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SECTION B

Answer ALL questions in this section.

1 The students record their data in a table similar to table 1.

TABLE 1: DATA ON ORGANISMS IN THE FIELD STUDY


Use the data from table 1 to construct EACH of the following:
(i)
(ii)

A food web (4 mks)


A pyramid of numbers to show the feeding relationships among the organisms living
in the area. (2 mks)

2. (a) The following chemical equation for photosynthesis represents the


reactants used and the products formed.
6CO2 + 6H20

C6H1206 + 602
(glucose)

(i)
Name TWO conditions, which are not shown the equation , that are essential for this
process. (2 mks)
(ii)

Name the gas given off in the process and state which of the reactants produced this gas.

Gas : ________________________
Reactant: _____________________(2 mks)
(iii)
mks)

Explain TWO ways in which plants utilize the glucose produced during this process. (4

(iv)

State THREE environmental factors which affect photosynthesis. (3 mks)

(b)

Unlike plants, animals are unable to synthesize glucose. A boy eats a meal of cassava.

Explain how his body converts the starch in the cassava to glucose. Name the organs and the
enzymes involved in this process.
(4 mks)

1.

Which activity is essential for all living things?


a. Walking
b. sleeping
c. respiration
d. running

2.

The bush pig which has been observed to feed on a diet of plant roots as well as birds
eggs, is
a.A herbivore
b.
A carnivore
c.An omnivore
d.
A detritivore

3.

In multicellular organisms, cells become different from one another in order to carry out
particular functions. This is called
a.Adaptation
b. Selection
c.Specialization
d. Evolution

4.

Which of the following cell structures are associated with energy transfer?
I
II
III
IV

Chloroplast
mitochondrion
nucleus
cell membrane

a.I and II only


b. I and III only
c.II and III only
d. II and IV only
5.

Which of the following processes is responsible for the movement of water out of a plant
cell?
a.
b.
c.
d.

6.

Filtration
Dehydration
Osmosis
Capillarity

How does oxygen pass out through the stomata of leaves?


a.Diffusion
b.
Evaporation
c.Osmosis

d.
7.

Transpiration

7 The oxygen released during the process of photosynthesis comes from the
a.Carbon dioxide
b.
Water
c.Degraded glucose molecules
d.
Air spaces within the leaves

8.

A mature plant cell is different from a mature animal cell because it has
a.A large permanent vacuole
b. Mitochondria
c.A nucleus in the cytoplasm
d. A cell membrane

9.

9 In which of the following cells of a green leaf does photosynthesis occur?


I
II
III
IV
a.
b.
c.
d.

10.

Phloem
Palisade mesophyll
Spongy mesophyll
Guard cells

I, II and III only


I, III and IV only
II and III only
I, II, III and IV

Plants give off oxygen in the day because


a.Respiration does not take place
b. Respiration takes place faster than photosynthesis
c.Photosynthesis takes place faster than respiration
d. Transpiration takes place

11.

Magnesium is an essential element for

a.
b.
c.
d.
12.

The formation of cell walls.


The formation of chlorophyll.
The formation of proteins.
The process of cell division.
One of the problems with nutrition for a vegetarian is that
a.
b.
c.
d.

Fats and oils are not produced by plants


Large quantities of food are needed to supply essential amino acids
Vitamins produced by plants are of inferior quality
Large quantities of food are needed to supply essential minerals

13.

What is the end product of digestion of protein?


a.Amino acids
b.
Fatty acids
c.Glucose
d.
Polypeptides

14.

Which of the following would MOST likely occur if enzymes were NOT present in
living cells?
a.Slow rate of reaction
b. High rate of reaction
c.Reaction requiring higher temperatures
d. No reaction

Items 15 and 16 refer to the following enzymes found in the human digestive system
a.
b.
c.
d.

amylase
pepsin
lipase
trypsin

15.

Which enzyme would work best in an acid pH?

16.

Which enzyme is concerned with the breakdown of fat?

17.

Which equation represents anaerobic respiration?


6CO2 + 6H2O
b.
C6H12O6
+ 6O2
c.
C6H12O6
d. 6C6H12O6 + 6O2
a.

C6H12O6 + 6O2
6CO2 + 6H2O
2C2H5OH
6CO2 + 6H2O

+
+
+
+

Energy
Energy
2CO2 + Energy
Energy