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# ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [1]

Grade 4
NAPLAN
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## Answer t he quest ions

(1)

Donna, Joseph and Michael shared a bag of marbles. T he bag contained 71 marbles. If the
f riends shared marbles equally, how many marbles would be lef t in the bag?

(2)

- \$6

+
(3)

= \$60

=?

A wire of length 52 meter is to be f olded in the f orm of rectangle. If each side of rectangle has
to be an integer (measured in meters), what is the maximum number of rectangles that can be
f ormed by f olding the wire.

+
-9

(4)

+
=

+
+

= 80
+

## Choose correct answer(s) f rom given choice

(5)

T he f ollowing table shows the number of cycles manuf actured by two companies in 3 months.
month Company A Company B
1

160

200

180

160

160

180

## Which of the f ollowing statements is true?

a. In the f irst two months Company A
manuf actured more cycles than Company B.

## b. In 3 months Company A manuf actured more

cycles than Company B.

## c. In the last two months Company A and

Company B manuf actured same number of
cycles.

## d. In the f irst and last month Company A

manuf actured more cycles than Company B.

## (6) Which of the f ollowing is correct?

a. 500 + 36 = 50 + 36

b. 500 + 36 = 506 + 30

c. 500 + 36 = 503 + 6

d. 500 + 36 = 560 + 3

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [2]

## (7) Find the rule f or pattern shown below,

650

(8)

700

750

800

850

900

a. Counting by 25

b. Counting by 10

c. Counting by 50

d. Counting by 5

a.

b.

c.

d.

## (9) Which of f ollowing has the greatest value ?

a. (8 1,00,000) + (5 100) + (7 10)

b. (7 1,00,000) + (4 100)

c. (7 1,00,000) + (5 100)

1000 =
a.
84

b.
and 8400

c.
84

804

and 84000

d.
and 84000

840

and 80004

## (11) Which rule can be used to explain this number pattern?

1, 1, 2, 4, 7, 11, 16, ......
a. Multiply by 4 and add 2
b. Multiply by 1, then multiply by 2, then multiply by 3, and so on
c. Add 0, then add 1, then add 2, and so on
d. Multiply by 4 and subtract 2

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [3]

(12) When a number is put into the machine below, a dif f erent number comes out. If 2 goes in, 8
comes out. If 3 goes in, 12 comes out. If 7 goes in, 28 comes out.

Number Machine

## If 9 goes in, what number should come out?

a. 81

b. 27

c. 36

d. 45

Fill in t he blanks
(13) If

= 6,

and

= 12
= 10,

+
(14)

= 12

=
=
Carol brought
She bought

## less ice-creams than sandwiches.

(15) Along the highway, there are electric poles on one side of the highway and telegraph poles on
the other side. T he electric poles are all separated by 40 m and the telegraph poles are all
separated by 24 m. If an electric and a telegraph pole are both present at the point where the
highway begins, then they both will be in f ront of each other again af ter a distance of

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m.

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generated at www.edugain.com

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [4]

Answers
(1)

2
Step 1
T here are three f riends, and to distribute 71 marbles among them let's divide 71 by 3.
71 3 = 23, remainder = 2
Step 2
So we can see that each f riend gets 23 marbles, and 2 are lef t in the bag.

(2)

\$36
Step 1
From 2nd relation, we can see that value of 4 apples is \$60.
T heref ore value of one apple = 60 4 = \$15
Step 2
From 1st relation we can now f ind value of mug as f ollowing,
= 15 - 6

= \$9
Step 3
Now we can f ind value of 4 mugs by multiplying by 4,

(3)

=4 9

= \$36

13
Step 1
We have to maximize the numbers of rectangles that can be created with a given length of
wire. T heref ore we need to keep size of rectangles as small as possible, so we can make
maximum number or rectangles
Step 2
It is given that each side has to be an integer (i.e. it cannot be 0.5m, 0.8m etc.), theref ore
smallest possible length will be of 1 meter
Step 3
Perimeter of rectangle with each side of 1 meter = 4 1 = 4 meters
Step 4
Since 4 meters wire is needed f or 1 rectangle,
T heref ore number of rectangles that can be created with 52 meter = 52 4 = 13

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [5]

(4) 64
(5)

c. In the last two months Company A and Company B manuf actured same number of cycles.
Step 1
Let us observe the given table and check f or every option individually.
Step 2
Option a: In the f irst two months, Company A manuf actured 160 + 180 = 340 cycles and
company B manuf actured 200 + 160 = 360 cycles, T his tells us that in the f irst two months
Company A manuf actured f ewer cycles than Company B. Hence the given statement is
f alse.
Step 3
Option b: In 3 months, Company A manuf actured 160 + 180 + 160 = 500 cycles and
company B manuf actured 200 + 160 + 180 = 540 cycles, T his tells us that in 3 months
Company A manuf actured f ewer cycles than Company B. Hence the given statement is
f alse.
Step 4
Option c: In the last two months, Company A manuf actured 160 + 180 = 340 cycles and
company B manuf actured 180 + 160 = 340 cycles, T his tells us that in the last two months
Company A and Company B manuf actured same number of cycles. T he statement is true.
Step 5
Option d: In the f irst and last month, Company A manuf actured 160 + 160 = 320 cycles and
company B manuf actured 200 + 180 = 380 cycles, T his tells us that in the f irst and last
month Company A manuf actured f ewer cycles than Company B. Hence the given statement
is f alse.
Step 6
So we f ound out that statement c is true.

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [6]

## (6) b. 500 + 36 = 506 + 30

Step 1
Let us check the lef t hand side and the right hand side of every option individually.
Step 2
Options a: LHS = 500 + 36 = 536
RHS = 50 + 36 = 86
Here LHS is not matching with RHS.
Step 3
Options b: LHS = 500 + 36 = 536
RHS = 506 + 30 = 536
Here LHS matches with RHS.
Step 4
Options c: LHS = 500 + 36 = 536
RHS = 503 + 6 = 509
Here LHS is not matching with RHS.
Step 5
Options d: LHS = 500 + 36 = 536
RHS = 560 + 3 = 563
Here LHS is not matching with RHS.
Step 6
Hence we realize that option b is correct.

(7) c. Counting by 50
Step 1
If we observe the given series of numbers, every consecutive number increases by 50:
700 - 650 = 50, 750 - 700 = 50, 800 - 750 = 50, 850 - 800 = 50, 900 - 850 = 50 ...
Step 2
Hence the rule f or the given pattern is: counting by 50.

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [7]

(8)

c.

Step 1
We can see that in each successive pictures, the circle is rotating clock-wise.
Step 2
Similarly, the f illed rectangle is also rotating clock-wise.
Step 3
In the last picture, the circle is at top-right. T heref ore in the next picture, it should be at the
bottom-right.
Step 4
Similarly in the last picture, the f illed square is at the lef t-bottom. T heref ore in the next
picture, it should be at the top-lef t.
Step 5
T heref ore, the next picture will be as f ollows:

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [8]

## (9) a. (8 1,00,000) + (5 100) + (7 10)

Step 1
T o f ind out which option has the greatest value, one way is to carry out all the calculations
involving multiplications and additions f or all the given options and then see which option
gives us the number with the greatest value. But this way, we will take a lot of time to solve
the problem given to us. Let us learn and use a smart way.
Step 2
All the options given to us have either the digit 7 or the digit 8 being multiplied by 1,00,000
(One Lakh). T his means, the number value f or each option will have either 7 or 8 at the
lakh's place.
Step 3
Since the lakh's place is the biggest place in all the options given to us, the numbers which
have 8 at the lakh's place are greater than those numbers which have 7 at the lakh's place.
Step 4
T his means, our answer is one of the f ollowing two choices:
(8 1,00,000) + (5 100) + (7 10) OR (8 1,00,000) + (4 100) + (7 10)
Step 5
For both these options, there is a 0 at the ten-thousand's and the thousand's place. At the
hundred's place, one option has the digit 5 and the other has 4.
Step 6
T his means, the option which has the digit 5 at the hundred's place has the greatest value
of all.
Step 7
So, our answer is (8 1,00,000) + (5 100) + (7 10).

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [9]

(10) c.
84

and 84000

Step 1
We will go by the options in the given question.
Step 2
Option a: 84 1000 = 8400, which doesnt match with the right hand side of the option.
Step 3
Option b: 804 1000 = 84000, which doesnt match with the right hand side of the option.
Step 4
Option c: 84 1000 = 84000, which matches with the right hand side of the given option.
Step 5
Option d: 840 1000 = 80004, which doesnt match with the right hand side of the option.
Step 6
Hence option c is correct.

## (11) c. Add 0, then add 1, then add 2, and so on

Step 1
If we observe the given series caref ully, the f irst member is 1, and the second member is
also 1. We may notice that 1 = 1 + 0.
Step 2
T he next member is 2, which may be written as 1 + 1, and the next one is 3 = 1 + 2, the next
one is 4 = 1 + 3, and so on.
Step 3
Hence we may say that the series is f ormed by adding 0, then adding 1, then adding 2 and
so on.
Step 4
T hus the correct answer is c.

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [10]

(12) c. 36
Step 1
Lets write all pairs of input and output numbers,
28
3 12
7 28
Step 2
If we observe these numbers, we can see that output number is 4 times the input number
Step 3
Same pattern should be f ollowed when number 9 goes in, theref ore output number,
=94
= 36

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [11]

(13)

24
Step 1
Let us f irst try to f ind the value of each one of

and

Step 2
We are told:
Since 3

= 6.
mean 6, one

will mean:

= 2.

3
Step 3
Now remember:

=2

Step 4
Next we are told:
= 12
We can use the above f act to f ind the value of one
We know

= 2. So,

= 5 2 = 10.

## We can now say:

+ 10 = 12

or

= 12 - 10 = 2

Since 2

= 2, one

will mean:

= 1.

2
Step 5
Now remember:

= 1.

Step 6
In this way we can f ind:
= 2 and

=3

Step 7
Now it is easy to f ind the value of

## by using the values of each shape we f ound:

+
=3

+4

+
+

+4

=32+4 1+2+4 3
= 6 + 4 + 2 + 12 [Remember: Do all multiplications before doing additions to make
sure your answer is right.]
= 24

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [12]

(14)

4
Step 1
T he f irst statement tells us that one carton contains 2 ice-creams.
Step 2
T heref ore, 2 cartons = 2 2 = 4 ice-creams.
Step 3
T he second statement tells us that one box contains 2 sandwiches.
Step 4
T heref ore, 4 boxs = 4 2 = 8 sandwiches.
Step 5
T hus, the dif f erence between the number of sandwiches and ice-creams = 8 - 4 = 4

(15)

120
Step 1
Since an electric pole is there at every 40 m, it will be present at distances which are
multiples of 40.
Step 2
Similarly, a telegraph pole is there at every 24 m. It will thus be present at distances which
are multiple of 24.
Step 3
Now the distance at which both types of poles will be present again, should be a multiple of
both 40 and 24. T heref ore, we need to f ind the Least Common Multiple (LCM) of 40 and 24
in order to f ind such distance.
Step 4
LCM of 40 and 24 = 120 m.
Step 5
T heref ore, both types of poles will be together again af ter a distance of 120 m.