Important Questions / Chapterwise Assignment
Summative Assessment1
CLASS IX
MATHEMATICS
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Number System
CLASS IX
Questions From CBSE Examination Papers
1.
Which one of the following is an irrational
number ?
.
(a) 0.14
(b) 01416
(c) 0.1416
2.
3.
4 3
2
22 is equal to:
(b) 2  6
(c) 2
14.
(d) 26
Which of the following is a rational number ?
(a)
p
is :
15.
(b) an integer
( c) an irrational number (d) a whole number
5.
The value of
(a)
1
28 2
1
72
1
82
(b)
(c) 14 2
(d) 42 2
16.
6.
2
6
7
6
1
and
2
2
(d) and
3
when simplified
5+
8)
+
3  2)
 (
2  6)
(
(
An irrational number between
(a) 0.75
(a) nonterminating
(c) 0.750750075000...
17.
(d) terminating
1
(a)
8
9.
The valueof
1
(b)
2
1
(d)
64
(c) 8
The simplest rationalisation factor of
18.
10.
(c) 50
7
(b)
9
The valueof
(a) 1
12.
(d)
50
The sum of 0.3 and 0.4 is :
7
(a)
10
11.
(b)
216 
(b) 0
54
is :
250
9
3
(a)
(b)
25
5
7
(c)
99
3
7
(d)
11
20.
125 is :
(c) 2
(d) 1
21.
(c)
27
125
(d)
2
5
(b) 4
Simplify :
(a) 13
19.
(a) 5 2
1
13
13
50 is :
6
(d) 0.7512
Simplfied value of (
16
) 4 4 16 is :
(a) 16
(64)  2 is :
5
7
and
is :
7
9
(b)
(b) nonterminating and repeating
7.
2
1
4
3
(b)
A number is irrational if and only if its decimal
representation is :
(c) nonterminating and nonrepeating
2
5
and are :
3
3
is :
(a) positive andirrational
(b) negative andirrational
(c) positive andrational
(d) negative andrational
is :
1
56 2
Two rational numbers between
1
and
6
5
and
(c)
6
(d) 0.853853853....
(a) a rational number
positive and irrational
positive and rational
negative and irrational
negative and rational
(a)
(b) p
(c) 0.101001000100001..
4.
when simplifed is:
 2  3)
2 +
3)
(
(
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(d) 0.4014001400014...
The valueof
(a)
13.
15
1
1
(c) 1
(d) 0
5
3
(b) 13
15
(c) 13
2
(d) 13
15
Add 5 2 +
3 3 and 2 2  5 3.
(a) 7 2  2 3
(b) 6 2  3 3
(c) 6 2  8 3
(d) 6 2 +
8 3
Which of the following numbers is an irrational
number ?
(a)
16  4
(c)
5+
3
3 +3 )
( 3)
(
(b) 3 
(d)  25
When 15 15 is divided by 3 3 ,the quotient is:
(a) 5 3
(b) 3 5
(c) 5 5
(d) 3 3
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22.
A rational number lying between
(a)
(c) 1.6
23.
If
2+ 3
2
(b)
2 and 3 is:
38.
39.
(d)1.9
x is an irrational number, then x is :
40.
(a) rational
24.
(c) 0
(d) real
Which of the following is the value of
11  7
11 +7 ?
25.
)
(
(a) 4
(b) 4
(c) 11
(d) 7
The sum of the digits of a number is subtracted
from the number, there sulting number is always
divisibleby:
(a) 2
26.
(b) irrational
(b) 5
(c) 8
(d) 9
1
3146
.
1732
.

(d)
1414
.
27.
Express the numbers 0.53 in the form of
28.
where q0.
1
4
Find 4 rational numbers between and .
3
5
4
p
,
q
3 x
29.
Find the value of x if 2
2=
(2 ) .
30.
Represent
31.
Let x and y be rational and irrational numbers,
respectively. Is x + y necessarily an irrational
number ? Give an example in support of your
answer.
32.
Simplify :
5 on the number line.
1
93

3
4
27 2
1
6
81  8 3 216 ++
15 5 32
225.
Simplify
34.
Let a be a rational number and b be an irrational
number. Is ab necessarily an irrational ? Justify
youranswerwithanexample.
p
Find two rational numbers in the form
between
q
0.343443444344443...and0.363663666366663...
36.
37.
4 3
43.
45.
Simplify
x 2 and express the result in the
exponential form of x.
Find four rational numbers between 3 and 5 .
7
7
3
indecimal form and say what kind of
13
decimal expansion it has.
1
3+
2 2, check whether x +
If x =
is rational
x
or irrational.
5
Express
with rational denominator.
7 2
Write
1
1
and .
Find three rational numbers between
3
2
How many rational numbers can be determined
between these two numbers ?
Find a point corresponding to 3 +
2 on the
number line.
3
5
and .
Find three rational numbers between
7
11
How many rational numbers can be determined
lying between these numbers?
1
1
+ .
Find the simplifed valueof
5 2 3 5+
2 3
46.
Rationalise the denominator of
47.
Express
48.
Prove that
49.
Find thevalueof:
2
.
5+
3
2
with rational denominator.
11 +
7
2
3  7)
is an irrational number.
(
4
2
3
216
(
)
3
256 4
(
)
5
+ =
3+
b 5 , find a and b.
3+
5
3 5
50.
If
51.
Locate
17 on the number line.
52.
Locate
4.5 on the number line.
53.
33
33.
35.
42.
44.
If 3 =
1.732 and 2 =
1.414, t h e v a l u e o f
1
is :
3 2
(a) 0.318
(b) 3.146
(c)
41.
p
Express 1323
.
in the form , where p and q are
q
integers q 0.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
5+
2 3
=
a+
b 3 ,then find the values of a
7+
4 3
and b.
3 2
4 3
.
Simplify :
6 3
6+
2
If
31
3+
2 2
If x = and y = ,then, find the value
3+
1
3 2 2
of x + y.
Simplify the following by rationalisin the
6 4 3
.
denominator :
6+
4 3
p
Express 3.425 in the form
, where p and q are
q
integers, q
0.
If
31
=
a+
b 3 , find the values of a and b.
3+
1
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59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
3 5
3+
5
2
2
If a = and b = , find a  b .
3+
5
3 5
Simplify the following by rationalising the
3
2
+
.
denominators :
4 5 3 4 5+
3
2
5+
1
+
5+
1
51
66.
79.
If 2 =
1.414, 3 =
1.732, then find the value of
4
3
+
.
3 3+
2 2 3 3 2 2
If
5+
3
=
a+
b 3 ,find rationalnumbers a and b.
5 3
Simplify : 12 18  6 20  3 50 +
8 45.
68.
5 2
5+
2
If x = and y =
, find the value
5+
2
5 2
2
69.
70.
71.
72.
74.
3+
2
3 2
If x = and y = , then find the
3 2
3+
2
2
2
valueof x +
y  10 xy.
Find the square root of 4.2 geometrically.
75.
If
76.
1
If x =
.
13  2 3, find the value of x +
x
73.
3+
2
=
a+
b 6 , then find the values of a & b.
3 2
31
2+
3
If x = and y = ,then find the value
3+
1
2 3
of x + y.
1
1
+ =
 1+
3.
Show that
1+
2
2+
3
Simplify the following into a fraction with rational
denominator.
1
5+
6  11
82.
Write the following in the ascending order of their
magnitude. 4 3 , 3 2 , 3 4
83.
Find the square root of 4.5 geometrically.
1
Express
with rational denominator.
1+
2 3
84.
85.
Simplify
86.
Simplify :
87.
88.
90.
6  8)
+
3(
27  6 )
.
(
1+
2
1 2
+ .
5+
3
5 3
If a = 2, b = 3, then find the values of the
following :
(a)
89.
2+
3 2 3
+ =
a+
b 3 , find thevaluesof
If
2 3 2+
3
a and b.
Simplify the following by rationalising the
denominators.
2
1
3
+ 5+
3
2+
3
5+
2
3
Express
with rational denominator.
3 2 +
5
81.
of x +
xy +
y .
6
3 2
4 3
+ .
Simplify :
2+
3
6+
3
6+
2
1
a2
Simplify the following by rationalising the
1
2
1
.
denominators
6+
5
5+
7
7+
6
.
67.
2
If a =
3+
2 2, then find the value of a 
80.
Simplify the following by rationalising the
denominators.
51
65.
78.
=
a+
b 10 , find the values of a and b.
2+
5
3+
7 3 7
+ =
a+
b 7 , find the values of
If
3 7 3+
7
a and b.
3 5
19
=
a 5Find the value of a, if
11
3+
2 5
If
77.
a 1
a +
b
(
)
b
(
)
1
(b) a a +
bb
If (5) x  3
(3) 2 x 8=
225 , then find the value of
x.
1
1
+
=
1.
Prove that
xa  b 1 +
xb a1+
p
Express 2.025 in the form of , where p and q
q
are integers and q
0.
91.
Prove that
92.
Simplify :
2
1
+ + =
0.
2+
3
5 3 2 5
1
1
1
1
+ + + .
2+
5
5+
6
6+
7
7+
8
2 6
6 2
8 3
+ .
2+
3
6+
3
6+
2
93.
Simplify
94.
Find the values of a and b if :
7+
3 5 7 3 5
=
a+
5b
3+
5
3 5
95.
Represent
9.3 on the number line.
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POLYNOMIALS
CLASS IX
Questions From CBSE Examination Papers
1.
2.
If a polynomial f (x) is divided by x a, then
remainder is :
(a) f (0)
(b) f (a)
(c) f (a)
(d) f (a) f(0)
The coefficient of x in the product of
(x 1)(1 2x) is :
(a) 3
3.
(b) 3
(c) 2
x3
One of the factors of (
(a) x + 1 (b) x2 1
4.
Which of the following is a polynomial inx ?
1
(a) x +
(b) x2 +
x
x
(c) x ++
2 x2 1
1) (x 1) is :
(c) x 1
(d) x + 4
(b) 10
(c) 3
(d) 17
6.
b)3
The factors of (2 a
+ (b
is :
(a) (2 a b)(b 2c)(c a)
(b) 3(2a b)(b 2c)(c a)
( c)
6(2a b)(b 2c)(c a)
(d)
2a b 2 c
2c)3
16.
Which of the following is a binomial in y ?
1
+
2
(a) y2 +
2
(b) y +
y
(c)
+ 8(c a)
17.
18.
(c) x x +
x+
1
(d) x3 + 2x
a2 + b2 + c2 ab bc ca equals :
(b) 2x3 + x2 x 19
(c) ( a b + c)2
x1/3
(b) 31
y1/3
(c) 21
(d)
(d) 22
z1/3
If
+
+
= 0, then which one of the
following expressions is correct ?
19.
20.
(c) x + y + z = 3xyz
( x + 2) is a factor of 2x3 + 5x2 x k. The value
of k is :
(a) 6
(b) 24
(c) 6
15
6
(b)
17
6
(c)
1
6
(d)
13
6
1
[( a  b)2 +
(b  c) 2 +
(c  a)2 ]
2
2 is a polynomial of degree :
(b) 0
(c) 1
(d)
1
2
Which of the following is a polynomial in one
variable ?
(a) 3 x2 + x
(d) 24
What is the remainder when x3 2x2 + x + 1 is
divided by (x 1)?
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) 1
(d) 2
2
x
x
2+
+
x2 , then p(1) is :
If p ( x) =
2
3
(a)
21.
(b) (a b c)2
If x51 + 51 is divided by (x + 1), the remainder
is :
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) 49
(d) 50
(a) 2
(d) x3 + y3 + z3 = 3xyz
12.
(b) x3 + x2 + x
(c) 4 x3 + 13x 25
(b) x + y + z = 3x1/3y1/3z1/3
11.
(a) x3 + 1
(a) ( a + b + c)2
If P(x) = 7 3x + 2x2, then value of P(2) is :
1
(d) y y +
Which of the following is a trinomial in x ?
(b) x3 + x2 + x + 4
(a) x3 + y3 + z3 = 0
10.
y+
2y
(a) 4 x3 13x + 6
(a) 12
3x+
1
The remainder when x2 + 2 x + 1 is divided by
(x + 1) is :
(a) 4
(b) 0
(c) 1
(d) 2
In which of the following ( x + 2) is a factor ?
(d)
15.
(x2
One of the factors of ( x 1)
1) is :
(a) x2 1 (b) x + 1
(c) x 1
(d) x + 4
9.
14.
(d) 1
5.
8.
Zero of the polynomialp(x) where p(x) = ax, a 0
is :
1
(a) 1
(b) a
(c) 0
(d)
a
The coeffcient of x2 in (2 3x2)(x2 5) is :
(a) 17
7.
13.
(b)
3x+
4
1
(d) x +
x
The value of p for which x + p is a factor of
x2 + px + 3 p is :
(c) x3 + y3 + 7
22.
(a) 1
23.
(b) 1
(c) 3
(d) 3
The degree of the polynomial p(x) = 3 is :
(a) 3
(b) 1
(c) 0
(d) 2
24.
If
x y
+
=
 1,( x, y 0), the value of x3 y3 is :
y x
(a) 1
25.
26.
27.
(b) 1
32.
29.
30.
(b) 5
(c) 8
(d) 8
One of the factors of (16 y2 1) + (1 4y)2 is :
(a) (4 + y) (b) (4 y) (c) (4 y + 1) (d) 8 y
If x2 + kx + 6 = (x + 2)(x + 3) for all x, the value
of k is :
(a) 1
(b) 1
(c) 5
(d) 3
Zero of the zero polynomial is :
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) any real number
(d) not defned
If ( x 1) is a factor of p(x) = x2 + x + k, then
value of k is :
(b) 2
(c) 2
(d) 1
Evaluate using suitable identity (999) 3.
x2
Factorise : 3
33.
Using factor theorem, show that ( x + 1) is a factor
of x19 + 1.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
Check whether the polynomial
p(s)=3s3+s2 20s +12 is a multiple of 3 s 2.
49.
Factorise : 125 x3 + 27y3.
50.
Find the value of x3 + y3 12xy + 64 when
x + y = 4.
51.
If x = 2y + 6, then fnd the value of x3 8y3
36xy 216.
52.
Factorise : 27( x + y)3 8(x y)3.
53.
Factorise : ( x 2y)3 + (2y 3z)3 + (3z x)3.
54.
If 2 a =3+2b , prove that 8a3 8 b3 36ab = 27
55.
If a b = 7, a2 + b2 = 85, fnd a3 b3.
56.
The polynomials kx3 + 3x2 8 and 3x3 5x + k
are divided by x + 2. If the remainder in each case
is the same, fnd the value of k.
57.
Find the values of a and b so that the polynomial
x3 + 10x2 + ax + b has (x 1) and (x + 2) as
factors.
58.
Factorise : 8 x3 + y3 + 27z3 18xyz.
59.
If a2 + b2 + c2 = 90 and a + b + c = 20, then
fnd the value of ab + bc + ca.
Without actually calculating the cubes, fnd the
value of 303 + 203 503.
Evaluae (104)
Find
the
60.
x 4.
32.
34.
48.
The coeffcient of x2 in (3x2 5)(4 + 4x2) is :
(a) 3
31.
If 1 is a zero of the polynomial
p(x) = ax3  x2+ x+4 , find the : value of a
(d) 0
(1 + 3 x)3 is an example of :
(a) monomial
(b) binomial
(c) trinomial
(d) none of these
Degree of zero polynomial is :
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) any natural number (d) not defned
(a) 12
28.
(c) 1/2
47.
61.
Factorise : 64 a3 27b3 144a2b + 108ab2.
62.
Simplify : ( a + b + c ) 2 +(
+ (a + b c)2.
using suitable identity.
value
of
the
polynomial
p( z ) =
3z 2  4 z +
17 when z = 3.
Check whether the polynomial t + 1 is a factor of
4t3 + 4t2 t 1.
x 1
Factorise : x2 +
 .
4 8
1
9
1
Factorise : 27p3  p2 +
p.
216 2
4
1
If x=
is a zero of the polynomial p(x) = 27x3
3
ax2 x + 3, then fnd the value of a.
63.
64.
a b + c )2
Factorise : 4( x2 + 1)2 + 13(x2 + 1) 12.
2
1
+
2  2x  .
Factorise : x2 +
2
x
x
65.
Determine whether (3 x 2) is a factor of
3x3 + x2 20x + 12 ?
66.
Factorise:(2 x y z)3 + (2y z x)3 + (2z x y)3.
67.
If a + b = 11, a2 + b2 = 61, fnd a3 + b3.
40.
If 2 x + 3y = 8 and xy = 4, then fnd the value of
4x2 + 9y2.
68.
a2 +
b2 +
c2 =
30 and a +
b+
c=
10, then fnd the
value of ab +
bc +
ca.
41.
Check whether the polynomial 3 x 1 is a factor
of 9x3 3x2 + 3x 1.
Using factor theorem, show that (2 x + 1) is a factor
of 2x3 + 3x2 11x 6.
69.
Using suitable identity evaluate :
(42)3  (18)3  (24)3 .
70.
Find the values of p and q, if the polynomial
x4 +px 3 + 2x2 3x + q is divisible by the polynomial
x2 1.
71.
Simplify ( x + y + z)2 (x + y z)2.
72.
Factorise 9x2 + y2 + z2 6xy + 2yz 6zx. Hence
fnd its value if x = 1, y = 2 and z = 1.
42.
43.
Check whether (x +1) isa factor of x3 + x+ x2 +1
44.
Find the value of
a if (x 1) is a factor of
2 x2 +
ax +
2.
45.
Factorise : 7 2x2  10 x  4 2 .
46.
If a + b + c = 7 and ab + bc + ca = 20, fnd the
value of a2 + b2 + c2.
73.
Find the value of a3 + b3 + 6ab 8 when a + b =2
74.
If x + y + z = 9, then fnd the value of (3 x)3
+ (3 y)3 + (3 z )3 3(3 x)(3 y)(3 z).
75.
1
x3 +
y3 +
z3  3 xy =
(x+
y+
z)
2
[( x  y)2 +
( y  z) 2 +
( z  x)2 ].
95.
Verify :
If x 3 is a factor of x2 kx + 12, then fnd the
value of k. Also, fnd the other factor for this value
of k.
96.
2
2 3
(b2  c2 ) 3 +
(c2  a2 )3
Simplify : (a  b ) +
.
(a  b)3 +
(b  c) 3 +
(c  a)3
76.
Find the value of x3 + y3 + 9xy 27, if x + y =3
97.
Prove that : 2 x3 + 2y3 + 2z3 6xyz = (x + y + z)
77.
If a + b + c = 6, then find the value of (2 a)3
+ (2 b)3 + (2 c)3 3(2 a)(2 b)(2 c).
78.
79.
80.
81.
If a2 + b2 + c2 = 250 and ab + bc + ca = 3,
find a + b + c.
1
1
3
.
If x +
=
7, then find the value of x +
x
x3
1
1
3
If x  =
3, then fnd the value of x  3 .
x
x
3
2
If ax + bx + x 6 has (x + 2) as a factor and
leaves a remainder 4 when divided by x 2, fnd
the values of a and b.
82.
Factorise : 2 x3 x2 13x 6.
83.
Factorise : a3(b c)3 + b3(c a)3 + c3(a b)3.
84.
If p = 4 q, prove that p3 + q3 + 12pq = 64.
85.
Find the value of k so that 2x 1 be a factor of
8x4 + 4x3 16x2 + 10x + k.
86.
x4
ax + 8
x3
x2
98.
Using factor theorem show that x2 + 5x + 6 is
factor of x4 + 5x3 + 9x2 + 15x + 18.
99.
Prove that
(x +
y+
z)
[( x y)2 +
( y  z) 2 ] =
2( x3 +
y3 +
z3  3xyz)
100.
The polynomials p(x) = ax3 + 4x2 + 3x 4 and
q(x) = x3 4x + a leave the same remainder when
divided by x 3. Find the remainder when p(x) is
divided by (x 2).
101.
If both ( x + 2) and (2x + 1) are factors of
ax2+ 2 x + b, prove that a b = 0.
102.
Simplify by factorisation method :
6  2 2x  x2
.
2  x2
Show that ( x 1) is a factor of P(x) = 3x3 x2
3x + 1 and hence factorise P(x).
103.
104.
The polynomials x3 + 2x2 5ax 8 and x3 + ax2
12x 6 when divided by (x 2) and (x 3)
leave remaindens p and q respectively. If q p = 10
find the value of a .
105.
Prove that ( x + y )3 ( x y )3 6 y(x2 y2) = 8y3.
106.
Find the value of ( x a)3 + (x b)3 + (x c)3
3(x a)(x b)(x c), if a + b + c = 3x.
Simplify by factorisation method :
87.
If the polynomial P(x) =
2
+3
is divided by (x 2), it leaves a remainder 10.
Find the value of a
88.
Simplify : ( a + b + c)2 ( a b c)2.
107.
89.
Factorise ( x 3y)3 + (3y 7z)3 + (7z x)3.
108.
90.
Factorise : 2 2a3 +
8b3  27c3 +
18 2abc.
91.
Factorise : x6 y6.
92.
Find the value of a if (x + a) is a factor of
x4 a2x2 + 3x a.
93.
Factorise by splitting the middle term :
9(x
94.
2y)2
9  2 3x  x2
3  x2
If p(x) = x3 ax2 + bx + 3 leaves a remainder
19 when divided by (x + 2) and a remainder 17
when divided by (x 2), prove that a + b = 6.
109.
The volume of a cube is given by the polynomial
p(x) = x3 6 x2 + 12x 8. Find the possible
expressions for the sides of the cube. Verify the
truth of your answer when the length of cube is
3 cm.
110.
Using factor theorem, factorise the polynomial :
x4 + 3x3 + 2x2 3x 3.
111.
Factorise a7 + ab6.
112.
Using factor theorem, factorise the polynomial.
4(x 2y) 13.
Find the remainder obtained on dividing
1
2x4  3x3  5x2 +
x+
1 by x .
2(7)3 + 2(9)3 + 2(13)3 6(7) (9) (13).
What are the possible expressions for the dimensions
of the cuboids whose volume is given below ?
Volume = 12 ky2 + 8ky 20k.
[( x y) + (y z) + (z x) ]. Hence evaluate
x4 + 2x3 7 x2 8x + 12.
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113.
Without actual division, show that the polynomial
2x4 5x3 + 2x2 x + 2 is exactly divisible by
x2 3x + 2.
125.
Without actual division, prove that 2 x 8x. + 3x
+ 12x 9 is exactly divisible by x2 4x + 3.
114.
If x and y be two positive real numbers such that
8x3 + 27y3 = 730 and 2x2y +3 xy2 = 15, then
evaluate 2x + 3y.
126.
If f(x) = x4 2x3 + 3x2 ax + b is divided by
(x 1) and (x + 1), it leaves the remainders 5 and
19 respectively. Find a and b.
115.
Factorise : ( x2 2x)2 2(x2 2x) 3.
127.
If x2 3x + 2 is a factor of x4 ax2 + b then fnd
a and b.
128.
Without actual division show that x4 + 2x3 2x2
+ 2x 3 is exactly divisible by x2 + 2x 3.
129.
1
27a2
9a
Factorise : 27a3 +
+
+
.
3
4
b
64b
16b2
116.
1
=
51, fnd
If x2 +
x2
1
1
x(i)
(ii) x3  3 .
x
x
117.
Find the values of m and n so that the polynomial
f(x) = x3 6x2 + mx n is exactly divisible by
(x 1) as well as (x 2).
118.
Factorise : x8 y8.
119.
x4
2x3
Without actual division prove that
+
+ 2x 3 is exactly divisible by x2 + 2x 3.
130.
Find the values of a and b so that (x + 1) and
(x 2) are factors of (x3 + ax2 + 2x + b).
131.
Wi t h o u t a c t u a l d i v i s i o n , p r o v e t h a t
(2x4  6x3 +
3x2 +
3x  2) is exactly divisible by
2x2
( x2  3 x +
2).
120.
Factorise : a12x4 a4x12.
132.
Simplify : (5 a + 3b)3 (5a 3b)3.
121.
Without actual division, prove that the polynomial
2x4 5x3 + 2x2 x + 2 is exactly divisible by
x2 3x + 2.
133.
Find the value of a if (x a) is a factor of x5
a2x3 + 2 x + a + 3, hence factorisex2 2 ax 3.
122.
Factorise : ( x2 3x)2 8(x2 3x) 20.
134.
The polynomial ax3 + 3x2 3 and 2x3 5x + a
when divided by x 4 leave the same remainder
in each case. Find the value of a.
135.
Factorise : 3 u3 4u2 12u + 16.
1
1
.
If x +
=
5 , then evaluate x6 +
x
x6
Multiply 9 x2 + 25y2 + 15xy + 12x 20y + 16 by
3x 5y 4 using suitable identity.
123.
124.
The polynomial p(x) = x4 2x3 + 3x2 ax + 3a
7 when divided by (x + 1), leaves the remainder
19. Find the value of a. Also, fnd the remainder,
when p(x) is divided by x + 2.
Find the values of a and b so that (x + 1) and
(x 1) are factors of x4 + ax3 3x2 + 2x + b.
136.
137.
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COORDINATE GEOMETRY
CLASS IX
Questions From CBSE Examination Papers
1. The point (5, 2) and (2, 5) lie in the:
(a) same quadrants
(b) II and III quadrants respectively
10. Locate the following points in the cartesian plane :
A(3, 0), B(0, 5), C(3, 5) and D(2, 4)
11. Write the coordinates of A, B, C and D from the
fgure 2.
(c) II and IV quadrants respectively
(d) IV and III quadrants respectively
2. The distance of a point (0, 3) from the origin
is :
(a) 0 units
(b) 3 units
(c) cannot be determined (d) 3 units
3. Which of the following points lie on the negative
side of xaxis ?
(a) (4, 0) (b) (3, 2)
(0,4)
(d) (5, 7)
4. Write the name of the quadrant in which the point
(3, 5) lies.
(a) first quadrant
(b) second quadrant
(c) third quadrant
(d) fourth quadrant
12. In the figure, write the coordinates of the points
P, Q, R and S.
5. Ordinate of a point is negative in :
(a) III and IV quadrant (b) III quadrant only
(c) II and III quadrant
(d) IV quadrant only
6. The coordinates of the point which lies on yaxis
at a distance of 4 units in negative direction of
y axis is
(a) (0, 4)
(b) (4, 0)
(c) (0, 4)
(d) (4, 0)
7. Abscissa of a point is positive in :
(a) I and II quadrant
(b) I and IV quadrant
(c) I quadrant only
(d) IV quadrant only
8. Point (0, 4) lies :
(a) in I quadrant
(b) on xaxis
(c) on yaxis
(d) in IV quadrant
9. Write the name of the quadrant in which the point
(3, 5) lies.
(a) first quadrant
(c) third quadrant
13. Draw a quadrilateral whose vertices are (3, 2),
(2, 3), (4, 5) and (5, 3).
14. Plot the points (2, 0) and (3, 4) in the coordinate
plane.
(b)second quadrant
(d) fourth quadrant
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15. The perpendicular distance of a point from the
xaxis is 2 units and the perpendicular distance
from the yaxis is 5 units. Write the coordinates
of such a point if it lies in the :
(a) I quadrant
(b) II quadrant
(c) III quadrant
21. Plot the point P (2, 6) on graph paper and from
it draw PM and PN as perpendiculars to xaxis
and yaxis, respectively. Write the coordinates of
the points M and N.
22. See the figure and write the following:
(d) IV quadrant
16. Plot the points P (1, 0), Q (4, 0) and S (1, 3). Find
the coordinate of the point R such that PQRS is
a square.
17. In the figure, PQ is a line parallel to the yaxis at
a distance of 5 units. What are the coordinates of
the points P, Q, R and S?
(i) Coordinates of point A
(ii) Abscissa of point D
(iii) The point identified by the coordinate (5,4)
18. In figure, ABDC is a square.Find the coordinates
of points A and D.
(iv) Coordinates of point C.
23.
Plot the points A (3, 0), B (3, 3) and C (0, 3) in a
cartesian plane. Join OA, AB, BC and CO. Name
the figure so formed and write its one property.
24. Observe the figure and answer the following
19. A point lies on xaxis at a distance of 9 units from
yaxis. What are its coordinates? What will be its
coordinates if it lies on yaxis at a distance of
9 units from xaxis?
20. In the figure, if D
ABC and D
ABD are equilateral,
then find the coordinates of points C and D.
(a) coordinate of B
(b) point identifed by the coordinate (2,3)
(c) abscissa of point D
(d) ordinate of point H
(e) points with the same abscissa
(f) points with the same ordinate
25. Plot the points (2, 3), (2, 3), (2, 3) and
(2, 3) on a graph sheet. Join these points. Name
the figure obtained.Also, find the area of the figure
so obtained.
34. In the figure, D
PQR is an equilateral triangle with
coordinates of vertices Q and R as (2, 0) and (2, 0).
Find the coordinates of the vertex P.
26. Plot the coordinates of the point :
(a) whose ordinate is 5 and which lies on yaxis
(b) which lies on x and y axes both.
(c) whose abscissa is 3 and which lies on xaxis
in Cartesian Plane.
27. Mark the points (0, 2), (3, 0), (3, 0) and (0, 2) on
a graph.Join these points.Name the figure obtained
and find the area of the figure so obtained.
28. Inisthe
D
ABC
anfigure,
equilateral
triangle with coordinates of
vertices B and C as (4, 0) and (4, 0) respectively.
Find the coordinates of the
point A.
35. The following table gives the number of pairs of
shoes and their corresponding price. Plot these as
ordered pairs and join them. What type of graph
do you get ?
Number of pairs
of shoes
1
2
3
4
5
6
Corresponding prices
(in hundred of rupees)
5
10
15
20
25
30
36. In the figure, AOB is a triangle with coordinates
of A and O as (4, 0) and (0, 0) respectively.
AB = 5. Find the coordinates of B.
29. Plot the points (x, y) given in the following table
on the plane, choosing suitable units of distance
on the axes.
x
y
2
8
1
7
1
3
3
1
0
2
3
0
30. Plot the points (3, 2), (2, 2), (2, 2) and (3, 2)
in the cartesian plane. Join these points and name
the figure so formed.
31. Plot the points A (5, 5) and B (5, 5) in cartesian
plane. Join AB,OA and OB.Name the figure so
obtained.
32. Plot the points A (6, 6), B (4, 4), C (1, 1) in
the cartesian plane and show that the points are
collinear.
37. The following table gives the number of pens and
their corresponding costs. Plot these as ordered
pairs and join them. What type of graph do you
get ?
Number of pens
Price in rupees
1
3
2
6
4
12
33. Mark the points (2, 2), (2, 2), (2, 2) and
(2, 2) on a graph paper and join these points.
Name the figure that you obtain. Also, find the
area of the figure so obtained.
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5
15
7
21
8
24
38. In the figure, D
ABC is an equilateral triangle with
coordinate of B and C as B (1, 0) and C (5, 0).
Find the coordinate of vertex A.
40. In the figure, PQR is an equilateral triangle with
the coordinates of Q and R as (0, 4) and (0, 4).
Find the coordinates of the vertex P.
39. In the figure, ABCD is a rectangle with length
6 cm and breadth 3 cm. O is the mid point of AB.
Find the coordinates of A, B, C and D.
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Euclids Geometry
CLASS IX
Questions From CBSE Examination Papers
1.
The number of line segments determined by three
collinear points is :
(a) two
(b) three
(c) only one
(d) four
2.
Number of dimension(s) a surface has:
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) 2
(d) 3
3.
Two planes intersect each other to form a :
(a) plane
(b) point
(c) straight line
4.
5.
(d) angle
If the point P lies in between M and N and C is
midpoint of MP then:
(a) MC + PN = MN
(b) MP + CP = MN
(c) MC + CN = MN
(d) CP + CN = MN
(a) an axiom
(b) a defnition
(c) a postulate
(d) a proof
Euclid stated that if equals are subtracted from
equals, the remainders are equals in the form
of :
(a) an axiom
(b) a postulate
(c) a defnition
(d) a proof
7.
'Lines are parallel if they do not intersect' is stated
in the form of :
(a) an axiom
(b) a defnition
(c) a postulate
(d) a proof
8.
Which of the following is an example of a
geometrical line?
(a) Blackboard
(b) Sheet of paper
(c) Meeting place of two walls
(d) Tip of the sharp pencil
10.
11.
13. In the figure, if PS = RQ, then prove that
PR = SQ.
Euclid stated that all right angles are equal to each
other in the form of :
6.
9.
12. In the fgure, AE = DF, E is the mid point of AB
and F is the mid point of DC. Using an Euclid's
axiom, show that AB = DC :
1
1
14. In the fgure, if QX =
XY, PX =
XZ
2
2
and QX = PX, show that XY = XZ.
15. In the fgure, it is given that
1 =
4 and
3=
2.
By which Euclid's axiom, it can be shown
that if
2=
4, then
1=
3?
Which of the following needs a proof ?
(a) Axiom
(b) Theorem
(c) Postulate
(d) Defnition
A surface is that which has :
(a) length and breadth (b) length only
(c) breadth only
(d) length and height
'Two intersecting lines cannot be parallel to the
same line' is stated in the form of :
(a) an axiom
(b) a defnition
(c) a postulate
(d) a proof
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Herons Formula
CLASS IX
Questions From CBSE Examination Papers
1.
Herons formula is :
15.
The sides of a triangle are in the ratio of 12 : 17 : 25
and its perimeter is 540 cm. Find its area.
16.
Find the area of a triangle, two sides of which are
60 cm and 100 cm and the perimeter is 300 cm.
17.
Find the area of a triangle with perimeter 22 cm,
one side 9 cm and difference of other two sides
is 7 cm.
Find the height of the trapeziumin which parallel
sides are 25 cm and 10 cm and nonparallel sides
are 14 cm and 13 cm.
The sides of a triangular park are 8 m, 10 m and
6 m respectively. A small circular area of diameter
2 m is to be left out and the remaining area is to
be used for growing roses. How much area is used
for growing roses ? (use p
= 3.14)
The perimeter of a triangular ground is 900m and
its sides are in the ratio 3 : 5 : 4. u sing Herons
formula, find the area of the ground.
The sides of a triangle are in the ratio 4 : 5 : 5
and its perimeter is 168 m. Find the area of the
triangle.
Find the perimeter of an isosceles right triangle
having an area of 200 cm2.
Two sides of a triangle are 8 cm and 11 cm
and its perimeter is 32 cm. Find the area of the
triangle.
The base of an isosceles triangle measures 24 cm
and its area is 60 cm2. Find its perimeter.
(a) ? =+
s ( s a) ( s +
b) ( s +
c)
(b) ? =
( s  a ) ( s  b) ( s  c )
(c) ? =s ( s a ) ( s  b) ( s  c), s =
a+
b+
c
(d) ? =s ( s a ) ( s  b) ( s  c), 2 s =
a+
b+
c
2.
The semi perimeter of a triangle having the length
of its sides as 20 cm, 15 cm and 9 cm is :
(a) 44 cm
(b) 21 cm
( c) 22 cm
(d) none
3.
An isosceles triangle has perimeter 30 cm and
each of the equal sides is 12 cm. Find area of the
triangle.
4.
Find the area of an equilateral triangle with side
10 cm.
5.
The sides of a triangular ground are 5 m, 7 m and
8 m respectively. Find the cost of levelling the ground
1.73)
at the rate of Rs 10 per m2. (use 3 =
6.
The perimeter of a right triangle is 24 cm. If its
hypotenuseis10cm, find its area.
Find the area of a quadrilateral ABCD whose sides
AB = 13 cm, BC = 12 cm, CD = 9 cm, DA = 14 cm
and diagonal BD = 15 cm.
The unequal side of an isosceles triangle is 6 cm and
its perimeter is 24 cm. Find its area.
The sides of a triangle are in the ratio 3 : 5 : 7 and
itss perimeter is 300 m. Find its area.
A triangular park has sides 120 m, 80 m and 50
m. A gardener has to put a fence all around it
and also plant grass inside. How much area
does he need to plant ? Find the cost of
fencing it with barbed wire at the rate of Rs 20
per metre leaving a space 3 m wide for a gate
on one side.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Find the area of the triangle whose two sides are
of measures 13 cm and 14 cm and perimeter is
42 cm.
12.
Sides of a triangle are in the ratio 13 : 14 :
15 and its perimeter is 84 cm. Find its area.
13.
Find the area of a triangular park, two sides of
which are 18 m and 10 m and the perimeter is
42 m.
14. The adjacent sides of a parallelogram ABCD
measure 34 cm and 20 cm and the diagonal AC
measures 42 cm. Find the area of the
parallelogram.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
Find the area of a triangle whose sides are 6.5 cm,
7 cm and 7.5 cm.
Find the area of a rhombus whose perimeter is
200 m and one of the diagonals is 80 m.
A triangle and a parallelogram have the same
base and the same area. If the sides of the
triangle are 15 cm, 14 cm and 13 cm and the
parallelogram stands on the base 15 cm, fnd
the height of parallelogram.
28. A triangular park in a city has dimensions 30m
26 m 28 m. A gardener has to plant grass
inside the park at Rs 1.50 per m2. Find the
amount to be paid to the gardener.
29. A garden is in the shape of a quadrilateral. The
sides of the garden are 9m, 40 m, 28 m and 15 m
respectively in consecutive order and the angle between
first two sides is a right angle. Find the
area of the garden.
27.
LINES and ANGLES
CLASS IX
Questions From CBSE Examination Papers
1.
In the given figure, the value of x which makes
POQ a straight line is:
6.
7.
(a) 35
2.
(c) 25
(b) 75, 15
(c) 12, 60
(d) 60, 12
In the given figure, l  m  n, If x : y = 5 : 4, then
the measure of angle z is :
(d) 40
(b) 72
(c) 90
(d) 88
a:
b= 2 : 3,
In the figure, if mn and
h is :
then measure of
(a) 40
8.
9.
(a) 72
4.
(a) 15, 75
The angle which is equal to 8 times its complement
is :
(a) 80
3.
(b) 30
The complementary angles are in the ratio 1 : 5.
Find the measures of the angles :
(b) 108
(c) 120
(d) 150
In the figure, value of x is :
10.
(a) 50
5.
(b) 40
(c) 60
(c) 90
(d) 80
The complement of an angle m is :
(a) m
(b) 90 + m
(c) 90 m
(d) m 90
If the measure of an angle is twice the measure of
its supplementary angle, then the measure of the
angle is :
(a) 60
(b) 90
(c) 120
(d) 130
If two interior angles on the same side of a
transversal intersecting two parallel lines are in
the ratio 2 : 3, then the larger of two angles is :
(a) 72
11.
(b) 50
(b) 108
(c) 54
(d) 36
In the given figure, if PQRS, then the measure
of m is :
(d) 70
An exterior angle of a triangle is 80 and the interior
opposite angles are in the ratio 1 : 3. Measure of
each interior opposite angle is :
(a) 30, 90
(b) 40, 120
(c) 20 , 60
(d) 30, 60
(a) 110
(b) 100
(c) 90
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(d) 137
12.
In the given figure, PQRS and EFQS. If
PQS=60,then the measure of
RFE is :
18.
In the figure, the value of x is :
(a) 30
19.
(a) 115
13.
(b) 120
(c) 60
(d) 180
20.
(a) 35
14.
(b) 40
(c) 60
15.
16.
(b) 100
(d) 140
(b) 30
(c) 90
(d) 180
In the figure, valueof x is :
(a) 20
21.
(c) 120
(d) 40
(d) 75
In the figure, AB and CD are parallel to each other.
The value of x is :
(a) 90
(c) 20
Measure of an angle which is supplement to itself
is :
(a) 45
In the figure, ABCD,the value of x is :
(b) 10
(b) 40
(c) 30
(d) 50
Given lines l1, l2 and l3in figure areparallel.The
value of x is :
Find the measure of the angle which is complement
of it self.
(a) 30
(b) 90
(c) 45
(d) 180
(a) 40
22.
Two lines are respectively perpendicular to two
perpendicular lines. Then these two lines to each
other are :
(a) parallel
(c) 50
(d) 80
The complement of (90 a) is :
(a) a
23.
(b) 140
(b) 90 + a (c) 90 a (d) a
In the figure, ABCD and t is a transversal, the
value of x is equal to :
(b) perpendicular
(c) inclined at same acute angle
(d) intersecting at 110
17.
In the figure, lines AB and CD intersect at O. If
AOD :
DOB = 4 : 5, then
COB is :
(a) 50
(a) 80
(b) 100
(c) 90
(d) 70
(b) 70
(c) 35
(d) 20
24.
If l, m, n are lines in the same plane such that l
intersects m and nm, then l and n are :
29.
In the given figure, the measure of
ABC is :
(a) parallel
(b) intersecting
(c) always perpendicular
(d) always intersecting at 60
25.
26.
If two supplementary angles are in the ratio 2 : 7,
then the angles are :
(a) 35 145
(b) 70, 110
(c) 40 , 140
(d) 50, 130
(a) 80
From thefigure, identify the incorrect statement, given
that l m and t is the transversal.
30.
(a)
2 and
5 are supplementary
31.
(b)
2 and
3 are supplementary
27.
(c) 100
(d) 60
In the figure, if x, y and z are exterior angles
of D
ABC, then x + y + z is :
(a) 180
(b) 360
(c) 270
(d) 90
The angles of a triangle are in the ratio 2 : 3 : 4.
The angles are :
(c)
2 and
8 are supplementary
(a) 20, 60 , 80
(b) 80, 40, 60
(d)
2 and
1 are supplementary
(c) 40, 60 , 80
(d) 60, 40, 80
In the figure, PQRS,
QPR=70,
ROT = 20.
Find the value of x.
32.
In a triangle ABC, if
A = 53 and
C = 44,
then the value of
B is :
(a) 73
33.
(a) 20
28.
(b) 20
(b) 70
(c) 110
(c) 40
(d) 46
In the figure, the value of(
x+
y) is :
(a) 80
34.
(b) 30
(c) 93
(d) 50
In the figure, l1l2. The value of x is :
(a) 70
(b) 83
(b) 100
(c) 120
In the figure, if AB=AC, find
(d) 60
x.
(d) 50
(a) 55
(b) 110
(c) 50
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(d) 70
35.
(a) 120
36.
(b) 130
38.
(c) 80
42.
In the figure, if PQRS,
PAB=60 and
=117,then find (x y).
ACS
43.
If x + y = s + w, prove that AOB is a straight
line.
44.
In the figure,find the values of x and y.
45.
In the figure, OA,OB are opposite rays and
AOC
+
BOD = 90. Find COD.
46.
In the figure, if a ray OC stands on line AB such
that
AOC =
COB, then show that
AOC =
90.
(d) 50
(a) 30, 90
(b) 40, 120
(c) 20 , 60
(d) 30, 60
In the figure, the value of y is :
(b) 32
(c) 36
(d) 44
In the figure, l1l2, the value of x is :
(a) 80
40.
(b) 70
In the figure, PQSR,
SQR=25,
QRT=65,
find x and y :
(d) 100
An exterior angle of a triangle is 80 and the interior
opposite angles are in the ratio 1 : 3. Measure of
each interior opposite angle is :
(a) 28
39.
(c) 110
In the figure, measure of
ABC is :
(a) 60
37.
41.
In the figure,the value of x is :
(b) 100
(c) 110
(d) 70
In the figure, ray OC stands on the lineAB, ray
OL and ray OM are angle bisectors of
AOC and
BOC respectively. Prove that
LOM = 90.
47.
If two lines are perpendicular to the same line,
prove that they are parallel to each other.
48.
In the figure, if ABCD, then find
PQR.
49.
50.
If OA, OB, OC and OD are the rays such that
AOB =
COD = 150,
BOC = 30 and
AOD
= 30. Is it true that AOC and BOD are straight
lines ? Justify your answer.
55.
Lines PQ and RS intersecteachotheratpointO.
ROQ = 5:7,find all the remaining
If
POR:
angles.
56.
In the figure, lines l and m intersect each other
at O. If x=40,then fnd the values of
y, z and
w.
57.
If l, m, n are three lines such that l  m and n ^
l,
then prove that n ^
m.
58.
In the figure, find the values of x and y and then
show that ABCD.
59.
In the figure, PQRS,
PAB=80and
120. Find the value of x.
In the figure, if ABDE, then find the measure of
BCD.
In the figure, OQ bisects
AOB. OP is a ray
oppositetoray OQ. Prove that
POA=
POB.
51.
In the figure, fnd x and y and then show that
ABCD.
52.
In the figure, ABDE,
ABC = 75 and
CDE
=145,then find
BCD.
53.
54.
In the figure, PQRS,
PAB=70and
100. Find the value of x.
ACS =
ACS =
60.
If the complement of an angle is onethird of its
supplement, find the angle.
61.
In. the figure, if ABCD, then fnd the value of
x
62.
In the figure, if
PQR=
PRQ,then prove that
PQS=
PRT.
63.
In the figure, x = 61 and y = 118. Is mn ?
68.
In the figure, find the value of
QPTR.
69.
In the figure, prove that ABEF.
QRP when
`
64.
In the figure, if x
y = w + z, then prove that
AOB is a line.
65.
In the figure,
POQ and
ROQ form a linear
pair. Find the measure of x.
66.
67.
70.
In the given figure, if l  m, then find the value
of x.
71.
AB and CD are the bisectors of the two alternate
interior angles formed by the intersection of a
transversal t with parallel lines l and m (shown
in the figure). Show that ABCD.
72.
In the figure, if y = 20, prove that the line AOB
is a straight line.
In the figure, ABCD, find the value of x.
In the figure, find the value of x.
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73. In the figure, ray OS standson a line POQ. Ray
OR and ray OT are angle bisectors of
POSand
SOQ respectively. If
POS= x, find
ROT.
74.
In the figure, if ABCD,
PRD
APQ =50and
=127, find x and y.
75.
Prove that if two lines intersect, the vertically
opposite angles are equal.
76.
In the figure, if PQRS and
PXM = 50 and
MYS=120,find the value of x.
77.
In the figure, l1  l2 and m1  m2
80.
In the figure, ABCD, CDEF and y : z = 3 : 7,
find the measures of x, y and z.
81.
In the figure, ABCD and CDEF. Also EA ^
AB.
If
BEF=55, find the values of x, y and z.
82.
In the figure, if ABCD,
FAE = 90 and
AFE
=40, then find
ECD.
83.
In the figure, PQRS and T is any point as shown
in the figure, then show that
PQT +
QTS +
RST = 360.
84.
In the figure,POQ is a line, ray OR is perpendicular
to line PQ.OS is another ray lying between rays
1
OP and OR. Prove that
ROS = (
QOS
POS)
2
2 = 180
Prove that
1 +
78.
In the figure, if x : y=3:7,then find the values
of x, y, z and w.
79.
In the figure, lines AB and CD are parallel and
P is any point between the two lines. Prove that
DPB= x + y.
85.
In the figure, l1  l2 and a1  a2. Find the value of x.
86.
In the figure,find the value of x
87.
In the figure,prove that l  m.
88.
89.
90.
In the figure, OP bisects
AOC, OQ bisects
BOC
and OP ^
OQ. Show that points A, O and B are
collinear.
91.
P is a point equidistant from two lines l and m
intersecting at a point A. Show that AP bisects the
angle between them.
92.
In the figure, two straight lines AB and CD intersect
each other at O. If
COE=70,find the values of
a , b and c.
93.
1 +
2
3=
In the figure, l  m, show that
180
In the figure, prove that ABEF.
In the figure, show that ABEF.
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Triangles
CLASS IX
Questions From CBSE Examination Papers
1. In
ABC,
C =
A and BC = 6 cm and
AC = 5 cm. Then the length of AB is :
(a) 6 cm (b) 5 cm
(c) 3 cm
(d) 2.5 cm
10. In triangles ABC and DEF, AB = DE, BC = EF
and
A=
D. Are the triangles congruent ? If
yes, by which congruency rule ?
2. In
PQR,
P = 60,
Q = 50. Which side of
the triangle is the longest ?
(a) PQ
(b) QR
(c) PR
(d) none
(a) yes, by SAS
(b) no
(c) yes, by SSS
(d) yes, by RHS
11. In the figure, if OA = OB, OD = OC, then
AOD
3. In
ABC and
PQR, AB = PR and
A=
P.
AOD ?
BOC by congurence rule :
The two triangles will be congruent by SAS axiom
C
B
if :
(a) BC = QR
(b) AC = PQ
(c) AC = QR
(d) BC = PR
O
4. In
ABC,
A = 50,
B = 60, arranging the
sides of the triangle in ascending order, we get :
(a) AB < BC < CA
(b) CA < AB < BC
(c) BC < CA < AB
5.
(d) BC < AB < CA
ABC ?
PQR. If AB = 5 cm,
B = 40 and
A = 80, then which of the following is true ?
(a) QP = 5 cm,
P = 60
(b) QP = 5 cm,
R = 60
(c) QR = 5 cm,
R = 80
(d) QR = 5 cm,
Q = 40
6. If E is a point on side QR of
PQR such that PE
bisects
PQR, then :
(a) QE = ER
(b) QP > QE
(c) QE > QP
(d) ER > RP
7. In
ABC if AB = BC, then :
(a)
B>
C
(b)
A=
C
(c)
A=
B
(d)
A < RP
8. If
ABC ?
DEF by SSS congruence rule
then :
(a) AB = EF, BC = FD, CA = DE
(b) AB = FD, BC = DE, CA = EF
(c) AB = DE, BC = EF, CA = FD
(d) AB = DE, BC = EF,
C=
F
9. For the given triangle PQR, which of the following
is true ?
125
(a) SSS
(b) ASA
(c) SAS
(d) RHS
12. In right triangle DEF, if
E = 90, then :
(a) DF is the shortest side
(b) DF is the longest side
(c) EF is the longest side
(d) DE is the longest side
13. If one angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of
the other two angles, then the triangle is :
(a) an isosceles triangle
(b) an obtuse angled triangle
(c) an equilateral triangle
(d) a right triangle
14. Two equilateral triangles are congurent when :
(a) their angles are equal
(b) their sides are equal
(c) their sides are proportional
(d) their areas are proportional
15.
ABC ?
PQR. If AB = 5 cm,
B = 40 and
A = 80, then which of the following is true?
(a) QP = 5 cm,
P = 60
(b) QP = 5 cm,
R = 60
(c) QR = 5 cm,
R = 60
R
100
(a) PQ = QR
(c) PQ < QR
(b) PQ > QR
(d)
P<
Q
(d) QR = 5 cm,
Q = 40
16. One of the angles of a triangle is 75. If the
difference of the other two angles is 35, then the
largest angle of the triangle has a measure of :
(a) 80
(b) 75
(c) 100
(d) 135
17. In the figure, if AB = AC and AP = AQ, then by
which congruence criterion
PBC ?
QCB?
22. In the figure, which of the following statements is
true ?
A
16cm
(a) SSS
(b) ASA
(c) SAS
(d) RHS
18. In the figure, in
ABC, AB = AC. The value of
x is :
A
80
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
15cm
19cm
B=
C
B is the greatest angle in triangle
B is the smallest angle in triangle
A is the smallest angle in triangle
23. It is not possible to construct a triangle when its
sides are :
(a) 8.3 cm, 3.4 cm, 6.1 cm
(b) 5.4 cm, 2.3 cm, 3.1 cm
(c) 6 cm, 7 cm, 10 cm
(d) 3 cm, 5 cm, 5 cm
ABC ?
24. If
PQR, then which of the following is
true ?
(a) AB = RP
(a) 80
(b) 100
(c) 130
(d) 120
19. Given
OAP?
OBP in the figure. The criteria
by which the triangles are congruent is :
(b) CA = RP
(c) AC = RQ
(d) CB = QP
25. In the given figure, AD is the median, then
BAD
is :
A
40
B
(a) 55
(a) SAS
(b) SSS
(c) RHS
(d) ASA
20. In the figure, ABCD is a quadrilateral in which
AB = BC and AD = DC. Measure of
BCD is :
(b) 50
(c) 100
(d) 40
26. In the figure, PR = QR,
PRA =
QRB and
BPR =
AQR. Prove that BP = QA.
A
B
108
42
(b) 30
27. In the figure,
ABD and
BCD are isosceles
triangle on the same base BD.
Prove that
ABC =
ADC.
(a) 150
(c) 105
(d) 72
21. In
AOC and
XYZ,
A=
X, AO = XZ,
AC = XY, then by which congruence rule
AOC ?
XZY?
(a) SAS
(b) ASA
(c) SSS
(d) RHS
28. In the fgure, ACBD is a quadrilateral with
AC = AD and AB bisects
A. Show that
ABC?
ABD.
What can you say about BC and BD ?
38.
In
ABC, AB = AC. D is a point inside
ABC such
that BD = DC. Prove that
ABD =
ACD.
A
D
A
B
B
39.
D
29. In a
ABC, if AB = AC,
A = 100, then fnd
B and
C.
In the figure, X and Y are two points on equal sides
AB and AC of a
ABC such that AX = AY.
Prove that XC = YB.
30. Prove that each angle of an equilateral angle is
60.
31. In
ABC, AD is perpendicular bisector of BC.
Show that ? ABC is an isosceles triangle in which
AB = AC.
32. Prove that in an isosceles triangle, angles opposite
to equal sides are equal.
33. In
ABC,
A = 60,
B = 40. Which side of
this triangle is the smallest? Give reasons for your
answer.
40.
In the figure, D is the midpoint of base BC, DE and
DF are perpendiculars to AB and AC respectively
such that DE = DF. Prove that
B=
C.
34. In the figure, AX = BY and AXBY, prove that
APX ?
BPY.
X
P
E
A
Y
B
35. PS is an altitude of an isosceles triangle PQR in
41.
which PQ = PR. Show that PS bisects
P.
36. In a
DEF, if
D = 30,
E = 60, then which
side of the triangle is longest and which side is
shortest ?
37. In the figure,
ABD =
ACE and AB = AC.
Prove that
ACE.
ABD ?
In the figure, ABCD is a square and P is the
midpoint of AD. BP and CP are joined. Prove that
PCB =
PBC.
A
P
C
42.
In the figure, the diagonal AC of quadrilateral
ABCD bisects
BAD and
BCD.
Prove that BC = CD.
D
C
A
B
43.
In the figure,
B<
A and
C<
D. Show that
AD < BC.
D
B
C = 90, M is midpoint of
53. In right triangle ABC,
hypotenuse AB. C is joined to M and produced to
a point D such that DM = CM. Point D is joined
to point B. Show that :
(I)
AMC ?
BMD
(ii)
DBC =
ACB
PQR.
54. In the figure, PR > PQ and PS bisects
Prove that
PSR >
PSQ.
O
A
44.
Prove that an equilateral triangle can be constructed
on any given line segment.
45.
In the figure, AB > AC,
BO and CO are the
bisectors of
B and
C
respectively. Show that
OB > OC.
46.
47.
A
Q
55. AD is an altitude of an isosceles triangle ABC in
which AB = AC. Show that AD is also the median
of the triangle.
B
C
ABC and
DBC are two isosceles
56. In the figure,
triangles on the same base BC and the vertices A
Two sides AB and BC and median AM of
ABC
and D are on the same side of BC. AD is extended
are respectively equal to the sides PQ and QR
to meet BC at P. Prove that AP bisects
A.
and median PN of
QR.
Show that
ABM ?
PQN.
A
In the figure, D is any point on the base BC
produced of an isosceles triangle
ABC.
Prove that AD > AB.
A
48.
In an isosceles triangle ABC with AB = AC, BD
and CE are two medians. Prove that BD = CE.
49.
In the figure, if PS = PR,
TPS =
QPR, then
prove that PT = PQ.
T
57. In the figure, the perpendiculars AD, BE and CF
drawn from the vertices A, B and C respectively
of
ABC are equal. Prove that the triangle is an
equilateral triangle.
A
Q
B
50.
In
ABC, BD and CE are two altitudes such that
BD = CE. Prove that
ABC is isosceles.
51.
If
ABC is an isosceles triangle with AB = AC,
prove that the perpendiculars from the vertices B
and C to their opposite sides are equal.
D is a point on side BC of
ABC such that
AD = AC. Show that AB > AD.
52.
58. Prove that medians of an equilateral triangle are
equal.
59. In the figure, line segment ABCD and O is the
mid point of AD. Show that :
(I)
AOB ?
DOC.
(ii) O is also the mid point of BC.
C
60.
In the figure, AD and BC are equal and
perpendiculars to the same line segment AB. Show
that CD bisects AB.
66.
In the figure,
B=
C and AB = AC. Prove that
BE = CF.
67.
In the figure,
ABC and
DBC are two isosceles
triangles on the same base BC and vertices A and
D are on the same side of BC. If AD is produced
to intersect BC at P, then show that AP is the
perpendicular bisector of BC.
61.
In the figure, BD and CE are two altitudes of
ABC such that BD = CE. Prove that
ABC is
isosceles.
62.
63.
Show that in a right angled triangle the hypotenuse
is the longest side.
In the figure, if
a >
b, then prove that
PQ > PR.
68.
In the figure,
LMN is an isosceles triangle with
LM = LN and LP bisects
NLQ. Prove that
LPMN.
Q
P
64. In the figure, in
ABC, D is any point in the interior
of
ABC such that
DBC =
DCB and AB = AC.
Prove that AD bisects
BAC.
69.
In the figure,
QPR =
PQR and M and N are
points respectively on sides QR and PR of
PQR
such that QM = PN. Prove that OP = OQ; where
O is the point of intersection of PM and QN.
R
M
O
65.
In the figure, D and E are points on the base BC
of a
ABC such that BD = CE and AD = AE.
Prove that
ABE ?
ACD.
70.
In the figure,
ABC is an isosceles triangle in which
AB = AC, side BA is produced to D such that AD
AD = AB. Show that
BCD is a right angle.
D
B
B
71.
In the figure, D is a point on side BC of
ABC
such that AD = AC. Show that AB > AD.
77. In the figure, show that
2(AC + BD) > (AB + BC + CD + DA)
D
A
O
A
B
72.
In the
ABC, BE and CF are altitudes on the sides
AC and AB respectively such that BE = CF. Using
RHS congruency rule, prove that AB = AC.
B
D
O
E
y
C
73.
79. O is a point in the interior of
PQR. Prove that
1
OP + OQ + OR >
(PQ + QR + PR).
2
80.
78. In the figure, if
x =
y and AB = AC, then prove
that AD = AE.
In the figure, AC = AE, AB = AD and
BAD =
EAC. Show that BC = DE.
In an isosceles triangle ABC with AB = AC, the
bisector of
B and
C intersect each other at O.
Join A to O. Show that :
(i) OB = OC
(ii) AO bisects
A
81. Show that perimeter of a triangle is greater than
the sum of its medians.
82.
In the figure,
BCD =
ADC and
ACB =
BDA.
Prove that AD = BC and
A =
B.
A
74.
In the figure, AB is a line segment. P and Q are
points on opposite sides of AB such that each of
them is equidistant from the points A and B. Show
that the line PQ is perpendicular bisector of AB.
P
83. AB and CD are respectively the smallest and the
longest sides of a quadrilateral ABCD as shown in
the figure. Prove that
A>
C and
B>
D.
D
B
A
B
Q
75.
In
s ABC and PQR, AB = PQ, AC = PR and
altitude AM and altitude PN are equal. Show that
ABC ?
PQR.
76.
Prove that the sum of any two sides of a triangle
is greater than twice the length of median drawn
to the third side.
84. In the figure, if two isosceles triangles have a
common base, prove that the line segment joining
their vertices bisects the common base at right
angles.
A
85.
In the figure, AD is a median of
ABC and BL
and CM are perpendiculars drawn from B and C
on AD and AD produced respectively. Prove that
BL = CM.
92.
In the figure,
QPR =
PQR and M and N are
respectively points on sides QR and PR of
PQR,
such that QM = PN. Prove that OP = OQ, where
O is the point of intersection of PM and QN.
A
R
L
B
M
O
M
Q
86.
87.
88.
Prove that two triangles are congruent if any two
93.
angles and the included side of one triangle is
equal to any two angles and the included side of
the other triangle.
In a triangle ABC, AB = AC, E is the mid point
of AB and F is the mid point of AC. Show that
BF = CE.
In the figure, AC = BC,
DCA =
ECB and
DBC =
EAC. Prove that (i)
DBC ?
EAC;
(ii) DC = EC and BD = AE.
D
90.
(i)
ADE ?
BCE, (ii) AE = BE, (iii)
DAE = 15.
E
89.
In the figure, ABCD is a square and
DEC is an
equilateral triangle. Prove that :
In
ABC, AB = AC, and the bisectors of
B and
C intersect at point O. Prove that BO = CO and 94.
the ray AO is the bisector of
BAC.
In the figure, S is any point in the interior of
PQR.
Show that SQ + SR < PQ + PR.
P
In the figure, BAPQ, CARS and BP = RC. Prove
that (i) BS = PQ; (ii) RS = CQ.
S
A
S
95.
In the figure, PQ and RS are perpendicular to QS,
QA = BS and PB = AR.
Prove that
QPB =
SRA.
R
P
B
91.
In a right triangle ABC, right angled at C, M is the
mid point of hypotenuse AB. C is joined to M and
produced to a point D such that DM = CM. Point
D is joined to point B. Show that :
(I)
AMC ?
BMD (ii)
DBC = 90
(iii)
DBC ?
ACB
D
96.
In figure, AP and DP are bisectors of two adjacent
angles A and D of a quadrilateral ABCD. Prove
that 2
APD =
B+
C.
B
A
P
M
D
B
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