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GENESIS:

TECHNICAL

REPORT CERC-89-19

GENERALIZED

SHORELINE

MODEL

FOR

CHANGE

Report 1

TECHNICAL

REFERENCE

by

Hans Hanson

SIMULATING

Department of Water Resources Engineering Lund Institute of Science and Technology

University of Lund, Box 118, Lund, Sweden

and

Nicholas

C. Kraus

S-221

00

Coastal Engineering Research Center

DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Waterways Experiment Station, Corps of Engineers

3909 Halls Ferry Road, Vicksburg, Mississippi

December 1989

Reprinted August 199-

Report 1 of a Series

39180-6199

ApprovedFor PublicRelease; DistributionUnlimited

Prepared for DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY US Army Corps of Engineers

Washington, DC

Under Surf

Zone Sediment

20314-1000

Transport

Processes

Work Unit 34321 and Shoreline and Beach Topography Response Modeling Work Unit 32530

SECURITY

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REPORT

NUMBER(S)

Technical

Report

CERC-89-19

6a.

NAMEOF

PERFORMING

ORGANIZATION

See

reverse.

6c.

ADDRESS

(Cdy,

State,

See reverse.

and

Z/P Code)

8a. NAMEOFFUNDING/SPONSORING ORGANIZATION

 

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RESTRICTIVE

MARKi

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DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY

 

OF

REPORT

 

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for public release;

distribution

unlimited

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MONITORING

ORGANIZATION

REPORT

NUMBER(S)

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SYMBOL

7a

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OF

MONITORING

ORGANIZATION

 

(/f

app/icab/e)

 
 

7b.

ADDRESS

(City,

State, and

Z/p Code)

 
 

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Bb.

OFFICE

SYMBOL

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PROCUREMENT

 

INSTRUMENT

IDENTIFICATION

NUMBER

(If

applicable)

 

US Army

Ec.ADDRESS

Washington,

Corps

of Engineers

(Cky,

State, and ZIP Code)

DC

20314-1000

I

10

SOURCE

OF

FUNDING

NUMBERS

PROGRAM

PROJECT

TASK

ELEMENT

NO

NO.

NO

WORK

UNIT

%?$~!PNa;8

i

GENESIS:

Generalized

Model for Simulating

Shoreline

Change:

Report 1, Technical

Reference

Hanson,

Hans; Kraus, Nicholas

C.

13a.

TYPE

OF

REPORT

13b.

TIME

COVERED

14

DATE

OF

REPORT

(Year,

Month,

Day)

15

PAGE

COUNT

I

I

? I

I

I

I

Report

1 of

a series

 

16. SUPPLEMENTARY

NOTATION

 

Available

from National

Technical

Information

Service,

5285 Port

Royal

Road,

Springfield,

17

COSATI

CODES

18

SUBJECT

TERMS

(Continue

on

reverse

If

necessary

and

identify

by

b/ock

number)

FIELD

19.ABSTRACT

GROUP

SUB-GROIJP

Beach change

 
 

Longshure

 

sand transport

Numerical

model

(Continue

on

reverse

if

necessary

and

identify

by

block

number)

Shoreline

Shoreline

Shore protection

change

change model

This report documents

a numerical

modeling

to simulate

long-term

shoreline

change at coastal

system named GENESIS,

engineerinfi projects

which is designed

as produced

by

spatial

and temporal

changes

in longshore

sand transport.

The name “GENESIS”

is an

acronym

that stands for Generalized

extents

and time periods

Model for Simulating

of modeled

fiojects

ca=

Shoreline

Change.

Typical

be

in the

ranges

of 1 to

longshore 100 km and

1 to 100 months,

detached

breakwaters,

respectively,

and almost arbitrary

numbers

and combinations

of groins,

seawalls,

jetties,

and beach

fills can be represented.

GENESIS

contains

what is believed

to be a reasonable

balance

 

between

present

capabilities

to efficiently

and accurately

calculate

coastal

sediment

processes

from engineering

data

and the limitations

in both

the data and knowledge

of sediment

transport

and beach

change.

20.DISTRIBUTION

/AVAILABILITY

OF

ABSTRACT

@

UNCLASSIFIEDWNLIMITED

SAME

AS

RPT

22a.

NAME

OF

RESPONSIBLE

INDIVIDUAL

 
 

21

ABSTRACT

SECURITY

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DTIC

USERS

Unclassified

 

22t!

TELEPHONE

[Include

Area

Code)

22c.

OFFICE

SYMBOL

1

I

DDForm

1473,

JUN

86

Prevjous

editions

are

obsolete

SECURITY

CLASSIFICATION

OF

THIS

PAGE

 

lJnclasslfled

Unclassified

SECURITY

CLASSIFICATION

OF

THIS

PAGE

14.

DATE

OF REPORT

(Continued).

 

December

1989 (Reprinted

August

1991)

6.

NAME AND ADDRESS

OF PERFORMING

ORGANIZATION

(Continued).

 

University

of Lund

 

Lund Institute

of Science and Technology

 

Department

of Water Resources

Engineering

Box 118,

Lund,

Sweden

S-221

00

USAEWES,

Coastal

Engineering

Research

Center

3909 Halls

Ferry

Road

Vicksburg,

MS

39180-6199

 

19.

ABSTRACT

(Continued).

 

The modeling

system is operated

through

a structured

and user–friendly

interface

so

that

the operator

report

serves

need not become

familiar

reference

with detailed

of the computer

code.

This

as a technical

to Version

aspects 2 of GENESIS

and

is also designed

to be an operator’s

manual

by providing

instructions

for using the interface.

The

methodology

for application

of the modeling

system is described

who deal with evaluation

from the perspective

of

the needs

of both engineers

and planners

of shore-protection

projects.

Capabilities

and limitations

of the modeling

system are presented

in the

text

and through

examples,

and

the report

concludes

with a fully documented

case study

involving

application

of the modeling

system and exercise

of many

of its features.

SECURITY

Unclassified

CLASSIFICATION

OF

THIS

PAGE

PREFACE

The work described herein was authorized as a part of the Civil Works Research and Development Program by Headquarters, US Army Corps of Engineers (HQUSACE). Work was performed under the Surf Zone Sediment Transport Proces- ses Work Unit 34321 and the Shoreline and Beach Topography Response Modeling Work Unit 32592, which are part of the Shore Protection and Restoration Program at the Coastal Engineering Research Center (CERC) at the US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (WES). Messrs. John H. Lockhart, Jr., and John G. Housley were HQUSACE Technical Monitors. This report was written and the shoreline change modeling system improved over the period from 1 May 1988 through 30 September 1989 by Dr. Hans Hanson, Associate Professor, Department of Water Resources Engineering (DWRE), Lund Institute of Science and Technology, University of Lund (uL), Sweden, and Dr. Nicholas C. Kraus, Senior Scientist, Research Division (RD), CERC. Work performed at the UL was under the administrative supervision of Professor Dr. Gunnar Lindh, Head, DWRE. The CERC portion of the study was under the general administrative supervision of Dr. James R. Houston, Chief, CERC; Mr. Charles C. Calhoun, Jr., Assistant Chief, CERC; Dr. Charles L. Vincent, Program Manager, Shore Protection and Restoration Program, CERC; and Mr. H.

Lee Butler, Chief, RD, CERC. The framework of this report was developed and a detailed draft outline written while Dr. Kraus was in residence at DWRE over the period May-June 1988. Dr. Kraus was Principal Investigator of Work Unit 34321 during the conceptual and model development phase of this study; Ms. Kathryn J. Gingerich, Coastal Processes Branch (CPB), RD, was Principal Investigator

during preparation of the working draft of this report, which was used in a September 1989 workshop. Final revision and publication of this report were made under the Shoreline and Beach Topography Response Modeling Work Unit 32592. Mr. Mark B. Gravens, CPB, was Principal Investigator of Work Unit 32592, under the direct supervision of Mr. Bruce A. Ebersole, Chief, CPB. Ms. Gingerich, Mr. Gravens, and Ms. Julie Dean Rosati, CPB, provided valuable reviews of the report. Ms. Joan Pope, Chief, Coastal Structures and Evaluation Branch, Engineering Development Division, reviewed the case study

1

and made many clarifications. Ms. Gingerich made substantial editorial contributions in preparation of the draft report used in the workshop and assisted in many details involved with production of this report. Ms. Carolyn Dickson and Mr. Fulton Carson, CPB, prepared most of the computer-generated figures. Ms. Carrie F. Williford, RD, assisted in editing and formatting preliminary drafts of this report. Participants of the September 1989 workshop are acknowledged for suggestions on improvement of this report. This report was edited by Ms. Lee Byrne, Information Technology Laboratory, WES .

COL Larry B. Fulton, EN, was Commander and Director of WES during final report preparation and publication. Dr. Robert W. Whalin was Technical Director.

2

CONTENTS

b

PREFACE.

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LISTOFTABLES

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LISTOFFIGURES.

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6

CONVERSION FACTORS, NON-SI TO SI (METRIC) UNITS OF MEASUREMENT

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PART I: INTRODUCTION.

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9

GENESIS.

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9

Mode of Interaction with GENESIS

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11

Cautions

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13

ScopeofThisReport

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13

PART II:

OVERVIEW OF BEACH CHANGE MODELS

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15

Need for Models of Shoreline

. Shoreline Change Model and Capabilities

Change

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15

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Duration and Extent

of Simulation

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17

Comparison of Beach Change Models

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20

Conclusions.

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24

PART III: SHORELINE CHANGE MODELING AS A TOOL IN THE PLANNING PROCESS

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25

Elements of the Planning

Process

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25

Role of Shoreline Change Modeling

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29

Conclusions.

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31

PART IV: PROJECT EVALUATION

AND USES OF GENESIS

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32

Scoping ModeandDesign

Mode

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32

Input Data

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33

Boundary Conditions.

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41

Variability

in Coastal

Processes

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42

Calibration

and Verification

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44

Sensitivity

Testing.

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45

Interpretationof

Results

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45

PART V: THEORY OF SHORELINE RESPONSE MODELING AND GENESIS

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Basic Assumptions of Shoreline Change Modeling

 

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47

Governing Equation for Shoreline Change

 

50

Sand Transport Rates

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54

Empirical Parameters Wave Calculation

. Internal Wave Transformation External Wave Transformation

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Model

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61

62

74

3

CONTENTS (Continued)

Limiting Deepwater Wave Steepness

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Wave Energy Windows.

. Grid System and Finite Difference Solution Scheme

Numerical

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. Longshore Transport Rate:

Beach Fill

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PART VI: STRUCTURE OF GENESIS

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Preparation toRunGENESIS

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Input Files.

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. Error and Warning Messages

Output Files

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PART VII: REPRESENTATION OF STRUCTURES AND BEACH FILL

 

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Types of Structures and Their Effects Grid Cells and Numbers of Structures

 

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Representation of Structures

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Complex Groin Configurations

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Seawalls

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. Time-Varying Structure Configurations

Beach Fills.

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PART VIII: CASE STUDY OF LAKEVIEW PARK, LORAIN, OHIO

Background

 

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Calibration

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Existing Project

 

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AssemblyofData

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and Verification

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. Sensitivity and Variability Tests

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Alternative Structure Configurations

 

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Five-Year Simulation

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Summary and Discussion

 

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REFERENCES

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APPENDIX

A: REVIEW OF RELATED GENESIS STUDIES

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APPENDIX

B: BLANKINPUTFILES

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4

Eu3f2

76

77

81

84

86

‘O

91

97

97

102

104

123

124

125

126

126

129

136

138

138

138

139

143

145

146

148

149

149

152

155

166

169

173

175

176

179

Al

B1

‘1

CONTENTS (Continued)

Eaf32

SHORL .

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B4

SEAW-L .

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.

B5

DEPTH .

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B5

WAVES

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B6