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valve opening

full
partial
half
closed

valve opening
full
partial
half
closed

RPM

ei
43
42
41
27

0.80625
0.7875
0.76875
0.50625

ei
51
42
33
25

1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2600
RPM

S.No.

7
8
10
12
15
19

9.1
9.1
9
9
9

h21

h12

16.7
16.3
16
15.2
15.2
14.8

h21
17.9
18
18.1
18.4
18.8
18.7
19.2
h21
18.4
18.3
18.7
19.1
19.4
19.9

h22
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.5
9.9

25.5
28.5
31.5
33

18.6
18.8
19.1
19.6
20.5
20.8
22.2
h12

h21

25.5
28.4
29.3
32.6

32.8
33.5
34
34.5

16.5
16.1
15.7
15.3
14.9
14
12.6
h11

h12
9.3
9.4
9.4
9.5
9.7

h12

h11

0.105
0.12
0.15
0.18
0.225
0.285

h21
32.5
33.5
33.4
33.9

15.7
14.9
14.3
14

0.09
0.15
0.18
0.21
0.285
0.36
0.54
es

h11
1200
1400
1600
1800
2200

h11

es

0.13125
0.15
0.1875
0.225
0.28125
0.35625

h12
15.6
14.5
14.2
14.4

0.765
0.63
0.495
0.375

0.1125
0.1875
0.225
0.2625
0.35625
0.45
0.675
ei

RPM
1
2
3
4
5

es

ei

h11
0.645
0.63
0.615
0.405

0.95625
0.7875
0.61875
0.46875

6
10
12
14
19
24
36

1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200

es

17.75
17.8
18
18.1
18.4
18.6

R1
9
8.9
9
8.8
8.7

9.5
9.5
9.8
10
10.3

S.No.

valve openh11
1 full
2 partial
3 half
4 closed

h12
9.5
9.7
9.9
9.3

h21
8.9
8.7
8.4
8.1

h22
10
9.5
9.3
9.8

R1
8.5
8.8
9.2
8.5

10.5
10
9.9
9.7

fixed speed blower: forward


h22

speed :2900
H
r1
21.4 173.343719008
18 242.681206612
17.3 257.539239669
13.3 320.273157025
fixed speed blower: backward
h22

13.4
19.7
19.5
23.5

H
r1
22.7 164.263809917
18 240.204867769
15.7 293.033429752
13 334.305743802

17.5
19.9
22.4
23.5

H
r1
23.9379421488
30.5415123967
38.7959752066
50.3522231405
63.5593636364
76.7665041322
108.958909091

16.8
16.5
16.3
16
15.8
15.3
14.3

variable speed :forward


h22
17.1
17
16.8
16.6
16.7
16.2
15.6
variable speed : Backward
h22

r2

H
r1
17 20.2234338843
16.9 23.9379421488
16.7 33.0178512397
16.6 44.5740991736
16.5 50.3522231405
16.2 61.9084710744

R
17.8
28
28.3
23.8

r2

R
30.5
28
25.2
23.9

r2

0.13
0.081
0.028
0.004

R
18.1
18.4
18.5
18.9
19.5
19.7
20.6

r2
17
16.8
16.5
16.3
16.2
15.8

0.044
0.083
0.088
0.003

0.013
0.019
0.022
0.029
0.037
0.044
0.063
R

17.9
18
18.2
18.4
18.5
0

0.009
0.012
0.017
0.021
0.023
-0.158

VARIABLE speed AXIAL FAN


R2

P
8.9
8.8
8.9
8.5
9.5

Tp (sec) Ei
Es
9
60 0.16875
11
60 0.20625
14
60
0.2625
18
60
0.3375
28
60
0.525

0.135
0.165
0.21
0.27
0.42

fixed speed AXIAL FAN


R2

P
8.3
8.3
8.4
8.8

Tp (sec) Ei
Es
29
60 0.54375
36
60
0.675
31
60 0.58125
32
60
0.6

0.435
0.54
0.465
0.48

h
v
a
q
eo
nb
no
36.31964 26.14718 3.74E-03 9.78E-02 0.201161 31.18768 24.95015
68.51204 35.91183 3.74E-03 1.34E-01 0.386797 61.39641 49.11713
72.63927 36.9777 3.74E-03 1.38E-01 0.422662 68.72551 54.98041
2.476339 6.82746 3.74E-03 2.55E-02 0.097049 23.96263 19.17011

v
a
q
eo
nb
no
107.308 44.94384 3.74E-03 1.68E-01 0.327659 42.83122 34.26498
66.86115 35.47652 3.74E-03 1.33E-01 0.37821 60.03329 48.02663
23.1125 20.85823 3.74E-03 7.80E-02 0.271272 54.80237 43.8419
3.301785 7.883671 3.74E-03 2.95E-02 0.116972 31.19255 24.95404

h
10.7308
15.68348
18.15982
23.93794
30.54151
36.31964
52.00312

v
a
q
eo
nb
no
14.21249 3.74E-03 5.31E-02
0.0151 16.77739 13.42191
17.18206 3.74E-03 6.42E-02 0.02329 15.52689 12.42151
18.48885 3.74E-03 6.91E-02 0.031835 17.68617 14.14894
21.22743 3.74E-03 7.94E-02 0.047438 22.58951 18.0716
23.97725 3.74E-03 8.97E-02 0.067638 23.73252 18.98602
26.14718 3.74E-03 9.78E-02 0.089085 24.74594 19.79675
31.28735 3.74E-03 1.17E-01 0.151301 28.01868 22.41494

h
v
a
q
eo
nb
no
7.429017 11.82551 3.74E-03 4.42E-02 0.010614 10.1087 8.086958
9.905355 13.65492 3.74E-03 5.11E-02 0.014507 12.08939 9.671516
14.03259 16.2526 3.74E-03 6.08E-02 0.023817 15.8778 12.70224
17.33437 18.06376 3.74E-03 6.75E-02 0.035736 19.85309 15.88247
18.98526 18.90438 3.74E-03 7.07E-02 0.042247 18.77623 15.02098
-130.4205
Err:502 3.74E-03
Err:502
Err:502
Err:502
Err:502

h1

h2
0.002
0.003
0.004
0.005
0.007

R
0.005
0.006
0.005
0.007
0.012

H
A
h
6.00E-03 4.50E+00 0.039777
7.00E-03 5.78E+00 0.039777
9.00E-03 5.78E+00 0.039777
0.015
7.7064 0.039777
0.008 12.2018 0.039777

V
Q
3.8532 8.520917 0.338935
4.4954 9.203643 0.366091
5.7798 10.43595 0.415109
9.633 13.47275 0.535903
5.1376 9.839108 0.391368

h1

h2
0.006
0.01
0.015
0.012

R
0.015
0.007
0.001
0.013

H
0.022
0.017
0.015
0.009

A
h
V
Q
13.4862 0.039777 14.1284 16.31631 0.649011
10.9174 0.039777 10.9174 14.34284 0.570512
10.2752 0.039777
9.633 13.47275 0.535903
16.055 0.039777
5.7798 10.43595 0.415109

Eo(Kw)
Eff of fan Overall eff.
0.018684 13.83979 11.07184
0.025947 15.72524 12.58019
0.029421 14.00987 11.2079
0.050643 18.75655 15.00524
0.058558 13.94245 11.15396

Eo(Kw)
Eff of fan Overall eff.
0.10733 24.67352 19.73882
0.076377 14.14391 11.31512
0.067524 14.5212 11.61696
0.081724 17.02589 13.62071

FORWARD BLADES

RPM

nb
1200
16.75
1400
15.52
1600
17.65
1800
20.02
2000
23.57
2200
24.45
2600 28.01868
2900
31.18

RPM

nb
1200 10.1087
1400 12.08939
1600 15.8778
1800 19.85309
2000 18.77623
2200 21.15897
2900 42.83122

VARIABLE SPEED BLOWER

FIXED SPEED BLOWER

BACKWARD BLADE

VARIABLE SPEED BLOWER

FIXED SPEED BLOWER

nb
fixed blades error (%)
forward
forward

AT 2900 RPM
from experiment
from interpolation( USING VARIABLE
SPEED DATA)

backward
backward

from interpolation
from experiment

31.18
29.812
43.01
42.83122

from experiment and interpolation we could observe th

n0
13.4
12.41
14.12
16.21
18.85
19.56
22.41494
24.901

q
0.053141
0.064244
0.06913
0.079369
0.089651
0.097764
0.116983
0.097764

n0
q
8.086958 0.044216
9.671516 0.051056
12.70224 0.060768
15.88247 0.06754
15.02098 0.070683
16.92717 0.082061
34.26498 0.168045
no

RPM Vs BLOWER
3000
2500

f(x) = 564.4143

2000
RPM

f(x) = 1194.9183196556 ln(x) - 15

1500
1000
500
0
5

10

15

20

BLOWER EFFICIENCY

error of blower effiiency


3000

24.901 4.387428
2500

f(x) = 2114.6776722816 ln(x) -

22.058
27.202 0.415671
34.26498

2000

f(x) = 745.2081234789 exp( 0.0615999022 x )

1500

n we could observe the above stated errors


1000
500
0
6

10

12

14

16

18

discharge vs ove
0.14
0.12
0.1
0.08

f(x) = 0.0030823

0.14
0.12

f(x) = 0.0030823

0.1
0.08
Discharge

f(x) = 0.0001385233x^2 + 0.000286


0.06
0.04
0.02
0
6

10

12

14

16

overall efficienc

RPM Vs BLOWER EFFICIENCY


f(x) = 564.4143853703 exp( 0.0549221725 x )
FORWARD BLADES

x) = 1194.9183196556 ln(x) - 1594.7207721545

FORWARD CURVE FIT


BACKWARD BLADES
BACKWARD CURVE FIT

15

20

25

30

BLOWER EFFICIENCY

f(x) = 2114.6776722816 ln(x) - 4082.4678072836

4789 exp( 0.0615999022 x )


BACKWARDS BLADES
Exponential (BACKWARDS BLADES)
FORWARD BLADES
Logarithmic (FORWARD BLADES)

OVERALL EFFICIENY
14

16

18

20

22

24

ischarge vs overall efficiency

f(x) = 0.0030823625 x^1.160459026


FORWARD BLADES

f(x) = 0.0030823625 x^1.160459026


FORWARD BLADES
forward blade fit

= 0.0001385233x^2 + 0.0002866148x + 0.0339382037

BACKWARD BLADE
backward blade fit

10

12

14

16

overall efficiency

18

20

22

24

AXIAL FAN

VARIABLE SPEED AXIAL FAN

FIXED SPEED AXIAL FAN

RPM
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200

nb
13.83979
15.72524
14.00987
18.7565
13.9424
24.67352

n0
q
11.07184 0.338935
12.58019 0.366091
11.2079 0.415109
15.0052 0.535903
11.154 0.391368
19.73882 0.649011

RPM Vs fan E
2500
2000
1500
RPM
1000
500
0
13

14

15

16

FAN EFFICIENC

axial flo
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
10.5

11

11.5

12

12.5

13

13.

discharge vs ove
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
Discharge

0.6
0.5
0.4
Discharge

0.3
0.2
0.1
0
10

12

14

16

overall efficie

RPM Vs fan EFFICIENCY

axial flow fan

15

16

17

18

19

20

FAN EFFICIENCY

axial flow fan

axial flow fan

OVERALL EFFICIENY
12

12.5

13

13.5

14

14.5

15

15.5

discharge vs overall efficiency

axial flow fan

axial flow fan

14

16
overall efficiency

18

20

22

RPM Vs BLOWER/FAN
EFFICIENCY
3000
2500
2000
1500

RPM

1000
500
0
5

10

15

20

25

BLOWER EFFICIENCY

3000

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

0
6

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

0
6

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

discharge vs overall efficiency


0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4
Discharge
0.3

0.2

0.1

0
6

10

12

14

16

overall efficiency

18

20

R/FAN
Y

FORWARD BLADE BLOWER


Column B
AXIAL FLOW FAN

25

30

BACKWARDS BLADES
FORWARD BLADES
AXIAL FAN

20

22

24

20

22

24

all efficiency

FORWARD BLADES
BACKWARD BLADE
AXIAL FAN

18

20

22

24