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APPDCL - SDSTPS,

UNITS # 1 & 2 (2 x 800 MW) - KRISHNAPATNAM

Structural Design of Box Culvert

TATA Projects Limited

STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF BOX CULVERT


1. DESIGN DATA FOR CLEAR SPAN UP TO 1.5 M:

200

Clear span
Clear height
Thickness of wall
Thickness of Base slab
Thickness of Cover slab

L
H
T
D
T1

=
=
=
=
=

Soil density
Angle of internal friction for soil
Coeff of earth pressure at rest
Density of concrete
Net safe bearing capacity

gd
f

=
=
=
=
=

Surcharge load
(350)/(0.85x3.6)
Road thick above culvert
Density of road material
Width considered
Clear cover
Dia of main reinf.
Eff.depth
Factor for dead Load
Factor for live Load
Load calculations:
1. Dead load :
Self weight of cover slab
Self weight of base slab
Self weight of wall
(1.35x 0.2x 30x 1) x2
Road weight
(0x25x1)
Live load
Total vertical load (DL + LL)
2. Earth pressure :
Earth pressure on wall

SBC

200

30
0.50
3
30 kN/m

100 kN/m

=
=
=

1000 mm

=
=
=

165 mm

=
=
=

6.00 kN/m
16.20 kN/m

kN/m

200

1500

200

IRC Class AA loading Tracked vehicle

m
25 kN/m3
30 mm
10 mm
1.5
1.5

6.00 kN/m

Refer Clause 5

= 121.53 kN/m
= 149.73 kN/m

we

=
=

ws
ws

ww

(1+0.25)*350/3.6

15.75 kN/m
6.31 kNm/m

= 114.38 kN/m
= 100.08 kN/m
=

77.56 kNm/m

9.81 kN/m

Moment due to water pressure

2.98 kNm/m

Total Load on cover slab

= 1.5 * 6.00 + 1.5 * 0.00+ 1.5 * 121.53


= 191.30 kN/m

Doc. No. TPL-069-CAL-C-6003, Rev. P0 A

1350

3
18 kN/m

c
d

200 mm
200 mm

=
=

Moment due to surcharge


4.Water pressure :
Water pressure on wall

200 mm

d
rd

Dmain.

1350 mm

= 114.38 kN/m2

Moment due to earth pressure


3. Surcharge load :
Surcharge load
Force due to surcharge

1500 mm

Page 28 of 76

FICHTNER INDIA

APPDCL - SDSTPS,
UNITS # 1 & 2 (2 x 800 MW) - KRISHNAPATNAM

Total moment

=
=

6.31 + 77.56 + 2.98


86.85 kNm/m

5.Wheel Load :
Type of Vehicle
Live load on cover slab
Impact Factor

Length of Culvert (ie Road width)


Effective span of Slab
Type of Vehicle

Structural Design of Box Culvert

TATA Projects Limited

B
L

Total Wheel Load


Impact Factor
Width of wheel base along the length of culvert
Distance between Axles
s
Distance between wheels
d1,d2,d3

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

IRC Class AA

=
=
=
=
=

200 kN
25 %

Tracked vehicle

350 kN
25%
(1+0.25)*350/3.6
121.5 kN/m
20 m
1.7 m
IRC Class AA

wheeled vehicle
(Since one row wheel
load on the culvert)

300 mm
1.2 m
0.6

0.6

Calculation of Effective Width of Dispersion

0.6

0.6

Ratio of Width of Slab to Eff. span of Slab B/L


Constant k (From Table 14 of IS 456 - 2000)
Distance of centroid of Conc. load
Width of dispersion at bottom of slab
Width of dispersion in the span direction
Effective width of dispersion of one Wheel
Total Dispersed width of 4 Wheels
Concentrated Wheel Load

x
bw
be

=
=
=
=
=

20/1.7
11.765
2.24
0.85 m
0.45 m

=
=
=

1.40 m

69.4 kN/m

0.7 m
3.60 m

Check for base pressure :


Total vertical load, P
Base pressure

Doc. No. TPL-069-CAL-C-6003, Rev. P0 A

= 149.73 kN/m
= P/A
= 149.73/((200+1500+200)/1000)
= 78.81

Page 29 of 76

FICHTNER INDIA

APPDCL - SDSTPS,
UNITS # 1 & 2 (2 x 800 MW) - KRISHNAPATNAM

Structural Design of Box Culvert

TATA Projects Limited

2
79 kN/m

2
131.5 kN/m

<

SAFE
Fixed End Moments
Considering each member as a separate fixed member
wl(d+l)2/12

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

wld2/12
wl1 /8
wl2/12
wsl2/12

wel2/20
wel2/30

191.3*((1500+200)/1000)^2/12
46.07
1.5*(6+0)*((1500+200)/1000)^2/12
2.17
1.5*69.41*((1500+200)/1000)/8
22.12
(1.5*SUM(6:16.2)+1.5*121.53)*1000/1000*((1500+200)/1000)^2/12
54.09
1.5*114.38*((1350+200)/1000)^2/12
34.35
(1.5*15.75*((1350+200)/1000)^2/20)
2.84
1.5*(15.75*((1350+200)/1000)^2/30)
1.89

MAB = MBA

2
2
= Max(wl(d+l) /12 , wld /12+ wll /8)

MDC = MCD

=
=

MDA = MCB

= 54.09 kNm
2
2
= wsl /12 + wel /20

MAD = MBC

= 37.19 kNm
2
2
= wsl /12 + wel /30

46.07 kNm
wl2/12

36.24 kNm

Moment Distribution
-3.34
2.46
-40.27

3.34
-46.52

46.52

-4.23

-3.34
46.52

-3.34

4.23

3.34

8.45

4.23

-54.09

-8.45

-2.46

54.09

-4.91

-46.52

-46.07

-4.91
46.07

8.45

-2.46
4.91

-36.24

40.27
D

40.27

3.34

37.19

-40.27

Design moments
Top Slab

Doc. No. TPL-069-CAL-C-6003, Rev. P0 A

fixed moment
Span moment

= 40.27
= 28.83

Page 30 of 76

kNm
kNm

FICHTNER INDIA

APPDCL - SDSTPS,
UNITS # 1 & 2 (2 x 800 MW) - KRISHNAPATNAM

Walls
BottomSlab

Structural Design of Box Culvert

TATA Projects Limited

= 46.52
= 46.52
= -13.31

kNm
kNm
kNm

Top Slab
Walls
BottomSlab
Max Shear

=
=
=
=

kN
kN
kN
kN

Moment Mu,
Concrete grade
Steel grade

= 40.27

fixed moment
Span moment

Design shear
143.47
126.44
67.77
143.47

Design of Top Slab

Clear cover
fck
sst

= 30
mm
N/mm2
= 30
N/mm2
= 415
= 0.48
4.139

xumax/d
mulim/bd2

Thickness provided

Steel / m

dprov
Mu/bd2

= 165

pt

Ast / m

= 0.12
Ast

mm

= 40x1E6 / ( 1000 x 165^2 )


= 1.48
= ( 1 - SQRT ( 1 - 1.48 * 4 / (0.87x 30) ) ) x 100 x 30
2 x 415
= 0.44
%

Minimum % of steel

10 tor

kNm

M30
Fe415

= 0.44 x 1000 x 165/100


150 c/c provided

Shear Stress / m

Shear Stress/m

(allowable)

mm2
= 719
required
mm2
= 524
provided
= 0.32
%
NOT OK
= 143 x 1000 / (1000 x165)
= 0.87
N/mm
= 1.64
N/mm
OK
(using enhancement factor -2d / a v * t c )
(where a v = d / 2)

Design of Wall
Moment Mu,
Thickness provided

Steel / m

pt

Minimum % of steel
Ast / m

Ast

10 tor

= 47
= 165

dprov
Mu/bd2

150 c/c provided

kNm
mm

= 47x1E6 / ( 1000 x 165^2 )


= 1.71
= ( 1 - SQRT ( 1 - 1.71 * 4 / (0.87x 30) ) ) x 100 x 30
2 x 415
= 0.51
%
= 0.12
%
= 0.51 x 1000 x 165/100
mm2
= 840
required
mm2
= 524
provided
= 0.32
%
NOT OK

Design of Bottom slab


Moment Mu,
Thickness provided

Steel / m

pt

Minimum % of steel
Ast / m

Ast

10 tor

Distributors Reinforcement
Minimum % of steel
Ast / m

Doc. No. TPL-069-CAL-C-6003, Rev. P0 A

= 47
= 165

dprov
Mu/bd2

150 c/c provided

kNm
mm

= 47x1E6 / ( 1000 x 165^2 )


= 1.71
= ( 1 - SQRT ( 1 - 1.71 * 4 / (0.87x 30) ) ) x 100 x 30
2 x 415
= 0.51
%
= 0.12
%
= 0.51 x 1000 x 165/100
mm2
= 840
required
mm2
= 524
provided
= 0.32
%
NOT OK

= 0.12
%
= 0.0012 x 200 x 1000

Ast

Page 31 of 76

FICHTNER INDIA

APPDCL - SDSTPS,
UNITS # 1 & 2 (2 x 800 MW) - KRISHNAPATNAM

10 tor

Doc. No. TPL-069-CAL-C-6003, Rev. P0 A

Structural Design of Box Culvert

TATA Projects Limited

150 c/c provided

Page 32 of 76

= 240
= 524
= 0.32

mm2
mm2
%

required
provided
OK

FICHTNER INDIA