514
1.0471
1.0293
1.0380
1.0272
1.0616
1.0575
1.0528
1.0317
1.0379
1.0323
1.0895
1.0840
1.0775
1.0320
1.0621
1.0323

kzz,1
1.0917
1.0759
1.0884
1.0528
1.0541
1.0658
1.1170
1.0918
1.0975
1.1294
1.0509
1.0705
1.0739
1.0806
1.0872
1.0894
1.1195
1.0162
1.0881
1.0682
1.0659
1.0457
1.0542
1.0506
1.0549
1.0485
1.0468
1.0305
1.0485
1.0353
1.0298
1.0299
1.0299
1.0242
1.0304
1.0226
1.0567
1.0559
1.0523
1.0251
1.0473
1.0300
1.0452
1.0562
1.0515
1.0326
1.0415
1.0302
1.0654
1.0609
1.0560
1.0342
1.0402
1.0345
1.0895
1.0840
1.0775
1.0320
1.0621
1.0323

kzz,2
1.0847
1.0701
1.0823
1.0483
1.0503
1.0630
1.1397
1.1097
1.1170
1.1533
1.0611
1.0662
1.0938
1.1023
1.1107
1.1119
1.1517
1.0352
1.0767
1.0593
1.0573
1.0392
1.0472
1.0461
1.0589
1.0521
1.0503
1.0323
1.0521
1.0390
1.0357
1.0358
1.0358
1.0288
1.0364
1.0280
1.0587
1.0579
1.0542
1.0312
1.0490
1.0389
1.0411
1.0514
1.0471
1.0293
1.0380
1.0272
1.0616
1.0575
1.0528
1.0317
1.0379
1.0323
1.0960
1.0901
1.0831
1.0461
1.0669
1.0470

kzz
1.0847
1.0701
1.0823
1.0483
1.0503
1.0630
1.1170
1.0918
1.0975
1.1294
1.0509
1.0662
1.0739
1.0806
1.0872
1.0894
1.1195
1.0162
1.0767
1.0593
1.0573
1.0392
1.0472
1.0461
1.0549
1.0485
1.0468
1.0305
1.0485
1.0353
1.0298
1.0299
1.0299
1.0242
1.0304
1.0226
1.0567
1.0559
1.0523
1.0251
1.0473
1.0300
1.0411
1.0514
1.0471
1.0293
1.0380
1.0272
1.0616
1.0575
1.0528
1.0317
1.0379
1.0323
1.0895
1.0840
1.0775
1.0320
1.0621
1.0323

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 1 and 2

kyy,1
1.1246
1.1031
1.1199
1.0719
1.0734
1.0887
1.1484
1.1165
1.1235
1.1646
1.0645
1.0954
1.0919
1.1003
1.1085
1.1116
1.1486
1.0154
1.1213
1.0938
1.0907
1.0632
1.0747
1.0690
1.0719
1.0635
1.0613
1.0401
1.0635
1.0459
1.0378
1.0379
1.0379
1.0307
1.0386
1.0283
1.0749
1.0738
1.0691
1.0314
1.0625
1.0370
1.0617
1.0765
1.0701
1.0445
1.0565
1.0412
1.0884
1.0824
1.0757
1.0464
1.0544
1.0467
1.1171
1.1099
1.1014
1.0380
1.0812
1.0382

kyy,2
1.1129
1.0934
1.1097
1.0645
1.0671
1.0840
1.1862
1.1462
1.1560
1.2044
1.0815
1.0883
1.1251
1.1364
1.1476
1.1492
1.2022
1.0469
1.1023
1.0791
1.0764
1.0522
1.0629
1.0615
1.0786
1.0694
1.0670
1.0431
1.0694
1.0521
1.0476
1.0478
1.0478
1.0384
1.0486
1.0373
1.0783
1.0772
1.0723
1.0416
1.0654
1.0519
1.0548
1.0686
1.0628
1.0391
1.0507
1.0363
1.0822
1.0766
1.0704
1.0423
1.0505
1.0431
1.1280
1.1201
1.1108
1.0615
1.0892
1.0626

kyy
1.1129
1.0934
1.1097
1.0645
1.0671
1.0840
1.1484
1.1165
1.1235
1.1646
1.0645
1.0883
1.0919
1.1003
1.1085
1.1116
1.1486
1.0154
1.1023
1.0791
1.0764
1.0522
1.0629
1.0615
1.0719
1.0635
1.0613
1.0401
1.0635
1.0459
1.0378
1.0379
1.0379
1.0307
1.0386
1.0283
1.0749
1.0738
1.0691
1.0314
1.0625
1.0370
1.0548
1.0686
1.0628
1.0391
1.0507
1.0363
1.0822
1.0766
1.0704
1.0423
1.0505
1.0431
1.1171
1.1099
1.1014
1.0380
1.0812
1.0382

kzz,1
1.1246
1.1031
1.1199
1.0719
1.0734
1.0887
1.1484
1.1165
1.1235
1.1646
1.0645
1.0954
1.0919
1.1003
1.1085
1.1116
1.1486
1.0154
1.1213
1.0938
1.0907
1.0632
1.0747
1.0690
1.0719
1.0635
1.0613
1.0401
1.0635
1.0459
1.0378
1.0379
1.0379
1.0307
1.0386
1.0283
1.0749
1.0738
1.0691
1.0314
1.0625
1.0370
1.0617
1.0765
1.0701
1.0445
1.0565
1.0412
1.0884
1.0824
1.0757
1.0464
1.0544
1.0467
1.1171
1.1099
1.1014
1.0380
1.0812
1.0382

kzz,2
1.1129
1.0934
1.1097
1.0645
1.0671
1.0840
1.1862
1.1462
1.1560
1.2044
1.0815
1.0883
1.1251
1.1364
1.1476
1.1492
1.2022
1.0469
1.1023
1.0791
1.0764
1.0522
1.0629
1.0615
1.0786
1.0694
1.0670
1.0431
1.0694
1.0521
1.0476
1.0478
1.0478
1.0384
1.0486
1.0373
1.0783
1.0772
1.0723
1.0416
1.0654
1.0519
1.0548
1.0686
1.0628
1.0391
1.0507
1.0363
1.0822
1.0766
1.0704
1.0423
1.0505
1.0431
1.1280
1.1201
1.1108
1.0615
1.0892
1.0626

kzz
1.1129
1.0934
1.1097
1.0645
1.0671
1.0840
1.1484
1.1165
1.1235
1.1646
1.0645
1.0883
1.0919
1.1003
1.1085
1.1116
1.1486
1.0154
1.1023
1.0791
1.0764
1.0522
1.0629
1.0615
1.0719
1.0635
1.0613
1.0401
1.0635
1.0459
1.0378
1.0379
1.0379
1.0307
1.0386
1.0283
1.0749
1.0738
1.0691
1.0314
1.0625
1.0370
1.0548
1.0686
1.0628
1.0391
1.0507
1.0363
1.0822
1.0766
1.0704
1.0423
1.0505
1.0431
1.1171
1.1099
1.1014
1.0380
1.0812
1.0382

interaction factors

kyy [-]
1.113
1.093
1.110
1.064
1.067
1.084
1.148
1.116
1.098
1.165
1.051
1.088
1.074
1.081
1.087
1.112
1.120
1.015
1.102
1.079
1.076
1.052
1.063
1.061
1.055
1.049
1.047
1.040
1.049
1.046
1.030
1.030
1.030
1.031
1.030
1.028
1.075
1.074
1.069
1.031
1.063
1.030
1.055
1.069
1.063
1.039
1.051
1.036
1.082
1.077
1.070
1.042
1.051
1.043
1.117
1.110
1.101
1.032
1.081
1.032

kzz [-]
1.113
1.093
1.110
1.064
1.067
1.084
1.148
1.116
1.098
1.165
1.051
1.088
1.074
1.081
1.087
1.112
1.120
1.015
1.102
1.079
1.076
1.052
1.063
1.061
1.055
1.049
1.047
1.040
1.049
1.046
1.030
1.030
1.030
1.031
1.030
1.028
1.075
1.074
1.069
1.031
1.063
1.030
1.055
1.069
1.063
1.039
1.051
1.036
1.082
1.077
1.070
1.042
1.051
1.043
1.117
1.110
1.101
1.032
1.081
1.032

kyz [-]
0.668
0.656
0.666
0.639
0.640
0.650
0.689
0.670
1.098
0.699
1.051
0.653
1.074
1.081
1.087
0.667
1.120
0.609
0.661
0.647
0.646
0.631
0.638
0.637
1.055
1.049
1.047
0.624
1.049
0.628
1.030
1.030
1.030
0.618
1.030
0.617
0.645
0.644
0.641
0.619
0.638
1.030
0.633
0.641
0.638
0.623
0.630
0.622
0.649
0.646
0.642
0.625
0.630
0.626
0.670
0.666
0.661
1.032
0.649
1.032

max./ min. inner forces and moments

kzy [-]
0.668
0.656
0.666
0.639
0.640
0.650
0.689
0.670
0.878
0.699
0.841
0.653
0.859
0.864
0.870
0.667
0.896
0.609
0.661
0.647
0.646
0.631
0.638
0.637
0.844
0.839
0.837
0.624
0.839
0.628
0.824
0.824
0.824
0.618
0.824
0.617
0.645
0.644
0.641
0.619
0.638
0.824
0.633
0.641
0.638
0.623
0.630
0.622
0.649
0.646
0.642
0.625
0.630
0.626
0.670
0.666
0.661
0.826
0.649
0.826

in buckling analysis considered forces


and moments

max Mlok [kNm] NEd [kN]


My,Ed [kNm] Mz,Ed [kNm]
max N [kN] min N [kN]max Mglob [kNm]
499.0
-916.0
1104.9
0.0
916
1105
0
290.0
-758.0
1106.4
0.0
758
1106
0
301.0
-680.0
1066.4
0.0
680
1066
0
219.0
-642.0
1909.2
0.0
642
1909
0
297.0
-416.0
955.4
0.0
416
955
0
193.0
-880.0
1745.9
0.0
880
1746
0
1553.0
-1480.0
656.2
0.0
1480
656
0
569.0
-1162.0
650.0
0.0
1162
650
0
549.0
-1001.0
637.0
0.0
1001
637
0
1071.0
-2133.0
1145.4
0.0
2133
1145
0
425.0
-523.0
583.7
0.0
523
584
0
1328.0
-907.0
1762.9
0.0
907
1763
0
567.0
-838.0
522.9
0.0
838
523
0
370.0
-914.0
532.2
0.0
914
532
0
408.0
-989.0
532.2
0.0
989
532
0
852.0
-1628.0
1006.4
0.0
1628
1006
0
552.0
-1355.0
518.2
0.0
1355
518
0
1038.0
-826.0
350.0
0.0
826
350
0
378.0
-772.0
1198.1
0.0
772
1198
0
224.0
-597.0
1168.9
0.0
597
1169
0
224.0
-577.0
1168.9
0.0
577
1169
0
165.0
-569.0
2163.3
0.0
569
2163
0
123.0
-475.0
1125.7
0.0
475
1126
0
400.0
-608.0
1932.0
0.0
608
1932
0
119.0
-456.0
730.0
0.0
456
730
0
77.0
-403.0
728.3
0.0
403
728
0
70.0
-389.0
728.3
0.0
389
728
0
51.0
-406.0
1322.2
0.0
406
1322
0
100.0
-403.0
712.8
0.0
403
713
0
266.0
-511.0
1285.4
0.0
511
1285
0
1.0
-305.0
585.8
0.0
305
586
0
1.0
-306.0
606.1
0.0
306
606
0
1.0
-306.0
602.7
0.0
306
603
0
1.0
-305.0
997.1
0.0
305
997
0
-1.0
-311.0
579.3
0.0
311
579
0
1.0
-305.0
976.0
0.0
305
976
0
56.0
-364.0
511.1
0.0
364
511
0
62.0
-359.0
526.5
0.0
359
526
0
42.0
-336.0
526.5
0.0
336
526
0
27.0
-341.0
952.6
0.0
341
953
0
31.0
-304.0
516.3
0.0
304
516
0
8.0
-353.0
903.9
0.0
353
904
0
123.0
-436.0
994.2
0.0
436
994
0
129.0
-417.0
975.1
0.0
417
975
0
100.0
-382.0
975.1
0.0
382
975
0
62.0
-382.0
1823.4
0.0
382
1823
0
64.0
-308.0
949.6
0.0
308
950
0
167.0
-423.0
2077.1
0.0
423
2077
0
215.0
-517.0
915.1
0.0
517
915
0
204.0
-482.0
921.9
0.0
482
922
0
177.0
-443.0
920.9
0.0
443
921
0
110.0
-428.0
1721.2
0.0
428
1721
0
94.0
-318.0
897.2
0.0
318
897
0
150.0
-441.0
1902.6
0.0
441
1903
0
256.0
-553.0
379.2
0.0
553
379
0
243.0
-519.0
379.0
0.0
519
379
0
215.0
-479.0
379.0
0.0
479
379
0
132.0
-448.0
704.3
0.0
448
704
0
109.0
-324.0
363.6
0.0
324
364
0
137.0
-459.0
735.8
0.0
459
736
0

capacity of cross-section

NRk [kN]
My,Rk [kNm] Mz,Rk [kNm]
13160
2472
2472
13160
2472
2472
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039
13160
2472
2472
13160
2472
2472
13160
2472
2472
19406
3586
3586
13160
2472
2472
16311
3039
3039
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
6638
1048
1048
6638
1048
1048
6638
1048
1048
9954
1886
1886
6638
1048
1048
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
19406
3586
3586
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
5958
845
845
5958
845
845
5958
845
845
8003
1173
1173
4987
710
710
8003
1173
1173

buckling analysis - part 1

NEd/(cy*NRk/gM1kyy*My,Ed/(cLT*M
kyz*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
0.141
0.117
0.137
0.081
0.084
0.105
0.233
0.183
0.195
0.255
0.102
0.110
0.156
0.171
0.185
0.187
0.253
0.059
0.128
0.099
0.096
0.065
0.079
0.077
0.098
0.087
0.084
0.054
0.087
0.065
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.048
0.061
0.047
0.098
0.097
0.090
0.052
0.082
0.065
0.068
0.086
0.079
0.049
0.063
0.045
0.103
0.096
0.088
0.053
0.063
0.054
0.160
0.150
0.139
0.077
0.111
0.078

0.497
0.489
0.628
0.669
0.541
0.623
0.400
0.385
0.596
0.539
0.523
0.631
0.479
0.490
0.493
0.452
0.494
0.117
0.534
0.510
0.509
0.635
0.484
0.675
0.656
0.651
0.650
0.556
0.637
0.544
0.514
0.532
0.529
0.545
0.509
0.532
0.524
0.539
0.537
0.521
0.523
0.793
0.424
0.553
0.550
0.623
0.529
0.600
0.525
0.526
0.523
0.590
0.500
0.653
0.502
0.498
0.494
0.619
0.554
0.647

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

utilisation grade buckling


analysis

buckling analysis - part 2

0.638
0.606
0.765
0.749
0.625
0.728
0.632
0.568
0.791
0.795
0.625
0.742
0.635
0.661
0.678
0.639
0.747
0.176
0.662
0.609
0.604
0.700
0.563
0.752
0.754
0.738
0.734
0.610
0.724
0.609
0.574
0.592
0.589
0.593
0.569
0.579
0.622
0.636
0.627
0.573
0.605
0.858
0.493
0.638
0.628
0.672
0.592
0.646
0.628
0.622
0.611
0.643
0.563
0.707
0.661
0.648
0.633
0.696
0.665
0.726

NEd/(cz*NRk/g*M
*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
M1 y,Ed/(cLT*My,Rk
0.141
0.117
0.137
0.081
0.084
0.105
0.233
0.183
0.195
0.255
0.102
0.110
0.156
0.171
0.185
0.187
0.253
0.059
0.128
0.099
0.096
0.065
0.079
0.077
0.098
0.087
0.084
0.054
0.087
0.065
0.060
0.060
0.060
0.048
0.061
0.047
0.098
0.097
0.090
0.052
0.082
0.065
0.068
0.086
0.079
0.049
0.063
0.045
0.103
0.096
0.088
0.053
0.063
0.054
0.160
0.150
0.139
0.077
0.111
0.078

0.298
0.294
0.377
0.401
0.324
0.374
0.240
0.231
0.477
0.324
0.418
0.379
0.383
0.392
0.395
0.271
0.396
0.070
0.320
0.306
0.305
0.381
0.290
0.405
0.525
0.521
0.520
0.334
0.510
0.326
0.411
0.426
0.423
0.327
0.407
0.319
0.314
0.324
0.322
0.313
0.314
0.635
0.254
0.332
0.330
0.374
0.317
0.360
0.315
0.316
0.314
0.354
0.300
0.392
0.301
0.299
0.297
0.496
0.332
0.518

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.440
0.410
0.514
0.482
0.408
0.479
0.473
0.414
0.672
0.579
0.520
0.489
0.539
0.563
0.579
0.458
0.648
0.129
0.448
0.405
0.401
0.446
0.369
0.482
0.623
0.607
0.604
0.388
0.596
0.391
0.471
0.485
0.483
0.375
0.468
0.366
0.412
0.420
0.413
0.365
0.396
0.700
0.323
0.417
0.408
0.423
0.381
0.406
0.418
0.412
0.402
0.407
0.363
0.446
0.461
0.449
0.435
0.572
0.444
0.596

0.638
0.606
0.765
0.749
0.625
0.728
0.632
0.568
0.791
0.795
0.625
0.742
0.635
0.661
0.678
0.639
0.747
0.176
0.662
0.609
0.604
0.700
0.563
0.752
0.754
0.738
0.734
0.610
0.724
0.609
0.574
0.592
0.589
0.593
0.569
0.579
0.622
0.636
0.627
0.573
0.605
0.858
0.493
0.638
0.628
0.672
0.592
0.646
0.628
0.622
0.611
0.643
0.563
0.707
0.661
0.648
0.633
0.696
0.665
0.726

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

Md = (max
Nd =
2
maxmin N;
My +
2 0,5
max N
minMz )
[kN]
916
758
680
642
416
880
1553
1162
1001
2133
523
1328
838
914
989
1628
1355
1038
772
597
577
569
475
608
456
403
389
406
403
511
305
306
306
305
311
305
364
359
336
341
304
353
436
417
382
382
308
423
517
482
443
428
318
441
553
519
479
448
324
459

[kNm]
1105
1106
1066
1909
955
1746
656
650
637
1145
584
1763
523
532
532
1006
518
350
1198
1169
1169
2163
1126
1932
730
728
728
1322
713
1285
586
606
603
997
579
976
511
526
526
953
516
904
994
975
975
1823
950
2077
915
922
921
1721
897
1903
379
379
379
704
364
736

Nd/A

Md/Wel

[kN/cm ]
2.47
2.04
2.43
1.40
1.48
1.92
5.54
4.14
4.44
5.75
2.32
2.89
3.72
4.05
4.39
4.39
6.01
2.26
2.08
1.61
1.56
1.04
1.28
1.32
2.02
1.79
1.73
1.10
1.79
1.38
1.35
1.36
1.36
1.09
1.38
1.09
1.95
1.92
1.80
1.22
1.63
1.57
1.18
1.49
1.36
0.83
1.10
0.77
1.84
1.72
1.58
0.93
1.13
0.96
3.29
3.09
2.85
1.99
2.31
2.04

[kN/cm ]
20.87
20.90
26.20
29.57
23.47
27.04
16.12
15.97
19.27
21.63
17.66
27.31
15.82
16.10
16.10
19.01
15.68
5.42
22.63
22.08
22.08
28.63
21.26
29.93
22.09
22.03
22.03
24.97
21.57
24.28
17.72
18.34
18.23
24.49
17.53
23.98
22.56
23.24
23.24
23.40
22.79
27.35
18.78
23.95
23.95
28.24
23.33
27.49
22.48
22.65
22.62
26.66
22.04
29.47
20.83
20.82
20.82
21.31
23.66
22.26

sd

sd/(fyk/gM0)

[kN/cm ]
23.34
22.94
28.62
30.97
24.95
28.96
21.66
20.11
23.71
27.39
19.98
30.20
19.54
20.16
20.49
23.40
21.69
7.68
24.71
23.69
23.63
29.67
22.54
31.25
24.11
23.82
23.76
26.07
23.35
25.65
19.07
19.69
19.59
25.58
18.91
25.06
24.51
25.16
25.04
24.62
24.42
28.91
19.95
25.44
25.31
29.07
24.43
28.26
24.32
24.37
24.20
27.59
23.17
30.43
24.12
23.91
23.67
23.30
25.96
24.30

[-]
0.657
0.646
0.806
0.872
0.703
0.816
0.610
0.566
0.668
0.771
0.563
0.851
0.550
0.568
0.577
0.659
0.611
0.216
0.696
0.667
0.666
0.836
0.635
0.880
0.679
0.671
0.669
0.734
0.658
0.723
0.537
0.555
0.552
0.721
0.533
0.706
0.690
0.709
0.705
0.693
0.688
0.814
0.562
0.717
0.713
0.819
0.688
0.796
0.685
0.686
0.682
0.777
0.653
0.857
0.680
0.674
0.667
0.656
0.731
0.684

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

INDEX

Axis Row N min


[-]

5401
5402
5403
5404
5405
5406
5501
5502
5503
5504
5505
5506
5601
5602
5603
5604
5605
5606
5701
5702
5703
5704
5705
5706
5801
5802
5803
5804
5805
5806
5901
5902
5903
5904
5905
5906
6001
6002
6003
6004
6005
6006
6101
6102
6103
6104
6105
6106
6201
6202
6203
6204
6205
6206
6301
6302
6303
6304
6305
6306

[-]
54
54
54
54
54
54
55
55
55
55
55
55
56
56
56
56
56
56
57
57
57
57
57
57
58
58
58
58
58
58
59
59
59
59
59
59
60
60
60
60
60
60
61
61
61
61
61
61
62
62
62
62
62
62
63
63
63
63
63
63

[KN]
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6

N max Mglob

[KN]
-564
278
-529
275
-535
289
-465
160
-308
82
-473
134
-546
266
-485
247
-456
227
-436
133
-330
94
-446
87
-511
225
-455
206
-426
185
-418
111
-322
83
-437
77
-431
130
-399
132
-370
107
-375
63
-310
55
-425
78
-361
57
-350
65
-330
46
-337
29
-306
24
-349
19
-303
2
-304
2
-304
2
-304
1
-311
-1
-306
-1
-453
114
-402
74
-388
67
-395
48
-390
67
-480
199
-768
362
-594
216
-576
215
-554
157
-480
58
-539
308
-1220
1244
-673
355
-863
437
-1341
822
-624
115
-824
836
-679
351
-787
591
-841
423
-1874
1128
-1404
601
-804
970

Mlok

member
length

[KNm] [KNm] L [m]


77.006 293.95
11.178
72.007 296.08
11.178
98.372 86.533
11.178
46.011 283.87
11.178
236 124.2
11.178
96.421 453.67
11.07
34.015 345.14
11.214
33.015 345.98
11.214
33.015 345.98
11.214
44.011 660.34
11.214
238 125.61
11.214
43.012 692.77
11.106
122 793.12
17.052
122 799.88
17.052
121 799.88
17.052
196 1524.2
17.052
609 288.21
17.052
192 1710.6
16.878
169 825.16
17.556
128 847.05
17.556
127 847.05
17.556
208 1615.4
17.556
645 304.6
17.556
242 1835.1
17.382
48.01 463.11
12.936
48.01 478.48
12.936
48.01 478.48
12.936
69.007 883.62
12.936
329 187.26
12.936
54.009 849.89
12.456
125.3 457.81
13.494
132.88 470.59
13.494
132.88 464.61
13.494
119.62 873.93
13.494
352.96 214.45
13.494
101.4 865.35
12.99
79.006 651.02
15.06
79.006 649.3
15.06
79.006 649.3
15.06
124 1198.2
15.06
462 250.84
15.06
114 1171.4
14.436
191 1007.1
18.324
188 980.88
18.324
188 980.88
18.324
273 1890.3
18.324
751.01 374.68
18.324
204 1727
17.37
60.008 481.13
12.714
58.009 472.68
12.714
58.009 472.68
12.714
71.007 910.16
12.714
330.01 228.88
12.714
183 1498
16.284
67.007 490.49
12.582
57.009 496.53
12.582
57.009 496.53
12.582
93.005 904.18
12.582
328.01 170.32
12.582
34.015 282.85
7.038

buckling length factors


by [-]
bz [-]
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

cross-sectionno.
("manually
chosen;
redesign) diameter
[-]

D [mm]
4512
4512
4510
4510
4510
4515
4512
4512
4512
6012
4510
6012
6015
6015
6015
6025
6015
6025
6020
6015
6015
6025
6015
6030
5012
5012
5012
6015
5012
6012
6012
6012
6012
6015
6012
6015
6012
6012
6012
6020
6012
6020
6020
6020
6020
6030
6020
6025
6012
6012
6012
6015
6012
6025
6015
6012
6012
6020
6012
6025

457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
610
457.2
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
508
508
508
610
508
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610

thickness

area

T [mm]

A [cm2]
12
12
10
10
10
15
12
12
12
12
10
12
15
15
15
25
15
25
20
15
15
25
15
30
12
12
12
15
12
12
12
12
12
15
12
15
12
12
12
20
12
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
12
12
12
15
12
25
15
12
12
20
12
25

moment of
inertia
168
168
140
140
140
208
168
168
168
225
140
225
280
280
280
459
280
459
371
280
280
459
280
547
187
187
187
280
187
225
225
225
225
280
225
280
225
225
225
371
225
371
371
371
371
547
371
459
225
225
225
280
225
459
280
225
225
371
225
459

Iy=Iz [cm4]
41612
41612
35138
35138
35138
50993
41612
41612
41612
100814
35138
100814
124159
124159
124159
196906
124159
196906
161490
124159
124159
196906
124159
230476
57536
57536
57536
124159
57536
100814
100814
100814
100814
124159
100814
124159
100814
100814
100814
161490
100814
161490
161490
161490
161490
230476
161490
196906
100814
100814
100814
124159
100814
196906
124159
100814
100814
161490
100814
196906

E-modulus

strength
fyk [N/mm2]
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

E [N/mm2]
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000

buckling
curve

imperfection
factor
a [-]

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49

classification of cross-section
D/T [-]
38.1
38.1
45.7
45.7
45.7
30.5
38.1
38.1
38.1
50.8
45.7
50.8
40.7
40.7
40.7
24.4
40.7
24.4
30.5
40.7
40.7
24.4
40.7
20.3
42.3
42.3
42.3
40.7
42.3
50.8
50.8
50.8
50.8
40.7
50.8
40.7
50.8
50.8
50.8
30.5
50.8
30.5
30.5
30.5
30.5
20.3
30.5
24.4
50.8
50.8
50.8
40.7
50.8
24.4
40.7
50.8
50.8
30.5
50.8
24.4

elastic or plastic
design
resistances

section-class
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.

plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic

in buckling
analysis
considered
section
modulus
W [cm3]
2379
2379
2000
2000
2000
2934
2379
2379
2379
3305
2000
3305
5312
5312
5312
8561
5312
8561
6965
5312
5312
8561
5312
10101
2953
2953
2953
5312
2953
3305
3305
3305
3305
5312
3305
5312
3305
3305
3305
6965
3305
6965
6965
6965
6965
10101
6965
8561
3305
3305
3305
5312
3305
8561
5312
3305
3305
6965
3305
8561

elastic
section
modulus
Wel [cm3]
1820
1820
1537
1537
1537
2231
1820
1820
1820
3305
1537
3305
4071
4071
4071
6456
4071
6456
5295
4071
4071
6456
4071
7557
2265
2265
2265
4071
2265
3305
3305
3305
3305
4071
3305
4071
3305
3305
3305
5295
3305
5295
5295
5295
5295
7557
5295
6456
3305
3305
3305
4071
3305
6456
4071
3305
3305
5295
3305
6456

buckling length

Lcr,y [m]
11.18
11.18
11.18
11.18
11.18
11.07
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.11
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
16.88
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.38
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.46
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
12.99
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
14.44
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
17.37
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
16.28
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
7.04

Lcr,z[m]
11.18
11.18
11.18
11.18
11.18
11.07
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.21
11.11
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
17.05
16.88
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.56
17.38
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.94
12.46
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
13.49
12.99
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
15.06
14.44
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
18.32
17.37
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
16.28
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
7.04

elastic flexural buckling


force
Ncr,y [kN]
6903
6903
5829
5829
5829
8624
6858
6858
6858
16616
5791
16940
8850
8850
8850
14036
8850
14326
10860
8349
8349
13241
8349
15810
7126
7126
7126
15378
7126
13467
11475
11475
11475
14132
11475
15250
9213
9213
9213
14758
9213
16061
9968
9968
9968
14227
9968
13526
12926
12926
12926
15920
12926
15391
16255
13199
13199
21143
13199
82391

Ncr,z [kN]
6903
6903
5829
5829
5829
8624
6858
6858
6858
16616
5791
16940
8850
8850
8850
14036
8850
14326
10860
8349
8349
13241
8349
15810
7126
7126
7126
15378
7126
13467
11475
11475
11475
14132
11475
15250
9213
9213
9213
14758
9213
16061
9968
9968
9968
14227
9968
13526
12926
12926
12926
15920
12926
15391
16255
13199
13199
21143
13199
82391

slenderness for flexural


buckling
ly [-]
0.929
0.929
0.925
0.925
0.925
0.926
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.694
0.928
0.687
1.061
1.061
1.061
1.078
1.061
1.067
1.101
1.092
1.092
1.110
1.092
1.108
0.965
0.965
0.965
0.805
0.965
0.771
0.835
0.835
0.835
0.839
0.835
0.808
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.944
0.932
0.905
1.149
1.149
1.149
1.168
1.149
1.098
0.787
0.787
0.787
0.791
0.787
1.029
0.783
0.779
0.779
0.789
0.779
0.445

lz [-]
0.929
0.929
0.925
0.925
0.925
0.926
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.694
0.928
0.687
1.061
1.061
1.061
1.078
1.061
1.067
1.101
1.092
1.092
1.110
1.092
1.108
0.965
0.965
0.965
0.805
0.965
0.771
0.835
0.835
0.835
0.839
0.835
0.808
0.932
0.932
0.932
0.944
0.932
0.905
1.149
1.149
1.149
1.168
1.149
1.098
0.787
0.787
0.787
0.791
0.787
1.029
0.783
0.779
0.779
0.789
0.779
0.445

red. factor
torsional
buckl.

reduction factor for flexural buckling

fy [-]
1.1102
1.1102
1.1055
1.1055
1.1055
1.1068
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
0.8619
1.1090
0.8556
1.2732
1.2732
1.2732
1.2962
1.2732
1.2817
1.3266
1.3146
1.3146
1.3388
1.3146
1.3361
1.1532
1.1532
1.1532
0.9717
1.1532
0.9370
1.0043
1.0043
1.0043
1.0088
1.0043
0.9753
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
1.1282
1.1137
1.0825
1.3926
1.3926
1.3926
1.4192
1.3926
1.3230
0.9533
0.9533
0.9533
0.9574
0.9533
1.2331
0.9489
0.9450
0.9450
0.9555
0.9450
0.6590

cy [-]
0.5821
0.5821
0.5845
0.5845
0.5845
0.5839
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.7284
0.5827
0.7325
0.5056
0.5056
0.5056
0.4961
0.5056
0.5021
0.4838
0.4886
0.4886
0.4790
0.4886
0.4801
0.5604
0.5604
0.5604
0.6593
0.5604
0.6804
0.6401
0.6401
0.6401
0.6375
0.6401
0.6572
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.5729
0.5803
0.5966
0.4588
0.4588
0.4588
0.4494
0.4588
0.4853
0.6704
0.6704
0.6704
0.6680
0.6704
0.5230
0.6731
0.6755
0.6755
0.6691
0.6755
0.8733

fz [-]
1.1102
1.1102
1.1055
1.1055
1.1055
1.1068
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
0.8619
1.1090
0.8556
1.2732
1.2732
1.2732
1.2962
1.2732
1.2817
1.3266
1.3146
1.3146
1.3388
1.3146
1.3361
1.1532
1.1532
1.1532
0.9717
1.1532
0.9370
1.0043
1.0043
1.0043
1.0088
1.0043
0.9753
1.1137
1.1137
1.1137
1.1282
1.1137
1.0825
1.3926
1.3926
1.3926
1.4192
1.3926
1.3230
0.9533
0.9533
0.9533
0.9574
0.9533
1.2331
0.9489
0.9450
0.9450
0.9555
0.9450
0.6590

cz [-]
0.5821
0.5821
0.5845
0.5845
0.5845
0.5839
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.7284
0.5827
0.7325
0.5056
0.5056
0.5056
0.4961
0.5056
0.5021
0.4838
0.4886
0.4886
0.4790
0.4886
0.4801
0.5604
0.5604
0.5604
0.6593
0.5604
0.6804
0.6401
0.6401
0.6401
0.6375
0.6401
0.6572
0.5803
0.5803
0.5803
0.5729
0.5803
0.5966
0.4588
0.4588
0.4588
0.4494
0.4588
0.4853
0.6704
0.6704
0.6704
0.6680
0.6704
0.5230
0.6731
0.6755
0.6755
0.6691
0.6755
0.8733

cLT [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

moment coefficients

cmy [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

cmz [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 3

kyy,1
1.0907
1.0850
1.1019
1.0885
1.0586
1.0609
1.0883
1.0785
1.0738
1.0311
1.0632
1.0314
1.0646
1.0575
1.0539
1.0334
1.0407
1.0342
1.0447
1.0537
1.0498
1.0320
1.0418
1.0303
1.0562
1.0545
1.0514
1.0248
1.0476
1.0296
1.0296
1.0297
1.0297
1.0241
1.0304
1.0227
1.0545
1.0484
1.0467
1.0297
1.0470
1.0332
1.0877
1.0678
1.0658
1.0445
1.0548
1.0449
1.1073
1.0592
1.0759
1.0957
1.0549
1.0597
1.0476
1.0680
1.0727
1.1007
1.1213
1.0151

kyy,2
1.0976
1.0915
1.1101
1.0957
1.0634
1.0657
1.0948
1.0842
1.0791
1.0449
1.0681
1.0456
1.0609
1.0542
1.0508
1.0310
1.0384
1.0320
1.0406
1.0492
1.0456
1.0288
1.0382
1.0274
1.0582
1.0565
1.0532
1.0308
1.0494
1.0385
1.0355
1.0356
1.0356
1.0287
1.0364
1.0281
1.0585
1.0519
1.0501
1.0314
1.0504
1.0367
1.0763
1.0590
1.0572
1.0381
1.0477
1.0409
1.1364
1.0753
1.0965
1.1210
1.0698
1.0580
1.0608
1.0873
1.0933
1.1277
1.1558
1.0339

kyy
1.0907
1.0850
1.1019
1.0885
1.0586
1.0609
1.0883
1.0785
1.0738
1.0311
1.0632
1.0314
1.0609
1.0542
1.0508
1.0310
1.0384
1.0320
1.0406
1.0492
1.0456
1.0288
1.0382
1.0274
1.0562
1.0545
1.0514
1.0248
1.0476
1.0296
1.0296
1.0297
1.0297
1.0241
1.0304
1.0227
1.0545
1.0484
1.0467
1.0297
1.0470
1.0332
1.0763
1.0590
1.0572
1.0381
1.0477
1.0409
1.1073
1.0592
1.0759
1.0957
1.0549
1.0580
1.0476
1.0680
1.0727
1.1007
1.1213
1.0151

kzz,1
1.0907
1.0850
1.1019
1.0885
1.0586
1.0609
1.0883
1.0785
1.0738
1.0311
1.0632
1.0314
1.0646
1.0575
1.0539
1.0334
1.0407
1.0342
1.0447
1.0537
1.0498
1.0320
1.0418
1.0303
1.0562
1.0545
1.0514
1.0248
1.0476
1.0296
1.0296
1.0297
1.0297
1.0241
1.0304
1.0227
1.0545
1.0484
1.0467
1.0297
1.0470
1.0332
1.0877
1.0678
1.0658
1.0445
1.0548
1.0449
1.1073
1.0592
1.0759
1.0957
1.0549
1.0597
1.0476
1.0680
1.0727
1.1007
1.1213
1.0151

kzz,2
1.0976
1.0915
1.1101
1.0957
1.0634
1.0657
1.0948
1.0842
1.0791
1.0449
1.0681
1.0456
1.0609
1.0542
1.0508
1.0310
1.0384
1.0320
1.0406
1.0492
1.0456
1.0288
1.0382
1.0274
1.0582
1.0565
1.0532
1.0308
1.0494
1.0385
1.0355
1.0356
1.0356
1.0287
1.0364
1.0281
1.0585
1.0519
1.0501
1.0314
1.0504
1.0367
1.0763
1.0590
1.0572
1.0381
1.0477
1.0409
1.1364
1.0753
1.0965
1.1210
1.0698
1.0580
1.0608
1.0873
1.0933
1.1277
1.1558
1.0339

kzz
1.0907
1.0850
1.1019
1.0885
1.0586
1.0609
1.0883
1.0785
1.0738
1.0311
1.0632
1.0314
1.0609
1.0542
1.0508
1.0310
1.0384
1.0320
1.0406
1.0492
1.0456
1.0288
1.0382
1.0274
1.0562
1.0545
1.0514
1.0248
1.0476
1.0296
1.0296
1.0297
1.0297
1.0241
1.0304
1.0227
1.0545
1.0484
1.0467
1.0297
1.0470
1.0332
1.0763
1.0590
1.0572
1.0381
1.0477
1.0409
1.1073
1.0592
1.0759
1.0957
1.0549
1.0580
1.0476
1.0680
1.0727
1.1007
1.1213
1.0151

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 1 and 2

kyy,1
1.1186
1.1112
1.1331
1.1156
1.0766
1.0795
1.1156
1.1027
1.0966
1.0369
1.0827
1.0371
1.0874
1.0778
1.0728
1.0454
1.0551
1.0463
1.0610
1.0732
1.0679
1.0437
1.0569
1.0414
1.0743
1.0720
1.0679
1.0310
1.0629
1.0366
1.0376
1.0377
1.0377
1.0306
1.0386
1.0284
1.0714
1.0634
1.0612
1.0390
1.0615
1.0431
1.1207
1.0934
1.0905
1.0615
1.0754
1.0612
1.1334
1.0736
1.0944
1.1191
1.0683
1.0801
1.0590
1.0842
1.0900
1.1253
1.1503
1.0138

kyy,2
1.1301
1.1220
1.1468
1.1276
1.0845
1.0876
1.1263
1.1122
1.1055
1.0598
1.0908
1.0609
1.0812
1.0723
1.0677
1.0413
1.0512
1.0427
1.0542
1.0656
1.0609
1.0384
1.0510
1.0365
1.0776
1.0753
1.0710
1.0411
1.0658
1.0513
1.0473
1.0475
1.0475
1.0383
1.0486
1.0374
1.0780
1.0693
1.0668
1.0419
1.0672
1.0489
1.1018
1.0787
1.0763
1.0508
1.0636
1.0545
1.1819
1.1003
1.1287
1.1614
1.0930
1.0773
1.0811
1.1165
1.1244
1.1703
1.2078
1.0452

kyy
1.1186
1.1112
1.1331
1.1156
1.0766
1.0795
1.1156
1.1027
1.0966
1.0369
1.0827
1.0371
1.0812
1.0723
1.0677
1.0413
1.0512
1.0427
1.0542
1.0656
1.0609
1.0384
1.0510
1.0365
1.0743
1.0720
1.0679
1.0310
1.0629
1.0366
1.0376
1.0377
1.0377
1.0306
1.0386
1.0284
1.0714
1.0634
1.0612
1.0390
1.0615
1.0431
1.1018
1.0787
1.0763
1.0508
1.0636
1.0545
1.1334
1.0736
1.0944
1.1191
1.0683
1.0773
1.0590
1.0842
1.0900
1.1253
1.1503
1.0138

kzz,1
1.1186
1.1112
1.1331
1.1156
1.0766
1.0795
1.1156
1.1027
1.0966
1.0369
1.0827
1.0371
1.0874
1.0778
1.0728
1.0454
1.0551
1.0463
1.0610
1.0732
1.0679
1.0437
1.0569
1.0414
1.0743
1.0720
1.0679
1.0310
1.0629
1.0366
1.0376
1.0377
1.0377
1.0306
1.0386
1.0284
1.0714
1.0634
1.0612
1.0390
1.0615
1.0431
1.1207
1.0934
1.0905
1.0615
1.0754
1.0612
1.1334
1.0736
1.0944
1.1191
1.0683
1.0801
1.0590
1.0842
1.0900
1.1253
1.1503
1.0138

kzz,2
1.1301
1.1220
1.1468
1.1276
1.0845
1.0876
1.1263
1.1122
1.1055
1.0598
1.0908
1.0609
1.0812
1.0723
1.0677
1.0413
1.0512
1.0427
1.0542
1.0656
1.0609
1.0384
1.0510
1.0365
1.0776
1.0753
1.0710
1.0411
1.0658
1.0513
1.0473
1.0475
1.0475
1.0383
1.0486
1.0374
1.0780
1.0693
1.0668
1.0419
1.0672
1.0489
1.1018
1.0787
1.0763
1.0508
1.0636
1.0545
1.1819
1.1003
1.1287
1.1614
1.0930
1.0773
1.0811
1.1165
1.1244
1.1703
1.2078
1.0452

kzz
1.1186
1.1112
1.1331
1.1156
1.0766
1.0795
1.1156
1.1027
1.0966
1.0369
1.0827
1.0371
1.0812
1.0723
1.0677
1.0413
1.0512
1.0427
1.0542
1.0656
1.0609
1.0384
1.0510
1.0365
1.0743
1.0720
1.0679
1.0310
1.0629
1.0366
1.0376
1.0377
1.0377
1.0306
1.0386
1.0284
1.0714
1.0634
1.0612
1.0390
1.0615
1.0431
1.1018
1.0787
1.0763
1.0508
1.0636
1.0545
1.1334
1.0736
1.0944
1.1191
1.0683
1.0773
1.0590
1.0842
1.0900
1.1253
1.1503
1.0138

interaction factors

kyy [-]
1.119
1.111
1.133
1.116
1.077
1.080
1.116
1.103
1.097
1.031
1.083
1.031
1.081
1.072
1.068
1.041
1.051
1.043
1.054
1.066
1.061
1.038
1.051
1.036
1.074
1.072
1.068
1.031
1.063
1.030
1.030
1.030
1.030
1.031
1.030
1.028
1.055
1.048
1.047
1.039
1.047
1.043
1.102
1.079
1.076
1.051
1.064
1.054
1.107
1.059
1.076
1.119
1.055
1.077
1.059
1.068
1.073
1.125
1.121
1.014

kzz [-]
1.119
1.111
1.133
1.116
1.077
1.080
1.116
1.103
1.097
1.031
1.083
1.031
1.081
1.072
1.068
1.041
1.051
1.043
1.054
1.066
1.061
1.038
1.051
1.036
1.074
1.072
1.068
1.031
1.063
1.030
1.030
1.030
1.030
1.031
1.030
1.028
1.055
1.048
1.047
1.039
1.047
1.043
1.102
1.079
1.076
1.051
1.064
1.054
1.107
1.059
1.076
1.119
1.055
1.077
1.059
1.068
1.073
1.125
1.121
1.014

kyz [-]
0.671
0.667
0.680
0.669
0.646
0.648
0.669
0.662
0.658
1.031
0.650
1.031
0.649
0.643
0.641
0.625
0.631
0.626
0.632
0.639
0.637
0.623
0.631
0.622
0.645
0.643
0.641
0.619
0.638
1.030
1.030
1.030
1.030
0.618
1.030
0.617
1.055
1.048
1.047
0.623
1.047
0.626
0.661
0.647
0.646
0.630
0.638
0.633
1.107
1.059
1.076
0.671
1.055
0.646
0.635
1.068
1.073
0.675
1.121
0.608

max./ min. inner forces and moments

kzy [-]
0.671
0.667
0.680
0.669
0.646
0.648
0.669
0.662
0.658
0.825
0.650
0.825
0.649
0.643
0.641
0.625
0.631
0.626
0.632
0.639
0.637
0.623
0.631
0.622
0.645
0.643
0.641
0.619
0.638
0.824
0.824
0.824
0.824
0.618
0.824
0.617
0.844
0.839
0.837
0.623
0.838
0.626
0.661
0.647
0.646
0.630
0.638
0.633
0.886
0.847
0.861
0.671
0.844
0.646
0.635
0.854
0.858
0.675
0.897
0.608

in buckling analysis considered forces


and moments

max Mlok [kNm] NEd [kN]


My,Ed [kNm] Mz,Ed [kNm]
max N [kN] min N [kN]max Mglob [kNm]
278.0
-564.0
371.0
0.0
564
371
0
275.0
-529.0
368.1
0.0
529
368
0
289.0
-535.0
184.9
0.0
535
185
0
160.0
-465.0
329.9
0.0
465
330
0
82.0
-308.0
360.2
0.0
308
360
0
134.0
-473.0
550.1
0.0
473
550
0
266.0
-546.0
379.2
0.0
546
379
0
247.0
-485.0
379.0
0.0
485
379
0
227.0
-456.0
379.0
0.0
456
379
0
133.0
-436.0
704.3
0.0
436
704
0
94.0
-330.0
363.6
0.0
330
364
0
87.0
-446.0
735.8
0.0
446
736
0
225.0
-511.0
915.1
0.0
511
915
0
206.0
-455.0
921.9
0.0
455
922
0
185.0
-426.0
920.9
0.0
426
921
0
111.0
-418.0
1720.2
0.0
418
1720
0
83.0
-322.0
897.2
0.0
322
897
0
77.0
-437.0
1902.6
0.0
437
1903
0
130.0
-431.0
994.2
0.0
431
994
0
132.0
-399.0
975.1
0.0
399
975
0
107.0
-370.0
974.1
0.0
370
974
0
63.0
-375.0
1823.4
0.0
375
1823
0
55.0
-310.0
949.6
0.0
310
950
0
78.0
-425.0
2077.1
0.0
425
2077
0
57.0
-361.0
511.1
0.0
361
511
0
65.0
-350.0
526.5
0.0
350
526
0
46.0
-330.0
526.5
0.0
330
526
0
29.0
-337.0
952.6
0.0
337
953
0
24.0
-306.0
516.3
0.0
306
516
0
19.0
-349.0
903.9
0.0
349
904
0
2.0
-303.0
583.1
0.0
303
583
0
2.0
-304.0
603.5
0.0
304
603
0
2.0
-304.0
597.5
0.0
304
597
0
1.0
-304.0
993.5
0.0
304
994
0
-1.0
-311.0
567.4
0.0
311
567
0
-1.0
-306.0
966.7
0.0
306
967
0
114.0
-453.0
730.0
0.0
453
730
0
74.0
-402.0
728.3
0.0
402
728
0
67.0
-388.0
728.3
0.0
388
728
0
48.0
-395.0
1322.2
0.0
395
1322
0
67.0
-390.0
712.8
0.0
390
713
0
199.0
-480.0
1285.4
0.0
480
1285
0
362.0
-768.0
1198.1
0.0
768
1198
0
216.0
-594.0
1168.9
0.0
594
1169
0
215.0
-576.0
1168.9
0.0
576
1169
0
157.0
-554.0
2163.3
0.0
554
2163
0
58.0
-480.0
1125.7
0.0
480
1126
0
308.0
-539.0
1931.0
0.0
539
1931
0
1244.0
-1220.0
541.1
0.0
1220
541
0
355.0
-673.0
530.7
0.0
673
531
0
437.0
-863.0
530.7
0.0
863
531
0
822.0
-1341.0
981.2
0.0
1341
981
0
115.0
-624.0
558.9
0.0
624
559
0
836.0
-824.0
1681.0
0.0
824
1681
0
351.0
-679.0
557.5
0.0
679
558
0
591.0
-787.0
553.5
0.0
787
554
0
423.0
-841.0
553.5
0.0
841
554
0
1128.0
-1874.0
997.2
0.0
1874
997
0
601.0
-1404.0
498.3
0.0
1404
498
0
970.0
-804.0
316.9
0.0
804
317
0

capacity of cross-section

NRk [kN]
My,Rk [kNm] Mz,Rk [kNm]
5958
845
845
5958
845
845
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
7398
1042
1042
5958
845
845
5958
845
845
5958
845
845
8003
1173
1173
4987
710
710
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
13160
2472
2472
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
19406
3586
3586
6638
1048
1048
6638
1048
1048
6638
1048
1048
9954
1886
1886
6638
1048
1048
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
13160
2472
2472
13160
2472
2472
13160
2472
2472
19406
3586
3586
13160
2472
2472
16311
3039
3039
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039

buckling analysis - part 1

NEd/(cy*NRk/gM1kyy*My,Ed/(cLT*M
kyz*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
0.163
0.153
0.184
0.160
0.106
0.110
0.158
0.140
0.132
0.075
0.114
0.076
0.102
0.090
0.085
0.052
0.064
0.053
0.068
0.082
0.076
0.048
0.064
0.046
0.097
0.094
0.089
0.051
0.082
0.064
0.059
0.059
0.059
0.048
0.061
0.047
0.098
0.087
0.084
0.052
0.084
0.061
0.127
0.098
0.095
0.064
0.079
0.068
0.227
0.125
0.161
0.202
0.116
0.097
0.101
0.146
0.156
0.213
0.260
0.056

0.491
0.484
0.295
0.518
0.546
0.570
0.501
0.495
0.492
0.619
0.554
0.647
0.525
0.524
0.521
0.589
0.500
0.653
0.424
0.551
0.548
0.623
0.529
0.600
0.524
0.538
0.536
0.521
0.524
0.793
0.512
0.530
0.524
0.543
0.498
0.527
0.656
0.651
0.650
0.556
0.636
0.542
0.534
0.510
0.509
0.634
0.484
0.670
0.511
0.479
0.487
0.582
0.502
0.596
0.313
0.504
0.506
0.454
0.476
0.106

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

utilisation grade buckling


analysis

buckling analysis - part 2

0.654
0.637
0.479
0.678
0.652
0.680
0.659
0.635
0.624
0.694
0.668
0.723
0.626
0.615
0.606
0.641
0.564
0.706
0.492
0.633
0.624
0.671
0.593
0.646
0.621
0.633
0.625
0.572
0.606
0.857
0.571
0.589
0.584
0.591
0.559
0.574
0.754
0.737
0.733
0.608
0.720
0.603
0.661
0.608
0.604
0.697
0.564
0.738
0.738
0.604
0.647
0.784
0.619
0.692
0.414
0.649
0.662
0.667
0.736
0.162

NEd/(cz*NRk/g*M
*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
M1 y,Ed/(cLT*My,Rk
0.163
0.153
0.184
0.160
0.106
0.110
0.158
0.140
0.132
0.075
0.114
0.076
0.102
0.090
0.085
0.052
0.064
0.053
0.068
0.082
0.076
0.048
0.064
0.046
0.097
0.094
0.089
0.051
0.082
0.064
0.059
0.059
0.059
0.048
0.061
0.047
0.098
0.087
0.084
0.052
0.084
0.061
0.127
0.098
0.095
0.064
0.079
0.068
0.227
0.125
0.161
0.202
0.116
0.097
0.101
0.146
0.156
0.213
0.260
0.056

0.295
0.291
0.177
0.311
0.328
0.342
0.301
0.297
0.295
0.495
0.333
0.517
0.315
0.315
0.313
0.354
0.300
0.392
0.254
0.331
0.329
0.374
0.318
0.360
0.314
0.323
0.322
0.313
0.314
0.635
0.409
0.424
0.419
0.326
0.399
0.316
0.525
0.521
0.520
0.333
0.509
0.325
0.320
0.306
0.305
0.380
0.291
0.402
0.409
0.383
0.389
0.349
0.402
0.358
0.188
0.403
0.405
0.272
0.381
0.063

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.457
0.443
0.361
0.470
0.433
0.452
0.458
0.437
0.427
0.570
0.446
0.593
0.416
0.405
0.398
0.405
0.364
0.445
0.322
0.413
0.405
0.422
0.381
0.406
0.411
0.417
0.411
0.364
0.396
0.699
0.468
0.483
0.479
0.374
0.459
0.363
0.622
0.607
0.603
0.386
0.593
0.387
0.448
0.404
0.401
0.444
0.370
0.470
0.636
0.509
0.550
0.551
0.518
0.454
0.289
0.549
0.560
0.485
0.641
0.120

0.654
0.637
0.479
0.678
0.652
0.680
0.659
0.635
0.624
0.694
0.668
0.723
0.626
0.615
0.606
0.641
0.564
0.706
0.492
0.633
0.624
0.671
0.593
0.646
0.621
0.633
0.625
0.572
0.606
0.857
0.571
0.589
0.584
0.591
0.559
0.574
0.754
0.737
0.733
0.608
0.720
0.603
0.661
0.608
0.604
0.697
0.564
0.738
0.738
0.604
0.647
0.784
0.619
0.692
0.414
0.649
0.662
0.667
0.736
0.162

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

Md = (max
Nd =
2
maxmin N;
My +
2 0,5
max N
minMz )
[kN]
564
529
535
465
308
473
546
485
456
436
330
446
511
455
426
418
322
437
431
399
370
375
310
425
361
350
330
337
306
349
303
304
304
304
311
306
453
402
388
395
390
480
768
594
576
554
480
539
1244
673
863
1341
624
836
679
787
841
1874
1404
970

[kNm]
371
368
185
330
360
550
379
379
379
704
364
736
915
922
921
1720
897
1903
994
975
974
1823
950
2077
511
526
526
953
516
904
583
603
597
994
567
967
730
728
728
1322
713
1285
1198
1169
1169
2163
1126
1931
541
531
531
981
559
1681
558
554
554
997
498
317

Nd/A

Md/Wel

[kN/cm ]
3.36
3.15
3.81
3.31
2.19
2.27
3.25
2.89
2.72
1.93
2.35
1.98
1.82
1.62
1.52
0.91
1.15
0.95
1.16
1.42
1.32
0.82
1.11
0.78
1.93
1.87
1.76
1.20
1.64
1.55
1.34
1.35
1.35
1.08
1.38
1.09
2.01
1.78
1.72
1.07
1.73
1.29
2.07
1.60
1.55
1.01
1.29
1.17
5.52
2.99
3.83
4.78
2.77
1.82
2.42
3.49
3.73
5.06
6.23
2.11

[kN/cm ]
20.38
20.22
12.03
21.46
23.43
24.66
20.83
20.82
20.82
21.31
23.66
22.26
22.48
22.65
22.62
26.65
22.04
29.47
18.78
23.95
23.93
28.24
23.33
27.49
22.56
23.24
23.24
23.40
22.79
27.35
17.64
18.26
18.08
24.41
17.17
23.75
22.09
22.03
22.03
24.97
21.57
24.28
22.63
22.08
22.08
28.63
21.26
29.91
16.37
16.06
16.06
24.10
16.91
26.04
13.70
16.75
16.75
18.83
15.08
4.91

sd

sd/(fyk/gM0)

[kN/cm ]
23.74
23.37
15.84
24.77
25.63
26.93
24.08
23.71
23.54
23.24
26.00
24.24
24.30
24.27
24.14
27.56
23.19
30.42
19.94
25.38
25.25
29.06
24.43
28.26
24.49
25.11
25.01
24.60
24.43
28.89
18.99
19.61
19.43
25.49
18.55
24.84
24.10
23.82
23.76
26.04
23.30
25.57
24.70
23.68
23.63
29.64
22.56
31.08
21.89
19.04
19.88
28.89
19.68
27.86
16.12
20.24
20.48
23.89
21.30
7.02

[-]
0.669
0.658
0.446
0.698
0.722
0.759
0.678
0.668
0.663
0.655
0.733
0.683
0.685
0.684
0.680
0.776
0.653
0.857
0.562
0.715
0.711
0.819
0.688
0.796
0.690
0.707
0.704
0.693
0.688
0.814
0.535
0.552
0.547
0.718
0.522
0.700
0.679
0.671
0.669
0.733
0.656
0.720
0.696
0.667
0.666
0.835
0.635
0.876
0.617
0.536
0.560
0.814
0.554
0.785
0.454
0.570
0.577
0.673
0.600
0.198

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

INDEX

Axis Row N min


[-]

6401
6402
6403
6404
6405
6406
6501
6502
6503
6504
6505
6506
6601
6602
6603
6604
6605
6606
6701
6702
6703
6704
6705
6706
6801
6802
6803
6804
6805
6806
6901
6902
6903
6904
6905
6906
7001
7002
7003
7004
7005
7006
7103
7104
7105
7106
7203
7204
7205
7206
8103
8104
8105
8106
8201
8202
8203
8204
8205
8206

[-]
64
64
64
64
64
64
65
65
65
65
65
65
66
66
66
66
66
66
67
67
67
67
67
67
68
68
68
68
68
68
69
69
69
69
69
69
70
70
70
70
70
70
71
71
71
71
72
72
72
72
81
81
81
81
82
82
82
82
82
82

[KN]
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
3
4
5
6
3
4
5
6
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6

N max Mglob

[KN]
-823
496
-692
275
-614
291
-598
219
-309
343
-854
182
-616
298
-540
171
-487
174
-482
131
-316
214
-641
110
-492
177
-445
106
-418
108
-410
73
-312
128
-465
50
-304
2
-305
2
-305
2
-304
2
-308
1
-304
1
-405
139
-353
44
-378
104
-368
24
-298
64
-380
50
-444
217
-420
84
-425
170
-411
26
-335
134
-466
119
-1089
269
-753
256
-469
516
-470
22
-380
309
-564
194
-388
488
-842
120
-374
424
-1729
705
-352
419
-813
99
-347
476
-349
6998
-385
534
-858
73
-362
445
-1852
888
-1015
341
-742
304
-460
550
-475
16
-368
340
-548
194

Mlok

member
length

[KNm] [KNm] L [m]


170 933.89
17.274
168 937.35
17.274
128 937.35
17.274
204 1704.2
17.274
621 334.43
17.274
190 1554.9
16.536
75.007 648.61
14.562
74.007 664.1
14.562
74.007 664.1
14.562
116 1210.6
14.562
427 233.82
14.562
83.006 1090.4
14.052
100 708.3
15.474
99.005 724.44
15.474
99.005 724.44
15.474
130 1357.8
15.474
484 238.61
15.474
120 1245.3
14.85
108.24 466.51
13.074
112.25 469.92
13.074
112.25 466.51
13.074
97.417 876.67
13.074
325.81 182.86
13.074
95.131 803.04
12.576
109 782.79
16.23
109 783.66
16.23
109 783.66
16.23
178 1402
16.23
551 269.88
16.23
175 1459.4
16.116
110 777.11
16.35
111 793.58
16.35
111 793.58
16.35
146 1423.1
16.35
557 273.79
16.35
177 1478.9
16.23
13.038 170.82
7.686
13.038 176.01
7.686
13.038 176.01
7.686
19.026 314.36
7.686
112 59.908
7.686
23.022 302.37
7.362
15.033 182.41
8.586
18.028 344.48
8.112
124 67.119
8.112
24.021 348.5
8.064
25.02 255.88
10.686
41.012 590.73
10.704
214.01 116.21
10.704
131.65 262.69
10.626
15.033 182.41
8.586
18.028 344.48
8.112
124 67.119
8.112
24.021 348.5
8.064
13.038 170.82
7.686
13.038 176.01
7.686
13.038 176.01
7.686
19.026 314.36
7.686
111 59.908
7.686
23.022 302.37
7.362

buckling length factors


by [-]
bz [-]
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

cross-sectionno.
("manually
chosen;
redesign) diameter
[-]

D [mm]
6020
6020
6015
6025
6015
6025
6012
6012
6012
6020
6012
6015
6015
6015
6015
6020
6012
6020
6012
6012
6012
6012
6012
6015
6015
6015
6015
6025
6015
6025
6015
6015
6015
6020
6015
6025
4510
4510
4510
4515
4510
6015
4510
4512
4510
6012
4510
6012
4510
6020
4510
4512
4510
6012
4510
4510
4510
4515
4510
6015

610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
610
457.2
610
457.2
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
610

thickness

area

T [mm]

A [cm2]
20
20
15
25
15
25
12
12
12
20
12
15
15
15
15
20
12
20
12
12
12
12
12
15
15
15
15
25
15
25
15
15
15
20
15
25
10
10
10
15
10
15
10
12
10
12
10
12
10
20
10
12
10
12
10
10
10
15
10
15

moment of
inertia
371
371
280
459
280
459
225
225
225
371
225
280
280
280
280
371
225
371
225
225
225
225
225
280
280
280
280
459
280
459
280
280
280
371
280
459
140
140
140
208
140
280
140
168
140
225
140
225
140
371
140
168
140
225
140
140
140
208
140
280

Iy=Iz [cm4]
161490
161490
124159
196906
124159
196906
100814
100814
100814
161490
100814
124159
124159
124159
124159
161490
100814
161490
100814
100814
100814
100814
100814
124159
124159
124159
124159
196906
124159
196906
124159
124159
124159
161490
124159
196906
35138
35138
35138
50993
35138
124159
35138
41612
35138
100814
35138
100814
35138
161490
35138
41612
35138
100814
35138
35138
35138
50993
35138
124159

E-modulus

strength
fyk [N/mm2]
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

E [N/mm2]
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000

buckling
curve

imperfection
factor
a [-]

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49

classification of cross-section
D/T [-]
30.5
30.5
40.7
24.4
40.7
24.4
50.8
50.8
50.8
30.5
50.8
40.7
40.7
40.7
40.7
30.5
50.8
30.5
50.8
50.8
50.8
50.8
50.8
40.7
40.7
40.7
40.7
24.4
40.7
24.4
40.7
40.7
40.7
30.5
40.7
24.4
45.7
45.7
45.7
30.5
45.7
40.7
45.7
38.1
45.7
50.8
45.7
50.8
45.7
30.5
45.7
38.1
45.7
50.8
45.7
45.7
45.7
30.5
45.7
40.7

elastic or plastic
design
resistances

section-class
1
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.

plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic

in buckling
analysis
considered
section
modulus
W [cm3]
6965
6965
5312
8561
5312
8561
3305
3305
3305
6965
3305
5312
5312
5312
5312
6965
3305
6965
3305
3305
3305
3305
3305
5312
5312
5312
5312
8561
5312
8561
5312
5312
5312
6965
5312
8561
2000
2000
2000
2934
2000
5312
2000
2379
2000
3305
2000
3305
2000
6965
2000
2379
2000
3305
2000
2000
2000
2934
2000
5312

elastic
section
modulus
Wel [cm3]
5295
5295
4071
6456
4071
6456
3305
3305
3305
5295
3305
4071
4071
4071
4071
5295
3305
5295
3305
3305
3305
3305
3305
4071
4071
4071
4071
6456
4071
6456
4071
4071
4071
5295
4071
6456
1537
1537
1537
2231
1537
4071
1537
1820
1537
3305
1537
3305
1537
5295
1537
1820
1537
3305
1537
1537
1537
2231
1537
4071

buckling length

Lcr,y [m]
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
16.54
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.05
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
14.85
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
12.58
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.12
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.23
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.36
8.59
8.11
8.11
8.06
10.69
10.70
10.70
10.63
8.59
8.11
8.11
8.06
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.36

Lcr,z[m]
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
17.27
16.54
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.56
14.05
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
15.47
14.85
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
13.07
12.58
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.23
16.12
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.35
16.23
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.36
8.59
8.11
8.11
8.06
10.69
10.70
10.70
10.63
8.59
8.11
8.11
8.06
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.36

elastic flexural buckling


force
Ncr,y [kN]
11217
11217
8624
13677
8624
14925
9854
9854
9854
15784
9854
13032
10747
10747
10747
13978
8726
15178
12224
12224
12224
12224
12224
16271
9769
9769
9769
15493
9769
15713
9626
9626
9626
12521
9626
15493
12328
12328
12328
17891
12328
47479
9879
13106
11067
32132
6378
18237
6356
29643
9879
13106
11067
32132
12328
12328
12328
17891
12328
47479

Ncr,z [kN]
11217
11217
8624
13677
8624
14925
9854
9854
9854
15784
9854
13032
10747
10747
10747
13978
8726
15178
12224
12224
12224
12224
12224
16271
9769
9769
9769
15493
9769
15713
9626
9626
9626
12521
9626
15493
12328
12328
12328
17891
12328
47479
9879
13106
11067
32132
6378
18237
6356
29643
9879
13106
11067
32132
12328
12328
12328
17891
12328
47479

slenderness for flexural


buckling
ly [-]
1.083
1.083
1.074
1.092
1.074
1.045
0.901
0.901
0.901
0.913
0.901
0.874
0.962
0.962
0.962
0.970
0.958
0.931
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.782
1.009
1.009
1.009
1.026
1.009
1.019
1.017
1.017
1.017
1.025
1.017
1.026
0.636
0.636
0.636
0.643
0.636
0.458
0.711
0.674
0.671
0.499
0.884
0.662
0.886
0.666
0.711
0.674
0.671
0.499
0.636
0.636
0.636
0.643
0.636
0.458

lz [-]
1.083
1.083
1.074
1.092
1.074
1.045
0.901
0.901
0.901
0.913
0.901
0.874
0.962
0.962
0.962
0.970
0.958
0.931
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.809
0.782
1.009
1.009
1.009
1.026
1.009
1.019
1.017
1.017
1.017
1.025
1.017
1.026
0.636
0.636
0.636
0.643
0.636
0.458
0.711
0.674
0.671
0.499
0.884
0.662
0.886
0.666
0.711
0.674
0.671
0.499
0.636
0.636
0.636
0.643
0.636
0.458

red. factor
torsional
buckl.

reduction factor for flexural buckling

fy [-]
1.3030
1.3030
1.2913
1.3148
1.2913
1.2535
1.0779
1.0779
1.0779
1.0916
1.0779
1.0470
1.1499
1.1499
1.1499
1.1595
1.1442
1.1127
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9485
1.2077
1.2077
1.2077
1.2288
1.2077
1.2196
1.2171
1.2171
1.2171
1.2277
1.2171
1.2288
0.8091
0.8091
0.8091
0.8153
0.8091
0.6680
0.8775
0.8435
0.8408
0.6978
1.0587
0.8327
1.0603
0.8362
0.8775
0.8435
0.8408
0.6978
0.8091
0.8091
0.8091
0.8153
0.8091
0.6680

cy [-]
0.4933
0.4933
0.4981
0.4885
0.4981
0.5141
0.5991
0.5991
0.5991
0.5918
0.5991
0.6159
0.5621
0.5621
0.5621
0.5574
0.5649
0.5808
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6734
0.5345
0.5345
0.5345
0.5250
0.5345
0.5291
0.5302
0.5302
0.5302
0.5254
0.5302
0.5250
0.7638
0.7638
0.7638
0.7596
0.7638
0.8663
0.7182
0.7406
0.7424
0.8435
0.6095
0.7478
0.6086
0.7454
0.7182
0.7406
0.7424
0.8435
0.7638
0.7638
0.7638
0.7596
0.7638
0.8663

fz [-]
1.3030
1.3030
1.2913
1.3148
1.2913
1.2535
1.0779
1.0779
1.0779
1.0916
1.0779
1.0470
1.1499
1.1499
1.1499
1.1595
1.1442
1.1127
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9766
0.9485
1.2077
1.2077
1.2077
1.2288
1.2077
1.2196
1.2171
1.2171
1.2171
1.2277
1.2171
1.2288
0.8091
0.8091
0.8091
0.8153
0.8091
0.6680
0.8775
0.8435
0.8408
0.6978
1.0587
0.8327
1.0603
0.8362
0.8775
0.8435
0.8408
0.6978
0.8091
0.8091
0.8091
0.8153
0.8091
0.6680

cz [-]
0.4933
0.4933
0.4981
0.4885
0.4981
0.5141
0.5991
0.5991
0.5991
0.5918
0.5991
0.6159
0.5621
0.5621
0.5621
0.5574
0.5649
0.5808
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6564
0.6734
0.5345
0.5345
0.5345
0.5250
0.5345
0.5291
0.5302
0.5302
0.5302
0.5254
0.5302
0.5250
0.7638
0.7638
0.7638
0.7596
0.7638
0.8663
0.7182
0.7406
0.7424
0.8435
0.6095
0.7478
0.6086
0.7454
0.7182
0.7406
0.7424
0.8435
0.7638
0.7638
0.7638
0.7596
0.7638
0.8663

cLT [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

moment coefficients

cmy [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

cmz [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 3

kyy,1
1.0824
1.0693
1.0798
1.0492
1.0402
1.0639
1.0695
1.0609
1.0549
1.0339
1.0356
1.0548
1.0508
1.0459
1.0431
1.0325
1.0397
1.0340
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0213
1.0461
1.0402
1.0430
1.0265
1.0339
1.0269
1.0513
1.0486
1.0491
1.0366
1.0387
1.0335
1.1091
1.0754
1.0470
1.0323
1.0381
1.0180
1.0462
1.0772
1.0407
1.0767
1.0614
1.0540
1.0608
1.0142
1.0458
1.0787
1.0394
1.0821
1.1017
1.0743
1.0461
1.0326
1.0369
1.0175

kyy,2
1.0761
1.0640
1.0743
1.0450
1.0374
1.0611
1.0771
1.0676
1.0609
1.0371
1.0395
1.0627
1.0528
1.0477
1.0448
1.0335
1.0414
1.0365
1.0347
1.0348
1.0348
1.0347
1.0352
1.0272
1.0457
1.0398
1.0426
1.0258
1.0336
1.0264
1.0505
1.0477
1.0483
1.0357
1.0381
1.0327
1.1715
1.1186
1.0739
1.0502
1.0599
1.0392
1.0650
1.1145
1.0606
1.1537
1.0695
1.0815
1.0686
1.0213
1.0645
1.1167
1.0587
1.1646
1.1599
1.1169
1.0725
1.0507
1.0580
1.0381

kyy
1.0761
1.0640
1.0743
1.0450
1.0374
1.0611
1.0695
1.0609
1.0549
1.0339
1.0356
1.0548
1.0508
1.0459
1.0431
1.0325
1.0397
1.0340
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0213
1.0457
1.0398
1.0426
1.0258
1.0336
1.0264
1.0505
1.0477
1.0483
1.0357
1.0381
1.0327
1.1091
1.0754
1.0470
1.0323
1.0381
1.0180
1.0462
1.0772
1.0407
1.0767
1.0614
1.0540
1.0608
1.0142
1.0458
1.0787
1.0394
1.0821
1.1017
1.0743
1.0461
1.0326
1.0369
1.0175

kzz,1
1.0824
1.0693
1.0798
1.0492
1.0402
1.0639
1.0695
1.0609
1.0549
1.0339
1.0356
1.0548
1.0508
1.0459
1.0431
1.0325
1.0397
1.0340
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0213
1.0461
1.0402
1.0430
1.0265
1.0339
1.0269
1.0513
1.0486
1.0491
1.0366
1.0387
1.0335
1.1091
1.0754
1.0470
1.0323
1.0381
1.0180
1.0462
1.0772
1.0407
1.0767
1.0614
1.0540
1.0608
1.0142
1.0458
1.0787
1.0394
1.0821
1.1017
1.0743
1.0461
1.0326
1.0369
1.0175

kzz,2
1.0761
1.0640
1.0743
1.0450
1.0374
1.0611
1.0771
1.0676
1.0609
1.0371
1.0395
1.0627
1.0528
1.0477
1.0448
1.0335
1.0414
1.0365
1.0347
1.0348
1.0348
1.0347
1.0352
1.0272
1.0457
1.0398
1.0426
1.0258
1.0336
1.0264
1.0505
1.0477
1.0483
1.0357
1.0381
1.0327
1.1715
1.1186
1.0739
1.0502
1.0599
1.0392
1.0650
1.1145
1.0606
1.1537
1.0695
1.0815
1.0686
1.0213
1.0645
1.1167
1.0587
1.1646
1.1599
1.1169
1.0725
1.0507
1.0580
1.0381

kzz
1.0761
1.0640
1.0743
1.0450
1.0374
1.0611
1.0695
1.0609
1.0549
1.0339
1.0356
1.0548
1.0508
1.0459
1.0431
1.0325
1.0397
1.0340
1.0281
1.0282
1.0282
1.0281
1.0285
1.0213
1.0457
1.0398
1.0426
1.0258
1.0336
1.0264
1.0505
1.0477
1.0483
1.0357
1.0381
1.0327
1.1091
1.0754
1.0470
1.0323
1.0381
1.0180
1.0462
1.0772
1.0407
1.0767
1.0614
1.0540
1.0608
1.0142
1.0458
1.0787
1.0394
1.0821
1.1017
1.0743
1.0461
1.0326
1.0369
1.0175

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 1 and 2

kyy,1
1.1120
1.0941
1.1083
1.0670
1.0545
1.0861
1.0901
1.0790
1.0712
1.0441
1.0462
1.0705
1.0670
1.0606
1.0570
1.0431
1.0523
1.0445
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0264
1.0616
1.0537
1.0575
1.0355
1.0453
1.0361
1.0687
1.0650
1.0658
1.0490
1.0519
1.0450
1.1246
1.0862
1.0537
1.0371
1.0435
1.0169
1.0553
1.0905
1.0476
1.0766
1.0792
1.0628
1.0784
1.0166
1.0549
1.0922
1.0461
1.0820
1.1162
1.0849
1.0527
1.0375
1.0421
1.0164

kyy,2
1.1014
1.0853
1.0991
1.0600
1.0499
1.0815
1.1028
1.0901
1.0813
1.0495
1.0527
1.0836
1.0704
1.0636
1.0598
1.0447
1.0552
1.0487
1.0463
1.0464
1.0464
1.0463
1.0469
1.0363
1.0609
1.0531
1.0568
1.0344
1.0448
1.0352
1.0673
1.0637
1.0644
1.0475
1.0508
1.0435
1.2287
1.1581
1.0985
1.0669
1.0798
1.0523
1.0867
1.1527
1.0808
1.2049
1.0926
1.1087
1.0915
1.0285
1.0860
1.1556
1.0782
1.2195
1.2132
1.1558
1.0966
1.0676
1.0773
1.0508

kyy
1.1014
1.0853
1.0991
1.0600
1.0499
1.0815
1.0901
1.0790
1.0712
1.0441
1.0462
1.0705
1.0670
1.0606
1.0570
1.0431
1.0523
1.0445
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0264
1.0609
1.0531
1.0568
1.0344
1.0448
1.0352
1.0673
1.0637
1.0644
1.0475
1.0508
1.0435
1.1246
1.0862
1.0537
1.0371
1.0435
1.0169
1.0553
1.0905
1.0476
1.0766
1.0792
1.0628
1.0784
1.0166
1.0549
1.0922
1.0461
1.0820
1.1162
1.0849
1.0527
1.0375
1.0421
1.0164

kzz,1
1.1120
1.0941
1.1083
1.0670
1.0545
1.0861
1.0901
1.0790
1.0712
1.0441
1.0462
1.0705
1.0670
1.0606
1.0570
1.0431
1.0523
1.0445
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0264
1.0616
1.0537
1.0575
1.0355
1.0453
1.0361
1.0687
1.0650
1.0658
1.0490
1.0519
1.0450
1.1246
1.0862
1.0537
1.0371
1.0435
1.0169
1.0553
1.0905
1.0476
1.0766
1.0792
1.0628
1.0784
1.0166
1.0549
1.0922
1.0461
1.0820
1.1162
1.0849
1.0527
1.0375
1.0421
1.0164

kzz,2
1.1014
1.0853
1.0991
1.0600
1.0499
1.0815
1.1028
1.0901
1.0813
1.0495
1.0527
1.0836
1.0704
1.0636
1.0598
1.0447
1.0552
1.0487
1.0463
1.0464
1.0464
1.0463
1.0469
1.0363
1.0609
1.0531
1.0568
1.0344
1.0448
1.0352
1.0673
1.0637
1.0644
1.0475
1.0508
1.0435
1.2287
1.1581
1.0985
1.0669
1.0798
1.0523
1.0867
1.1527
1.0808
1.2049
1.0926
1.1087
1.0915
1.0285
1.0860
1.1556
1.0782
1.2195
1.2132
1.1558
1.0966
1.0676
1.0773
1.0508

kzz
1.1014
1.0853
1.0991
1.0600
1.0499
1.0815
1.0901
1.0790
1.0712
1.0441
1.0462
1.0705
1.0670
1.0606
1.0570
1.0431
1.0523
1.0445
1.0352
1.0354
1.0354
1.0352
1.0357
1.0264
1.0609
1.0531
1.0568
1.0344
1.0448
1.0352
1.0673
1.0637
1.0644
1.0475
1.0508
1.0435
1.1246
1.0862
1.0537
1.0371
1.0435
1.0169
1.0553
1.0905
1.0476
1.0766
1.0792
1.0628
1.0784
1.0166
1.0549
1.0922
1.0461
1.0820
1.1162
1.0849
1.0527
1.0375
1.0421
1.0164

interaction factors

kyy [-]
1.101
1.085
1.099
1.060
1.050
1.081
1.069
1.061
1.055
1.044
1.036
1.070
1.067
1.061
1.057
1.043
1.040
1.044
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.026
1.061
1.053
1.057
1.034
1.045
1.035
1.067
1.064
1.064
1.048
1.051
1.044
1.125
1.086
1.054
1.037
1.043
1.017
1.055
1.090
1.048
1.077
1.079
1.054
1.078
1.017
1.055
1.092
1.046
1.082
1.116
1.085
1.053
1.037
1.042
1.016

kzz [-]
1.101
1.085
1.099
1.060
1.050
1.081
1.069
1.061
1.055
1.044
1.036
1.070
1.067
1.061
1.057
1.043
1.040
1.044
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.026
1.061
1.053
1.057
1.034
1.045
1.035
1.067
1.064
1.064
1.048
1.051
1.044
1.125
1.086
1.054
1.037
1.043
1.017
1.055
1.090
1.048
1.077
1.079
1.054
1.078
1.017
1.055
1.092
1.046
1.082
1.116
1.085
1.053
1.037
1.042
1.016

kyz [-]
0.661
0.651
0.659
0.636
0.630
0.649
1.069
1.061
1.055
0.626
1.036
0.642
0.640
0.636
0.634
0.626
1.040
0.627
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
1.028
0.616
0.637
0.632
0.634
0.621
0.627
0.621
0.640
0.638
0.639
0.629
0.630
0.626
0.675
0.652
0.632
0.622
0.626
0.610
0.633
0.654
0.629
1.077
0.648
1.054
0.647
0.610
0.633
0.655
0.628
1.082
0.670
0.651
0.632
0.622
0.625
0.610

max./ min. inner forces and moments

kzy [-]
0.661
0.651
0.659
0.636
0.630
0.649
0.856
0.849
0.844
0.626
0.829
0.642
0.640
0.636
0.634
0.626
0.832
0.627
0.822
0.823
0.823
0.822
0.823
0.616
0.637
0.632
0.634
0.621
0.627
0.621
0.640
0.638
0.639
0.629
0.630
0.626
0.675
0.652
0.632
0.622
0.626
0.610
0.633
0.654
0.629
0.861
0.648
0.843
0.647
0.610
0.633
0.655
0.628
0.866
0.670
0.651
0.632
0.622
0.625
0.610

in buckling analysis considered forces


and moments

max Mlok [kNm] NEd [kN]


My,Ed [kNm] Mz,Ed [kNm]
max N [kN] min N [kN]max Mglob [kNm]
496.0
-823.0
1103.9
0.0
823
1104
0
275.0
-692.0
1105.4
0.0
692
1105
0
291.0
-614.0
1065.4
0.0
614
1065
0
219.0
-598.0
1908.2
0.0
598
1908
0
343.0
-309.0
955.4
0.0
309
955
0
182.0
-854.0
1744.9
0.0
854
1745
0
298.0
-616.0
723.6
0.0
616
724
0
171.0
-540.0
738.1
0.0
540
738
0
174.0
-487.0
738.1
0.0
487
738
0
131.0
-482.0
1326.7
0.0
482
1327
0
214.0
-316.0
660.8
0.0
316
661
0
110.0
-641.0
1173.4
0.0
641
1173
0
177.0
-492.0
808.3
0.0
492
808
0
106.0
-445.0
823.4
0.0
445
823
0
108.0
-418.0
823.4
0.0
418
823
0
73.0
-410.0
1487.8
0.0
410
1488
0
128.0
-312.0
722.6
0.0
312
723
0
50.0
-465.0
1365.3
0.0
465
1365
0
2.0
-304.0
574.8
0.0
304
575
0
2.0
-305.0
582.2
0.0
305
582
0
2.0
-305.0
578.8
0.0
305
579
0
2.0
-304.0
974.1
0.0
304
974
0
1.0
-308.0
508.7
0.0
308
509
0
1.0
-304.0
898.2
0.0
304
898
0
139.0
-405.0
891.8
0.0
405
892
0
44.0
-353.0
892.7
0.0
353
893
0
104.0
-378.0
892.7
0.0
378
893
0
24.0
-368.0
1580.0
0.0
368
1580
0
64.0
-298.0
820.9
0.0
298
821
0
50.0
-380.0
1634.4
0.0
380
1634
0
217.0
-444.0
887.1
0.0
444
887
0
84.0
-420.0
904.6
0.0
420
905
0
170.0
-425.0
904.6
0.0
425
905
0
26.0
-411.0
1569.1
0.0
411
1569
0
134.0
-335.0
830.8
0.0
335
831
0
119.0
-466.0
1655.9
0.0
466
1656
0
269.0
-1089.0
183.9
0.0
1089
184
0
256.0
-753.0
189.0
0.0
753
189
0
516.0
-469.0
189.0
0.0
469
189
0
22.0
-470.0
333.4
0.0
470
333
0
309.0
-380.0
171.9
0.0
380
172
0
194.0
-564.0
325.4
0.0
564
325
0
488.0
-388.0
197.4
0.0
388
197
0
120.0
-842.0
362.5
0.0
842
363
0
424.0
-374.0
191.1
0.0
374
191
0
705.0
-1729.0
372.5
0.0
1729
373
0
419.0
-352.0
280.9
0.0
352
281
0
99.0
-813.0
631.7
0.0
813
632
0
476.0
-347.0
330.2
0.0
347
330
0
6998.0
-349.0
394.3
0.0
349
394
0
534.0
-385.0
197.4
0.0
385
197
0
73.0
-858.0
362.5
0.0
858
363
0
445.0
-362.0
191.1
0.0
362
191
0
888.0
-1852.0
372.5
0.0
1852
373
0
341.0
-1015.0
183.9
0.0
1015
184
0
304.0
-742.0
189.0
0.0
742
189
0
550.0
-460.0
189.0
0.0
460
189
0
16.0
-475.0
333.4
0.0
475
333
0
340.0
-368.0
170.9
0.0
368
171
0
194.0
-548.0
325.4
0.0
548
325
0

capacity of cross-section

NRk [kN]
My,Rk [kNm] Mz,Rk [kNm]
13160
2472
2472
13160
2472
2472
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
13160
2472
2472
9954
1886
1886
16311
3039
3039
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
7398
1042
1042
4987
710
710
9954
1886
1886
4987
710
710
5958
845
845
4987
710
710
8003
1173
1173
4987
710
710
8003
1173
1173
4987
710
710
13160
2472
2472
4987
710
710
5958
845
845
4987
710
710
8003
1173
1173
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
7398
1042
1042
4987
710
710
9954
1886
1886

buckling analysis - part 1

NEd/(cy*NRk/gM1kyy*My,Ed/(cLT*M
kyz*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
0.127
0.107
0.124
0.075
0.062
0.102
0.128
0.113
0.102
0.062
0.066
0.105
0.088
0.080
0.075
0.056
0.069
0.061
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.059
0.045
0.076
0.066
0.071
0.043
0.056
0.044
0.084
0.080
0.081
0.059
0.063
0.054
0.286
0.198
0.123
0.084
0.100
0.065
0.108
0.191
0.101
0.256
0.116
0.136
0.114
0.036
0.107
0.194
0.098
0.274
0.266
0.195
0.121
0.085
0.097
0.064

0.492
0.485
0.621
0.666
0.532
0.621
0.660
0.667
0.664
0.560
0.583
0.666
0.457
0.463
0.462
0.628
0.640
0.577
0.504
0.510
0.507
0.853
0.446
0.489
0.502
0.499
0.500
0.538
0.455
0.557
0.502
0.510
0.511
0.665
0.463
0.569
0.291
0.289
0.281
0.332
0.253
0.175
0.293
0.468
0.282
0.342
0.427
0.567
0.502
0.162
0.293
0.469
0.282
0.344
0.289
0.289
0.280
0.332
0.251
0.175

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

utilisation grade buckling


analysis

buckling analysis - part 2

0.619
0.592
0.745
0.741
0.594
0.723
0.788
0.780
0.765
0.622
0.649
0.771
0.545
0.543
0.536
0.684
0.709
0.638
0.561
0.568
0.565
0.911
0.504
0.534
0.578
0.565
0.571
0.581
0.511
0.601
0.586
0.590
0.591
0.724
0.526
0.623
0.577
0.487
0.404
0.416
0.352
0.241
0.402
0.659
0.383
0.598
0.543
0.703
0.616
0.198
0.401
0.663
0.379
0.618
0.555
0.484
0.401
0.417
0.347
0.239

NEd/(cz*NRk/g*M
*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
M1 y,Ed/(cLT*My,Rk
0.127
0.107
0.124
0.075
0.062
0.102
0.128
0.113
0.102
0.062
0.066
0.105
0.088
0.080
0.075
0.056
0.069
0.061
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.058
0.059
0.045
0.076
0.066
0.071
0.043
0.056
0.044
0.084
0.080
0.081
0.059
0.063
0.054
0.286
0.198
0.123
0.084
0.100
0.065
0.108
0.191
0.101
0.256
0.116
0.136
0.114
0.036
0.107
0.194
0.098
0.274
0.266
0.195
0.121
0.085
0.097
0.064

0.295
0.291
0.373
0.399
0.319
0.373
0.528
0.534
0.531
0.336
0.467
0.400
0.274
0.278
0.277
0.377
0.512
0.346
0.403
0.408
0.406
0.683
0.357
0.293
0.301
0.299
0.300
0.323
0.273
0.334
0.301
0.306
0.306
0.399
0.278
0.341
0.175
0.174
0.168
0.199
0.152
0.105
0.176
0.281
0.169
0.273
0.256
0.454
0.301
0.097
0.176
0.281
0.169
0.275
0.173
0.173
0.168
0.199
0.151
0.105

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.422
0.398
0.496
0.474
0.382
0.474
0.656
0.647
0.632
0.398
0.532
0.504
0.362
0.357
0.352
0.432
0.581
0.407
0.461
0.466
0.464
0.741
0.415
0.339
0.377
0.365
0.371
0.366
0.329
0.378
0.385
0.386
0.387
0.458
0.341
0.396
0.461
0.371
0.291
0.283
0.251
0.171
0.284
0.472
0.270
0.530
0.372
0.590
0.415
0.133
0.283
0.476
0.267
0.549
0.440
0.368
0.289
0.284
0.247
0.169

0.619
0.592
0.745
0.741
0.594
0.723
0.788
0.780
0.765
0.622
0.649
0.771
0.545
0.543
0.536
0.684
0.709
0.638
0.561
0.568
0.565
0.911
0.504
0.534
0.578
0.565
0.571
0.581
0.511
0.601
0.586
0.590
0.591
0.724
0.526
0.623
0.577
0.487
0.404
0.416
0.352
0.241
0.402
0.659
0.383
0.598
0.543
0.703
0.616
0.198
0.401
0.663
0.379
0.618
0.555
0.484
0.401
0.417
0.347
0.239

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

Md = (max
Nd =
2
maxmin N;
My +
2 0,5
max N
minMz )
[kN]
823
692
614
598
343
854
616
540
487
482
316
641
492
445
418
410
312
465
304
305
305
304
308
304
405
353
378
368
298
380
444
420
425
411
335
466
1089
753
516
470
380
564
488
842
424
1729
419
813
476
6998
534
858
445
1852
1015
742
550
475
368
548

[kNm]
1104
1105
1065
1908
955
1745
724
738
738
1327
661
1173
808
823
823
1488
723
1365
575
582
579
974
509
898
892
893
893
1580
821
1634
887
905
905
1569
831
1656
184
189
189
333
172
325
197
363
191
373
281
632
330
394
197
363
191
373
184
189
189
333
171
325

Nd/A

Md/Wel

[kN/cm ]
2.22
1.87
2.19
1.30
1.22
1.86
2.73
2.40
2.16
1.30
1.40
2.29
1.75
1.59
1.49
1.11
1.38
1.25
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.35
1.37
1.08
1.44
1.26
1.35
0.80
1.06
0.83
1.58
1.50
1.52
1.11
1.19
1.01
7.75
5.36
3.67
2.26
2.70
2.01
3.47
5.02
3.02
7.67
2.98
3.61
3.39
18.88
3.80
5.11
3.17
8.22
7.22
5.28
3.91
2.28
2.62
1.95

[kN/cm ]
20.85
20.88
26.17
29.56
23.47
27.03
21.89
22.33
22.33
25.06
19.99
28.82
19.86
20.23
20.23
28.10
21.86
25.79
17.39
17.61
17.51
29.47
15.39
22.06
21.91
21.93
21.93
24.47
20.17
25.32
21.79
22.22
22.22
29.64
20.41
25.65
11.96
12.30
12.30
14.95
11.18
7.99
12.84
19.91
12.43
11.27
18.27
19.11
21.48
7.45
12.84
19.91
12.43
11.27
11.96
12.30
12.30
14.95
11.12
7.99

sd

sd/(fyk/gM0)

[kN/cm ]
23.07
22.74
28.36
30.86
24.69
28.89
24.62
24.73
24.49
26.36
21.39
31.11
21.61
21.82
21.72
29.21
23.25
27.04
18.74
18.97
18.86
30.82
16.76
23.15
23.35
23.19
23.28
25.27
21.23
26.14
23.38
23.72
23.74
30.74
21.60
26.66
19.71
17.66
15.97
17.20
13.89
10.00
16.32
24.93
15.45
18.94
21.26
22.72
24.87
26.33
16.65
25.03
15.60
19.49
19.19
17.58
16.21
17.23
13.74
9.95

[-]
0.650
0.641
0.799
0.869
0.696
0.814
0.694
0.697
0.690
0.742
0.603
0.876
0.609
0.615
0.612
0.823
0.655
0.762
0.528
0.534
0.531
0.868
0.472
0.652
0.658
0.653
0.656
0.712
0.598
0.736
0.658
0.668
0.669
0.866
0.609
0.751
0.555
0.497
0.450
0.485
0.391
0.282
0.460
0.702
0.435
0.534
0.599
0.640
0.701
0.742
0.469
0.705
0.439
0.549
0.540
0.495
0.457
0.485
0.387
0.280

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

INDEX

Axis Row N min


[-]

8301
8302
8303
8304
8305
8306
8401
8402
8403
8404
8405
8406
8501
8502
8503
8504
8505
8506
8601
8602
8603
8604
8605
8606
8701
8702
8703
8704
8705
8706
8803
8804
8805
8806
8903
8904
8905
8906
9001
9002
9003
9004
9005
9006
9101
9102
9103
9104
9105
9106
9201
9202
9203
9204
9205
9206
9301
9302
9303
9304
9305
9306

[-]
83
83
83
83
83
83
84
84
84
84
84
84
85
85
85
85
85
85
86
86
86
86
86
86
87
87
87
87
87
87
88
88
88
88
89
89
89
89
90
90
90
90
90
90
91
91
91
91
91
91
92
92
92
92
92
92
93
93
93
93
93
93

[KN]
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
3
4
5
6
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6

N max Mglob

[KN]
-731
353
-1122
515
-921
417
-2029
1116
-1262
588
-782
925
-1169
1157
-868
326
-861
438
-1481
818
-493
133
-787
843
-700
555
-682
340
-785
395
-1310
845
-1131
540
-807
848
-1379
1212
-879
500
-989
528
-1619
1063
-456
299
-891
1109
-794
452
-530
250
-526
429
-945
51
-460
287
-2900
921
-416
344
-907
38
-477
354
-2116
1316
-450
350
-920
92
-490
333
-2128
676
-918
457
-703
423
-561
404
-460
65
-477
256
-517
230
-838
342
-1187
595
-1000
430
-2283
1134
-1513
604
-831
1113
-1235
1287
-904
368
-870
457
-1600
821
-613
152
-839
1051
-652
620
-682
355
-806
401
-1347
854
-1222
552
-797
866

Mlok

member
length

[KNm] [KNm] L [m]


67.007 490.49
12.582
59.008 496.53
12.582
57.009 496.53
12.582
94.005 904.18
12.582
328 170.32
12.582
34.015 282.85
7.038
60.008 481.13
12.714
59.008 472.68
12.714
58.009 472.68
12.714
72.007 910.16
12.714
330 228.88
12.714
183 1497.6
16.284
58.009 464.84
12.732
58.009 473.22
12.732
58.009 473.22
12.732
93.005 912.38
12.732
335.01 183.17
12.732
36.014 313.94
7.308
81.006 575.15
13.464
78.006 569.95
13.464
67.007 569.95
13.464
106 1035.4
13.464
365 218.69
13.464
195 1567.9
16.83
20.025 270.03
9.522
18.028 256.13
9.258
18.028 245.84
9.078
26.019 426.24
8.94
151 81.541
8.94
37.014 457.75
9.126
14.036 144.42
8.106
18.028 336.16
8.07
123 66.287
8.07
24.021 343.02
8.004
15.033 182.41
8.586
18.028 344.48
8.112
124 67.119
8.112
24.021 348.5
8.064
13.038 170.82
7.686
13.038 176.01
7.686
13.038 176.01
7.686
19.026 314.36
7.686
112 59.908
7.686
23.022 302.37
7.362
67.007 490.49
12.582
59.008 496.53
12.582
57.009 496.53
12.582
95.005 904.18
12.582
328.01 170.32
12.582
34.015 282.85
7.038
60.008 481.13
12.714
59.008 472.68
12.714
58.009 472.68
12.714
73.007 910.16
12.714
330 228.88
12.714
183 1498
16.284
58.009 464.84
12.732
58.009 473.22
12.732
58.009 473.22
12.732
93.005 912.38
12.732
335.01 183.17
12.732
36.014 313.94
7.308

buckling length factors


by [-]
bz [-]
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

cross-sectionno.
("manually
chosen;
redesign) diameter
[-]

D [mm]
6015
6012
6012
6020
6012
6025
6012
6012
6012
6015
6012
6025
6012
6012
6012
6020
6012
6025
6015
6015
6012
6020
6012
6025
4510
4510
4510
4515
4510
6015
4510
4512
4510
6012
4510
4512
4510
6012
4510
4510
4510
4515
4510
6015
6015
6012
6012
6020
6012
6025
6012
6012
6012
6015
6012
6025
6012
6012
6012
6020
6012
6025

610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610
610

thickness

area

T [mm]

A [cm2]
15
12
12
20
12
25
12
12
12
15
12
25
12
12
12
20
12
25
15
15
12
20
12
25
10
10
10
15
10
15
10
12
10
12
10
12
10
12
10
10
10
15
10
15
15
12
12
20
12
25
12
12
12
15
12
25
12
12
12
20
12
25

moment of
inertia
280
225
225
371
225
459
225
225
225
280
225
459
225
225
225
371
225
459
280
280
225
371
225
459
140
140
140
208
140
280
140
168
140
225
140
168
140
225
140
140
140
208
140
280
280
225
225
371
225
459
225
225
225
280
225
459
225
225
225
371
225
459

Iy=Iz [cm4]
124159
100814
100814
161490
100814
196906
100814
100814
100814
124159
100814
196906
100814
100814
100814
161490
100814
196906
124159
124159
100814
161490
100814
196906
35138
35138
35138
50993
35138
124159
35138
41612
35138
100814
35138
41612
35138
100814
35138
35138
35138
50993
35138
124159
124159
100814
100814
161490
100814
196906
100814
100814
100814
124159
100814
196906
100814
100814
100814
161490
100814
196906

E-modulus

strength
fyk [N/mm2]
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

E [N/mm2]
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000

buckling
curve

imperfection
factor
a [-]

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49

classification of cross-section
D/T [-]
40.7
50.8
50.8
30.5
50.8
24.4
50.8
50.8
50.8
40.7
50.8
24.4
50.8
50.8
50.8
30.5
50.8
24.4
40.7
40.7
50.8
30.5
50.8
24.4
45.7
45.7
45.7
30.5
45.7
40.7
45.7
38.1
45.7
50.8
45.7
38.1
45.7
50.8
45.7
45.7
45.7
30.5
45.7
40.7
40.7
50.8
50.8
30.5
50.8
24.4
50.8
50.8
50.8
40.7
50.8
24.4
50.8
50.8
50.8
30.5
50.8
24.4

elastic or plastic
design
resistances

section-class
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.

plastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
elastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic

in buckling
analysis
considered
section
modulus
W [cm3]
5312
3305
3305
6965
3305
8561
3305
3305
3305
5312
3305
8561
3305
3305
3305
6965
3305
8561
5312
5312
3305
6965
3305
8561
2000
2000
2000
2934
2000
5312
2000
2379
2000
3305
2000
2379
2000
3305
2000
2000
2000
2934
2000
5312
5312
3305
3305
6965
3305
8561
3305
3305
3305
5312
3305
8561
3305
3305
3305
6965
3305
8561

elastic
section
modulus
Wel [cm3]
4071
3305
3305
5295
3305
6456
3305
3305
3305
4071
3305
6456
3305
3305
3305
5295
3305
6456
4071
4071
3305
5295
3305
6456
1537
1537
1537
2231
1537
4071
1537
1820
1537
3305
1537
1820
1537
3305
1537
1537
1537
2231
1537
4071
4071
3305
3305
5295
3305
6456
3305
3305
3305
4071
3305
6456
3305
3305
3305
5295
3305
6456

buckling length

Lcr,y [m]
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
7.04
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
16.28
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
7.31
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
16.83
9.52
9.26
9.08
8.94
8.94
9.13
8.11
8.07
8.07
8.00
8.59
8.11
8.11
8.06
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.36
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
7.04
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
16.28
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
7.31

Lcr,z[m]
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
7.04
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
16.28
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
7.31
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
16.83
9.52
9.26
9.08
8.94
8.94
9.13
8.11
8.07
8.07
8.00
8.59
8.11
8.11
8.06
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.69
7.36
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
12.58
7.04
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
12.71
16.28
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
12.73
7.31

elastic flexural buckling


force
Ncr,y [kN]
16255
13199
13199
21143
13199
82391
12926
12926
12926
15920
12926
15391
12890
12890
12890
20648
12890
76416
14195
14195
11526
18464
11526
14408
8032
8497
8837
13224
9112
30898
11084
13243
11183
32616
9879
13106
11067
32132
12328
12328
12328
17891
12328
47479
16255
13199
13199
21143
13199
82391
12926
12926
12926
15920
12926
15391
12890
12890
12890
20648
12890
76416

Ncr,z [kN]
16255
13199
13199
21143
13199
82391
12926
12926
12926
15920
12926
15391
12890
12890
12890
20648
12890
76416
14195
14195
11526
18464
11526
14408
8032
8497
8837
13224
9112
30898
11084
13243
11183
32616
9879
13106
11067
32132
12328
12328
12328
17891
12328
47479
16255
13199
13199
21143
13199
82391
12926
12926
12926
15920
12926
15391
12890
12890
12890
20648
12890
76416

slenderness for flexural


buckling
ly [-]
0.783
0.779
0.779
0.789
0.779
0.445
0.787
0.787
0.787
0.791
0.787
1.029
0.788
0.788
0.788
0.798
0.788
0.462
0.837
0.837
0.833
0.844
0.833
1.064
0.788
0.766
0.751
0.748
0.740
0.568
0.671
0.671
0.668
0.495
0.711
0.674
0.671
0.499
0.636
0.636
0.636
0.643
0.636
0.458
0.783
0.779
0.779
0.789
0.779
0.445
0.787
0.787
0.787
0.791
0.787
1.029
0.788
0.788
0.788
0.798
0.788
0.462

lz [-]
0.783
0.779
0.779
0.789
0.779
0.445
0.787
0.787
0.787
0.791
0.787
1.029
0.788
0.788
0.788
0.798
0.788
0.462
0.837
0.837
0.833
0.844
0.833
1.064
0.788
0.766
0.751
0.748
0.740
0.568
0.671
0.671
0.668
0.495
0.711
0.674
0.671
0.499
0.636
0.636
0.636
0.643
0.636
0.458
0.783
0.779
0.779
0.789
0.779
0.445
0.787
0.787
0.787
0.791
0.787
1.029
0.788
0.788
0.788
0.798
0.788
0.462

red. factor
torsional
buckl.

reduction factor for flexural buckling

fy [-]
0.9489
0.9450
0.9450
0.9555
0.9450
0.6590
0.9533
0.9533
0.9533
0.9574
0.9533
1.2331
0.9545
0.9545
0.9545
0.9653
0.9545
0.6709
1.0068
1.0068
1.0023
1.0142
1.0023
1.2777
0.9545
0.9322
0.9172
0.9140
0.9059
0.7511
0.8403
0.8403
0.8376
0.6951
0.8775
0.8435
0.8408
0.6978
0.8091
0.8091
0.8091
0.8153
0.8091
0.6680
0.9489
0.9450
0.9450
0.9555
0.9450
0.6590
0.9533
0.9533
0.9533
0.9574
0.9533
1.2331
0.9545
0.9545
0.9545
0.9653
0.9545
0.6709

cy [-]
0.6731
0.6755
0.6755
0.6691
0.6755
0.8733
0.6704
0.6704
0.6704
0.6680
0.6704
0.5230
0.6697
0.6697
0.6697
0.6632
0.6697
0.8640
0.6387
0.6387
0.6413
0.6344
0.6413
0.5037
0.6697
0.6834
0.6928
0.6948
0.6999
0.8044
0.7427
0.7427
0.7445
0.8456
0.7182
0.7406
0.7424
0.8435
0.7638
0.7638
0.7638
0.7596
0.7638
0.8663
0.6731
0.6755
0.6755
0.6691
0.6755
0.8733
0.6704
0.6704
0.6704
0.6680
0.6704
0.5230
0.6697
0.6697
0.6697
0.6632
0.6697
0.8640

fz [-]
0.9489
0.9450
0.9450
0.9555
0.9450
0.6590
0.9533
0.9533
0.9533
0.9574
0.9533
1.2331
0.9545
0.9545
0.9545
0.9653
0.9545
0.6709
1.0068
1.0068
1.0023
1.0142
1.0023
1.2777
0.9545
0.9322
0.9172
0.9140
0.9059
0.7511
0.8403
0.8403
0.8376
0.6951
0.8775
0.8435
0.8408
0.6978
0.8091
0.8091
0.8091
0.8153
0.8091
0.6680
0.9489
0.9450
0.9450
0.9555
0.9450
0.6590
0.9533
0.9533
0.9533
0.9574
0.9533
1.2331
0.9545
0.9545
0.9545
0.9653
0.9545
0.6709

cz [-]
0.6731
0.6755
0.6755
0.6691
0.6755
0.8733
0.6704
0.6704
0.6704
0.6680
0.6704
0.5230
0.6697
0.6697
0.6697
0.6632
0.6697
0.8640
0.6387
0.6387
0.6413
0.6344
0.6413
0.5037
0.6697
0.6834
0.6928
0.6948
0.6999
0.8044
0.7427
0.7427
0.7445
0.8456
0.7182
0.7406
0.7424
0.8435
0.7638
0.7638
0.7638
0.7596
0.7638
0.8663
0.6731
0.6755
0.6755
0.6691
0.6755
0.8733
0.6704
0.6704
0.6704
0.6680
0.6704
0.5230
0.6697
0.6697
0.6697
0.6632
0.6697
0.8640

cLT [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

moment coefficients

cmy [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

cmz [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 3

kyy,1
1.0512
1.0970
1.0796
1.1091
1.1091
1.0147
1.1029
1.0764
1.0758
1.1057
1.0434
1.0570
1.0617
1.0602
1.0692
1.0719
1.0998
1.0159
1.1090
1.0695
1.0963
1.0982
1.0444
1.0692
1.1124
1.0715
1.0686
1.0825
1.0585
1.1233
1.0452
1.0825
1.0515
1.0929
1.0536
1.0843
1.0533
1.0944
1.0920
1.0704
1.0562
1.0316
1.0478
1.0165
1.0587
1.1026
1.0864
1.1227
1.1307
1.0156
1.1087
1.0795
1.0766
1.1142
1.0539
1.0607
1.0575
1.0602
1.0711
1.0739
1.1078
1.0157

kyy,2
1.0655
1.1245
1.1022
1.1383
1.1401
1.0329
1.1307
1.0971
1.0963
1.1336
1.0551
1.0554
1.0784
1.0763
1.0879
1.0901
1.1266
1.0344
1.1301
1.0830
1.1156
1.1163
1.0533
1.0651
1.1426
1.0933
1.0913
1.1103
1.0791
1.2173
1.0674
1.1230
1.0771
1.1876
1.0754
1.1251
1.0794
1.1891
1.1446
1.1107
1.0884
1.0491
1.0751
1.0360
1.0750
1.1317
1.1110
1.1556
1.1679
1.0350
1.1381
1.1011
1.0973
1.1444
1.0686
1.0590
1.0730
1.0763
1.0902
1.0926
1.1368
1.0339

kyy
1.0512
1.0970
1.0796
1.1091
1.1091
1.0147
1.1029
1.0764
1.0758
1.1057
1.0434
1.0554
1.0617
1.0602
1.0692
1.0719
1.0998
1.0159
1.1090
1.0695
1.0963
1.0982
1.0444
1.0651
1.1124
1.0715
1.0686
1.0825
1.0585
1.1233
1.0452
1.0825
1.0515
1.0929
1.0536
1.0843
1.0533
1.0944
1.0920
1.0704
1.0562
1.0316
1.0478
1.0165
1.0587
1.1026
1.0864
1.1227
1.1307
1.0156
1.1087
1.0795
1.0766
1.1142
1.0539
1.0590
1.0575
1.0602
1.0711
1.0739
1.1078
1.0157

kzz,1
1.0512
1.0970
1.0796
1.1091
1.1091
1.0147
1.1029
1.0764
1.0758
1.1057
1.0434
1.0570
1.0617
1.0602
1.0692
1.0719
1.0998
1.0159
1.1090
1.0695
1.0963
1.0982
1.0444
1.0692
1.1124
1.0715
1.0686
1.0825
1.0585
1.1233
1.0452
1.0825
1.0515
1.0929
1.0536
1.0843
1.0533
1.0944
1.0920
1.0704
1.0562
1.0316
1.0478
1.0165
1.0587
1.1026
1.0864
1.1227
1.1307
1.0156
1.1087
1.0795
1.0766
1.1142
1.0539
1.0607
1.0575
1.0602
1.0711
1.0739
1.1078
1.0157

kzz,2
1.0655
1.1245
1.1022
1.1383
1.1401
1.0329
1.1307
1.0971
1.0963
1.1336
1.0551
1.0554
1.0784
1.0763
1.0879
1.0901
1.1266
1.0344
1.1301
1.0830
1.1156
1.1163
1.0533
1.0651
1.1426
1.0933
1.0913
1.1103
1.0791
1.2173
1.0674
1.1230
1.0771
1.1876
1.0754
1.1251
1.0794
1.1891
1.1446
1.1107
1.0884
1.0491
1.0751
1.0360
1.0750
1.1317
1.1110
1.1556
1.1679
1.0350
1.1381
1.1011
1.0973
1.1444
1.0686
1.0590
1.0730
1.0763
1.0902
1.0926
1.1368
1.0339

kzz
1.0512
1.0970
1.0796
1.1091
1.1091
1.0147
1.1029
1.0764
1.0758
1.1057
1.0434
1.0554
1.0617
1.0602
1.0692
1.0719
1.0998
1.0159
1.1090
1.0695
1.0963
1.0982
1.0444
1.0651
1.1124
1.0715
1.0686
1.0825
1.0585
1.1233
1.0452
1.0825
1.0515
1.0929
1.0536
1.0843
1.0533
1.0944
1.0920
1.0704
1.0562
1.0316
1.0478
1.0165
1.0587
1.1026
1.0864
1.1227
1.1307
1.0156
1.1087
1.0795
1.0766
1.1142
1.0539
1.0590
1.0575
1.0602
1.0711
1.0739
1.1078
1.0157

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 1 and 2

kyy,1
1.0636
1.1201
1.0986
1.1357
1.1351
1.0134
1.1279
1.0949
1.0942
1.1316
1.0539
1.0765
1.0768
1.0748
1.0861
1.0898
1.1241
1.0150
1.1382
1.0881
1.1220
1.1249
1.0563
1.0937
1.1398
1.0880
1.0839
1.1007
1.0711
1.1331
1.0529
1.0965
1.0601
1.0924
1.0641
1.0989
1.0624
1.0943
1.1051
1.0805
1.0642
1.0363
1.0546
1.0155
1.0729
1.1271
1.1070
1.1527
1.1619
1.0143
1.1351
1.0989
1.0952
1.1422
1.0670
1.0816
1.0715
1.0748
1.0884
1.0923
1.1341
1.0148

kyy,2
1.0873
1.1660
1.1363
1.1843
1.1867
1.0439
1.1743
1.1294
1.1284
1.1782
1.0735
1.0738
1.1045
1.1018
1.1172
1.1201
1.1688
1.0458
1.1735
1.1106
1.1542
1.1551
1.0711
1.0868
1.1902
1.1244
1.1218
1.1471
1.1054
1.2897
1.0898
1.1640
1.1028
1.2501
1.1005
1.1668
1.1059
1.2522
1.1928
1.1476
1.1178
1.0655
1.1002
1.0480
1.1001
1.1756
1.1480
1.2074
1.2239
1.0467
1.1841
1.1348
1.1297
1.1925
1.0914
1.0787
1.0973
1.1018
1.1203
1.1235
1.1824
1.0452

kyy
1.0636
1.1201
1.0986
1.1357
1.1351
1.0134
1.1279
1.0949
1.0942
1.1316
1.0539
1.0738
1.0768
1.0748
1.0861
1.0898
1.1241
1.0150
1.1382
1.0881
1.1220
1.1249
1.0563
1.0868
1.1398
1.0880
1.0839
1.1007
1.0711
1.1331
1.0529
1.0965
1.0601
1.0924
1.0641
1.0989
1.0624
1.0943
1.1051
1.0805
1.0642
1.0363
1.0546
1.0155
1.0729
1.1271
1.1070
1.1527
1.1619
1.0143
1.1351
1.0989
1.0952
1.1422
1.0670
1.0787
1.0715
1.0748
1.0884
1.0923
1.1341
1.0148

kzz,1
1.0636
1.1201
1.0986
1.1357
1.1351
1.0134
1.1279
1.0949
1.0942
1.1316
1.0539
1.0765
1.0768
1.0748
1.0861
1.0898
1.1241
1.0150
1.1382
1.0881
1.1220
1.1249
1.0563
1.0937
1.1398
1.0880
1.0839
1.1007
1.0711
1.1331
1.0529
1.0965
1.0601
1.0924
1.0641
1.0989
1.0624
1.0943
1.1051
1.0805
1.0642
1.0363
1.0546
1.0155
1.0729
1.1271
1.1070
1.1527
1.1619
1.0143
1.1351
1.0989
1.0952
1.1422
1.0670
1.0816
1.0715
1.0748
1.0884
1.0923
1.1341
1.0148

kzz,2
1.0873
1.1660
1.1363
1.1843
1.1867
1.0439
1.1743
1.1294
1.1284
1.1782
1.0735
1.0738
1.1045
1.1018
1.1172
1.1201
1.1688
1.0458
1.1735
1.1106
1.1542
1.1551
1.0711
1.0868
1.1902
1.1244
1.1218
1.1471
1.1054
1.2897
1.0898
1.1640
1.1028
1.2501
1.1005
1.1668
1.1059
1.2522
1.1928
1.1476
1.1178
1.0655
1.1002
1.0480
1.1001
1.1756
1.1480
1.2074
1.2239
1.0467
1.1841
1.1348
1.1297
1.1925
1.0914
1.0787
1.0973
1.1018
1.1203
1.1235
1.1824
1.0452

kzz
1.0636
1.1201
1.0986
1.1357
1.1351
1.0134
1.1279
1.0949
1.0942
1.1316
1.0539
1.0738
1.0768
1.0748
1.0861
1.0898
1.1241
1.0150
1.1382
1.0881
1.1220
1.1249
1.0563
1.0868
1.1398
1.0880
1.0839
1.1007
1.0711
1.1331
1.0529
1.0965
1.0601
1.0924
1.0641
1.0989
1.0624
1.0943
1.1051
1.0805
1.0642
1.0363
1.0546
1.0155
1.0729
1.1271
1.1070
1.1527
1.1619
1.0143
1.1351
1.0989
1.0952
1.1422
1.0670
1.0787
1.0715
1.0748
1.0884
1.0923
1.1341
1.0148

interaction factors

kyy [-]
1.064
1.097
1.080
1.136
1.109
1.013
1.103
1.076
1.076
1.132
1.043
1.074
1.062
1.060
1.069
1.090
1.100
1.015
1.138
1.088
1.096
1.125
1.044
1.087
1.140
1.088
1.084
1.101
1.071
1.133
1.053
1.096
1.060
1.093
1.064
1.099
1.062
1.094
1.105
1.080
1.064
1.036
1.055
1.015
1.073
1.103
1.086
1.153
1.131
1.014
1.109
1.080
1.077
1.142
1.054
1.079
1.058
1.060
1.071
1.092
1.108
1.015

kzz [-]
1.064
1.097
1.080
1.136
1.109
1.013
1.103
1.076
1.076
1.132
1.043
1.074
1.062
1.060
1.069
1.090
1.100
1.015
1.138
1.088
1.096
1.125
1.044
1.087
1.140
1.088
1.084
1.101
1.071
1.133
1.053
1.096
1.060
1.093
1.064
1.099
1.062
1.094
1.105
1.080
1.064
1.036
1.055
1.015
1.073
1.103
1.086
1.153
1.131
1.014
1.109
1.080
1.077
1.142
1.054
1.079
1.058
1.060
1.071
1.092
1.108
1.015

kyz [-]
0.638
1.097
1.080
0.681
1.109
0.608
1.103
1.076
1.076
0.679
1.043
0.644
1.062
1.060
1.069
0.654
1.100
0.609
0.683
0.653
1.096
0.675
1.044
0.652
0.684
0.653
0.650
0.660
0.643
0.680
0.632
0.658
0.636
1.093
0.638
0.659
0.637
1.094
0.663
0.648
0.639
0.622
0.633
0.609
0.644
1.103
1.086
0.692
1.131
0.609
1.109
1.080
1.077
0.685
1.054
0.647
1.058
1.060
1.071
0.655
1.108
0.609

max./ min. inner forces and moments

kzy [-]
0.638
0.878
0.864
0.681
0.887
0.608
0.882
0.861
0.861
0.679
0.835
0.644
0.849
0.848
0.855
0.654
0.880
0.609
0.683
0.653
0.877
0.675
0.836
0.652
0.684
0.653
0.650
0.660
0.643
0.680
0.632
0.658
0.636
0.874
0.638
0.659
0.637
0.876
0.663
0.648
0.639
0.622
0.633
0.609
0.644
0.882
0.869
0.692
0.905
0.609
0.887
0.864
0.861
0.685
0.843
0.647
0.846
0.848
0.857
0.655
0.886
0.609

in buckling analysis considered forces


and moments

max Mlok [kNm] NEd [kN]


My,Ed [kNm] Mz,Ed [kNm]
max N [kN] min N [kN]max Mglob [kNm]
353.0
-731.0
557.5
0.0
731
558
0
515.0
-1122.0
555.5
0.0
1122
556
0
417.0
-921.0
553.5
0.0
921
554
0
1116.0
-2029.0
998.2
0.0
2029
998
0
588.0
-1262.0
498.3
0.0
1262
498
0
925.0
-782.0
316.9
0.0
782
317
0
1157.0
-1169.0
541.1
0.0
1169
541
0
326.0
-868.0
531.7
0.0
868
532
0
438.0
-861.0
530.7
0.0
861
531
0
818.0
-1481.0
982.2
0.0
1481
982
0
133.0
-493.0
558.9
0.0
493
559
0
843.0
-787.0
1680.7
0.0
787
1681
0
555.0
-700.0
522.9
0.0
700
523
0
340.0
-682.0
531.2
0.0
682
531
0
395.0
-785.0
531.2
0.0
785
531
0
845.0
-1310.0
1005.4
0.0
1310
1005
0
540.0
-1131.0
518.2
0.0
1131
518
0
848.0
-807.0
350.0
0.0
807
350
0
1212.0
-1379.0
656.2
0.0
1379
656
0
500.0
-879.0
648.0
0.0
879
648
0
528.0
-989.0
637.0
0.0
989
637
0
1063.0
-1619.0
1141.4
0.0
1619
1141
0
299.0
-456.0
583.7
0.0
456
584
0
1109.0
-891.0
1762.9
0.0
891
1763
0
452.0
-794.0
290.1
0.0
794
290
0
250.0
-530.0
274.2
0.0
530
274
0
429.0
-526.0
263.9
0.0
526
264
0
51.0
-945.0
452.3
0.0
945
452
0
287.0
-460.0
232.5
0.0
460
233
0
921.0
-2900.0
494.8
0.0
2900
495
0
344.0
-416.0
158.5
0.0
416
158
0
38.0
-907.0
354.2
0.0
907
354
0
354.0
-477.0
189.3
0.0
477
189
0
1316.0
-2116.0
367.0
0.0
2116
367
0
350.0
-450.0
197.4
0.0
450
197
0
92.0
-920.0
362.5
0.0
920
363
0
333.0
-490.0
191.1
0.0
490
191
0
676.0
-2128.0
372.5
0.0
2128
373
0
457.0
-918.0
183.9
0.0
918
184
0
423.0
-703.0
189.0
0.0
703
189
0
404.0
-561.0
189.0
0.0
561
189
0
65.0
-460.0
333.4
0.0
460
333
0
256.0
-477.0
171.9
0.0
477
172
0
230.0
-517.0
325.4
0.0
517
325
0
342.0
-838.0
557.5
0.0
838
558
0
595.0
-1187.0
555.5
0.0
1187
556
0
430.0
-1000.0
553.5
0.0
1000
554
0
1134.0
-2283.0
999.2
0.0
2283
999
0
604.0
-1513.0
498.3
0.0
1513
498
0
1113.0
-831.0
316.9
0.0
831
317
0
1287.0
-1235.0
541.1
0.0
1235
541
0
368.0
-904.0
531.7
0.0
904
532
0
457.0
-870.0
530.7
0.0
870
531
0
821.0
-1600.0
983.2
0.0
1600
983
0
152.0
-613.0
558.9
0.0
613
559
0
1051.0
-839.0
1681.0
0.0
839
1681
0
620.0
-652.0
522.9
0.0
652
523
0
355.0
-682.0
531.2
0.0
682
531
0
401.0
-806.0
531.2
0.0
806
531
0
854.0
-1347.0
1005.4
0.0
1347
1005
0
552.0
-1222.0
518.2
0.0
1222
518
0
866.0
-797.0
350.0
0.0
797
350
0

capacity of cross-section

NRk [kN]
My,Rk [kNm] Mz,Rk [kNm]
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
7398
1042
1042
4987
710
710
9954
1886
1886
4987
710
710
5958
845
845
4987
710
710
8003
1173
1173
4987
710
710
5958
845
845
4987
710
710
8003
1173
1173
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
7398
1042
1042
4987
710
710
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039

buckling analysis - part 1

NEd/(cy*NRk/gM1kyy*My,Ed/(cLT*M
kyz*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
0.109
0.208
0.170
0.230
0.233
0.055
0.218
0.162
0.160
0.223
0.092
0.092
0.131
0.127
0.146
0.150
0.211
0.057
0.217
0.138
0.193
0.194
0.089
0.108
0.238
0.155
0.152
0.184
0.132
0.362
0.112
0.205
0.128
0.313
0.126
0.209
0.132
0.315
0.241
0.185
0.147
0.082
0.125
0.060
0.125
0.220
0.185
0.259
0.280
0.058
0.230
0.168
0.162
0.241
0.114
0.098
0.122
0.127
0.150
0.154
0.228
0.057

0.314
0.519
0.509
0.459
0.471
0.106
0.509
0.488
0.487
0.589
0.497
0.594
0.473
0.480
0.484
0.443
0.486
0.117
0.396
0.374
0.595
0.519
0.520
0.630
0.466
0.420
0.403
0.478
0.351
0.297
0.235
0.460
0.283
0.342
0.296
0.472
0.286
0.347
0.286
0.288
0.283
0.332
0.255
0.175
0.317
0.522
0.513
0.466
0.480
0.106
0.511
0.489
0.487
0.596
0.502
0.597
0.471
0.480
0.485
0.444
0.489
0.117

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

utilisation grade buckling


analysis

buckling analysis - part 2

0.424
0.727
0.680
0.689
0.704
0.161
0.726
0.650
0.647
0.812
0.589
0.686
0.604
0.607
0.631
0.593
0.697
0.174
0.613
0.512
0.788
0.713
0.608
0.739
0.703
0.576
0.555
0.662
0.483
0.660
0.347
0.665
0.411
0.655
0.422
0.680
0.418
0.663
0.527
0.472
0.431
0.414
0.381
0.235
0.442
0.742
0.697
0.725
0.760
0.164
0.741
0.658
0.649
0.836
0.616
0.695
0.593
0.607
0.635
0.599
0.717
0.173

NEd/(cz*NRk/g*M
*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
M1 y,Ed/(cLT*My,Rk
0.109
0.208
0.170
0.230
0.233
0.055
0.218
0.162
0.160
0.223
0.092
0.092
0.131
0.127
0.146
0.150
0.211
0.057
0.217
0.138
0.193
0.194
0.089
0.108
0.238
0.155
0.152
0.184
0.132
0.362
0.112
0.205
0.128
0.313
0.126
0.209
0.132
0.315
0.241
0.185
0.147
0.082
0.125
0.060
0.125
0.220
0.185
0.259
0.280
0.058
0.230
0.168
0.162
0.241
0.114
0.098
0.122
0.127
0.150
0.154
0.228
0.057

0.189
0.415
0.407
0.275
0.377
0.063
0.407
0.390
0.389
0.354
0.398
0.356
0.378
0.384
0.387
0.266
0.389
0.070
0.238
0.224
0.476
0.312
0.416
0.378
0.279
0.252
0.242
0.287
0.210
0.178
0.141
0.276
0.170
0.273
0.178
0.283
0.172
0.278
0.172
0.173
0.170
0.199
0.153
0.105
0.190
0.418
0.410
0.280
0.384
0.063
0.409
0.391
0.390
0.357
0.402
0.358
0.377
0.384
0.388
0.267
0.391
0.070

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.298
0.623
0.578
0.506
0.610
0.118
0.625
0.552
0.550
0.576
0.489
0.449
0.509
0.511
0.534
0.416
0.600
0.127
0.455
0.363
0.669
0.505
0.504
0.487
0.517
0.408
0.394
0.471
0.342
0.541
0.253
0.481
0.298
0.586
0.303
0.492
0.304
0.593
0.413
0.357
0.317
0.281
0.278
0.165
0.315
0.637
0.595
0.539
0.664
0.122
0.639
0.560
0.552
0.598
0.516
0.456
0.499
0.511
0.538
0.421
0.619
0.127

0.424
0.727
0.680
0.689
0.704
0.161
0.726
0.650
0.647
0.812
0.589
0.686
0.604
0.607
0.631
0.593
0.697
0.174
0.613
0.512
0.788
0.713
0.608
0.739
0.703
0.576
0.555
0.662
0.483
0.660
0.347
0.665
0.411
0.655
0.422
0.680
0.418
0.663
0.527
0.472
0.431
0.414
0.381
0.235
0.442
0.742
0.697
0.725
0.760
0.164
0.741
0.658
0.649
0.836
0.616
0.695
0.593
0.607
0.635
0.599
0.717
0.173

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

Md = (max
Nd =
2
maxmin N;
My +
2 0,5
max N
minMz )
[kN]
731
1122
921
2029
1262
925
1169
868
861
1481
493
843
700
682
785
1310
1131
848
1379
879
989
1619
456
1109
794
530
526
945
460
2900
416
907
477
2116
450
920
490
2128
918
703
561
460
477
517
838
1187
1000
2283
1513
1113
1287
904
870
1600
613
1051
652
682
806
1347
1222
866

[kNm]
558
556
554
998
498
317
541
532
531
982
559
1681
523
531
531
1005
518
350
656
648
637
1141
584
1763
290
274
264
452
233
495
158
354
189
367
197
363
191
373
184
189
189
333
172
325
558
556
554
999
498
317
541
532
531
983
559
1681
523
531
531
1005
518
350

Nd/A

Md/Wel

[kN/cm ]
2.61
4.98
4.09
5.47
5.60
2.01
5.19
3.85
3.82
5.28
2.19
1.83
3.11
3.03
3.48
3.53
5.02
1.85
4.92
3.13
4.39
4.37
2.02
2.41
5.65
3.77
3.74
4.53
3.27
10.34
2.96
5.40
3.40
9.39
3.20
5.48
3.49
9.44
6.53
5.00
3.99
2.21
3.40
1.84
2.99
5.27
4.44
6.16
6.71
2.42
5.71
4.01
3.86
5.71
2.72
2.29
2.89
3.03
3.58
3.63
5.42
1.88

[kN/cm ]
13.70
16.81
16.75
18.85
15.08
4.91
16.37
16.09
16.06
24.13
16.91
26.03
15.82
16.07
16.07
18.99
15.68
5.42
16.12
15.92
19.27
21.56
17.66
27.31
18.87
17.84
17.17
20.27
15.13
12.15
10.31
19.46
12.31
11.10
12.84
19.91
12.43
11.27
11.96
12.30
12.30
14.95
11.18
7.99
13.70
16.81
16.75
18.87
15.08
4.91
16.37
16.09
16.06
24.15
16.91
26.04
15.82
16.07
16.07
18.99
15.68
5.42

sd

sd/(fyk/gM0)

[kN/cm ]
16.30
21.78
20.83
24.33
20.67
6.92
21.56
19.94
19.87
29.41
19.10
27.87
18.92
19.10
19.55
22.52
20.69
7.27
21.04
19.05
23.66
25.92
19.68
29.72
24.52
21.61
20.91
24.81
18.40
22.50
13.27
24.86
15.71
20.49
16.05
25.40
15.92
20.71
18.50
17.30
16.29
17.15
14.58
9.84
16.68
22.07
21.18
25.03
21.79
7.33
22.08
20.10
19.91
29.86
19.63
28.33
18.71
19.10
19.65
22.62
21.10
7.31

[-]
0.459
0.614
0.587
0.685
0.582
0.195
0.607
0.562
0.560
0.828
0.538
0.785
0.533
0.538
0.551
0.634
0.583
0.205
0.593
0.537
0.666
0.730
0.554
0.837
0.691
0.609
0.589
0.699
0.518
0.634
0.374
0.700
0.443
0.577
0.452
0.715
0.448
0.583
0.521
0.487
0.459
0.483
0.411
0.277
0.470
0.622
0.597
0.705
0.614
0.206
0.622
0.566
0.561
0.841
0.553
0.798
0.527
0.538
0.553
0.637
0.594
0.206

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

INDEX

Axis Row N min


[-]

9401
9402
9403
9404
9405
9406
9501
9502
9503
9504
9505
9506
9603
9604
9605
9606

[-]
94
94
94
94
94
94
95
95
95
95
95
95
96
96
96
96

1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
3
4
5
6

N max Mglob

[KN]
[KN]
-1457
1197
-765
566
-883
537
-1714
1072
-313
515
-862
1225
-1067
320
-439
298
-434
516
-843
151
-372
314
-2510
860
-361
421
-809
126
-370
419
-1959
1823

Mlok

member
length

[KNm] [KNm] L [m]


81.006 575.15
13.464
78.006 569.95
13.464
66.008 569.95
13.464
107 1035.4
13.464
365.01 218.69
13.464
195 1567.9
16.83
21.024 270.03
9.522
18.028 256.13
9.258
18.028 245.84
9.078
26.019 426.24
8.94
151 81.541
8.94
37.014 457.75
9.126
14.036 144.42
8.106
18.028 336.16
8.07
123 66.287
8.07
24.021 343.02
8.004

buckling length factors


by [-]
bz [-]
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

cross-sectionno.
("manually
chosen;
redesign) diameter
[-]

D [mm]
6015
6015
6012
6020
6012
6025
4510
4510
4510
4515
4510
6015
4510
4512
4510
6012

610
610
610
610
610
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
457.2
610
457.2
457.2
457.2
610

thickness

area

T [mm]

A [cm2]
15
15
12
20
12
25
10
10
10
15
10
15
10
12
10
12

moment of
inertia
280
280
225
371
225
459
140
140
140
208
140
280
140
168
140
225

Iy=Iz [cm4]
124159
124159
100814
161490
100814
196906
35138
35138
35138
50993
35138
124159
35138
41612
35138
100814

E-modulus

strength
fyk [N/mm2]
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355
355

E [N/mm2]
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000
210000

buckling
curve

imperfection
factor
a [-]

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49

classification of cross-section
D/T [-]
40.7
40.7
50.8
30.5
50.8
24.4
45.7
45.7
45.7
30.5
45.7
40.7
45.7
38.1
45.7
50.8

elastic or plastic
design
resistances

section-class
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
3
only elastic design
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
1
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
2
o.k.
3
only elastic design

plastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
elastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
plastic
elastic

in buckling
analysis
considered
section
modulus
W [cm3]
5312
5312
3305
6965
3305
8561
2000
2000
2000
2934
2000
5312
2000
2379
2000
3305

elastic
section
modulus
Wel [cm3]
4071
4071
3305
5295
3305
6456
1537
1537
1537
2231
1537
4071
1537
1820
1537
3305

buckling length

Lcr,y [m]
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
16.83
9.52
9.26
9.08
8.94
8.94
9.13
8.11
8.07
8.07
8.00

Lcr,z[m]
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
13.46
16.83
9.52
9.26
9.08
8.94
8.94
9.13
8.11
8.07
8.07
8.00

elastic flexural buckling


force
Ncr,y [kN]
14195
14195
11526
18464
11526
14408
8032
8497
8837
13224
9112
30898
11084
13243
11183
32616

Ncr,z [kN]
14195
14195
11526
18464
11526
14408
8032
8497
8837
13224
9112
30898
11084
13243
11183
32616

slenderness for flexural


buckling
ly [-]
0.837
0.837
0.833
0.844
0.833
1.064
0.788
0.766
0.751
0.748
0.740
0.568
0.671
0.671
0.668
0.495

lz [-]
0.837
0.837
0.833
0.844
0.833
1.064
0.788
0.766
0.751
0.748
0.740
0.568
0.671
0.671
0.668
0.495

red. factor
torsional
buckl.

reduction factor for flexural buckling

fy [-]
1.0068
1.0068
1.0023
1.0142
1.0023
1.2777
0.9545
0.9322
0.9172
0.9140
0.9059
0.7511
0.8403
0.8403
0.8376
0.6951

cy [-]
0.6387
0.6387
0.6413
0.6344
0.6413
0.5037
0.6697
0.6834
0.6928
0.6948
0.6999
0.8044
0.7427
0.7427
0.7445
0.8456

fz [-]
1.0068
1.0068
1.0023
1.0142
1.0023
1.2777
0.9545
0.9322
0.9172
0.9140
0.9059
0.7511
0.8403
0.8403
0.8376
0.6951

cz [-]
0.6387
0.6387
0.6413
0.6344
0.6413
0.5037
0.6697
0.6834
0.6928
0.6948
0.6999
0.8044
0.7427
0.7427
0.7445
0.8456

cLT [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

moment coefficients

cmy [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

cmz [-]
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 3

kyy,1
1.1151
1.0605
1.0860
1.1040
1.0305
1.0670
1.1510
1.0592
1.0566
1.0736
1.0473
1.1068
1.0392
1.0736
1.0399
1.0860

kyy,2
1.1375
1.0722
1.1032
1.1232
1.0366
1.0629
1.1917
1.0773
1.0754
1.0984
1.0639
1.1881
1.0585
1.1097
1.0598
1.1737

kyy
1.1151
1.0605
1.0860
1.1040
1.0305
1.0629
1.1510
1.0592
1.0566
1.0736
1.0473
1.1068
1.0392
1.0736
1.0399
1.0860

kzz,1
1.1151
1.0605
1.0860
1.1040
1.0305
1.0670
1.1510
1.0592
1.0566
1.0736
1.0473
1.1068
1.0392
1.0736
1.0399
1.0860

kzz,2
1.1375
1.0722
1.1032
1.1232
1.0366
1.0629
1.1917
1.0773
1.0754
1.0984
1.0639
1.1881
1.0585
1.1097
1.0598
1.1737

kzz
1.1151
1.0605
1.0860
1.1040
1.0305
1.0629
1.1510
1.0592
1.0566
1.0736
1.0473
1.1068
1.0392
1.0736
1.0399
1.0860

auxiliary datas for estimation of interactionsfactors - section class 1 and 2

kyy,1
1.1461
1.0767
1.1090
1.1323
1.0386
1.0906
1.1878
1.0729
1.0692
1.0899
1.0575
1.1152
1.0459
1.0861
1.0466
1.0855

kyy,2
1.1833
1.0963
1.1376
1.1642
1.0488
1.0839
1.2556
1.1030
1.1005
1.1312
1.0853
1.2508
1.0780
1.1463
1.0797
1.2316

kyy
1.1461
1.0767
1.1090
1.1323
1.0386
1.0839
1.1878
1.0729
1.0692
1.0899
1.0575
1.1152
1.0459
1.0861
1.0466
1.0855

kzz,1
1.1461
1.0767
1.1090
1.1323
1.0386
1.0906
1.1878
1.0729
1.0692
1.0899
1.0575
1.1152
1.0459
1.0861
1.0466
1.0855

kzz,2
1.1833
1.0963
1.1376
1.1642
1.0488
1.0839
1.2556
1.1030
1.1005
1.1312
1.0853
1.2508
1.0780
1.1463
1.0797
1.2316

kzz
1.1461
1.0767
1.1090
1.1323
1.0386
1.0839
1.1878
1.0729
1.0692
1.0899
1.0575
1.1152
1.0459
1.0861
1.0466
1.0855

interaction factors

kyy [-]
1.146
1.077
1.086
1.132
1.030
1.084
1.188
1.073
1.069
1.090
1.058
1.115
1.046
1.086
1.047
1.086

kzz [-]
1.146
1.077
1.086
1.132
1.030
1.084
1.188
1.073
1.069
1.090
1.058
1.115
1.046
1.086
1.047
1.086

kyz [-]
0.688
0.646
1.086
0.679
1.030
0.650
0.713
0.644
0.642
0.654
0.635
0.669
0.628
0.652
0.628
1.086

max./ min. inner forces and moments

kzy [-]
0.688
0.646
0.869
0.679
0.824
0.650
0.713
0.644
0.642
0.654
0.635
0.669
0.628
0.652
0.628
0.869

in buckling analysis considered forces


and moments

max Mlok [kNm] NEd [kN]


My,Ed [kNm] Mz,Ed [kNm]
max N [kN] min N [kN]max Mglob [kNm]
1197.0
-1457.0
656.2
0.0
1457
656
0
566.0
-765.0
648.0
0.0
765
648
0
537.0
-883.0
636.0
0.0
883
636
0
1072.0
-1714.0
1142.4
0.0
1714
1142
0
515.0
-313.0
583.7
0.0
313
584
0
1225.0
-862.0
1762.9
0.0
862
1763
0
320.0
-1067.0
291.0
0.0
1067
291
0
298.0
-439.0
274.2
0.0
439
274
0
516.0
-434.0
263.9
0.0
434
264
0
151.0
-843.0
452.3
0.0
843
452
0
314.0
-372.0
232.5
0.0
372
233
0
860.0
-2510.0
494.8
0.0
2510
495
0
421.0
-361.0
158.5
0.0
361
158
0
126.0
-809.0
354.2
0.0
809
354
0
419.0
-370.0
189.3
0.0
370
189
0
1823.0
-1959.0
367.0
0.0
1959
367
0

capacity of cross-section

NRk [kN]
My,Rk [kNm] Mz,Rk [kNm]
9954
1886
1886
9954
1886
1886
8003
1173
1173
13160
2472
2472
8003
1173
1173
16311
3039
3039
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
4987
710
710
7398
1042
1042
4987
710
710
9954
1886
1886
4987
710
710
5958
845
845
4987
710
710
8003
1173
1173

buckling analysis - part 1

NEd/(cy*NRk/gM1kyy*My,Ed/(cLT*M
kyz*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
0.229
0.120
0.172
0.205
0.061
0.105
0.319
0.129
0.126
0.164
0.107
0.313
0.097
0.183
0.100
0.289

0.399
0.370
0.589
0.523
0.513
0.629
0.487
0.414
0.397
0.473
0.346
0.293
0.233
0.455
0.279
0.340

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

utilisation grade buckling


analysis

buckling analysis - part 2

0.628
0.490
0.761
0.728
0.574
0.734
0.806
0.543
0.523
0.637
0.453
0.606
0.331
0.638
0.379
0.629

NEd/(cz*NRk/g*M
*Mz,Ed/(cLT*Mz,Rk/gM1)
M1 y,Ed/(cLT*My,Rk
0.229
0.120
0.172
0.205
0.061
0.105
0.319
0.129
0.126
0.164
0.107
0.313
0.097
0.183
0.100
0.289

0.239
0.222
0.471
0.314
0.410
0.377
0.292
0.249
0.238
0.284
0.208
0.176
0.140
0.273
0.167
0.272

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.468
0.342
0.643
0.519
0.471
0.482
0.612
0.377
0.364
0.448
0.314
0.489
0.237
0.456
0.267
0.561

0.628
0.490
0.761
0.728
0.574
0.734
0.806
0.543
0.523
0.637
0.453
0.606
0.331
0.638
0.379
0.629

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

Md = (max
Nd =
2
maxmin N;
My +
2 0,5
max N
minMz )
[kN]
1457
765
883
1714
515
1225
1067
439
516
843
372
2510
421
809
419
1959

[kNm]
656
648
636
1142
584
1763
291
274
264
452
233
495
158
354
189
367

Nd/A

Md/Wel

[kN/cm ]
5.20
2.73
3.92
4.62
2.28
2.67
7.59
3.12
3.67
4.05
2.65
8.95
3.00
4.82
2.98
8.69

[kN/cm ]
16.12
15.92
19.24
21.58
17.66
27.31
18.93
17.84
17.17
20.27
15.13
12.15
10.31
19.46
12.31
11.10

sd

sd/(fyk/gM0)

[kN/cm ]
21.32
18.65
23.16
26.20
19.94
29.97
26.53
20.96
20.84
24.32
17.78
21.11
13.31
24.28
15.30
19.79

[-]
0.600
0.525
0.652
0.738
0.562
0.844
0.747
0.590
0.587
0.685
0.501
0.595
0.375
0.684
0.431
0.558

< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0
< 1,0

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.