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GD&T Symbols and Guidelines Cheat Sheet

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All drawings made in


first angle projection

SYMBOL

NAME

ON DRAWING

TOLERANCE ZONE
Two parallel lines
0.03 apart

0.03

Straightness

GAUGING

(Surface)

100.050
0.03 M

Straightness

(Derived Median Line w/

Cylindrical Tolerance Zone


0.03 when Part = 10.05
0.13 when Part = 9.95

Cylinder Gauge ID = M +
Gauge ID =
10.08

Flatness

Two parallel planes


0.030 apart

0.03

FORM

(Surface)

Flatness

100.05
0.03 M

Cylindricity

ORIENTATION

M +

0.03

Two concentric circles


0.03 apart

0.03

Two concentric cylinders


0.03 apart

Two parallel planes


0.03 apart

Flat datum block


(Datum A)

(Feature)

Datum A

90

100.05
0.03 M A
Bonus tolerance

Perpendicularity

Datum A

Two parallel planes


0.03 apart

0.03 A

Gauge
Block

60

Datum A

60

Profile
of a line
Profile
of a surface

0.03 A B
B

60

60

Uniform Linear Boundary About True Profile


0.03 apart

Datum B
Gauge must
follow true profile.

Profile is usually
measured with a CMM.

Basic dimensions
(not shown) must be used
to define the True Profile

Datum B

Uniform Surface Boundary About True Profile


0.03 apart

0.03 A B
B

Datum A

Gauge must
follow true profile.

Profile is usually
measured with a CMM.

Basic dimensions
(not shown) must be used
to define the True Profile

Datum A

100.05
0.03 A B C

Measure X and Y location and compare to the true position.

Part (actual) position

True Position

True

100.05
0.03 M A B C

True X Actual X
Actual
Pin Position

FUNCTIONAL
GAUGING

Part

True
position

For an
External
Feature

Tolerance Zone
of Hole Gauge

25.0

25.0

Actual Y
True Y

0.03

True
center

(Maximum Material
Condition)

This formula must be less than


the True Position tolerance

Actual

20.0

True Position

2X (Actual X - True X)2 + (Actual Y - True Y)2

30.0

LOCATION

Pin Gauge = 9.92


(9.95 - 0.03)

90

(Feature of Size w/ M )

Angularity

Pin Gauge OD = M

Gauge pin
inserted
perpendicular
to datum

Axis
Tolerance Zone
at M

PROFILE

Flat datum block


(Datum A)

Datum A

0.03 A

Perpendicularity

= 10.08

Two parallel planes


0.03 apart

0.03 A

Parallelism

Gauge spacing
at Virtual Condition

(Derived Median
Plane w/ M )

Circularity

Planar Tolerance Zone

Part

Tolerance Zone
of Pin Gauge
True
position

For an
Internal
Feature

Actual
Hole Position

Gauge

Gauge

0.03 A

Concentricity

Datum axis

Datum A
Tolerance Zone

0.03 A

Measured axis

A
Datum A
Plane

Symmetry

Two parallel planes


0.03 apart

0.03 A

Runout

Datum A
Fixed axially
+ Rotated

The following is usually


done with a CMM:
1. Determine
Datum axis
2. Measure referenced
surface
3. Determine if central
axis falls in TZ

The following is
usually done
with a CMM:
1. Determine
Datum plane
2. Measure both
surfaces of features
3. Determine if
midpoints fall in TZ

Datum A
Fixed + Rotated

RUNOUT

A
A

0.03 A

Total Runout

Datum A
Fixed axially
+ Rotated

Datum A
Fixed + Rotated

A
A

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