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Tarea III

436- An insulated pistoncylinder device contains 5 L of saturated liquid water at a

constant pressure of 175 kPa. Water is stirred by a paddle wheel while a current of 8 A
flows for 45 min through a resistor placed in the water If one-half of the liquid is
evaporated during this constant-pressure process and the paddle-wheel work amounts
to400kJ, determine the voltage of the source. Also, show the process on a P-v diagram with
respect to saturation lines. Answer: 224 V

4134. Two rigid tanks are connected by a valve. Tank A contains 0.2 m3 of water at 400 kPa and 80 percent
quality. Tank B contains 0.5 m3 of water at 200 kPa and 250C. The valve is now opened, and the two tanks
eventually come to the same state. Determine the pressure and the amount of heat transfer when the system
reaches thermal equilibrium with the surroundings at 25C. Answers: 3.17 kPa, 2170 kJ

530 Air enters an adiabatic nozzle steadily at 300 kPa, 200C,and 30 m/s and leaves at 100
kPa and 180 m/s. The inlet area of the nozzle is 80 cm 2. Determine (a) the mass flow rate
through the nozzle,(b) the exit temperature of the air, and (c) the exit area of the nozzle.
Answers: (a) 0.5304kg/s, (b) 184.6C, (c) 38.7 cm

549 Steam flows steadily through an adiabatic turbine. The inlet conditions of the steam
are 10 MPa, 450C,and 80 m/s, and the exit conditions are 10 kPa,92 percent quality, and
50m/s. The mass flow rate of the steam is 12 kg/s. Determine (a) he change in kinetic
energy, (b) the power output, and(c)the turbine inlet area. Answers:(a) 1.95 kJ/kg, (b)
10.2MW, (c) 0.00447 m2

671 A Carnot heat engine operates between a source at1000 K and a sink at 300 K. If the
heat engine is supplied with heat at a rate of 800 kJ/min, determine (a) the thermal
efficiency and (b) the power output of this heat engine. Answers: a) 70 percent, (b) 9.33

676 In tropical climates, the water near the surface of the ocean remains warm throughout
the year as a result of solar energy absorption. In the deeper parts of the ocean, however, the
water remains at a relatively low temperature since the suns rays cannot penetrate very far.
It is proposed to take advantage of this temperature difference and construct a power plant
that will absorb heat from the warm water near the surface and reject the waste heat to the
cold water a few hundred meters below. Determine the maximum thermal efficiency of
such a plant if the water temperatures at the two respective locations are 24 and 3C.