18 views

Original Title: TOMEJ-9-954.pdf

Uploaded by AVINASH

- ETABS-2013-V13.1.3
- MSC.Nastran 2004 Release Guide
- NASTRANrelease.pdf
- Introduction to Plate
- Rudman Investigtation 2009
- Beams Subject to Torsion and Bending
- A Computational Study of Buckling Analysis of Filament Wound Composite Pressure Vessel Subjected to Hydrostatic Pressure.pdf
- workshop_17-inertia_relief_from_MSCNASTRAN
- 125760133 Buckling of Thin Metal Shells 88
- Assessment of Load Carrying Capacity of Castellated Steel Beams By
- Memd221 Lab Manual Sem 2 2015 2016
- Nasa Beam+Column Stability
- supp_kstiffened_plate.pdf
- BS Structural Sections
- Buckling strength of hydraulic cylinders
- 13 Contact and Glue Conditions
- Curved Girders Are Special'
- 10.11648.j.ajce.20140203.17.pdf
- Column
- Elastic and inelastic local buckling of stiffened plates subjected to non-uniform compression using the Galerkin method

You are on page 1of 7

ae

954

Open Access

Wei Zhang*,1,2,3, Chen Zhang2, Jiangbo Zhao3 and Chunzhi Du1

1

Airport College, Civil Aviation University of China, 100 Road Xunhai, Tianjin, P.R. China

Sino-European Institute of Aviation Engineering, 100 Road Xunhai, Tianjin, P.R. China

Aviation Ground Special Equipment Research 100 Road Xunhai, Tianjin, P.R. China

Abstract: This paper studies the static stability of six kinds of scissor lifts with one input force of hydraulic actuator, and

the input is on the lines of the nodes of the scissor lifts. Firstly the static stability of single scissor arm is studied by using

energy method and modeling method in the software Nastran. The stability results of two methods are compared. Then the

scissor lift models with hydraulic actuators are made to analyze the static stability. The static stability of six kinds of

scissor lifts are compared. The results of the overall model are closer to the actual situation. By analyzing single arm

models it is easier to compare theoretical solutions and modeling solutions, thus the study of stability of single scissor arm

is meaningful.

Keywords: Scissor lift, static stability, energy method, finite element method.

1. INTRODUCTION OF SCISSOR LIFTS WITH

DIFFERENT INPUT VECTORS

Scissor lifting mechanism is a typical lift machine [1-6]

which has many advantages such as stable structure [4],

reliable operation [1], high efficiency [2, 3, 5] and low

failure rate [2, 6], etc. As a key component of platforms, the

stability of scissors lifting mechanism determines the safety

of the platform equipment [1, 6]. The instablility of scissor

lift will make agency staff wounded or even death. In this

paper, models of single scissor arm are made by using Finite

Element software. The Critical load is calculated by buckling

analysis. The theoretical results of critical loads are

calculated by using energy method. The two results of

modeling and energy method are compared. The FEM

models of the total scissor lifts mechanism are made and the

stability of scissor lifts with different input vectors are

compared.

For a scissor lift with one input force of hydraulic

actuator, and the input is on the lines of the nodes of the

scissor lifts, there are 6 different kinds of scissor lifts in total,

as shown in Fig. (1).

2. RELATED DATA OF MODELS

The main parts of scissor lifts are two scissor arms, a

hydraulic actuator and a platform. The models are simplified

as two dimension models with a hypothesis that the load W

is fixed in the middle of the platform. The actuator force is P,

the length of two scissor arms are 2 L with their number

shown in Fig. (2).

between ground and the scissor arm, the blue line represents

the hydraulic actuator. All the references of the scissor lift

are shown in Fig. (2).

The material of the scissor arm is aluminum alloy, with

Youngs modulus 70 GPa, Poisson ratio 0.3 and density

2.5 10 6 kg mm 3 . The material of the hydraulic actuator is

steel with Youngs modulus 200 GPa, Poisson ratio 0.3, and

density is 7.8 10 6 kg mm 3 .

Based on the equation of input hydraulic force and the

load, we can get

P=

2Wl

N sin + M cos tan

(1)

Table 1.

For all the rest of the research the data of all references

are given:l=600mm, W=2000N, the valuevaries from 15

degree to 45 degree. All the other data of references are

shown in Table 2.

The cross section of the scissor arm is shown in Fig. (3),

with the data B=30 mm, H=50 mm, b=24 mm, h=44 mm.

The area of the cross section, and the inertial moment.

A = HB hb = 444mm 2

I=

BH 3 bh 3

= 142000mm 4

12

In order to analyze the stability of scissor arms, the

internal forces of the nodes must be calculated. Each of the

five nodes are given a number. In the coordinate system the

1874-155X/15

of the platform, the hypothesis is given. The first case is

shown in Fig. (4).

Table 1.

and load.

Case

-c

f-2l

2l-f

c+f-2l

2l-c

2l-f

2l

f-c

Table 2.

Fig. (4). Coordinate system and number of nodes in the scissor lifts.

Reference

c (mm)

200

200

f (mm)

a (mm)

200

200

548

300

W

2

6

200

300

d (mm)

Fy1 = Fy2 =

548

400

200

300

P cos + Fx4 = 0

(2)

(3)

L cos

+ Fy5L cos + Pasin = 0

2

(4)

Fx3 = Fx4

(5)

956

Fy3 + Fy4

Zhang et al.

W

=0

2

(6)

2:

W

+ Fy5 Fy3 + P sin = 0

2

(7)

U to F. When the derivation equals 0, the relevant force

equals critical load.

Take the first case as an example. In order to analyze the

stability of scissor arm, a simplification of boundary

condition is given in Fig. (5).

Analyze the scissor arm number 1

nodes represented by W and P (See Table 3).

Table 3.

Fx

P sin

asin

P sin P

L cos

P sin

W

asin

P sin + P

2

L cos

W

P sin

2

Fy

case.

W

2

get:

(11)

M 1 = F(Vmax + V1 ) + Fl

(12)

difficult to calculate the deflection. A simplification is made

to help solve the problem: the deflection of scissor arm is

made by axial load. Then we get the results:

ENERGY METHOD

The total potential energy of an object is equal to the

puissance of all forces from the stress state position to

unstressed position. Since both the external force and

internal force contributed to the puissance, the total potential

energy expression is

=U +V

M 2 = F(Vmax + V2 + l - x)

(8)

an elastic body, U equals to outer puissance, therefore

= -U

V1 =

Fx(l 2 - x 2 )

6EI

(13)

V2 =

Fx 3 Flx 2 Fl 2 x

6EI 2EI 3EI

(14)

Vmax = -

F 2 dx M 2 dx

dU =

+

2EA

2EI

(9)

(15)

calculated in Matlab and we can get Fcr =21078 N. As for the

arm number 2 as shown in Fig. (6), there is a hydraulic force

at x=c, the axial force

F2 =(

to the axial force equals 0, the arm is in equilibrium. When

the second derivative of potential energy to the axial force is

bigger than 0, the arm is in stable equilibrium. In this case

the axial load is the critical load.

The first derivative of internal energy is:

2Fl 3

3EI

W

asin

-P

)sin = 140kN

2

l cos

case.

Suppose there are vertical and axial load on the arm, for

right arm, the deflection is

length l, the integration of internal energy is:

U= (

0

2

2l F dx

F 2 dx M 12 dx

M 2 dx

+

)+ (

+ 2 )

l

2EA

2EI

2EA

2EI

F2 x(l 2 x 2 )

6EI

.

For left arm, we can divide it into two parts:

(10)

F3 (l c)x(x 2 l 2 + (l c)2 )

6lEI

0xc

F3 (l x)c(x 2 l 2 + (l c)2 )

6lEI

c xl

(16)

case equals to =21030 N.

6EI

6lEI

V1 =

(17)

(18)

Vc = 2

6EI

6lEI

(19)

V2 =

6EI

6lEI

(20)

M 2 = FL + F(Vmax -V2 )

dU

d 2U

>0

=0

2

dF

, dF

(21)

W

asin

-P

)sin

2

l cos

1

2l

asin

=W( )sin

2 (2l c)sin + c cos tan l cos

Fcr = (

=21030 N.

The critical axail force and the critical load of the 6 kinds

of scissor lifts are calculated by using energy method. All the

results are shown in the Table 4. Since the fifth case is

special, the scissor arm number 1 of the fifth case does not

buckle or have a potential of losing stability under the

boundary condition that is given, in this paper we only study

the scissor arm number 2 of this case.

For each case of the scissor lifts, the final critical load

equals the smaller critical load of its two scissor arms.

For each case of the scissor lifts, the final critical load

equals the smaller critical load of its two scissor arms.

5. FEM MODELING ANALYSIS OF THE SCISSOR ARM

Fx 3 FLx 2

Fl 2 F3 (c 3 cl 2 )

+

+(

+

)x

6EI 2EI

3EI

6lEI

V3 = Vmax =

(22)

2Fl

F

+ 3 (c 3 cl 2 )

3EI 6EI

(23)

M 3 = F(Vmax V3 + l x)

(24)

scissor arm:

F 2 dx F3'2 dx M 12 dx

+

+

)

0 2EA

2EA

2EI

2

2

l F dx

l F dx

M 2 dx

M 2 dx

+ (

+ 2 )+ (

+ 3 )

c 2EA

0 2EA

2EI

2EI

c

U= (

(25)

calculation method. It is also a method of numerical solution

of solving field problem. The principle is dividing the

continuous solution domain into a finite number of discrete

units, find an approximate solution with the approximate

function within each cell hypothesis, Then all the cells are

combined to form a corresponding numerical model

according to standard methods. In this paper MSC.Patran

and MSC.Nastran are used to analyse the static stability of

the scissor lift, the critical load of different cases are

analysed in Nastran by using buckling analyse.

Take the first case as an example, the main steps of

modeling in Patran are as follows:

1.

length 1200 mm, from the point (0, 0, 0) to the

point (1200, 0, 0).

Table 4.

Case

expression

W

sin

2

W P sin

cos

2

W - P sin

cos

2

W

sin

2

Fcr,1

1

asin

sin ( - P

)W

2

l cos

W

sin

2

W

sin

2

Fcr,1

21078

21080

5240

16300

Fcr,2

21030

20890

21080

21080

Wcr,1

59600

33460

52400

46110

Wcr,2

297300

59090

59630

58560

Fcr,2

expression

(P

2(l - f )sin( - ) W

- )cos

2l cos

2

W

sin

2

(

W

asin

-P

)cos

2

l cos

W

cos

2

18700

21080

20760

62900

112700

58730

958

Zhang et al.

2.

curve and give 101 nodes.

3.

Youngs modulus equals 70 GPa, and poison ratio

equals 0.3.

4.

arms.

5.

correspond to the models hypotheses

MODEL

6.

hypotheses, add a force of <-707, -707, 0> on the

node of right edge.

7.

buckling factor of first degree.

scissor arms and a hydraulic actuator, the actuator is a

cylinder model with the material of steel. Static stability

analysis of the model includes scissor arm instability and

hydraulic cylinder instability.

8.

buckling factor in patran.

lift as the examples that modeled as type in Fig. (7), the

buckling results are shown in Figs. (8, 9).

The same analysis and the corresponding results of single

scissor arm buckling critical load factor can be obtained

through the six kinds of scissor lifts each. All the buckling

factors and critical loads of the six kinds of scissor lifts are

shown in Table 5. For each case the smaller critical load of

the two scissor arms is the critical load of the scissor lift.

Fig. (8). Buckling results of the scissor arm number 1 of second case.

arm number 1 of the fifth case doesnt have a stability

problem in the hypothesis of boundary condition given in the

paper. Only the stability of scissor arm number 2 of fifth

case is considered. Take the results of energy method and

modeling method of the six cases of scissor lifts and make a

comparison. The result is shown in Table 6.

element with Youngs Modulus equals 200 Gpa and Poisson

ratio equals 0.3.

When making the model of scissor lift, we select the

lifting angle equals 15 degrees, 30 degrees and 45 degrees.

Take the first case with lifting angle equals 45 degree as an

example, the model is shown in Fig. (10).

For any kind of scissor lift, the minimum critical load

values in the three cases is the critical load of the case. The

critical buckling load factor and the modeling results

obtained are shown in Table 7.

Fig. (9). Buckling results of the scissor arm number 2 of second case.

Table 5.

Case

W_energy (N)

59600

33460

52400

46110

112700

62900

W_modeling (N)

63730

35760

52800

46930

120500

64190

Difference (%)

6.5

6.4

0.76

1.7

6.5

2.0

Table 6.

Comparison of energy method and modeling method of scissor arms static stability.

Case

Factor1

31.86

-17.879

-26.413

-23.462

Factor2

160.91

31.86

31.863

-31.228

Fcr,1 (N)

22530

22530

5280

16590

Fcr,2 (N)

22530

22530

22530

22480

Wcr,1 (N)

63730

35760

52800

46930

Wcr,1 (N)

318670

63730

63730

62460

32.093

60.23

31.863

22690

22530

22530

64190

120500

63730

critical load, the order of static stability of six cases from

good to bad is: 5, 4, 1, 6, 2, 3.

CONCLUSION

This paper studies the static stability of six kinds of

scissor lifts with one input force of hydraulic actuator, and

the input is on the lines of the nodes of the scissor lifts. The

static stability of six kinds of scissor lifts are compared.

of two methods are basically consistent, which verified the

accuracy of the single scissor arm critical loads. When using

the finite element model to analyze the stability, the method

Eigen value buckling analysis is used. The results of

modeling and simulation is slightly larger than the energy

analysis results, because the Eigen value buckling analysis

result is considered as the upper limit of the critical load.

960

Table 7.

Zhang et al.

Case

Factor_15

12.56

1.97

1.43

13.59

35.755

11.88

W_15(N)

25120

3940

2860

27180

71510

23760

Factor_30

11.25

2.65

3.07

11.64

67.803

10.03

W_30(N)

22500

5300

6140

23280

135606

20060

Factor_45

9.89

3.22

5.2

10.01

87.939

8.70

W_45(N)

19780

6440

10400

20020

175878

17400

19780

3940

2860

20020

71510

17400

lift are compared. The results obtained from single scissor

arm are better than the overall scissor lift model, which is

due to its stronger boundary conditions. The results of the

overall model are closer to the actual situation. By analyzing

single arm models it is easier to compare theoretical

solutions and modeling solutions, thus the study of stability

of single scissor arm is meaningful.

grateful to all who provided helps for this research.

REFERENCES

[1]

[2]

CONFLICT OF INTEREST

The authors confirm that this article content has no

conflict of interest.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

[4]

[5]

Foundation of China and Civil Aviation Administration of

China jointly funded project (Grant # U1233106), the

Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities

funded project (Grant # ZXH2012H007) and the university

scientific research project of Civil Aviation University of

[3]

[6]

Scissor Lift Mechanism Employing Telescopable ElectroMechanism Lift Actuation Arrangement, US Patent US6044927A,

2000.

T. Liu, and J. Sun, Simulative calculation and optimal design of

scissor lifting mechanism, In: Chinese Control and Decision

Conference, Guilin, 2009, pp. 2079-2082.

H. Tian, and Z. Zhang, Design and simulation based on pro/E for

A hydraulic lift platform in scissors type, Journal of SciVerse

ScienceDirect, vol.16, pp.772-781, 2011.

A. Yenal, and G. C. Sobek, Werner A novel adaptive spatial

scissor-hinge structural mechanism for convertible roofs, Journal

of Engineering Structures, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 1365-1376, 2011.

K. Guo, C. Pan, and X. Zhang, A method of establishing and

analyzing universal kinematics model based on plane scissor-like

element, Journal of Machine Design and Research, vol. 26, no.

6, pp. 27-30, 2010.

I. Raskin, Stiffness and Stability of Deployable Pantographic

Columns, PhD Thesis, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario,

1998.

This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/)

which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

- ETABS-2013-V13.1.3Uploaded byMREFAAT
- MSC.Nastran 2004 Release GuideUploaded byMSC Nastran Beginner
- NASTRANrelease.pdfUploaded bykuligunt
- Introduction to PlateUploaded bymahmoodseraji
- Rudman Investigtation 2009Uploaded bymahbub1669
- Beams Subject to Torsion and BendingUploaded byYacineBouzida
- A Computational Study of Buckling Analysis of Filament Wound Composite Pressure Vessel Subjected to Hydrostatic Pressure.pdfUploaded byAhmed Hassan
- workshop_17-inertia_relief_from_MSCNASTRANUploaded bydionbesselink
- 125760133 Buckling of Thin Metal Shells 88Uploaded bypawkom
- Assessment of Load Carrying Capacity of Castellated Steel Beams ByUploaded bySerkanurdan Taşay
- Memd221 Lab Manual Sem 2 2015 2016Uploaded byHarith Imran
- Nasa Beam+Column StabilityUploaded bybrahmendra
- supp_kstiffened_plate.pdfUploaded byShwetha Bhat
- BS Structural SectionsUploaded byWedman Mortel
- Buckling strength of hydraulic cylindersUploaded byiescobarz
- 13 Contact and Glue ConditionsUploaded byjingyong123
- Curved Girders Are Special'Uploaded byameypn
- 10.11648.j.ajce.20140203.17.pdfUploaded bydarkjfman_680607290
- ColumnUploaded byKhaja Mohiddin
- Elastic and inelastic local buckling of stiffened plates subjected to non-uniform compression using the Galerkin methodUploaded bybauemmvss
- Chapter 4, Fletural member.docUploaded byHaftom Gebreegziabiher
- A DMAP Alter to Allow Amplitude-DependentUploaded byEgg Man
- p 93-95 Priyanka Dhurve Published PaperUploaded byசெல்வ குமார்
- Experimental Analysis of Steel Dissipative BracingUploaded bySahar Aktham Rashed
- Assessment of Steel Hatch Covers Using Finite Element Analysis January2018Uploaded byVebly Moganti
- Initial Imperfection Analysis and Design of Concrete-filled Stiffened Thin-walled Steel TubularUploaded byAbdul Bari
- RESISTENCIA RESIDUAL DE UN CASCO DAÑADO.pdfUploaded bynestor mospan
- CivilEngg 3&4 Withscheme_ CV001Uploaded byVishakha Patel
- ACD504 Session 01 BasAnalTechUploaded byKarthik Abhi
- c 03302013029Uploaded bytheijes

- Directive 2006-42-CE_Machinery.pdfUploaded byeng13
- POWERED INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS PARAMETERSUploaded byAVINASH
- Gauging Practice for plain surfacesUploaded byAVINASH
- Lecture 11.pdfUploaded bypsunmoorthy
- METRIC STANDARDS for Worldwide Manufacturing SummariesUploaded bycicero220358
- Welding Joint SymbolsUploaded byMarcelo Cunha
- Sino boom Technical fileUploaded byAVINASH
- toleranceUploaded bySudhakar Palleti
- Ford Endeavour Eb3b 19g219 ZcaUploaded byAVINASH
- Isuzu Truck Buyers Guide 2011 EditionUploaded byAVINASH
- References of Seminar AIAUploaded byAVINASH
- Mr.avinash Kit Overhead UnitUploaded byAVINASH
- Lane Departure Warning SystemUploaded byAVINASH
- industrial-scissor-lift.pdfUploaded byJuan Jose Ramirez
- Hydraulics PptUploaded byAVINASH
- Scissor-Lift-Calculation.xlsUploaded byAVINASH
- step diameter.pdfUploaded byAVINASH
- Simulative Calculation and Optimal Design of Scissor Lift MechanismUploaded byLuis Alfonso González Vergara
- Scissor-Lift-Jack.pdfUploaded byAVINASH
- Scissor Lift CalculationUploaded byAVINASH
- TOMEJ-9-954.pdfUploaded byAVINASH

- SYLLABUS GEU_-_B.Tech-EEEUploaded byAkshay Malik
- 20131214154002195Uploaded byRainingGirl
- integrating aborginal teaching practices in the classroomUploaded byapi-322075304
- Pain AssessmentUploaded byAnonymous GoYA1OWWl
- Filetype PDF the Antitrust Revolution EconomicsUploaded byBrian
- BA060FENUploaded byAlberto Fierro
- BB 93 Front Cover, Title Page and ContentsUploaded byabudabeejaja
- AndrewJacksonSlidesOFW7Uploaded byvenkat_09
- Health Education 6 8Uploaded byIsabel Behrmann
- Xmega Au ManualUploaded byjohnanna
- Commision on Macroeconomic and Health Bg P2 Oral and Dental DiseasesUploaded byAnonymous 9aIw2a
- 0478_y15_sm_2Uploaded byLuxman Satchi
- Kayttoohje_CMTAdvanced_ENG.pdfUploaded byLuisito Miguelito Erazo
- Cloud Based Integration and SOA ArchitectureUploaded bymeister_eric
- Vertov Dziga Kino-Eye the Writings of Dziga VertovUploaded byCaca
- SPIN Pre Reading-gb v1 (2)Uploaded byjess
- FastTrack June 2012Uploaded bydgpower7808
- shakespeare code lesson planUploaded byapi-246867601
- FeministUploaded byJose Antony
- Parts of an Official LetterUploaded byHanan Murtaza
- Assassin's Creed (PC) - Assassins Flags - Masyaf - Game Guide and Walk ThroughUploaded bypoyopoank
- Canaanite MaritimeUploaded bysychev_dmitry
- Partner DeterminationUploaded bymshabnam
- MC EnginesUploaded byHarpreet Singh
- 23243334 Kfc Project on Market Research (1)Uploaded byPrashant Chaubey
- Schmalstieg 2016 AWUploaded bymkforo
- Semiconductor Process Engineer ResumeUploaded byXianwen Zhang
- MATHEMATICS (Problems and Elements)Uploaded byLynel Arianne Tabor
- First ESCO ReleaseUploaded byPedro C. C. Pimenta
- books_3017_0.pdfUploaded bymanojkhadka23