Sie sind auf Seite 1von 5

LEMBAR PERHITUNGAN

A. Analisa Kadar Asam Lemak dalam Minyak

( V . N )NaOH . BM Minyak
( . V )minyak .10

( 2.0,15 ) NaOH .1067


=3,48
( 0,91748 .10 )minyak .10

Kadar gliserida = Bahan Baku Asam Lemak Bebas Awal dalam bahan baku
= 100% -3,48% = 96,52%
Perhitungan Asam Lemak Bebas (CB)
( V . N )NaOH
( 2 0,15 )

=
=0,0327 mgrek / gr m
( . V )minyak ( 0,91748 10 )
Mol Gliserida Awal
96,52

0,0327=0,907 mol
3,48
B.

Perhitungan Asam Lemak Bebas Setelah Hidrolisa


( V . N )NaOH
( V .0,2 )
( V .0,15 )

=
=
( . V )minyak ( 0,91748 10 ) 9,1748

C.

Perhitungan CB Terbentuk
C B Terbentuk =C B Setelah HidrolisaC B Awal
C B Terbentuk =C B Setelah Hidrolisa0,0327
Menghitung Konversi (XA)
C B Terbentuk
C Terbentuk
X A=
= B
Mol gliserida Awal
0,907

D.

E.

Perhitungan Nilai Konstanta Laju Reaksi


d C A
=k . C A
dt
C
t
d CA

=k dt
CA
C
0
CA
ln
=kt
C Ao
C ( 1X A )
ln Ao
=kt
C Ao
ln ( 1X A )=kt
A

Ao

y=mx
Hasil Percobaan
a. Variabel 1 Suhu 55C
t(x)

Volume

CA

CA

NaOH

Hidrolisa

Terbentuk

0,17657
1
0,18474
5
0,19128
5
0,19619

0,143871

X2

XA

ln(1- XA)

Xy

(y)

(ml)
0

10,8

11,3

10

11,7

15

12

k =m=

0,152045
0,191285
0,16349

n xy x y
2

n x ( x)

0,15
8622
0,16
7635
0,17
4845
0,18
0253

116
,64
127
,69
136
,89
144

0,172715
0,183485
0,192185
0,19876

1,865
32
2,073
375
2,248
56
2,385
116

4.8,57237145,8.0,747144
=0,0217 menit 1
4.525,222097,64

b. Variabel 2 Suhu 65 C
t(x)

Volume

CA

CA

NaOH

Hidrolisa

Terbent

(ml)
0

12

12,9

10

13,7

15

14,7

k =m=

X2

XA

ln(1- XA )

Xy

(y)

uk
0,19619
0,21090
4
0,22398
3

0,240332

0,16349
0,17820
4
0,19128
3

0,21089
0,21086 6
0,2289
0,20763 22
0,22892
2
2

n xy x y
2

0,18025
0,18023 3
0,19647
0,19646 6

n x ( x)

0,19876

2,385116

0,218748

2,821853

0,236858

3,244951

0,259966

3,821496

4 .12,2734253,3 .0,914331
1
=0,024 menit
4.714,192840,89

c. Variabel 3 Suhu 75 C
t(x)

Volume

CA

CA

NaOH

Hidrolisa

Terbentuk

0,21253
9
0,23215

0,179839

XA

X2

ln(1- XA)

Xy

(y)

(ml)
0

13

14,2

0,199458

0,19
8279
0,21

169

0,220994

201

0,248345

2,872
924
3,526

10

14,8

15

16,2

k =m=

8
0,24196
7
0,26485
6

0,209267
0,232156

n xy x y
2

n x ( x)
2

9909
0,23
0725
0,25
596

,64
219
,04
262
,44

0,262306
0,295661

498
3,882
131
4,789
704

4.15,0712658,2.1,027306
=0,1465menit 1
4.852,123387,24

LEMBAR PERHITUNGAN REAGEN

Perhitungan NaOH 0,2 N 100ml


N=

Gr
1000

grek
Mr VolumeTotal

0,2=

Gr 1000

grek
40 100

Gr=0.8 gram

Perhitungan Katalis
Berat Picnometer kosong = 16.538
Katalis H2SO4 0.2N
Berat Picnometer + H2SO4= 62.609gr

( berat piknometer + H 2 SO 4 ) ( berat piknometer kosong ) 62.609 gr16.538 gr


=
volume piknometer
25 ml
1.843 gr /ml

V H 2 SO 4=
-

Perhitungan Densitas Minyak Jarak


Berat Picnometer + Minyak = 40.636gr

N . Bm . V total
0.2 . 36.5. 300
=
=7.492
.%HCl . 1000 . grek 1.1692. 25 .1000 . 1

( berat piknometer + Minyak )( berat p iknometer kosong ) 40.636 gr16.538 gr


=
volume piknometer
25 ml
0.96392 gr /ml

Perbandingan mol Minyak dengan Aquadest 1 : 10


1. Katalis H2SO4
V total = Vmj + V H2SO4+ V aquadest + V emulsifier
300ml = Vmj + V aquadest + 1.662ml + 10ml
Vmj + V aquadest = 288.338 ml

[ ]
[ ]

.V
mj
BM
1
=
10
.V
aquadest
BM
0.96392. Vmj
4
1
1067
9.034 10 Vmj
=
=
10
1 .Vair
0.0555 Vair
18
0.0555 Vaquadest = 9.034x10-3Vmj

Vaquadest = 0.1626 Vmj


Vmj + V aquadest = 288.338 ml
Vmj + 0.1626 Vmj = 288.338 ml
Vmj = 248.0113 ml
Vaquadest = 40.327 ml
2. Katalis HCl
V total = Vmj + V H2SO4+ V aquadest + V emulsifier
300ml = Vmj + V aquadest + 7.492ml + 10ml
Vmj + V aquadest = 282.508 ml

[ ]
[ ]

.V
mj
BM
1
=
10
.V
aquadest
BM
1
=
10

0.96392. Vmj
1067
9.034 104 Vmj
=
1 .Vair
0.0555 Vair
18

Vaquadest = 0.1626 Vmj


Vmj + Vaquadest = 282.508ml
Vmj + 0.1626 Vmj = 282.508ml
Vmj = 242.996 ml
Vaquadest = 39.511 ml