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Important Questions / Chapterwise Assignment

Summative Assessment-1
CLASS IX

MATHEMATICS

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Number System
CLASS IX
Questions From CBSE Examination Papers
1.

Which one of the following is an irrational


number ?
.
(a) 0.14
(b) 01416
(c) 0.1416

2.

3.

4 3

2-

22 is equal to:

(b) 2 - 6

(c) 2

14.

(d) 26

Which of the following is a rational number ?


(a)

p
is :
15.

(b) an integer

( c) an irrational number (d) a whole number


5.

The value of
(a)

1
28 2

1
72

1
82

(b)

(c) 14 2

(d) 42 2
16.

6.

2
6
7
6

1
and
2
2
(d) and
3

when simplified
5+
8)
+
3 - 2)
- (
2 - 6)
(
(

An irrational number between


(a) 0.75

(a) non-terminating

(c) 0.750750075000...
17.

(d) terminating

1
(a)
8
9.

The valueof

1
(b)
2

1
(d)
64

(c) 8

The simplest rationalisation factor of

18.

10.

(c) 50

7
(b)
9

The valueof
(a) 1

12.

(d)

50

The sum of 0.3 and 0.4 is :


7
(a)
10

11.

(b)

216 -

(b) 0

54
is :
250
9
3
(a)
(b)
25
5

7
(c)
99
3

7
(d)
11

20.

125 is :
(c) 2

(d) 1
21.

(c)

27
125

(d)

2
5

(b) 4

Simplify :
(a) 13

19.
(a) 5 2

-1

13
13

50 is :

6
(d) 0.7512

Simplfied value of (
16
) 4 4 16 is :
(a) 16

(64) - 2 is :

5
7
and
is :
7
9

(b)

(b) non-terminating and repeating

7.

2
1
4
3

(b)

A number is irrational if and only if its decimal


representation is :

(c) non-terminating and non-repeating

2
5
and are :
3
3

is :
(a) positive andirrational
(b) negative andirrational
(c) positive andrational
(d) negative andrational

is :

1
56 2

Two rational numbers between


1
and
6
5
and
(c)
6

(d) 0.853853853....

(a) a rational number

positive and irrational


positive and rational
negative and irrational
negative and rational

(a)

(b) p

(c) 0.101001000100001..
4.

when simplifed is:


- 2 - 3)
-2 +
3)
(
(
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

(d) 0.4014001400014...

The valueof
(a)

13.

15

1
1

(c) 1

(d) 0

5
3

(b) 13

15

(c) 13

-2

(d) 13

15

Add 5 2 +
3 3 and 2 2 - 5 3.
(a) 7 2 - 2 3

(b) 6 2 - 3 3

(c) 6 2 - 8 3

(d) 6 2 +
8 3

Which of the following numbers is an irrational


number ?
(a)

16 - 4

(c)

5+
3

3 +3 )
( 3)
(

(b) 3 -

(d) - 25

When 15 15 is divided by 3 3 ,the quotient is:


(a) 5 3

(b) 3 5

(c) 5 5

(d) 3 3

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22.

A rational number lying between

(a)
(c) 1.6
23.

If

2+ 3
2

(b)

2 and 3 is:

38.

39.

(d)1.9

x is an irrational number, then x is :


40.

(a) rational
24.

(c) 0
(d) real
Which of the following is the value of
11 - 7
11 +7 ?

25.

)
(

(a) 4
(b) 4
(c) 11
(d) 7
The sum of the digits of a number is subtracted
from the number, there sulting number is always
divisibleby:
(a) 2

26.

(b) irrational

(b) 5

(c) 8

(d) 9

1
3146
.

1732
.
-

(d)

1414
.

27.

Express the numbers 0.53 in the form of

28.

where q0.
1
4
Find 4 rational numbers between and .
3
5
4

p
,
q

3 x

29.

Find the value of x if 2


2=
(2 ) .

30.

Represent

31.

Let x and y be rational and irrational numbers,


respectively. Is x + y necessarily an irrational
number ? Give an example in support of your
answer.

32.

Simplify :

5 on the number line.

1
93
-

3
4

27 2
1
6

81 - 8 3 216 ++
15 5 32
225.

Simplify

34.

Let a be a rational number and b be an irrational


number. Is ab necessarily an irrational ? Justify
youranswerwithanexample.
p
Find two rational numbers in the form
between
q
0.343443444344443...and0.363663666366663...

36.
37.

4 3

43.

45.

Simplify
x 2 and express the result in the
exponential form of x.
Find four rational numbers between 3 and 5 .
7
7

3
indecimal form and say what kind of
13
decimal expansion it has.
1
3+
2 2, check whether x +
If x =
is rational
x
or irrational.
5
Express
with rational denominator.
7- 2
Write

1
1
and .
Find three rational numbers between
3
2
How many rational numbers can be determined
between these two numbers ?
Find a point corresponding to 3 +
2 on the
number line.
3
5
and .
Find three rational numbers between
7
11
How many rational numbers can be determined
lying between these numbers?
1
1
+ .
Find the simplifed valueof
5- 2 3 5+
2 3

46.

Rationalise the denominator of

47.

Express

48.

Prove that

49.

Find thevalueof:

2
.
5+
3

2
with rational denominator.
11 +
7
2

3 - 7)
is an irrational number.
(
4
-2
3

216
(
)

-3

256 4
(
)

5
+ =
3+
b 5 , find a and b.
3+
5
3- 5

50.

If

51.

Locate

17 on the number line.

52.

Locate

4.5 on the number line.

53.

33

33.

35.

42.

44.

If 3 =
1.732 and 2 =
1.414, t h e v a l u e o f
1
is :
3- 2
(a) 0.318
(b) 3.146
(c)

41.

p
Express 1323
.
in the form , where p and q are
q
integers q 0.

54.
55.
56.

57.

58.

5+
2 3
=
a+
b 3 ,then find the values of a
7+
4 3
and b.
3 2
4 3
.
Simplify :
6- 3
6+
2
If

3-1
3+
2 2
If x = and y = ,then, find the value
3+
1
3- 2 2
of x + y.
Simplify the following by rationalisin the
6- 4 3
.
denominator :
6+
4 3
p
Express 3.425 in the form
, where p and q are
q
integers, q
0.
If

3-1

=
a+
b 3 , find the values of a and b.
3+
1

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59.

60.

61.
62.

63.
64.

3- 5
3+
5
2
2
If a = and b = , find a - b .
3+
5
3- 5
Simplify the following by rationalising the
3
2
+
.
denominators :
4 5- 3 4 5+
3
2-

5+
1
+
5+
1
5-1

66.

79.

If 2 =
1.414, 3 =
1.732, then find the value of
4
3
+
.
3 3+
2 2 3 3- 2 2
If

5+
3
=
a+
b 3 ,find rationalnumbers a and b.
5- 3

Simplify : 12 18 - 6 20 - 3 50 +
8 45.

68.

5- 2
5+
2
If x = and y =
, find the value
5+
2
5- 2
2

69.

70.
71.

72.

74.

3+
2
3- 2
If x = and y = , then find the
3- 2
3+
2
2
2
valueof x +
y - 10 xy.
Find the square root of 4.2 geometrically.

75.

If

76.

1
If x =
.
13 - 2 3, find the value of x +
x

73.

3+
2
=
a+
b 6 , then find the values of a & b.
3- 2

3-1
2+
3
If x = and y = ,then find the value
3+
1
2- 3
of x + y.
1
1
+ =
- 1+
3.
Show that
1+
2
2+
3

Simplify the following into a fraction with rational


denominator.
1
5+
6 - 11

82.

Write the following in the ascending order of their


magnitude. 4 3 , 3 2 , 3 4

83.

Find the square root of 4.5 geometrically.


1
Express
with rational denominator.
1+
2- 3

84.
85.

Simplify

86.

Simplify :

87.

88.

90.

6 - 8)
+
3(
27 - 6 )
.
(

1+
2
1- 2
+ .
5+
3
5- 3
If a = 2, b = 3, then find the values of the
following :

(a)

89.
2+
3 2- 3
+ =
a+
b 3 , find thevaluesof
If
2- 3 2+
3
a and b.
Simplify the following by rationalising the
denominators.
2
1
3
+ 5+
3
2+
3
5+
2
3
Express
with rational denominator.
3- 2 +
5

81.

of x +
xy +
y .
6
3 2
4 3
+ .
Simplify :
2+
3
6+
3
6+
2

1
a2

Simplify the following by rationalising the


1
2
1
.
denominators
6+
5
5+
7
7+
6

.
67.

2
If a =
3+
2 2, then find the value of a -

80.

Simplify the following by rationalising the


denominators.
5-1

65.

78.

=
a+
b 10 , find the values of a and b.
2+
5
3+
7 3- 7
+ =
a+
b 7 , find the values of
If
3- 7 3+
7
a and b.
3- 5
19
=
a 5Find the value of a, if
11
3+
2 5
If

77.

a -1

a +
b
(
)
b

(
)

-1

(b) a a +
bb

If (5) x - 3
(3) 2 x- 8=
225 , then find the value of
x.
1
1
+
=
1.
Prove that
xa - b 1 +
xb a1+
p
Express 2.025 in the form of , where p and q
q
are integers and q
0.

91.

Prove that

92.

Simplify :

2
1
+ + =
0.
2+
3
5- 3 2- 5

1
1
1
1
+ + + .
2+
5
5+
6
6+
7
7+
8
2 6
6 2
8 3
+ .
2+
3
6+
3
6+
2

93.

Simplify

94.

Find the values of a and b if :


7+
3 5 7- 3 5
=
a+
5b
3+
5
3- 5

95.

Represent

9.3 on the number line.

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POLYNOMIALS
CLASS IX
Questions From CBSE Examination Papers
1.

2.

If a polynomial f (x) is divided by x a, then


remainder is :
(a) f (0)

(b) f (a)

(c) f (a)

(d) f (a) f(0)

The coefficient of x in the product of


(x 1)(1 2x) is :
(a) 3

3.

(b) 3

(c) 2
x3

One of the factors of (


(a) x + 1 (b) x2 1

4.

Which of the following is a polynomial inx ?


1
(a) x +
(b) x2 +
x
x
(c) x ++
2 x2 1

1) (x 1) is :
(c) x 1

(d) x + 4

(b) 10

(c) 3

(d) 17

6.

b)3

The factors of (2 a
+ (b
is :
(a) (2 a b)(b 2c)(c a)
(b) 3(2a b)(b 2c)(c a)
( c)

6(2a b)(b 2c)(c a)

(d)

2a b 2 c

2c)3

16.

Which of the following is a binomial in y ?


1
+
2
(a) y2 +
2
(b) y +
y
(c)

+ 8(c a)
17.

18.

(c) x x +
x+
1

(d) x3 + 2x

a2 + b2 + c2 ab bc ca equals :

(b) 2x3 + x2 x 19

(c) ( a b + c)2

x1/3

(b) 31
y1/3

(c) 21

(d)

(d) 22

z1/3

If
+
+
= 0, then which one of the
following expressions is correct ?

19.

20.

(c) x + y + z = 3xyz
( x + 2) is a factor of 2x3 + 5x2 x k. The value
of k is :
(a) 6

(b) 24

(c) 6

15
6

(b)

17
6

(c)

1
6

(d)

13
6

1
[( a - b)2 +
(b - c) 2 +
(c - a)2 ]
2

2 is a polynomial of degree :
(b) 0

(c) 1

(d)

1
2

Which of the following is a polynomial in one


variable ?
(a) 3 x2 + x

(d) 24

What is the remainder when x3 2x2 + x + 1 is


divided by (x 1)?
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) 1
(d) 2
2
x
x
2+
+
x2 , then p(1) is :
If p ( x) =
2
3
(a)

21.

(b) (a b c)2

If x51 + 51 is divided by (x + 1), the remainder


is :
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) 49
(d) 50

(a) 2

(d) x3 + y3 + z3 = 3xyz

12.

(b) x3 + x2 + x

(c) 4 x3 + 13x 25

(b) x + y + z = 3x1/3y1/3z1/3

11.

(a) x3 + 1

(a) ( a + b + c)2

If P(x) = 7 3x + 2x2, then value of P(2) is :

1
(d) y y +

Which of the following is a trinomial in x ?

(b) x3 + x2 + x + 4

(a) x3 + y3 + z3 = 0

10.

y+
2y

(a) 4 x3 13x + 6

(a) 12

3x+
1

The remainder when x2 + 2 x + 1 is divided by


(x + 1) is :
(a) 4
(b) 0
(c) 1
(d) 2

In which of the following ( x + 2) is a factor ?

(d)

15.

(x2

One of the factors of ( x 1)


1) is :
(a) x2 1 (b) x + 1
(c) x 1
(d) x + 4

9.

14.

(d) 1

5.

8.

Zero of the polynomialp(x) where p(x) = ax, a 0


is :
1
(a) 1
(b) a
(c) 0
(d)
a

The coeffcient of x2 in (2 3x2)(x2 5) is :


(a) 17

7.

13.

(b)

3x+
4

1
(d) x +
x
The value of p for which x + p is a factor of
x2 + px + 3 p is :
(c) x3 + y3 + 7

22.

(a) 1
23.

(b) 1

(c) 3

(d) 3

The degree of the polynomial p(x) = 3 is :


(a) 3
(b) 1
(c) 0
(d) 2

24.

If

x y
+
=
- 1,( x, y 0), the value of x3 y3 is :
y x

(a) 1
25.

26.

27.

(b) 1

32.

29.

30.

(b) 5

(c) 8

(d) 8

One of the factors of (16 y2 1) + (1 4y)2 is :


(a) (4 + y) (b) (4 y) (c) (4 y + 1) (d) 8 y
If x2 + kx + 6 = (x + 2)(x + 3) for all x, the value
of k is :
(a) 1
(b) 1
(c) 5
(d) 3
Zero of the zero polynomial is :
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) any real number
(d) not defned
If ( x 1) is a factor of p(x) = x2 + x + k, then
value of k is :
(b) 2

(c) 2

(d) 1

Evaluate using suitable identity (999) 3.


x2

Factorise : 3

33.

Using factor theorem, show that ( x + 1) is a factor


of x19 + 1.

35.
36.
37.
38.
39.

Check whether the polynomial


p(s)=3s3+s2 -20s +12 is a multiple of 3 s 2.

49.

Factorise : 125 x3 + 27y3.

50.

Find the value of x3 + y3 12xy + 64 when


x + y = 4.

51.

If x = 2y + 6, then fnd the value of x3 8y3


36xy 216.

52.

Factorise : 27( x + y)3 8(x y)3.

53.

Factorise : ( x 2y)3 + (2y 3z)3 + (3z x)3.

54.

If 2 a =3+2b , prove that 8a3 8 b3 36ab = 27

55.

If a b = 7, a2 + b2 = 85, fnd a3 b3.

56.

The polynomials kx3 + 3x2 8 and 3x3 5x + k


are divided by x + 2. If the remainder in each case
is the same, fnd the value of k.

57.

Find the values of a and b so that the polynomial


x3 + 10x2 + ax + b has (x 1) and (x + 2) as
factors.

58.

Factorise : 8 x3 + y3 + 27z3 18xyz.

59.

If a2 + b2 + c2 = 90 and a + b + c = 20, then


fnd the value of ab + bc + ca.

Without actually calculating the cubes, fnd the


value of 303 + 203 503.
Evaluae (104)
Find

the

60.

x 4.

32.

34.

48.

The coeffcient of x2 in (3x2 5)(4 + 4x2) is :

(a) 3
31.

If 1 is a zero of the polynomial


p(x) = ax3 - x2+ x+4 , find the : value of a

(d) 0

(1 + 3 x)3 is an example of :
(a) monomial
(b) binomial
(c) trinomial
(d) none of these
Degree of zero polynomial is :
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) any natural number (d) not defned
(a) 12

28.

(c) 1/2

47.

61.

Factorise : 64 a3 27b3 144a2b + 108ab2.

62.

Simplify : ( a + b + c ) 2 +(
+ (a + b c)2.

using suitable identity.

value

of

the

polynomial

p( z ) =
3z 2 - 4 z +
17 when z = 3.
Check whether the polynomial t + 1 is a factor of
4t3 + 4t2 t 1.
x 1
Factorise : x2 +
- .
4 8
1
9
1
Factorise : 27p3 - p2 +
p.
216 2
4

-1
If x=
is a zero of the polynomial p(x) = 27x3
3
ax2 x + 3, then fnd the value of a.

63.
64.

a b + c )2

Factorise : 4( x2 + 1)2 + 13(x2 + 1) 12.


2
1
+
2 - 2x - .
Factorise : x2 +
2
x
x

65.

Determine whether (3 x 2) is a factor of


3x3 + x2 20x + 12 ?

66.

Factorise:(2 x y z)3 + (2y z x)3 + (2z x y)3.

67.

If a + b = 11, a2 + b2 = 61, fnd a3 + b3.

40.

If 2 x + 3y = 8 and xy = 4, then fnd the value of


4x2 + 9y2.

68.

a2 +
b2 +
c2 =
30 and a +
b+
c=
10, then fnd the
value of ab +
bc +
ca.

41.

Check whether the polynomial 3 x 1 is a factor


of 9x3 3x2 + 3x 1.
Using factor theorem, show that (2 x + 1) is a factor
of 2x3 + 3x2 11x 6.

69.

Using suitable identity evaluate :


(42)3 - (18)3 - (24)3 .

70.

Find the values of p and q, if the polynomial


x4 +px 3 + 2x2 3x + q is divisible by the polynomial
x2 1.

71.

Simplify ( x + y + z)2 (x + y z)2.

72.

Factorise 9x2 + y2 + z2 6xy + 2yz 6zx. Hence


fnd its value if x = 1, y = 2 and z = 1.

42.
43.

Check whether (x +1) isa factor of x3 + x+ x2 +1

44.

Find the value of

a if (x 1) is a factor of

2 x2 +
ax +
2.
45.

Factorise : 7 2x2 - 10 x - 4 2 .

46.

If a + b + c = 7 and ab + bc + ca = 20, fnd the


value of a2 + b2 + c2.

73.

Find the value of a3 + b3 + 6ab 8 when a + b =2

74.

If x + y + z = 9, then fnd the value of (3 x)3


+ (3 y)3 + (3 z )3 3(3 x)(3 y)(3 z).

75.

1
x3 +
y3 +
z3 - 3 xy =
(x+
y+
z)
2
[( x - y)2 +
( y - z) 2 +
( z - x)2 ].

95.

Verify :

If x 3 is a factor of x2 kx + 12, then fnd the


value of k. Also, fnd the other factor for this value
of k.

96.

2
2 3
(b2 - c2 ) 3 +
(c2 - a2 )3
Simplify : (a - b ) +
.
(a - b)3 +
(b - c) 3 +
(c - a)3

76.

Find the value of x3 + y3 + 9xy 27, if x + y =3

97.

Prove that : 2 x3 + 2y3 + 2z3 6xyz = (x + y + z)

77.

If a + b + c = 6, then find the value of (2 a)3


+ (2 b)3 + (2 c)3 3(2 a)(2 b)(2 c).

78.
79.
80.
81.

If a2 + b2 + c2 = 250 and ab + bc + ca = 3,
find a + b + c.
1
1
3
.
If x +
=
7, then find the value of x +
x
x3
1
1
3
If x - =
3, then fnd the value of x - 3 .
x
x
3
2
If ax + bx + x 6 has (x + 2) as a factor and
leaves a remainder 4 when divided by x 2, fnd
the values of a and b.

82.

Factorise : 2 x3 x2 13x 6.

83.

Factorise : a3(b c)3 + b3(c a)3 + c3(a b)3.

84.

If p = 4 q, prove that p3 + q3 + 12pq = 64.

85.

Find the value of k so that 2x 1 be a factor of


8x4 + 4x3 16x2 + 10x + k.

86.

x4

ax + 8
x3

x2

98.

Using factor theorem show that x2 + 5x + 6 is


factor of x4 + 5x3 + 9x2 + 15x + 18.

99.

Prove that
(x +
y+
z)
[( x- y)2 +
( y - z) 2 ] =
2( x3 +
y3 +
z3 - 3xyz)

100.

The polynomials p(x) = ax3 + 4x2 + 3x 4 and


q(x) = x3 4x + a leave the same remainder when
divided by x 3. Find the remainder when p(x) is
divided by (x 2).

101.

If both ( x + 2) and (2x + 1) are factors of


ax2+ 2 x + b, prove that a b = 0.

102.

Simplify by factorisation method :


6 - 2 2x - x2
.
2 - x2
Show that ( x 1) is a factor of P(x) = 3x3 x2
3x + 1 and hence factorise P(x).

103.
104.

The polynomials x3 + 2x2 5ax 8 and x3 + ax2


12x 6 when divided by (x 2) and (x 3)
leave remaindens p and q respectively. If q p = 10
find the value of a .

105.

Prove that ( x + y )3 ( x y )3 6 y(x2 y2) = 8y3.

106.

Find the value of ( x a)3 + (x b)3 + (x c)3


3(x a)(x b)(x c), if a + b + c = 3x.
Simplify by factorisation method :

87.

If the polynomial P(x) =


2
+3

is divided by (x 2), it leaves a remainder 10.


Find the value of a

88.

Simplify : ( a + b + c)2 ( a b c)2.

107.

89.

Factorise ( x 3y)3 + (3y 7z)3 + (7z x)3.

108.

90.

Factorise : 2 2a3 +
8b3 - 27c3 +
18 2abc.

91.

Factorise : x6 y6.

92.

Find the value of a if (x + a) is a factor of


x4 a2x2 + 3x a.

93.

Factorise by splitting the middle term :


9(x

94.

2y)2

9 - 2 3x - x2

3 - x2
If p(x) = x3 ax2 + bx + 3 leaves a remainder
19 when divided by (x + 2) and a remainder 17
when divided by (x 2), prove that a + b = 6.

109.

The volume of a cube is given by the polynomial


p(x) = x3 6 x2 + 12x 8. Find the possible
expressions for the sides of the cube. Verify the
truth of your answer when the length of cube is
3 cm.

110.

Using factor theorem, factorise the polynomial :


x4 + 3x3 + 2x2 3x 3.

111.

Factorise a7 + ab6.

112.

Using factor theorem, factorise the polynomial.

4(x 2y) 13.

Find the remainder obtained on dividing


1
2x4 - 3x3 - 5x2 +
x+
1 by x- .

2(7)3 + 2(9)3 + 2(13)3 6(7) (9) (13).

What are the possible expressions for the dimensions


of the cuboids whose volume is given below ?
Volume = 12 ky2 + 8ky 20k.

[( x y) + (y z) + (z x) ]. Hence evaluate

x4 + 2x3 7 x2 8x + 12.

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113.

Without actual division, show that the polynomial


2x4 5x3 + 2x2 x + 2 is exactly divisible by
x2 3x + 2.

125.

Without actual division, prove that 2 x 8x. + 3x


+ 12x 9 is exactly divisible by x2 4x + 3.

114.

If x and y be two positive real numbers such that


8x3 + 27y3 = 730 and 2x2y +3 xy2 = 15, then
evaluate 2x + 3y.

126.

If f(x) = x4 2x3 + 3x2 ax + b is divided by


(x 1) and (x + 1), it leaves the remainders 5 and
19 respectively. Find a and b.

115.

Factorise : ( x2 2x)2 2(x2 2x) 3.

127.

If x2 3x + 2 is a factor of x4 ax2 + b then fnd


a and b.

128.

Without actual division show that x4 + 2x3 2x2


+ 2x 3 is exactly divisible by x2 + 2x 3.

129.

1
27a2
9a
Factorise : 27a3 +
+
+
.
3
4
b
64b
16b2

116.

1
=
51, fnd
If x2 +
x2
1
1
x(i)
(ii) x3 - 3 .
x
x

117.

Find the values of m and n so that the polynomial


f(x) = x3 6x2 + mx n is exactly divisible by
(x 1) as well as (x 2).

118.

Factorise : x8 y8.

119.

x4

2x3

Without actual division prove that


+

+ 2x 3 is exactly divisible by x2 + 2x 3.

130.

Find the values of a and b so that (x + 1) and


(x 2) are factors of (x3 + ax2 + 2x + b).

131.

Wi t h o u t a c t u a l d i v i s i o n , p r o v e t h a t
(2x4 - 6x3 +
3x2 +
3x - 2) is exactly divisible by

2x2

( x2 - 3 x +
2).

120.

Factorise : a12x4 a4x12.

132.

Simplify : (5 a + 3b)3 (5a 3b)3.

121.

Without actual division, prove that the polynomial


2x4 5x3 + 2x2 x + 2 is exactly divisible by
x2 3x + 2.

133.

Find the value of a if (x a) is a factor of x5


a2x3 + 2 x + a + 3, hence factorisex2 2 ax 3.

122.

Factorise : ( x2 3x)2 8(x2 3x) 20.

134.

The polynomial ax3 + 3x2 3 and 2x3 5x + a


when divided by x 4 leave the same remainder
in each case. Find the value of a.

135.

Factorise : 3 u3 4u2 12u + 16.


1
1
.
If x +
=
5 , then evaluate x6 +
x
x6
Multiply 9 x2 + 25y2 + 15xy + 12x 20y + 16 by
3x 5y 4 using suitable identity.

123.

124.

The polynomial p(x) = x4 2x3 + 3x2 ax + 3a


7 when divided by (x + 1), leaves the remainder
19. Find the value of a. Also, fnd the remainder,
when p(x) is divided by x + 2.
Find the values of a and b so that (x + 1) and
(x 1) are factors of x4 + ax3 3x2 + 2x + b.

136.
137.

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COORDINATE GEOMETRY
CLASS IX
Questions From CBSE Examination Papers
1. The point (5, 2) and (2, 5) lie in the:
(a) same quadrants
(b) II and III quadrants respectively

10. Locate the following points in the cartesian plane :


A(3, 0), B(0, 5), C(3, 5) and D(2, 4)
11. Write the co-ordinates of A, B, C and D from the
fgure 2.

(c) II and IV quadrants respectively


(d) IV and III quadrants respectively
2. The distance of a point (0, 3) from the origin
is :
(a) 0 units
(b) 3 units
(c) cannot be determined (d) 3 units
3. Which of the following points lie on the negative
side of x-axis ?
(a) (4, 0) (b) (3, 2)

(0,4)

(d) (5, 7)

4. Write the name of the quadrant in which the point


(3, 5) lies.
(a) first quadrant

(b) second quadrant

(c) third quadrant

(d) fourth quadrant

12. In the figure, write the co-ordinates of the points


P, Q, R and S.

5. Ordinate of a point is negative in :


(a) III and IV quadrant (b) III quadrant only
(c) II and III quadrant

(d) IV quadrant only

6. The co-ordinates of the point which lies on y-axis


at a distance of 4 units in negative direction of
y -axis is
(a) (0, 4)

(b) (4, 0)

(c) (0, 4)

(d) (4, 0)

7. Abscissa of a point is positive in :


(a) I and II quadrant

(b) I and IV quadrant

(c) I quadrant only

(d) IV quadrant only

8. Point (0, 4) lies :


(a) in I quadrant

(b) on x-axis

(c) on y-axis

(d) in IV quadrant

9. Write the name of the quadrant in which the point


(3, 5) lies.
(a) first quadrant
(c) third quadrant

13. Draw a quadrilateral whose vertices are (3, 2),


(2, 3), (4, 5) and (5, 3).
14. Plot the points (2, 0) and (3, 4) in the coordinate
plane.

(b)second quadrant
(d) fourth quadrant

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15. The perpendicular distance of a point from the


x-axis is 2 units and the perpendicular distance
from the y-axis is 5 units. Write the co-ordinates
of such a point if it lies in the :
(a) I quadrant
(b) II quadrant
(c) III quadrant

21. Plot the point P (2, 6) on graph paper and from


it draw PM and PN as perpendiculars to x-axis
and y-axis, respectively. Write the coordinates of
the points M and N.
22. See the figure and write the following:

(d) IV quadrant

16. Plot the points P (1, 0), Q (4, 0) and S (1, 3). Find
the coordinate of the point R such that PQRS is
a square.
17. In the figure, PQ is a line parallel to the y-axis at
a distance of 5 units. What are the coordinates of
the points P, Q, R and S?

(i) Co-ordinates of point A


(ii) Abscissa of point D
(iii) The point identified by the co-ordinate (5,4)
18. In figure, ABDC is a square.Find the co-ordinates
of points A and D.

(iv) Co-ordinates of point C.


23.

Plot the points A (3, 0), B (3, 3) and C (0, 3) in a


cartesian plane. Join OA, AB, BC and CO. Name
the figure so formed and write its one property.

24. Observe the figure and answer the following

19. A point lies on x-axis at a distance of 9 units from


y-axis. What are its coordinates? What will be its
coordinates if it lies on y-axis at a distance of
9 units from x-axis?
20. In the figure, if D
ABC and D
ABD are equilateral,
then find the co-ordinates of points C and D.

(a) co-ordinate of B
(b) point identifed by the co-ordinate (2,3)
(c) abscissa of point D
(d) ordinate of point H
(e) points with the same abscissa
(f) points with the same ordinate

25. Plot the points (2, 3), (2, 3), (2, 3) and
(2, 3) on a graph sheet. Join these points. Name
the figure obtained.Also, find the area of the figure
so obtained.

34. In the figure, D


PQR is an equilateral triangle with
coordinates of vertices Q and R as (2, 0) and (2, 0).
Find the coordinates of the vertex P.

26. Plot the co-ordinates of the point :


(a) whose ordinate is 5 and which lies on y-axis
(b) which lies on x and y axes both.
(c) whose abscissa is 3 and which lies on x-axis
in Cartesian Plane.
27. Mark the points (0, 2), (3, 0), (3, 0) and (0, 2) on
a graph.Join these points.Name the figure obtained
and find the area of the figure so obtained.
28. Inisthe
D
ABC
anfigure,
equilateral
triangle with coordinates of
vertices B and C as (4, 0) and (4, 0) respectively.
Find the coordinates of the
point A.

35. The following table gives the number of pairs of


shoes and their corresponding price. Plot these as
ordered pairs and join them. What type of graph
do you get ?
Number of pairs
of shoes
1
2
3
4
5
6

Corresponding prices
(in hundred of rupees)
5
10
15
20
25
30

36. In the figure, AOB is a triangle with co-ordinates


of A and O as (4, 0) and (0, 0) respectively.
AB = 5. Find the co-ordinates of B.

29. Plot the points (x, y) given in the following table


on the plane, choosing suitable units of distance
on the axes.
x
y

2
8

1
7

1
3

3
1

0
2

3
0

30. Plot the points (3, 2), (2, 2), (2, 2) and (3, 2)
in the cartesian plane. Join these points and name
the figure so formed.
31. Plot the points A (5, 5) and B (5, 5) in cartesian
plane. Join AB,OA and OB.Name the figure so
obtained.
32. Plot the points A (6, 6), B (4, 4), C (1, 1) in
the cartesian plane and show that the points are
collinear.

37. The following table gives the number of pens and


their corresponding costs. Plot these as ordered
pairs and join them. What type of graph do you
get ?
Number of pens
Price in rupees

1
3

2
6

4
12

33. Mark the points (2, 2), (2, 2), (2, 2) and
(2, 2) on a graph paper and join these points.
Name the figure that you obtain. Also, find the
area of the figure so obtained.

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5
15

7
21

8
24

38. In the figure, D


ABC is an equilateral triangle with
co-ordinate of B and C as B (1, 0) and C (5, 0).
Find the co-ordinate of vertex A.

40. In the figure, PQR is an equilateral triangle with


the co-ordinates of Q and R as (0, 4) and (0, 4).
Find the co-ordinates of the vertex P.

39. In the figure, ABCD is a rectangle with length


6 cm and breadth 3 cm. O is the mid point of AB.
Find the co-ordinates of A, B, C and D.

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Euclids Geometry
CLASS IX
Questions From CBSE Examination Papers
1.

The number of line segments determined by three


collinear points is :
(a) two

(b) three

(c) only one

(d) four

2.

Number of dimension(s) a surface has:


(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) 2
(d) 3

3.

Two planes intersect each other to form a :


(a) plane
(b) point
(c) straight line

4.

5.

(d) angle

If the point P lies in between M and N and C is


midpoint of MP then:
(a) MC + PN = MN

(b) MP + CP = MN

(c) MC + CN = MN

(d) CP + CN = MN

(a) an axiom

(b) a defnition

(c) a postulate

(d) a proof

Euclid stated that if equals are subtracted from


equals, the remainders are equals in the form
of :
(a) an axiom
(b) a postulate
(c) a defnition
(d) a proof

7.

'Lines are parallel if they do not intersect' is stated


in the form of :
(a) an axiom
(b) a defnition
(c) a postulate
(d) a proof

8.

Which of the following is an example of a


geometrical line?
(a) Blackboard
(b) Sheet of paper
(c) Meeting place of two walls
(d) Tip of the sharp pencil

10.

11.

13. In the figure, if PS = RQ, then prove that


PR = SQ.

Euclid stated that all right angles are equal to each


other in the form of :

6.

9.

12. In the fgure, AE = DF, E is the mid point of AB


and F is the mid point of DC. Using an Euclid's
axiom, show that AB = DC :

1
1
14. In the fgure, if QX =
XY, PX =
XZ
2
2
and QX = PX, show that XY = XZ.

15. In the fgure, it is given that

1 =
4 and
3=
2.
By which Euclid's axiom, it can be shown
that if
2=
4, then
1=
3?

Which of the following needs a proof ?


(a) Axiom
(b) Theorem
(c) Postulate
(d) Defnition
A surface is that which has :
(a) length and breadth (b) length only
(c) breadth only
(d) length and height
'Two intersecting lines cannot be parallel to the
same line' is stated in the form of :
(a) an axiom
(b) a defnition
(c) a postulate
(d) a proof
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Herons Formula
CLASS IX
Questions From CBSE Examination Papers
1.

Herons formula is :

15.

The sides of a triangle are in the ratio of 12 : 17 : 25


and its perimeter is 540 cm. Find its area.

16.

Find the area of a triangle, two sides of which are


60 cm and 100 cm and the perimeter is 300 cm.

17.

Find the area of a triangle with perimeter 22 cm,


one side 9 cm and difference of other two sides
is 7 cm.
Find the height of the trapeziumin which parallel
sides are 25 cm and 10 cm and non-parallel sides
are 14 cm and 13 cm.
The sides of a triangular park are 8 m, 10 m and
6 m respectively. A small circular area of diameter
2 m is to be left out and the remaining area is to
be used for growing roses. How much area is used
for growing roses ? (use p
= 3.14)
The perimeter of a triangular ground is 900m and
its sides are in the ratio 3 : 5 : 4. u sing Herons
formula, find the area of the ground.
The sides of a triangle are in the ratio 4 : 5 : 5
and its perimeter is 168 m. Find the area of the
triangle.
Find the perimeter of an isosceles right triangle
having an area of 200 cm2.
Two sides of a triangle are 8 cm and 11 cm
and its perimeter is 32 cm. Find the area of the
triangle.
The base of an isosceles triangle measures 24 cm
and its area is 60 cm2. Find its perimeter.

(a) ? =+
s ( s a) ( s +
b) ( s +
c)
(b) ? =
( s - a ) ( s - b) ( s - c )
(c) ? =s ( s a ) ( s - b) ( s - c), s =
a+
b+
c
(d) ? =s ( s a ) ( s - b) ( s - c), 2 s =
a+
b+
c
2.

The semi perimeter of a triangle having the length


of its sides as 20 cm, 15 cm and 9 cm is :
(a) 44 cm

(b) 21 cm

( c) 22 cm

(d) none

3.

An isosceles triangle has perimeter 30 cm and


each of the equal sides is 12 cm. Find area of the
triangle.

4.

Find the area of an equilateral triangle with side


10 cm.

5.

The sides of a triangular ground are 5 m, 7 m and


8 m respectively. Find the cost of levelling the ground
1.73)
at the rate of Rs 10 per m2. (use 3 =

6.

The perimeter of a right triangle is 24 cm. If its


hypotenuseis10cm, find its area.
Find the area of a quadrilateral ABCD whose sides
AB = 13 cm, BC = 12 cm, CD = 9 cm, DA = 14 cm
and diagonal BD = 15 cm.
The unequal side of an isosceles triangle is 6 cm and
its perimeter is 24 cm. Find its area.
The sides of a triangle are in the ratio 3 : 5 : 7 and
itss perimeter is 300 m. Find its area.
A triangular park has sides 120 m, 80 m and 50
m. A gardener has to put a fence all around it
and also plant grass inside. How much area
does he need to plant ? Find the cost of
fencing it with barbed wire at the rate of Rs 20
per metre leaving a space 3 m wide for a gate
on one side.

7.

8.
9.
10.

11.

Find the area of the triangle whose two sides are


of measures 13 cm and 14 cm and perimeter is
42 cm.

12.

Sides of a triangle are in the ratio 13 : 14 :


15 and its perimeter is 84 cm. Find its area.

13.

Find the area of a triangular park, two sides of


which are 18 m and 10 m and the perimeter is
42 m.

14. The adjacent sides of a parallelogram ABCD


measure 34 cm and 20 cm and the diagonal AC
measures 42 cm. Find the area of the
parallelogram.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.
23.

24.
25.
26.

Find the area of a triangle whose sides are 6.5 cm,


7 cm and 7.5 cm.
Find the area of a rhombus whose perimeter is
200 m and one of the diagonals is 80 m.

A triangle and a parallelogram have the same


base and the same area. If the sides of the
triangle are 15 cm, 14 cm and 13 cm and the
parallelogram stands on the base 15 cm, fnd
the height of parallelogram.
28. A triangular park in a city has dimensions 30m
26 m 28 m. A gardener has to plant grass
inside the park at Rs 1.50 per m2. Find the
amount to be paid to the gardener.
29. A garden is in the shape of a quadrilateral. The
sides of the garden are 9m, 40 m, 28 m and 15 m
respectively in consecutive order and the angle between
first two sides is a right angle. Find the
area of the garden.
27.

LINES and ANGLES


CLASS IX
Questions From CBSE Examination Papers
1.

In the given figure, the value of x which makes


POQ a straight line is:

6.

7.

(a) 35
2.

(c) 25

(b) 75, 15

(c) 12, 60

(d) 60, 12

In the given figure, l || m || n, If x : y = 5 : 4, then


the measure of angle z is :

(d) 40

(b) 72

(c) 90

(d) 88

a:
b= 2 : 3,
In the figure, if m||n and
h is :
then measure of

(a) 40
8.

9.

(a) 72
4.

(a) 15, 75

The angle which is equal to 8 times its complement


is :
(a) 80

3.

(b) 30

The complementary angles are in the ratio 1 : 5.


Find the measures of the angles :

(b) 108

(c) 120

(d) 150

In the figure, value of x is :

10.

(a) 50
5.

(b) 40

(c) 60

(c) 90

(d) 80

The complement of an angle m is :


(a) m

(b) 90 + m

(c) 90 m

(d) m 90

If the measure of an angle is twice the measure of


its supplementary angle, then the measure of the
angle is :
(a) 60

(b) 90

(c) 120

(d) 130

If two interior angles on the same side of a


transversal intersecting two parallel lines are in
the ratio 2 : 3, then the larger of two angles is :
(a) 72

11.

(b) 50

(b) 108

(c) 54

(d) 36

In the given figure, if PQ||RS, then the measure


of m is :

(d) 70

An exterior angle of a triangle is 80 and the interior


opposite angles are in the ratio 1 : 3. Measure of
each interior opposite angle is :
(a) 30, 90

(b) 40, 120

(c) 20 , 60

(d) 30, 60

(a) 110

(b) 100

(c) 90

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(d) 137

12.

In the given figure, PQ||RS and EF||QS. If

PQS=60,then the measure of

RFE is :

18.

In the figure, the value of x is :

(a) 30
19.
(a) 115
13.

(b) 120

(c) 60

(d) 180
20.

(a) 35
14.

(b) 40

(c) 60

15.

16.

(b) 100
(d) 140

(b) 30

(c) 90

(d) 180

In the figure, valueof x is :

(a) 20
21.

(c) 120

(d) 40

(d) 75

In the figure, AB and CD are parallel to each other.


The value of x is :

(a) 90

(c) 20

Measure of an angle which is supplement to itself


is :
(a) 45

In the figure, AB||CD,the value of x is :

(b) 10

(b) 40

(c) 30

(d) 50

Given lines l1, l2 and l3in figure areparallel.The


value of x is :

Find the measure of the angle which is complement


of it self.
(a) 30

(b) 90

(c) 45

(d) 180

(a) 40
22.

Two lines are respectively perpendicular to two


perpendicular lines. Then these two lines to each
other are :
(a) parallel

(c) 50

(d) 80

The complement of (90 a) is :


(a) a

23.

(b) 140

(b) 90 + a (c) 90 a (d) a

In the figure, AB||CD and t is a transversal, the


value of x is equal to :

(b) perpendicular
(c) inclined at same acute angle
(d) intersecting at 110
17.

In the figure, lines AB and CD intersect at O. If

AOD :
DOB = 4 : 5, then
COB is :

(a) 50

(a) 80

(b) 100

(c) 90

(d) 70

(b) 70

(c) 35

(d) 20

24.

If l, m, n are lines in the same plane such that l


intersects m and n||m, then l and n are :

29.

In the given figure, the measure of


ABC is :

(a) parallel
(b) intersecting
(c) always perpendicular
(d) always intersecting at 60
25.

26.

If two supplementary angles are in the ratio 2 : 7,


then the angles are :
(a) 35 145

(b) 70, 110

(c) 40 , 140

(d) 50, 130

(a) 80

From thefigure, identify the incorrect statement, given


that l ||m and t is the transversal.

30.

(a)
2 and
5 are supplementary

31.

(b)
2 and
3 are supplementary

27.

(c) 100

(d) 60

In the figure, if x, y and z are exterior angles


of D
ABC, then x + y + z is :

(a) 180
(b) 360
(c) 270
(d) 90
The angles of a triangle are in the ratio 2 : 3 : 4.
The angles are :

(c)
2 and
8 are supplementary

(a) 20, 60 , 80

(b) 80, 40, 60

(d)
2 and
1 are supplementary

(c) 40, 60 , 80

(d) 60, 40, 80

In the figure, PQ||RS,


QPR=70,
ROT = 20.
Find the value of x.

32.

In a triangle ABC, if
A = 53 and
C = 44,
then the value of
B is :
(a) 73

33.

(a) 20
28.

(b) 20

(b) 70

(c) 110

(c) 40

(d) 46

In the figure, the value of(


x+
y) is :

(a) 80
34.

(b) 30

(c) 93

(d) 50

In the figure, l1||l2. The value of x is :

(a) 70

(b) 83

(b) 100

(c) 120

In the figure, if AB=AC, find

(d) 60

x.

(d) 50
(a) 55

(b) 110

(c) 50

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(d) 70

35.

(a) 120
36.

(b) 130

38.

(c) 80

42.

In the figure, if PQ||RS,


PAB=60 and
=117,then find (x y).

ACS

43.

If x + y = s + w, prove that AOB is a straight


line.

44.

In the figure,find the values of x and y.

45.

In the figure, OA,OB are opposite rays and


AOC
+
BOD = 90. Find COD.

46.

In the figure, if a ray OC stands on line AB such


that
AOC =
COB, then show that
AOC =
90.

(d) 50

(a) 30, 90

(b) 40, 120

(c) 20 , 60

(d) 30, 60

In the figure, the value of y is :

(b) 32

(c) 36

(d) 44

In the figure, l1||l2, the value of x is :

(a) 80
40.

(b) 70

In the figure, PQ||SR,


SQR=25,
QRT=65,
find x and y :

(d) 100

An exterior angle of a triangle is 80 and the interior


opposite angles are in the ratio 1 : 3. Measure of
each interior opposite angle is :

(a) 28
39.

(c) 110

In the figure, measure of


ABC is :

(a) 60
37.

41.

In the figure,the value of x is :

(b) 100

(c) 110

(d) 70

In the figure, ray OC stands on the lineAB, ray


OL and ray OM are angle bisectors of
AOC and

BOC respectively. Prove that


LOM = 90.

47.

If two lines are perpendicular to the same line,


prove that they are parallel to each other.

48.

In the figure, if AB||CD, then find


PQR.

49.

50.

If OA, OB, OC and OD are the rays such that

AOB =
COD = 150,
BOC = 30 and
AOD
= 30. Is it true that AOC and BOD are straight
lines ? Justify your answer.

55.

Lines PQ and RS intersecteachotheratpointO.


ROQ = 5:7,find all the remaining
If
POR:
angles.

56.

In the figure, lines l and m intersect each other


at O. If x=40,then fnd the values of
y, z and
w.

57.

If l, m, n are three lines such that l || m and n ^


l,
then prove that n ^
m.

58.

In the figure, find the values of x and y and then


show that AB||CD.

59.

In the figure, PQ||RS,


PAB=80and
120. Find the value of x.

In the figure, if AB||DE, then find the measure of

BCD.

In the figure, OQ bisects


AOB. OP is a ray
oppositetoray OQ. Prove that
POA=
POB.

51.

In the figure, fnd x and y and then show that


AB||CD.

52.

In the figure, AB||DE,


ABC = 75 and
CDE
=145,then find
BCD.

53.

54.

In the figure, PQ||RS,


PAB=70and
100. Find the value of x.

ACS =

ACS =
60.

If the complement of an angle is one-third of its


supplement, find the angle.

61.

In. the figure, if AB||CD, then fnd the value of


x

62.

In the figure, if
PQR=
PRQ,then prove that

PQS=
PRT.

63.

In the figure, x = 61 and y = 118. Is m||n ?

68.

In the figure, find the value of


QP||TR.

69.

In the figure, prove that AB||EF.

QRP when

`
64.

In the figure, if x
y = w + z, then prove that
AOB is a line.

65.

In the figure,
POQ and
ROQ form a linear
pair. Find the measure of x.

66.

67.

70.

In the given figure, if l || m, then find the value


of x.

71.

AB and CD are the bisectors of the two alternate


interior angles formed by the intersection of a
transversal t with parallel lines l and m (shown
in the figure). Show that AB||CD.

72.

In the figure, if y = 20, prove that the line AOB


is a straight line.

In the figure, AB||CD, find the value of x.

In the figure, find the value of x.

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73. In the figure, ray OS standson a line POQ. Ray


OR and ray OT are angle bisectors of
POSand

SOQ respectively. If
POS= x, find
ROT.

74.

In the figure, if AB||CD,


PRD
APQ =50and
=127, find x and y.

75.

Prove that if two lines intersect, the vertically


opposite angles are equal.

76.

In the figure, if PQ||RS and


PXM = 50 and

MYS=120,find the value of x.

77.

In the figure, l1 || l2 and m1 || m2

80.

In the figure, AB||CD, CD||EF and y : z = 3 : 7,


find the measures of x, y and z.

81.

In the figure, AB||CD and CD||EF. Also EA ^


AB.
If
BEF=55, find the values of x, y and z.

82.

In the figure, if AB||CD,


FAE = 90 and
AFE
=40, then find
ECD.

83.

In the figure, PQ||RS and T is any point as shown


in the figure, then show that
PQT +
QTS +

RST = 360.

84.

In the figure,POQ is a line, ray OR is perpendicular


to line PQ.OS is another ray lying between rays
1
OP and OR. Prove that
ROS = (
QOS
POS)
2

2 = 180
Prove that
1 +

78.

In the figure, if x : y=3:7,then find the values


of x, y, z and w.

79.

In the figure, lines AB and CD are parallel and


P is any point between the two lines. Prove that

DPB= x + y.

85.

In the figure, l1 || l2 and a1 || a2. Find the value of x.

86.

In the figure,find the value of x

87.

In the figure,prove that l || m.

88.

89.

90.

In the figure, OP bisects


AOC, OQ bisects
BOC
and OP ^
OQ. Show that points A, O and B are
collinear.

91.

P is a point equidistant from two lines l and m


intersecting at a point A. Show that AP bisects the
angle between them.

92.

In the figure, two straight lines AB and CD intersect


each other at O. If
COE=70,find the values of
a , b and c.

93.

1 +
2
3=
In the figure, l || m, show that
180

In the figure, prove that AB||EF.

In the figure, show that AB||EF.

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Triangles
CLASS IX
Questions From CBSE Examination Papers
1. In
ABC,
C =
A and BC = 6 cm and
AC = 5 cm. Then the length of AB is :
(a) 6 cm (b) 5 cm
(c) 3 cm
(d) 2.5 cm

10. In triangles ABC and DEF, AB = DE, BC = EF


and
A=
D. Are the triangles congruent ? If
yes, by which congruency rule ?

2. In
PQR,
P = 60,
Q = 50. Which side of
the triangle is the longest ?
(a) PQ
(b) QR
(c) PR
(d) none

(a) yes, by SAS

(b) no

(c) yes, by SSS

(d) yes, by RHS

11. In the figure, if OA = OB, OD = OC, then


AOD
3. In
ABC and
PQR, AB = PR and
A=
P.

AOD ?
BOC by congurence rule :
The two triangles will be congruent by SAS axiom
C
B
if :
(a) BC = QR
(b) AC = PQ
(c) AC = QR
(d) BC = PR
O

4. In
ABC,
A = 50,
B = 60, arranging the
sides of the triangle in ascending order, we get :
(a) AB < BC < CA
(b) CA < AB < BC
(c) BC < CA < AB
5.

(d) BC < AB < CA

ABC ?
PQR. If AB = 5 cm,
B = 40 and

A = 80, then which of the following is true ?


(a) QP = 5 cm,
P = 60
(b) QP = 5 cm,
R = 60
(c) QR = 5 cm,
R = 80
(d) QR = 5 cm,
Q = 40

6. If E is a point on side QR of
PQR such that PE
bisects
PQR, then :
(a) QE = ER
(b) QP > QE
(c) QE > QP
(d) ER > RP
7. In
ABC if AB = BC, then :
(a)
B>
C
(b)
A=
C
(c)
A=
B
(d)
A < RP
8. If
ABC ?
DEF by SSS congruence rule
then :
(a) AB = EF, BC = FD, CA = DE
(b) AB = FD, BC = DE, CA = EF
(c) AB = DE, BC = EF, CA = FD
(d) AB = DE, BC = EF,
C=
F
9. For the given triangle PQR, which of the following
is true ?
125

(a) SSS

(b) ASA

(c) SAS

(d) RHS

12. In right triangle DEF, if


E = 90, then :
(a) DF is the shortest side
(b) DF is the longest side
(c) EF is the longest side
(d) DE is the longest side
13. If one angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of
the other two angles, then the triangle is :
(a) an isosceles triangle
(b) an obtuse angled triangle
(c) an equilateral triangle
(d) a right triangle
14. Two equilateral triangles are congurent when :
(a) their angles are equal
(b) their sides are equal
(c) their sides are proportional
(d) their areas are proportional
15.

ABC ?
PQR. If AB = 5 cm,
B = 40 and

A = 80, then which of the following is true?


(a) QP = 5 cm,
P = 60
(b) QP = 5 cm,
R = 60
(c) QR = 5 cm,
R = 60

R
100

(a) PQ = QR
(c) PQ < QR

(b) PQ > QR
(d)
P<
Q

(d) QR = 5 cm,
Q = 40
16. One of the angles of a triangle is 75. If the
difference of the other two angles is 35, then the
largest angle of the triangle has a measure of :
(a) 80

(b) 75

(c) 100

(d) 135

17. In the figure, if AB = AC and AP = AQ, then by


which congruence criterion
PBC ?
QCB?

22. In the figure, which of the following statements is


true ?
A

16cm

(a) SSS

(b) ASA

(c) SAS

(d) RHS

18. In the figure, in


ABC, AB = AC. The value of
x is :
A
80

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

15cm

19cm

B=
C

B is the greatest angle in triangle

B is the smallest angle in triangle

A is the smallest angle in triangle

23. It is not possible to construct a triangle when its


sides are :
(a) 8.3 cm, 3.4 cm, 6.1 cm
(b) 5.4 cm, 2.3 cm, 3.1 cm
(c) 6 cm, 7 cm, 10 cm
(d) 3 cm, 5 cm, 5 cm
ABC ?
24. If
PQR, then which of the following is
true ?

(a) AB = RP

(a) 80

(b) 100

(c) 130

(d) 120

19. Given
OAP?
OBP in the figure. The criteria
by which the triangles are congruent is :

(b) CA = RP

(c) AC = RQ
(d) CB = QP
25. In the given figure, AD is the median, then
BAD
is :
A

40
B

(a) 55

(a) SAS
(b) SSS
(c) RHS
(d) ASA
20. In the figure, ABCD is a quadrilateral in which
AB = BC and AD = DC. Measure of
BCD is :

(b) 50

(c) 100

(d) 40

26. In the figure, PR = QR,


PRA =
QRB and

BPR =
AQR. Prove that BP = QA.
A
B

108

42

(b) 30

27. In the figure,


ABD and
BCD are isosceles
triangle on the same base BD.
Prove that
ABC =

ADC.

(a) 150

(c) 105

(d) 72

21. In
AOC and
XYZ,
A=
X, AO = XZ,
AC = XY, then by which congruence rule

AOC ?
XZY?
(a) SAS
(b) ASA
(c) SSS
(d) RHS

28. In the fgure, ACBD is a quadrilateral with


AC = AD and AB bisects
A. Show that

ABC?
ABD.
What can you say about BC and BD ?

38.

In
ABC, AB = AC. D is a point inside
ABC such
that BD = DC. Prove that
ABD =
ACD.
A

D
A

B
B

39.
D

29. In a
ABC, if AB = AC,
A = 100, then fnd

B and
C.

In the figure, X and Y are two points on equal sides


AB and AC of a
ABC such that AX = AY.
Prove that XC = YB.

30. Prove that each angle of an equilateral angle is


60.

31. In
ABC, AD is perpendicular bisector of BC.
Show that ? ABC is an isosceles triangle in which
AB = AC.

32. Prove that in an isosceles triangle, angles opposite


to equal sides are equal.
33. In
ABC,
A = 60,
B = 40. Which side of
this triangle is the smallest? Give reasons for your
answer.

40.

In the figure, D is the mid-point of base BC, DE and


DF are perpendiculars to AB and AC respectively
such that DE = DF. Prove that
B=
C.

34. In the figure, AX = BY and AX||BY, prove that

APX ?
BPY.

X
P

E
A

Y
B

35. PS is an altitude of an isosceles triangle PQR in


41.
which PQ = PR. Show that PS bisects
P.
36. In a
DEF, if
D = 30,
E = 60, then which
side of the triangle is longest and which side is
shortest ?
37. In the figure,
ABD =
ACE and AB = AC.
Prove that
ACE.
ABD ?

In the figure, ABCD is a square and P is the


midpoint of AD. BP and CP are joined. Prove that

PCB =
PBC.
A

P
C

42.

In the figure, the diagonal AC of quadrilateral


ABCD bisects
BAD and
BCD.
Prove that BC = CD.
D
C
A
B

43.

In the figure,
B<
A and
C<
D. Show that
AD < BC.
D
B

C = 90, M is midpoint of
53. In right triangle ABC,
hypotenuse AB. C is joined to M and produced to
a point D such that DM = CM. Point D is joined
to point B. Show that :
(I)
AMC ?
BMD
(ii)
DBC =
ACB
PQR.
54. In the figure, PR > PQ and PS bisects
Prove that
PSR >
PSQ.

O
A

44.

Prove that an equilateral triangle can be constructed


on any given line segment.

45.

In the figure, AB > AC,


BO and CO are the
bisectors of
B and
C
respectively. Show that
OB > OC.

46.

47.

A
Q

55. AD is an altitude of an isosceles triangle ABC in


which AB = AC. Show that AD is also the median
of the triangle.
B
C
ABC and
DBC are two isosceles
56. In the figure,
triangles on the same base BC and the vertices A
Two sides AB and BC and median AM of
ABC
and D are on the same side of BC. AD is extended
are respectively equal to the sides PQ and QR
to meet BC at P. Prove that AP bisects
A.
and median PN of
QR.
Show that
ABM ?
PQN.
A

In the figure, D is any point on the base BC


produced of an isosceles triangle
ABC.
Prove that AD > AB.
A

48.

In an isosceles triangle ABC with AB = AC, BD


and CE are two medians. Prove that BD = CE.

49.

In the figure, if PS = PR,


TPS =
QPR, then
prove that PT = PQ.
T

57. In the figure, the perpendiculars AD, BE and CF


drawn from the vertices A, B and C respectively
of
ABC are equal. Prove that the triangle is an
equilateral triangle.
A

Q
B

50.

In
ABC, BD and CE are two altitudes such that
BD = CE. Prove that
ABC is isosceles.

51.

If
ABC is an isosceles triangle with AB = AC,
prove that the perpendiculars from the vertices B
and C to their opposite sides are equal.
D is a point on side BC of
ABC such that
AD = AC. Show that AB > AD.

52.

58. Prove that medians of an equilateral triangle are


equal.
59. In the figure, line segment AB||CD and O is the
mid point of AD. Show that :
(I)
AOB ?
DOC.
(ii) O is also the mid point of BC.
C

60.

In the figure, AD and BC are equal and


perpendiculars to the same line segment AB. Show
that CD bisects AB.

66.

In the figure,
B=
C and AB = AC. Prove that
BE = CF.

67.

In the figure,
ABC and
DBC are two isosceles
triangles on the same base BC and vertices A and
D are on the same side of BC. If AD is produced
to intersect BC at P, then show that AP is the
perpendicular bisector of BC.

61.

In the figure, BD and CE are two altitudes of

ABC such that BD = CE. Prove that


ABC is
isosceles.

62.
63.

Show that in a right angled triangle the hypotenuse


is the longest side.
In the figure, if
a >
b, then prove that
PQ > PR.

68.

In the figure,
LMN is an isosceles triangle with
LM = LN and LP bisects
NLQ. Prove that
LP||MN.
Q
P

64. In the figure, in


ABC, D is any point in the interior
of
ABC such that
DBC =
DCB and AB = AC.
Prove that AD bisects
BAC.

69.

In the figure,
QPR =
PQR and M and N are
points respectively on sides QR and PR of
PQR
such that QM = PN. Prove that OP = OQ; where
O is the point of intersection of PM and QN.
R

M
O

65.

In the figure, D and E are points on the base BC


of a
ABC such that BD = CE and AD = AE.
Prove that
ABE ?
ACD.

70.

In the figure,
ABC is an isosceles triangle in which
AB = AC, side BA is produced to D such that AD
AD = AB. Show that
BCD is a right angle.
D

B
B

71.

In the figure, D is a point on side BC of


ABC
such that AD = AC. Show that AB > AD.

77. In the figure, show that


2(AC + BD) > (AB + BC + CD + DA)
D

A
O

A
B

72.

In the
ABC, BE and CF are altitudes on the sides
AC and AB respectively such that BE = CF. Using
RHS congruency rule, prove that AB = AC.
B
D

O
E

y
C

73.

79. O is a point in the interior of


PQR. Prove that
1
OP + OQ + OR >
(PQ + QR + PR).
2
80.

78. In the figure, if


x =
y and AB = AC, then prove
that AD = AE.

In the figure, AC = AE, AB = AD and


BAD =

EAC. Show that BC = DE.

In an isosceles triangle ABC with AB = AC, the


bisector of
B and
C intersect each other at O.
Join A to O. Show that :
(i) OB = OC
(ii) AO bisects
A

81. Show that perimeter of a triangle is greater than


the sum of its medians.
82.

In the figure,
BCD =
ADC and
ACB =
BDA.
Prove that AD = BC and
A =
B.
A

74.

In the figure, AB is a line segment. P and Q are


points on opposite sides of AB such that each of
them is equidistant from the points A and B. Show
that the line PQ is perpendicular bisector of AB.
P

83. AB and CD are respectively the smallest and the


longest sides of a quadrilateral ABCD as shown in
the figure. Prove that
A>
C and
B>
D.
D

B
A

B
Q

75.

In
s ABC and PQR, AB = PQ, AC = PR and
altitude AM and altitude PN are equal. Show that

ABC ?
PQR.

76.

Prove that the sum of any two sides of a triangle


is greater than twice the length of median drawn
to the third side.

84. In the figure, if two isosceles triangles have a


common base, prove that the line segment joining
their vertices bisects the common base at right
angles.
A

85.

In the figure, AD is a median of


ABC and BL
and CM are perpendiculars drawn from B and C
on AD and AD produced respectively. Prove that
BL = CM.

92.

In the figure,
QPR =
PQR and M and N are
respectively points on sides QR and PR of
PQR,
such that QM = PN. Prove that OP = OQ, where
O is the point of intersection of PM and QN.

A
R
L
B

M
O

M
Q

86.

87.

88.

Prove that two triangles are congruent if any two


93.
angles and the included side of one triangle is
equal to any two angles and the included side of
the other triangle.
In a triangle ABC, AB = AC, E is the mid point
of AB and F is the mid point of AC. Show that
BF = CE.
In the figure, AC = BC,
DCA =
ECB and

DBC =
EAC. Prove that (i)
DBC ?
EAC;
(ii) DC = EC and BD = AE.
D

90.

(i)
ADE ?
BCE, (ii) AE = BE, (iii)
DAE = 15.
E

89.

In the figure, ABCD is a square and


DEC is an
equilateral triangle. Prove that :

In
ABC, AB = AC, and the bisectors of
B and

C intersect at point O. Prove that BO = CO and 94.


the ray AO is the bisector of
BAC.

In the figure, S is any point in the interior of


PQR.
Show that SQ + SR < PQ + PR.
P

In the figure, BA||PQ, CA||RS and BP = RC. Prove


that (i) BS = PQ; (ii) RS = CQ.
S

A
S

95.

In the figure, PQ and RS are perpendicular to QS,


QA = BS and PB = AR.
Prove that
QPB =
SRA.
R

P
B

91.

In a right triangle ABC, right angled at C, M is the


mid point of hypotenuse AB. C is joined to M and
produced to a point D such that DM = CM. Point
D is joined to point B. Show that :
(I)
AMC ?
BMD (ii)
DBC = 90
(iii)
DBC ?
ACB
D

96.

In figure, AP and DP are bisectors of two adjacent


angles A and D of a quadrilateral ABCD. Prove
that 2
APD =
B+
C.
B

A
P

M
D
B

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