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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [1]

Grade 4
NAPLAN
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Answer t he quest ions


(1)

Donna, Joseph and Michael shared a bag of marbles. T he bag contained 71 marbles. If the
f riends shared marbles equally, how many marbles would be lef t in the bag?

(2)

- $6

+
(3)

= $60

=?

A wire of length 52 meter is to be f olded in the f orm of rectangle. If each side of rectangle has
to be an integer (measured in meters), what is the maximum number of rectangles that can be
f ormed by f olding the wire.

+
-9

(4)

+
=

Find the value of

+
+

= 80
+

Choose correct answer(s) f rom given choice


(5)

T he f ollowing table shows the number of cycles manuf actured by two companies in 3 months.
month Company A Company B
1

160

200

180

160

160

180

Which of the f ollowing statements is true?


a. In the f irst two months Company A
manuf actured more cycles than Company B.

b. In 3 months Company A manuf actured more


cycles than Company B.

c. In the last two months Company A and


Company B manuf actured same number of
cycles.

d. In the f irst and last month Company A


manuf actured more cycles than Company B.

(6) Which of the f ollowing is correct?


a. 500 + 36 = 50 + 36

b. 500 + 36 = 506 + 30

c. 500 + 36 = 503 + 6

d. 500 + 36 = 560 + 3

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [2]

(7) Find the rule f or pattern shown below,


650

(8)

700

750

800

850

900

a. Counting by 25

b. Counting by 10

c. Counting by 50

d. Counting by 5

Find the next f igure.

a.

b.

c.

d.

(9) Which of f ollowing has the greatest value ?


a. (8 1,00,000) + (5 100) + (7 10)

b. (7 1,00,000) + (4 100)

c. (7 1,00,000) + (5 100)

d. (8 1,00,000) + (4 100) + (7 10)

(10) Which pair of numbers can complete this condition?


1000 =
a.
84

b.
and 8400

c.
84

804

and 84000

d.
and 84000

840

and 80004

(11) Which rule can be used to explain this number pattern?


1, 1, 2, 4, 7, 11, 16, ......
a. Multiply by 4 and add 2
b. Multiply by 1, then multiply by 2, then multiply by 3, and so on
c. Add 0, then add 1, then add 2, and so on
d. Multiply by 4 and subtract 2

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [3]

(12) When a number is put into the machine below, a dif f erent number comes out. If 2 goes in, 8
comes out. If 3 goes in, 12 comes out. If 7 goes in, 28 comes out.

Number Machine

If 9 goes in, what number should come out?


a. 81

b. 27

c. 36

d. 45

Fill in t he blanks
(13) If

= 6,

and

= 12
= 10,

+
(14)

= 12

=
=
Carol brought
She bought

less ice-creams than sandwiches.

(15) Along the highway, there are electric poles on one side of the highway and telegraph poles on
the other side. T he electric poles are all separated by 40 m and the telegraph poles are all
separated by 24 m. If an electric and a telegraph pole are both present at the point where the
highway begins, then they both will be in f ront of each other again af ter a distance of

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [4]

Answers
(1)

2
Step 1
T here are three f riends, and to distribute 71 marbles among them let's divide 71 by 3.
71 3 = 23, remainder = 2
Step 2
So we can see that each f riend gets 23 marbles, and 2 are lef t in the bag.

(2)

$36
Step 1
From 2nd relation, we can see that value of 4 apples is $60.
T heref ore value of one apple = 60 4 = $15
Step 2
From 1st relation we can now f ind value of mug as f ollowing,
= 15 - 6

= $9
Step 3
Now we can f ind value of 4 mugs by multiplying by 4,

(3)

=4 9

= $36

13
Step 1
We have to maximize the numbers of rectangles that can be created with a given length of
wire. T heref ore we need to keep size of rectangles as small as possible, so we can make
maximum number or rectangles
Step 2
It is given that each side has to be an integer (i.e. it cannot be 0.5m, 0.8m etc.), theref ore
smallest possible length will be of 1 meter
Step 3
Perimeter of rectangle with each side of 1 meter = 4 1 = 4 meters
Step 4
Since 4 meters wire is needed f or 1 rectangle,
T heref ore number of rectangles that can be created with 52 meter = 52 4 = 13

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [5]

(4) 64
(5)

c. In the last two months Company A and Company B manuf actured same number of cycles.
Step 1
Let us observe the given table and check f or every option individually.
Step 2
Option a: In the f irst two months, Company A manuf actured 160 + 180 = 340 cycles and
company B manuf actured 200 + 160 = 360 cycles, T his tells us that in the f irst two months
Company A manuf actured f ewer cycles than Company B. Hence the given statement is
f alse.
Step 3
Option b: In 3 months, Company A manuf actured 160 + 180 + 160 = 500 cycles and
company B manuf actured 200 + 160 + 180 = 540 cycles, T his tells us that in 3 months
Company A manuf actured f ewer cycles than Company B. Hence the given statement is
f alse.
Step 4
Option c: In the last two months, Company A manuf actured 160 + 180 = 340 cycles and
company B manuf actured 180 + 160 = 340 cycles, T his tells us that in the last two months
Company A and Company B manuf actured same number of cycles. T he statement is true.
Step 5
Option d: In the f irst and last month, Company A manuf actured 160 + 160 = 320 cycles and
company B manuf actured 200 + 180 = 380 cycles, T his tells us that in the f irst and last
month Company A manuf actured f ewer cycles than Company B. Hence the given statement
is f alse.
Step 6
So we f ound out that statement c is true.

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [6]

(6) b. 500 + 36 = 506 + 30


Step 1
Let us check the lef t hand side and the right hand side of every option individually.
Step 2
Options a: LHS = 500 + 36 = 536
RHS = 50 + 36 = 86
Here LHS is not matching with RHS.
Step 3
Options b: LHS = 500 + 36 = 536
RHS = 506 + 30 = 536
Here LHS matches with RHS.
Step 4
Options c: LHS = 500 + 36 = 536
RHS = 503 + 6 = 509
Here LHS is not matching with RHS.
Step 5
Options d: LHS = 500 + 36 = 536
RHS = 560 + 3 = 563
Here LHS is not matching with RHS.
Step 6
Hence we realize that option b is correct.

(7) c. Counting by 50
Step 1
If we observe the given series of numbers, every consecutive number increases by 50:
700 - 650 = 50, 750 - 700 = 50, 800 - 750 = 50, 850 - 800 = 50, 900 - 850 = 50 ...
Step 2
Hence the rule f or the given pattern is: counting by 50.

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [7]

(8)

c.

Step 1
We can see that in each successive pictures, the circle is rotating clock-wise.
Step 2
Similarly, the f illed rectangle is also rotating clock-wise.
Step 3
In the last picture, the circle is at top-right. T heref ore in the next picture, it should be at the
bottom-right.
Step 4
Similarly in the last picture, the f illed square is at the lef t-bottom. T heref ore in the next
picture, it should be at the top-lef t.
Step 5
T heref ore, the next picture will be as f ollows:

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [8]

(9) a. (8 1,00,000) + (5 100) + (7 10)


Step 1
T o f ind out which option has the greatest value, one way is to carry out all the calculations
involving multiplications and additions f or all the given options and then see which option
gives us the number with the greatest value. But this way, we will take a lot of time to solve
the problem given to us. Let us learn and use a smart way.
Step 2
All the options given to us have either the digit 7 or the digit 8 being multiplied by 1,00,000
(One Lakh). T his means, the number value f or each option will have either 7 or 8 at the
lakh's place.
Step 3
Since the lakh's place is the biggest place in all the options given to us, the numbers which
have 8 at the lakh's place are greater than those numbers which have 7 at the lakh's place.
Step 4
T his means, our answer is one of the f ollowing two choices:
(8 1,00,000) + (5 100) + (7 10) OR (8 1,00,000) + (4 100) + (7 10)
Step 5
For both these options, there is a 0 at the ten-thousand's and the thousand's place. At the
hundred's place, one option has the digit 5 and the other has 4.
Step 6
T his means, the option which has the digit 5 at the hundred's place has the greatest value
of all.
Step 7
So, our answer is (8 1,00,000) + (5 100) + (7 10).

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [9]

(10) c.
84

and 84000

Step 1
We will go by the options in the given question.
Step 2
Option a: 84 1000 = 8400, which doesnt match with the right hand side of the option.
Step 3
Option b: 804 1000 = 84000, which doesnt match with the right hand side of the option.
Step 4
Option c: 84 1000 = 84000, which matches with the right hand side of the given option.
Step 5
Option d: 840 1000 = 80004, which doesnt match with the right hand side of the option.
Step 6
Hence option c is correct.

(11) c. Add 0, then add 1, then add 2, and so on


Step 1
If we observe the given series caref ully, the f irst member is 1, and the second member is
also 1. We may notice that 1 = 1 + 0.
Step 2
T he next member is 2, which may be written as 1 + 1, and the next one is 3 = 1 + 2, the next
one is 4 = 1 + 3, and so on.
Step 3
Hence we may say that the series is f ormed by adding 0, then adding 1, then adding 2 and
so on.
Step 4
T hus the correct answer is c.

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(12) c. 36
Step 1
Lets write all pairs of input and output numbers,
28
3 12
7 28
Step 2
If we observe these numbers, we can see that output number is 4 times the input number
Step 3
Same pattern should be f ollowed when number 9 goes in, theref ore output number,
=94
= 36

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [11]

(13)

24
Step 1
Let us f irst try to f ind the value of each one of

and

Step 2
We are told:
Since 3

= 6.
mean 6, one

will mean:

= 2.

3
Step 3
Now remember:

=2

Step 4
Next we are told:
= 12
We can use the above f act to f ind the value of one
We know

= 2. So,

= 5 2 = 10.

We can now say:

+ 10 = 12

or

= 12 - 10 = 2

Since 2

= 2, one

will mean:

= 1.

2
Step 5
Now remember:

= 1.

Step 6
In this way we can f ind:
= 2 and

=3

Step 7
Now it is easy to f ind the value of

by using the values of each shape we f ound:


+
=3

+4

+
+

+4

=32+4 1+2+4 3
= 6 + 4 + 2 + 12 [Remember: Do all multiplications before doing additions to make
sure your answer is right.]
= 24

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ID : U-1223-558-9445-Olympiad [12]

(14)

4
Step 1
T he f irst statement tells us that one carton contains 2 ice-creams.
Step 2
T heref ore, 2 cartons = 2 2 = 4 ice-creams.
Step 3
T he second statement tells us that one box contains 2 sandwiches.
Step 4
T heref ore, 4 boxs = 4 2 = 8 sandwiches.
Step 5
T hus, the dif f erence between the number of sandwiches and ice-creams = 8 - 4 = 4

(15)

120
Step 1
Since an electric pole is there at every 40 m, it will be present at distances which are
multiples of 40.
Step 2
Similarly, a telegraph pole is there at every 24 m. It will thus be present at distances which
are multiple of 24.
Step 3
Now the distance at which both types of poles will be present again, should be a multiple of
both 40 and 24. T heref ore, we need to f ind the Least Common Multiple (LCM) of 40 and 24
in order to f ind such distance.
Step 4
LCM of 40 and 24 = 120 m.
Step 5
T heref ore, both types of poles will be together again af ter a distance of 120 m.

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