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2016 Challenger CAT 04

Directions of Test

Test Name

2016 Challenger CAT 04

Total Questions

100

Total Time

180 Mins

Section Name

No. of Questions

Time limit

Marks per Question

Negative Marking

Verbal Ability

34

1:0h:m

1/3

DI & Reasoning

32

1:0h:m

1/3

Quantitative Ability

34

1:0h:m

1/3

Section : Verbal Ability


Question No. : 1
DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.

Organic reading is not new. The Egyptian hieroglyphics were oneword sentences. Helen Kellers first word, water, was a one
word book. Tolstoy found his way to it in his peasant school. While out in the field of UNESCO today, it is used automatically as
the only reasonable way of introducing reading to primitive people; in a famine area the teachers wouldnt think of beginning
with any words other than crop, soil, hunger, manure, and the like.

First words are different from first drawings only in medium, and first drawings vary from country to country. In New Zealand a
boys first drawing is anything that is mobile; trucks, trains and planes, if he lives in a populated area, and if he doesnt, its
horses. New Zealand girls, however, draw houses first wherever they live. But Tongan childrens first drawings are of trees,
Samoan fiveyearolds draw churches and Chinese draw flowers. What a fascinating story this makes!

How can anyone begin any child on any arranged book, however good the book, when you know this? And how good the
book is any childs book, anyway, compared with the ones they write themselves? Of course, as Im always saying, its not the
only reading: its no more than the first reading.

Its the bridge from the known to the unknown: from a native culture to a new; and, universally speaking, from the inner man
out. Organic reading is not new: first words have ever meant first wants.

We really find that the most ancient nations who have preserved anything of their primitive tongue still express by
monosyllables the most familiar things which most immediately strike the senses. Chinese to this very hour is founded upon
monosyllables.
In July, 1857, Tolstoy wrote in his diary: ... and the most important of all; clearly and forcibly the thought came to me to open a
school for the entire county.

Only two years later, in the fall of 1859, he came close to realizing his dreams. With the same passion with which he did
everything, he gave himself to teaching. Almost to the exclusion of all other interests, he gave three years of his life to the
peasant children. His work had nothing in common with the standard, wellregulated school systems. Tolstoy wrote that he had
a passionate affection for his school. Under his guidance other young people who helped him in his work developed a similar
passionate affection.

As usual, he began by discarding all existing traditions and by refusing to follow any method of teaching already in use. First he
must fathom the mind of the peasant child, and by doing away with punishments, let his pupils teach him the art of teaching. In
his school his pupils were free to choose their own subjects, and to take as much work as they desired. The teacher considered
it his duty to assist the children in their search for knowledge by adjusting his method of approach to the individual child, and
by finding the best way of proffering assistance in each case.


Another example is that of one of the international volunteers in Kabylia in the mountains of Algeria, who writes: About twenty
children were sitting in front of the teacher under an ash tree and reading in chorus the name of their village which she had
written on a big sheet of paper. They were enormously proud: time and time again they read us the word.

But the next evening three of the adults came to ask us to teach them to write their names. Why do you want to write your
name? One of them explained To sign at the Post Office. If I can sign my name to collect a registered letter I shall not need
to pay the witness.

And do you often get letters like that? Sometimes from my son in France
We went steadily on; but in the evening, instead of resting under the mosquito net, we were all caught up in the fever of
fundamental education.
Organic reading for beginners is not new; its our rejection of it thats new.
All the following are true, except:
AThe non acceptance of organic reading for beginners is a new thing
BExpressed as monosyllables, the primitive languages immediately draw attention towards them
COrganic reading is used extensively by modern books in various schools and colleges
DOrganic reading takes help of all that is important to that particular set of people
Explanation:
Option 3 is the best answer.
Organic method is used to teach children and adults from various backgrounds.
But the author does not state that they are widely used in modern books.
Moreover he also talks about How can themselves?
Hence option 3 is the best choice.

Question No. : 2
The method employed by Tolstoy in his school succeeded primarily because
AHis method had nothing in common with the standard, well regulated school systems
BHe discarded all existing traditions CHe did not follow any method, which had already been used
DHe adjusted his method of approach to the individual childs desire
Explanation:
Option 4 is the best answer.
The passage states that Tolstoy discarded all existing traditions, refused to follow any method of teaching already in use and had
nothing in common with the standard well regulated system. But the primary reason for the success of his method was the fact
that the teacher was more a facilitator who adjusted his method of approach with each individual child as per the childs desire.
Hence option 4.

Question No. : 3
What can be inferred from the experience of Kabylia?
AOrganic teaching is useful only to young children BOnly single words are taught
COrganic reading is the key to teaching any country or society
DAdults in the town wanted to learn to sign their names to save money
Explanation:
Option 3 is the best answer.
We can infer that organic reading is the key to teaching any country or society.
This is because even in the mountains of Algeria adults needed to sign in order to collect register letters and for that they needed
to sign their names.
In organic reading the learner is taught words which he or she would be most likely to use in their situations.

As the volunteer taught them to sign the names the people became interested in learning. Hence option 3.

Question No. : 4
What does the author mean by organic reading in the context of the passage:
AAn organic approach to the teaching of reading emphasizes the selection of vocabulary from the hypothetical
background of the child
BAn organic approach to the teaching of reading emphasizes the selection of vocabulary from the affected background of
the child
CAn organic approach to the teaching of reading emphasizes the selection of vocabulary from the ruminative based
background of the child
D An organic approach to the teaching of reading emphasizes the selection of vocabulary from the experiential

background of the child


Explanation:
Option 4 is the best answer.
In this case, the author of the passage clearly highlights that organic reading is one based on the experiences of the child and what
he sees around himself; it is not something that is ingrained in him and forced upon. Keeping this mind, we find option 4 the apt
answer here.

DIRECTIONS for the question: In each of the following paragraphs, a part of the paragraph is left unfinished. Beneath each
paragraph, five different ways of completing the paragraph are indicated. Choose the best alternative amongst the five.
Question No. : 5
DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the passage and answer the question based on it.

As the content of a philosophical doctrine must be determined by theinitial assumptionswhich a philosopher makes and by
themethod which he adopts in his reasonings, it is well to examine with some care certain broad differences in this respect
which characterize different philosophers, and which help to explain how it is that the results of their reflections are so
startlingly different. I shall first speak ofRationalism, which I may somewhat loosely define as the doctrine that the reason can
attain truths independently of observationcan go beyond experienced fact and the deductions which experience seems to
justify us in making from experienced fact. The definition cannot mean much to us until it is interpreted by a concrete example,
and I shall turn to such. It must, however, be borne in mind that the word "rationalism" is meant to cover a great variety of
opinions, and we have said comparatively little about him when we have called a man a rationalist in philosophy. Men may
agree in believing that the reason can go beyond experienced fact, and yet may differ regarding the particular truths which may
be thus attained.

Now, when Descartes found himself discontented with the philosophy that he and others had inherited from the Middle Ages,
and undertook a reconstruction, he found it necessary to throw over a vast amount of what had passed as truth, if only with a
view to building up again upon a firmer foundation. It appeared to him that much was uncritically accepted as true in
philosophy and in the sciences which a little reflection revealed to be either false or highly doubtful. Accordingly, he decided to
clear the ground by a sweeping doubt, and to begin his task quite independently. In accordance with this principle, he rejected
the testimony of the senses touching the existence of a world of external things. Do not the senses sometimes deceive us? And,
since men seem to be liable to error in their reasonings, even in a field so secure as that of mathematical demonstration, he
resolved further to repudiate all the reasonings he had heretofore accepted. He would not even assume himself to be in his
right mind and awake; might he not be the victim of a diseased fancy, or a man deluded by dreams?

Could anything whatever escape this alldevouring doubt? One truth seemed unshakable: his own existence, at least, emerged
from this sea of uncertainties. I may be deceived in thinking that there is an external world, and that I am awake and really
perceive things; but I surely cannot be deceived unless I exist. Cogito, ergo sum: this truth Descartes accepted as the first
principle of the new and sounder philosophy which he sought. As we read farther in Descartes we discover that he takes back
again a great many of those things that he had at the outset rejected as uncertain. Thus, he accepts an external world of
material things. How does he establish its existence? He cannot do it as the empiricist does it, by a reference to experienced
fact, for he does not believe that the external world is directly given in our experience. He thinks we are directly conscious only
of our ideasof it, and must somehow prove that it exists over against our ideas. By his principles, Descartes is compelled to fall

back upon a curious roundabout argument to prove that there is a world. He must first prove that God exists, and then argue
that God would not deceive us into thinking that it exists when it does not.

Now, when we come to examine Descartes' reasonings in detail we find what appear to us some very uncritical assumptions.
Thus, he proves the existence of God by the following argument: I exist, and I find in me the idea of God; of this idea I cannot
be the author, for it represents something much greater than I, and its cause must be as great as the reality it represents. In
other words, nothing less than God can be the cause of the idea of God which I find in me, and, hence, I may infer that God
exists.
The author of the passage would agree with :
AThe doctrine of rationalism essentially leads to a situation where the truth is independent of the observer
BDescartes was highly doubtful about what was true in philosophy and in the sciences
CSenses cannot provide one compelling proof of the existence of the external world
D In order to remove all observational biases, Descartes went to the extent of making extreme assumptions about his own

state
Explanation:
Option 4 is the correct answer.
Option 1 can be denied from the lines: I shall first speak ofRationalism, which I may somewhat loosely define as the doctrine that
the reason can attain truths independently of observationcan go beyond experienced fact and the deductions which experience
seems to justify us in making from experienced fact. Truth is independent of observation, not the observer.
Option 2 is based on the lines: It appeared to him that much was uncritically accepted as true in philosophy and in the sciences
which a little reflection revealed to be either false or highly doubtful. Again a close inspection would reveal that these lines do not
imply the given option.
Option 3 is based on the lines: In accordance with this principle, he rejected the testimony of the senses touching the existence of a
world of external things. Option 3 is a tricky one. This option essentially highlights one of the views held by Descartes. It is a view
of the author? We cannot be certain about that.
Option 4 is based on the lines: And, since men seem to be liable to error in their reasonings, even in a field so secure as that of
mathematical demonstration, he resolved further to repudiate all the reasonings he had heretofore accepted. He would not even
assume himself to be in his right mind and awake; might he not be the victim of a diseased fancy, or a man deluded by dreams?
What is the purpose of these assumptions? To remove any observational and personal bias.
Question No. : 6
Based on the information in the passage, define the term Cogito, ergo sum.
AI exist, hence I am

BI am, hence I think

CI exist, hence I think

DI think, hence I exist

Explanation:
Option 4 is the correct answer.
Refer to the lines: I may be deceived in thinking that there is an external world, and that I am awake and really perceive things; but
I surely cannot be deceived unless I exist.Cogito, ergo sum: this truth Descartes accepted as the first principle of the new and
sounder philosophy which he sought.
From the given lines, we can summarize that the central reason why we can safely assume that we exist is the very fact that we
can think this thought. If you observe closely, cogito is the Latin root for the word cognition, an additional tool that you can
utilize here to identify option as the correct answer.
Question No. : 7
Fromthepassage,acriticalcommentthatcanbeinferredontheargumentprovidedbyDescartesfortheexistenceofGodis:

AHe uses rationalism in a predisposed manner, disregarding its inherent precepts


BHe uses rationalism in a circuitous manner, merged with certain superficial assumptions to prove the existence of God
CHe carefully constructs a closecircuited rationalistic argument to prove the existence of God
DHe uses a set of nonempirical and rational experience to bolster his exacting argument for the existence of God
Explanation:

Option 2 is the correct answer.


The correct answer is this case can be found from the following lines: How does he establish its existence? He cannot do it as the
empiricist does it, by a reference to experienced fact, for he does not believe that the external world is directly given in our
experience. He thinks we are directly conscious only of our ideasof it, and must somehow prove that it exists over against our
ideas. By his principles, Descartes is compelled to fall back upon a curious roundabout argument to prove that there is a world. He
must first prove that God exists, and then argue that God would not deceive us into thinking that it exists when it does not. If you
read the above lines closely, you would be able to distinguish a negative undertone of the author and how he sees the argument
provided by Descartes as a flimsy one. This is the precise sentiment that we select as the correct answer choice in this case by
selecting option 2, which carried a very strong negative sentiment and highlights the illogical and circular nature of Descartes
argument.
Question No. : 8
It can be deduced from the passage that:
ARationalism, an exercise in philosophy that believes reason can go beyond the realm of a simply experiential system of
deductions and factfinding, is made up of singular forms of thinking, all of which may be in agreement with their final
summations
BRationalism, a stream in philosophy that believes reason can go beyond the realm of a simply experiential system of

deductions and factfinding, is made up of multifarious lines of thinking, all of which may not be in agreement with their
final summations
CRationalism, a subset of philosophy that believes reason can go beyond the realm of a simply experiential system of
deductions and factfinding, is made up of diverse modes of thinking, some of which may employ dissimilar methods
when it comes to making their final summations
DRationalism, a small portion in philosophy that believes reason cannot go beyond the realm of a simply experiential
system of deductions and factfinding, is made up of diverse modes of evaluation, some of which may employ dissimilar
methods when it comes to making their final summations
Explanation:
Option 2 is the correct answer.
The answer to this question can be found from the parts highlighted in the following extract from the passage: I shall first speak
ofRationalism, which I may somewhat loosely define as the doctrine that the reason can attain truths independently of
observationcan go beyond experienced fact and the deductions which experience seems to justify us in making from
experienced fact. The definition cannot mean much to us until it is interpreted by a concrete example, and I shall turn to such. It
must, however, be borne in mind that the word "rationalism" is meant to cover a great variety of opinions, and we have said
comparatively little about him when we have called a man a rationalist in philosophy. Men may agree in believing that the
reason can go beyond experienced fact, and yet may differ regarding the particular truths which may be thus attained.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Sentences given in each question, when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Each
sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from amongst the four choices given to construct a
coherent paragraph.
Question No. : 9
DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.

The problem of shelter has assumed critical dimensions. Efforts at arresting further deterioration started about a decade back,
both on the national and international fronts. However, the desired improvement in human settlements has yet to be seen,
particularly those of the poor and underprivileged. In a sense this failure reflects the weaknesses or limitations of our thinking
in the perception of the problem.

A simple fact, often overlooked, is that the runaway growth of cities has the same adverse impact on the nation and its
economy as net growth of population. Whenever a city grows beyond a certain limit, it becomes inefficient in providing services
to its citizens. A more serious distortion is the illusion of prosperity the city presents, while nearly half of its population lives in
abject poverty, squalor and degradation. Human values are ruthlessly debased under such appalling and humiliating
conditions.

Unfortunately the poor are often blamed for the haphazard growth of cities. A popular contention is that city planning is
frequently ruined by the increasing influx of rural migrants squatting on public lands. However, the fact is that any type of

investment by the formal sector, which in a city generates employment in the service sector, attracts rural migrants.

Notwithstanding the various strategies adopted and initiatives taken for housing the poor, squatter settlements in urban
centres continue to mushroom. The present shelter strategies have failed to help the poor who resolve their shelter problem by
squatting on public lands. It is, therefore, essential that we take a fresh look at the present shelter strategies and investigate
what new directions may be taken.

The initial efforts to resolve the housing problems of the poor were directed to the provision of built houses. To overcome
these difficulties, the strategy shifted to the site and services programme. For poor communities, housing is a process
wherein, the services, community facilities and shelter itself gradually improve with social and economic stability and
development.

In the built house approach, the people come last and have no choice in determining the site, the level of services and the type
of shelter. In the site and services programme, the order is site, services, people and shelter. Here, the people have been
brought in the housing process before the shelter is built and to that extent they have a choice in the type of shelter they can
make at a cost which they can bear. The site as well as the services, however, get determined before the people move.

In squatter settlements, the people have first selected a site which meets their social and economic needs, built shelters they
could afford and then waited for the services to move in over a period of time. These settlements fulfill the needs of the poor in
a logical sequence suited to their needs and, in that sense, are the most successful settlements. However, they do not comply
with the city planning regulations. Moreover, the cost to the state and the city, in regularizing these settlements without getting
any value for the land or services, is substantial.

The next best order of development which would meet the needs of the poor would be land, people, shelter and services.
Simply put, this means that the poor would be offered a site with no services, excepting possibly access to the site and drinking
water as per rural standards.

There can be various reservations regarding this approach. The first major objection would be that providing sites without
services, particularly sanitation, cannot be accepted as a policy. The answer to this is that if such unserviced sites are not
provided, the poor will squat on sites with no services and the sanitation of the city would in any case deteriorate. On the other
hand, the advantage is that by providing sites in a planned manner, it would be easier and more economical to provide services
at a later date, and the settlement would be better organized than a squattersettlement.

The second objection could be that by providing such sites, migration into the cities would be further encouraged. Migration of
the poor into the cities depends on economic opportunities available there and has a certain relationship to the size of the city,
growth of economic activity, etc. Merely organizing upgradeable sites cannot lead to additional migrants moving into the cities.

A third objection could be that it will be difficult to provide land on such a large scale. While this can be a genuine difficulty, it
must be pointed out that poor people do find land for themselves leading to unplanned squatter settlements. The government
must, in the interest of the city as well as the poor, regulate this process by giving the poor a legal access to some land.
It can be inferred that the haphazard growth of cities is mainly due to
AThe migrants who come from rural areas and squat on public roads BThe tremendous growth of population
CThe inefficiency in providing services to citizens
DThe investment by the formal sector in cities
Explanation:
Option 4 is the best answer.
The passage states that any type of investments by the formal sector in a city generates employment in the service sector which
attracts rural migrants. Hence option 4 is the correct answer.
Question No. : 10
Squattersettlements are more successful than site and services and the builthouse approach because
AThe order of development is people, sites, shelter and services
BThe order of development is shelter, site, people and services
CThe order of development is site, shelter, services and people
DThe order of development is site, services, shelter and people

Explanation:
Option 1 is the best answer.
In squatter settlements people have first selected a site which meets their social and economic needs then builds shelter they could
afford and then waited for services to move in.
Hence option 1 is the correct option

Question No. : 11
The objections for the land, people, shelter and services are all the following, EXCEPT
AProviding sites without services cannot be accepted as a policy
BFinancial assistance provided to people cannot be recovered from them
CSites without services lead to a deterioration in sanitation
DProviding land will lead to an exodus of people from rural areas to urban areas
Explanation:
Option 2 is the best answer.
Except option 2 all the other three are clearly stated in the last three paragraphs.
Providing sites without services, sanitation providing land on a large scale and encouraging migration are the clearly stated
reasons.

Question No. : 12
In the last three paragraphs of the passage, the author:
Adiscounts all possible reasons for a particular outcome
Bcreates a subtext which can be extrapolated to form wider narrative for discussion
Chighlights analytical responses to possible dissenting viewpoints for a particular course of action
Dcreates a framework to discuss the possible outcomes with respect to the adoption of a particular course of action
Explanation:
Option 3 is the best answer.
In the last three paragraphs, the author highlights the objections to systematic site development for migrants and then goes on to
negate them, and prove that how systematic development would help. Systematic development is the course of action mentioned
in option 3 and we can see that it is perfect fit in the given case. Each of the other options does not state the actual purpose of
these paragraphs and adopts an indirect way of deflecting the reader from the actual viewpoints.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the passage and answer the question based on it.
Question No. : 13
In times of crisis, those who would like us to keep just one idea in our heads at any one time are quick to the megaphones. By
framing events in Manichean terms dark versus light; good versus evil an imposed binary morality seeks to coral us into
crude camps. There are no dilemmas, only declarations. What some lack in complexity they make up for in polemical clarity and
the provision of a clear enemy.

A black man kills two policemen in their car in New York, and suddenly those who protested against the police killing unarmed
black people across the country and going unpunished have blood on their hands. Sony pulls a film about the fictional
assassination of a real foreign leader after threats of violent reprisals, and suddenly anyone who challenged the wisdom of
making such a film is channelling their inner Neville Chamberlain. Straw men are stopped and searched in case they are
carrying nuance and then locked up until the crisis is over. No charges are ever brought because a trial would require questions
and evidence. Youre either with us or against us.

The horrific events of the past week have provided one such crisis. From both the left and right, efforts to explain the
assassinations at Charlie Hebdo magazine, a Kosher supermarket and elsewhere inevitably become reductive. Most seek, with a
singular linear thesis, to explain what happened and what we should do about it: its about Islam; it has nothing to do with
Islam; its about foreign policy; it has nothing to do with foreign policy; its war; its criminality; its about freedom of speech,
integration, racism, multiculturalism. There is something to most of these. And yet not enough to any one of them to get
anywhere close. Too few, it seems, are willing to concede that while the act of shooting civilians dead where they live and work
is crude, the roots of such actions are deep and complex, and the motivations, to some extent, unknowable and incoherent. The
bolder each claim, the more likely it is to contain a qualifying or even contradictory argument at least as plausible.

Clearly, this was an attack on free speech. Despite the bold statements of the past week any cartoonist will now think more than
twice before drawing the kind of pictures for which Charlie Hebdo became notorious. This principle should be unequivocally
defended. It should also be honestly defined. Every country, including France, has limits on freedom of speech. In 2005 Le
Monde was found guilty of racist defamation against Israel and the Jewish people. In 2008 a cartoonist at Charlie Hebdo was
fired after refusing to apologise for making antisemitic remarks in a column. And two years before the Danish paper Jyllands
Posten published the cartoons of Muhammad in 2006, it rejected ones offering a lighthearted take on the resurrection of
Christ for fear they would provoke an outcry.

Far from being sacred, as some have claimed, freedom of speech is always contingent. All societies draw lines, that are ill
defined, constantly shifting and continually debated, about what constitutes acceptable standards of public discourse when it
comes to cultural, racial and religious sensitivities. The question is whether those lines count for Muslims too. The demand that
Muslims should have to answer for these killings is repugnant. Muslims can no more be held responsible for these atrocities
than Jews can for the bombings in Gaza. Muslims do not form a monolithic community; nor does their religion define their
politics indeed they are the people most likely to be killed by Islamic extremists. The Paris killers shot a Muslim policeman; the
next day a Muslim shop assistant hid 15 people in the freezer of a kosher deli while the shooter held hostages upstairs. Nobody
elected these gunmen; they dont represent anyone.

That said, it is simply untenable to claim that these attackers had nothing to do with Islam, anymore than it would be to say the
Ku Klux Klan had nothing to do with Christianity, or that Indias BJP has nothing to do with Hinduism. It is within the ranks of
that religion that this particular strain of violence has found inspiration and justification. That doesnt make the justifications
valid or the inspirations less perverted. But it doesnt render them irrelevant either. Those who claim that Islam is inherently
violent are more hateful, but no less nonsensical, than those who claim it is inherently peaceful. The insistence that these
hateful acts are refuted by ancient texts makes as much sense as insisting they are supported by them. Islam, like any religion,
isnt inherently anything but what people make of it. A small but significant minority have decided to make it violent. There is
no need to be in denial about this.

It can be said that the author of the passage is issuing a warning against:
Apolarized views on contentious issues Bsyncretic judgments passed on debatable issues
Cmultifarious opinions providing a collage of opinions on issues Dincoherence on matters that inherently divide society
Explanation:
Option 1 is the correct answer.
In the given case, the author of the passage is clearly against the highly charged and polarized views that divide the world into
polar extremes. He highlights during the course of the passage that adopting extreme viewpoints is not the solution and one needs
to be careful of these. This makes option 1 the best answer in the given case.
Question No. : 14
What does the author mean when he says freedom of speech is always contingent?
Afreedom of speech is free from all restrains Bfreedom of speech is always observational
Cfreedom of speech is always subject to the prevalent conditions
Dfreedom of speech is always dependent upon the frame of reference
Explanation:
Option 3 is the best answer.
In the given case, the meaning of the word contingent is important. It means Determined by conditions or circumstances that
follow. Now the choice is between option 3 and 4. Option 4 is incorrect as we do not know which frame of reference is being

talked about here. Option 1 goes against the given meaning and option 2 is unrelated in the given context.
Question No. : 15
From the given context, how many of the following can be used to refer to the meaning of Manichean terms, as implied in the
passage,:

I. a bipolar classification
II. a multidimensional categorization
III. a dichotomous cataloging
IV. a Janusfaced classification

You need to select how many of the above can refer to Manichean terms.
AI

BII

CIII

DIV

Explanation:
Option 3 is the best answer.
Refer to the lines: By framing events in Manichean terms dark versus light; good versus evil an imposed binary morality seeks
to coral us into crude camps.
These lines clearly indicate that Manichean terms refers to classification where a contrast is setup. Three options match this
description:
Janusfaced means: Having or concerned with polarities or contrasts.
Bipolar means: Having two poles
Dichotomous means: Divided or dividing into two sharply distinguished parts or classifications

Question No. : 16
It can be deduced from the passage:

I. The author of the passage is against reductive analysis of issues which are far more complex that what many are willing to
accept.
II. The true motives of attacks such as those on Charlie Hebdo can actually not be completely ascertained
III. Effectively, people make religions.
AI & II

BII & III

CI & III

DAll of the above

Explanation:
Option 1 is the best answer.
Statements I and II can be deduced from the lines: The horrific events of the past week have provided one such crisis. From both
the left and right, efforts to explain the assassinations at Charlie Hebdo magazine, a Kosher supermarket and elsewhere inevitably
become reductive. Most seek, with a singular linear thesis, to explain what happened and what we should do about it. Too few, it
seems, are willing to concede that while the act of shooting civilians dead where they live and work is crude, the roots of such
actions are deep and complex, and the motivations, to some extent, unknowable and incoherent.

For option III is read the lines: Islam, like any religion, isnt inherently anything but what people make of it. A small but
significant minority have decided to make it violent. There is no need to be in denial about this.
On close observation you will note that the passage states is religion is effectively what people make of it. Statement III reverses
this causation and hence is incorrect.

DIRECTIONS for the question : Read the passage and answer the question based on it.
Question No. : 17

There is a homely proverb, which speaks a shrewd truth, that whoever the devil finds idle he will employ. And what but habitual
idleness can hereditary wealth and titles produce? For man is so constituted that he can only attain a proper use of his faculties
by exercising them, and will not exercise them unless necessity of some kind first set the wheels in motion. Virtue likewise can
only be acquired by the discharge of relative duties; but the importance of these sacred duties will scarcely be felt by the being
who is cajoled out of his humanity by the flattery of sycophants. There must be more equality established in society, or morality
will never gain ground, and this virtuous equality will not rest firmly even when founded on a rock, if onehalf of mankind be
chained to its bottom by fate, for they will be continually undermining it through ignorance or pride.

It is vain to expect virtue from women till they are in some degree independent of men; nay, it is vain to expect that strength of
natural affection which would make them good wives and mothers. Whilst they are absolutely dependent on their husbands
they will be cunning, mean, and selfish; and the men who can be gratified by the fawning fondness of spaniellike affection
have not much delicacy, for love is not to be bought; in any sense of the words, its silken wings are instantly shrivelled up when
anything beside a return in kind is sought. Yet whilst wealth enervates men, and women live, as it were, by their personal
charms, how can we expect them to discharge those ennobling duties which equally require exertion and selfdenial?
Hereditary property sophisticates the mind, and the unfortunate victims to itif I may so express myselfswathed from their
birth, seldom exert the locomotive faculty of body or mind, and thus viewing everything through one medium, and that a false
one, they are unable to discern in what true merit and happiness consist. False, indeed, must be the light when the drapery of
situation hides the man, and makes him stalk in masquerade, dragging from one scene of dissipation to another the nerveless
limbs that hang with stupid listlessness, and rolling round the vacant eye, which plainly tells us that there is no mind at home.

I mean therefore to infer that the society is not properly organised which does not compel men and women to discharge their
respective duties by making it the only way to acquire that countenance from their fellowcreatures, which every human being
wishes some way to attain. The respect consequently which is paid to wealth and mere personal charms is a true northeast
blast that blights the tender blossoms of affection and virtue. Nature has wisely attached affections to duties to sweeten toil,
and to give that vigour to the exertions of reason which only the heart can give. But the affections which is put on merely
because it is the appropriated insignia of a certain character, when its duties are not fulfilled, is one of the empty compliments
which vice and folly are obliged to pay to virtue and the real nature of things.

Excerpted from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman by Mary Wollstonecraf


The author uses the proverb about idleness and devil to demonstrate that
Aidleness prevents a man from proper exercise of his faculties
Bonly when a man is in tune with his faculties will he utilize them to their full potential
Cvirtue and idleness are related to each other
Dwomen are dependent on men and hence women cannot utilize their potential to the fullest
Explanation:
Option 1. The passage states that when one inherits wealth and titles, one does not exercise ones faculties.
Proper use of faculties and virtue are said to be related. Hence option 3 is incorrect.
Option 4 is not related to the proverb at all.

Question No. : 18
It can be inferred that the author believes that living by heredity wealth or personal charm makes an individual
Adependant on others for a candid assessment of things Bapt in discerning and evaluating people
Cwin respect in his or her social circle
Disolated from the ground realities of life
Explanation:
Option 4. Throughout the passage the tone of the author implies that he looks with disfavour on people who inherit wealth of who
use their personal charm.
Moreover he feels that the person will not know what is true merit and true happiness. Hence option 4 is correct.
The author feels that living by hereditary wealth and personal charms makes a person stupid and lethargic.
Options 1,2 and 3 all talk of positive results and hence cannot be the answers.

Question No. : 19

The author believes that morality can be firmly established in society only if
Aequality is achieved Bvirtues are not acquired and sacred duties are not performed.
C50% of the people are ignorant and haughty
Dthe balance between people with inheritance and those without are not balanced
Explanation:
Option 1. Refer to the sentence there must be more equality pride.
Question No. : 20
Whilst they are absolutely dependent on their husbands they will be cunning, mean, and selfish; and the men who can be
gratified by the fawning fondness of spaniellike affection have not much delicacy,

It can be inferred from the passage that:


Alove can only be fostered if there is underlying intense passion for the same
Blove can only be sheltered safely if it has material protection to it
Clove dissolves when it is measured in material terms Dlove does not fade even in the face material challenges
Explanation:
Refer to the lines: for love is not to be bought; in any sense of the words, its silken wings are instantly shrivelled up when
anything beside a return in kind is sought.
These lines clearly indicate that option 3 is the correct answer.
Options 1 and 4 are not mentioned in the passage.
Option 2 goes against what is mentioned in the passage.

DIRECTIONS for the question : Read the passage and answer the question based on it.
Question No. : 21
Design fictions draw on a long tradition of technological storytelling. Every technology starts with a story. We dont know how
the first hominids who fashioned a handaxe from a flint shaped their thoughts, but the very action of flintknapping implies a
plan for the future: the result will be better, in some way, than the flints already to hand. So it is with all technologies. A tool
always implies at least one small story, writes the historian of technology David Nye in Technology Matters. It begins in the
imagination, and that imagining extends to what the tools will help us to achieve. These stories can be as dry as a patent, or as
fanciful as a commercial for some new gadget that will magically endow your life with the shining perfection of the product you
are being sold Google Glass, anyone?.

They are also interwoven with more familiar kinds of science fiction. The ties between scientific speculation, technological
imagination and scifi are close, and complex, even if genuinely new ideas most often come up in the tech arena first. Arthur C
Clarke is often cited as a technovisionary for his ideas about geostationary communication satellites, but these were first
outlined in 1945 in a technical essay, not in fiction. And yet the causal chain can run in the other direction: Clarkes road map to
the planets fundamentally shaped NASAs space policy in the 1960s and, earlier, the pioneers of rocketry drew heavily on the
fictions of Jules Verne and H G Wells.

Often the imaginings of scifi and technology work as an echochamber, reflecting ideas back and forth, with tech innovators
claiming scifi inspiration as a way of communicating what their devices might do. Martin Cooper, the US engineer who led the
team behind the first cell phone demonstrated in 1973 happily told reporters it was inspired by the Star Trek communicator;
yet, at the time, he had been working for Motorola on handheld police radios, and the mobile phone was a simple extension
of that idea. But namechecking Star Trek was a good way to get peoples attention.

Scifi media can be astonishingly effective at promoting possible technologies. This takes on a new dimension in film, which
trades in realistic depictions of new tech to underpin fictional worlds. Sometimes this cinematic realism is directly exploited by
innovators. The computer interface that Tom Cruises character uses to manipulate data with gestures in Minority Report 2002
was based on designs by John Underkoffler, a former MIT Media Lab researcher in visualisation who was working towards just

such an interface. Although the films narrative was dark, the interface caught peoples imagination, and Underkoffler used its
cinematic impact to help secure investment in his research.

Such ultrarealist depiction of possible technology, what David Kirby in Lab Coats in Hollywood 2011 calls diegetic
prototypes, is an unbeatable way to promote a new technological possibility. As Kirby writes in a 2009 paper for the journal
Social Studies of Science: cinematic texts require technologies to work. And, in this case, visual realism was achieved by
enlisting help from people who wanted to develop precisely what was being depicted. It is a new kind of selffulfilling
prophecy, he says, creating preproduct placements for technologies that do not yet exist.
The primary purpose of the passage is:
Ato explain how the world of sciencefiction works and how it places itself unobtrusively in the real world
Bto highlight how design fiction works and how selffulfilling loops are created by the intermingling of technology

development and science fiction


Cto explore how science fiction can come to the rescue of researchers by providing them a realist outlet for displaying and
showcasing their technologies
Dto showcase how the development of ideas first leads to the creation of tools and how this ultimately becomes a part of
the stories we read
Explanation:
Option B
The answer to this question is based on the overall understanding of the passage. Refer to the following line: Often the imaginings
of scifi and technology work as an echochamber, reflecting ideas back and forth, with tech innovators claiming scifi inspiration
as a way of communicating what their devices might do.
The line above reflects the general idea of the author where he wishes to explain how technology and science fiction come
together in design fiction. The author gives examples of cases where the technology has followed science fiction ideas. He has also
given examples where an underdevelopment technology becomes part of the film. From these examples, we can derive the fact
that the author wishes to highlight a symbiotic relationship between technology development and science fiction and how these
two help each other. This relationship is best reflected in option 2.

Question No. : 22
It can be inferred from the passage:
Aproducts such as Google Glass showcase how stories behind a technology can be misleading
Bproducts such as Google Glass showcase how stories behind a technology are created in the form of commercials that
entice the public to buy them
Cproducts such as Google Glass showcase how stories behind a technology can be fascinatingly portrayed
Dproducts such as Google Glass showcase how stories behind a technology can be driven by commercial interests
Explanation:
Option C
Refer to the lines: So it is with all technologies. A tool always implies at least one small story, writes the historian of technology
David Nye in Technology Matters. It begins in the imagination, and that imagining extends to what the tools will help us to
achieve. These stories can be as dry as a patent, or as fanciful as a commercial for some new gadget that will magically endow
your life with the shining perfection of the product you are being sold (Google Glass, anyone?).
Why does the author provide us the example of the Google Glass commercials that explain the story behind this technology
product? In the given case, the author of the passage is making a comparison to showcase how the story for the given product has
been made in the interesting format of a commercial. There is no judgment being passed by the author of the passage; he is
simply making a comparison between two forms of depiction with patents being the boring/dry form and commercials being the
interesting form. Keeping this in mind, we find option 3 to be the apt answer for the given question.

Question No. : 23
The example of John Underkoffler highlights:
Ahow scifi media can help germinate possible technologies

Bhow scifi media can help endorse possible technologies


Dhow scifi media can help develop possible technologies

Chow scifi media can help stimulate possible technologies

Explanation:
Option B
The answer to this question is derived from the lines: Scifi media can be astonishingly effective at promoting possible
technologies.
Your task is only one: to find a word that is closest to 'promoting' in the given options. Two options that can be ruled out
immediately are: germinate and develop. These two imply a sentiment of working on something and improving it. This is clearly
not correct in the given case as the role of scifi media in the given case is promoting the possible technology.
Out of stimulate (make someone or something act in a particular way or do a particular thing) and endorse (declare one's public
approval or support of), we can clearly see that endorse fits the bill better and relates to the sentiment of promotion better than
stimulate.

Question No. : 24
Which of the following statements is correct?

I. Science fiction contributes most the new ideas that come up in the scientific world.
II. Science fiction and technology complement each other by reinforcing ideas of each other.
III. Visual realism in cinematic texts can help promote a technology even before it is created.

AI & II

BII & III

CI & III

DAll of the above

Explanation:
Option B
Statement I is incorrect. Refer to the lines: The ties between scientific speculation, technological imagination and scifi are close,
and complex, even if genuinely new ideas most often come up in the tech arena first.
Statement II is correct. Refer to the lines: Often the imaginings of scifi and technology work as an echochamber, reflecting ideas
back and forth, with tech innovators claiming scifi inspiration as a way of communicating what their devices might do.
Statement III is correct. Refer to the lines: cinematic texts require technologies to work. And, in this case, visual realism was
achieved by enlisting help from people who wanted to develop precisely what was being depicted. It is a new kind of selffulfilling
prophecy, he says, creating preproduct placements for technologies that do not yet exist

DIRECTIONS for the question: The five sentences (labelled 1,2,3,4, and 5) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form
a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper order for the sentence and key in this sequence of five numbers as your answer.
Question No. : 25
1. The source of our selfinduced perpetual confusion is our stubborn insistence on slicing and dicing events, then filing them
severally in convenient pigeonholes in order to forget about them, because we find connecting and remembering too painful
and demanding.
2. But to say that is very far from sufficient, and the fact that so many of us "like" each other's wellmeaning, selfsatisfied liberal
pieties and commentaries on Facebook is actually part of the problem.
3. The truth is that each of these is connected to every other; everything is connected to everything else.
4. These musings are on my mind now, because of the longawaited release of the report detailing just how viscerally and
morally disgusting has been the CIA's torture regime worldwide since 2001 and I'm appalled, of course, like any rightthinking
person, and ashamed, as every selfrespecting patriotic American should be.
5. Part of the problem with "Ferguson" is precisely that we've hastened to make it a shorthand term, the better to pigeonhole it
or explain it away, not unlike "Sandy Hook" or "Katrina" or "9/11."
write the answer key
A53142

Explanation:

Sentence 5 talks of some major earthshaking events while line 3 offers a supporting comment by saying that each of these is
connected. Further, line 1 talks of the reasons behind our perceived trouble with these events and the way we interpret them (531).
Notice carefully the words these musings in line 4, which refer to the ideas in line 1 only. Besides, line 4 contains some painful
admissions by the author, which connect very well with but to say that is. in line 2 ..(53142).
DIRECTIONS for the question: Identify the most appropriate summary for the paragraph and write the key for most appropriate
option.
Question No. : 26
Feminists insist that the more women, people of color and LGBT individuals are visible, the better off and more egalitarian
the world will be. But is simple representation the best answer to sexism? Women are still scarce in many places of power:
theres a dearth of women in Congress, a lack of female experts on the Sunday morning talk shows and a shortage of women
CEOs, law partners and bylined reporters. The push for eventual parity, however, often means that the first women in
traditionally male spaces be it politics, gaming or even firefighting are saddled with the responsibility of taking abuse until a
critical mass is reached and hopefully the culture shifts, and of making that space more womanfriendly.
1. Increased representation, coupled with actual on the ground parity, is the way forward in order to ensure that the world
adopts a more womenfriendly approach
2. An increase in representation at places that matter is of greater consequence than a simple increase in numbers when it
comes to deciding the power of women in society
3. A simple increase in representation of women might actually be a misleading criterion in order to judge the actual role of
women in society
4. An increase in representation of women in various places , in conjunction with greater authority in roles of power, is required
to end discrimination against women
write the answer key
A4

Explanation:
Option 4 is the apt answer in the given case. It contains all the points in the passage. Remember, the subject of the passage is
sexism (discriminatory or abusive behaviour towards members of the opposite sex) and this only finds a mention in option 4.
Option 1, though close to option 4, leaves out the sexism bit and rather places focus on 'women friendly approach'. This is clearly
not mentioned in the passage.
Option 2 only picks up one point of the passage. Option 3 again only analyses the given issue from one perspective and misses the
main point. Also, the phrase 'actual role of women in society' is ambiguous in the given context.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Identify the most appropriate summary for the paragraph and write the key for most appropriate
option.
Question No. : 27
Uber fits neatly into the mythology of the tech industry, which portrays itself as surfing one of the waves of creative
destruction through which capitalism periodically renews itself. In this narrative, industrial progress involves a good deal of
destruction in order to make way for new, creative, wealthcreating industries. The abolition of old timers such as licensed taxi
cabs, travel agents and bookshops etc is merely the collateral damage of an essentially benign process regrettable but
necessary casualties of innovation. You dont have to be much of a sceptic to spot that this is selfserving cant. Far from being a
radical innovation, Uber is a classic example of something as old as the internet itself, namely our old friend disintermediation.
The idea is to find a business in which the need of buyers to find sellers and vice versa has traditionally been handled by an
intermediary, and then use networking technology to eliminate said middle man. It happened a very long time ago to travel
agents and bookshops. Now its happening to taxi firms. If this is technological innovation, then its a pretty lowIQ
manifestation of it.
1. Companies such as Uber only bring bluster to the table and very little in terms of actual deliverables
2. Economics still runs on the same tenets, with newbie companys claim to fame being rehashed versions of essentially age
old established business models
3. Businesses undergo periodic cycles of rejuvenation and claiming this to be ones success only amounts to empty bluster

4. Businesses, which essentially have a technique that is already wellestablished in the current age, do not have the claim to
fame as touted by some
write the answer key
A4

Explanation:
Option 4 is the best answer.
Option 1 is incorrect, as Uber brings something to the table, though not to the degree it claims.
Option 2 is a close option but commits the mistake of highlighting economics instead of businesses. Business models are being
discussed in the paragraph, and not economics.
Option 3 is incorrect as no periodic cycles have been mentioned in the given paragraph.
Option 4 is the perfect representation for the paragraph as it essentially points out the significant points of the paragraph.

DIRECTIONS for the question: The five sentences (labelled 1,2,3,4, and 5) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form
a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper order for the sentence and key in this sequence of five numbers as your answer.
Question No. : 28
1. If human rights are used as a cloak by governments to put on or cast away according to political expediency, can the
international community of states be trusted to bring about that vision?
2. Bypassed in the Iraq war and marginalized in its aftermath, discredited by its perceived vulnerability to pressure from
powerful states, the UN seemed virtually paralysed in its efforts to hold states to account for their adherence to international
law and their performance on human rights.
3. As one of the most prominent international human rights defenders lay dying in the rubble, the world had good cause to
ponder how the legitimacy and credibility of the UN could have been eroded to such a fatal degree.
4. It was easy at that moment to wonder whether the events of 2003 had also dealt a mortal blow to the vision of global justice
and universal human rights that first inspired the creation of global institutions such as the UN.
5. And what can the international community of citizens do to rescue human rights from the rubble?
write the answer key
A32415

Explanation:
The eroding of the legitimacy and credibility of the UN is reflected in 2, which talks about the UN being bypassed in the Iraq war
and the perceived vulnerability to pressure from powerful states. 3 is an opening sentence and it is linked to 2.
4 takes the idea further. 1 and 5 are again a mandatory pair because of the key word 'international'.

DIRECTIONS for question: Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a
meaningful and coherent short paragraph. Identify the odd one out. Choose its number as your answer and key it in.
Question No. : 29
1. In conversations, in the ways people I know meet medical challenges, Ive noticed not just a discomfort with the unpopular
aspects of aging, but something more general: a shrinking from the body itself, a desire to deny that this body is who we are.
2. Inspired by the generationdefining tome 'Our Bodies, Ourselves', we trained for childbirth without anesthesia, we looked at
our cervixes using a speculum, and in general cultivated in ourselves the thought that our own bodies were not sticky,
disgusting, and shameful, but dynamic, marvelous, and, more important, just us ourselves.
3. In the 1970s, we women used to talk about loving our own bodies.
4. Today, as we boomers age, male and female, what has happened to that love and excitement?
write the answer key

A1

Explanation:
In this case, statements 324 form a pair of connected statements. These act as introductory sentences that talk about how we
used to view our bodies and how that element has changed now. Statement 1, though related to the context, does not fit with any
of sentences and does not follow or precede any sentence.
DIRECTIONS for question: Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a
meaningful and coherent short paragraph. Identify the odd one out. Choose its number as your answer and key it in.
Question No. : 30
1. The dollar value of a Lunar land claim will only become big enough to be profitable when people can actually get to the land.
2. So Lunar land deeds can be offered for sale only after there is a transport system going back and forth often enough to
support a settlement and the land is actually accessible.
3. It would take a really large land claim to be worth that huge investment, of course, but there is an amazingly large amount of
land out there waiting to be claimed.
4. It will finally be understood to be land in the sky, not pie in the sky.
write the answer key
A3

Explanation:
Statement 3 talks of the huge investment required to claim the enormously large land on the Moon while the rest of the lines
speak of just Lunar land claims.
DIRECTIONS for question: Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a
meaningful and coherent short paragraph. Identify the odd one out. Choose its number as your answer and key it in.
Question No. : 31
1. It has become a basic part of everyday life.
2. We ought to remember that, in the space of a decade, the Internet has become ubiquitous in our lives.
3. Not only do we use it to access information that we are interested in, but it has also become increasingly necessary in finding
a job, working, studying, and selling and purchasing goods.
4. Free, unrestricted access to the Internet is a basic human right and the governments have a positive obligation to promote
universal access to the Internet.
write the answer key
A4

Explanation:
The lines 2, 3 and 1 (231) given here form a logical continuation in that they discuss the prime importance, benefits and the
ubiquitous nature of the Internet. Statement 4 speaks of the governments responsibility in ensuring free access to the Internet.

DIRECTION for the question: The six sentences (labelled 1,2,3,4,5 and 6) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a
coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper order for the sentence and key in this sequence of six numbers as your answer.
Question No. : 32
1. But all good things must come to an end and, to signal that lunch was over, I had to perform one final parting ritual: leaving
a tip.
2. But then I started to worry that my assumptions were out of date.
3. Postprandial bliss is especially sweet when enjoyed in the shade of a sunlit restaurant terrace in Vernazza, a picturesque
village in Liguria, on Italys northwestern coast.
4. Or perhaps not.
5. So I asked the waiter straight up about the local custom.

6. I was several days into my holiday and I realised that, contrary to my habit back home, I had not been tipping, since I
understood that it was not the Italian way.
write the answer key
A314625

Explanation:
The opening sentence of the paragraph is statement 3. It provides general information about the location of the author and acts as
the most generic statement for the given group. Statement 1 then takes forward the topic of statement 3. Statement 4 is direct
linkup with statement 1. Statement 1 leaves us on the point that whether one should leave a tip and statement 4 contradicts that.
The next set of connected statements is 625. Statement 6 informs us about how the author is thinking about not tipping in Italy,
statement 2 then contradicts the point of view in statement 6 and statement 5 represents the action taken on the basis of
statement 2.

DIRECTIONS for the question: The five sentences (labelled 1,2,3,4, and 5) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form
a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper order for the sentence and key in this sequence of five numbers as your answer.
Question No. : 33
1. After healthcare professionals noted the recipe contained 10 times the safe amount of vitamin A for babies, putting kids at
risk of death, the book was last week put on hold.
2. Then, on Saturday, Evans appeared at Melbourne Town Hall to sell the paleo diet.
3. Pan Macmillan on Monday reportedly dropped the book, but Evans will go ahead and selfpublish it digitally.
4. Australian celebrity chef Pete Evans planned to publish a paleo diet cookbook for children, Bubba Yum Yum: The Paleo
Way, that encouraged parents to feed infants with a baby formula concoction made from bone broth.
5. He reportedly told the crowd that hes not going to be silenced and encouraged them to try his broth anyway.
write the answer key

A41253

Explanation:
The first thing you should be able to identify is athat the pair 25 is mandatory. Next, you need to identify the opening sentence.
You have two choices: statement 1 or 4. Statement 4 is clear opening sentence as it introduces the topic of the paragraph.
The next thing that you need to follow is the timeline of events. First the book was put on hold, the Evans held a public event on
Saturday and at last, Pan Macmillan dropped the book on Monday.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Identify the most appropriate summary for the paragraph and write the key for most appropriate
option.
Question No. : 34
The obsession with speed now borders on the absurd. In the world of highspeed trading, investors in Chicago, for example,
can no longer trade on New York markets because of the additional nanoseconds required to transmit buy and sell orders over
networks that can never be fast enough. Far from making place irrelevant, speed has made location more important than ever.
Financial firms, following a practice known as "colocation," now build facilities for their servers located as close as possible to
the servers of the markets on which they trade. But speed has limits. As acceleration accelerates, individuals, societies,
economies, and even the environment approach meltdown. We have been conned into worshiping speed by an economic
system that creates endless desire where there is no need. The world that speed continues to create is unsustainable. Contrary
to Thomas L. Friedmans insistence that todays highspeed global capitalism creates a flat world whose horizons are infinitely
expandable, the world is both literally and figuratively round and, as such, imposes inescapable constraints. On this finite earth,
there can no longer be expansion without contractionany more than there can be growth without redistribution. When limits
are transgressed, the very networks that sustain life are threatened.
1. The speed at which the world works, including the financial markets, are expanding at an unsustainable speed that will lead

to their collapse
2. The speed at which today's capitalist world is operating and growing, of which the financial markets are a symbol, is bound
to face resistance at some point of time as it runs of its scope for expansion on this finite planet
3. The breakneck speed at which the capitalist world is growing will some point of time break the existing finite structures of
the world and provides a redistributed mechanism that ensures survival of the life on the planet
4. The world is poised at a juncture where it can inflect either to a redistributed mechanism to sustain life or head down a path
which provides even greater for expansion of the capitalist system
write the answer key
A2

Explanation:
This is a dense paragraph that requires close understanding and evaluation. Most of the options in this case are close to the actual
paragraph and make sure that your job is a fairly tough one. Let's analyse each option and use elimination to identify the correct
answer:
Option 1: this only contains partial information and does not provide a complete summary; misses out capitalism.
Option 2: this option contains all the aspects and highlights the correct relationship.
Option 3: this option provides an incorrect relationship. According to this option, the speed at which we are operating will provide
a redistributed mechanism to the world. This is completely incorrect in the given case.
Option 4: No such point is mentioned in the paragraph.

Section : DI & Reasoning


DIRECTIONS for the question: Go through the graph and the information given below and answer the question that follows.
Question No. : 35
Table 1 shows the number of ships that arrived at Mumbai port on different days of the week from October 9th to
15th i.e., from Sunday to Saturday.
Table 1
Day
Number
of ships
arrived

Oct 9th Oct 10th


Sunday Monday
28

47

Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
th
th
th
th
11
12
13
14
15th
Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
40

45

40

35

25

Each of the ships mentioned in Table 1 departs from the port in the next week, starting from October 16th to October 22nd
i.e., Sunday to Saturday. Table 2 shows the number of ships that departed from the port on different days.

Table 2
Day
Number
of ships
arrived

Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct
Oct 17th
Oct 22nd
16th
18th
19th
20th
21th
Monday
Saturday
Sunday
Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday
37

43

50

45

35

30

20

Further, no ship arriving at the port can depart from the port on or before the 5th day after the day on which it arrived. Also, no

ship can remain at the port after the 10th day after the day on which it arrived. For example, a ship which arrived on
Wednesday cannot depart on or before the next Monday but it must definitely depart on or before the next Saturday.
If, of the ships that arrived on Monday, October 10th, 22 ships departed on the next Sunday then the number of ships that
arrived on Sunday, October 9th, and departed after the next Sunday is

A13

B15

C22

DCannot be determined

Explanation:
From the given data the following table can be constructed.
Departure Day

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat

Sun

28

Mon

47

Tue
Arrival
Wed
Day
Thu

40

45

40

Fri

35

Sat

a'

b'

25

37

43

50

45

35

30

20

Given that e = 22
a is (37 22) = 15
b + c + d is (28 15) = 13
The number of ships that arrived on Sunday and departed after the next Sunday is 13.

Question No. : 36
If in the above table, all the ships that arrived on or before Tuesday, left on or before next Tuesday, then the number of ships
that arrived on Wednesday and departed on the next Tuesday is
A10

B15

C20

DCannot be determined

Explanation:
From the given data the following table can be constructed.

Departure Day

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat

Sun

28

Mon

47

Tue
Arrival
Wed
Day
Thu

40

45

40

Fri

35

Sat

a'

b'

25

37

43

50

45

35

30

20

From the table


d+h+i+l+m+n=0
a + b + c + e + f + g + j + k = 28 + 47 + 40 = 115
And also a + b + c + e + f + g + j + k + o = 37 + 43 + 50 = 130
o = 15
o is 15.
Question No. : 37

If 20 ships that arrived on Wednesday departed on Friday, the number of ships that arrived on Friday and departed on Thursday
is at least
A5

B10

C25

D30

Explanation:
From the given data the following table can be constructed.

Departure Day

Arrival
Day

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

Sun

28

Mon

47

Tue

40

Wed

45

Thu

40

Fri

35

Sat

a'

b'

25

37

43

50

45

35

30

20

From the table n + r + s + v + w + y + z + a' + b' = 50. But a' + b' = 25.
So, n + r + s + v + w + y + z = 25
As r = 20, the maximum value of y + z = 5
As, x + y + z = 35, the least possible value of x is 30.

Question No. : 38
The number of ships that arrived on Tuesday and departed on Monday is at least
A0

B3

C5

D10

Explanation:
From the given data the following table can be constructed.

Departure Day

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat

Sun

28

Mon

47

Tue
Arrival
Wed
Day
Thu

40

45

40

Fri

35

Sat

a'

b'

25

37

43

50

45

35

30

20

From the table a + b + e + f + j = 80


(a + b + e + f) is at the most 75.
j is at the least 5.

Question No. : 39

DIRECTIONS for question: The table below gives the grades obtained by 15 kids participating in an interschool singing
competition. There were 5 different rounds in the competition. Each participant got a grade out of A+, A, B+, B, C+ and C in a
round, where each grade was equivalent to 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 and 0 points respectively. Only those kids who got an A+ grade in at
least 3 rounds made it to the grandfinals.

Participants
Anil

Round
First

Second

Third

Total
Fourth

Fifth

C+

17

Bharat

B+

A+

14

Chitra

C+

Dilip

A+

B+

B+

17

Esha

B+

18

Fiza

A+

24

Geeta

A+

C+

Harsha

10

Iqbal

A+

22

Jimy

A+

A+

17

Keith

A+

B+

Liza

B+

A+

18

Minu

A+

Nikhil

A+

18

Olive

C+

A+

A+

19

Certain points noticed during the competition were:


I. Other than Fiza and Liza, only three more kids made it to the grandfinals.
II. No kid got the same grade more than 2 times with the exception of A+.
III. All the grades obtained by Bharat were different.
IV. In the first to fifth rounds, 3, 1, 3, 1 and 3 kids respectively got B+.
Who among the following could not make it to the grandfinals?
AEsha

BIqbal

COlive

DJimy

Explanation:
As by statement 1. Only five student made it to grand finals :

Eshas total is 18. From the given data, she has scored C and B+ in the first and fourth rounds.
She has to score all A+ in the remaining three rounds.Esha makes it to the grandfinals.

Iqbal scores 22 5 = 17 points in the second, third, fourth and fifth rounds.
17 = 4 + 4 + 4 + 5 = 5 + 5 + 4 + 3 = 5 + 5 + 5 + 2
Iqbal cannot score A in three rounds, he scores A+ in atleast two rounds of the four.
Iqbal makes it to the grandfinals.

Olive scores 8 points in the second and third round. He could have got an A and A or an A+ and B+ in some order in these rounds.

Similarly, Jimy scored 5 points in the first and fifth rounds.He could have got an A+ and a C or a B+ and a B or an A and a C+ in
some order.Now, there are only 3 B+ in the first round.Dilip cannot have a B+ as he already has two B+. Anil gets A or A+ in the
first round as the total of his points in the first, third and fifth rounds is 14 = 5 + 5 + 4.Similarly, Geeta can have only a C or C+ in
the first round.

Jimy has B+ in the first round. He has a B in the fifth round. Jimy does not make it to the grandfinals.


Hence the answer is option D
Question No. : 40
In which round did Iqbal obtain B+?
AFourth

BSecond

CThird

DFifth

Explanation:
Anil, Bharat, Esha, Fiza, Harsha and Jimy cannot have a B+ in the fifth round. Keiths total is 9. He can atmost have a C+ in the
fifth round. Liza cannot have a B+ in the fifth round as her total is 18 and she definitely has three A+ and one B+. There are three
children who got a B+ in the fifth round. They have to be Iqbal, Dilip and Nikhil.

Hence the answer is option D


DIRECTIONS for the question: Go through the graph and the information given below and answer the question that follows.
Question No. : 41
The top fifteen Indian Companies, based on their turnover, were ranked according to the amount that they spend towards the
welfare of the society. These ranks are termed as Social Responsibility Ranks S.R.s. The following table has been drawn in
order to represent the Comparative S.R.s. i.e., C.S.R.s of each of the companies with respect to all other companies. However,
the values in only some of the cells in the table are known. In the table given, the companies are arranged from the top row to
the bottom row and from the leftmost column to the rightmost column in the decreasing order of their turnovers. For
example, the turnover of O.N.G. is more than that of R.I.

Note: * The Comparative Social Responsibility Ranking C.S.R of a Company, X, with respect to another company, Y = S.R. of X
S.R. of Y.

For example, from the above table, the C.S.R. of O.N.G. with respect to INFS is 6. Therefore S.R. of O.N.G S.R. of INFS = 6,
and hence, the C.S.R of INFS with respect to O.N.G. will be 6, i.e., 6.
What is the value of the C.S.R. of O.N.G. with respect to H.L.?
A2

B1

C3

D5

Explanation:
Taking the SRS ranking of SAI = x.
Now, from the table given we can observe the following
WIPR SAI = 3 WIPR = x + 3
ICICB SAI = 2 ICICB = x + 2.

BHE SAI = 6 BHE = x + 6.


ICICB ITCC = 5 or x + 2 + 5 = ITCC ITCC = x + 7
BTV ITCC = 4 BTV = x + 11
RI BTV = 3 RI = x + 8
INFS BHE = 4 INFS = x + 10
ONG INFS = 6 ONG = x + 4
ITCC IO = 8 IO = x + 7 8 = x 1
RBX WIPR = 2 RBX = x + 5
TST RBX = 7 TST = x 2
HL RI = 1 HL = x + 8 + 1 = x + 9
Hence, ONG is ranked 5 less than HL, hence its CSR is 5.

Question No. : 42
How many of the given companies, which are ranked better i.e., numerically lower than I.T.C.C. in Social Responsibility
rankings have a higher Turnover than that of I.T.C.C.? in numerical value
A3

Explanation:
Taking the SRS ranking of SAI = x.
Now, from the table given we can observe the following
WIPR SAI = 3 WIPR = x + 3
ICICB SAI = 2 ICICB = x + 2.
BHE SAI = 6 BHE = x + 6.
ICICB ITCC = 5 or x + 2 + 5 = ITCC ITCC = x + 7
BTV ITCC = 4 BTV = x + 11
RI BTV = 3 RI = x + 8
INFS BHE = 4 INFS = x + 10
ONG INFS = 6 ONG = x + 4
ITCC IO = 8 IO = x + 7 8 = x 1
RBX WIPR = 2 RBX = x + 5
TST RBX = 7 TST = x 2
HL RI = 1 HL = x + 8 + 1 = x + 9

The companies with Turnover more than ITCC are ONG, RI, INFS, IO, WIPR and BTV
The rank of ITCC is numerically 8 higher than IO, 4 less than BTV and 4 higher than WIPR.
The rank of ITCC is 3 less than INFS and rank of ONG is 3 less than ITCC. Also, rank of R.I is 1 more than ITCC.
Only, ONG, WIPR and IO are ranked better than ITCC
Question No. : 43
S.R. of which of the following companies cannot be determined even after knowing the S.R. of the company R.I.?
AICICB

BG.A.I.

CS.A.I.

DH.L.

Explanation:
Taking the SRS ranking of SAI = x.
Now, from the table given we can observe the following
WIPR SAI = 3 WIPR = x + 3
ICICB SAI = 2 ICICB = x + 2.
BHE SAI = 6 BHE = x + 6.
ICICB ITCC = 5 or x + 2 + 5 = ITCC ITCC = x + 7
BTV ITCC = 4 BTV = x + 11
RI BTV = 3 RI = x + 8

INFS BHE = 4 INFS = x + 10


ONG INFS = 6 ONG = x + 4
ITCC IO = 8 IO = x + 7 8 = x 1
RBX WIPR = 2 RBX = x + 5
TST RBX = 7 TST = x 2
HL RI = 1 HL = x + 8 + 1 = x + 9

Even if rank of RI is known, rank of GAI cant be determined as there is no value in its row or column.

Question No. : 44
The S.R. of how many of the fifteen companies including R.I. can be found? in numerical value
A13

Explanation:
Taking the SRS ranking of SAI = x.
Now, from the table given we can observe the following
WIPR SAI = 3 WIPR = x + 3
ICICB SAI = 2 ICICB = x + 2.
BHE SAI = 6 BHE = x + 6.
ICICB ITCC = 5 or x + 2 + 5 = ITCC ITCC = x + 7
BTV ITCC = 4 BTV = x + 11
RI BTV = 3 RI = x + 8
INFS BHE = 4 INFS = x + 10
ONG INFS = 6 ONG = x + 4
ITCC IO = 8 IO = x + 7 8 = x 1
RBX WIPR = 2 RBX = x + 5
TST RBX = 7 TST = x 2
HL RI = 1 HL = x + 8 + 1 = x + 9
Except the ranks of SB and GAI, rank of every other company can be determined.

Question No. : 45
DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the following information and answer the questions that follow.

The four finalists, Kiran, Laxman, Mahesh and Naresh of the Lead India Campaign have entered the SMS round now and are
going to be voted by voters from four major cities viz. Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Calcutta. The total number of Voters in each
city is the same. All the four contestants had different ranks in the four cities and the interesting thing was that their ranks went
on improving by one i.e. if Kiran was 4th in Delhi, then his ranks were 3rd, 2nd and 1st in Mumbai, Chennai and Calcutta
respectively. i.e. If Mahesh was 2nd in Delhi, then his ranks were 1st, 4th & 3rd in Mumbai, Chennai and Calcutta respectively.
The person with the highest votes is ranked one and so on.

One more interesting thing is that the number of votes received by the four contestants in every city forms an A.P.
It is also known that Kiran and Mahesh received the highest number of votes in Delhi and Mumbai respectively. In Chennai, the
average number of votes garnered by the 2nd and the 4th ranked person is 78.

Kiran Laxman Mahesh Naresh

Delhi

72

Mumbai

Chennai

Calcutta

84

80

348

The difference in the number of votes received by the 1st and the 4th ranked person in Mumbai is
A28

B42

C66

D80

Explanation:
From the available information, the following can be inferred that

Kiran

Laxman

Mahesh

Naresh

Delhi

1st

2nd

72

Mumbai

4th

1st

Chennai

3rd

4th

Calcutta

2nd 84

3rd

80

348

In Calcutta, the 2nd ranked person has 84 votes and since, the 3rd ranked person is Mahesh, the rank of Naresh should therefore,
be 4th and hence, Laxmans rank in Calcutta is 1st.
So, Laxmans ranks in the four cities Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai are 4th, 3rd and 2nd respectively.
Similarly, Nareshs ranks in these four cities are 3rd, 2nd and 1st respectively.
In Calcutta, the common difference of the A.P. is 2 and so, the votes received by Kiran, Laxman, Mahesh and Naresh in the same
order are 84, 86, 82 and 80 respectively.
So, the total number of voters in each city is 332.

Kiran

Laxman

Mahesh

Naresh

Total

Delhi

1st

4th

2nd

3rd 72

332

Mumbai

4th

3rd

1st

2nd

332

Chennai

3rd

2nd

4th

1st

332

Calcutta

2nd 84

1st86

3rd82

4th 80

332

For Delhi, if the 4th ranker scores a, then the 3rd, 2nd and 1st score a + d, a + 2d and a + 3d respectively.
We have, a + d = 72 and 4a + 6d = 332.
Solving these two equations, we get a = 50, d = 22.
For Chennai, using the same logic as above, [a + a + 2d] / 2 = 78, 2a + 3d =166 i.e. a + d = 78.
Solving these two equations, we get a = 68, d = 10.
For Mumbai, since the total of all 4 cities for Mahesh is 348, the number of votes cornered by him here is 104 and so, for Mumbai,
a = 62 and d = 14.
So, the table looks like

Kiran

Laxman Mahesh Naresh

Delhi

1st116 4th50

2nd94

3rd
72

Mumbai 4th62

3rd76

1st104

2nd
90

Chennai 3rd78

2nd88

4th68

1st 98

Calcutta

2nd
84

1st86

3rd82

4th
80

340

300

348

340

From table above, we can see that the difference in points for 1st and 4th ranked in Mumbai is 104 62 = 42.

Hence option 2.
Question No. : 46
If we add the number of votes scored by all the participants in the four cities and decide the winner based on the total number
of votes, then the winner will be
AKiran

BLaxman

CMahesh

DNaresh

Explanation:
From the available information, the following can be inferred that

Kiran

Laxman

Mahesh

Naresh

Delhi

1st

2nd

72

Mumbai

4th

1st

Chennai

3rd

4th

Calcutta

2nd 84

3rd

80

348

In Calcutta, the 2nd ranked person has 84 votes and since, the 3rd ranked person is Mahesh, the rank of Naresh should therefore,
be 4th and hence, Laxmans rank in Calcutta is 1st.
So, Laxmans ranks in the four cities Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai are 4th, 3rd and 2nd respectively.
Similarly, Nareshs ranks in these four cities are 3rd, 2nd and 1st respectively.
In Calcutta, the common difference of the A.P. is 2 and so, the votes received by Kiran, Laxman, Mahesh and Naresh in the same
order are 84, 86, 82 and 80 respectively.
So, the total number of voters in each city is 332.

Kiran

Laxman

Mahesh

Naresh

Total

Delhi

1st

4th

2nd

3rd 72

332

Mumbai

4th

3rd

1st

2nd

332

Chennai

3rd

2nd

4th

1st

332

Calcutta

2nd 84

1st86

3rd82

4th 80

332

For Delhi, if the 4th ranker scores a, then the 3rd, 2nd and 1st score a + d, a + 2d and a + 3d respectively.
We have, a + d = 72 and 4a + 6d = 332.
Solving these two equations, we get a = 50, d = 22.
For Chennai, using the same logic as above, [a + a + 2d] / 2 = 78, 2a + 3d =166 i.e. a + d = 78.
Solving these two equations, we get a = 68, d = 10.
For Mumbai, since the total of all 4 cities for Mahesh is 348, the number of votes cornered by him here is 104 and so, for Mumbai,
a = 62 and d = 14.
So, the table looks like

Kiran

Laxman Mahesh Naresh

Delhi

1st116 4th50

2nd94

3rd
72

Mumbai 4th62

3rd76

1st104

2nd
90

Chennai 3rd78

2nd88

4th68

1st 98

Calcutta 2nd
84

1st86

3rd82

4th
80

300

348

340

340

Question No. : 47
The difference in the number of votes received by rank 1 person in Delhi and the number of votes Naresh got in Chennai is
A10

B14

C22

D18

Explanation:
From the available information, the following can be inferred that

Kiran

Laxman

Mahesh

Naresh

Delhi

1st

2nd

72

Mumbai

4th

1st

Chennai

3rd

4th

Calcutta

2nd 84

3rd

80

348

In Calcutta, the 2nd ranked person has 84 votes and since, the 3rd ranked person is Mahesh, the rank of Naresh should therefore,
be 4th and hence, Laxmans rank in Calcutta is 1st.
So, Laxmans ranks in the four cities Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai are 4th, 3rd and 2nd respectively.
Similarly, Nareshs ranks in these four cities are 3rd, 2nd and 1st respectively.
In Calcutta, the common difference of the A.P. is 2 and so, the votes received by Kiran, Laxman, Mahesh and Naresh in the same
order are 84, 86, 82 and 80 respectively.
So, the total number of voters in each city is 332.

Kiran

Laxman

Mahesh

Naresh

Total

Delhi

1st

4th

2nd

3rd 72

332

Mumbai

4th

3rd

1st

2nd

332

Chennai

3rd

2nd

4th

1st

332

Calcutta

2nd 84

1st86

3rd82

4th 80

332

For Delhi, if the 4th ranker scores a, then the 3rd, 2nd and 1st score a + d, a + 2d and a + 3d respectively.
We have, a + d = 72 and 4a + 6d = 332.
Solving these two equations, we get a = 50, d = 22.
For Chennai, using the same logic as above, [a + a + 2d] / 2 = 78, 2a + 3d =166 i.e. a + d = 78.
Solving these two equations, we get a = 68, d = 10.
For Mumbai, since the total of all 4 cities for Mahesh is 348, the number of votes cornered by him here is 104 and so, for Mumbai,
a = 62 and d = 14.
So, the table looks like

Kiran

Laxman Mahesh Naresh

Delhi

1st116 4th50

2nd94

3rd
72

Mumbai 4th62

3rd76

1st104 2nd
90

Chennai 3rd78

2nd88

4th68

1st 98

Calcutta

2nd
84

1st86

3rd82

4th
80

340

300

348

340

DIRECTIONS for the question: Go through the graph and the information given below and answer the question that follows.
Question No. : 48
S = { a, b, c, d, e}. A binary operation * is defined by the following table, which has been partially filled up.

e a b c d

e e a b c d
a a

b b

d d

For all x, y belonging to S, x * y = y * x. the operation * is so defined that every x beloging to S occurs exactly once in each row
and each column of the table.
if a * b = e and a * a = d, what is the value of c*d?
Aa

Bb

Cc

De

Explanation:
As a * a = d and a*b = e, we can fill up the table as follows
*

e a b c

e e a b c

a a d e b c
b b e c
c

d a

b d a e

d d c

a e b

Fill row a with a, d, e, b, c and the rest of the table is determined. Now, we see that c * d = e.
Question No. : 49
if a * a = b and b * b = c, what is the value of c * d?
Aa

Bb

Cc

Explanation:
*

e a b c

e e a b c

a a b d e c

De

b b d c
c

a e

e a d b

d d c

e b a

If we try to fill up the table after setting a * a = b, and b * b = c, we cannot take a * b = e (well not be able to accommodate d in
the b column) a * b = d.
The rest of the table is determined. c * d = b
Question No. : 50
If a*b = d and c*d = b, then d*d =
Ac

Ba

Cd

Db

Explanation:
If a * a = d and c * d = b we get the table as

Hence d * d = a.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.

i. There is a group of 5 persons Chicku, Meenu, Raghu, Himesh and Ballu.


ii. They are working as a mechanic, truck driver, clerk, technician and an author.
iii. Meenu, an unmarried truck driver, is the daughter of Chicku.
iv. Ballu, a clerk, is the brother of Raghu.
v. Raghu is the husband in the only married couple present in the family.
vi. Chicku, an author, is the father of two sons.
vii. The daughterinlaw of Chicku is a mechanic.

Question No. : 51
Which of the following is a group of female members in the family?
AMeenu & Himesh

BChicku, Raghu & Ballu

CHimesh & Ballu

DMeenu & Ballu

Explanation:
Chicku (Male, Author) is the father of Ballu (Male, clerk), Raghu(Male, technician) and Meenu (Female, Truck driver). His son Raghu
is married to Himesh (female, mechanic). As seen there are two females i.e. Meenu and Himesh.
Question No. : 52
Which of the following is the married couple?
AChicku & Meenu
Explanation:

BChicku & Himesh

CRaghu & Himesh

DMeenu & Himesh

Chicku (Male, Author) is the father of Ballu (Male, clerk), Raghu(Male, technician) and Meenu (Female, Truck driver). His son Raghu
is married to Himesh (female, mechanic). As explained above Raghu and Himesh are a married couple.
DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.
Question No. : 53
Two players X and Y are playing a game of coins. Any player can pick 2, 3, 4, 5 or six coins in his turn. The player who picks the
last coin always wins. If per chance their remains one coin for a person before his turn, then the game ends in a draw. While
answering every question you will assume that each person is rational, intelligent and will always try to win the game.
If there are 70 coins in all and X starts the game, what should he pick in order to ensure a win always? in numerical value
A6

Explanation:
The logical, which is applicable in these kinds of questions is to make a multiple of (min + max) before opponents turn and you
will always win. As in this case the last pick is the winner. Here the greatest multiple of (min + max) is 64. Hence X will pick 6
coins.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.

Two players X and Y are playing a game of coins. Any player can pick 2, 3, 4, 5 or six coins in his turn. The player who picks the
last coin always wins. If per chance their remains one coin for a person before his turn, then the game ends in a draw. While
answering every question you will assume that each person is rational, intelligent and will always try to win the game.

Question No. : 54
If Y starts the game and there are 32 coins, then what should he pick in order to ensure win, irrespective of whatever strategy X
applies?
A4

B6

C3

DHe can never win

Explanation:
The logical, which is applicable in these kinds of questions is to make a multiple of (min + max) before opponents turn and you
will always win. As 32 is already a multiple of (min + max), so he can never win the game.
DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.
Question No. : 55
Two players X and Y are playing a game of coins. Any player can pick 2, 3, 4, 5 or six coins in his turn. The player who picks the
last coin always wins. If per chance their remains one coin for a person before his turn, then the game ends in a draw. While
answering every question you will assume that each person is rational, intelligent and will always try to win the game.
If there are 30 coins and its Xs turn, how many different possible number of coins he can pick so that he does not lose the
game? in numerical value

A2

Explanation:
The logical, which is applicable in these kinds of questions is to make a multiple of (min + max) before opponents turn and you
will always win. So he can pick 6 to win and 5 to draw the game. Hence two such numbers are there.
DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.
Question No. : 56
Representatives from India visit the ASEAN summit every year. There is some information provided about the summits held
from 2001 to 2006.

Amit, Bhushan, Chanakya, Deepak, Eesha and Farooq were the representatives from India who visited the summits in different
countries in different years.
The Summits were held in Myanmar, Indonesia, Laos, Singapore, Cambodia and Thailand.
All of the representatives went by flight, two of them went by Air Deccan, two by Indigo and the other two by Jet Air or
Kingfisher.

A. Eesha went to myanmar but neither went by Air deccan nor by Kingfisher.
B. Amit travels only by Air Deccan but didn't go in the year 2003 or 2005.
C. Neither Farooq nor Bhushan went to Cambodia or Laos.
D. ASEAN summit of 2004 was held in Singapore
E. Representatives who attended the ASEAN summit in Indonasia and Cambodia went by Air Deccan and Jet Air respectively.
F. Chanakya went to Thailand in 2002 by Kingfisher and Farooq did not attend the summit in 2004.

Who went to Indonesia? write the ans key


1. Amit 2. Bhushan 3. Chanakya 4. Farooq
A4

Explanation:
Possible arrangements would be

Name of
representative

Place

Year

Flight name

Amit

Laos

2001/2006

Air Deccan

Bhushan

Singapore

2004

Indigo

Chanakya

Thailand

2002

Kingfisher

Deepak

Cambodia

2001/2003/2005/2006

Jet air

Eesha

Myanmar

2001/2003/2005/2006

Indigo

Farooq

Indonesia

2001/2003/2005/2006

Air Deccan

From the table we can see, Farooq went to Indonesia

Question No. : 57
Representatives from India visit the ASEAN summit every year. There is some information provided about the summits held
from 2001 to 2006.

Amit, Bhushan, Chanakya, Deepak, Eesha and Farooq were the representatives from India who visited the summits in different
countries in different years.
The Summits were held in Myanmar, Indonesia, Laos, Singapore, Cambodia and Thailand.
All of the representatives went by flight, two of them went by Air Deccan, two by Indigo and the other two by Jet Air or
Kingfisher.

A. Eesha went to Myanmar but neither went by Air Deccan nor by Kingfisher.
B. Amit travels only by Air Deccan but didn't go in the year 2003 or 2005.
C. Neither Farooq nor Bhushan went to Cambodia or Laos.

D. ASEAN summit of 2004 was held in Singapore


E. Representatives who attended the ASEAN summit in Indonesia and Cambodia went by Air Deccan and Jet Air respectively.
F. Chanakya went to Thailand in 2002 by Kingfisher and Farooq did not attend the summit in 2004.

Which city did Amit visit? write the ans key


1. Singapore 2. Cambodia 3. Indonesia 4. Laos
A4

Explanation:
Possible arrangements would be

Name of
representative

Place

Year

Flight name

Amit

Laos

2001/2006

Air Deccan

Bhushan

Singapore

2004

Indigo

Chanakya

Thailand

2002

Kingfisher

Deepak

Cambodia

2001/2003/2005/2006

Jet air

Eesha

Myanmar

2001/2003/2005/2006

Indigo

Farooq

Indonesia

2001/2003/2005/2006

Air Deccan

Amit went to Laos Option 4.

Question No. : 58
Representatives from India visit the ASEAN summit every year. There is some information provided about the summits held
from 2001 to 2006.

Amit, Bhushan, Chanakya, Deepak, Eesha and Farooq were the representatives from India who visited the summits in different
countries in different years.
The Summits were held in Myanmar, Indonesia, Laos, Singapore, Cambodia and Thailand.
All of the representatives went by flight, two of them went by Air Deccan, two by Indigo and the other two by Jet Air or
Kingfisher.

A. Eesha went to Myanmar but neither went by Air Deccan nor by Kingfisher.
B. Amit travels only by Air Deccan but didn't go in the year 2003 or 2005.
C. Neither Farooq nor Bhushan went to Cambodia or Laos.
D. ASEAN summit of 2004 was held in Singapore
E. Representatives who attended the ASEAN summit in Indonesia and Cambodia went by Air Deccan and Jet Air respectively.
F. Chanakya went to Thailand in 2002 by Kingfisher and Farooq did not attend the summit in 2004.

If Eesha was the Indian representative in 2006, in which year was Amit the representative? in numerical value
A2001

Explanation:
Possible arrangements would be

Name of
representative

Place

Year

Flight name

Amit

Laos

2001/2006

Air Deccan

Bhushan

Singapore

2004

Indigo

Chanakya

Thailand

2002

Kingfisher

Deepak

Cambodia

2001/2003/2005/2006

Jet air

Eesha

Myanmar

2001/2003/2005/2006

Indigo

Farooq

Indonesia

2001/2003/2005/2006

Air Deccan

If Eesha visited in 2006, then we will have only one option for Amit i.e. 2001
Question No. : 59
Representatives from India visit the ASEAN summit every year. There is some information provided about the summits held
from 2001 to 2006.

Amit, Bhushan, Chanakya, Deepak, Eesha and Farooq were the representatives from India who visited the summits in different
countries in different years.
The Summits were held in Myanmar, Indonesia, Laos, Singapore, Cambodia and Thailand.
All of the representatives went by flight, two of them went by Air Deccan, two by Indigo and the other two by Jet Air or
Kingfisher.

A. Eesha went to myanmar but neither went by Air deccan nor by Kingfisher.
B. Amit travels only by Air Deccan but didn't go in the year 2003 or 2005.
C. Neither Farooq nor Bhushan went to Cambodia or Laos.
D. ASEAN summit of 2004 was held in Singapore
E. Representatives who attended the ASEAN summit in Indonasia and Cambodia went by Air Deccan and Jet Air respectively.
F. Chanakya went to Thailand in 2002 by Kingfisher and Farooq did not attend the summit in 2004.

Singapore was visited by

AAmit

BBhushan

CChanakya

DDeepak

Explanation:
Possible arrangements would be

Name of
representative

Place

Year

Flight name

Amit

Laos

2001/2006

Air Deccan

Bhushan

Singapore

2004

Indigo

Chanakya

Thailand

2002

Kingfisher

Deepak

Cambodia

2001/2003/2005/2006

Jet air

Eesha

Myanmar

2001/2003/2005/2006

Indigo

Farooq

Indonesia

2001/2003/2005/2006

Air Deccan

Singapore was visited by Bhushan.so option (2)

DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.
Question No. : 60
Nilima has just completed a course in Interior Design and is getting ready for Placement Week in her institute. In order to
ensure some sort of uniformity during Placement Week, the institute has specified that girls must wear a skirt, stockings, a
blouse and shoes. The girls can choose to wear either a blue or a brown skirt, a white, grey or blue blouse, red, blue, black or
brown stockings and black or brown shoes. To avoid eyesores, the institute has specified that red or brown stockings cannot
be worn with a blue skirt and grey and black cannot be worn with brown.

Which of the following items can Nilima not wear to an interview if she plans on wearing black shoes?
Ared stockings

Ba white blouse

Cblue stockings

Da blue blouse

Explanation:
If Nilima plans to wear black shoes, then she cannot wear brown skirt and hence should wear a blue skirt. Further, to avoid eye
sores, red stockings cannot be worn with blue skirt. So Nilima cannot wear red stockings to the interview.
Question No. : 61
Nilima has just completed a course in Interior Design and is getting ready for Placement Week in her institute. In order to
ensure some sort of uniformity during Placement Week, the institute has specified that girls must wear a skirt, stockings, a
blouse and shoes. The girls can choose to wear either a blue or a brown skirt, a white, grey or blue blouse, red, blue, black or
brown stockings and black or brown shoes. To avoid eyesores, the institute has specified that red or brown stockings cannot
be worn with a blue skirt and grey and black cannot be worn with brown.

Which of the following items can Nilima wear or not wear to an interview if she plans on wearing a brown skirt and a white
blouse?
Anot wear blue stockings

Bnot wear brown shoes

Cnot wear black shoes

Dwear blue stockings

Explanation:
Since grey and black cannot be worn with brown, Nilima cannot wear black shoes to the interview.
Question No. : 62
Nilima has just completed a course in Interior Design and is getting ready for Placement Week in her institute. In order to
ensure some sort of uniformity during Placement Week, the institute has specified that girls must wear a skirt, stockings, a
blouse and shoes. The girls can choose to wear either a blue or a brown skirt, a white, grey or blue blouse, red, blue, black or
brown stockings and black or brown shoes. To avoid eyesores, the institute has specified that red or brown stockings cannot
be worn with a blue skirt and grey and black cannot be worn with brown.

In preparation for her interview, how many different combinations of dress code can Nilima choose from? in numerical value
A14

Explanation:
If Nilima wears Brown skirt, she can wear Red, Brown or blue stockings, white or blue blouse and only brown shoes. In this case the
total combinations are 1 3 2 1 = 6.

Now if Nilima wears the blue skirt along with black shoes with any of the three blouses and with only either the blue or the black
stockings.
So, she has 1 1 3 2 = 6 different combinations to choose from where she wears the blue skirt with black shoes.

Now if Nilima wears the blue skirt along with brown shoes with only blue stockings (red, brown and black not possible, due to both
the conditions) and either with white or blue blouse (grey cannot happen due to condition).

So, she has 1 1 1 2 = 2 different combinations to choose from where she wears the blue skirt with brown shoes.

So a total of 6 + 6 + 2 = 14 combinations to choose from.


Question No. : 63
Nilima has just completed a course in Interior Design and is getting ready for Placement Week in her institute. In order to
ensure some sort of uniformity during Placement Week, the institute has specified that girls must wear a skirt, stockings, a
blouse and shoes. The girls can choose to wear either a blue or a brown skirt, a white, grey or blue blouse, red, blue, black or
brown stockings and black or brown shoes. To avoid eyesores, the institute has specified that red or brown stockings cannot
be worn with a blue skirt and grey and black cannot be worn with brown.


If Nilima gets permission to wear a grey scarf to an interview, which of the following items can she wear or not wear to the
interview?
Anot wear blue stockings

Bnot wear brown stockings

Cwear black stockings

Dnot wear black shoes

Explanation:
Since grey cannot be combined with brown, Nilima cannot wear brown stockings to the interview.
DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.
Question No. : 64
Rakesh placed 52 trump cards under the table, His son Akshit being very naughty in behavior shuffled the cards, Initially the
topmost card is picked and is put back into the trump cards so as to occupy the 27thplace from the bottom, After this the
lower most card is drawn out and inserted back into the deck so as to occupy the 26thplace from the top. Once this set of
operations is done, one round of shuffling is said to be complete

The top card will be at what position after 17th shuffling?


A42nd from the top

B10th from the bottom

C42nd from the bottom

D10th from the top

Explanation:

After the first round of shuffling the top most card will become the 27th card from the top and the bottom most card will become
the 26th card from the top, i.e., both the top most and the bottom most card would have reached the exact middle of the deck, with
their mutual order interchanged. Next round of shuffling will push these two cards apart and the 2nd card from top (initially) will
now be in the centre of the pile. This way the pack will be completely reversed in 26 rounds of shuffling. Hence after 17 rounds of
shuffling top most card will reach the 10th position from the bottom. Hence the option B
Question No. : 65
Rakesh placed 52 trump cards under the table, His son Akshit being very naughty in behavior shuffled the cards, Initially the
topmost card is picked and is put back into the trump cards so as to occupy the 27thplace from the bottom, After this the
lower most card is drawn out and inserted back into the deck so as to occupy the 26thplace from the top. Once this set of
operations is done, one round of shuffling is said to be complete.

After how many shufflings will third card from the top come back to its original position?
A26

B29

C52

D55

Explanation:
If is clear now that to change the full order of the deck, it takes 26 rounds of shuffling. i.e., after another 26 rounds of shuffling the
deck, will regain its initial order and the card which was third from top will again be at the same position. Hence, 26 + 26 = 52
rounds. Hence the option C

Question No. : 66
Rakesh placed 52 trump cards under the table, His son Akshit being very naughty in behavior shuffled the cards, Initially the
topmost card is picked and is put back into the trump cards so as to occupy the 27thplace from the bottom, After this the
lower most card is drawn out and inserted back into the deck so as to occupy the 26thplace from the top. Once this set of
operations is done, one round of shuffling is said to be complete.

What can we say about the positions of trump cards after first 26 shuffling ?
A

The card that was initially at the top of the deck will be immediately next to the card that was initially at the bottom of the
deck.
BThe top 26 cards will become the bottom 26 cards, in the same order.
CThe bottom 26 cards will become the top 26 cards, in the reverse order. DNone of the above
Explanation:
After 26 rounds of shuffling the top card will reach the position of the first card from bottom and first bottom card will become the
top card,. i.e., whole order of deck will get exactly reversed i.e., The initial bottom 26 cards become the top 26 cards, but their order
is exactly reversed. Hence the option C

Section : Quantitative Ability


DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 67
N represents a series in which all the terms are consecutive integers and the sum of all the terms of N is 100. If the number of
terms of N is greater than one, find the difference between the maximum and the minimum possible number of terms. in
numerical value
A195

Explanation:
The minimum number of terms is 5 viz. 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22 that add up to 100.
The maximum number of terms is 200 and the terms are 99, 98, 97, 98, 99, and 100.
The sum is 99 + ( 98) + ( 97) + + 98 + 99 + 100 = 100.
Difference = 200 5 = 195.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Mark the correct option


Question No. : 68
If a1 = 2, a2 = 3 and an + 2 + an = 2an + 1 + 1, for every positive integer n, then a51 equals
A1,277

B1,275

C1,127

D1,126

Explanation:
a3 + a1 = 2a2 + 1 i.e. a3 = 2a2 a1 + 1 and
a4 + a2 = 2a3 + 1 i.e. a4 = 2a3 a2 + 1

= 2[2a2 a1 + 1] a2 + 1 = 3a2 2a1 + (1 + 2).


a5 = 2a4 a3 + 1 = 2[3a2 2a1 + (1 + 2)]
[2a2 a1 + 1] + 1 = 4a2 3a1 + (1 + 2 + 3). ..
an = (n 1)a2 (n 2)a1 + [1 + 2 + 3 + +
(n 2)].
So, a51 = 50a2 49a1 + [1 + 2 + 3 + + 49]
= 50(3) 49(2) + 49 (50) / 2.
= 150 98 + 1,225 = 1,277.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Mark the best option


Question No. : 69
In ABC, AB < AC < BC. CA is extended beyond A and a point P is selected on this extension, such that AP = AB. On CP, a point
R is selected such that CR = CB. If RP is equal to the diameter of the biggest circle that can be drawn in ABC and all angles are

integers, which of the following statements is definitely true?

Explanation:
The extra information given in the problem seems to be of no use. We already know that AB < AC < BC and so C < B < A.
Come what may, the maximum value that B can take is 890, where A = 900 and C = 10. So, option 1 is always true,
irrespective of the given data.
DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 70
If gy = gy 1 + gy + 1, where g15 = 7 and g20 = 2g21, then g21 = in numerical value
A7

Explanation:
g(20) =g(19) + g(21)
2g(21) = g(19) + g(21)
g(19) = g(21) = z (say)
g(20) = 2z
g(18) = g(19) g(20) = z
Similarly, the value of g(17), g(16), g(15) and g(14) are 2z, z, z and 2z respectively.
g(14) = g(20)
g(15) = g(21) and so on.
Hence the values repeat for every six terms
g(15) = g(21) = 7
DIRECTIONS for the question : Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 71
If [log101] + [log102] + [log103] + [log104] + + [log10n] = n, where [x] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to x,
then write the ans key
1. 96 n < 104 2. 104 n < 107 3. 107 n < 111 4. 111 n < 116
A3

Explanation:
From [log101] to [log109], everything is zero.
From [log1010] to [log1099], all of them are = 1.

So, there are 90 1s. [log10100] = 2.


Let the number of three digit numbers after 100 be x. Then, 90 + 2 + 2x = 100 + x i.e. 92 + 2x = 100 + x i.e. x = 8.
For n = 108. As that is covered in the values given in the 3rd option, hence that is the answer.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Mark the best option


Question No. : 72
A fish Nemo is known to eat its eggs before they hatch. At one time the Nemo fish lays 32 eggs. Each of these eggs after
becoming Nemos lay 32 eggs and so on. However, only 12.5 % are able to survive because mother fish eats them up and
afterwards she dies. If the number of Nemo fishes after 6 such processes are 12,288, then how many fishes were there at the
beginning?
A3

B4

C12

D16

Explanation:
Now, one fish lays 32 eggs, of which 4 survive and each of them lays 32 eggs each i.e. a total of 128, of which 16 survive.
Since, the mothers fishes themselves die, after 6 such processes, the number of survivors are
46 = 4096. For 1 fish, it is 4096 and so, 12,288 is for 3 fishes.
DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 73
The average marks scored by two groups X and Y of students are 70 and 75 respectively. Four students are moved from group
Y to group X, thereby interchanging the average marks of the two groups. Find the total number of students in two groups put
together, if the average marks scored by the four students who moved are 85. in numerical value
A20

Explanation:
Let the number of students in section A be x and section B be y.
Total marks scored by the students will be 70x and 75y.
75y 4 85 = 70(y 4)
75y 340 = 70y 280
5y = 60 y = 12
Similarly 70x + 340 = 75(x + 4)
5x = 40 x = 8
Thus the total number of students = 12 + 8 = 20
DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 74
A train is going from Leningrad to Moscow and makes 5 stops on the way. 3 persons enter the train after it has started from
Leningrad with 3 different tickets. How many different sets of tickets they may have had? in numerical value
A455

Explanation:
Since, the persons board the train after Leningrad, there are
5 choices viz. from S1 to S2, S3, S4, S5 or Moscow,
4 choices for S2 to S3, S4, S5 or Moscow,
3 choices for S3 to S4, S5 or Moscow,
2 choices for S4 to S5 or Moscow and
1 for S5 to Moscow.

There are in all, 15 choices, and out of them we have to choose any three which can be done in 15C3 ways= 15 14 13 / (3 2)
= 5 7 13 = 455

DIRECTIONS for the question: Mark the best option


Question No. : 75
Three friends X, Y and Z have to complete an assignment. Initially, X and Y start working on it. X types at the rate of 4 pages/hr
and Y at the rate of 2 pages/hr. When 50 % of the work was done, Z joins in. When the assignment was completed, 80 % of the
work was done by X and Z. Find the ratio of work done by X and Z to that by Y when only 80 % of the assignment was
completed?
A3 : 2

B7 : 3

C23 : 7

D47 : 13

Explanation:
Let the assignment be worth 300 pages. The first 150 pages are typed by X and Y of which 100 pages are typed by X and 50 pages
were typed by Y. Finally, 240 pages were typed by X and Z together .i.e. 60 pages were typed by Y(he typed 10 pages with Z) and
so, 120 pages were typed by X(20 pages with Z), which means 120 pages were typed by Z. The ratio of the rates at which X, Y and
Z are working is 20 : 10 : 120 i.e. 2 : 1 : 12. So, for the remaining 90 pages, ( after the completion of first 50% ) the number of
pages typed by X, Y and Z are 12, 6 and 72 respectively. This means Y typed 56 and X and Z together typed 184. Ratio is 184 : 56
i.e. 23 : 7. Option 3.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Mark the best option


Question No. : 76
In the figure shown below, ABC is a triangle, where E is a point on BC such that BE : EC = 6 : 5 and D is a point on AE, such that
AD : DE = 2 : 3. If, BD when produced meets AC in F, such that AF = 8cm, find the length of AC.

A24

B28

C30

D35

Explanation:

DIRECTIONS for the question: Mark the best option


Question No. : 77

A220 210 + 1

B220 1

C220 210 1

D220 + 210 + 1

Explanation:

So we get 4th option as answer.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Mark the best option


Question No. : 78
In ABC, D is the midpoint of AB, P is any point on AC such that CQ || PD. If the area of ABC is unity, then area of APQ is

A0.75 sq. units

B0.5 sq. units

C0.25 sq. units

D0.6 sq. units

Explanation:

Since, D is the midpoint of AB, Area ( BDC) = Area (ADC) = , since they are the triangles with congruent bases and equal
heights. Now, Area ( ADC) = Area ( ADP) + Area ( DPC) = . But, Area ( DPC) = Area ( DQP) [Triangles between parallel
lines and with same bases] So, Area ( APQ) = Area ( ADP) + Area ( DQP) = Area ( ADP) + Area ( DPC) = . Option 2.
DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 79
The sequence 3, 15, 24, 48, contains numbers that are multiples of 3 and one less than a perfectsquare. Find the remainder
when the 1,994th term of the series is divided by 1,000. in numerical value
A63

Explanation:
All the terms present here are of the type 22 1, 42 1, 52 1, 72 1, 82 1,, n2 1,, where n is neither 1 nor a multiple of 3.
So, the 1,994th term will be 3/2 (1,994) + 1= 2,991 + 1 = 2,9922 1= (3,000 8)2 1 = 3,0002 48,000 + 64 1 = 90,48,063,

which when divided by 1,000 leaves a remainder of 63.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Mark the best option


Question No. : 80
If n is a natural number and n! = nn 1n 23.2.1, find the remainder when n n! is divided by n2 2n n > 2
A0

Cn2 2n 1

Bn

Dn 12

Explanation:
n(n!) = 1 1! + 2 2! + 3 3! + + n n!
= (2 1)1! + (3 1)2! + (4 1)3! +.....+ (n + 1 1) n!
= 2! 1! + 3! 2! + 4! 3! +.....+ (n + 1)! n! = (n + 1)! 1

= (n + 1)! 1 = (n + 1)(n)(n 1)(n 2) 3.2.1 1.

Now, (n + 1)(n)(n 1)(n 2) 3.2.1 is perfectly divisible by n(n 2) [since, n2 2n = n(n 2)].
So, the remainder when n(n!) is divided by n2 2n is n2 2n 1.
Hence, option 3.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Mark the best option


Question No. : 81

A3.5 x < 4.5

B4.5 x < 5.5

C6 x < 7

D7 x < 8

Explanation:
The above numbers show a cyclic relation.
Lets work with numbers and that too, consecutive.
A good choice will be 4 consecutive numbers but with bigger values, since higher the values of the four numbers and the closer
they are, lesser is the value of the expression.
A good choice will be a = 997, b = 998, c = 999 and d = 1000.

For these values, the value of the expression is

= 0.99 + 0.99 + 0.99 + 1.003 (rounded off to the second


decimal) = 4.

Take any other values of a, b, c and d, in fact higher the values, closer the number to 4. Therefore, the minimum value is 4.
DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 82
in numerical value

A8

Explanation:

is an integer for n, only when n = 1, 2, 5 The sum of these numbers are 1 + 2 + 5 = 8.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Mark the best option


Question No. : 83

Explanation:

DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 84
Two six digit numbers a and b a > b are such that the difference between the two numbers is 111,111. The number of possible
sets of such numbers is [ a set a, b is the same as b, a] write the ans key
1. 96 2. 106 9 3. 96 1 4. None of these
A4

Explanation:
The minimum 6 digit number is 10,00,00 and the number which forms a set with this number is 21,11,11.
The maximum element is 99,99,99 and the number which should be clubbed with this number is 88,88,88.
So, there are 78,88,88 + 1 such sets i.e. 78,88,89. As it is not given in any of the option, the answer is none of these.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Mark the best option


Question No. : 85
A doctor is called to see a sick child. The doctor has prior information that 90% of sick children in that neighborhood have the
flu, while the other 10% are sick with measles. A wellknown symptom of measles is a rash the event of having which we
denote R. PR|M = .95. However, occasionally children with flu also develop rash, so that PR|F = 0.08. Upon examining the
child, the doctor finds a rash. What is the probability rounded off to the nearest tenth that the child has measles?
A0.5

B0.6

Explanation:

C0.7

D0.8

DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 86
Marx, Max, Meryll and Minerva won a certain number of points in a shooting competition. Minerva secured half the number of
points won by other three. Meryll won onethird the numbers of points accumulated by the other three, while Marx got two
fifth the number of points won by th other three. If each of them won a distinct number of points, find the ratio of the number
of points secured by Max to the total number of points won by all four.
A11 : 84

B17 : 42

C1 : 12

DCannot be determined uniquely

Explanation:
Let the points scored by Marx, Max, Merrill and Minerva be a, b, c and d and let the total points be T.
From the given information,

so required ratio is 11 : 84
DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.
Question No. : 87
A 300 room hotel can rent all its rooms at Rs. 150 per room per day. For every one rupee increase in tariff, the occupancy falls
by 2 rooms. Normal maintenance, independent of occupancy is Rs. 120 per room per day. Occupancy entails additional costs of
Rs. 16 per room per day on the units occupied.
The optimal tariff in Rupees to maximize annual profits is in numerical value
A158

Explanation:
The given question can be answered from the Choices.
When the tariff is Rs. 150.

The revenue

150 300 = Rs. 45000

The normal maintenance expenditure =

300 120 = Rs. 36000

Additional expenditure = 300 16 = Rs. 4800


Total expenditure =

Rs. 40800

Profit = 45000 40800 = Rs. 4200


When the tariff is Rs. 162, occupancy = 300 2 12 = 276
Revenue = 162 276 = Rs. 44712
Total expenditure = 36,000 + 276(16) = Rs. 40416
Profit = 44712 40416 = Rs. 4296
When the tariff is Rs. 158, occupancy
= 300 2 8 = 284
Revenue = 158 284 = Rs. 44872
Total expenditure = 36,000 + 284 16 = Rs. 40544
Profit = 44872 40544 = Rs. 4328

When the tariff is Rs. 160, occupancy


= 300 2 10 = 280
Revenue = 160 280 = Rs. 44800
Total expenditure = 36000 + 280 16 = Rs. 40480
Profit = 44800 40480 = Rs. 4320
Optimum tariff is Rs. 158.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.
A 300 room hotel can rent all its rooms at Rs. 150 per room per day. For every one rupee increase in tariff, the occupancy falls by 2
rooms. Normal maintenance, independent of occupancy is Rs. 120 per room per day. Occupancy entails additional costs of Rs. 16
per room per day on the units occupied.
Question No. : 88
Now, suppose that rooms of the hotel can be permanently shut down in blocks of 5, if desired, resulting in saving of normal
maintenance of Rs. 120 per room per day. The optimal tariff in Rupees to maximize annual profits in this case would be:
A158

B160

C162

D156

Explanation:
Trying from the choices, we have the following :
When the tariff is Rs. 158
Revenue = 158 284 = Rs. 44872
Expenditure = 285 120 + 284 16 = Rs. 38744
(As 16 rooms are unoccupied, in the blocks of 5, 15 can be shutdown)
Hence profit = 44872 38744 = Rs. 6128
When the tariff is Rs. 160
Revenue = 160 280 = Rs. 44800
Expenditure = 280 120 + 280 16 = Rs. 38080
(All the 20 rooms can be shut down)
Hence profit = Rs. 6720
When the tariff is Rs. 162
Revenue = 162 276 = Rs. 44712
Expenditure = 280 120 + 276 16 = Rs. 38016
(20 rooms, can be shut down in the blocks of 5)
Profit = 44712 38016 = Rs. 6696.
When the tariff is Rs. 156
Revenue = 156 288 = Rs. 44928
Expenditure = 290 120 + 288 16 = Rs. 39408
(10 rooms in the blocks of 5 can be shut down)
Hence profit = Rs. 5520
Optimum tariff is Rs. 160.
DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 89
Let px = x2 5x + a and qx = x2 3x + b, where a and b are positive integers. Suppose hcf px, qx = x 1 and k x = lcm
px, qx. If the coefficient of the highest degree term of kx is 1, the sum of the roots of x 1 + kx is in numerical value
A7

Explanation:
Since (x 1) is factor p(x) & q(x)
other roots of p(x) & q(x) is 4 and 2
lcm = (x1) (x 4) (x 2)
(x 1) + k(x) = (x 1) [1 + (x4) (x2)]

= (x1) [1 + x2 6x + 8]
= (x 1) (x2 6x + 9)
Sum of roots = 1 + 6 = 7

DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 90
The house on one side of a road are numbered using consecutive even numbers. The sum of the numbers of all the houses in
that row is 170. If there are at least 6 houses in that row and a is the number of the sixth, then
A2 a 6

B8 a 12

C14 a 20

D22 a 30

Explanation:
n (k + n 1)=170
So number of house is factor of 170 and as per given conditions n can be 10, 17, 34, 85
As for n = 17, 34, 85 k will be ve .
a = k + 10 =18.
Hence option 3 is the answer.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 91
Let x, y, z be three nonnegative integers such that x + y + z = 10. The maximum possible value of xzy + xy + yz + zx is
A52

B64

C69

D73

Explanation:
Max value of sum of Product of two or more factors whose sum is constant will be when every factors will be equal to AM and x, y,
z are nonNegative integer therefore it can be 3,3, 4. So, required answer = 3 3 4 + 3 4 + 3 4 + 3 3 = 69
Option (c) is answer.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 92
9 positive numbers are arranged around a circle. Each number is one more than the greatest common divisors of its two
neighbours. The minimum sum of these numbers is write the ans key
1. 20 2. 25 3. 30 4. None of these
A4

Explanation:
The nine numbers will be 3, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2. We can observe that the second number 2 is one more than the HCF of 3 and 2
i.e.1, and similarly, the fourth number 3 is one more than the HCF of 2 & 2.
These nine numbers when arranged in a circle will satisfy the given conditions and so, the sum of these 9 numbers will be 21. As
that is not given in any of the options, the answer is none of these.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 93
Ankhush and Bimal started simultaneously from the same point and drove in opposite directions on a circular track of length
2520 m. initially Ankhushs speed was 48 m/s and Bimals speed was 78m/s. Each time they met, they interchanged their speeds
as well as the direction in which they traveled. Further, it is known that they met for the 46th time at 9:00pm

When did they meet for the 400th time? write the ans key
1. 2:18 am 2. 11:38 pm 3. 10:58 pm 4. 10:38 pm
A3

Explanation:

The speeds are given (Ankhush, A = 48 m/s and Bimal, B = 78 m/s. Actually, A, B keep interchanging the speeds)
The time interval between two A and B meet, each time they cover the total distance i.e., together they must cover the entire
length of the track once to meet each other.
Let them meet for the first time after t second
In time t, A covers 48t and B covers 78t (in m)
Now, 48t + 78t = 2520 => t = 2520/126 = 20
So, when they meet for the first time at X, A covers 48(20) = 960 m and B covers 78(20) = 1560 m.
Next, A travels at 78 m/s in the clockwise direction and B travels at 48 m/s in the anticlockwise direction. To meet again, they need
to together cover the total length of the track. So, after 20s, they meet at Y, A having covered 1560 m and B covering 960 m i.e., Y
is 960 m from X in the anticlockwise direction. They meet each time they cover the entire length of the track, i.e., after every 20
seconds.
Between their 46th meeting and 400th meeting the time gap is (400 46) (20) seconds = 7080 seconds = 118 minutes.
Thus, they will meet for the 400th time 118 minutes from 9pm i.e., at 10:58 pm
DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 94
Ankhush and Bimal started simultaneously from the same point and drove in opposite directions on a circular track of length
2520 m. initially Ankhushs speed was 48 m/s and Bimals speed was 78m/s. Each time they met, they interchanged their speeds
as well as the direction in which they traveled. Further, it is known that they met for the 46th time at 9:00pm

Which meeting will be their first at the starting point? write the ans key
1. 48th 2. 26th 3. 21st 4. 25th
A3

Explanation:

The speeds are given (Ankhush, A = 48 m/s and Bimal, B = 78 m/s. Actually, A, B keep interchanging the speeds)
The time interval between two A and B meet, each time they cover the total distance i.e., together they must cover the entire
length of the track once to meet each other.
Let them meet for the first time after t second
In time t, A covers 48t and B covers 78t (in m)
Now, 48t + 78t = 2520 => t = 2520/126 = 20
So, when they meet for the first time at X, A covers 48(20) = 960 m and B covers 78(20) = 1560 m.

Thus, they meet every time at a distance of 960 m from the previous meeting point in anticlockwise direction. To meet at the
starting point 960 n = 2520K. Where n is the required meeting when they meet at the starting point for the first time and K is
the least natural number which satisfies the given condition.

So the minimum value of K = 8 (For n = 21).


So they meet for the first time at the starting point when they are meeting for the 21st time.

DIRECTION for the question: Answer the following question as per the best of your judgment.
Question No. : 95
From a point S outside a circle, two tangents SP and SQ are drawn as shown in the figure given below. It is also given that RP=
RQ, where point R lies on the given circle, PQ= 4 cm and the measure of PRQ is 300. Find distance between in center of PSQ
and R.

B8

Explanation:

C12

DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 96
A merchant has 1000kg of sugar. He sells a part of which at 8% profit and the rest at 18% profit. He gains 14% on the whole.
The quantity sold at 18% profit is : ans in kg
A600

Explanation:
The profit at one part is 8% and on second part it is 18%. The overall profit is 14%. Using allegation, we have

DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 97

A man had a 10gallon keg of wine and a jug. One day, he drew off a jugful of wine and filled up the keg with water. Later on,
when the wine and water had got thoroughly mixed, he drew off another jugful and again filled up the keg with water. The keg
then contained equal quantities of wine and water. What was the approximate capacity of the jug? ans in gallons, nearest
integer
A3

Explanation:
Let x be the size of the jug.
After the man drew off his first jugful of wine, the keg contained 10 x gallons of wine.
When he filled up the keg with water, the proportion of wine was reduced to (10 x)/10.
The man's second jugful contained x(10 x)/10 gallons of wine, so the keg's wine content was reduced to 10 x x(10 x)/10
gallons of wine.
Since the keg now contains equal quantities of wine and water, 10 x x(10 x)/10 = 5.
Now just solve for x.
10 x x(10 x)/10 =5
100 10x (10x x2)=50
x2 20x + 50 = 0
x = 10 50
Of these two values , 10 + 50 is greater than 10, so it can't be the capacity of the jug in this story. So x = 10 50, which is
about 2.93 gallons.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 98

Aab + cd < ef

Explanation:

DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 99
Manish, Ninad, Sarang and Aniket are playing a game using a fair die and start with an initial amount of 1000 each. A round is
made up of each of the players rolling the die once and the person throwing a 6 is declared the winner. No two players throw
the same number in a round and the winner collects 10% of the amounts with the other three. Any player who runs out of
money is out of the game. Manish throws a 6 in the first and the fourth rounds, Ninad throws a 6 in the second and the fifth
games, Sarang throws a 6 in the third and the seventh rounds and Aniket throws a 6 in the sixth and the eighth rounds. For
which of the following players is the difference between amounts after the fourth round is maximum?
AManish and Ninand

BNinad and Aniket

CManish and Aniket

DNinad and Sarang

Explanation:
In each round, 10% is deducted from three values and these deducted values are added to the 4th value.
It is easy to calculate these values for 4 rounds and verify that the difference will be maximum for Manish and Aniket.
Alternate Solution: By the 4th round, Manish has won twice while Aniket has lost 4 times.
So the difference must be maximum for Manish and Aniket.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
Question No. : 100
If the amount is

A25%

times the sum after 3 years at compound interest compounded annually, then the rate of interest per annum is

B50%

Explanation:
If the amount becomes

times of the principal i.e means it becomes = 27 /8 times of P

Also Given that A = P ( 1 + r /100 ) t


r = rate % , t = 3years

27/8 P = P ( 1 + r /100 )3
27/8 = ( 1 + r /100 )3
3/2 = 1 + r/100
r = 50%