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# 1.

METHOD 1
using double-angle identity (seen anywhere)

A1

## e.g. sin 2x = 2sin x cos x, 2cos x = 2sin x cos x

evidence of valid attempt to solve equation

(M1)

## e.g. 0 = 2sin x cos x 2cos x, 2cos x (1 sin x) = 0

cos x = 0, sin x =1

A1A1

3
5
,x
,x
2
2
2

A1A1A1

N4
[7]

METHOD 2

A1A1M1A1
Notes: Award A1 for sketch of sin 2x, A1 for a sketch of 2 cos x,
M1 for at least one intersection point seen, and A1 for 3
approximately correct intersection points. Accept sketches
drawn outside [0, 3], even those with more than 3
intersections.

3 5
,x
,x
2
2
2

A1A1A1

N4
[7]

2.

(a)

(i)

100 (metres)

A1

N1

(ii)

50 (metres)

A1

N1

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(b)

(i)

subtraction

(M1)
A1

## e.g. 100 h(2), 100 9.5

h(8) = 90.5
(ii)

recognizing period

AG

N0

(M1)

## e.g. h(21) = h(1)

h(21) = 2.4

A1

N2

A1A1A1
Note: Award A1 for end points (0, 0) and (40, 0), A1 for range
0 h 100, A1 for approximately correct sinusoidal shape,
with two cycles

N3

(c)

(d)

(M1)

2
360
20, b
20
e.g. b
b

20 10

## (accept b =18 if working in degrees)

a = 50, c = 50

A1

N2

A2A1

N3

5
[14]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

3.

(a)

2

(M1)

## e.g. a + b 2ab cos C

correct substitution
2

A1

## e.g. 7 + 9 2(7)(9) cos 120

AC =13.9 (= 193 )
(b)

A1

N2

N2

N2

METHOD 1
evidence of choosing sine rule

(M1)

sin A sin B

AC
e.g. BC

correct substitution

A1

## sin A sin 120

13.9
e.g. 9
A 34.1

A1

METHOD 2
evidence of choosing cosine rule

(M1)

AB 2 AC 2 BC 2
cos A
2 AB AC
e.g.

correct substitution
cos A

e.g.

A1

7 2 13.9 2 9 2
2 7 13.9

A 34.1

A1

[6]

4.

(a)

METHOD 1
evidence of recognizing the amplitude is the radius

(M1)

## e.g. amplitude is half the diameter

8
2

a=4

IB Questionbank Maths SL

A1
AG

N0

METHOD 2
evidence of recognizing the maximum height

(M1)

e.g. h = 6, a sin bt + 2 = 6
correct reasoning

(b)

A1

a=4

AG

N0

N0

N0

N3

METHOD 1
period = 30

(A1)

2
30

A1

15

AG

METHOD 2
correct equation

(A1)

30b = 2

(c)

15

## recognizing h(t) = 0.5 (seen anywhere)

attempting to solve

A1
AG
R1
(M1)

## e.g. sketch of h, finding h

correct work involving h

A2

4

cos
t
15
15

## e.g. sketch of h showing intersection, 0.5 =

t = 10.6, t = 19.4

IB Questionbank Maths SL

A1A1

(d)

METHOD 1
valid reasoning for their conclusion (seen anywhere)

R1

## e.g. h(t) < 0 so underwater; h(t) > 0 so not underwater

evidence of substituting into h
e.g. h(19.4),

4 sin

(M1)

19.4
2
15

correct calculation

A1

## e.g. h(19.4) = 1.19

correct statement

A1

N0

N0

## e.g. the bucket is underwater, yes

METHOD 2
valid reasoning for their conclusion (seen anywhere)

R1

## e.g. h(t) < 0 so underwater; h(t) > 0 so not underwater

evidence of valid approach

(M1)

correct roots

A1

## e.g. 17.5, 27.5

correct statement

A1

## e.g. the bucket is underwater, yes

[14]

5.

(a)

A1A1A1
Note: Award A1 for labelling 4 with horizontal, A1 for
labelling [AU] 25 metres, A1 for drawing [TU].

IB Questionbank Maths SL

N3

(b)

TU = 86

(A1)

## evidence of choosing cosine rule

(M1)

correct substitution
2

A1

x = 42.4

A1

N3

4
[7]

6.

(a)

## evidence of finding height, h

(A1)

h
e.g. sin = 2 , 2 sin
evidence of finding base of triangle, b

(A1)

b
e.g. cos = 2 , 2 cos
attempt to substitute valid values into a formula for the area
of the window

(M1)

## e.g. two triangles plus rectangle, trapezium area formula

correct expression (must be in terms of )

A1

1
1

## 2 2 cos 2 sin 2 2 sin , 2 sin 2 2 4 cos

2

e.g. 2
attempt to replace 2sin cos by sin 2

M1

## e.g. 4 sin + 2(2 sin cos )

(b)

y = 4 sin + 2 sin 2

AG

correct equation

A1

N0

N3

## e.g. y = 5, 4 sin + 2 sin 2 = 5

evidence of attempt to solve

(M1)

## e.g. a sketch, 4 sin + 2 sin 5 = 0

= 0.856 (49.0), = 1.25 (71.4)

IB Questionbank Maths SL

A1A1

(c)

(M1)

(M1)

2 sin 2
2
2 , draw square

e.g. 4 sin
A=4

(A1)

(M1)

A = 5.19615

(A1)

## 4 < A < 5.20 (accept 4 < A < 5.19)

A2

N5

7
[16]

7.

(a)

(b)

3
3
do not accept x
4
4
tan =

(i)

(ii)

A1

3
4
sin = 5 , cos = 5
correct substitution
3 4

e.g. sin 2 = 2 5 5
24
sin 2 = 25

(A1)(A1)
A1

A1

correct substitution

N3

A1
2

3 4
,
e.g. cos 2 = 1 2 5 5

7
cos 2 = 25

N1

A1

N1
[7]

8.

(a)

cos
2

= 1

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(A1)
A1

N2

(b)

(c)

2
(g f) 2 = g(1) (= 2(1) 1)
=1
2

(A1)
A1
2

2

## evidence of 2 cos 1 = cos 2 (seen anywhere)

(g f)(x) = cos 4x
k=4

N2

A1
(M1)
A1

N2
[7]

9.

(a)

(i)

sin x = 0
x = 0, x =

(ii)

sin x = 1
3
x= 2

(b)

3
2

(c)

## evidence of using anti-differentiation

A1
A1A1

N2

A1
A1

N1

A1

N1

(M1)

3
2
0

(6 6 sin x)dx
e.g.
correct integral 6x 6 cos x (seen anywhere)
correct substitution
3
3
6
6cos
(6 cos 0),
2
2

e.g.
9 0 + 6
k = 9 + 6

2
0

A1A1
(A1)

A1A1

N3

(d)

translation of

A1A1

N2

(e)

recognizing that the area under g is the same as the shaded region in f (M1)

p= 2 ,p=0
A1A1

N3
[17]

10.

(a)

(i)

## evidence of finding the amplitude

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(M1)
8

73
e.g. 2 , amplitude = 5
p = 5
(ii)

period = 8

q = 0.785

(b)

N2

(A1)

(iii)

A1

2

8
4

73
r= 2
r=2

k = 3 (accept y = 3)

A1

N2

(A1)
A1

N2

A1

N1
[7]

11.

(a)

(b)

(c)

correct substitution
2
2
e.g. 25 + 16 40cos x, 5 + 4 2 4 5 cosx
AC = 41 40 cos x
correct substitution
AC
4
1

, AC
e.g. sin x sin 30 2
= 4 sin x
4 sin x

accept

sin 30
AC = 8 sin x
(i)

AG
A1

A1

## evidence of appropriate approach using AC

e.g. 8 sin x = 41 40 cos x , sketch showing intersection
correct solution 8.682..., 111.317...
obtuse value 111.317...
x = 111.32 to 2 dp (do not accept the radian answer 1.94)

(ii)

A1

## substituting value of x into either expression for AC

e.g. AC = 8 sin 111.32
AC = 7.45

IB Questionbank Maths SL

N1
M1

(A1)
(A1)
A1

N2

(M1)
A1

N2

(d)

(i)

## evidence of choosing cosine rule

a2 c2 b2
2ac
e.g. cos B =
correct substitution
4 2 4 2 7.45 2
2
2 4 4
e.g.
, 7.45 = 32 32 cos y, cos y = 0.734...
y = 137

(ii)

## correct substitution into area formula

1
e.g. 2 4 4 sin 137, 8 sin 137
area = 5.42

(M1)

A1

A1

N2

(A1)

A1

N2
[14]

12.

(a)

(b)

appropriate approach
e.g. 6 = 8
C
AO
= 0.75

(M1)

## evidence of substitution into formula for area of triangle

1
e.g. area = 2 8 8 sin(0.75)
area = 21.8

(M1)

## evidence of substitution into formula for area of sector

1
e.g. area = 2 64 0.75
area of sector = 24

(M1)

## evidence of substituting areas

1 2
1
r ab sin C
2
e.g. 2
, area of sector area of triangle

(M1)

(c)

A1

## attempt to set up an equation for area of sector

1
2
e.g. 45 = 2 8
E
CO
= 1.40625 (1.41 to 3 sf)

IB Questionbank Maths SL

N2

(A1)

(A1)

A1

N4

(M1)

A1

N2

10

(d)

METHOD 1
attempting to find angle EOF
e.g. 0.75 1.41
F
EO
= 0.985 (seen anywhere)

(M1)

## evidence of choosing cosine rule

correct substitution

(M1)
A1

2
2
e.g. EF = 8 8 2 8 8 cos 0.985
EF = 7.57 cm

A1

A1

N3

METHOD 2
attempting to find angles that are needed
e.g. angle EOF and angle OEF

F
EO
= 0.9853... and OEF (or OFE) = 1.078...

(M1)

## evidence of choosing sine rule

correct substitution
EF
8

## e.g. sin0.985 sin 1.08

EF = 7.57 cm

(M1)
(A1)

A1

A1

N3

METHOD 3
attempting to find angle EOF
e.g. 0.75 1.41
F
EO
= 0.985 (seen anywhere)

(M1)

## evidence of using half of triangle EOF

0.985
e.g. x = 8 sin 2

(M1)

A1

correct calculation
e.g. x = 3.78

A1

EF = 7.57 cm

A1

N3
[15]

13.

(a)

correct substitution in l = r
1
,
e.g. 10 3 6 2 10

20 10

3
arc length = 6

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(A1)

A1

N2

11

(b)

1
100
10 2

3
6
area of large sector = 2

(A1)

1 2 64
8

3
6
area of small sector = 2

(A1)

## evidence of valid approach (seen anywhere)

1
(10 2 8 2 )
e.g. subtracting areas of two sectors, 2 3

accept

36

, etc.
6

M1

A1

N3
[6]

14.

(a)

(b)

## attempt to substitute 1 2 sin for cos 2

correct substitution
2
e.g. 4 (1 2 sin ) + 5 sin
2
4 cos 2 + 5 sin = 2 sin + 5 sin + 3

(M1)
A1

## evidence of appropriate approach to solve

(M1)

correct working

AG

N0

A1

5 1
4
e.g. (2 sin + 3)(sin + 1), (2x + 3)(x + 1) = 0, sin x =

3
do not penalise for including sin
2
correct solution sin = 1
3
= 2

(A1)
A2

N3
[7]

15.

(a)

(i)

correct approach
5 1
OC OA,
2 0
e.g.
4

AC

IB Questionbank Maths SL

A1

AG

N0

12

(ii)

(iii)

(b)

(i)

appropriate approach
4 1

e.g. D B, 1 5 , move 3 to the right and 6 down
3

BD
6

(M1)

A1

## finding the scalar product

e.g. 4(3) + 2(6), 12 12

A1

valid reasoning
e.g. 4(3) + 2(6) = 0, scalar product is zero

R1

AC is perpendicular to BD

AG

5
1
4
2
, u ; v , v

2
0
2
1

e.g. u =

N2

N0
A1A1

N2

5
4
t

2
2

(ii)

(c)

## any correct equation in the form r = a + tb, where b = BD

1
3 x 4
1
t
,
t

5
6 y 1
2

e.g. r =

A2

N2

METHOD 1
substitute (3, k) into equation for (AC) or (BD)
e.g. 3 = 1 + 4s, 3 = 1 + 3t

(M1)

value of t or s
1 1
2 1
, , t ,
3 3,
e.g. s = 2 2

A1

substituting

A1

1
(2)
e.g. k = 0 + 2
,
k=1

AG

IB Questionbank Maths SL

N0

13

METHOD 2
setting up two equations
(M1)
e.g. 1 + 4s = 4 + 3t, 2s = 1 6t; setting vector equations of lines equal

(d)

value of t or s
1 1
2 1
, , t ,
3 3
e.g. s = 2 2

A1

substituting
4 1 3

e.g. r = 1 3 6 ,
k=1

A1

AG

PD

(A1)

PD 2 2 12 ( 5 )

(A1)

AC 4 2 2 2 ( 20 )

1
AC PD
area = 2

N0

(A1)

20 5
2

=5

M1
A1

N4
[17]

16.

(a)

## correct substitution into the formula for the area of a triangle

1
1
e.g. 2 5 13.6 sin C = 20, 2 5 h = 20
attempt to solve

A1

(M1)

8
e.g. sin C = 0.5882... , sin C = 13.6
B
AC

(b)

## evidence of choosing the cosine rule

correct substitution
2
2
2
e.g. (AB) = 5 + 13.6 2(5)(13.6)cos143.968...
AB = 17.9

(A1)
A1

N3

(M1)
A1
A1

N2
[7]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

14

17.

(a)

(b)

valid approach
e.g. 15 mins is half way, top of the wheel, d + 1
height = 101 (metres)
evidence of identifying rotation angle after 6 minutes
2 1
,
e.g. 5 5 of a rotation, 72
evidence of appropriate approach
e.g. drawing a right triangle and using cosine ratio

(c)

(M1)
A1

N2

A1

(M1)

2
x

A1

## evidence of appropriate method

e.g. height = radius + 1 15.45...

M1

## height 35.5 (metres) (accept 35.6)

A1

N2

METHOD 1

2
evidence of substituting into b = period

(M1)

correct substitution

2
e.g. period = 30 minutes, b = 30

b = 0.209 15
substituting into h(t)
e.g. h(0) = 1, h(15) = 101

A1
A1

N2

(M1)

correct substitution

c
1 = 50 sin 15 + 51

A1

c = 7.5

A1

N2

METHOD 2
evidence of setting up a system of equations
two correct equations
e.g. 1 = 50 sin b(0 c) + 51, 101 = 50 sin b(15 c) + 51
attempt to solve simultaneously
e.g. evidence of combining two equations

b = 0.209 15 , c = 7.5

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(M1)
A1A1
(M1)

A1A1 N2N2

15

(d)

## evidence of solving h(t) = 96

e.g. equation, graph
t = 12.8 (minutes)

(M1)
A2

N3
[16]

18.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(i)

x = 3 cos

(ii)

y = 3 sin

finding area

A1
A1

A1

1
e.g. A = 4 3 sin 3 cos , 8 2 3 cos 3 sin
A = 18(2 sin cos )
A = 18 sin 2

A1
AG

(ii)

dA
d = 36 cos 2
for setting derivative equal to 0
dA
e.g. 36 cos 2 = 0, d = 0

2 = 2

= 4

IB Questionbank Maths SL

N1

(M1)

1
e.g. A = 2x 2y, A = 8 2 bh
substituting

(i)

N1

N0

A2

N2

(M1)

(A1)
A1

N2

16

(iii)

## valid reason (seen anywhere)

d2 A
, 2 0
e.g. at 4 d
; maximum when f(x) < 0

R1

d2 A
finding second derivative d

evidence of substituting 4

= 72 sin 2

2 ,72 sin ,72
4
2
e.g. 72 sin

## = 4 produces the maximum area

A1
M1

AG

N0
[13]

19.

(a)

(i)

evidence of approach
e.g. PQ PO OQ, Q P

(M1)

PQ 2
1

(ii)

2

PR 2
4

IB Questionbank Maths SL

A1

A1

N2

N1

17

(b)

METHOD 1
choosing correct vectors PQ and PR

(A1)(A1)

PQ PR , PQ , PR
finding
PQ PR = 2 + 4 + 4 (= 6)

(A1) (A1)(A1)

PQ ( 1) 2 2 2 12 ( 6 ), PR 2 2 2 2 4 2 ( 24)

## substituting into formula for angle between two vectors

6
cos RPQ
6 24
e.g.
1
simplifying to expression clearly leading to 2
6
6
6
,
,
e.g. 6 2 6 144 12

1
cos RPQ
2

M1

A1

AG

N0

METHOD 2
evidence of choosing cosine rule (seen anywhere)
3

QR 0
3

QR 18 , PQ 6 and PR 24
2

( 6 ) ( 24 ) ( 18 )
cos RPQ
2 6 24
cos RPQ

(i)

A1
(A1)(A1)(A1)

6 24 18 12

24
24

A1
A1

1
cos RPQ
2
(c)

(M1)

AG

N0

METHOD 1
evidence of appropriate approach
2
2

## e.g. using sin RPQ cos RPQ 1 , diagram

(M1)

substituting correctly

(A1)
2

1
sin RPQ 1
2
e.g.
3
3
sin RPQ

4
2

A1

N3

METHOD 2
IB Questionbank Maths SL

18

1
, P 60
2
since
evidence of approach
e.g. drawing a right triangle, finding the missing side
3
sin P
2
cos P

(ii)

## evidence of appropriate approach

1
e.g. attempt to substitute into 2 ab sin C
correct substitution
1
3
6 24
2
e.g. area = 2
area = 3 3

(A1)
(A1)
A1

N3

(M1)

A1
A1

N2
[16]

20.

2x
e ( 3 sin x + cos x) = 0
2x
e = 0 not possible (seen anywhere)
simplifying

## 3 sin x cos x 0, 3 sin x cos x,

e.g.

(A1)
(A1)

sin x
1

cos x
3

A1

EITHER

tan x =
5
x= 6

1
3

A1
A2

N4

OR
sketch of 30, 60, 90 triangle with sides 1, 2,
5
work leading to x = 6
5
verifying 6 satisfies equation

A1
A1
A1

N4
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

19

21.

(a)

METHOD 1
choosing cosine rule
substituting correctly

(M1)
A1

## 3.9 2 3.9 2 2(3.9)(3.9) cos 1.8

e.g. AB =
AB = 6.11(cm)

A1

N2

METHOD 2
evidence of approach involving right-angled triangles
substituting correctly
x 1
,
e.g. sin 0.9 = 3.9 2 AB = 3.9 sin 0.9
AB = 6.11 (cm)

(M1)
A1

A1

N2

METHOD 3
choosing the sine rule
substituting correctly
sin 0.670... sin 1.8

3.9
AB
e.g.
AB = 6.11 (cm)
(b)

(M1)
A1

A1

N2

METHOD 1

## reflex AOB = 2 1.8 (= 4.4832)

1
2
correct substitution A = 2 (3.9) (4.4832...)
2

(A2)
A1
A1

N2

METHOD 2
2

## finding area of circle A = (3.9) (= 47.78...)

1
2
finding area of (minor) sector A = 2 (3.9) (1.8) (= 13.68...)
subtracting
2
2
e.g. (3.9) 0.5(3.9) (1.8), 47.8 13.7
2
area = 34.1 (cm )

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(A1)
(A1)
M1
A1

N2

20

METHOD 3

## finding reflex AOB = 2 1.8 (= 4.4832)

finding proportion of total area of circle
2 1. 8

(3.9) 2 ,
r 2
2

e.g.
area = 34.1 (cm)

(A2)
A1

A1

N2
[7]

22.

(a)

3x
g
1
2

## correct composition h(x) =

3x
1

1
h( x) 4 cos 2

(M1)
(A1)

1
1
3x 2
4 cos x 1, 4 cos
1
3
6
2

(b)

period is 4(12.6)

(c)

## range is 5 h(x) 3 ([5, 3])

A1

N3

A1

N1

A1A1

N2
[6]

23.

(a)

METHOD 1
evidence of choosing the cosine formula
correct substitution
2
2
2
B 7 7 13
cos AC
277
e.g.
B
AC

(M1)
A1

A1

N2

METHOD 2
evidence of appropriate approach involving right-angled triangles
correct substitution
6.5
1

sin ACB
7
2

e.g.
B
AC

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(M1)
A1

A1

N2

21

(b)

METHOD 1
D
AC
= 2.381 (180 136.4)
evidence of choosing the sine rule in triangle ACD
correct substitution
6.5
7

C
= 0.836... (= 47.9...)

= 1.54 (= 88.5)

(A1)
(M1)
A1

A1
A1

N3

METHOD 2

1
1

2
2

## evidence of choosing the sine rule in triangle ABD

correct substitution
6. 5
13

## e.g. sin 0.380... sin ADC

C
AB

C
= 0.836... (= 47.9...)

= 1.54 (= 88.5)

(A1)
(M1)
A1

A1
A1

N3

## Note: Two triangles are possible with the given information.

CA D = 0.076 (4.35), award marks as
per markscheme.
[8]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

22

24.

(a)

A1A1A1

N3

## Note: Award A1 for approximately sinusoidal shape,

A1 for end points approximately correct, (2, 4),
(2, 4) A1 for approximately correct position of graph,
(y-intercept (0, 4) maximum to right of y-axis).
(b)

(i)

(ii)

2 (6.28)

A1

N1

(iii)

0.927

A1

N1

A1A1A1

N3

(c)

(d)

## evidence of correct approach

e.g. max/min, sketch of f(x) indicating roots

one 3 s.f. value which rounds to one of 5.6, 2.5, 0.64, 3.8
(e)

k = 5, k = 5

IB Questionbank Maths SL

A1

N1

(M1)

A1

N2

A1A1

N2

23

(f)

METHOD 1
graphical approach (but must involve derivative functions)
e.g.

each curve
x = 0.511

M1

A1A1
A2

N2

A1
A1
M1
A2

N2

METHOD 2

1
g(x) = x 1
f(x) = 3 cos x 4 sin x (5 cos(x + 0.927))
evidence of attempt to solve g(x) = f(x)
x = 0.511

[18]

25.

## evidence of substituting for cos2x

2
2
evidence of substituting into sin x + cos x = 1
correct equation in terms of cos x (seen anywhere)
2

(M1)
(M1)
A1

## e.g. 2cos x 1 3 cos x 3 = 1, 2 cos x 3 cos x 5 = 0

evidence of appropriate approach to solve
appropriate working

(M1)
A1

3 49
4
e.g. (2 cos x 5)(cos x + 1) = 0, (2x 5)(x + 1), cos x =

## correct solutions to the equation

5
5
e.g. cos x = 2 , cos x = 1, x = 2 , x = 1
x=

(A1)
A1

N4
[7]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

24

26.

(a)

## choosing sine rule

correct substitution
4

## e.g. sin0.8 sin 0.3

(b)

(M1)
A1

A1

N2

METHOD 1
finding angle OAD = 1.1 = (2.04) (seen anywhere)

(A1)

## choosing cosine rule

correct substitution
2
2
2
e.g. OD = 9.71 + 4 2 9.71 4 cos( 1.1)

(M1)
A1

OD = 12.1 (cm)

A1

N3

METHOD 2
finding angle OAD = 1.1 = (2.04) (seen anywhere)

(A1)

## choosing sine rule

correct substitution

(M1)
A1

OD
9.71
4

OD = 12.1 (cm)
(c)

(d)

A1

## correct substitution into area of a sector formula

2
e.g. area = 0.5 4 0.8
2
area = 6.4 (cm )

(A1)

## substitution into area of triangle formula OAD

correct substitution
1
1
e.g. A = 2 4 12.1 sin 0.8, A = 2 4 9.71 sin 2.04,
1
A = 2 12.1 9.71 sin 0.3

(M1)
A1

## subtracting area of sector OABC from area of triangle OAD

e.g. area ABCD = 17.3067 6.4
2
area ABCD = 10.9 (cm )

(M1)

A1

A1

N3

N2

N2
[13]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

25

27.

(a)

A1A1A1

N3

## Note: Award A1 for f being of sinusoidal shape, with

2 maxima and one minimum,
A1 for g being a parabola opening down,
A1 for two intersection points in approximately
correct position.
(b)

(c)

(d)

(i)

(2,0) (accept x = 2)

A1

(ii)

period = 8

A2

N2

(iii)

amplitude = 5

A1

N1

(i)

## (2, 0), (8, 0) (accept x = 2, x = 8)

(ii)

x = 5 (must be an equation)

N1

A1A1 N1N1
A1

N1

METHOD 1
intersect when x = 2 and x = 6.79 (may be seen as limits of integration)A1A1
evidence of approach
e.g.

(M1)
6.79

g f , f ( x ) dx g ( x ) dx ,

area = 27.6

IB Questionbank Maths SL

( 0.5 x 2 5 x 8 5 cos x
4

A2

N3

26

METHOD 2
intersect when x = 2 and x = 6.79 (seen anywhere)
evidence of approach using a sketch of g and f, or g f.

area = 27.6

A1A1
(M1)

A2

N3
[15]

28.

(a)

(b)

(i)

sin 140 = p

A1

N1

(ii)

cos 70 = q

A1

N1

METHOD 1
2

e.g. diagram,
cos 140 =
cos 140 =

1 p 2

(M1)

(seen anywhere)

1 p 2

(A1)

1 p 2

A1

N2

METHOD 2
2

2

## cos 140 = 2 cos 70 1

2

(A1)
2

cos 140 = 2( q) 1 (= 2q 1)

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(M1)

A1

N2

27

(c)

METHOD 1

tan 140 =

sin 140
p

cos 140
1 p 2

A1

N1

A1

N1

METHOD 2

p
2

tan 140 = 2q 1

[6]

29.

(a)

period =

A1

N1

A1A1A1

N3

(b)
y
4
3
2
1
0
1
2
3
4

3
2

2 x

## Note: Award A1 for amplitude of 3, A1 for their

period, A1 for a sine curve passing through
(0, 0) and (0, 2).
(c)

(M1)

## e.g. line y = 2 on graph, discussion of number of solutions in

the domain
4 (solutions)

A1

N2
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

28

30.

(a)

## evidence of choosing the formula cos A = 2 cos A 1

Note: If they choose another correct formula, do
not award the M1 unless there is evidence
1
2
of finding sin A = 1 9 .
correct substitution
1

e.g. cos 2A = 3

cos 2 A

(b)

(M1)

A1

8
1
, cos 2 A 2
9
3

7
9

A1

N2

METHOD 1
2

## evidence of using sin B + cos B = 1

2

e.g. 3

cos 2 B 1,

cos B =

cos B =

5
9 (seen anywhere),

(A1)

A1

5
9

5
9

(M1)

N2

METHOD 2
diagram

M1

e.g.

## for finding third side equals

cos B =

5
3

(A1)
A1

N2
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

29

31.

(a)

(i)

## range of f is [1, 1], (1 f (x) 1)

(ii)

sin x = 1 sin x = 1

A1

R1

A2

e.g . x

(b)

(c)

## f (x) = 3 sin x cos x

using

b
a

y 2 dx

2
0

3 sin x

2
0

1
cos 2

N1

A2

N2

dx

(A1)

3 sin 2 x cos x dx

1
evidence of using sin 2
and sin 0 = 0
e.g.

A1

(M1)

V sin 3 x 02 sin 3 sin 3 0
2

N2

A1

A2
(A1)

(1 0)

V=

A1

N1
[14]

32.

(a)

## evidence of using area of a triangle

(M1)

1
A 2 2 sin
2
e.g.
A = 2 sin

IB Questionbank Maths SL

A1

N2

30

(b)

METHOD 1
A
PO
=

(A1)

1
2 2 sin
area OPA = 2

(= 2 sin ( ))

A1

R1

## then both triangles have the same area

AG

N0

METHOD 2

(c)

triangle OPA has the same height and the same base as triangle OPB

R3

## then both triangles have the same area

AG

1
2
2 2
2
area semi-circle =

A1

A1

(= 4 sin )

## S = area of semicircle area APB (= 2 4 sin )

M1

S = 2( 2 sin )

AG

IB Questionbank Maths SL

N0

N0

31

(d)

METHOD 1
attempt to differentiate

(M1)

dS
4 cos
e.g. d
setting derivative equal to 0

(M1)

correct equation

A1

## e.g. 4 cos = 0, cos = 0, 4 cos = 0

= 2

A1

N3

EITHER
evidence of using second derivative

(M1)

S() = 4 sin

A1

4
S 2

A1

0
it is a minimum because S 2

R1

N0

OR
evidence of using first derivative

(M1)

,
for < 2 S () < 0

A1

,
for > 2 S () > 0

A1

## it is a minimum since the derivative goes from negative

to positive

R1

N0

METHOD 2
2 4 sin is minimum when 4 sin is a maximum
4 sin is a maximum when sin = 1

= 2
(e)

## S is greatest when 4 sin is smallest (or equivalent)

= 0 (or )

R3
(A2)
A3

N3

(R1)
A1

N2
[18]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

32

33.

(a)

## choosing sine rule

(M1)

sin R sin 75

10
correct substitution 7

A1

sin R = 0.676148...
PRQ = 42.5
(b)

A1

N2

P = 180 75 R
P = 62.5

(A1)

## substitution into any correct formula

A1

1
7 10 sin
e.g. area PQR = 2
(their P)
2

= 31.0 (cm )

A1

N2
[6]

34.

(a)

## evidence of appropriate approach

e.g. 3 =

2
9

r =13.5 (cm)
(b)

A1

perimeter = 27+3 (cm)

(c)

M1

N1

(M1)
(= 36.4)

A1

N2

M1

1
2
13.5 2
9
e.g. 2
2

## area = 20.25 (cm ) (= 63.6)

A1

N1
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

33

35.

(a)
y
15

10

5
A1A1A1

N3

## Note: Award A1 for passing through (0, 0), A1

for correct shape, A1 for a range of
approximately 1 to 15.
(b)

## evidence of attempt to solve f (x) = 1

tan x
e.g. line on sketch, using

(M1)

sin x
cos x

x = 0.207 x = 0.772

A1A1

N3
[6]

36.

(a)

(b)

(i)

A1

N1

(ii)

A1

N1

(iii)

10

A1

N1

(i)

## evidence of appropriate approach

M1

e.g.

(ii)

18 2
2

A=8

AG

N0

C = 10

A2

N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL

34

(iii)

METHOD 1
period = 12

(A1)

(M1)

2
e.g. 12 = B
B

## 6 (accept 0.524 or 30)

A1

N3

METHOD 2
evidence of substituting

(M1)

e.g. 10 = 8 cos 3B + 10
simplifying

(A1)

3B
2
e.g. cos 3B = 0

(c)

A1

N3

A1A1

## e.g. t = 3.52, t = 10.5, between 03:31 and 10:29 (accept 10:30)

N2
[11]

37.

(a)

sin x
changing tan x into cos x
sin x
3
3 cos x
e.g. sin x + cos x
simplifying
2
2
3
3
e.g. sin x (sin x + cos x), sin x + sin x sin x
f(x) = sin x

IB Questionbank Maths SL

A1

A1
AG

N0

35

(b)

## recognizing f(2x) = sin 2x, seen anywhere

evidence of using double angle identity sin (2x) = 2 sin x cos x,
seen anywhere
2
evidence of using Pythagoras with sin x = 3
2

(A1)
(M1)
M1

## e.g. sketch of right triangle, sin x + cos x = 1

5
5

accept
3
3
cos x =
5
2

3
3
f(2x) = 2
4 5

9
f(2x) =

(A1)
A1
AG

N0
[7]

38.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(b)

attempt to substitute
29 15
2
e.g. a =
a = 7 (accept a = 7)

(M1)

period = 12
2
b = 12

b= 6

(A1)

attempt to substitute
29 15
2
e.g. d =
d = 22

(M1)

c = 3 (accept c = 9 from a = 7)
Note: Other correct values for c can be found,
c = 3 12k, k .

## stretch takes 3 to 1.5

translation maps (1.5, 29) to (4.5, 19) (so M is (4.5, 19))

IB Questionbank Maths SL

A1

N2

A1
AG

N0

A1

N2

A1

N1

(A1)
A1

N2

36

(c)

A1A2A1

N4

(A1)
(A1)
A1

N3

## Note: Award A1 for 3 , A2 for 4.5, A1 for 12.

Other correct values for c can be found
c = 4.5 6k, k .

(d)

10

translation
horizontal stretch of a scale factor of 2
completely correct description, in correct order
3

10

e.g. translation
then horizontal stretch of a scale factor of 2

[16]

39.

(a)

## finding ABC = 110 (= 1.92 radians)

evidence of choosing cosine rule

2
2
2
e.g. AC = AB + BC 2(AB)(BC) cos ABC
correct substitution
2
2
2
e.g. AC = 25 + 40 2(25)(40) cos 110
AC = 53.9 (km)

(b)

(A1)
(M1)
A1
A1

N3

METHOD 1
correct substitution into the sine rule
C sin 110
sin BA

40
53.9
e.g.
C
BA
= 44.2
bearing = 074

A1

A1
A1

N1

METHOD 2
correct substitution into the cosine rule
2
2
2
C 40 25 53.9
cos BA
2( 25)(53.9)
e.g.
C
BA
= 44.3
bearing = 074

A1

A1
A1

N1
[7]

40.

(a)

p = 30

IB Questionbank Maths SL

A2

N2

37

(b)

METHOD 1
2
Period = q

(M2)

= 2
q=4

(A1)
A1

N4

METHOD 2

1
Horizontal stretch of scale factor = q
1
scale factor = 4
q=4

(M2)
(A1)
A1

N4
[6]

41.

(a)

## Evidence of using Pythagoras

2
2
e.g. diagram, sin x + cos x = 1
Correct calculation
144
5, 1
169
e.g.

5
sin = 13
(b)

## Evidence of using formula for cos 2

2
e.g. cos 2 = 2 cos 1
Correct substitution/calculation
2
12
2 1
e.g. 13

sin ( + ) = sin =

(A1)

A1

119
cos 2 = 169

(c)

(M1)

5
13

N3

(M1)
A1

A1

N2

A1

N1
[7]

42.

(a)

(b)

Attempt to factorise
correct factors (2sin 1) (sin + 1) = 0
1
sin = 2 , sin = 1

(M1)
A1
A1A1

## other solutions are 150, 270

A1A1 N1N1

N2

[6]
IB Questionbank Maths SL

38

43.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

l = 33 + 5 = 38

(M1)
A1

N2

lmin = 33 5
= 28

(M1)
(M1)
A1

N3

720t = 90
90 1

t = 720 8

M1
A1
A1

## Evidence of dividing into 360

360 1

period = 720 2

N1

(M1)
A1

N2
[10]

44.

(a)

2
period = 2 =

(b)

m= 2

(c)

Using A =

2
0

sin 2 xdx

M1A1

N2

A2

N2

(M1)

2 cos 2 x
0
Integrating correctly, A =
1
1
cos ( cos 0)
2
Substituting, A = 2

1
1
( 1) ( (1))
2
Correct values, A = 2
A=1

A1

(M1)

1 1

2 2

A1A1
A1

N2
[10]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

39

45.

(a)

2
2
2
using the cosine rule a = b + c 2bc cos A
2

## substituting correctly BC = 65 + 104 2(65)(104)cos60

= 4225 + 10 816 6760 = 8281
BC = 91m

(b)

1
bc sin A
2
finding the area, using
1
substituting correctly, area = 2 (65)(104)sin60
= 1690 3 (accept p = 1690)

(c)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(i)

A1
A1

1

A2 = 2 (104)(x)sin30
= 26x
65x
stating A1 + A2 = A or substituting 4 + 26x = 1690 3
169 x
1690 3
simplifying 4

## Recognizing that supplementary angles have equal sines

IB Questionbank Maths SL

N2

(M1)
A1
A1

1

A1 = 2 (65)(x)sin30
65x
= 4

4 1690 3
169
x=
x = 40 3 (accept q = 40)

(d)

(M1)

N2

A1
AG

M1
A1

N0

N1

(M1)
A1
A1
A1

N2

R1

40

(ii)

## using sin rule in ADB and ACD

BD
65
BD
sin30

B
sin30

65
substituting correctly
DC
104
DC
sin30

C

BD DC
BD 65

65 104
DC 104
BD 5

DC 8

(M1)
A1
M1

A1
AG

N0
[18]

46.

(a)

## Evidence of using the cosine rule

(M1)

p2 r 2 q2
, q 2 p 2 r 2 2 pr
R

2
pr
P
Q
eg cos
=
cos PQR

Correct substitution

A1

42 62 52 2
, 5 4 2 6 2 2 4 6 cos Q
2

6
eg

27
0.5625
R
P
Q
cos
= 48
R
PQ

(b)

(A1)
A1

N2

1
pr

## Area = 2 sin PQR

1
4 6
For substituting correctly 2
sin 55.8
2

= 9.92 (cm )

A1
A1

N1
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

41

47.

Note:
(a)

finding .

A1

BC
, BC 3 2 2 2 5
AB
eg sin =
5
sin = 3

(b)

(c)

AG

(M1)

5 2

2
3 3

A1

4 5
= 9

AG

N0

N0

M1

4 5
4
5
80
, 2 1, 1 2 , 1
9
9
81
eg 9 9
cos 2 =

1
9

A2

N2
[6]

48.

(a)

20 = 2r + r

A1

20 2r
r

AG

(b)

(M1)

1 2 20 2r
r

r
Finding A = 2

10r r

N0

(A1)
M1

2

## eg 10r r = 25, r 10r + 25 = 0

r = 5 cm

(A1)
A1

N2
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

42

49.

## Notes:Candidates may have differing answers due to using approximate

Some leeway is provided to accommodate this.
(a)

METHOD 1
Evidence of using the cosine rule

(M1)

a2 b2 c2 2
, a b 2 c 2 2bc cos A
2
ab
eg cos C =

Correct substitution
32 2 2 4 2 2 2
P
, 4 3 2 2 2 3 2 cos AO

2
A
O
P
eg cos
=

A1

## cos AOP = 0.25

P
AO
= 1.82

26

A1

N2

METHOD 2
Area of AOBP = 5.81 (from part (d))
Area of triangle AOP = 2.905

(M1)

A1

P
AO
= 1.32 or 1.82

P
AO
= 1.82

(b)

26

B
AO
= 2( 1.82)

= 2.64
(c)

(i)

A1

(= 2 3.64)

N2

(A1)

38

A1

## Appropriate method of finding area

N2

(M1)

1 2
r
eg area = 2
1 2
4 1.63
Area of sector PAEB = 2

A1

= 13.0 (cm )
(accept the exact value 13.04)
(ii)

1 2
3 2.64
Area of sector OADB = 2
2

= 11.9 (cm )

IB Questionbank Maths SL

A1

N2

A1
A1

N1

43

(d)

(i)

M1

(ii)

N1

M1
A1

N1
[14]

50.

(a)

## Evidence of choosing cosine rule

2

(M1)

eg a = b + c 2bc cos A
Correct substitution
2

A1
2

2

(b)

(A1)
A1

180 162 = 18

(A1)

## Evidence of choosing sine rule

(M1)

Correct substitution

N2

A1

8.35
DE
eg sin 18 = sin 110
DE = 2.75 (cm)
(c)

Setting up equation

A1

N2

(M1)

1
1
eg 2 ab sin C = 5.68, 2 bh = 5.68
Correct substitution

A1

1
1

## sin DBC = 0.5

C
DB
30 and/or 150

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(A1)
A1

N2

44

(d)

C (60 + D B
C)
Finding A B

(A1)

(M1)

(BC) cos ABC

2

A1

AC = 9.74 (cm)

A1

(e)

## For finding area of triangle ABD

N3

(M1)

1
Correct substitution Area = 2 9.2 7.1 sin 60

A1

= 28.28...

A1

## Area of ABCD = 28.28... + 5.68

(M1)

= 34.0 (cm )

A1

N3
[21]

51.

(a)
y
10

180

360

180

360

10
Correct asymptotes
(b)

(i)

Period = 360

(ii)

f (90) = 2

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(accept 2)

A1A1

N2

A1

N1

A1

N1

45

(c)

270, 90

A1A1 N1N1
Notes: Penalize 1 mark for any additional values.
Penalize 1 mark for correct answers given
3

, , or 4.71, 1.57 .

[6]

52.

(a)

METHOD 1
Using the discriminant = 0

(M1)

k =441
k = 4, k = 4

A1A1

N3

METHOD 2
Factorizing
(2x 1)

(M1)

k = 4, k = 4

(b)

A1A1
2

N3

M1

## eg 2(2 cos 1) + 4 cos + 3

2

f () = 4 cos + 4 cos + 1

IB Questionbank Maths SL

AG

N0

46

(c)

(i)

A1

(ii)

METHOD 1
Attempting to solve for cos
cos =

N1

M1

1
2

(A1)

A2

N3

METHOD 2
2

## Sketch of y = 4 cos + 4 cos + 1

y

360

180

180

Indicating 4 zeros

360

(A1)

(d)

M1

Using sketch

A2

N3

(M1)

c=9

A1

N2
[11]

## Note: Accept exact answers given in terms of .

53.
(a)

Evidence of using l = r

(M1)

## arc AB = 7.85 (m)

(b)

A1

1
A r2
2
Evidence of using

(M1)
2

## Area of sector AOB = 58.9 (m )

IB Questionbank Maths SL

N2

A1

N2

47

(c)

METHOD 1

30
angle = 6

(A1)

## attempt to find 15 sin 6

M1

height = 15 + 15 sin 6
= 22.5 (m)

A1

N2

METHOD 2

60
angle = 3

## attempt to find 15 cos 3

(A1)
M1

height = 15 + 15 cos 3
= 22.5 (m)

IB Questionbank Maths SL

A1

N2

48

(d)

(i)

15 15 cos
4
2 4

(M1)

= 25.6 (m)

A1

0
4
h(0) = 15 15 cos

N2

(ii)

(M1)

= 4.39(m)
(iii)

A1

N2

METHOD 1
Highest point when h = 30

R1

2t
4
30 = 15 15 cos

M1

2t
4 = 1
cos

accept

t = 1.18

(A1)

A1

N2

METHOD 2
h
30

2
Sketch of graph of h
Correct maximum indicated
t = 1.18

t
M2
(A1)
A1

N2

METHOD 3
Evidence of setting h(t) = 0

2t 0
4
sin

M1

(A1)

Justification of maximum

R1

## eg reasoning from diagram, first derivative test, second

derivative test

accept

t = 1.18

IB Questionbank Maths SL

A1

N2

49

(e)

2t
4 (may be seen in part (d))
h(t) = 30 sin

(f)

(i)

A1A1

N2

A1A1A1

N3

h (t)
30

30

## Notes: Award A1 for range 30 to 30, A1

for two zeros.
Award A1 for approximate correct
sinusoidal shape.
(ii)

METHOD 1
Maximum on graph of h
t = 0.393

(M1)
A1

N2

METHOD 2
Minimum on graph of h
t = 1.96

(M1)
A1

N2

METHOD 3
Solving h(t) = 0

(M1)

## One or both correct answers

A1

t = 0.393, t = 1.96

N2
[22]

54.

(a)

Vertex is (4, 8)

A1A1

(b)

Substituting 10 = a(7 4) + 8

a = 2
(c)

For y-intercept, x = 0
y = 24

N2

M1
A1

N1

(A1)
A1

N2
[6]

55.

METHOD 1

IB Questionbank Maths SL

50

1 2
r
Evidence of correctly substituting into A = 2

A1

A1

(M1)

## leading to a correct equation in one variable

A1

= 6

r=4

(= 0.524, 30)

A1A1

N3

METHOD 2
Setting up and equating ratios
4
2

3 3
r 2 2r

(M1)

A1A1

Solving gives r = 4

A1

2
1
4
or r 2
2
3
r = 3

A1

0.524 , 30
= 6

A1

r=4

0.524 , 30
= 6

N3
[6]

56.

3
or etc
2

a = 4, b = 2, c = 2

A2A2A2

N6
[6]

57.

(a)

PQ =

(b)

Using r = a + tb
x 1
5
t

y 6
3

A1A1

N2

A2A1A1

N4
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

51

58.

METHOD 1
Evidence of correctly substituting into l = r

A1

1 2
r
Evidence of correctly substituting into A = 2

A1

## For attempting to solve these equations

eliminating one variable correctly

= 1.6 (= 91.7)

r = 15

(M1)
A1
A1A1

N3

METHOD 2
Setting up and equating ratios

(M1)

24 180

2r r 2

A1A1

Solving gives r = 15

A1

r = 24

1 2

or r 180
2

A1

= 1.6 (= 91.7)
r = 15

= 1.6

A1
(= 91.7)

N3
[6]

59.

(a)

## For correct substitution into cosine rule

BD =

A1

4 2 8 2 2 4 8 cos

## For factorizing 16, BD =

=

IB Questionbank Maths SL

16 5 4 cos
4 5 4 cos

A1
AG

N0

52

(b)

(i)

BD = 5.5653 ...

(A1)

D sin 25
sin CB

12
5.5653

M1A1

(ii)

D
CB
= 65.7

## Or CBD = 180 their acute angle

= 114
(iii)

N2

A1

N1

(M1)
A1

C
BD
= 89.3

N2

(A1)

BC
5.5653
BC
12

or

sin 89.3 sin 25 sin 89.3 sin 65.7 (or cosine rule)
BC = 13.2

A1

(accept 13.17)

M1A1
A1

Perimeter = 4 + 8 + 12 + 13.2
= 37.2

(c)

1
Area = 2 4 8 sin 40
= 10.3

A1

N2

A1
A1

N1
[16]

60.

(a)

METHOD 1
Note: There are many valid algebraic approaches
to this problem (eg completing the square,
b
x
)
2a . Use the following mark
using
allocation as a guide.
(i)

(ii)

dy
0
Using dx

(M1)

32x + 160 = 0

A1

x=5

A1

N2

A1

N1

ymax = 144

METHOD 2
(i)
(ii)

## Sketch of the correct parabola (may be seen in part (ii))

M1

x=5

A2

N2

ymax = 144

A1

N1

IB Questionbank Maths SL

53

(b)

(i)

z = 10 x

(ii)

z = x + 6 2 x 6 cos Z

(iii)

## Substituting for z into the expression in part (ii)

(accept x + z = 10)
2

A2

N2

(M1)
A1

## Simplifying 12x cos Z = 20x 64

A1

20 x 64
12 x
Isolating cos Z =

A1
AG

## Evidence of using the formula for area of a triangle

1

A 6 x sin Z
2

M1

A 3x sin Z A 2 3 6 x 2 sin 2 Z
4

A1

A = 9x sin Z

(d)

N1

## Expanding 100 20x + x = x + 36 12x cos Z

5 x 16
cos Z = 3x
Note: Expanding, simplifying and isolating may
be done in any order, with the final A1
being awarded for an expression that
(c)

A1

AG

## Using sin Z = 1 cos Z

for expanding

N0

(A1)

5 x 16
Substituting 3x for cos Z
5 x 16

3x

N0

A1

25 x 2 160 x 256

9x 2

to

A1

2

2

(e)

(i)
(ii)

AG
2

## 144 (is maximum value of A , from part (a))

A1

Amax = 12

A1

N1

Isosceles

A1

N1
[20]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

54

61.

(a)

## Evidence of choosing the double angle formula

f (x) = 15 sin (6x)

(b)

(M1)
A1

N2

(M1)

## eg 15 sin 6x = 0, sin 3x = 0 and cos 3x = 0

6x = 0, , 2

,
x = 0, 6 3

A1A1A1

N4
[6]

62.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

OP = PQ (= 3cm)

R1

So OPQ is isosceles

AG

32 32 4 2

cos OPQ =

9 9 16
2

18
18

sin OPQ =

sin OPQ =
(iv)

AG
2

## Evidence of using sin A + cos A = 1

1

(M1)

A1

1
Q
O
P
cos
= 9
(iii)

1
81

N0

N0

M1

80

81

A1

80
9

AG

1
OP PQ sin P
Evidence of using area triangle OPQ = 2

N0

M1

1
80 9
3 3
, 0.9938
2
9
2
eg

## Area triangle OPQ =

IB Questionbank Maths SL

80
2

20

4.47

A1

N1

55

(b)

OPQ = 1.4594...

(i)

OPQ = 1.46
(ii)

A1

## Evidence of using formula for area of a sector

N1

(M1)

1 2
3 1.4594
eg Area sector OPQ = 2
= 6.57

(c)

P
QO
=

1.4594
0.841
2

1 2
4 0.841
Area sector QOS = 2
= 6.73
(d)

A1

N2

(A1)
A1
A1

A1

M1

N2

## eg Area = area of semi-circle area sector OPQ area sector QOS +

area triangle POQ
Correct expression

A1

## eg 4.5 6.5675... 6.7285... + 4.472..., 4.5 (6.7285... + 2.095...),

4.5 (6.5675... + 2.256...)
Area of the shaded region = 5.31

A1

N1
[17]

63.

(a)

p = 30

A2

(b)

METHOD 1
2
Period = q

= 2
q=4

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(M2)
(A1)
A1

56

METHOD 2
1
Horizontal stretch of scale factor = q
1
scale factor = 4
q=4

(M2)
(A1)
A1

4
[6]

64.

(a)

(b)

(c)

2
2
using the cosine rule (A2) = b + c 2bc cos A
2
2
2
substituting correctly BC = 65 +104 2 (65) (104) cos 60
= 4225 + 10816 6760 = 8281
BC = 91 m

1
finding the area, using 2 bc sin A
1
substituting correctly, area = 2 (65) (104) sin 60
= 1690 3 (Accept p = 1690)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(d)

(i)

(M1)
A1
A1

(M1)
A1
A1

1
A1 = 2 (65) (x) sin 30
65x
= 4

AG

1
A2 = 2 (104) (x) sin 30
= 26x

M1
A1

65x
starting A1 + A2 = A or substituting 4 + 26x = 1690 3
169x
simplifying 4 = 1690 3

A1

(M1)
A1

4 1690 3
169
x=

A1

x = 40 3 (Accept q = 40)

A1

## Recognizing that supplementary angles have equal sines

C
B

R1

IB Questionbank Maths SL

57

(ii)

## using sin rule in ADB and ACD

(M1)

sin 30
65
BD
BD
B
B
substituting correctly

A1

DC 104 DC sin 30
C
and

M1

C

BD DC BD 65
65 104
DC 104

A1

BD 5
DC 8

AG

5
[18]

65.

(a)

1
A r 2
2
1
27 (1.5) r 2
2

(b)

(M1)(A1)

r 36

(A1)

r 6 cm

(A1) (C4)

## Arc length r 1.5 6

(M1)

Arc length = 9 cm
Note: Penalize a total of (1 mark) for missing units.

(A1) (C2)
[6]

66.

(a)

## when y 0 (may be implied by a sketch)

8
or 2.79
9

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(A1)
(A1) (C2)

58

(b)

METHOD 1
Sketch of appropriate graph(s)
Indicating correct points
x 3.32 or x 5.41

(M1)
(A1)
(A1)(A1)(C2)(C2)

METHOD 2

sin x
9
2

7
11

x
9 6 ,
9
6

7
11

6 9,
6 9

19
31
x
18 ,
18

(A1)(A1)

( x 3.32, x 5.41)

(A1)(A1)(C2)(C2)
[6]

67.

(a)

## for using cosine rule

b 2 c 2 2ab cos C

BC 2 152 17 2 2 15 17 cos 29

(M1)

(A1)

BC 8.24 m

(A1) (N0)
Notes: Either the first or the second line may be implied, but
not both. Award no marks if 8.24 is obtained by assuming a
right (angled) triangle (BC = 17 sin 29).

(i)

29
17
85
B

## A C\$B 180 (29 85) 66o

for using sine rule (may be implied)

(M1)

AC
17

## sin 85o sin 66o

(A1)

AC

17sin85o
sin 66o

AC (18.5380K ) 18.5 m

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(A1) (N2)

59

(ii)

Area

1
17 18.538... sin 29o
2

(A1)
2

## 76.4 m 2 (Accept 76.2 m )

(c)

B
AC
from previous triangle 66

(A1) (N1)

(A1)

## 180 (29 114) 37o

ABC
A

29

114

17
37
B

AC
17

o
sin 37 sin114o

(M1)(A1)

AC (11.19906K ) 11.2 m

(d)

(A1) (N1)

29

17
B

## Minimum length for BC when ACB = 90or diagram

showing right triangle

sin 29o

(M1)

CB
17

CB 17sin 29o
CB (8.2417K ) 8.24 m

(A1) (N1)

2
[14]

68.

(a)

(i)

1
f ( x) 2cos 2 x sin x
2
cos 2 x sin x

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(A1)(A1) (N2)
60

2
Note: Award (A1)(A1) for 2sin x sin x 1 only if work
shown, using product rule on sin x cos x cos x .

(ii)

(iii)

## 2sin 2 x sin x 1 (2sin x 1)(sin x 1) or

2 (sin x 0.5) (sin x 1)

2sin x 1 or sin x 1

sin x
x

(b)
(c)

(i)

(A1) (N1)

1
2

5
3
(0.524) x
(2.62) x
(4.71)
6
6
2

0.524
6

(A1)(A1)(A1)(N1)
(N1)(N1)
6

(A1) (N1)

EITHER
curve crosses axis when

Area 2 f ( x) dx
6

5
6

2 (may be implied)

(A1)

f ( x ) dx
(M1)(A1) (N3)

OR

Area =

(ii)

5
6

f ( x ) dx

(M1)(A2) (N3)

## Area 0.875 0.875

(M1)

1.75

(A1) (N2)

5
[12]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

61

69.

1
Using area of a triangle = 2 ab sin C

(M1)

1
20 (10)(8) sin Q
2

(A1)(A1)(A1)

## Note: Accept any letter for Q

sin Q = 0.5

(A1)

R
PQ
= 30 or 6 or 0.524

(A1) (C6)
[6]

70.

(a)

b=6

(A1) (C1)

(b)
y

(A3) (C3)
(c)

x = 1.05

solutions)

(A2) (C2)
[6]

71.

(a)

## 3(1 2 sin x) + sin x = 1

2

6 sin x sin x 2 = 0 (p = 6, q = 1, r = 2)
(b)

## (3 sin x 2)(2 sin x + 1)

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(A1)
(A1) (C2)
(A1)(A1) (C2)

62

(c)

4 solutions

(A2) (C2)
[6]

72.

1
1
2
2
Area of large sector 2 r = 2 16 1.5
= 192

(M1)
(A1)

1
1
2
2
Area of small sector 2 r = 2 10 1.5
= 75

(M1)
(A1)

## Shaded area = large area small area = 192 75

= 117

(M1)
(A1) (C6)
[6]

73.

(a)

y
2
1 .5
1
0 .5
0

0 .5

1 .5

2 .5

3 .5 x

0 .5
1
1 .5
2

(b)

(A1)(A1) (C2)
Note: Award (A1) for the graph crossing the y-axis between 0.5
and 1, and (A1) for an approximate sine curve crossing the xaxis twice. Do not penalize for x >3.14.

1

(Maximum) x = 0.285 4 2
x = 0.3 (1 dp)
3 1

(Minimum) x = 1.856 4 2
x = 1.9 (1 dp)

(A1)
(A1) (C2)

(A1)
(A1) (C2)
[6]

74.

1
Area of a triangle = 2 3 4 sin A

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(A1)
63

1
2 3 4 sin A = 4.5
sin A = 0.75
A = 48.6 and A = 131 (or 0.848, 2.29 radians)
Note: Award (C4) for 48.6 only, (C5) for 131 only.

(A1)
(A1)
(A1)(A2) (C6)
[6]

75.

METHOD 1
2

## 2 cos x = 2 sin x cos x

2
2 cos x 2 sin x cos x = 0
2 cos x(cos x sin x) = 0
cos x = 0, (cos x sin x) = 0

x= 2,x= 4

(M1)
(M1)
(A1)(A1)
(A1)(A1) (C6)

METHOD 2
Graphical solutions
EITHER
2

(M2)

(M2)

## for both graphs y = 2 cos x, y = sin 2 x,

OR
for the graph of y = 2 cos x sin 2 x.
THEN

## Points representing the solutions clearly indicated

(A1)
1.57, 0.785
(A1)

x= 2,x= 4
(A1)(A1) (C6)
Notes: If no working shown, award (C4) for one correct
Award (C2)(C2) for each correct decimal answer 1.57, 0.785.
Award (C2)(C2) for each correct degree answer 90, 45.
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

64

76.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(i)

10 + 4 sin 1 = 13.4

(A1)

(ii)

At 2100, t = 21
(A1)
10 + 4 sin 10.5 = 6.48
(A1) (N2)
Note: Award (A0)(A1) if candidates use t = 2100 leading to
y = 12.6. No other ft allowed.

(i)

14 metres

(A1)

(ii)

t
t

14 = 10 + 4 sin 2 sin 2 = 1
t = (3.14) (correct answer only)

(M1)
(A1) (N2)

(A1)

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

t

10 + 4 sin 2 = 7
t

sin 2 = 0.75

(M1)

t = 7.98

(A1)
(A1) (N3)

## depth < 7 from 8 11 = 3 hours

from 2030 2330 = 3 hours
therefore, total = 6 hours

(M1)
(M1)
(A1) (N3)

7
[13]

77.

(a)

(b)

o
Angle A 80

(A1)

AB
5

o
sin 40 sin 80o

(M1)

AB 3.26 cm

(A1) (C3)

1
1
ac sin B (5) (3.26)sin 60o
2
2
Area
2

(M1)(A1)

## 7.07 (accept 7.06) cm

Note: Penalize once in this question for absence of units.

(A1) (C3)
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

65

78.

METHOD 1

1
(5)2 (0.8)
Area sector OAB 2

(M1)

10

(A1)

ON

5cos 0.8

3.483...

(A1)

AN

5sin 0.8

3.586.....

(A1)

1
AON ON AN
2
Area of
2
6.249... (cm )

(A1)

10 6.249..
2
3.75 (cm )

(A1) (C6)

METHOD 2
A

1
ABF (5) 2 (1.6)
2
Area sector
20

1
OAF (5)2 sin1.6
2
Area
12.5

## Twice the shaded area 20 12.5 ( 7.5)

(M1)
(A1)
(M1)
(A1)
(M1)

1
(7.5)
2
3.75 (cm )

(A1) (C6)
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

66

79.

(a)

f ( x) 6sin 2 x

(i)
(ii)

(A1)(A1)

EITHER
f ( x) 12sin x cos x 0

sin x 0 or cos x 0

(M1)

OR
sin 2 x 0 ,
for 0 2 x 2

(M1)

THEN

x 0, ,
2
(b)

(i)
(ii)

(A1)(A1)(A1) (N4)

translation

(A1)

in the y-direction of 1

(A1)

1.11

(A2)

## (1.10 from TRACE is subject to AP)

4
[10]

80.

3 = p + q cos 0
3=p+q
1 = p + q cos
1 = p q

(M1)
(A1)
(M1)
(A1)

(a)

p=1

(A1) (C3)

(b)

q=2

(A1) (C3)
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

67

81.

Method 1
y

1 .8 0

0
1.80 [3 sf]
2.51 [3 sf]

2 .5 1

(C2)
(G2) (C2)
(G2) (C2)

Method 2
3x = 0.5x + 2 (etc.)
3.5x = 0, 2, 4 or 2.5x = 0, 2, 4
7x = 0, 4, (8) or 5x = 0, 4, (8)

4
4
x = 0, 7 or x = 0, 5
4 4
x = 0, 7 , 5

(M1)
(A1)
(A1)
(A1)(A1)(A1)
(C2)(C2)(C2)
[6]

82.

(a)

1
2
area of sector DC = 4 (2) =
area of segment BDCP = area of ABC
=2

(b)

BP =

1
2
area of semicircle of radius BP = 2 ( 2 ) =
area of shaded region = ( 2) = 2

(A1)
(M1)
(A1) (C3)

(A1)
(A1)
(A1) (C3)
[6]

83.

(a)

OR PQ

IB Questionbank Maths SL

68

=qp

10 7

1 3
=
3

2
=

OPQ
(b)

cos

PO

(A1)(A1)
(A1)

PO PQ
PO PQ

(A1)
2

58 ,

PQ 3 2
2

PO PQ = 21 + 6 = 15
15
15
OPQ

58 13
754
cos

(c)

(i)

= 13

(A1)(A1)
(A1)
(AG)

## cos PQR = cos OPQ

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(R1)

15

754

(AG)

69

(ii)

sin PQR =
=
=

15

754

(M1)

529
754
23
754

(A1)
(AG)

OR
cos =

15
754
754

15

(M1)
2

## therefore x = 754 225 = 529 x = 23

23
754

sin =
Note: Award (A1)(A0) for the following solution.

(A1)
(AG)

15
754 = 56.89

cos =
sin = 0.8376

23
754 = 0.8376 sin =

IB Questionbank Maths SL

23
754

70

(iii)

## Area of OPQR = 2 (area of triangle PQR)

1
R
PQ QR sin PQ
=2 2
1
23
13 58
754
=2 2
= 23 sq units.
OR
Area of OPQR = 2 (area of triangle OPQ)

1
7 1 3 10
2
=2
= 23 sq units.
Notes: Other valid methods can be used.
Award final (A1) for the integer answer.

(M1)
(A1)
(A1)
(A1)
(M1)
(A1)(A1)
(A1)

[14]

84.

(a)

PR
9

## Sine rule sin35 sin 120

9 sin 35
PR = sin 120

(M1)(A1)

= 5.96 km
(b)

(A1)

EITHER
Sine rule to find PQ

9 sin 25
PQ = sin 120

(M1)(A1)
(A1)

= 4.39 km
OR
2

## Cosine rule: PQ = 5.96 + 9 (2)(5.96)(9) cos 25

= 19.29
PQ = 4.39 km

4.39
Time for Tom = 8
5.96
Time for Alan = a
4.39 5.96
Then 8 = a
a = 10.9

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(M1)(A1)
(A1)
(A1)
(A1)
(M1)
(A1)

71

(c)

RS = 4QS
2
2
4QS = QS + 81 18 QS cos 35
2
2
3QS + 14.74QS 81 = 0 (or 3x + 14.74x 81 = 0)
QS = 8.20 or QS = 3.29
therefore QS = 3.29
OR

QS
2QS

sinSRQ sin35
1
SRQ
2 sin 35
sin
SRQ = 16.7

= 128.3

9
QS
SR

(A1)
(M1)(A1)
(A1)
(G1)
(A1)

(M1)
(A1)
(A1)
(A1)
(M1)

9 sin 16.7
9 sin 35

2 sin 128.3
QS = sin 128.3
= 3.29

(A1)

6
[16]

85.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

1
1

4
2 , sin 4
2
cos

sin
4 =0
therefore cos 4

(AG)

tan x = l

(M1)

3
x= 4

(A1)

(A1)

## Note: Award (A0) for 2.36.

OR

3
x= 4

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(G2)

72

(b)

y = e (cos x + sin x)

dy
dx = ex(cos x + sin x) + ex(sin x + cos x)

(M1)(A1)(A1)

= 2e cos x

(c)

dy
dx = 0 for a turning point 2ex cos x = 0

cos x = 0

x= 2 a= 2

2
2
2
2
y = e (cos
+ sin ) = e
b=e

(M1)
(A1)
(A1)

(A1)

## Note: Award (M1)(A1)(A0)(A0) for a = 1.57, b = 4.81.

(d)

d2 y
2
At D, dx = 0
x

2e cos x 2e sin x = 0
x
2e (cos x sin x) = 0
cos x sin x = 0

x= 4

y = e (cos 4 + sin 4 )

(e)

(A1)
(A1)

(M1)
(A1)

2e

(A1)
(AG)

Required area =
(cos x + sin x)dx
(M1)
= 7.46 sq units
(G1)
OR
rea = 7.46 sq units
(G2)
Note: Award (M1)(G0) for the answer 9.81 obtained if the
calculator is in degree mode.

3
4 ex
0

[17]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

73

86.

(a)

4
, 0
A is 3

(i)
(ii)

(b)

(A1)(A1) (C2)

B is (0, 4)
(A1)(A1) (C2)
Note: In each of parts (i) and (ii), award C1 if A and B are
interchanged, C1 if intercepts given instead of coordinates.

1
4
Area = 2 4 3
8
= 3 (= 2.67)

(M1)
(A1) (C2)
[6]

87.

(a)

(3 sin x 2)(sin x 3)

(A1)(A1) (C2)
2

## Note: Award A1 if 3x 11x + 6 correctly factorized to give

(3x 2)(x 3) (or equivalent with another letter).
(b)

(i)

(3 sin x 2)(sin x 3) = 0
2
sin x = 3
sin x = 3

(ii)

(A1)(A1) (C2)

x = 41.8, 138
(A1)(A1) (C2)
Notes: Penalize [1 mark] for any extra answers and [1 mark]
ie Award A1 A0 for 41.8, 138 and any extra answers.
Award A1 A0 for 0.730, 2.41.
Award A0 A0 for 0.730, 2.41 and any extra answers.
[6]

88.

## Note: Do not penalize missing units in this question.

(a)

AB

= 12 + 12 2 12 12 cos 75 (A1)
(A1)

= 12 (2 2 cos 75)
2
= 12 2(1 cos 75)
2(1 cos 75)
AB = 12
(AG)
Note: The second (A1) is for transforming the initial expression
to any simplified expression from which the given result can be
clearly seen.

IB Questionbank Maths SL

74

(b)

B
PO
= 37.5
BP = 12 tan 37.5
= 9.21 cm

(A1)
(M1)
(A1)

OR
P = 37.5
BPA = 105
BA
AB
BP

## sin 105 sin 37.5

AB sin 37.5
BP = sin 105 = 9.21(cm)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(A1)
(M1)
(A1)

(i)

1
1

## 12 9.21 or 12 12 tan 37.5

2
2

Area OBP =
2
2
= 55.3 (cm ) (accept 55.2 cm )

(M1)
(A1)

(ii)

1
2
Area ABP = 2 (9.21) sin105
2
2
= 41.0 (cm ) (accept 40.9 cm )

(M1)
(A1)

1

75

12 2 75
12 2
or
180
360

Area of sector = 2
2
2
= 94.2 (cm ) (accept 30 or 94.3 (cm ))

(M1)
(A1)

## Shaded area = 2 area OPB area sector

2
2
2
= 16.4 (cm ) (accept 16.2 cm , 16.3 cm )

(M1)
(A1)

2
[13]

89.

## Note: Do not penalize missing units in this question.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

At release(P), t = 0
s = 48 + 10 cos 0
= 58 cm below ceiling

(M1)

58 = 48 +10 cos 2t
cos 2t = 1
t = 1sec

(M1)
(A1)
(A1)

(A1)

OR
t = 1sec

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(G3)

75

(b)

(i)

(ii)

(c)

ds
dt = 20 sin 2t
Note: Award (A1) for 20, and (A1) for sin 2t.

(A1)(A1)

ds
v = dt = 20 sin 2t = 0
(M1)
sin 2 t = 0
1
t = 0, 2 ... (at least 2 values)
(A1)
s = 48 + 10 cos 0 or s = 48 +10 cos
(M1)
= 58 cm (at P)
= 38 cm (20 cm above P)
(A1)(A1)
Note: Accept these answers without working for full marks.
May be deduced from recognizing that amplitude is 10.

## 48 +10 cos 2t = 60 + 15 cos 4t

t = 0.162 secs(A1)

(M1)

OR
t = 0.162 secs
(d)

12 times

(G2)

(G2)
Note: If either of the correct answers to parts (c) and (d) are
missing and suitable graphs have been sketched, award (G2)
for sketch of suitable graph(s); (A1) for t = 0.162; (A1) for 12.

[16]

90.

(a)

(b)

l = r or ACB = 2 OA
= 30 cm

B
AO
(obtuse) = 2 2
1
1
2
2
Area = 2 r = 2 (2 2)(15)
2

= 482 cm (3 sf)

(M1)
(A1) (C2)

(A1)
(M1)(A1)
(A1) (C4)
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

76

91.
B

50

80

70
P

(M1)(A2)
OR
2.5 20 = 50
2.5 32 = 80
2

(M1)(A1)
(A1)

d = 50 + 80 2 50 80 cos 70
d = 78.5 km

(M1)(A1)
(A1) (C6)
[6]

92.

(a)

(i)

(A1) (C1)

(ii)

4 (accept 720)

(A2) (C2)

(b)
y

number of solutions: 4

3 2

(G1)
(A2) (C3)
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

77

93.
Statement

## (a) Is the statement true for all

real numbers x? (Yes/No)

## (b) If not true, example

No

No

x = 0 (cos 0 = 1)

Yes

N/A

(b) (A3) (C3)

## Notes: (a) Award (A1) for each correct answer.

(b) Award (A) marks for statements A and B only if NO in
column (a).
Award (A2) for a correct counter example to statement A, (A1)
for a correct counter example to statement B (ignore other
incorrect examples).
Special Case for statement C:
Award (A1) if candidates write NO, and give a valid reason (eg

5
arctan 1 = 4 ).
[6]

94.

(a)

7 2
6
2
sin A sin 45

6
sin A =

(M1)

2
2

2 7 2

(A1)

6
= 7

(AG)

(b)
A

D
B
(i)

C
C BA
BD
+
= 180

IB Questionbank Maths SL

h
C
(A1)

78

(ii)

6
sin A = 7
=> A = 59.0 or 121 (3 sf)

## => BCD = 180 (121 + 45)

= 14.0 (3 sf)

(iii)

7 2
BD
2
sin 14 sin 45
=>BD = 1.69

(c)

1
BD h
Area BDC 2

Area BAC 1
BA h
2
BD
= BA

(A1)(A1)
(A1)

(M1)
(A1)

(M1)(A1)
(AG)

OR

1
BD 6 sin 45
Area BCD 2

Area BAC 1
BA 6 sin 45
2
BD
= BA

(M1)(A1)
(AG)

2
[10]

95.

sin B sin 48

5
7
Using sine rule:
5
sin B = 7 sin 48 = 0.5308

(M1)(A1)

(M1)
B = arcsin (0.5308) = 32.06
(M1)(A1)
= 32 (nearest degree)
(A1) (C6)
Note: Award a maximum of [5 marks] if candidates give the
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

79

96.

(a)

2

1 sin x

## cos x + sin x = 1 => cos x =

(M1)

(M1)

1
=> cos x =
=

(b)

(A1)

8
2 2
9 (= 3 )

(A1) (C4)

1

2
cos 2x = 1 2 sin x = 1 2 3
7
= 9

(M1)
(A1) (C2)

sin 1

cos

= 0.943.

2 sin 1

= 0.778.
[6]

97.

(a)

## 2 sin x = 2(1 cos x) = 2 2 cos x = l + cos x

2
=> 2 cos x + cos x l = 0

(M1)
(A1) (C2)
2

2
1 cos x.
2

(b)

## 2 cos x + cos x 1 = (2 cos x 1)(cos x +1)

(c)

1
cos x = 2 or cos x = l

(A1) (C1)

## => x = 60, 180 or 300

(A1)(A1)(A1) (C3)
Note: Award (A1)(A1)(A0) if the correct answers are given in

5
radians (ie 3 , , 3 , or 1.05, 3.14, 5.24)

[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

80

98.

(a)

(b)

## The smallest angle is opposite the smallest side.

82 7 2 52
cos = 2 8 7
88 11

= 112 14 = 0.7857
Therefore, = 38.2

1
Area = 2 8 7 sin 38.2
2
= 17.3 cm

(M1)

(A1) (C2)

(M1)
(A1) (C2)
[4]

99.

(a)

(b)

## 3 sin x + 4 cos x = 3(1 cos x) + 4cos x

2
= 3 3 cos + 4 cos x
2

(A1) (C1)

## 3 sin x + 4 cos x 4 = 0 3 3 cos x + 4 cos x 4 = 0

2
3 cos x 4 cos x + 1 = 0
(A1)
(3 cos x 1)(cos x 1) = 0
1
cos x = 3 or cos x = 1
x = 70.5 or x = 0
(A1)(A1) (C3)
Note: Award (C1) for each correct radian answer, ie x = 1.23
or x = 0.
[4]

100. (a)

(b)

(i)

AP =

( x 8) 2 (10 6) 2 x 2 16 x 80

(ii)

OP =

( x 0) 2 (10 0) 2 x 2 100

cos OPA

AP 2 OP 2 OA 2
2AP OP

(M1) (AG)
(A1)

(M1)
2

( x 16 x 80) ( x 100) (8 6 )
2 x 2 16 x 80 x 2 100

(M1)

2 x 16 x 80
2

2
= 2 x 16 x 80 x 100
x 2 8 x 40
cos OPA
{( x 2 16 x 80)( x 2 100)}

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(M1)

(AG)

81

(c)

## For x = 8, cos OPA = 0.780869

arccos 0.780869 = 38.7 (3 sf)

(M1)
(A1)

OR

8
tan OPA
10
OPA = arctan (0.8) = 38.7 (3 sf)

(d)

(A1)

## OPA = 60 cos OPA = 0.5

x 2 8 x 40

0.5 =

{( x 2 16 x 80)( x 2 100)}

2x 16x + 80
x = 5.63

(e)

(M1)

(i)

(ii)

{( x 2 16 x 80)( x 2 100)}

(M1)
=0

## hence, when OPA = 0.

This occurs when the points O, A, P are collinear.

3x
The line (OA) has equation y = 4
40
1
When y = 10, x = 3 (= 13 3 )

(M1)
(G2)

(R1)
(R1)
(R1)

(M1)
(A1)

OR

40
1
x = 3 (= 13 3 )
Note: Award (G1) for 13.3.

(G2)

5
[16]

101. (a)

(b)

1 2
1
r
2 (152)(2)
Area = 2
2
= 225 (cm )
1
2
Area OAB = 2 15 sin 2 = 102.3
2
Area = 225 102.3 = 122.7 (cm )
= 123 (3 sf)

(M1)
(A1) (C2)

(A1)
(A1) (C2)
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

82

102. (a)

(b)

B) sin 50
sin (AC

20
17
20 sin 50
sin ( ACB)
17

= 0.901

B
AC
= 116 (3 sf)

## BAC = 180 (64.3 + 50)

= 65.7
1
2
Area = 2 (20)(17) sin 65.7 = 155 (cm ) (3 sf)

(M1)

(A1) (C2)

(A1)
(A1) (C2)
[4]

103. METHOD 1
The value of cosine varies between 1 and +1. Therefore:
t = 0 a + b = 14.3
t = 6 a b = 10.3
2a = 24.6 a = 12.3
2b = 4.0 b = 2
2(12)
k
Period = 12 hours
= 2
k = 12

(A1) (C1)
(A1) (C1)
(M1)
(A1) (C2)

METHOD 2
y
1 4 .3

1 0 .3
6

12

18

24

t (h )

## From consideration of graph: Midpoint = a = 12.3

Amplitude = b = 2
2
2
Period = k = 12
k = 12

(A1) (C1)
(A1) (C1)

(M1)
(A1) (C2)
[4]

104.
IB Questionbank Maths SL

83

C
32km
A
48km
B
CA

48 2 32 2 56 2
2( 48)(32)

cos
B
CA
= arccos(0.0625)
86

(M1)(A1)
(A1)
(A1)
[4]

105. (a)

(b)

## 2 cos x + sin x = 2(1 sin x) + sin x

2
= 2 2 sin x + sin x

(A1)

2 cos x + sin x = 2
2
2 2 sin x + sin x = 2
2
sin x 2 sin x = 0
sin x(1 2 sin x) = 0
1
sin x = 0 or sin x = 2
sin x = 0 x = 0 or (0 or 180)
Note: Award (A1) for both answers.

5
sin x = 2 x = 6 or 6 (30 or 150)
Note: Award (A1) for both answers.

(M1)
(A1)

(A1)
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

84

106. (a)

{ 03 .. 55 << xy << 14

(A 1 )

M A X IM U M
P O IN T

(b)

(c)

(d)

3
LEFT
(A 1 )
I N T E R C E P T 3 < x < 3 .5
3 .2 < x < 3 .6
(A 1 )
0 .2 < y < 0

5
3 .5 < x < 4 (A 1 )
M IN IM U M
P O IN T
4

in te g e rs
o n a x is

(A 1 )

x
R IG H T
IN T E R C E P T
5

## is a solution if and only if + cos = 0.

Now + cos = + (1)
=0

(M1)
(A1)
(A1)

## By using appropriate calculator functions x = 3.696 722 9...

x = 3.69672 (6sf)

(M1)
(A1)

See graph:

(A1)

( x cos x)dx
0

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(A1)

85

(e)

## ( x cos x)dx = 7.86960 (6 sf)

EITHER
0

(A3)
Note: This answer assumes appropriate use of a calculator eg
fnInt (Y1 , X , 0, ) 7.869604401

with Y1 x cos x
fnInt:

OR
0

## = ( 0) + ( sin 0 sin 0) + (cos cos 0)

2
= + 0 + 2 = 7.86960 (6 sf)

(A1)
(A1)

3
[15]

107. (a)

(b)

(c)

(i)

1
Q = 2 (14.6 8.2)
= 3.2

(M1)
(A1)

(ii)

1
P = 2 (14.6 + 8.2)
= 11.4

(M0)
(A1)

t
10 = 11.4 + 3.2 cos 6

7
t
so 16 = cos 6

(M1)

t
therefore arccos 16 6

(A1)

(i)

(A1)

(ii)

(A1)

## This will happen again, 12 hours later, so

15.9 < t < 20.1

(M1)
(A1)

(A1)

4
[10]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

86

## 108. 3 cos x = 5 sin x

sin x 3

cos x 5

(M1)
tan x = 0.6
(A1)
x = 31 or x = 211 (to the nearest degree)
(A1)(A1)(C2)(C2)
Note: Deduct [1 mark] if there are more than two answers.
[4]

5
12
109. sin A = 13 cos A = 13
12
But A is obtuse cos A = 13
sin 2A = 2 sin A cos A
5 12

13
13
=2
120
= 169

(A1)
(A1)
(M1)

(A1) (C4)
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

87

y = sin x x

110. (a)
y
3
2

(1 .2 5 , 1 .7 3 )

3
( 2 .3 , 0 )

(2 .3 , 0 )

( 1 .2 5 , 1 .7 3 )

2
3

(b)

x = 2.31

(c)

(A5)
Notes: Award (A1) for appropriate scales marked on the axes.
Award (A1) for the x-intercepts at (2.3, 0).
Award (A1) for the maximum and minimum points at (1.25,
1.73).
Award (A1) for the end points at (3, 2.55).
Award (A1) for a smooth curve.
Allow some flexibility, especially in the middle three marks
here.

(A1)

x2
C
2

(A1)(A1)

## Note: Do not penalize for the absence of C.

( sin x x)dx
Required area = 0
= 0.944

(M1)
(G1)

OR

(G2)

area = 0.944

4
[10]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

88

111. (a)

30

Acute angle 30
(M1)
Note: Award the (M1) for 30 and/or quadrant diagram/graph
seen.
2nd quadrant since sine positive and cosine negative
= 150

(A1) (C2)

1
2
(b)

## tan 150 = tan 30 or tan 150 =

1
tan 150 = 3

3
2

(M1)
(A1) (C2)
[4]

112. (a)

PQ
40 = tan 36
PQ 29.1 m (3 sf)

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(A1) (C1)

89

(b)
B
30

40m
Q

70
A

B
AQ
= 80
AB
40

sin 80 sin 70

(A1)
(M1)

## Note: Award (M1) for correctly substituting.

AB = 41 9. m (3 sf)

(A1) (C3)
[4]

## 113. Perimeter = 5(2 1) + 10

(M1)(A1)(A1)
Note: Award (M1) for working in radians; (A1) for 2 1; (A1)
for +10.
= (10 + 5) cm (= 36.4, to 3 sf)

(A1) (C4)
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

90

3x

## 114. From sketch of graph y = 4 sin

or by observing sin 1.
k > 4, k < 4

(M2)
(A1)(A1)(C2)(C2)

4
3
2
1
2

1
2
3
4
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

91

## 115. (a)(i) & (c)(i)

y
1

( 1 .1 , 0 .5 5 )

R
( 1 .5 1 , 0 )
0

( 2 , 1 .6 6 )
2

(A3)
Notes: The sketch does not need to be on graph paper. It should
have the correct shape, and the points (0, 0), (1.1, 0.55), (1.57,
0) and (2, 1.66) should be indicated in some way.
Award (A1) for the correct shape.
Award (A2) for 3 or 4 correctly indicated points, (A1) for 1 or 2
points.
(ii)

(b)

## Approximate positions are

positive x-intercept (1.57, 0)
maximum point (1.1, 0.55)
end points (0, 0) and (2, 1.66)

x cos x = 0

x 0 cos x = 0

x= 2

(A1)
(A1)
(A1)(A1)

(M1)
(A1)

## Note: Award (A2) if answer correct.

IB Questionbank Maths SL

92

(c)

(i)

(ii)

(d)

see graph

2
0

x2

(A1)

cos x dx
(A2)
Note: Award (A1) for limits, (A1) for rest of integral correct (do
not penalize missing dx).

Integral = 0.467

(G3)

OR
Integral = x

/2

(1) 2 (0) 2(1)

4
2
[0 + 0 0]
=

(M1)
(M1)
(A1)

3
[15]

116. (a)
(b)

(c)

(A1)

## Range = {y 0.4 < y < 0.4}

(A1)

(i)

(ii)

d
2
f (x) = dx {cos x (sin x) }
2
3
= cos x (2 sin x cos x) sin x (sin x) or 3 sin x + 2 sin x(M1)(A1)(A1)
Note: Award (M1) for using the product rule and (A1) for each
part.
f (x) = 0
2
sin x{2 cos x sin x} = 0 or sin x{3 cos x 1} = 0
2
3 cos x 1 = 0

1

cos x = 3

(A1)

## At A, f (x) > 0, hence cos x =

(iii)

f (x) =

1

3

1

3

2 1
2

3
3 9
= 3

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(M1)
(A1)

1

3

(R1)(AG)

(M1)
(A1)

93

(d)

(e)

x= 2

(i)

(ii)

(A1)

(cos x)(sin x)

Area =

/2

1
dx sin 3 x c
3

1
(cosx)(sin x) 2 dx
3

(M1)(A1)

sin

(sin 0) 3

1
= 3
(f)

At C f (x) = 0
3
9 cos x 7 cos x = 0
2
cos x(9 cos x 7) = 0

7
x = 2 (reject) or x = arccos 3 = 0.491 (3 sf)

(M1)
(A1)

(M1)
(M1)
(A1)(A1)

4
[20]

42 52 7 2
cos = 2 4 5
1
=5
= 101.5

(M1)
(A1)
(A1)

= 44.4

= 34.0

= 101.6

(M1)
(A1)(A1) (C4)

## Note: Award (C3) if not given to the correct accuracy.

[4]

118. AB = r
1 2
2
r
r
= 2
2
= 21.6 5.4
= 8 cm

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(M1)(A1)
(A1)
(A1)

94

1
2
OR 2 (5.4) = 21.6
4
AB = r

(M1)
(A1)

4
= 5.4 2.7
= 8 cm

(M1)
(A1) (C4)
[4]

119. (a)

OA
OB

=6

A is on the circle

(A1)

=6

B is on the circle.

(A1)

C is on the circle.

(A1)

OC

11

= 25 11
=6

(b)

AC OC OA

5 6

11 0

=
=

(c)

11

AO AC
cos OA C
AO AC

(M1)
(A1)

(M1)

0
=

.
11
6 1 11

6
= 6 12
1
3

6
= 2 3

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(A1)
(A1)

95

6 2 ( 12 ) 2 6 2
cos OA C
2 6 12
OR
1

12 as before

(M1)(A1)
(A1)

## OR using the triangle formed by AC and its horizontal and

vertical components:
AC 12

cos OA C

(A1)

1
12

(M1)(A1)

(d)

BC OC OB
5 6

11 0

=
=

11

11

(A1)
(A1)

BC = 132
1
132 12

ABC = 2

(A1)

= 6 11

(A1)

## OR ABC has base AB = 12

and height = 11

(A1)

1
12 11
area = 2
= 6 11

OR Given

cos BA C

(A1)
(A1)

3
6

33
1
33
sin BA C
ABC 12 12
6
2
6

= 6 11

(A1)

(A1)(A1)(A1)
(A1)

4
[12]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

96

1
2
120. tan x = 3

(M1)

1
tan x = 3
x = 30 or x = 150

(M1)
(A1)(A1)(C2)(C2)
[4]

121. h = r so 2r = 100 r = 50
l = 10 = 2r
2 50
= 10
2 5 2
= 10
= 2 = 4.44 (3sf)

(M1)
(M1)
(A1)

(A1) (C4)

[4]

122. (a)
(b)

f (1) = 3
EITHER

OR

IB Questionbank Maths SL

f (5) = 3
distance between successive maxima = period
=51
=4

2
Period of sin kx = k ;
2

so period = 2
=4

(A1)(A1)

(M1)
(A1)
(AG)
(M1)

(A1)
(AG)

97

(c)

(d)

## EITHER A sin 2 + B = 3 and A sin 2 + B = 1

(M1) (M1)
A + B = 3, A + B = 1
(A1)(A1)
A = 2, B = 1
(AG)(A1)
OR Amplitude = A
(M1)
3 ( 1) 4

2
2
A=
(M1)
A=2
(AG)
Midpoint value = B
(M1)
3 ( 1) 2

2
2
B=
(M1)
B=1
(A1)
Note: As the values of A = 2 and B = 1 are likely to be quite
obvious to a bright student, do not insist on too detailed a
proof.

x
f (x) = 2 sin 2 + 1

2 cos x
2 +0
f (x) = 2

(M1)(A2)

Note: Award (M1) for the chain rule, (A1) for 2 , (A1) for

x
2 cos 2 .

x
= cos 2

(A1)

## Notes: Since the result is given, make sure that reasoning is

valid. In particular, the final (A1) is for simplifying the result of
the chain rule calculation. If the preceding steps are not valid,
this final mark should not be given. Beware of fudged results.

(e)

(i)

x
y = k x is a tangent = cos 2

x
1 = cos 2

(A1)

2 x = or 3 or ...
x = 2 or 6 ...

(A1)

## Since 0 x 5, we take x = 2, so the point is (2, 1)

IB Questionbank Maths SL

(M1)

(A1)

98

(ii)

(f)

## Tangent line is: y = (x 2) + 1

y = (2 + 1) x
k = 2 + 1

f (x) = 2 2 sin 2

(M1)
(A1)

+1=2
1
x
sin 2 2

5 13
x or or
6
6
6
2
1 5 13
or or
3
x= 3 3

(A1)
(A1)

(A1)(A1)(A1)

5
[24]

IB Questionbank Maths SL

99