You are on page 1of 24

Eng 101

Works Cited pages

Source Reliability

Article Discussion

What is a Works Cited page?

Alphabetical list of sources found at the end of a research-based essay

Entries are listed alphabetically by authors or editors last name or by the title
of the work if no author/editor is available

Author names are written last name, first name, middle name (or initials)



David M.


DO NOT list titles (Dr., Sir, Saint, etc.) or degrees (PhD, MA, DDS, etc.)

Smith, PhD appears as Smith, John

DO include suffixes (Jr., II., etc.)


David Foster

Martin Luther King, Jr. appears as King, Martin Luther, Jr.

Works Cited page basics

One-inch margins, same header as rest of essay, double spaced (no extra
spaces between citations)

Works Cited (do not italicize, underline, bold, or put inside quotation marks)
centered at top of page

First line of each entry is NOT indented. The second and subsequent lines are
indented (hanging indent).

Page numbers are hyphenated, not separated by a dash

URLs for Web entries are no longer required (instructor/publisher discretion)


DOIs should be used instead of URLs

Works Cited page basics

Use italics (do not underline) titles of larger works (books, magazines, etc).

Commas are used instead of periods between Publisher, Publication Date,

and Pagination.

Medium is no longer necessary.

Containers are now a part of the MLA process, in light of technology. Periods
should be used between Containers.

DOIs should be used instead of URLS when available.

Use the phrase, Accessed on instead of listing the date or the

abbreviation, n.d.

Works Cited page basics

It there is more than one entry per author, works are arranged alphabetically
by title

For second and all additional entries, type three hyphens and a period in
place of the authors name

Stanko, Jeannine. I Like Belly Dancing. Pittsburgh: Random, 2014. Print.

---. I Like Cats. Pittsburgh: Random, 2014. Print.

Citing a Book
Jacobs, Alan. The Pleasures of Reading in an Age of
Distraction. Oxford UP, 2011.

this version, only the most essential information is

included (authors name, book title, publisher, and date).
Note that the city of publication is not needed, and the
medium of publication is eliminated.

Citing an Article from a Scholarly Journal

Kincaid, Jamaica. In History. Callaloo, vol. 24, no. 2, Spring
2001, pp. 620-26.

This version identifies the volume (24), the number (2), and the
page numbers (620-26) of the scholarly journal, rather than
leaving those numbers without clear explanation. This helps
readers best make sense of your citation and allows them to
locate your source without getting bogged down with extra
information or references that can be difficult to decipher. Also
note that punctuation is simple; only commas separate the journal
title, volume, number, date, and page numbers.

Citing an Article from an Anthology

Last name, First name. "Title of Essay." Title of Collection, edited
by Editor's Name(s), Publisher, Year, Page range of entry.


Harris, Muriel. "Talk to Me: Engaging Reluctant Writers." A Tutor's

Guide: Helping Writers One to One, edited by Ben Rafoth,
Heinemann, 2000, pp. 24-34.

How to create a Works Cited page

First, adhere to all of the basics as outlined in the previous slides

Third, find the appropriate formula to document the necessary information

of the source


Core elements

Author. Title of source. Title of container, Other contributors, Version,

Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location.

How to create a Works Cited page

Online Bib Generators - WARNING

Not always correct

Inaccurate information

Not up-to-date with current MLA

User error


Electronic Sources

Author and/or editor names (if available)

Article name in quotation marks.

Title of the website, project, or book in italics.

Any version numbers available, including editions (ed.), revisions, posting dates,
volumes (vol.), or issue numbers (no.).

Publisher information, including the publisher name and publishing date.

Take note of any page numbers (p. or pp.) or paragraph numbers (par. or pars.).

Date you accessed the material (Date Accessed).

URL (without the https://) DOI or permalink.

Remember to cite containers after your regular citation. Examples of containers

are collections of short stories or poems, a television series, or even a website. A
container is anything that is a part of a larger body of works.

Use the following format:

Author. Title. Title of container (self contained if book), Other contributors

(translators or editors), Version (edition), Number (vol. and/or no.), Publisher,
Publication Date, Location (pages, paragraphs and/or URL, DOI or permalink).
2nd containers title, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication
date, Location, Date of Access (if applicable).

Source Reliability

In groups

What makes a source reliable?

What makes a source unreliable

Decide whether your sources are reliable or unreliable. Why?

Source-Based Papers

Quality of your research and success of any paper lies upon locating
relevant, significant, reliable, and current sources

Do NOT use information obtained through a general search engine

Types of research data

Secondary Sources

Found in books, periodicals, peer-reviewed journals

Primary Sources

Experiments, observations, surveys, interviews, diaries, letters

Types of acceptable sources



Footnote references & external links can be useful

Biographical Sources

Almanacs and Yearbooks

Literature Guides and Handbooks

Overviews and Bibliographies

Licensed Databases

Provides access to peer-reviewed articles

Held in high regards in academia

Refer to pages 212-215 for effective search terms

Scholarly Journals

Tend to be heavily researched with numerous notes and references

Generally published by university presses

Authors are university professors

Generally peer reviewed by other scholars in field

Evaluating Sources

pages fall into 5 types

Advocacy of a particular POV or
Personal page

Questions for reliability

Whats the likelihood that the information has been checked by anyone
other than the author?

What are the authors qualifications to write on the subject?

What is the reputation of the publisher?

Who is the author?

What are the biases of the Web site?

How current is the site?

Which topics are included in the site? To what extent are the topics
covered in depth?




watch currency

Government publications and other statistical sources

Level of bias


Dont provide citations so of limited usefulness for scholarly



Interviews and surveys

Bias (tips pg. 222)

Is your source reliable?

For Monday...

mock works cited page using

the sources provided on the next slide


Chapter 6 (pgs. 106-117)

Sources for mock works cited page.

Pretend that you are writing an essay that is 9 pages in length. Create a
complete MLA Works Cited Page using the following sources:

interview in person with Robert Akins, November 19, 2010

Website article by Dr. Joshua Smith entitled The Many Uses of Pencils.
It was published March 22, 2010 and viewed August 3, 2012. The URL
is www.articlesonline.smith/pencils.html

Pens vs. Pencils written by Henry Goldman and Elizabeth Howard.

Published by Gold House in Philadelphia in 1989.

The Beauty of Mechanical Pencils by Alexander Morrow, published by

Westing Forge in Denver, CO in 2011.

Short video called The Ink of Mystery, directed by Bernard Howard

and starring Kurt Sherman, distributed by Public Video in November

Encyclopedia of Style article, Writing Utensils, by John Gruber,

published in 2008, 5th edition