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MORE POWER.

MORE ENERGY.
MORE IDEAS.TM

HIGH VOLTAGE CAPACITORS


High quality and highly reliable
capacitors for circuit breakers,
capacitive voltage transformers
and laboratory use

Company Insight

CONDIS
High Voltage
Capacitors
Maxwell Technologies SA is
recognized as the global leader in
High Voltage Capacitor Technology
due to first-in-class products
quality and reliability, excellent
electrical & mechanical strength
resulting in long lifetime and its
ability to respond to individual
customer requirements. Additional
strengths are intensive R&D
activities to maintain our market
position as well as the leadership
role in setting HV capacitor
standards.

Our Mission

To provide products for the optimal management of electricity

Our Goals

I To assure a profitable growth while positioning ourselves as leader


I To be recognized as an enterprise where the employees are satisfied
I To anticipate the needs of the market due to permanent innovation
I To develop strong partnerships internally and externally

Our Values

Entrepreneurial spirit

Integrity

I
I
I
I

I
I
I
I

Own the job


Professionalism
Initiative
Courage

Respect
Honesty
Objectivity
Authenticity

Team spirit

Velocity

I
I
I
I

I
I
I
I

Communication
Support
Recognition
Satisfaction

Goal oriented
Improvement
Renewal
Passion

Maxwell Technologies SA CONDIS HV Capacitors

CONDIS
High Voltage
Capacitors
provide safe and reliable products
for applications in:
I Live tank circuit breakers

I Dead tank circuit breakers


I GIS circuit breakers

I Capacitive voltage transformers


(CVT)

I Laboratories

I Other special HV applications

Maxwell Technologies is the


world leader in high voltage
capacitor technology, due to:

I Improved technology and


quality with automation and in
line quality controls

I Flexibility for new or special


applications

I Protection against corrosion

I Leadership in setting HV
capacitor standards

I Standardised construction
I Excellent mechanical and
electrical strength
I Short delivery time

I First-in-class products quality


and reliability

Grading Capacitors

Page

Coupling Capacitors

Page

GIS Capacitors

Page

Capacitive Voltage Divider (CVD)

Page

10

Speciality Capacitors

Page

11

CONDIS Technology

Page

12

Design Details

Page

13

Technical Overview

Page

14

Type Test Overview

Page

16

Certification

Page

18

Inquiry Form

Page

19

I Long lifetime

Table of
contents

I Intensive R&D activities to


maintain our market position

I Flexible, customized-products

Grading Capacitors
For live tank
breakers
Grading capacitors used in live tank
circuit breakers allow the high
voltage to be distributed uniformly
in the interrupting chambers.
Our years of experience and
Know-How in the production of
high voltage capacitors make them
suitable for all types of applications
in the transport and distribution of
electrical energy.

Technical specifications
Capacitance min

from 200 pF

Nominal voltage Un

from 9kV to 310kv 50/60Hz

Test voltage

up to 600kV 50/60Hz

Lightning impulse voltage

up to 1300kV 1.2/50s

Switching impulse voltage

up to 1000kV 250/2500s

Lightning impulse voltage


chopped wave

up to 2000kV 1.2/2s

Vibrations and mechanical shocks

up to 40g

Cantilever strength

from 5kNm to 25kNm

Other values on request


4

Maxwell Technologies SA CONDIS HV Capacitors

Porcelain
Insulator
The table below gives an overview of
the standard porcelains and their
maximum capacitance. Please note
that only the insulators are

I fixing independent of flange diameter

standardised. Changing test voltage


levels may result in a change of Cmax.
Any capacitance less than or equal to
Cmax may be selected. All standard
porcelains are equipped with
alternating long-short sheds and are in
full compliance with IEC 60815.
Our standard fixing method offers
the following advantages:

I interchangeability of old and new


CONDIS capacitors
I compatibility with attachment of
synthetic composite insulators
Other fixing methods available on
request

distance between
flanges
L, [mm]

creepage
min
[mm]

UN
max
[kV]

Utest
max
[kV]

UBIL
max
[kV]

Uch
max
[kV]

Cmax in PF
for flanges diam. (mm)
210
230
255

Weight in kg
for flanges diam. (mm)
210
230
255

1200
1200-1280
1400
1400-1480
1600
1600-1680
1800
1750-1830
2000
2000-2080

4525

125

265

630

815

5000

6400

12000

3700
4525
5260
5650
4500
6315
6300
7180
8800

145

315

750

970

4000

5100

9500

170

375

860

1110

3100

4000

7400

180

435

950

1225

3200

5000

7500

300

520

1050

1355

2500

4000

6100

75
90
78
95
110
116
100
118
125
137
155

95
112
107
121
135
145
130
171
150
196
196

120
125
125
144
155
168
152
187
172
205
---

2200
2200-2280

8800

300

560

1200

1380

2500

4000

6100

190

220

---

See design details on page 13

Composite
Insulator
The composite insulator consists of a
cylindrical tube of fibre-reinforced
epoxy coated with Silicon Rubber (SiR).
distance between
flanges
L, [mm]
1200
1184-1232
1400
1376-1424
1500
1472-1520
1600
1568-1664
1800
1760-1856
2000
1952-2048
2200
2192-2240
2600
2576-2672

The sheds are integrated into the


coating. The electrical and mechanical
properties of the composite insulator
exceed those of all known synthetic
materials and porcelain. SiR maintains
its superior hydrophobicity and
resistance to creepage currents over
decades of use. Capacitors based on
composite insulators offer the following
advantages:

I
I
I
I
I

explosion-proof
reduced weight of capacitor
easier handling
fail-safe behaviour
reduced volume thanks to CONDOR
technology
A standard range of products is shown
in the table below.
Specials are available on request

creepage
min
[mm]

Un
max
[kV]

Utest
max
[kV]

UBIL
max
[kV]

Uch
max
[kV]

Cmax in pF
for flanges diam. [mm]
160
200

weight in kg
for flanges diam. [mm]
160
200

2990

125

265

630

815

4500

12500

25

40

3445

145

315

750

970

3800

10500

28

44

3670

160

350

800

1040

3300

9500

32

47

4010

170

375

860

1110

3200

9000

37

50

4575

180

435

950

1225

3000

8500

35

55

4910

210

520

1050

1355

2300

7900

48

60

7956

250

560

1200

1380

2500

6200

42

65

9463

300

600

1300

1680

2500

7000

50

80

See design details on page 13

Coupling Capacitors
For dead tank
breakers
Coupling capacitors are used on
dead tank breakers to limit the
overvoltage coming from a short
distance fault on a low capacitive
line.

Technical specifications
Capacitance min

from 300 pF

Nominal voltage Un

from 9kV to 250kV 50/60Hz

Test voltage

up to 600kV 50/60Hz

Lightning impulse voltage

up to 1300kV 1.2/50s

Switching impulse voltage

up to 1000kV 250/2500s

Lightning impulse voltage


chopped wave

up to 2000kV 1.2/2s

Vibrations and mechanical shocks

up to 40g

Cantilever strength

from 5kNm to 25kNm

Other values on request


6

Maxwell Technologies SA CONDIS HV Capacitors

standardised. Changing test voltage


levels may result in a change of Cmax.
Any capacitance less than or equal to
Cmax may be selected. All standard
porcelains are equipped with
alternating long-short sheds and are in
full compliance with IEC 60815. Our
standard fixing method offers the
following advantages:

Porcelain
Insulator
The table below gives an overview of
the standard porcelains and their
maximum capacitance. Please note
that only the insulators are
U nom
[kV]
72.5

U BIL
[kV]
350

145

650

170
245

750
900

1050

362
550

1300
1800

Cmax
[pF]
5200
12000
3000
6000
12000
3000
3000
5500
10000
15000
5500
9000
12000
7000
1250

Total length
[mm]
780
705
1550
1430
1396
1750
1950
1790
1953
1825
2327
2065
2215
2860
4360

Composite
Insulator
The composite insulator consists of a
cylindrical tube of fibre-reinforced
epoxy coated with Silicon Rubber (SiR).
The sheds are integrated into the
U nom
[kV]
72.5
145

U BIL
[kV]
350
650

170

750

245

900

362

1050
1300

550

1800

Cmax
[pF]
12000
3000
6000
12000
3000
5000
12000
3000
10000
15000
30000
12000
2000
7000
8000
1250

Distance between
flange [mm]
550
511
1400
1250
1186
1600
1800
1594
1743
1575
2131
1871
2005
1440

Distance between
flange [mm]
847
1424
1196
1196
1414
1426
1530
1808
1731
1628
1575
2187
2674
2596
2348
-

I interchangeability of old and new

CONDIS capacitors
I compatibility with attachment of
synthetic composite insulators
Other fixing methods available on
request

Creepage distance
[mm]
2700
1700
3700
3700
3500
5250
4500
5250
5537
5500
6140
3960
5210
7000
14360

coating. The electrical and mechanical


properties of the composite insulator
exceed those of all known synthetic
materials and porcelain. SiR maintains
its superior hydrophobicity and
resistance to creepage currents over
decades of use.
Capacitors based on composite
insulators offer the following
advantages:

Total lenght
[mm]
977
1543
1347
1347
1543
1556
1670
1943
1871
1818
1825
2327
2809
2726
2538
4360

I fixing independent of flange diameter

Diameter of flange
# of pieces
[mm]
in series
210
1
255
1
210
1
230
1
285
1
210
1
210
1
255
1
285
1
380
1
230
1
155
1
285
1
340
2
255
2
See design details on page 13

I
I
I
I
I

explosion-proof
reduced weight of capacitor
easier handling
fail-safe behaviour
reduced volume thanks to CONDOR
technology
A standard range of products is shown
in the table below.
Specials are available on request

Creepage distance
[mm]
1986
5124
2907
2907
5114
5038
3856
6573
4309
3938
3918
5346
9832
6348
5816
14990

Diameter of flange
# of pieces
[mm]
in series
200
1
160
1
200
1
200
1
160
1
200
1
232
1
160
1
200
1
286
1
344
1
200
1
160
1
200
1
232
1
160
2
See design details on page 13

GIS Capacitors
For gas insulated
circuit breakers
GIS circuit breakers for tough
environments with extreme
temperature variations, dust,
pollution or confined space use
grading capacitors. Coupling
capacitors for special applications
are also available for this type of
switchgear.

Technical specifications
Capacitance min

from 200 pF

Nominal voltage Un

up to 500kV 50/60Hz

Test voltage

up to 720kV 50/60Hz

Lightning impulse voltage

up to 1200kV 1.2/50s

Switching impulse voltage

up to 1000kV 250/2500s

Lightning impulse voltage


chopped wave

up to 2000kV 1.2/2s

Vibrations and mechanical shocks

up to 40g

Other values on request


8

Maxwell Technologies SA CONDIS HV Capacitors

Typical GIS
Capacitor Design

HV GIS capacitors are dedicated to


various types of Gas Insulated
Switchgear, and the design is
therefore customer-specific. The
general design can be seen in the
outline drawing above.
Independent of the application the
flanges, tubes, and field distribution
will remain unchanged. Backward
compatibility with our former
technology is 100% guaranteed.

However, the CONDOR technology


will often permit new concepts and
designs, i.e. by higher capacitance
in a given space.
The table below shows selected
types of GIS capacitors to give an
idea of the maximum capacitance

possible with the CONDOR


technology.

flange
diameter
D, [mm]

overall
length
L tot, [mm]

flashover
length
L, [mm]

C
max
[pF]

UN
max
[kV]

Utest
max
[kV]

UBIL
max
[kV]

Uch
max
[kV]

100
100
120
120
120
120
140
140
140
174
174

600
750
600
750
900
1300
900
900
1200
1300
1500

546
696
530
680
830
1230
828
828
1128
1210
1410

700
600
1400
1100
950
950
3100
1500
1000
2000
3500

180
280
180
210
140
250
110
140
280
250
250

460
570
420
460
400
570
300
440
700
570
570

1050
1150
970
1050
1160
1500
800
1160
1700
1500
1500

1150
1270
1150
1365
1700
2000
1200
1700
2000
2000
2000

Capacitive Voltage Divider (CVD)


Capacitor voltage dividers (CVD)
are a component used on complete
capacitive transformers to measure
the voltage and/or the power on a
high voltage overhead power line.

Technical specifications
Capacitance

from 1nF to 30nF

Nominal voltage Un

from 72.5kV to 765kV

Test voltage

up to 1200kV (525kV/section)

Lightning impulse voltage

up to 2425kV (1050kV/section)

Other values on request


Standards:

IEC 60 044-05
IEC 60358
IEEE C93.1

Um
ANSI / IEC
[kV]

Maximum
capacitance
[pF]

Utest
ANSI / IEC
[kV]

UBIL
ANSI / IEC
[kV]

Overall
length
[mm]

Creepage
distance
[mm]

Number
of
section

Type
of
Design

Temp.
range
[oC]

72.5
110/123
110/123
145
145
170
220/250
300/330
362
420
500/550
750

23000
12000
15000
10000
11500
10000
9000
7000
5000
4500
4500
3000

140/165
230/265
230/266
230/266
275/320
325/370
460/525
460/510
510/785
630/680
680/900
1150

350
550
550
550
650
750
1050
1050
1175/1550
1425
1550/1800
2250

1040
1205
1320
1415
1530/1740
1740/1940
2300/2440
3075/3495
3495
3895
4895
7350

2200
3160
3160
3880
3880/4600
4600/5315
6510/6990
7760/9200
9200
10630
13980
20970

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
3

A*
A*
B*
A*
B*
B*
B*
B*
B*
B*
B*
B*

-50/70
-25/71
-50/70
-25/70
-50/70
-50/70
-50/70
-50/70
-50/70
-50/70
-50/70
-50/70

* See examples of two design types on page 13


10

Maxwell Technologies SA CONDIS HV Capacitors

Speciality Capacitors
For laboratory
applications

HV Capacitors can be used in


the laboratory as a:
I Coupling capacitor for PD
measurement

I HV divider for 50Hz voltage


measurement
I HV RC divider for impulse
voltage measurement
I Capacitive load for Series
Resonance installation

I Capacitive load for DC installation


I Other applications

For special
applications

Speciality HV Capacitors can


be used as a:
I Coupling capacitor for on-site
PD measurement

I Coupling capacitor for generator


circuit breaker
I Other applications

Technical specifications
Capacitance

from 150pF to 500nF

Nominal voltage Un

from 20kV to 1000kV

Test voltage

1.2 x Un (or as requested)

PD level

< 1.2 pC

Other values on request

11

CONDIS Technology
Maxwell applies CONDOR (CDOR),
the companys latest technological
development, using aluminium foil
capacitors with polypropylenepaper mixed dielectric,
impregnated with synthetic oil.
Within the high voltage capacitors
over 100 flat windings are
connected in series. Key element
of Maxwells proprietary CDOR
technology is the automated
stacking and series connection of
the flat windings through welded
connections between the individual
windings. This allows the
suppression of aluminium
connections and manual soldering

external to the windings.


The CDOR technology offers the
following advantages:
I Lower weight
I shorter lead-time
I higher quality and reliability
I less variation of the electrical
performance
I high temperature stability
I small size of active parts
resulting in lower capacitor cost
I superior integration into the
designs of the customer

Basic winding Technologies

Automated winding
and assembly line

12

CDOR (CONDOR)

CDCT

CDHT

Material

Aluminium foil without


manual soldering

Aluminium foil

Aluminium foil

Dielectric

Polypropylene-paper
dilectric

Polypropylene-paper
dielectric

Paper dielectric

Connection

Welding on fully
automated winding
and assembly lines

Contact points
soldered

Contact points
soldered

Loss factor at Un
(tan )

20.10

20.10-4

50.10-4

-4

Advanced drying installations

Impregnation

Maxwell Technologies SA CONDIS HV Capacitors

Design Details
Grading and
Coupling
Capacitors
Porcelain Insulator

Composite Insulator

Flange
Fixation
diam.
length
d,[mm] L2,[mm]
210
L+6490
230
L+64120
255
L+64134

Total
length
L tot
L+150
L+180
L+194

A
[mm]

Flange
Fixation
diam.
length
d,[mm] L2,[mm]
160
L+6490
200
L+64120

Total
length
L tot
L+127
L+150

A
[mm]

115
130
140

78
108

Capacite Voltage
Dividers
Type A - Example for CVD 72.5 kV

Type B - Example for CVD 362 kV


13

Technical Overview

of CONDIS Technology
Capacitance range CN:

standard types from ~ 150 pF 10 nF


higher capacitance on request

Tolerance on CN:

+/-5% or +/-2%
other tolerances on request

Operating voltage Un:

up to 800 kV
higher voltage on request

Loss factor (tan ):

< 20 x 10-4 at 20C, 50 Hz;


< 50 x 10-4 for CDHT

Partial discharge level:

< 5 pC
lower levels on request

Ambient temperature during operation


Indoor and GIS:
Outdoor:

- 40C to +87.5C
- 55C to +75C

Storage temperature:
Indoor and GIS:
Outdoor:

-55C to +90C
-55C to +75C

Inductance:

typically 1 nH per mm length

Lifetime expectancy:

20-30 years

Impregnation oil:

Blend of benzyltoluene (BT) and


dibenzyltoluene (DBT)
Guaranteed no PCB content

Installation:

in any position

Max. height above zero allowed: 1000 m


other heights on request

14

Maxwell Technologies SA CONDIS HV Capacitors

Loss factor (tan ) behaviour


Loss factor (tan )
versus Temperature

Loss factor (tan )


versus Voltage

50

50

45
(typical curve at UN) Tg d 10-4

(typical curve at UN) Tg d 10-4

45
cdht

40
35
30
25
20
15

cdor + cdct

10
5

40

cdht

35
30
25
20
15

cdor + cdct

10
5
0

0
-60

-40

0
20
40
-20
temperature (oC)

60

80

0.5

1.5
U/UN

2.5

1.5
U/UN

2.5

Capacitance behaviour
Capacitance
versus Temperature

Capacitance
versus Voltage

1.05

1.006

1.04

1.02

(typical curve) C/CN

(typical curve) C/CN

1.03
cdht

1.01
1.00
.99

cdor + cdct

.98

1.004

1.002

.998

.97
.96

.996

.95
-60

-40

0
20
40
-20
temperature (oC)

60

80

0.5

15

Type Test Overview


The type test performed by
Maxwell Technologies SA cover or
exceed the most severe conditions
taken from all available
international and customer specific
standards. We therefore cover all

customers specifications and


establish a new yardstick regarding
quality and reliability.
The available test reports are listed
below:

Group 1: Outdoor capacitors, porcelain insulators


RE 12.0187
STC 95.002
RE 12.0107
RE 12.0108
RE 12.0144

Electrical type tests, full-size capacitors


Mechanical type test, full size capacitors
Tightness tests (seal)
Pressure-temperature tests (endurance)
Corrosion test

Group 2: Outdoor capacitors, composite insulators


RE 12.0181
STC 95.024

Electrical type tests, full-size capacitors


Shock tests, full-size capacitors

Group 3: Indoor and GIS capacitors


RE 12.0182
RE 12.0186
STC 93.013
RE 12.0109
RE 12.0110
RE 12.0112

Electrical type tests, full-size capacitors


Electrical type tests, full-size capacitors
Mechanical type tests, full-size capacitors
Tightness tests, full-size capacitors
Pressure-temperature tests (endurance)
SF6-Penetration

Group 4: Tests valid for group 1, 2 and 3


RE 12.0111
RE 12.0106
RE 12.0115

Mechanical behaviour of the internal part


Electrical fatigue tests
DC discharge test

Group 5: Outdoor Capacitor Voltage Divider


RE 12.0182
RE 12.0183
RE 12.0188
RE 12.0189

16

Electrical type tests, full-size capacitors


Electrical type tests, full-size capacitors
HF-capacitance and series resistance, capacitance
stability
HF-capacitance and series resistance, capacitance
stability

Maxwell Technologies SA CONDIS HV Capacitors

Routine test
program

Utest
UDP

Voltage

UDP

Un

Un

0,1xUn
Capacity
tan delta

Capacity
tan delta

Partial
Discharges

Voltage
Test 72s

Partial
Discharges

Capacity
tan delta

Measurement / Test

As part of our quality process, all


CONDIS capacitors are individually
tested as shown in the graph
above.
The capacitance measurement at
0.1 x nominal voltage and at
nominal voltage ensures that no
element has a breakdown during
the first voltage application.

International
standards

The partial discharge measurement


ensures that the capacitor has no
fabrication defect which could
destroy the capacitor. The different
voltage tests eliminate the risk of
failure of the capacitor during its
operation. All tests are done
according to IEC and ANSI
standards.

Maxwells tests are conform to the following


international standards:
IEC 60060:

High voltage test technique

IEC 60068:

Environmental testing

IEC 60071:

Insulation co-ordination

IEC 62155:

Tests on hollow insulators for use


in electrical equipment

IEC 60270:

Partial discharge measurements

IEC 60358:

Coupling capacitors and capacitor


dividers

ANSI C93.1:

Power-line carrier coupling


capacitors and coupling capacitor
voltage transformers

Testing according to other standards


are possible on request.
17

Certification
Quality and
Environment

18

A reputation for high quality is key


to Maxwells future. Therefore, the
company invests heavily in the
constant improvement to its entire
organization. The brand name

CONDIS has thus become a


synonymous for highest quality for
the major manufacturer of circuit
breakers worldwide.

Maxwell Technologies SA CONDIS HV Capacitors

Inquiry Form

(can be downloaded on our website www.maxwell.com)

19

MORE POWER.
MORE ENERGY.
MORE IDEAS.TM

Maxwell Technologies SA

CONDIS High Voltage Capacitors


CH-1728 Rossens
Switzerland
Tel:
+41 (0) 26 411 85 00
Fax:
+41 (0) 26 411 85 05
E-mail: hvsales@maxwell.com
Visit us on the web at:
www.maxwell.com
We reserve the right to modify this
specification at any time without prior
notice and without necessarily revising
this document.
edition 02/10