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Lab 10 Report

Design of a BJT Shunt-Series Feedback


Amplifier
Kevin Bradshaw & Kai Qin
ECEN 326-502
Instructor: Sebastian Hoyos
Date Performed: April 14, 2016

Objectives
Understand the feedback of a BJT Shunt-Series Amplifier.
Design and analyze two common-emitter configurations meeting certain constraints.
Evaluate the DC operating point of the transistor amplifier with proper feedback.
Procedure
In this lab, the amplifier circuit designed from the pre-lab was constructed. The amplifier
was designed to fit the constraints shown in Figure 1:
Figure 1: BJT Amplifier Design Constraints

Using a chosen value for the emitter voltage of the first stage and a Q2N2222 BJT, this
circuit was designed by first finding the emitter voltage of the second stage and the
collector voltage of the first stage. By choosing collector current values that met the
supply constraint, both emitter resistances were then found. With these values, both
collector resistances could then be calculated. Lastly, the feedback resistor was found
and then the loop gain parameters were tested. Figure 2 shows the resulting circuit
designed and the actual values used in the circuit. These values were adjusted after
construction in order to get an optimum gain with no clipping in the voltage swing.

Figure 2: BJT Shunt-Series Amplifier


After the circuit was adjusted, the operating currents and voltages (including the
maximum unclipped output signal voltage amplitude) were measured and can be seen
in Table 1. Furthermore, the input resistance, output resistance, current supply, and gain
were measured and can be seen in Table 2. The overall gain of this circuit can be seen
in Figure 3. The maximum output voltage swing can be seen in Figure 4. Figure 5 and 6
show the second and third harmonic differences (in dB) from the first harmonic. Using
these differences, the total harmonic distortion was calculated and can also be seen in
Table 2.

Figure 3: Overall BJT Amplifier Gain Above 80

Figure 4: Maximum Output Voltage Swing of 8.08V

Figure 5: FFT Harmonic Distortion Difference: 1 to 2

Figure 6: FFT Harmonic Distortion Difference: 1 to 3

Data Tables
Table 1: Operating Bias Points
Q1

Q2

Collector Current (IC)

1.04 mA

4.03 mA

Collector Voltage (VC)

1.46 V

5.16 V

Base Voltage (VB)

0.7948 V

1.45 V

Emitter Voltage (VE)

0.165 V

0.805 V

Table 2: Measured Circuit Values


Parameter

Value

Supply Current

5.09 mA

Mid-band Gain

89

Input Resistance

610

Output Resistance

3.8 k

Maximum Unclipped Out Signal


Amplitude

Approximately 8.0 V

HD2

0.012

HD3

0.0109

THD

1.625 %

Discussion
The overall gain of input peak to peak voltage 80 mV was 7.2 V which meets the Av =
80 requirement. During the lab time, the max unclipped output signal peak to peak value
is a bit smaller than 8.0 V which meets the specs value of 7.0 V.
The only problem encountered was that the original circuit only had a gain of
approximately 50 but then the feedback resistance was increased by about 200 and
the gain increased tremendously.

Conclusion
The main lessons of this lab was to understand the feedback connection in an amplifier.
From this lab we have a better understanding of the how feedback can negatively or
positively affect the gain of the circuit. In this case, the gain was tremendously higher
than any other past lab. Lastly, this configuration shows the proper connection of
feedback with DC coupled transistors.