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Reviewer on Strategic Human Resource Management

The challenges of Managing Human Resources Today

Changing employee expectation

Rapidly changing technology
Emphasis on increased productivity
New Modalities of employment- outsourcing
Flatter Organization
Fall of the command and control manager

P.D 442- Labor Code of the Philippines May 1, 1974

1987 Constitution of the Philippines




Article 13 Section III

Right of Labor according to 1987 Constitution

Right to self-organization
Right to security of tenure
Right to collective bargaining and negotiation
Right to humane condition at work
Right to a living wages(Minimum wage)
Right to participate in the policy decision process
affecting their right and privileges
Right to just share in standard fruits of their labor

Obligation of state with respect to Labor


Employees of employers shared responsibility to promote

industrial peace
Preferential use of voluntary arbitration and conciliation.

Employer- includes any person acting in the interest of employer

directly or indirectly
Employee- includes any person in the employ of an employer
Type of Employee



Managerial Employee- is one who is vested with the

power or prerogatives to lay down and execute managerial
policies and/or hire, transfer, suspend, layoff, recall,
discharge, assign or discipline employee
Supervisory Employee- is one who in the interest of the
employer, effectively recommends such managerial action
if the exercise of such authority is not merely routinary or
clerical in nature but requires the use of independent
Rank and File Employee- is one not falling under any of
the preceding definition of managerial or supervisory

Type of employees in terms of tenure



Regular- regardless of written or oral argument, an

employment shall be deemed to be regular where the
employee has been engaged to perform activities which are
usually necessarily or desirable in the usual business or
trade of the employer
Project- where the employment has been fixed or specific
project or undertaking the completion or termination of

which has been determined at the time of engagement of

the employee.
Contractual- includes one employed by the contractor or
sub-contractor to performed or complete a job, work or
service pursuant to be arrangement between the latter of
Seasonal - where the work or service perform seasonal in
character. The employment deemed to lost only for the
duration of season.
Casual- an employment shall deemed to be casual if it is
not covered by the preceding paragraph
Probationary- as defined in article 281, which provides
probationary employment shall not exceed 6 months from
the date the employee start to working unless it is covered
by apprenticeship agreement stipulating long period.
Fixed Contract- where there a day certain agreed upon by
the parties for the commencement and termination of their

Labor Relation- refers to the relationship between employee and

employer in industry

Manner by which hierarchical demands are made or

Clash between management prerogatives and labor rights
Just share in the fruits of production
Fair return in investments expansion and growth

Labor refers to physical or mental exertion necessary to produce

goods and services include the labor force who are employed or those
who are able and willing to work but are temporary or involuntary
Manpower- the portion of the nations population which has actual
or potential capability to continue to the production of goods and
Labor Law all rules of law governing the conditions under which
person may work under control of other person called employees
Labor Standard- prescribe the terms and conditions of employment
as affecting wages or monetary benefits, hours of work, cost of living
allowances and occupational health and safety and welfare of the
Social legislation- law governing employer-employee relationship
while the latter is not at work due to hazard beyond his control
arising from employment which immobilize him from working.
Labor legislation- intended to protect the worker from the mighty
and to correct the injustices that are inherent in employer-employee
Sources of labor law


The first category includes


Philippine Constitution
Legislation passed by the congress
Decision of the Supreme Court


Implementation of rules and regulations

Decision of Quasi Judicial Bodies(NLRC, etc)

Anti Sexual Harassment Law- is defined as any work, education, or

training related sexual harassment committed by an employee or
Grounds for Strike
1. Collective Bargaining Deadlock
2. Unfair Labor Practices
Causes for Termination
1. Just Cause
2. Authorize Cause
Key Function of Human Resource Management

Recruitment, selection and placement

Training and development
Performance Evaluation and Management
Industrial and Employee Relation
Record keeping of all personal data
Compensation, retirement, incentive programs
Confidential advice to internal customers in relations to
work problems at work
10. Other Development

People- who are the most valued assets in an organization.

Frederick Tailor- He is considered the father of scientific

Legal basis of Labor and Social Legislation


Police Power of the State

Social Justice Clause
Protection to Labor Clause
Doctrine of Corporation Clause
Social Service Clause
Full Employment Clause
Freedom from Poverty Clause
Freedom from Association Clause
Due process and equal protection clauses

Meaning of Police power

Inherent police power

Wholesome and reasonable laws
Not repugnant to the constitution
Social Common Good
Social justification of class legislation

Labor Group- labor law is construct in favor of what group in

business organization

Two latin maxim

Salus Populi est supreme lex
The welfare of the people is the supreme law

Minimum Pay according to minimum wage Act- the amount of

pay mandated by law for a daily work of every employee according
to the labor code of the PH.

Sic utere two ut alienum non laedas

So use your own as not to injure another property

Baby Boomers- the generation of the people who are born between
1960 to 1979
Automation- technology that has eliminate huge number of jobs in
Outsourcing- the new modality of employment today
Command and Control- the type of management which fall during
the modern technologies
Human Resources- are people in the business world who do actual
work in the organization
Human Resource Management- It is effective use of an
organization human resources to reprove its performance. It is the
strategic and coherent approach to the management of an
organization most valued assets.

The principle of Equality

- the theory that they affect on arbitrary classification. May to some
extent, be based upon the nature of the employers business rather
than the character of the employees work.
- is an economic ideology which advocates substantial ownership of
the means of production and distribution by the state
Social Justice
- does not champion division of the property or equality of economic
status, what it and the constitution do guarantee are equality of
political rights , equality before the law, equality between values
given and received, equitable sharing of the social and material goods
on the basis effort exerted in their production as applied to
metropolitan centers, especially in relation to housing problem.