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Step 1: Materials

50 ml acetone (purchase at your local hardware store)

25 ml of 30% hydrogen peroxide (can be found at K-Mart, Safeway, a hair salon,


pharmacies, and many other places. I find the best concentration is sold as a hair
bleaching product)

5 ml muriatic acid (also known as hydrochloric acid, it can be found at most hardware
stores)

Step 2: Procedure

1. Pour the H2O2 (hydrogen peroxide) into a glass jar.


2. Add the acetone to the glass jar.
3. Slowly add the HCl (muriatic/hydrochloric acid) into the glass jar.
4. Keep in a refrigerator for one day. This is very important! If made above 10 degrees
celsius, the reaction will produce the "dimmer" of the two possible molecular variations.
This is much too dangerous for use! By lowering the temperature of the reaction below
10 degrees, you are creating the trimmer, a more stable form of acetone peroxide. See
here for more information.
5. Filter the liquid, then let dry.
Once dry, you should see fine, white crystals. Scrape carefully (VERY carefully! Acetone
peroxide can be ignited by touch!) into a container with a perforated lid, but do not store for
more than a week! Acetone peroxide has been known to spontaneously explode.

Final Product
The video below is the final result, which shows 0.5 grams of acetone peroxide detonated in a
metal container emerged in water. I used an electric ignition method, but a long fuse would work
just as well.

Tips

Use an incandecent light bulb to speed the drying process, but do not leave unattended!

Once dry, test your final product by lighting a tiny amount on a probe. The result should
be a large fireball: Be careful! Its unexpected.

Try and find the highest concentration of Hydrogen Peroxide possible. The higher the
concentration, the better the result!

Warnings

This is for demonstration purposes only: DO NOT TRY THIS AT HOME!

I am not responsible for any damage or harm you cause!

This is a high explosive! Explosives are dangerous and illegal in many countries

General warnings
Acetone Peroxides are very unstable chemicals. If handled at all, they should be treated with
great care and only synthesized in minute quantities. This refers to triacetone triperoxide
(TATP), sometimes refered to as tricycloacetone peroxide (TCAP). The reaction must be done
under 50 F (10 C) to yield triacetone triperoxide.
TATP is widely considered to be too unstable to synthesize safely in standard laboratory
facilities, though small quantities (under 1 gram) are occasionally synthesized for research
purposes, and for testing and calibration of detection equipment.
Chemicals
* 3% H2O2 Available almost anywhere as a 3% antiseptic solution in water called Hydrogen
Peroxide
or
Peroxide.
35% Hydrogen Peroxide solutions can be found in most hardware stores in wood bleaching kits.
This will produce much greater yields and is safer than boiling the 3% solution.
* 2-Propanone Available as paint-thinner, from hardware stores. Often in cans labeled simply
as
Acetone.
Both Home Depot and Wal-Mart carry pure Acetone in the paint section.
* H2SO4 Sulfuric acid available in motorcycle battery KITS. These can be found at wal mart
And almost any auto parts store.
Laboratory Equipment
*
Glass
thermometer
*
Glass
eyedropper
*
Glass
beaker
* Safety equipment, minimally including heavy leather gloves, impact-resistant goggles, hearing
protection,
and
face
shield.
As with other reactions that pose the risk of explosion, synthesis should not be performed in an
enclosed area.
Preparation

Before beginning the synthesis procedure, you should put the H2O2 and 2-Propanone in a
refrigerator for several hours. This will speed up the procedure.
Once the several hours have passed, prepare an ice bath for the glass beaker. Pouring a small
amount of water around the beaker with plenty of ice seems to work well, as the cold water will
surround the beaker better than the ice alone.
If the quantity of 2-propanone in your posession is sufficient, it may be desirable to utilize it in a
more effective form of cold bath for the reaction. Instead of an ice bath, one may substitute a
container filled with 2-propanone, cooled by small amounts of CO2 in solid form (dry ice). This
mixture can be cooled to temperatures very well below the normal freezing point of water, thus
making it possible to more easily restrict the temperature of the reaction.The cooling is acheived
by placing the CO2 in small amounts at a time into the solution and allowing them to sublime,
thus cooling the 2-Propanone. However, be extremely careful with this cold bath! 2-Propanone is
very flammable and will irritate skin and eyes. Also, since the bath is cooled to well below
waters freezing point, touching the liquid could cause instant freeze burns and/or frostbite.
Never touch this solution with unprotected skin!
Procedure
For a safer synthesis, you may choose to skip the step of concentrating the H2O2 and use the
500mL 3% H2O2 as is in the actual reaction. It is highly recommended that amateurs not
attempt to concentrate 500mL 3% H2O2 below 150mL, as concentrated H2O2 can cause fire.
Put 500mL H2O2 in a glass beaker, and slowly boil it down to about 100-250mL. Warning:
Boiling H2O2 can cause explosion. Keep the temperature below 302 F (150 C) to prevent the
boiling of H2O2. Do not raise the temperature past 212 F (100 C). The goal is to lightly boil
away the water in the H2O2, leaving a purer form of H2O2. Once you have concentrated the
H2O2, take it off of the heat and allow it to cool.
Warning: H2O2 that is too concentrated is unstable. Do not allow the heated mixture to boil
away below 80mL, or one is risking an instant fire from the concentrated H2O2.
Warning: Concentrated H2O2 may not be poured onto the ground. Concentrated H2O2 will
cause fire when poured out, and allowed to sit for extended periods of time. If one has
concentrated H2O2 on hand, and does not want to proceed with the dicycloacetone peroxide
synthesis, then one may dump the concentrated H2O2 into a liter of water.
Put the H2O2 into the beaker in the ice bath, and add 60mL chilled 2-Propanone. Measure the
temperature of the liquids with a thermometer and wait for it to drop to around 40 F (4.4 C).
Using a glass eyedropper, slowly add 15mL H2SO4. Monitor the temperature closely while

adding the H2SO4, if the temperature gets around 50 F (10 C), quit adding the H2SO4.
Failure to quit adding the H2SO4 when the temperature rises may risk explosion. There will be a
slight temperature rise during the addition of H2SO4; this is why the adding of the H2SO4 must
be done slowly. If the H2SO4 is added too quickly, it will not have time to create the proper
peroxysulfuric acid; this may cause explosion.
When all of the H2SO4 has been added, stir the mixture for about 15 minutes. After 15 minutes,
place the reaction mixture into a refrigerator for about 24 hours. A white crystalline solid will
result. This crystalline mass can then be filtered out with filter paper. When the crystalline mass
has been filtered, pour 400mL of water over it to wash the acid residue away. Set the crystalline
mass out to dry. The crystalline mass is tricycloacetone peroxide. If you did the reaction above
50 F (10 C), you will have the much unpleasant dicycloacetone peroxide.
Warning: This final crystalline mass is very sensitive when dry, its friction sensitivity can be as
low as .1NM. Proper care must be taken with the final crystalline mass, as it is highly unstable.
For safety, separate the crystalline mass onto paper plates at 1 gram per plate; this will greatly
reduce the risk of explosion. If a problem were to occur, the one gram on one of the plates would
be less likely to hurt you.
Storing acetone peroxide is not recommended, because it quickly sublimes. But if it must be
stored, it is recommended that it is stored under water and in a container without a cap with
threads, as opening it could result in an explosion from crystalized acetone peroxide.
Unique Properties
TATP and DADP neither detonate nor deflagrate; they are rare entropy explosions. The effect is
from rapid dissociation of weak atomic bonds within the acetone peroxide molecules, not from a
chemical reaction as seen in all common explosives. Acetone peroxides require neither heat to
form nor do they release heat when they dissociate; the effect is similar to the solid-to-gas
reaction that deploys automobile air bags.
Each solid molecule of TATP dissociates directly into 4 gas-phase molecules. It is held together
by three weak O-O bonds in a ring formation with three H2C and three CH2 molecules.
Dissociation may be initiated by heat, pressure, or impact. The first dissociation creates enough
pressure to cause surrounding TATP molecules to dissociate. The heat created by friction may
initiate a reaction between atmospheric oxygen, the resultant ozone molecule, and the three
hydrocarbon molecules.

Like TATP, each solid molecule of DADP also dissociates directly into gas-phase molecules.
DADPs dissociation results in one O2 molecule and two of the same hydrocarbon molecules as
TATP. Since O2 is more stable than O3, DADP will dissociate more readily than TATP.
The pressure produced in just the dissociation of TATP molecules is about 80% greater than
pressures seen in the detonation of the same mass of TNT.
Like all knowledge, this is power; use responsibly, i.e. not at all.