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MC Question

Chapter 21 Electrons

(MC)21P1

1.

(80)
A cathode ray oscilloscope has a linear time base of frequency 100 Hz applied to the X plates. A signal from a
tuning fork of frequency f is applied. to the Y plates, and the trace shown below appears on the screen. What is the
value of f ?
A. 25 Hz
B. 50 Hz
C. 100 Hz
D. 200 Hz
E. 400 Hz

2.

(81)
A cathode ray tube has X and Y sensitivities of 5 V cm-1 and 10 V cm-1 respectively, A sinusoidal p.d. of frequency
100 Hz and amplitude 7.5 V is applied to the X plates, and a sinusoidal p.d. of frequency 50 Hz and amplitude 15
V is applied to the Y plates. Which one of the following sketches could represent the pattern seen on the screen ?
cm
A.
B.
C.
cm
cm
1.5

1.5

1.5
3.0 cm

1.5 cm

cm
3.0

1.5 cm

cm

D.

E.

1.5 2

1.5 cm

3 2 cm

3.

(82)
With the time base switched off, a cathode ray oscilloscope can be used to display graphically
A. the sawtooth waveform to the time base.
B. the sinusoidal waveform of the mains supply.
C. the variation of the potential difference between the X plates with time.
D. the variation of the potential difference between the Y plates with time.
E.
the variation of the electric field between the Y plates with the electric field between the X plates.

4.

(82)
V1

cathode

e-

B
V2

e-

anode

In Thomson's method of measuring e/m, electrons are accelerated by a potential difference V1, then passed
undeviated through a region with a magnetic flux density B and an electric field E. E is provided by a potential
difference V2 between the two plates. If V1 is increased to 16 V1, in order for the electron beam to remain
undeviated, V2 must be changed to
B. 8 V2
C. 16 V2
D. 32 V2.
E. 256 V2.
A. 4 V2.

MC Question
Chapter 21 Electrons

5.

(MC)21P2

(83)

Figure (i)

Figure (ii)

A signal is applied to the Y plates of an oscilloscope with the time base running. The trace on the screen is as
shown in Figure (i). Which of the following adjustments would change the trace to that shown in Figure (ii) ?
(1) Doubling the Y sensitivity.
(2) Doubling the sweep speed of the time base.
(3) Doubling the frequency of the signal.
A. (1) only
B. (3) only
C. (1) & (2) only
D. (2) & (3) only
E. (1), (2) & (3)
6.

(84)

10 cm

10 cm

Figure (a)

Figure (b)

A step-down transformer of turn-ratio 20 : 1 has its: primary winding connected to the mains (50 Hz) and its
secondary winding connected across the Y plates of an oscilloscope, with the time-base freely running. The trace
observed on the screen is as shown in Figure (a). The transformer is now disconnected from the oscilloscope.
With the same time base setting, a signal of unknown frequency f is connected across the Y plates, and the trace is
as shown in Figure (b). The value of f is
A. 6.25 Hz
B. 20.0 Hz
C. 125 Hz
D. 150 Hz
E. 2500 Hz
7.

(84)
The time base of a cathode ray oscilloscope
(1) provides a sawtooth voltage of variable frequency across the X-plates.
(2) enables the electron beam to be deflected across the screen at different speeds.
(3) varies the number of electrons reaching the screen and hence controls the brightness.
A. (1) only
B. (3) only
C. (1) & (2) only
D. (2) & (3) only
E. (1), (2) & (3)

8.

(86)
voltage

V2
V1
time

The inputs to the X and Y plates of a C.R.O. are V1 and V2, as shown above. Which of the diagrams below best
represents the display on the screen ?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

MC Question
Chapter 21 Electrons

9.

(MC)21P3

(86)
Two waveforms X and Y are displayed on a C.R.O. screen.
Which of the following statements is correct ?
A. X leads Y by a phase difference of /4.
B. X leads Y by a phase difference of /2.
C. Y leads X by a phase difference of /4.
D. Y leads X by a phase difference of /2.
E.
There is no phase difference between X and Y.

10.

(87)
The time base of a C.R.O. is set at 5 ms cm-1. An a.c. supply of frequency 50 Hz is now applied to the y-plates of
the C.R.O. If the width of the screen of the C.R.O. is 10 cm, how many cycles can be displayed on the screen ?
A. 0.25
B. 0.5
C. 1
D. 2.5
E. 5

11.

(88)
If the pattern shown below appears on the CRO screen when two sinusoidal a.c. voltages are applied across the
x-plates and the y-plates, what is the ratio of the frequency of the voltage across the x-plates to that across the
y-plates?
A. 1 : 4
B. 1 : 2
C. 1 : 1
D. 2 : 1
E.
4:1

12.

(90)
Two sinusoidal alternating potential differences Vx and VY of the same frequency are applied respectively to the x
and y plates of a C.R.O. with the time base switched off. The trace on the screen is an ellipse as shown below.
What is the phase difference between Vx and VY ?
A. 30o
_1
B. 45o
a
2
C. 60o
D. 120o
E. 150o

a
13.

(90)

V1
0

V2
time

time

Potential differences V1 and V2 are applied to the X-plates and Y-plates of a C.R.O. respectively. The trace on the
screen is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

MC Question
Chapter 21 Electrons
14.

(MC)21P4

(91)
A.C. voltages of frequencies f1 and f2 were applied to the x-plates and y-plates of a
cathode ray oscilloscope, respectively. The resulting observed trace is shown. If
the frequency f, is 100 Hz, what is the frequency of f2 ?
A. 25 Hz
B. 50 Hz
C. 100 Hz
D. 200 Hz
E. 400 Hz

15.

(92)
A.C. voltages of frequencies f1 and f2 are applied to the x-plates and y-plates of a
CRO respectively. The trace observed is shown below. The ratio f1 : f2 is equal to
A. 1 : 3
B. 2 : 3
C. 1 : 1
D. 3:2
E. 3:1

16.

(93)

V2

V1
0

time

time

Potential differences V1, and V2 are applied to the X-plates and Y-plates of a C.R.O. respectively. The trace on the
screen is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

17.

(94)
In Thomson's experiment, an electron is accelerated from rest through a p.d. V
(not shown) and then passes without any deflection through a region with
mutually perpendicular electric and magnetic fields. The electric field is provided
by the deflecting plates Y1, Y2 with p.d. V and separation d. The applied uniform
magnetic field is B. The charge to mass ratio (e / m) of an electron is given by
2

A.
D.

18.

2B d
V

2V
B2d 2

V
2

2B d
2

E.

B d

C.

B d
2V

Y1
e-

Y2

2V 3

(94)
Two sinusoidal a.c. signals having a phase difference of 90o are applied to the x-plates and y-plates of a CRO.
Which of the following traces may appear on the screen of the CRO ?
(1)
(2)
(3)

A. (1) only
19.

B.

B. (3) only

C. (1) & (2) only

D. (2) & (3) only

E. (1), (2) & (3)

(95)
The diagram below shows the trace on the screen of a CRO when a sinusoidal signal of frequency 75 Hz was
applied to the Y-plates. What time base, in ms per division, was the CRO set at ?
A. 1
B. 2
C. 5
D. 10
E. 20

MC Question
Chapter 21 Electrons

20.

(MC)21P5

(99)
Three sinusoidal signals V1, V2, and V3, are applied in pairs to the X- and Y- inputs of a CRO and the resulting
Lissajous figures are as shown.

If V1 and V3 are applied to the X- and Y- inputs respectively, the Lissajous figure should look like

21.

(01)
Which of the following waveforms CANNOT be obtained by applying sinusoidal voltages to both X- and Yinputs of a CRO?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

MC Question
Chapter 21 Electrons

22.

(MC)21P6

(05)
The figure shows the essential features of a cathode-ray tube with filament F, cathode and anode.

A beam of electrons emitted from the cathode is deflected by the electric field between the plates P and Q. Which
of the following changes will increase the deflection of the electron beam ?
(1) Increasing the p.d. between the plates P and Q
(2) Increasing the p.d. between the anode and cathode
(3) Increasing the p.d. applied across the filament F
A (1) only

B.(3) only

C. (1) and (2) only

D. (2) and (3) only

Answer
1.
2.
3.
4.

D
C
E
A

6.
7.
8.
9.
10,

B
C
C
E
B

11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

D
B
A
B
A

16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

E
E
B
D
C

21.D
22.C