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Lab 9 Report

Frequency Response of a Cascode BJT

Kevin Bradshaw & Kai Qin
ECEN 326-502
Instructor: Sebastian Hoyos
Date Performed: April 7, 2016

Understand the frequency response of a Cascode BJT Amplifier.
Design and analyze a common-emitter and common-base configuration
meeting certain constraints.
Evaluate the DC operating point of a cascode transistor amplifier and a
transistor current source

In this lab, the BJT circuit designed from the pre-lab was constructed. The amplifier was
designed to fit the constraints shown in Figure 1:
Figure 1: BJT Amplifier Design Constraints

Using a chosen value for the emitter voltage of the first stage and a Q2N2222 BJT, this
circuit was designed with by finding the minimum and maximum values of the collector
resistance. Choosing a collector resistance between these range of values, the collector
current could easily be found by using the common topology formulas. Then, the rest of
the resistances of this stage of the circuit were calculated using these currents. The
other emitter voltages were found with the voltages from the first stage. Lastly, the
resistor ratio for each base impedance was calculated with these voltages. Figure 2
shows the resulting circuit designed and the actual values used in the circuit. These
values were adjusted after construction in order to get an optimum gain with no clipping
in the voltage swing.

Figure 2: Cascode BJT Amplifier

After the circuit was adjusted, the operating currents and voltages (including the
maximum unclipped output signal voltage amplitude) were measured and can be seen
in Table 1. Furthermore, the input resistance, output resistance, current supply, and gain
were measured and can also be seen in Table 2. The overall gain of this circuit can be
seen in Figure 3. The maximum output voltage swing can be seen in Figure 4. Figure 5
and 6 show the 3-dB frequencies achieved.

Figure 3: Overall BJT Amplifier Gain of 50 at mid-band f=10kHz

Figure 4: Maximum Output Voltage Swing of 1.5V

Figure 5: Higher 3-dB frequencies of 20kHz

Figure 6: Lower 3-dB frequencies of 770Hz

Data Tables
Table 1: Operating Bias Points


Collector Current (IC)

4.159 mA

4.159 mA

Collector Voltage (VC)

1.75 V


Base Voltage (VB)


2.42 V

Emitter Voltage (VE)

1.34 V

1.756 V

Table 2: Measured Circuit Values



Supply Current

5.03 mA

Mid-band Gain


Input Resistance

4 k

Output Resistance


Maximum Unclipped Out Signal


Approximately 1.5 V

The overall gain of input peak to peak voltage 20 mV was 1V which meets the Av = 50
requirement. During the lab time, the max unclipped output signal peak to peak value is
3 V which meets the specs value 3 V, when the input pk-pk is 188mV.
The problem we encountered was that the circuit built using the pre-lab parameters can
not meet the specs requirement of the pk-pk unclipped swing 3V. To solve this problem,
we connected pots to first and second stage for changing DC bias points.
The main lessons of this lab was to understand the frequency response of a BJT
Amplifier. From this lab we have a better understanding of the characteristics of a
Cascode BJT Amplifier, and we become more familiar with the procedures how to
design and analyze a common-emitter and common-base configuration meeting certain
constraints. When the pre-lab design can not meet given constraints, we inspected
output signals from every stage.