Sie sind auf Seite 1von 3

BIOLOGY VOCABULARIES

Angelina Sutanto Bolang


Definition from Biology book.
INTERPHASE: The period of time between one cell division and the
next.
-G1 PHASE: The period in the cell cycle from the end of the cell
division to the beginning of DNA replication.
-S phase: The period in the cell cycle during which DNA replication
take place.
-G2 phase: The period in the cell cycle from the completion of DNA
replication to the beginning of cell division.
Prophase: first phase of mitosis when chromatin condenses, the
nuclear envelope breaks down, the nucleolus disappears, and the
centrosomes and centrioles migrate to opposite sides of the cell.
Metaphase: second phase of mitosis when spindle fibers align the
chromosomes along the cell equator.
Anaphase: third phase of mitosis during which chromatids separate
and are pulled to opposite sides of the cell.
Telophase: last phase of mitosis when a complete set of identical
chromosomes is positioned at each pole of the cell, the nuclear
membranes start to form, the chromosomes begin to uncoil, and the
spindle fibers disassemble.
Cytokinesis: process by which the cell cytoplasm divides.
Chromosome: long, continuous thread of DNA that consists of
numerous genes and regulatory information.
Chromatid: one half of a duplicated chromosome.
Centriole: small cylinder-shaped organelle made of protein tubes
arranged in a circle.

My Own Description
Interphase: The time of process where cells divide themselves.
G1 Phase: The time of the cell cycle from the beginning until the
end.
S Phase: Where the DNA cloning happens.
G2 Phase: When the DNA replication is done and then the cell
division begins.
Prophase: the first step of mitosis when chromatin condenses and
the nuclear and envelope disappears. It is also when the centriole
moves to the sides of the cell.
Metaphase: Second step of mitosis when spindle fibers and
chromosomes align.
Anaphase: Third step of mitosis when chromatids pull apart and
are connected to the opposite side of the cell.
Telophase: Last side of mitosis when a set of completed
chromosomes moved to each pole of the cell.
Cytokinesis: When the cell cytoplasm divides.
Chromosome: long thread of DNA that consists of genes.
Chromatid: when the chromosome is duplicated into one half.
Centriole: An organelle that is made of protein tubes arranged in a
circle.

Sentences
1. During interphase of the cell cycle, a chromatid contains a
copy of the DNA molecule is formed.

2. The event in this stage refers to one of cell cycle stages, which
3.
4.
5.
6.

is prophase.
During metaphase of mitosis, chromosomes are replicated.
Anaphase is like wires being connected.
Telophase is like sitting in the corner of a room.
Cytokinesis is when cell cytoplasm divides, just like dividing a

cake.
7. When

chromosomes

are

twin

sisters

they

chromatid.
8. Proteins are important for the making of centriole.

are

called