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Customer : AXM

Manual : AMM
Type : A318/A319/A320/A321
Selected applicability : 228-228
Rev. Date : Aug 10, 2016
80-10 - (CFMB) - CRANKING

** ON A/C 001-050, 101-105, 108-121, 123-300, 501-701, 703-703, 707-708, 710-710, 715-750

80-10 - (CFMB) - CRANKING


80-10-00 - (CFMB) - CRANKING
80-10-00 PB 001 CONF 06 - CRANKING - DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
1. Air Supply
The air necessary for the starting comes from the duct connecting engine bleed and the precooler via a 4 in.
(101.6 mm) diameter duct. This duct is attached to the engine before the precooler inlet.
Through operation of the croosfeed valve and APU bleed, the air necessary for the starter is supplied by either :
crossbleed from the other engine
the APU and in that case, all the air bled from the APU is used for starting
an external source able to supply a pressure between 25 and 55 psig (1.72 and 3.79 bar).
2. Dry Cranking
A. Requirement
A dry motoring of the engine will be needed when :
it is necessary to eliminate any fuel accumulated in the combustion chamber
a leak ckeck of engine systems is needed.
To perform this operation, the starter is engaged and the engine is motored but the HP fuel shutoff valve
remains closed and both ignition systems are OFF.
NOTE: The procedure to perform a dry cranking is described in chapter 71-00-00 P. Block 501.
NOTE: Make sure that you do not go over the starter limits that follow:
- no engagement of the starter when the core speed is above 20 percent.
- the acceptable duty cycles can be performed by using one the three following procedures:
- 4 consecutive cycles, each of 2 minutes duration with a 20 second rest between 2 consecutive attempts. After 4 cycles, wait 15 minutes to allow starter to cool before you try a new start or
motoring.
- one 5 minute cycle followed by a cooling period of 2 minutes after the first motoring and a 10
minutes interval between the following ones.
- one 15 minute cycle followed by a 15 minute cooling period before you try a new start or motoring.
It is recommended to use the 15 minute cycle only for cooling the engine to do a borescope inspection.
3. Wet Cranking
A. Requirement
A wet motoring will be needed when the integrity of the fuel system has to be checked.
If such a test is performed, both ignition systems are off and the starter is engaged to raise N2 up to the
required speed of 20 percent. The HP fuel shut off valve control lever is moved to ON and the exhaust
nozzle of the engine carefully monitored to detect any trace of fuel.
The test/engine should not be run for more than 15 seconds with the ENG/MASTER 1(2) switch in the ON
position to prevent fuel puddling in the combustion chamber.
NOTE: The procedure to perform a wet cranking is describe in chapter 71-00-00 P. Block 501.
NOTE: Make sure that you do not go over the starter limits that follow:
- no engagement of the starter when the core speed is above 20 percent.
- the acceptable duty cycles can be performed by using one the three following procedures:
Print Date: August 30, 2016
AIRBUS S.A.S. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT.

Page 1 of 6

Customer : AXM
Manual : AMM
Type : A318/A319/A320/A321
Selected applicability : 228-228
Rev. Date : Aug 10, 2016
80-10 - (CFMB) - CRANKING

- 4 consecutive cycles, each of 2 minutes duration with a 20 second rest between 2 consecutive attempts. After 4 cycles, wait 15 minutes to allow starter to cool before you try a new start or
motoring.
- one 5 minute cycle followed by a cooling period of 2 minutes after the first motoring and a 10
minutes interval between the following ones.
- one 15 minute cycle followed by a 15 minute cooling period before you try a new start or motoring.
It is recommended to use the 15 minute cycle only for cooling the engine to do a borescope inspection.
In all cases, the HP fuel shutoff valve control lever will be returned to OFF and the engine will be
motored for at least 60 seconds to eliminate entrapped fuel or vapor.
4. Starting Control and Indicating
A. General
The starting control signals are acquired by the FADEC unit from the ENG START panel (115VU), and the
overhead panel via EIU.
B. Operation
(1)
ENG start panel is used in the following conditions :
(a)
On ground for :
engine dry cranking
engine wet motoring
engine starting (manual and automatic)
(b)
In flight :
in flight relight with starter assistance
in flight relight without starter assistance
(2)
Starting on ground
(Ref. Fig. Ignition and Starting System SHEET 1)

Print Date: August 30, 2016


AIRBUS S.A.S. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT.

Page 2 of 6

Customer : AXM
Manual : AMM
Type : A318/A319/A320/A321
Selected applicability : 228-228
Rev. Date : Aug 10, 2016
80-10 - (CFMB) - CRANKING

2KS1
401PP
28VDC
ESS BUS
4KS1
301PP
28VDC
BAT BUS

FILTER

FILTER

STARTER
VALVE

SPARK
IGNITER A

1JH
401XP
115VAC
ESS BUS

ENG 1&2/IGN/SYS A 49VU

FILTER

EXCITER A
3JH1

2JH1

901XP
115VAC
STAT INV
BUS BAR

103XP
115VAC
BUS 1

FILTER

ENG/IGN 1/ENG 1/SYS B 121VU

ON

CRANK

FIRE P/BSW

EXCITER B

OFF

AUTO

1WD

11

12 13 14 15 16

LABEL 031
B

ON
3KC

SPARK
IGNITER B

MAN START

IGN

FILTER

OFF
CRK
AUTO IGN

PERMANENT
MAGNETIC

A1

ALTERNATOR

IGN
A2

6KS

B1
1KS1

ON

ON

EIU1

85VU

ENGINE 1
B2

9KS1
MAN START 1

4000KS1

9KS2
MAN START 2

ECU1

B2

ENGINE 2

B1
2KC

A1
ON

MAGNETIC

ECAM

AUTO IGN
6KS

ALTERNATOR

FILTER

IGN
11 12 13 14 15 16

1WD

IGN

3JH2
204XP
115VAC
BUS 2
901XP
115VAC
STAT INV
BUS BAR

PERMANENT

A2

OFF
CRK

AUTO
CRANK

ENG/IGN/ENG 2/SYS B 121 VU

FILTER

LABEL 031
MAN START
OFF
ON

SPARK
IGNITER B

2JH2

EXCITER B
ENG/IGN/ENG 1&2/SYS A/BAT 121VU
FILTER

4KS2

EXCITER A

202PP
28VDC
BUS 2
2KS2
401PP
28VDC
ESS BUS

1KS2

EIU2

86VU

FILTER

FILTER

4000KS2

SPARK
IGNITER A

STARTER
VALVE

ECU2

N_MM_801000_0_RAM0_01_00

Figure 80(CFMB)-10-00-16100-06-A / SHEET 1/1 - Ignition and Starting System


** ON A/C 001-050, 101-105, 108-121, 123-300, 501-701, 703-703, 707-708, 710-710, 715-750
Print Date: August 30, 2016
AIRBUS S.A.S. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT.

Page 3 of 6

Customer : AXM
Manual : AMM
Type : A318/A319/A320/A321
Selected applicability : 228-228
Rev. Date : Aug 10, 2016
80-10 - (CFMB) - CRANKING

(3)

(Ref. 74-31-00, para 2.A. and 2.B.)


Engine relight in flight
FADEC identified windmilling or starter assisted conditions.
Restart in flight uses the same procedure as on the ground.
(a)
Engine relight in windmilling configuration in flight conditions (mach, altitude are in
the windmilling relight range), the engine can be relit without using the starter and
provided N2 is:
higher than 12 percent up to 20000 ft
higher than 15 percent between 20000 and 27000 ft (maximum relight altitude without starter
assistance).
The procedure is as follows:
Place ENG/MODE/CRANK/NORM/IGN/START selector switch in IGN/START position
place the MASTER control lever in ON position
(b)
Relight using starter
The procedure is the same as for a start on ground.
The engine air start envelope is referenced in figure
(Ref. Fig. Air Start Envelope SHEET 1)

Print Date: August 30, 2016


AIRBUS S.A.S. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT.

Page 4 of 6

Customer : AXM
Manual : AMM
Type : A318/A319/A320/A321
Selected applicability : 228-228
Rev. Date : Aug 10, 2016
80-10 - (CFMB) - CRANKING

35000

30000

ALTITUDE - FT

25000
A
I
R
S
T
A
R
T

20000

15000
STABILIZED
WINDMILL
10000

5000
STARTER ASSIST

E
N
V
E
L
O
P
E

0
0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

AIRSPEED - KTS

ESTIMATED STANDARD DAY IN-FLIGHT STARTING ENVELOPE


BASED ON A320 FLIGHT TEST DATA WITH AIRCRAFT ACCESSORY
TORQUE OF ONE IDG AND ONE PRESSURE HYDRAULIC PUMP.

AIRSTARTS OUTSIDE THE ABOVE ENVELOPE MAY BE ATTEMPTED


AT OPERATOR'S DISCRETION: HOWEVER, SPECIAL PROCEDURES
MAY BE REQUIRED. (REFER TO THE AIRPLANE OPERATIONS
DOCUMENTATION).
GSM-1113473-00-A
N_MM_801000_0_RBM0_01_00

Figure 80(CFMB)-10-00-16200-06-A / SHEET 1/1 - Air Start Envelope


** ON A/C 001-050, 101-105, 108-121, 123-300, 501-701, 703-703, 707-708, 710-710, 715-750
Print Date: August 30, 2016
AIRBUS S.A.S. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT.

Page 5 of 6

Customer : AXM
Manual : AMM
Type : A318/A319/A320/A321
Selected applicability : 228-228
Rev. Date : Aug 10, 2016
80-10 - (CFMB) - CRANKING

(4)
Continuous ignition (Ref. 74-31-00, para. 1.C.)
C. Warnings
When a fault occurs during engine start, warning messages appear on the upper ECAM. They warn the
crew about the failure and indicate the procedure to perform.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------!
FAILURE
! OPERATIONAL CONSEQUENCE !
WARNING/CAUTION MESSAGE !
!--------------------!---------------------------!----------------------------!
!
!
! - ENG 1 (2) AUTO START
!
!
!
!
FAULT
!
!
Starter SOV
!
! - START VALVE NOT OPEN
!
!
fails closed
!
! - XBLEED .... OPEN
!
!
!
! - APU BLEED ... OPEN
!
!
!
! - ENG MASTER 1 (2) ....OFF !
!--------------------!
!----------------------------!
!
! - MASTER CAUT on
! - ENG 1 (2) AUTO START
!
!
!
!
FAULT
!
!
Starter SOV
! - FAULT legend on
! - START VALVE NOT CLOSED
!
!
fails open
!
! - START AIR SUPPLY ....ISOL!
!
!
! - ENG MASTER 1 (2) ....OFF !
!--------------------!
!----------------------------!
!
!
! - ENG 1 (2) AUTO START
!
!
HP fuel SOV
!
!
FAULT
!
!
fails closed
!
! - HP FUEL VALVE NOT OPEN
!
!
!
! - ENG MASTER 1 (2) ....OFF !
!--------------------!---------------------------!----------------------------!
!
Engine stall
! Increased engine starting ! - ENG 1 (2) STARTING
!
! during starting
!
duration
!
RECOVERY IN PROCESS
!
!--------------------!---------------------------!----------------------------!
!
Hung start
! Increased engine starting ! - ENG 1 (2) STARTING
!
!
!
duration
!
RECOVERY IN PROCESS
!
!--------------------!---------------------------!----------------------------!
!
!
! - ENG 1 (2) AUTO START
!
!
High EGT during !
!
FAULT
!
!
starting
!
! - ENG 1 (2) EGT OVERLIMIT !
!
!
! - ENG MASTER 1 (2) ....OFF !
!--------------------! - MASTER CAUT on
!----------------------------!
!
! - FAULT legend on
! - ENG 1 (2) AUTO START
!
!
Engine stall
! - Start abort
!
FAULT
!
!
during starting !
! - ENG 1 (2) STALL
!
!
!
! - ENG MASTER 1 (2) ....OFF !
!--------------------!
!----------------------------!
!
!
! - ENG 1 (2) AUTO START
!
!
!
!
FAULT
!
! No engine light - !
! - ENG 1 (2) IGNITION FAULT !
!
off
!
! - NEW START IN PROGRESS
!
!
!
! - AUTO DRY CRANK PROCESS
!
!
!
! - ENG MASTER 1 (2) ....OFF !
------------------------------------------------------------------------------Figure 80(CFMB)-10-00-16100-06-A / SHEET 1/1 - Ignition and Starting System
Figure 80(CFMB)-10-00-16200-06-A / SHEET 1/1 - Air Start Envelope

End of document

Print Date: August 30, 2016


AIRBUS S.A.S. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT.

Page 6 of 6